Questions tagged [incarnation]

Questions relating to the process by which the Divine became flesh

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How do people who say Jesus did not exist prior to his birth interpret Philippians 2:7? [duplicate]

Philippians 2:7: but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. In this passage, we see that Jesus “emptied himself” and became a servant. But this seems ...
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Did any catholic theologian argue that hell must be eternal from the fact of Incarnation?

Did any catholic theologian argue that hell must be eternal from the fact of Incarnation? If so, which ones, and how did they argue for it? According to the Catholic faith, hell is eternal. Could one ...
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How long has it been a custom to bow at the mention of the Incarnation?

I asked a question a few years ago and it was mentioned in a anecdote concerning the devil from 1374 that people were genuflecting at the mention of the incarnation https://christianity.stackexchange....
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Why do Christians missionary think that quran 5:17 "Surely those have disbelieved who said God is the Christ" is a distortion of their belief!

Regarding the Quran (Surah al-Ma'idah) 5:17 They have certainly disbelieved who say that Allāh is Christ, the son of Mary. Say, "Then who could prevent Allāh at all if He had intended to destroy ...
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According to those holding to Chalcedonian theology, how did Jesus increase in wisdom?

In Luke 2:52 it states: And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. Did Jesus, as a young child, deliberately conceal his Divinity by not accessing the epistemological ...
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Technical Nestorianism and quasi-Incarnational Mariology

But why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? [Luke 1:43, NIV] A secondary question in the Chalcedonian/Nestorian debate was whether it was more fitting to refer to Mary as ...
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Do Biblical Unitarians teach a current, "notional", glory of Jesus?

From what I understand, Biblical Unitarians believe that the pre-incarnational existence of Jesus (as trinitarians propose it) is actually a notional existence in the mind of God. In other words, the ...
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Did God's essence enter time and space?

Trinitarians believe that Jesus, who was the Lord in the flesh, entered into time and space. But since Jesus has a divine essence, does this mean that the essence of God entered into time and space?
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Is there Biblical evidence that shows that God developed during the New Testament due to becoming human?

I recently got back into reading the Bible after a long hiatus, especially after a talk with my Grandma regarding religion (I've even ordered a new NLT Bible). I'm a Christian and look at things from ...
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Did God's nature or attributes change by virtue of the Son's incarnation?

The Logos is co-eternal and is God, but the human nature of Jesus was created and lived at a very specific time. Did the experiences God (either the Son or the Godhead as a whole) had as a human ...
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If "God is spirit" then how can the incarnation be possible? How does Nicene theology interpret John 4:24?

Even Jesus, in John 4:24 taught: God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth. yet most Christians, those who accept the Nicene Creed, teach that God became a man as he ...
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How did the Gospel writers know that Mary was a virgin? [closed]

How did the Gospel writers know that Mary was a virgin? Did they ask her directly, consult Roman census records (if they even recorded whether one was a virgin or not), or find out from another source?...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9 (ESV): 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. A related ...
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How do deniers of Jesus preincarnate existence handle all the personal pronouns in John 1, particularly verse10?

John 1:10 says: He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. It is made clear in the context that the "he" who was in the world is the same &...
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Did Christ incarnate primarily to have a mother?

Are there any theologians (e.g., Doctors or Fathers of the Church) who thought that, regardless whether Adam had sinned, Christ still would have incarnated, primarily to have a mother and sanctify her*...
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How do Trinitarians respond to the objection that God cannot be a man based on Hosea 11:9?

Hosea 11:9 (ESV): I will not execute my burning anger; I will not again destroy Ephraim; for I am God and not a man, the Holy One in your midst, and I will not come in wrath. Recently someone ...
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Can Anselm's reasoning for the Incarnation be adapted to the Resurrection?

In Cur Deus Homo, Anselm provides an argument primarily in natural theology (as I understand it, anyway) for the proposition that the divine nature assumed a human nature for itself, without confusion ...
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Do trinitarians believe it would be possible for God to incarnate as a non-human animal? [closed]

Trinitarians believe that God, who is Spirit, could have and did become a human. On the other hand, unitarians tend not to believe that God could have become a human, as it would entail a ...
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What analogies have been suggested for kenosis?

I was trying to represent the word "Kenosis" (Philippians 2:5-8) in a graphic way in order to understand it better. I know it sounds strange, but I imagine this concept as an almost empty ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
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Trinity and incarnation

If the Son does whatever the Father does (John 5:19), does that mean the Father also incarnated for the Son to incarnate?
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Which Christian denominations do NOT believe that Jesus existed prior to his conception?

Basically the title: Which Christian denominations do NOT believe that Jesus existed in some manner before his conception? If there are way too many, a reasonable answer listing the most notable ones ...
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How can Jesus be both root and offspring of David if he was only a man and did not pre-exist his incarnation?

There is a related question here: hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/56196/… We are told in various imagery that Messiah would come in the line of David and be a branch or rod that sprouts ...
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According to Biblical Unitarians, is it theoretically possible for God to incarnate as a human and live a holy and humble life?

For Biblical Unitarians, and from a theoretical standpoint, can God make use of His omnipotence and free will to take on human form and teach us by way of example what it is to live a holy and humble ...
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Theologians who thought Christ incarnated primarily to reveal the doctrine of the Trinity?

Are there any theologians (Doctors or Fathers of the Church) who thought that, regardless whether Adam had sinned, Christ still would have incarnated, primarily to reveal the doctrine of the Trinity?
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus' pre-incarnate existence?

