Questions tagged [judaism]

The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

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Does any denomination commemorate the Weaning Ceremony of Infant Jesus?

We read in Gen 21:5-8: Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him. Now Sarah said, “God has brought laughter for me; everyone who hears will laugh with me.” And she said, “...
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What is the purpose of the title "King of the Jews"?

Jesus is named the "King of the Jews" both at his birth and at the end. It seems to me that this term has meaning, and I would like to ask what do you think is its meaning ? Does it mean any ...
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Does Jesus' descending into hell in the Apostles Creed have any reference to the scapegoat's descend in the Jewish tradition?

The Creed of the Apostles say that Jesus descended into hell after his death on the cross. He is referred to as the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. In this context, it would be ...
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Do Christian or Jewish traditions say something about the mark what was given to Cain by God to protect him from getting killed?

We read in Gen 4: 13-15: Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment is greater than I can bear! Today you have driven me away from the soil, and I shall be hidden from your face; I shall be a fugitive ...
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Did any in the early church require a kosher diet?

In the early church, we see statements suggesting that the dietary laws of clean/unclean meats from Old Testament passages such as Leviticus 11 are no longer binding. For example: As for their [the ...
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How do believers in post-mortal consciousness respond to objections by the Jewish Encyclopedia article on the immortality of the soul?

I'm specifically referring to this article: https://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8092-immortality-of-the-soul -- Some quotes IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL (late Hebrew, "hasharat ha-nefesh"...
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Is the practice of seeking the intercession of Rachel admonished in the New Testament?

Some modern Jews claim that seeking the prayers and intercession of Rachel is an ancient tradition. See https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/rachel-bible More than a hundred years after the exile of ...
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What is the the difference between the monotheism of Trinitarian Christianity and Judaism?

If both Judaism and Trinitariansm are monotheistic, Jesus being a jew, do both faiths have the same God? If the word mono means one, single how can it be explained logically that 3 is 1 and 1 is 3? ...
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According to Catholic Church, did Jesus belong to the Essenes sect of Judaism?

According to Josephus, there were four prominent sects of Judaism at the time of Jesus'ministry namely, Essenes, Pharisees, Sadducees and Zealots. In the NT we come across a number of people ...
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Did Jesus believe that the human soul lived on after death? [closed]

Jesus was deeply Jewish and practiced Judaism which, in Jesus's time, did not recognize separation of soul and body. So did Jesus believe that the human soul lived on after death?
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What do Jews and Christians agree with in the Bible?

What is the bible such that contains the intersection, of agreement in the word, between Jews and Christians? It seems that it's the Torah, is this correct? Are there more books? I said intersection ...
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What reason is there to believe that 1st C Jews thought that being the Son of God = God?

One poster ask me the above question. Does anyone have a scriptural answer? I have one and will post it soon.
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Did a Church Father ever write an epistle encouraging Christians to observe the Jewish Sabbath, and if so, what was the earliest instance?

Did a Church Father ever write an epistle in which he explicitly encouraged Christians to embrace the observance of the Jewish Sabbath? I've looked at the matter, but only managed to find examples of ...
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How widespread was the observance of the Jewish Sabbath among Christians during Early Christianity (A.D. 30–324)?

Question How widespread was the observance of the Jewish Sabbath among Christians during Early Christianity (A.D. 30–324)? Further Details As a reminder, the Jewish Sabbath is defined as: [...] the ...
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Does the concept of Godhead (one God, but multiple persons) predate Christianity? Can we find evidence of this concept in Judaism before 0 A.D.?

Was the concept of Godhead (one God, but multiple persons) known by the Jews prior to the advent of Christianity? Were there Jews that held a Binitarian, Trinitarian or similar "Godhead" ...
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How do Christians argue about Jewish objections against Jesus being the Messiah

Traditional / Orthodox Jews argue that Jesus was not the Messiah, because we don't live in a Messianic Age. In the Messianic Age All Jews would be living in Israel (Isa. 11:12, 27:12-13); Israel ...
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Do Catholics violate Torah laws? [duplicate]

As is well-known, Judaism rejects all statues based on the Torah. The Presbyterian Church and Protestants reject making statutes but Roman Catholics made many statues of Jesus, Mary, Peter, and Paul. ...
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Does Catholic Church believe that Jews suffered because of the curse of their forefathers at Matthew 27:25?

We read in Matthew 27: 24-25: So when Pilate saw that he could do nothing, but rather that a riot was beginning, he took some water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of ...
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How would Christianity be different if Paul was found to be a Jewish spy? [closed]

[disclaimer - I'm Jewish and don't really know much about Christianity. If this is a simple/known question - please excuse me and point me in the right direction.] I listened to a Torah class at ...
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What were the views of the Church Fathers on Jews and Judaism during the Patristic Era?

I am currently learning about the holocaust in History class right now. It was mentioned that during the Middle Ages, some Christians were anti-semitic. I wondered how the Early Church (Pre-Schism) ...
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Do Protestants believe it is easier for New Testament believers to fulfill the moral law than it was before Christ?

Jeremiah prophesied that on the new covenant the law would be written on the hearts of the believer (Jr 31:33) "But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those ...
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Why do today's Christians never express any kind of criticism against other religions? [closed]

I've been listening to local and far-away Christian radio stations for a long time. What strikes me is that, not even once, have I heard them (any of them) say a single word that could in any way be ...
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Do Messianic Jews adhere to the Talmud?

Messianic Jews are Jews that believe Jesus is their Messiah. Do they in general consider the Talmud to be authoritative and something they must adhere to?
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What are the origins of the theory, present in the "Didascalia Apostolorum", about the existence of a "First Law" and a "Second Law"?

I recently read a study on the "Didascalia Apostulorum",probably composed in Syria in the first half of the third century AD. I was very impressed by the theory contained therein, according to which ...
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As a young Jew what would Jesus have been taught about heaven and hell?

