Questions tagged [incarnation]

Questions relating to the process by which the Divine became flesh

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1answer
370 views

If “God is spirit” then how can the incarnation be possible? How does Nicene theology interpret John 4:24?

Even Jesus, in John 4:24 taught: God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth. yet most Christians, those who accept the Nicene Creed, teach that God became a man as he ...
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2answers
100 views

How did the Gospel writers know that Mary was a virgin? [closed]

How did the Gospel writers know that Mary was a virgin? Did they ask her directly, consult Roman census records (if they even recorded whether one was a virgin or not), or find out from another source?...
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2answers
205 views

How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9 (ESV): 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. A related ...
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2answers
177 views

How do deniers of Jesus preincarnate existence handle all the personal pronouns in John 1, particularly verse10?

John 1:10 says: He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. It is made clear in the context that the "he" who was in the world is the same &...
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1answer
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Did Christ incarnate primarily to have a mother?

Are there any theologians (e.g., Doctors or Fathers of the Church) who thought that, regardless whether Adam had sinned, Christ still would have incarnated, primarily to have a mother and sanctify her*...
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5answers
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How do Trinitarians respond to the objection that God cannot be a man based on Hosea 11:9?

Hosea 11:9 (ESV): I will not execute my burning anger; I will not again destroy Ephraim; for I am God and not a man, the Holy One in your midst, and I will not come in wrath. Recently someone ...
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0answers
25 views

Can Anselm's reasoning for the Incarnation be adapted to the Resurrection?

In Cur Deus Homo, Anselm provides an argument primarily in natural theology (as I understand it, anyway) for the proposition that the divine nature assumed a human nature for itself, without confusion ...
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1answer
99 views

Do trinitarians believe it would be possible for God to incarnate as a non-human animal? [closed]

Trinitarians believe that God, who is Spirit, could have and did become a human. On the other hand, unitarians tend not to believe that God could have become a human, as it would entail a ...
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2answers
77 views

What analogies have been suggested for kenosis?

I was trying to represent the word "Kenosis" (Philippians 2:5-8) in a graphic way in order to understand it better. I know it sounds strange, but I imagine this concept as an almost empty ...
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1answer
83 views

How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
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Trinity and incarnation

If the Son does whatever the Father does (John 5:19), does that mean the Father also incarnated for the Son to incarnate?
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Which Christian denominations do NOT believe that Jesus existed prior to his conception?

Basically the title: Which Christian denominations do NOT believe that Jesus existed in some manner before his conception? If there are way too many, a reasonable answer listing the most notable ones ...
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1answer
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How can Jesus be both root and offspring of David if he was only a man and did not pre-exist his incarnation?

There is a related question here: hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/56196/… We are told in various imagery that Messiah would come in the line of David and be a branch or rod that sprouts ...
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1answer
86 views

According to Biblical Unitarians, is it theoretically possible for God to incarnate as a human and live a holy and humble life?

For Biblical Unitarians, and from a theoretical standpoint, can God make use of His omnipotence and free will to take on human form and teach us by way of example what it is to live a holy and humble ...
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72 views

Theologians who thought Christ incarnated primarily to reveal the doctrine of the Trinity?

Are there any theologians (Doctors or Fathers of the Church) who thought that, regardless whether Adam had sinned, Christ still would have incarnated, primarily to reveal the doctrine of the Trinity?
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3answers
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus' pre-incarnate existence?

Basically the opposite of this question. What are the most notable biblical passages that believers in the pre-incarnate existence of Jesus resort to to defend their position? How do they usually ...
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2answers
282 views

If Satan is unable to become incarnate will he possess and control the Antichrist

While doing research into the Antichrist, I came across an article that suggested Satan will possess and control the Antichrist, the first beast that comes out of the sea. Revelation 13:5 says that ...
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1answer
146 views

According to the Catholicism, what exactly is the meaning of “overshadowed” by the power of the most High in Luke 1:35?

