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Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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Atonement in Eastern Orthodoxy

The mainline protestant idea of Atonement is, as Luther himself put it, this: Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification (Romans 3:24–25). He ...
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What explains the similarities in appearance between Jesus and a certain angel?

The primary physical description for Jesus is Revelation 1:13-15. I noticed that this physical description is essentially identical to the angel in Daniel 10:5-6 (unnamed, maybe Gabe). Each is/has: ...
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How can Wisdom be Jesus if Wisdom was created?

Proverbs 8:22 (KJV) The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. Even if you take the stance that Proverbs 8:22 means God possessed me at the beginning (i.e. as opposed ...
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If Christ has all power to perform miracles, how is that that “he could there do no mighty work” save that He healed a few?

If Christ has all power to act upon all his creations, including the sons and daughters of Adam and Eve, I would assume he could never be prohibited from performing miracles for them. Yet in Mark 6:5-...
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A Christian that believe in one God and gives him no image. What kind of Christian is that?

I always believed in One God, with no image( which for me means no mental image of something). Jesus Christ is a prophet from God. I was taught in this way. I was in a Catholic College and I never ...
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How does the view of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints about Jesus Christ differ from Protestant Trinitarian Christology?

The Protestant Trinitarian view of Jesus Christ is that he is the only-begotten Son of God – begotten, not made. He is of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made. He is the Word ...
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How does the Jehovah’s Witness view of who Jesus Christ is differ from Protestant Trinitarian Christology?

The Protestant Trinitarian view of Jesus Christ is that he is the only-begotten Son of God – begotten, not made. He is of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made. He is the Word ...
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Does the Bible ever refer to Jesus Christ as “God”? [duplicate]

I believe Jesus Christ is God and that He is also called God in the Bible. Hebrews 1:8 is always my first choice as the proof of this. Heb. 1:8 says, "But unto the Son He saith, 'Thy throne, O ...
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According to orthodox Trinitarians, why did Jesus respond that only God is good?

18"Why do you call Me good?” Jesus replied. “No one is good except God alone." (Mark 10:18 BSB, Luke 18:19 BSB) How can Jesus be God Himself (and part of the Trinity) when he says "no one is good ...
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Are we sons and daughters of god? [closed]

According to the Bible, are we sons and daughters of god? Please give references from the Bible. If we are sons of god and Jesus is also, so he is our brother, isn't he? Then why not we worship our ...
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According to Jehovah Witnesses, in what way is Jesus human?

From what I understand, Jehovah Witnesses believe in a form of Arianism that claims Jesus is “the son of God”, but he is inferior to “God the Father”, as he is usually understood as “God’s first ...
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How does the Christology of the Baha'i faith differ from that of trinitarian Christianity?

In his letter dated 28 March 1941 addressed to the believers throughout the West, Shoghi Effendi emphasizes: As to the position of Christianity, let it be stated without any hesitation or equivocation ...
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Did Jesus know he was immortal at the time of the crucifixion?

According to the Bible, was Jesus aware of his immortal nature at the time of the crucifixion? Or did he only become aware of it after the Ressurection?
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Is there a biblical basis for the claim that humans are shaped into the God-human Christ?

In Is Transhumanism a Challenge or an Opportunity for the Christian Faith? the following statements are made (emphasis mine): Yet, by painting Transhumanism as an offshoot of atheistic naturalism, ...
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Although Jesus takes away the sins of the world, are God and Jesus still offended by every sin that is committed?

All Christians believe that God sent Jesus to take away the sins of the world because every sin committed by mankind has always been and always will be an offense to God. Although Jesus takes away ...
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Where did Jesus' belief in the devil come from?

In Jn 8:44, Jesus tells some people that their father is the devil. I have read that in Judaism there is no devil, so I was wondering where did Jesus' belief in the devil come from.
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How does Jesus have two wills in light of the rejection of Nestorianism? (Orthodox Trinitarian view)

Related answered questions: Chalcedonianism is a moderate between Nestorianism and Monophysitism?, What does it mean that the two natures of Christ cannot be separated?, and Does the Chalcedonian ...
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Does the Chalcedonian Definition mean Christ has two minds?

