Questions tagged [soteriology]

The study of the mechanisms by which an individual is saved.

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19
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4answers
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If both the Orthodox and Catholic Church affirm salvation by grace through faith, why did the Protestant Reformation happen?

I will often engage in dialogue with Catholics and Orthodox Christians who tell me that the doctrine of their churches affirms that salvation is by grace through faith. If that is true, then what ...
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Is the sign of the Cross as well as the crucifix a Catholic “trade mark”?

Why do Catholics have crucifix in their home and Churches; priest, bishops, cardinals, popes and the faithful wear crucifix in their neck and make a sign of the cross before and after prayer and ...
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2answers
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What is the Plan of Salvation in LDS theology?

I know it's different than most Christian faiths' beliefs, and I know the missionaries teach it... I know it's a big part of Mormon curriculum and doctrine, and this site is replete with questions ...
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1answer
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Why don't Catholics believe that Christ's atonement removed Original Sin?

Original Sin is the Catholic doctrine that all human are born sinners due to the inheritance of the sin of Adam. However, Jesus Christ atoned for the sin of mankind. Therefore, one would assume the ...
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3answers
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Did Jesus die for all? Is “for many” the same meaning as “for all “ in Matthew 26:28?

In Matthew 26, Jesus said, Matthew 26:28: For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins. And In Isaiah, please take note the word “many” Isaiah ...
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What are the predominant Christian views on whether Jesus had to specifically die by crucifixion? Could he have chosen another kind of death?

As I understand it, Jesus was sentenced to die "under Pontius Pilate" and was crucified as punishment. It seems to me that Jesus had no choice but to be crucified. After all, if a criminal is ...
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1answer
82 views

Why Jesus died on the cross and not by any other mean? [duplicate]

I know why Jesus died for us? But why the cross? Why not by any other mean?
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487 views

Do non-Christians go to hell?

What is the official stance of various Christian denominations on whether or not non-believers go to hell? How do denominations which preach that they do, reconcile the damnation of people who grow ...
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1answer
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Why do Christians believe Christ's death applies to future sins? [closed]

One of the points that different Christian denominations and movements generally agree on is that Christ died on the cross to atone for our sins, and his death was the ultimate sacrifice. This ...
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5answers
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Does the Bible indicate whether Solomon is in heaven?

Solomon was possibly one of the most blessed Old Testament figures—God gave him wisdom, wealth, honor beyond anyone in his time. Solomon also wrote Proverbs & Ecclesiastes, and possibly the Song ...
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How do reformed theologians reconcile John 15:2 with “once saved always saved"?

Every branch in me (εν έμοι ) that beareth not fruit, he taketh it away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he [the Father, v1] cleanseth it, that it may bear more fruit. (John 15:2, ASV) Some ...
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Is the choice, or decision, to accept Salvation through Jesus Christ a Work?

While reviewing the superb answers to this question about free will, I was inspired to leave a comment for Ian that I realized ought to be its own question. As I understand (and possibly ...
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2answers
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Do Baptists believe someone with multiple personalities has multiple souls?

Do Baptists believe someone with multiple personalities has multiple souls? What if someone has two personalities, like the dissociative identity disorder and one has accepted Jesus as their Savior, ...
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1answer
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How do Calvinists explain God's wanting no one to perish and electing some to judgement?

I have two ideas that have support in the bible, but seem to contradict! Please help! I am looking for a Calvinist/Evangelical answer. These two verses have the general effect that God does not want ...
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0answers
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How is Union with Christ understood across Christianity?

1 Corinthians 1:30 (NIV): It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God—that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Union with Christ is an ...
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According to Catholicism can you be saved without being baptised?

Is faith through Jesus Christ without baptism enough for salvation? According to the bible, “without faith, it is hard to please God”. If someone at a young age whose been baptised didn’t have faith ...
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3answers
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What does the perpetual virginity of Mary add to our salvation?