I understand the Jewish concept of heaven and hell is different from what I was taught as a conservative protestant. I am curious as to the teaching Jesus would have received from rabbis of his time. ...
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What does Unitarianism think about Judaism?

As Christians know, the Christian sect called Unitarianism is very interesting. For example, Unitarians believe in one G-d, rejecting the Trinity. They stress the oneness and unity of G-d. Famous ...
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Are sins = crime in ancient Jews? [closed]

Ancient Judaism is religious society. Religious society, unlike secular society, has a feature. What's prohibited by their religions are also prohibited by laws. A lot like Muslim society right now. ...
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How does the “eight day" appearance of Jesus to Doubting Thomas in John 20:26 relate to Parsha Shemini (Eighth Day) "appearance" Leviticus 9:1 & 10:2? [closed]

I have been following Jewish and Christian lectionaries for some years and have often noticed interesting relationships. Became aware of Aileen Gulding's work on this idea: The Fourth Gospel and ...
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Why was the revelation that God has the Only Begotten Son not given in the Old Testament?

Of course, we have many indications to that truth in the Old Testament, but it was only with the coming of Jesus Christ that it was spoken to humans in plain language that God has the Only-begotten ...
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What was the reason why the Jews specifically used the substitute Adonay/Kyrios for the Tetragrammaton?

God has one name. ‘’I am Yhwh and that is my name’’ (אֲנִ֥י יְהוָ֖ה ה֣וּא שְׁמִ֑י Isaiah 42:8). In the Hebrew Pentateuch the name of God was the Tetragrammaton (the four letter) ‘Yhwh’. The Jews ...
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What is the basis for believing that 40 lashes would be deadly (especially in Roman law or jurisprudence)?

I have commonly heard that 40 lashes were thought to be deadly and thus 39 were issued. It seems as though neither 40 nor 39 lashes had anything to do with the deadliness of the punishment in Jewish ...
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Why was Jesus not welcomed and carefully tested by the Jews if they were (and are) actually waiting for Messiah?

I have tried to understand these things all my life. A lot of the Bible stories make no sense to me, which probably means I'm missing something. One of the biggest questions I have is this: If the ...
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What musical liturgical melodies could Jesus have sung in the synagogues of his day?

What musical liturgical melodies could Jesus have sung in the synagogues of his day? Do any possible examples still exist, based on historical evidence? Have any musically inclined historians ...
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Does Nehemiah Gordon self-identify as a Christian? [closed]

Does Nehemiah Gordon self-identify as a Christian? Does he believe that Yeshua is the Christ ? I heard that his conversion story exists on the internet but I am unable to find it. If someone can help ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
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Why was it said Salvation is only through Jesus?

It was stated in the answer (https://christianity.stackexchange.com/a/15634/45797) to a question (How were people saved before ~33AD?), as follows; No one, either prior to the cross or since the ...
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When did the practice of tearing one's own garments start among the Jews?

At Matt 26: 63-65 we see: "But Jesus was silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” Jesus said to him, “You have said ...
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Essenes' Beliefs in Comparison to Christianity

Does anyone know (with sources) what the Essenes taught and believed in relation to what Christ taught? Sources are much appreciated.
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Was the Gathering Relics of Holy Men in 1st Century common in the Early Church?

I am hoping to understand or know if Jesus' apostles would have had gathering relics of something like the crucifixion in mind at some point when it as still possible to locate them (ex: the true ...
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Were Jews in Jesus' day binitarian?

Is it true that Jews during Jesus' lifetime were binitarian, that is believing that God was one being in two persons similar to how Christians have historically believed and taught that God is ...
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Did the apostles teach ideas about God the Father that were contrary to the teachings of first century Judaism?

Early Christianity surely inherited theology from Judaism. In particular, at least some of God's characteristics as taught by Judaism. After all, Jesus and the apostles were Jews. Did they ever ...
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What was the Jewish understanding of baptism?

Considering the message of John the Baptist and the Jewish leaders reaction to it, what was the existing Jewish thought about Baptism? Who needed to be baptized and when?
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Who could have watched the veil of the temple tear when Jesus died?

A professor today made the claim that the following claim is spurious: And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. Mark 15:38 (NRSV) His rationale is that no-one but the ...
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Where did Jesus' belief in the devil come from?

In Jn 8:44, Jesus tells some people that their father is the devil. I have read that in Judaism there is no devil, so I was wondering where did Jesus' belief in the devil come from.
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What kind of Christianity supports Zionism?

I'm writing an essay about Christian Zionism, and I'm a bit unclear on the end-times beliefs of pre-millennialism and post-millennialism. I understand the basic timelines of both, but where does ...
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Why Jews are the chosen people?

Are the Jewish people the chosen and if so why?...My uneducated Grandmother always said the the Jewish people were the chosen because they were the only people who kept God's laws at that time..such ...
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Why don't Christians wrap tefillin?

In Judaism, the most explicit text that commands Jews to wrap tefillin (aka the little black boxes with Bible verses in them that Jews wear on their head and arms) is from Deut. 6:8 "And you shall ...
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Were any of the Apostolic Fathers Jews?

A simple question; I am reading the Apostolic Fathers and have noticed how they frequently refer to themselves as 'Gods Chosen' and speak of the Old Testament prophets as 'Our Forefathers'. This ...
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Why do the Seventh Day Adventists consider the Sabbath to begin on Friday at sunset?

I understand that for the Jews, the beginning of the Sabbath is at 5 PM on Friday. So why then does Sabbath start at sundown on Friday for the Seventh Day Adventists?
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Had Jesus formally been given authority to preach in the synagogue?

At Luke 4:16-17 we read: " When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet ...
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