According to the Catholic Church, what exactly is the meaning of “overshadowed” by the power of the most High in Luke 1:35? And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, ...
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1answer
108 views

Was Jesus superior to man when he was in flesh? [closed]

I was asking myself this, while reading the Pauline epistles, was Jesus on earth able to do miracles or he was a man like us with our limits and depending only on God?
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1answer
96 views

Does transubstantiation teach that the Son regularly returns physically?

Is Catholicism's accidents and species/transubstantiation teaching that the Son of God, our Lord Jesus Christ, returned or regularly returns physically, with a second, mute, nonhuman, physical ...
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Is Jesus the fullness of the Logos? [closed]

Jesus is the fleshly expression of the logos... The word became flesh. It seems there are other aspects of the logos that are not Jesus. God is always doing things, saying things apart from through ...
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2answers
354 views

Why don’t Unitarians believe that Jesus Christ pre-existed before incarnation?

I want to ask this again but in a different context. In the context of unitarianism. Why Unitarians do not believe that Jesus Christ is God And why Unitarians do not believe in the pre-existence of ...
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7answers
448 views

If the Holy Trinity is defined as three distinct faces, people or persons of God, does this not directly contradict the first commandment? [closed]

THOU SHALT HAVE NO OTHER GODS ON MY FACE. One of the most common explanations I've seen floating around in the Internet is a picture: It denotes the 'Godhead'. In my understanding, heads, and ...
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156 views

Did the early church teach the person of God the Word changed in the incarnation?

According to early Christianity did the person of God the Word change in the incarnation? Is it considered mutability in the person that change?
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1answer
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Athanasian Creed: taking of the Manhood into God

The Athanasian Creed was an expression of western Nicene-Chalcedonian belief, including the hypostatic union. But there is one sentence where the intention is not as obvious to me as the rest: ......
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4answers
271 views

Sin Nature and the Sarx, how can Jesus be sinless if all flesh is evil

Someone asked about sin nature and the answer they were given was that the word Sarx was translated as sin nature? In Greek Sarx just means flesh. So if Jesus came in the Sarx and was sinless how is ...
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2answers
643 views

Did Jesus have a physical body before his incarnation?

According to the doctrine of the trinity the Son is eternal. Is this in reference to his divine nature only or the physical and divine? If it is both physical and divine, then did the body shrink ...
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2answers
132 views

Any radical transformation in case of incarnation without fall?

There are some reasons considered by the Catholic Church to assume the Incarnation even without the Fall. Simply speaking, Jesus would come even if Adam and Eve would not have eaten the apple. There ...
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How is the Logos person after incarnation? [closed]

I already searched in case my question has been questioned. But I cannot find it. From this link I read : Question: What does incarnate mean? How was Jesus God incarnate? Answer: The Latin verb ...
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1answer
168 views

According to Trinitarians, did the human Jesus worship the divine Jesus?

According to Trinitarians, did the human Jesus worship the divine Jesus?
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114 views

According to Catholicism, why did God lower Himself so much for the specks of dust like us?

St. Paul said, "It is through suffering that we find strength." St. Augustine said, "My heart is restless until I find abode in You." And not only that God wanted to feel how humans feel the love ...
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2answers
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Is the incarnation of Jesus permanent, according to reformers like Luther or Calvin?

Before, I thought that by the time Jesus died, that's the end of His incarnation state after He fulfilled His role, spilling His blood for the forgiveness of sins. Below is an article I found in this ...
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2answers
370 views

If Christ had a complete human nature, how come his human nature wasn't totally depraved as ours is?

I understand the reformed doctrine of total depravity to be that the human nature is such that it is utterly unable to choose to follow God. Another way I've heard it put is that men are by nature ...
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2answers
270 views

Given that Mormons believe the father has a physical body, what is the significance of the incarnation?

In mainstream Christianity, the incarnation is a really big deal. The idea that the transcendent and ineffable God could enter into creation and become a man is a mind-boggling concept (and provides ...
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2answers
242 views

Christ is true God and true Man… from when? [closed]

According to the catholic doctrine, Jesus is "true God and true human." That nature of Him was taken in order to redeem the humanity of sin. My question is: Since he is God since all times, did he ...
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1answer
376 views

How do Seventh Day Adventists understand “a form of [a] God” in Philippians 2:6?

