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Questions tagged [judaism]

The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

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What caused radical shift in Protestant disposition toward Jews between Martin Luther and today?

Most contemporary Protestants are very favorably disposed toward Jews and explain it with their theology. However, it hasn't always been like that. My question is, what has caused this radical shift ...
amphibient's user avatar
11 votes
6 answers
2k views

Did Paul remain a Jew even after his conversion?

I’m doing some research about early Christianity, specifically looking into the circumstances of the divergence between Judaism and Christianity as two very distinct religions as we know them today. ...
Mithridates the Great's user avatar
0 votes
5 answers
109 views

Could the messiah be adopted into the lineage of David like Jesus and if no why?

I was debating with my Jewish friend on the messiah and one of his objections was that the messiah would be from the direct linage of David and that the messiah could not be adopted into the linage, ...
Connor Jones's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
312 views

Are there references in the gospels that confirm or deny the dual eternal resurrections of both the wicked and righteous souls in the Talmud?

One of the early collections of Rabbinic Law and Doctrine is contained in the Babylon Talmudic. I presume it’s fairly safe to say that it is a good source to indicate what the Rabbis at the time of ...
Mike's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
76 views

Question regarding the name of the Father

I currently came across some question regarding the name of the Father in the Trinity, God the creator. I have seen that a lot of people use the tetragrammaton YHWH especially in the case of Judaism, ...
How why e's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
35 views

Is the context of Mark 7:19 eating bread without ceremonial handwashing (Ref. Mark 7:1, Matt 15:2) or about unclean animals?

The contemporary Christian interpretation of the passage found in Mark 7:19 seems incompatible with the greater context of the chapter as a whole. How can this be about unclean meat? Mark 7:19 NASB ...
Son of David Messianic Fellows's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
162 views

Has any comparative study been made on Jewish and Islamic perceptions of Christianity?

Christians see Jesus as the only Son of God who incarnated as a human being to redeem mankind from sin in fulfilment of the prophesies made in the Old Testament. The Qur'an refers to Jesus as one of ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
291 views

What is the origin of the Pharisees and Sadducees?

I understand that Sadducees were upper-class wealthy men who made up the Jewish aristocracy. Pharisees came from all economic classes but were distinguished by their rigid adherence to behaviour as ...
Lesley's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
543 views

How Did the Earliest Church Define Salvation?

This question came up for me in a discussion of the meaning of "saved" in Acts 15:1. But certain ones having come down from Judea were teaching the brothers, "Unless you are ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
224 views

How did the disciples' view of the messiah evolve?

Numerous miracles and theophanies in the New Testament make clear the Christ was perceived to be divine. A range of epithets were used across the books, such as "Son of the Living God" ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
218 views

Are Zerachiel and Sariel the same angel (according to orthodox churches)?

I know that Zerachiel and Sariel are both rather tied to Judaism as they are most prevalently found in the book of Enoch. In most denominations of christianity this book is not recognized as a canon, ...
Saha's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
138 views

Is there a traditional belief in Christianity or Judaism on the cause of death of Moses?

Deut 34:5-7 say that when Moses died at the age of 120 years, his eyesight or strength had not diminished. That implies that he did not die of age-related ailments. One is left to assume that Moses ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
-2 votes
4 answers
387 views

Is Christianity an ethnic religion?

It's well-known that in the Bible God mentioned all about Israel and its people like Judaism. Judaism and Christianity believe in the same Bibles also. So Judaism is an ethnic religion according to ...
Mahmudul Hasan Jabir   's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
98 views

Which is closer to traditional Christian doctrine: Judaism or Mary Baker Eddy?

Regarding the existence of the evil side in every individual, Judaism and Christian Science teach two conflicting doctrines. Judaism teaches that the evil side (Heb. yetzer hara) is an essential and ...
Fomalhaut's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
810 views

Why did Origen oppose birthdays? Was this a Jewish belief?

I found this quote of Origen condemning birthdays as the practice of the gentile sinners. ...of all the holy people in the Scriptures, no one is recorded to have kept a feast or held a great banquet ...
Michael16's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
132 views

Did different Jews have different canons?

During the time of Jesus Christ and even before the time of Christ there existed different sects of Jews (the Pharisees, the Sadducees and the Hellenistic Jews) but did they different sect of Jews ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
121 views

Did any Jews have the same canon as Jesus during the time of Christ and did the early church ever quote from it?