In the seventh century two Christological doctrines were determined to be un-orthodox and in contradiction to the Chalcedonian Definition: that Christ has one "energy", and then that Christ has one ...
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According to Trinitarians, did the human Jesus worship the divine Jesus?

According to Trinitarians, did the human Jesus worship the divine Jesus?
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According to Catholicism, why did God lower Himself so much for the specks of dust like us?

St. Paul said, "It is through suffering that we find strength." St. Augustine said, "My heart is restless until I find abode in You." And not only that God wanted to feel how humans feel the love ...
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Why don't many Christians follow this: “ For all the law is fulfilled in one word… Love thy neighbour as thyself.” - Galatians 5:14 [closed]

The Whole Law is fulfilled in One Commandment but they still promote religious traditions and call homosexuality a sin. There have been wars in Christianity, judgments, persecutions. How many ...
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What is the difference between Jesus “resurrected body” and Mary's “glorified body”?

Jesus is Ascended into Heaven with a "resurrected body". Mary was Assumed into Heaven with a "glorified body? Revelation 21:27 "Nothing defiled shall enter the Kingdom..." I put a question ...
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What is the meaning when Jesus said “I commend my spirit” in Luke 23:46?

Then Jesus called out in a loud voice, “Father, into Your hands I commit My Spirit.” And when He had said this, He breathed His last.(Luke 23:46) The Catholic Church teaches the Jesus Christ was True ...
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How would miaphysites approach the question of monothelitism versus dyothelitism?

I realize that monothelitism arose in the context of Chalcedonian dyophysitism, and that non-Chalcedonians have not been forced to deal with the distinction of monothelitism versus dyothelitism ...
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How does Jesus' pre-incarnational existence relate to oneness pentecostalist godhead doctrine?

I've watched a few Youtube debates on trinitarianism vs unitarianism and the trinitarian apologists invariably try to prove Jesus "backwards" eternality (that he existed before the incarnation). But ...
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Is the incarnation of Jesus permanent, according to reformers like Luther or Calvin?

Before, I thought that by the time Jesus died, that's the end of His incarnation state after He fulfilled His role, spilling His blood for the forgiveness of sins. Below is an article I found in this ...
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How do those who reject the deity of Christ understand the 'sameness of honor' in John 5?

John 5:21-23 (DRB) For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and giveth life: so the Son also giveth life to whom he will.1 22 For neither doth the Father judge any man, but hath given all judgment to ...
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Herod great and Jesus birth death dates [duplicate]

If Herod the great died 4 bc And Jesus was born 2 bc How is explained that Herod great was alive at the time of Jesus birth Perhaps I have my dates wrong yet they are what I found on internet ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses understand Hebrews 1?

Hebrews 1:4–14 contrasts Jesus with the angels. How do groups like Jehovah's Witnesses, who see him as an angel, understand these verses?
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Mark 1:1–3?

Mark 1:1–3 from the NWT reads: The beginning of the good news about Jesus Christ, the Son of God: Just as it is written in Isaiah the prophet: “(Look! I am sending my messenger ahead of you,* who ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Paul's apparent equating of Yahweh and Jesus in Romans 10?

Recently I was listening to a lecture by Reformed theologian Robert Cara, in which he mentioned how frequently NT writers connect and apply OT Yahweh references to Jesus. A number of examples could ...
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How do those who believe the Son is not Almighty God interpret Revelation 2:23?

To me, the deity of Christ is seen all throughout Revelation, and for that matter, the Gospels (e.g. John 1:1) and Epistles, and all of Scripture, but for the purposes of the question, how do those ...
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Isn't Israel the firstborn Son of the Lord?

We read in Exodus 4:22 that the people Israel are God's firstborn son: "Then you shall say to Pharaoh, 'Thus says the LORD, "Israel is My son, My firstborn. (NASB) So now, how can Jesus be the ...
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(LDS view) Do animals have a possibility to eternal life and is this dependent on Jesus atonoment applied to them?