SDA is Trinitarian and believe that Jesus in his preexistence was Michael the archangel. Do they then believe that Jesus' preexistent form was that of an angel all the time or that Michael was a form ...
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3answers
810 views

What is the biblical basis for Docetism?

Docetism is the belief that Jesus never took a physical, corporeal form, but He was instead solely spiritual in nature. Passages such as 1 John 2:15, Galatians 5:17, and Romans 7:18 could be ...
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What is a “Daud of Sons” as stated in Definition of Faith of the Council of Chalcedon?

In my copy of Readings in World Christian History Volume 1: Earliest Christianity to 1453, edited by John W. Coakley & Andrea Sterk, the 35th text, starting on page 175, entitled "Definition of ...
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3answers
215 views

How does one reconcile the changelessness of God with Jesus' incarnation? [closed]

The Bible says that God "remains the same" (Ps 102:27), and that "Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever" (Heb 13:8). This seems to mean that he is changeless. However, Jesus was not ...
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1answer
258 views

According to Trinitarian theology of Calvinism, was the Word (2nd person of the Trinity) missing from heaven when He (the Word) incarnated on Earth?

What I mean with "missing from heaven" is something like this : A. Only the first and the third persons of the Trinity were in heaven because the second person was on Earth. Example: Q : Where is ...
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1answer
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Have any Christian theologians discussed whether Jesus resembled Joseph?

Mainstream Christians believe that Jesus was the son of God the Father and Mary, a virgin. So my question is, have any Christian theologians discussed whether Jesus only resemble his mother Mary, or ...
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2answers
456 views

Have there been any Christian writings on the genetics of Jesus? [closed]

Mainstream Christians believe that Jesus was the son of God the Father and Mary, a virgin. From a scientific perspective, this means that he would have had no genetic material provided from a male ...
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What is the biblical evidence against a pre-incarnate Jesus?

According to groups that reject Jesus having a pre-incarnate existence, what Biblical evidence do they cite for the position that Jesus, the Messiah, did not exist prior to his conception in Mary's ...
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1answer
916 views

When did Jesus assume human nature?

Did Jesus Christ, the second person of the Trinity, only assume impersonal (anhypostatic) human nature (body and soul), during incarnation, in which he was born of Mary? Or, did he already have human ...
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533 views

Old Testament Evidence of the Hypostatic Union

There are people who don't believe that God can become a man, as we Christians say He did as Jesus. Is there any evidence that God is able to put on flesh in the Old Testament? What logical arguments ...
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1answer
214 views

Did the Father and Holy Spirit become man?

According to Trinitarian theology, the second person of the triune god became man. The second person of the triune god is also fully god, and since there is only one god, the second person of the ...
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1answer
118 views

Texts in Eastern services expressing ideas about the role of woman in child development

I have quite a specific question about the view of ancient Christians on the development of a child. I always assumed, that since the Ephesus Fathers considered being born of human woman as a ...
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2answers
209 views

Is there an explanation in Catholicism as to why it was the Son and not the others of the Blessed Trinity to become man and be crucified for our sake?

According to Catholic faith and theology, once God decreed to save mankind, redemption would be by the work of God-made-man. For us men and for our salvation, he came down from heaven: [...] ...
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5answers
672 views

Please clarify Phil 2:8-9 with reference to the Trinity

In Philippians 2:8-9 we read: He [Jesus] humbled himself in obedience to God and died a criminal’s death on a cross. Therefore, God elevated him to the place of highest honor and gave him the ...
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How would Catholics respond to the theory that Mary was a surrogate mother that had no DNA in common with Jesus?

Did the life transferred to Mary's womb contain unique DNA? Did that remain the case through out the pregnancy? Science tells us that a surrogate host mother of an implanted fertilized egg will have ...