I tried this question earlier and it was closed due to so many other similar questions but, having looked through I didn't find an answer. What, if any, is the salvific benefit of the perpetual ...
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Is there a sect who adopt “salvation by works and exaltation by both: faith and works”?

Is there a Sect or Tradition or Cult within Christianity adopts the following concept: salvation or justification by works, while exaltation or glorification by both: faith and works?.
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Why the Perpetual Virginity of Mary? [duplicate]

The Savior having been born of a Virgin as prophesied, what if any, according to Roman Catholicism, are the salvific benefits of the continued or perpetual virginity of Mary?
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What's the name of this doctrine and (when) did the Eastern Orthodox Church condemn it?

"God is merciful and He wants all people to be saved, thus, all the humans, even the worst ones, having fully redeemed themselves from their wrongdoings by spending some adequate time in the hell, ...
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3answers
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Do the Catholic Church ex cathedra pronouncements about necessity of Catholicism to be saved still apply?

I think the following was spoken Ex Cathedra: “The most Holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and preaches that none of those existing outside the Catholic Church, not only pagans, but ...
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What are the soteriological consequences of heresy?

From the Catechism (paragraph 2089), quoting canon law 751: Heresy is the obstinate post-baptismal denial of some truth which must be believed with divine and catholic faith, or it is likewise an ...
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1answer
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In what manner does the Father draw men to Jesus Christ? John 6:44

This question is for Evangelicals who do not hold a Calvinist view Jesus Christ states that the Father alone draws men to Himself. “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him” ...
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How do Arminians understand the doctrine of Unlimited Atonement in a way that does not make God unjust?

The doctrine of unlimited atonement teaches that Christ died for all mankind, but only paid for the sins of those who believe in Him. If this is the case then either Jesus already knew who would ...
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What is the Biblical basis for a resistable enabling (prevenient) grace?

I see a few different uses of the term prevenient grace in questions here, so I will define what I meant first: a belief held by traditional Baptists and other non-reformed evangelicals, that though ...
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Do Southern Baptist traditionalists agree with the Arminian view of prevenient grace?

Part of the "Arminian" position (as I understand it) is essentially as follows: Fallen people are of such a morally corrupted nature that, when hearing the gospel of how they can and must be saved by ...
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1answer
226 views

According to Wesleyan-Arminianism, does God fail?

According to Wesleyan-Arminianism, does God try His absolute hardest to save all of mankind- but ultimately fails and has no other choice but to send a majority of mankind to have their flesh burned ...
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2answers
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Was It Possible or Not To Keep the Law of Moses?

Doing a study on grace and the fulfilment of the Law at present, and wonder if someone can assist: some texts definitely state that it is not humanly possible to perfectly keep the Law. Thus Paul in ...
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5answers
964 views

How do the proponents of the idea that salvation once received cannot be lost explain Hebrews 6:4-6 and 10:26-29?

How do the proponents of the idea that salvation once received cannot be lost explain the following verses: Hebrews 6:4-6: For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have ...
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3answers
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Is it contrary to any Christian belief or doctrine to believe that Jesus deceives us in order to protect our souls?

Jesus ultimately cares about the judgement of our eternal soul. Is it contrary to any Christian belief or doctrine to believe in a Holy deception; that the reason He made His return unknown and ...
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1answer
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Did the disagreement between the Catholic Church and Protestant Church on the issue of salvation by grace alone end in 1999?

This is question is for an effort to understand the current movement of bringing unity among Christian denominations. A question was asked before: Is Pope Francis holding and professing different ...
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2answers
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Is salvation in the name “Jesus”, or in the person Jesus [closed]

Are we saved because we believed in "Jesus" (the name) or Jesus (the person)? Because other languages have other names for Jesus. If they call upon that name for salvation would they be saved? I'm ...
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1answer
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What does the Lutheran Church teach about Justification by Faith and is the sacrament of Baptism essential to salvation?