This is my other question that was inspired by what a quotation in this other question says about pre-existence prior to conception. The highest rated answer quotes from The Encyclopedia of Mormonism,...
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Can orthodox Trinitarians say, “God died on the cross”?

In the council of Ephesus (431 A.D.) the question of whether or not Jesus' mother Mary should be referred to as the "Mother of God" or the "Mother of Christ" was debated. On the orthodox (Mother of ...
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For those who deny the Immaculate Conception, why did Jesus not have original sin?

The Westminster Confession (8:2) says Jesus is of the substance of Mary: The Son of God, the second person of the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance and equal with the Father, ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Paul's apparent equating of Yahweh and Jesus in Ephesians 4?

Recently I was listening to a lecture by Reformed theologian Robert Cara, in which he mentioned how frequently NT writers connect and apply OT Yahweh references to Jesus. A number of examples could ...
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If Christ had a complete human nature, how come his human nature wasn't totally depraved as ours is?

I understand the reformed doctrine of total depravity to be that the human nature is such that it is utterly unable to choose to follow God. Another way I've heard it put is that men are by nature ...
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Is there any theological tradition holding that soon after being born, baby Jesus was full of wisdom because this baby is God?

Is there a doctrine that teaches that the baby Jesus was full of wisdom—realizing that he can do anything and doesn't need anything because he knows he is God? If so, what theological traditions hold ...
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Why is Christ often shown with long hair in Christian iconography?

A friend of mine is Catholic and she has an icon or picture of Christ. It shows him with long, dark brown hair. Is there anything in the New Testament that justifies this representation? It seems to ...
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Given that Mormons believe the father has a physical body, what is the significance of the incarnation?

In mainstream Christianity, the incarnation is a really big deal. The idea that the transcendent and ineffable God could enter into creation and become a man is a mind-boggling concept (and provides ...
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Christ is true God and true Man… from when? [closed]

According to the catholic doctrine, Jesus is "true God and true human." That nature of Him was taken in order to redeem the humanity of sin. My question is: Since he is God since all times, did he ...
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How do Seventh Day Adventists understand “a form of [a] God” in Philippians 2:6?

SDA is Trinitarian and believe that Jesus in his preexistence was Michael the archangel. Do they then believe that Jesus' preexistent form was that of an angel all the time or that Michael was a form ...
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Why could not Mary Magdalene touch the resurrected body of Jesus?

In John 20:17 it is written that, when Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene after resurrection, He says to her: Do not touch me, for I am not yet ascended to my Father However, Jesus does tell to other ...
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Is Deism in Christianity possible? If so, what does it look like?

In short, Deism is more or less that God exists but has not really an interaction with humanity. He just gave a set of natural laws by which he governs people. Now, Jesus came to Earth as the ...
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What is the biblical basis for Docetism?

Docetism is the belief that Jesus never took a physical, corporeal form, but He was instead solely spiritual in nature. Passages such as 1 John 2:15, Galatians 5:17, and Romans 7:18 could be ...
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Why did Jesus not share the meanings of the parables? MARK 4:34 [duplicate]

In Mark 4:34 it says: "He did not say anything to them without using a parable. But when He was alone with his own disciples, he explained everything." (NIV) My question is this: why did Jesus not ...
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What is a “Daud of Sons” as stated in Definition of Faith of the Council of Chalcedon?

In my copy of Readings in World Christian History Volume 1: Earliest Christianity to 1453, edited by John W. Coakley & Andrea Sterk, the 35th text, starting on page 175, entitled "Definition of ...
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What is an overview of different denominations' beliefs about how Jesus Christ performed miracles? (By the Holy Spirit or by something else?) [closed]

for to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, to another the word of knowledge through the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healings by the same ...
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How do trinitarians interpret John 8:58?

In John 8:58 Yeshua says: Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. (KJV) If I'm not misunderstanding, and based on commentaries I've read, trinitarians ...