Questions tagged [judaism]

The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

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Why did Jesus' Jewish disciples not react to his words about the communion elements if they were meant to be taken literally? [on hold]

Since some liturgical churches preach that in Jesus' last supper description in Matthew, he wanted it to be taken literally and that his blood and body were actually present within the taking of the ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
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Why was it said Salvation is only through Jesus?

It was stated in the answer (https://christianity.stackexchange.com/a/15634/45797) to a question (How were people saved before ~33AD?), as follows; No one, either prior to the cross or since the ...
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When did the practice of tearing one's own garments start among the Jews?

At Matt 26: 63-65 we see: "But Jesus was silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” Jesus said to him, “You have said ...
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Essenes' Beliefs in Comparison to Christianity

Does anyone know (with sources) what the Essenes taught and believed in relation to what Christ taught? Sources are much appreciated.
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Was the Gathering Relics of Holy Men in 1st Century common in the Early Church?

I am hoping to understand or know if Jesus' apostles would have had gathering relics of something like the crucifixion in mind at some point when it as still possible to locate them (ex: the true ...
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Were Jews in Jesus' day binitarian?

Is it true that Jews during Jesus' lifetime were binitarian, that is believing that God was one being in two persons similar to how Christians have historically believed and taught that God is ...
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Did the apostles teach ideas about God the Father that were contrary to the teachings of first century Judaism?

Early Christianity surely inherited theology from Judaism. In particular, at least some of God's characteristics as taught by Judaism. After all, Jesus and the apostles were Jews. Did they ever ...
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Who could have watched the veil of the temple tear when Jesus died?

A professor today made the claim that the following claim is spurious: And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. Mark 15:38 (NRSV) His rationale is that no-one but the ...
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Where did Jesus' belief in the devil come from?

In Jn 8:44, Jesus tells some people that their father is the devil. I have read that in Judaism there is no devil, so I was wondering where did Jesus' belief in the devil come from.
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What kind of Christianity supports Zionism?

I'm writing an essay about Christian Zionism, and I'm a bit unclear on the end-times beliefs of pre-millennialism and post-millennialism. I understand the basic timelines of both, but where does ...
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Why Jews are the chosen people?

Are the Jewish people the chosen and if so why?...My uneducated Grandmother always said the the Jewish people were the chosen because they were the only people who kept God's laws at that time..such ...
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Why don't Christians wrap tefillin?

In Judaism, the most explicit text that commands Jews to wrap tefillin (aka the little black boxes with Bible verses in them that Jews wear on their head and arms) is from Deut. 6:8 "And you shall ...
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Were any of the Apostolic Fathers Jews?

A simple question; I am reading the Apostolic Fathers and have noticed how they frequently refer to themselves as 'Gods Chosen' and speak of the Old Testament prophets as 'Our Forefathers'. This ...
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Why do the Seventh Day Adventists consider the Sabbath to begin on Friday at sunset?

I understand that for the Jews, the beginning of the Sabbath is at 5 PM on Friday. So why then does Sabbath start at sundown on Friday for the Seventh Day Adventists?
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Had Jesus formally been given authority to preach in the synagogue?

At Luke 4:16-17 we read: " When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet ...
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Why did God spare Abraham's child but not Jephthah's?

I am confused why God stopped Abraham from murdering his son in Genesis 22 but not Jephthah's daughter in Judges 11 - 12. I also find it especially weird because in the KJV, Jephthah made the vow ...
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How did the Gift of the Holy Ghost operate before Christ came?

How did the Gift of the Holy Ghost operate before Christ came? In particular, I'm wondering how it operated among the ancient Jewish people, who only had the Aaronic priesthood, and therefore would ...
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Why did the ancient Jews use a candelabrum with 7 candles?

Why did the ancient Jews use a candelabrum with 7 candles? I don't understand why it's not 8 or 6 or 10 or 6 or 1 or 1 or 2? Can you please assist me with this matter of the upmost importance? Do ...
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According to Catholicism, who can be referred to as the One Flock of Jesus in today's context? [duplicate]

In John 10:16 we see Jesus saying: "I have other sheep that do not belong to this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd." Of ...
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Is there an equivalent to cantillation or tajweed in Christianity?

In both Islam and Hebrew, the respective holy books have rules for pronunciation and recitation so that they can be sung. Cantillation is the ritual chanting of readings from the Hebrew Bible in ...
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How do Bible scholars view the accuracy and reliability of the Aleppo Codex?

Background information: Circa A.D. 930, sages and scribes completed the writing of the Aleppo Codex, the first definitive Tanakh, or Hebrew Bible. From Tiberias, the codex was taken to Jerusalem. But ...
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How much of the Catholic Mass is inherited from the Jewish Shabbat service?

I was watching this Shabbat video (a service to mark the beginning of the Sabbath, in Friday night), and there seems to be several similarities with the Mass rite (at least the Catholic one). (Notice ...
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Did the symbols of star in Christianity and Judaism originate independently?

In the literature of Christianity, the symbolic drawing of star is a pentagram picturising a five-pointed star. Judaism, on the other hand, uses hexagram that is, a six-pointed star . I wish to know ...
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Why is the Bishop of Jerusalem still Greek?

I understand that after the Bar Kokhba Revolt of 135 AD, that Jews (not even Christian Jews) were not allowed in Jerusalem, and that Christian bishops were forced to be gentiles. The last known bishop ...
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Who started the Judensau image?