Orthodox Christians have a much larger canon than both Roman Catholic and Protestant Christians, this includes books such as 3 Maccabees. During the time of Jesus there were different sects of Jews. ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
71 views

Does Christianity have any explicit position on Jewish matrilineality?

Among denominations which recognize infant baptism, in my experience, Christians — even those who are otherwise not really practicing — baptize their children as a matter of course. In cases where the ...
TheChymera's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
88 views

How do New Perspective proponents respond to Robert Cara's 3 critiques on NPP?

A Gospel Coalition short essay (Justification and the New Perspective on Paul) by Robert J. Cara, author of the 2017 book Cracking the Foundation of the New Perspective on Paul: Covenantal Nomism ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
79 views

When was the Old Testament Canon defined?

When was the Old Testament Canon defined? I wonder if it was defined in the days when Jesus was crucified
Dare to ask-I dnt mind punishm's user avatar
7 votes
6 answers
2k views

What evidence is there that God as father was a common concept for Jesus's first century Jewish audience?

Many Christians believe that Jesus' teaching about the Fatherhood of God was new and even revolutionary. Previously, Jews thought of God as "Lord" but not as Father. However, we can indeed ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
85 views

How can it be defended that all Israel is Jewish?

Many texts, publications, teachers, preachers etc. refer to ALL of Israel as Jewish. I'm forgoing putting links herein as there are many references online quickly and easily found. For example, &...
Ben's user avatar
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13 votes
5 answers
5k views

How do Christians respond to the criticism that Jesus of Nazareth did not bring world peace?

One criticism I've heard of Christianity repeatedly by devout Jews is that Jesus of Nazareth did not usher in a time of peace - there are still wars, internal strife, and so on. Here is an example, ...
Only True God's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
73 views

Whom or what did Azazel signify in the Old Testament?

We read of the name Azazel on three occasions in the OT: Lev 16:8 and Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for Azazel. Leviticus 16:10 but the goat on ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
957 views

What was the relationship between Jesus and the Pharisees?

A casual reader of the Gospels usually sees the Pharisees as Jesus' implacable enemies. After all, they often accused him of breaking the Laws of the Torah and Jesus frequently denounced them as ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
181 views

Proof of the Messiah’s Role?

I am struggling with Judaism and Christianity on the role of the Messiah. I have been taught that the Messiah is not some divine figure, but a righteous leader who will castigate nations for their ...
Jewish Context's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
208 views

How ancient were the Jewish Targums?

Did they precede the time of Jesus or were they compiled around the time of Jesus? Also, is it true that they were only an oral tradition at first?
Racionāls Viedoklis's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
125 views

Did the Jews in Our Lord’s time or earlier believe in a form of purgatory?

Purgatory is most often dismissed as being nothing more than a Roman Catholic belief, but does Judaism have a form of purgatory? (ie a place where our remaining sins are purged) or to quote from the ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
39 views

Does any denomination commemorate the Weaning Ceremony of Infant Jesus?

We read in Gen 21:5-8: Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him. Now Sarah said, “God has brought laughter for me; everyone who hears will laugh with me.” And she said, “...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
617 views

What is the purpose of the title "King of the Jews"?

Jesus is named the "King of the Jews" both at his birth and at the end. It seems to me that this term has meaning, and I would like to ask what do you think is its meaning ? Does it mean any ...
ransh's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
53 views

Does Jesus' descending into hell in the Apostles Creed have any reference to the scapegoat's descend in the Jewish tradition?

The Creed of the Apostles say that Jesus descended into hell after his death on the cross. He is referred to as the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. In this context, it would be ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
901 views

Did any in the Early Church require a kosher diet?

In the Early Church, we see statements suggesting that the dietary laws of clean/unclean meats from Old Testament passages such as Leviticus 11 are no longer binding. For example: As for their [the ...
The Editor's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

How do believers in post-mortal consciousness respond to objections by the Jewish Encyclopedia article on the immortality of the soul?

I'm specifically referring to this article: https://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8092-immortality-of-the-soul -- Some quotes IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL (late Hebrew, "hasharat ha-nefesh"...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
295 views

Is the practice of seeking the intercession of Rachel admonished in the New Testament?

Some modern Jews claim that seeking the prayers and intercession of Rachel is an ancient tradition. See https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/rachel-bible More than a hundred years after the exile of ...
qxn's user avatar
  • 504
-1 votes
3 answers
711 views

What is the the difference between the monotheism of Trinitarian Christianity and Judaism?

