Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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In what way is Jesus different from other sons of God according to Biblical Unitarians?

There are other questions regarding this topic from different perspectives. What is different about Jesus compared to other 'sons of God' from a Biblical Unitarian perspective?
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In what way is Jesus the "Son of God" different from the other "son/sons of God" in the Bible?

The Bible uses the phrase "son of God" or "sons of God" many times. This same phrase has also been used to refer to Jesus Christ. Therefore, can we deduce from the phrase itself ...
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What does a person need to believe about Jesus in order to be saved into God's family?

The Bible teaches about Jesus of Nazareth many things. It teaches that Jesus was born to a virgin. It teaches that he was without sin yet suffered, died, and rose again for us. It also teaches that ...
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According to those holding to Chalcedonian theology, how did Jesus increase in wisdom?

In Luke 2:52 it states: And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. Did Jesus, as a young child, deliberately conceal his Divinity by not accessing the epistemological ...
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From a non-Trinitarian perspective, how would you, from the Bible, defend the view that the Son is eternally subordinate to the Father?

See below for a more precise definition of the question. Two Views among Evangelicals Ted Peters says that if anything, contemporary mainline Protestant and Roman Catholic trinitarian thinking is “...
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Core teaching of Christianity [duplicate]

I would like to know what is the core principle/teaching of Christianity in one or two (not strictly) lines. I come from a Hindu background. So, in Hinduism, it says everything came from Brahman which ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is “not” required for salvation?

What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is not required for salvation? The Athanasian Creed states "And in this Trinity, no one is before or after, greater or less than ...
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Where does the OT predict the Son of man?

Jesus referred to things written about the Son of man, including His death and resurrection: "All things which are written through the prophets about the Son of Man will be accomplished. For He ...
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If Jesus was God (the famous John 1:1), why was He exalted to a higher position?

I was a trinitian, until I discussed with JW. I still believe in Trinity cause there're many verses back this up(including Mat 28:19) But I wondered According to Phil 2:9 and some other verses. Jesus ...
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Did God's essence enter time and space?

Trinitarians believe that Jesus, who was the Lord in the flesh, entered into time and space. But since Jesus has a divine essence, does this mean that the essence of God entered into time and space?
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Did Jesus ever ask for Humanity to Worship him? [duplicate]

Did Jesus ever ask for Humanity to Worship him?
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What meaning would Philippians 2:9 have if Jesus is equal with God? Was Jesus praised for not seizing equality with himself?

Philippians 2:6-9 ASV 6 who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped 7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the ...
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What is the biblical basis for the notional/ideal pre-existence of Jesus, as opposed to an actual pre-existence?

Some Christians -- especially Biblical Unitarians -- believe that Jesus only pre-existed notionally/ideally in God's mind prior to his conception in Mary's womb (just like any other human being), ...
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Do Biblical Unitarians view John 1:14 and Philippians 2:5-8 as two complementary descriptions of the same event?

John 1:14 (YLT): 14 And the Word became flesh, and did tabernacle among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only begotten of a father, full of grace and truth. Philippians 2:5-8 (YLT): 5 ...
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How do non-trinitarians explain Isaiah 43:11 taking into account its immediate context?

11“I, only I, am the LORD, And there is no savior besides Me. The OT especially has a strong emphasis on there being only one God, Yahweh, and there are only a few scattered and cryptic references to ...
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Is it Biblical to say that Jesus is God? [duplicate]

It seems that many Christians have a certain reluctance to say that "Jesus is God". There seems to even be some reticence about it in the New Testament, and he is usually described, even by ...
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According to Chalcedonian theology, did Jesus retain his human nature after his ascension, or did he return to being only divine?

The Epistle of Diognetes, regarded by some to be the earliest example of Christian apologetics, establishes Jesus’ divine role as Creator and even goes as far as to call him God. “As a king sends ...
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
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Which verses of the NT explicitly state that Jesus was born with a human mind in a human body?

We read in Phil 2: 5-7 : Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited, but emptied ...
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Does the phrasing in Nicene Creed cast doubt on the eternality of The Son of God?

The Nicene creed phrase “God of God” or “God from God” refers to The Word, Jesus. It seems that being of or from God indicates a beginning. Jesus,The Word,would not thus be eternally existing. How do ...
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Do Latter-day Saints consider Jehovah's Witnesses, Biblical Unitarians and any other groups that deny the divinity of Jesus to be 'true Christians'?

Is belief in the divinity of Jesus an essential feature of a true Christian, according to Latter-day Saints? If so, would that imply that Christian denominations or groups that deny the divinity of ...
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What does the Chalcedonian Creed mean by person?

The creed says: the distinction of natures being by no means taken away by the union, but rather the property of each nature being preserved, and concurring in one Person and one Subsistence, not ...
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus not being the logos in John 1:1-3?

1In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God. 2he was in the beginning with God. 3All things came into being through him, and without him not even one thing came ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians respond to translations of Hebrews 1:8 which have God calling the Son 'God'?

A typical translation of Hebrews 1:8 is "But about the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever, and justice is the scepter of Your kingdom." (Berean Study Bible) The 'He'...
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How do Biblical Unitarians respond to passages like 2 Peter 1:1 and Titus 2:13, which seem to call Jesus 'God'?