I found about Judensau sculpture when I want to know deeper about Martin Luther. Below is a little bit information about Judensau I read from Wikipedia: A Judensau (German for "Jews' sow" is a folk ...
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Did Jesus wear tsitsiyot?

According to the NIV, Mathew 9:20-21: Just then a woman who had been subject to bleeding for twelve years came up behind him and touched the edge of his cloak. She said to herself, “If I only ...
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Have any Wesleyan theologians compared Outler's Quadrilateral to PaRDeS?

In 1964, Methodist theologian Albert C. Outler outlined the Wesleyan Quadrilateral in his introduction to John Wesley's anthology of works. This establishes a hermeneutic framework in which truth, ...
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Was Paul's Relationship with Jewish Leadership Close Enough to Act as Their Agent?

After reading this question on judaism.SE I wanted to pose a version of it here. (You know, it's facinating to see how Judaism views us....) Paul's letter to the Hebrews could be described (and ...
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Is Matthew 17:24 a reference to the Fiscus Judaicus?

Matthew 17:24 says: "After Jesus and his disciples arrived in Capernaum, the collectors of the two-drachma temple tax came to Peter and asked, “Doesn’t your teacher pay the temple tax?” My ...
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How common were blasphemy accusations and trials among the Jews during the time of Jesus?

I am curious if any critical scholarly work has attempted to study the frequency with which blasphemy accusations occurred within the Jewish community at the time of Jesus, and if possible, how many ...
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According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify?

According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify? Or is Christ, faith, and the New Law necessary to justify even those who lived before Christ?
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Does Jesus' public reading of the Scriptures imply that he had any authority within the religious community?

In Luke 4:17, Jesus reads from the Scriptures during a religious meeting. The passage reads, Luke 4:16-21 (NIV) He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went ...
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Are there or have there been any Christian traditions that follow Kosher food laws?

Kosher food laws are part of Judaism, from which Christianity grew. But what Christian denominations or traditions follow, or historically have observed Kosher food laws?
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Was Joseph Smith interested in and familiar with Kabbalah?

We know that historically Joseph Smith taught himself Hebrew (as to how well, I'm not sure), and that he held beliefs similar to Jewish mysticism (degrees of heaven, preexistence, fall of angels, etc.)...
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What is the Testament of Hezekiah? I know it exists, but I can't locate it

I am currently reading up on of apocryphal and pseudopigagraphical literature, and I see on a list that the Testament of Hezekiah is enumerated as one of them. However, I cannot locate a source or any ...
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What do Catholics believe about Yom kippur and judgment?

Yom Kippur is the Day of Atonement, The Lords feast as Leviticus says. In Judaism, this is the day where God or Hashem will judge the future, what will happen the next year is decided on Yom Kippur. ...
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What do Christianity and Judaism have in common? [closed]

Most Christians relate to Judaism more than to Islam, Hinduism, or Buddhism, or any other religion. So, my question is, what do Christianity and Judaism have in common so as to make them so related to ...
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What is the difference between the Ebionites and Nazarenes?

The Ebionites and Nazarenes were Jewish–Christian sects during the Second Temple era. We know that the Ebionites believed Yeshu was born of a natural generation between Joseph and Mary; while some ...
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Could a Christian remain in the sect of the Pharisees?

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of Moses....
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What are the theological reasons some Protestants are Zionists?

Zionism, founded by Theodor Herzl, is a movement for reestablishing a political nation for the Jewish people. Thus, what are the theological reasons why some Protestants are Zionists, especially in ...
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Was each “Book” of the Old Testament on a separate scroll prior to the second century A.D.?

In this passage of Luke, it seems like the Book of Isaiah was on its own individual scroll. Do we have historical evidence or references that show whether this was always the case, or if some Books of ...
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What is an overview of Jesus' ministry during Holy Week?

Starting with his arrival in Jerusalem, what is an overview of events in the final week before his resurrection as they occurred on specific days of Holy Week? Note: I'm looking for an answer that ...
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According to Catholicism, does God create new angels?

In Judaism there are many Rabbis that preach that we (humans) can create an angel, and some say God creates angels out of a river of fire in heaven, and they worship him. Does the Catholic Church ...
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Was the washing of feet of the disciples by Jesus, part of a Jewish tradition?

At John 13:3-6 (RSVCE) we read: Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he had come from God and was going to God, rose from supper, laid aside his garments, ...
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Is it true that there is an inscription that says that Yahweh had a wife?

In this video, around 1:08:40, Amihai Mazar, of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, says: The name "Yahweh", as the name of an Israelite God, [...] appears for the first time in the inscriptions of ...
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Is the doctrine of the Trinity the primary difference between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism? [closed]

Judaism got its root in 1st millennium BC; Islam originated in 7th century AD; Christianity took birth in the 1st century AD. Did doctrinal differences regarding the Trinity necessitate the creation ...
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Who were the “scribes” whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. (Matthew 7:28-29 ESV) There are ...
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Is it likely that Christianity was born from Judaism? [closed]

The History timeline of Jerusalem states that the first monotheism in Jerusalem was Judaism, then Christianity followed. So it's likely that Christianity evolved from Judaism. Did Jesus Christ take ...
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What is the basis for the belief that Christianity and Islam worship different gods?

Another question entitled "Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God?" requested the basis for the belief that Christians and Muslims do worship the same god. In this question, I am requesting ...