If both Judaism and Trinitariansm are monotheistic, Jesus being a jew, do both faiths have the same God? If the word mono means one, single how can it be explained logically that 3 is 1 and 1 is 3? ...
Alex Balilo's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
709 views

According to Catholic Church, did Jesus belong to the Essenes sect of Judaism?

According to Josephus, there were four prominent sects of Judaism at the time of Jesus'ministry namely, Essenes, Pharisees, Sadducees and Zealots. In the NT we come across a number of people ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
319 views

Did Jesus believe that the human soul lived on after death? [closed]

Jesus was deeply Jewish and practiced Judaism which, in Jesus's time, did not recognize separation of soul and body. So did Jesus believe that the human soul lived on after death?
Kriste's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
385 views

What do Jews and Christians agree with in the Bible?

What is the bible such that contains the intersection, of agreement in the word, between Jews and Christians? It seems that it's the Torah, is this correct? Are there more books? I said intersection ...
user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
321 views

What reason is there to believe that 1st C Jews thought that being the Son of God = God?

One poster ask me the above question. Does anyone have a scriptural answer? I have one and will post it soon.
Mr. Bond's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
306 views

How widespread was the observance of the Jewish Sabbath among Christians during Early Christianity (A.D. 30–324)?

Question How widespread was the observance of the Jewish Sabbath among Christians during Early Christianity (A.D. 30–324)? Further Details As a reminder, the Jewish Sabbath is defined as: [...] the ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
149 views

Does the concept of Godhead (one God, but multiple persons) predate Christianity? Can we find evidence of this concept in Judaism before 0 A.D.?

Was the concept of Godhead (one God, but multiple persons) known by the Jews prior to the advent of Christianity? Were there Jews that held a Binitarian, Trinitarian or similar "Godhead" ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
342 views

How do Christians argue about Jewish objections against Jesus being the Messiah

Traditional / Orthodox Jews argue that Jesus was not the Messiah, because we don't live in a Messianic Age. In the Messianic Age All Jews would be living in Israel (Isa. 11:12, 27:12-13); Israel ...
WolfgangP's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
65 views

Do Catholics violate Torah laws? [duplicate]

As is well-known, Judaism rejects all statues based on the Torah. The Presbyterian Church and Protestants reject making statutes but Roman Catholics made many statues of Jesus, Mary, Peter, and Paul. ...
Turk Hill's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
146 views

Does Catholic Church believe that Jews suffered because of the curse of their forefathers at Matthew 27:25?

We read in Matthew 27: 24-25: So when Pilate saw that he could do nothing, but rather that a riot was beginning, he took some water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
207 views

How would Christianity be different if Paul was found to be a Jewish spy? [closed]

[disclaimer - I'm Jewish and don't really know much about Christianity. If this is a simple/known question - please excuse me and point me in the right direction.] I listened to a Torah class at ...
Yehosef's user avatar
  • 99
2 votes
2 answers
963 views

What were the views of the Church Fathers on Jews and Judaism during the Patristic Era?

I am currently learning about the holocaust in History class right now. It was mentioned that during the Middle Ages, some Christians were anti-semitic. I wondered how the Early Church (Pre-Schism) ...
Dash Ivey's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
148 views

Do Protestants believe it is easier for New Testament believers to fulfill the moral law than it was before Christ?

Jeremiah prophesied that on the new covenant the law would be written on the hearts of the believer (Jr 31:33) "But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those ...
Davi Rolim's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
313 views

Why do today's Christians never express any kind of criticism against other religions? [closed]

I've been listening to local and far-away Christian radio stations for a long time. What strikes me is that, not even once, have I heard them (any of them) say a single word that could in any way be ...
Perla Repasky's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
841 views

Do Messianic Jews adhere to the Talmud?

Messianic Jews are Jews that believe Jesus is their Messiah. Do they in general consider the Talmud to be authoritative and something they must adhere to?
wildmangrove's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
92 views

What are the origins of the theory, present in the "Didascalia Apostolorum", about the existence of a "First Law" and a "Second Law"?

I recently read a study on the "Didascalia Apostulorum",probably composed in Syria in the first half of the third century AD. I was very impressed by the theory contained therein, according to which ...
Amos74's user avatar
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