2 Peter 1:1 says "Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours" (...
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus having one nature only, a human nature?

To be perfectly clear, by Jesus having a human nature, it must be remembered that he is, and was, at all times, without sin. He was made like us in every way, so the only difference would seem to be ...
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus having two natures?

A comment by Nigel: The dual nature of Jesus Christ is such that Deity and humanity meet in one Person. The natures neither mingle, nor merge, nor 'switch'. They are two distinct things. They meet ...
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What answer did Arius and Eusebius have to Melchisedec being a representative likeness having ‘no beginning of days’ (Hebrews 7:3)?

Origen of Alexandria 184-253 taught that the relationship between the Father and the Son was one of an ‘eternal begetting’ but Arius 256-336 argued that ‘the Logos had a beginning and that the Son, ...
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How do Trinitarians understand what Jesus said in the garden of Gethsemane?

Let me preface this by saying that I don't assume the Trinitarian viewpoint is any more or less reasonable than any other, this is a question out of curiosity brought up by things I read in another ...
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What is the Biblical basis that Jesus could sin?

We have many scriptures about Jesus' humanity. Several specific verses about his total dependence on the Father, his God, for all his needs, his words and his ability to perform miracles etc. Jesus ...
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According to Trinitarians, is Jesus the begotten Son of God the Father, or the begotten Son of God?

A typical translation of a line from the Nicene Creed from the First Council of Constantinople (381) is "And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father" ...
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What is an overview of how different denominations interpret Colossians 1:15 - that Jesus is "the firstborn of all creation"?

Jesus is called the firstborn multiple times. In Colossians 1:15-20 (ESV): 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. 16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9 (ESV): 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. A related ...
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Do Biblical Unitarians believe that Christians can pray to Jesus and, if so, that he can answer a prayer in which he is asked about his divinity?

I personally believe that there are biblical grounds for praying to Jesus (e.g. this and this), and, as far as I'm aware, many Christians believe the same. However, I'm currently in ignorance with ...
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How do Trinitarians explain Jesus' response to the scribes and Pharisees at Luke 5:20-24?

Luke 5:20-24 has Jesus forgiving the sins of a paralyzed man. "When Jesus saw their faith, He said, “Friend, your sins are forgiven.” 21 But the scribes and Pharisees began thinking to ...
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According to Trinitarians, are the Jews correct at John 5:18 in claiming Jesus is "making Himself equal with God"?

John 5:18 says "Because of this, the Jews tried all the harder to kill Him. Not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God." ...
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How do believers in Jesus' deity explain that Jesus is never claimed to be God/divine in the Old Roman Creed and the Didache?

In an answer to a previous question of mine, a user argued against the historicity of the belief in the divinity of Jesus in the early stages of Christianity, by pointing out the fact that Jesus is ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians contextually explain Thomas' exclamation at John 20:28?

John 20:28 has Thomas saying "My Lord and my God!" For Trinitarians, this line is fairly straightforward - Thomas is recognizing that Jesus is not just Lord but also God. How do Biblical ...
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How is the resurrected Jesus related to the Trinity?

The Doctrine of the Trinity is affirmed by the Catholic Church and more in general by the large majority of Christian denominations, Orthodox, "mainline" Protestant etc., with some relevant ...
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How do Trinitarians understand Peter's response to Jesus at Matthew 16:16?

At Matthew 16:15-17, Jesus asks his disciples who they think he is, and Peter responds. "“Who do you say I am?” 16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” 17 Jesus ...
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How do deniers of the personal pre-incarnate existence of the Son of God interpret John 3:31-32?

He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all. And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth; and ...
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How do Trinitarians respond to syllogistic arguments against the divinity of Jesus?

In a previous question in which I asked for evidence of early Christians denying the divinity of Jesus, a user posted an answer that, among other things, presents sixteen very interesting syllogistic ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians interpret Malachi 3:1-5?

Malachi 3:1-5 (ESV): “Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you ...
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How do Trinitarians understand what it means for Jesus to grow 'in favor' with God?

Luke 2:52 says "And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man." (Berean Study Bible) From a unitarian perspective, the idea that Jesus, who is a man, grew in favour ...
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What is an overview of the early Church's viewpoints on Christology at the time of the Apostolic Era?

What were the beliefs of the early Church regarding the nature of Jesus during the Apostolic Era? By Apostolic Era, I mean the time of the Apostles and their immediate successors who knew them ...
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Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians denying the divinity of Jesus during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

I'm essentially asking the counter-question to this one. Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians (post-New Testament) openly denying the divinity of Jesus in the 1st and 2nd ...
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What analogies have been suggested for kenosis?

I was trying to represent the word "Kenosis" (Philippians 2:5-8) in a graphic way in order to understand it better. I know it sounds strange, but I imagine this concept as an almost empty ...
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus' eternal pre-existence (as opposed to having been created a long time ago)?

I know that many verses can be cited to argue for Jesus' pre-mortal existence (e.g. here). I'm also perfectly aware that a question asking for the biblical basis for Jesus being God incarnate has ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
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Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the divinity of Jesus?

Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the divinity of Jesus? What about the first century? What about the second century (and so on)? Was the belief in the divinity of ...

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