Basically the opposite of this question. What are the most notable biblical passages that believers in the pre-incarnate existence of Jesus resort to to defend their position? How do they usually ...
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If Satan is unable to become incarnate will he possess and control the Antichrist

While doing research into the Antichrist, I came across an article that suggested Satan will possess and control the Antichrist, the first beast that comes out of the sea. Revelation 13:5 says that ...
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According to the Catholicism, what exactly is the meaning of “overshadowed” by the power of the most High in Luke 1:35?

According to the Catholic Church, what exactly is the meaning of “overshadowed” by the power of the most High in Luke 1:35? And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, ...
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Was Jesus superior to man when he was in flesh? [closed]

I was asking myself this, while reading the Pauline epistles, was Jesus on earth able to do miracles or he was a man like us with our limits and depending only on God?
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Does transubstantiation teach that the Son regularly returns physically?

Is Catholicism's accidents and species/transubstantiation teaching that the Son of God, our Lord Jesus Christ, returned or regularly returns physically, with a second, mute, nonhuman, physical ...
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Is Jesus the fullness of the Logos? [closed]

Jesus is the fleshly expression of the logos... The word became flesh. It seems there are other aspects of the logos that are not Jesus. God is always doing things, saying things apart from through ...
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Why don’t Unitarians believe that Jesus Christ pre-existed before incarnation?

I want to ask this again but in a different context. In the context of unitarianism. Why Unitarians do not believe that Jesus Christ is God And why Unitarians do not believe in the pre-existence of ...
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If the Holy Trinity is defined as three distinct faces, people or persons of God, does this not directly contradict the first commandment? [closed]

THOU SHALT HAVE NO OTHER GODS ON MY FACE. One of the most common explanations I've seen floating around in the Internet is a picture: It denotes the 'Godhead'. In my understanding, heads, and ...
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Did the early church teach the person of God the Word changed in the incarnation?

According to early Christianity did the person of God the Word change in the incarnation? Is it considered mutability in the person that change?
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Athanasian Creed: taking of the Manhood into God

The Athanasian Creed was an expression of western Nicene-Chalcedonian belief, including the hypostatic union. But there is one sentence where the intention is not as obvious to me as the rest: ......
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Sin Nature and the Sarx, how can Jesus be sinless if all flesh is evil

Someone asked about sin nature and the answer they were given was that the word Sarx was translated as sin nature? In Greek Sarx just means flesh. So if Jesus came in the Sarx and was sinless how is ...
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Did Jesus have a physical body before his incarnation?

According to the doctrine of the trinity the Son is eternal. Is this in reference to his divine nature only or the physical and divine? If it is both physical and divine, then did the body shrink ...
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Any radical transformation in case of incarnation without fall?

There are some reasons considered by the Catholic Church to assume the Incarnation even without the Fall. Simply speaking, Jesus would come even if Adam and Eve would not have eaten the apple. There ...
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How is the Logos person after incarnation? [closed]

I already searched in case my question has been questioned. But I cannot find it. From this link I read : Question: What does incarnate mean? How was Jesus God incarnate? Answer: The Latin verb ...
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According to Trinitarians, did the human Jesus worship the divine Jesus?

According to Trinitarians, did the human Jesus worship the divine Jesus?
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According to Catholicism, why did God lower Himself so much for the specks of dust like us?

St. Paul said, "It is through suffering that we find strength." St. Augustine said, "My heart is restless until I find abode in You." And not only that God wanted to feel how humans feel the love ...
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Is the incarnation of Jesus permanent, according to reformers like Luther or Calvin?

Before, I thought that by the time Jesus died, that's the end of His incarnation state after He fulfilled His role, spilling His blood for the forgiveness of sins. Below is an article I found in this ...
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If Christ had a complete human nature, how come his human nature wasn't totally depraved as ours is?

I understand the reformed doctrine of total depravity to be that the human nature is such that it is utterly unable to choose to follow God. Another way I've heard it put is that men are by nature ...
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Given that Mormons believe the father has a physical body, what is the significance of the incarnation?

In mainstream Christianity, the incarnation is a really big deal. The idea that the transcendent and ineffable God could enter into creation and become a man is a mind-boggling concept (and provides ...
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Christ is true God and true Man... from when? [closed]

According to the catholic doctrine, Jesus is "true God and true human." That nature of Him was taken in order to redeem the humanity of sin. My question is: Since he is God since all times, did he ...
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How do Seventh Day Adventists understand "a form of [a] God" in Philippians 2:6?

SDA is Trinitarian and believe that Jesus in his preexistence was Michael the archangel. Do they then believe that Jesus' preexistent form was that of an angel all the time or that Michael was a form ...
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What is the biblical basis for Docetism?

Docetism is the belief that Jesus never took a physical, corporeal form, but He was instead solely spiritual in nature. Passages such as 1 John 2:15, Galatians 5:17, and Romans 7:18 could be ...
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What is a "Daud of Sons" as stated in Definition of Faith of the Council of Chalcedon?

In my copy of Readings in World Christian History Volume 1: Earliest Christianity to 1453, edited by John W. Coakley & Andrea Sterk, the 35th text, starting on page 175, entitled "Definition of ...
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How does one reconcile the changelessness of God with Jesus' incarnation? [closed]

The Bible says that God "remains the same" (Ps 102:27), and that "Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever" (Heb 13:8). This seems to mean that he is changeless. However, Jesus was not ...
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According to Trinitarian theology of Calvinism, was the Word (2nd person of the Trinity) missing from heaven when He (the Word) incarnated on Earth?

What I mean with "missing from heaven" is something like this : A. Only the first and the third persons of the Trinity were in heaven because the second person was on Earth. Example: Q : Where is ...
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