Questions tagged [soteriology]

The study of the mechanisms by which an individual is saved.

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Do any Christian denominations or groups teach about Satan's common tactics to pierce through the spiritual armor of a Christian?

In Ephesians 6:10-20, the apostle Paul teaches an important mystery: all Christians are in spiritual warfare against invisible evil forces from the kingdom of Satan. And just like soldiers have to ...
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According to LDS, what principles of the gospel were corrupted in the Great Apostasy?

In the LDS.org article on Apostasy, the Great Apostasy is described in the following terms: After the deaths of the Savior and His Apostles, men corrupted the principles of the gospel and made ...
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How is one saved? [closed]

Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. (Romans 3:28 KJV) According Paul is one justified by faith alone both in Rom 3:28 and also mentioned in Gal 2:16. ...
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How do Christians who believe in libertarian free will explain the large imbalance in the ratio of people saved vs. condemned?

In principle, the decisions made by an agent endowed with freedom of the will (in the libertarian sense) are not determined. That is, a free agent's decisions cannot be the result of a sequence of ...
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How is Gods judgement of man fair when he judges them without considering their deeds?

In America, our judicial system is built on the idea that a man is assumed innocent, and then proven guilty with evidence. In contrast, Paul wrote: Romans 9 10-18: ...there was Rebekah also, when ...
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Within Anglicanism, what is the Biblical Basis for certainty that baptised infants who die will be saved?

In the Church of England Book of Common Prayer the following statement is made: It is certain by God's Word, that children which are baptized, dying before they commit actual sin, are undoubtedly ...
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How do Arminians understand the doctrine of Unlimited Atonement in a way that does not make God unjust?

The doctrine of unlimited atonement teaches that Christ died for all mankind, but only paid for the sins of those who believe in Him. If this is the case then either Jesus already knew who would ...
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Is repentance of sins possible outside the Gospel?

Does every human being, at least once in their lifetime, have a genuine chance to repent of their sins, turn away from them and start living a righteous life? If so, does this also include people who ...
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Which denominations would say that Jesus weeps for the souls in Hell?

I was reading about a girl named Angelica, who claimed to have visited Heaven and Hell. I am touched from her testimony that Jesus was weeping when they were visiting Hell. When the Lord weeps, it’s ...
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What is the biblical support for being 'born again' (or' born from above') in this life?

Many think they are 'born again' when they are baptised on receiving the Holy Spirit as a gift from God. However, it seems apparent from the scriptures that being 'born from above' happens at our ...
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What is the Biblical basis for saying that we won't have a second chance to be saved after we die?

A commonly held belief is that people need to accept Jesus as Lord during their lifetime on Earth and failing to do so will result in the individual's damnation. Is there any support for this "last ...
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What is the Biblical basis for Universal salvation?

Universal salvation, or universal reconciliation is the belief that God will eventually reconcile Himself with every immortal soul. That is, everyone will be saved. This doctrine has a long history. ...
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How do Christians discern whether they are on the narrow path that leads to life or the broad path that leads to destruction?

Matthew 7:13-14 (ESV): 13 “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. 14 For the gate is narrow and the way is ...
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The Christian Duck Test? [closed]

If it looks like a duck, swims like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it probably is a duck. There is arguably little difference between the lifestyle of the Stoic and the lifestyle of the ...
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Why is it not enough for Jesus to be human to be the perfect sacrifice, why must he be God?

Regardless of whether Jesus is God or not, why do some stridently hold to, 'Jesus can only cover sin by His own death as God'? Until Jesus' perfect sacrifice/offering, the law required an animal to ...
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How do Calvinists explain God's wanting no one to perish and electing some to judgement?

I have two ideas that have support in the bible, but seem to contradict! Please help! I am looking for a Calvinist/Evangelical answer. These two verses have the general effect that God does not want ...
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What is the most authentic Reformed 'ordo salutis'?

This question follows on from a comment made in the previous closed question. The Wikipedia article on the subject of ordo salutis quotes and lists the following, in the following order, as '...
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Immaculate Conception: Why was it necessary for our Salvation?

According to many Catholic apologists, like Dr. Robert Sungenis,1 the dogma of the immaculate conception of Mary is not simply binding because it is a divinely revealed dogma, but according to them it ...
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What is an overview of Christian viewpoints on the eternal destiny of individuals who die never hearing the Gospel?

Many individuals die never having heard the Gospel. Some illustrative examples are: pretty much everyone who was born before Jesus, individuals contemporary to Jesus but who were too far away at the ...
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Are there Christian Denominations or Movements who believe that Jesus didn't actually pay our sin debt?

I was wondering if there are any prominent or otherwise named group of Christians who believe that Jesus did away with our debt by legally canceling our debt instead of actually paying for the entire ...
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For those who don't believe baptism is required for salvation, when, scripturally, does someone die with Christ?

Paul recites as part of an early creed. 2 Timothy 2:11 ...If we have died with him, we will also live with him;... Here it seems that our living with Christ is conditioned on us having died with ...
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What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

A common function of the Holy Spirit in the salvation of sinners, according to Catholicism, mainstream Protestantism, and the Reformed Church, among others, is derived from passages like the following:...
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Is the biblical idea of being “born again” compatible with eastern religious ideas of reincarnation?

Just a simple question: is the biblical idea of being born again compatible with eastern religious ideas of reincarnation?
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How do reformed theologians reconcile John 15:2 with “once saved always saved"?

Every branch in me (εν έμοι ) that beareth not fruit, he taketh it away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he [the Father, v1] cleanseth it, that it may bear more fruit. (John 15:2, ASV) Some ...
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Did John Calvin teach that God creates certain souls only to be destroyed?