Recently I have been doing research into the Lutheran Church and it seems that they believe in baptismal regeneration. My understanding is baptismal regeneration is the belief that baptism is ...
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5answers
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Looking for an apologetic to the “Cosmic Child Abuse” objection

Recently during a discussion I got smacked with the "Cosmic Child Abuse" argument. I had heard of it before, but never really had to wrestle with it in real life. I discovered that I don't actually ...
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7answers
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What assures Christians that they alone are saved?

Christians claim that "they are saved by the sacrifice of Jesus." But there are also members of many other faiths who claim that they are saved. For example, apart from affirming Jesus to be the ...
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10answers
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What happens to people who have never heard about Jesus? [closed]

There seems to be general consensus inside Christianity that in order to be saved, you must have faith, and that this faith has to be in Jesus Christ. Here is one verse sometimes cited for the ...
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14answers
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If we are saved by grace, then why does Jesus say we must be baptized in both spirit and water?

Ephesians 2:4-9 says: But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace ...
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1answer
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How do Lutherans have their sin forgiven?

If a Lutherans sins, how is his sin forgiven? Must he confess? Is there a distinction between venial and mortal sin? What if he sins again the same sin?
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How do the proponents of the doctrine that salvation can't be lost usually explain Matthew 7:21-23?

This question is about one particular kind of Christians (I believe most of such Christians are found among Protestants) - those who: 1) believe that a man receives salvation at his very first prayer ...
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1answer
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How is God's Predestination according to Calvinist?

I've just read from this link, an explanation by John Piper : Nobody is in hell that doesn't deserve to be there and isn't in active rebellion to God Because my own interpretation that Total ...
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4answers
236 views

Is it possible to reconcile Owen's trilemma with salvation by faith?

John Owen's "trilemma" argument is often used as a defense for Limited Atonement, but it appears to have an underlying difficulty: To which I may add this dilemma to our universalists: God imposed ...
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What is the biblical basis for salvation by faith alone (sola fide)?

One of the key issues in the Reformation was the doctrine of Sola Fide, that is, that salvation is by faith alone, apart from works. What, then, is the biblical basis for this belief?
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How do evangelical universalists reconcile their position with the designation for Judas that it would be better if he had never been born?

By "evangelical" in this context I am referring to those with the common evangelical view that the Bible is the word of God and inerrant in the autographs. The idea that Judas might be ultimately ...
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3answers
964 views

Given a Catholic understanding of Hell and individual judgment, do Catholics believe that all Protestants will go to Hell?

I'm interested in a Catholic answer only; I want to know what the Catholic church teaches about this matter. I know that the Catholic Church says that only God is the judge, and that we are the ones ...
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5answers
862 views

Without Hell, from what does Jesus save?

This question is about the liberal versions of Christianity, the versions which don’t have a conception of Hell. Put simply, without Hell, just what exactly is Jesus saving me from? Even the most ...
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1answer
285 views

In Reformed theology, what exactly does the doctrine of “limited atonement” actually assert?

I have found it quite confusing to try and understand what traditional Reformed circles mean precisely in their doctrine of "limited/definite atonement"/"particular redemption", especially as not all ...
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3answers
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Replacement of sins with good

In my studies of Islamic Theology I have come across a doctrine of the replacement of sins for good deeds. Quran, Al-Furqân “Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For ...
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0answers
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How do eternal security believers explain these 2 scenarios? [duplicate]

I'm an eternal security believer but I'm struggling with how I should reconcile this with these two scenarios: Lucifer falling from Heaven, losing his standing before God and becoming the Adversary ...
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2answers
232 views

What is the dominant theory of atonement in Catholic theology?

Having a little trouble phrasing the question due to my own ignorance. I grew up celebrating Christmas and Hanukah as basically family gift giving events, as many others do, and I'm trying in ...
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3answers
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How do those who believe in salvation by grace, and in works being the fruit of salvation, explain Galatians 6:8-9?

My understanding of the relationship between works and salvation is that works are the inevitable fruit of salvation by grace (1 John 3:6, Matthew 7:16-18). And my understanding of perseverance is ...

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