From what I understand, Calvin not only taught, but effectively systematized the doctrine of "predestinarianism," which holds that: God for His own glorification, and without any regard to original ...
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How do Christians who adhere to the maxim “in essentials unity; in non-essentials liberty; and in all things charity” determine what is essential?

The phrase has been worded in different but equivalent ways. For example, the Wikipedia article titled In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas says: In necessariis unitas, in ...
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What is the biblical basis for the Athanasian Creed's statement that believing in the Trinity is necessary for salvation?

The Athanasian Creed states: Whosoever will be saved, before all things it is necessary that he hold the catholic faith. Which faith except every one do keep whole and undefiled; without doubt he ...
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How do Eternal Security adherents interpret Ezekiel 18:21-18 and 33:12-16?

Note: for better readability, the relevant parts of the quoted passages are in bold. Ezekiel 18:21-28 (ESV): 21 “But if a wicked person turns away from all his sins that he has committed and keeps ...
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Predestination and Freewill

Is predestination a Catholic doctrine? If so, how does the Catholic Church harmonise the doctrine of predestination against freewill? The Catechism of the The Catholic Church states: "Not only ...
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Did Judas play an important role for God’s salvation?

In reading the bible, we see Judas as the great enemy who betrayed our Lord Jesus. But looking in a different perspective, was his role gave benefit for the fulfilment of death and crucifixion of the ...
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Why did Jesus need to die for our sins?

I feel silly asking this because I feel like it should be obvious. Why did Jesus need to die for our sins? I am asking because this part of Christianity still confuses me. I thought Judaism taught ...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that Jesus' death made satisfaction for individual sins?

Among evangelical Protestants, especially, but also in various other quarters of Christianity, it is common to believe that "Jesus died for me" in the sense that Jesus' death made satisfaction for (in ...
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How does repentance fit into the doctrine of sola fide (“by faith alone”)?

Sola fide (Latin for "by faith alone") is a defining doctrine of Protestantism. Wikipedia defines it as follows: The doctrine of sola fide asserts God's pardon for guilty sinners is granted to and ...
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If Christ Has Been Given All Authority Why Does He Need to Make Intercession For Us?

The bible tells us both that Jesus has been given all authority but he also is ever making intercession for us with God the Father. Has there ever been any theological explanation by anyone on why ...
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Theologians who thought Christ incarnated primarily to reveal the doctrine of the Trinity?

Are there any theologians (Doctors or Fathers of the Church) who thought that, regardless whether Adam had sinned, Christ still would have incarnated, primarily to reveal the doctrine of the Trinity?
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What is the nature of eternal security?

Jon Ericson made a statement in this answer that is fascinating to me: In other words, we aren't secure in our salvation because of the nature of salvation, but because of the nature of Jesus. This ...
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What is the biblical basis for the doctrine that salvation cannot be lost? [duplicate]

Not much to add to the title. How do Christians who advocate the "once saved, always saved" doctrine back it up with Scripture? How do they commonly defend their interpretations against ...
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What is the biblical basis for the doctrine of Eternal Security?

The Doctrine of Eternal Security (also called the Perseverance of the Saints) teaches that once a person truly experience salvation, that person's eternal destiny of eternal life is immutable. What is ...
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According to Biblical Unitarianism does belief in the Trinity disqualify one from salvation?

According to Biblical Unitarianism does belief in the Trinity disqualify one from salvation? *Note: this is not asking whether non-trinitarianism is true or whether a trinitarian baptism is valid but ...
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What is the biblical basis for the doctrine that salvation can be lost?

In contrast to the doctrine of Eternal Security, many denominations believe that a person can, in fact, lose his or her salvation. So, what is the biblical basis or biblical argument for the doctrine ...
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What is an overview of beliefs on how one can lose salvation?

Some Christian traditions believe that one can lose his or her salvation, even after a genuine conversion experience and years of faithfulness. For those who teach this doctrine, what is an overview ...
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Are there souls in hell who contributed to other soul's salvation?

This question is from a Catholic perspective. Is there any writings or some teaching whether a person who highly contribute to someone else's salvation could in fact end up in hell if abandon faith at ...
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According to Protestantism, are we saved by faith into a repentance of law-following?

Just have a question regarding faith and works: A person has eternal life solely by faith in Jesus Christ (as in believing every word Jesus said, including his claims that he is God), but by believing ...
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In Reformed theology, what exactly does the doctrine of “limited atonement” actually assert?

I have found it quite confusing to try and understand what traditional Reformed circles mean precisely in their doctrine of "limited/definite atonement"/"particular redemption", especially as not all ...
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In Roman Catholicism, what is the right way of praying for the salvation of departed souls?

In Roman Catholicism, I understand that as per traditions, while praying for the salvation of departed souls, we usually have to recite “Our Father and Hail Mary”. Are there any Church guidelines ...
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Purgatory for those who are saved outside the Church?

The Catholic Church teaches that some might be saved outside the Catholic Church. This question relates to those, for example a non-denominational Christian that lives his life ignorantly but ...
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Which places in the Bible have been suggested in Christianity as a basis for the possibility that some of humans before Christ could be saved? [duplicate]

Which places in the Bible have been suggested in Christianity as a possible basis for the possibility that some of humans who were not Jews and lived before Christ still could be saved? The wiki page ...
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How is Union with Christ understood across Christianity?

1 Corinthians 1:30 (NIV): It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God—that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Union with Christ is an ...
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How do Evangelicals understand “holy children” in 1 Cor 7:14, with respect to the salvation of children dying in infancy?

For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy. (1 ...
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For since the creation… men are without excuse

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in ...

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