Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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According to Trinitarian theologians, why is Christ distinguished from God at 1 Corinthians 11:3 as a man is distinguished from Christ?

1 Corinthians 11:3 is But I want you to understand that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God. It seems we have 3 distinct beings in the ...
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Did the early church believe that Jesus was uncreated?

Among the early church there was a dispute on the nature of Christ, with some Christians claiming that Jesus was not only God but was uncreated and some like Arius believing that Jesus Christ was ...
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Which nature of Christ said “My Father is greater than I” (John 14:28)?

Jesus said, “My Father is greater than I” (John 14:28). It would be a ridiculous thing for a mere human being to say this. This statement, therefore, seems to argue against a ‘mere man’ interpretation ...
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What is the earliest commentary on John 20:28?

Thomas' statement at John 20:28 "Thomas replied, “My Lord and my God!”" Ἀπεκρίθη Θωμᾶς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ “Ὁ Κύριός μου καὶ ὁ Θεός μου.” has been the subject of significantly different ...
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What is the biblical basis for the doctrine of Hypostatic Union?

I have heard, during my entire Christian life, that "Jesus was both fully God and fully man". What is the biblical basis for this claim, in particular the "fully man" part of this ...
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What is the difference between the way Catholics view The Blessed Virgin Mary and Unitarians view Jesus?

Reading chats and posts and such here with our BU friends I've noticed a thread that seems similar to the way Catholics view The Blessed Virgin Mary and Unitarians view Jesus. It seems like in both ...
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How do those who hold Jesus = God in the Trinitarian sense account for Paul's reticence to state this clearly and consistently?

At the end of his letter to the Ephesians, St. Paul says (Ephesians 6:19-20) Pray also for me, that whenever I open my mouth, words may be given me so that I will boldly make known the mystery of the ...
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How does the Church of East view the Passion of Christ?

What is the understanding of the (Assyrian or Ancient) Church of the East on the Passion, considering their unique Christological doctrine? Do they believe that God suffered on the cross?
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How do Biblical Unitarians deal with the fact that the early church accepted the divinity of Christ?

This question is slightly related to How do Unitarians respond to quotations from Ignatius of Antioch that seem to show Ignatius believes Jesus is God? but I think I am presenting a unique challenge. ...
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How do non-Trinitarian denominations perceive supposed contradictions between John 1:1 vs John 1:14?

John 1:14 is generally used to say that "God" became "flesh" based on the understanding that "the Word" addressed in John 1:1 refers to God. However, other texts of ...
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Can you help me solve this theological puzzle over John 1:14?

John 1:14 is generally used to say that "God" became "flesh" based on the understanding that "the Word" addressed in John 1:1 refers to God. However, several other texts ...
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Why Jesus said that the God abandoned Him?

This is one of the most common questions of someone who starts reading the Bible. I found a lot of explanations, however, none of them is really creating a reasonable answer for why Jesus said that. ...
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According to those who hold that the Word at John 1:1 is a person, how do they explain 1 John 1:1 using 'that' instead of 'who' for the Word?

John 1:1 is In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. Many Christians believe that the Word here = a person (Jesus, or the second person of the Trinity), and ...
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According to the concept of a triune god, Why doesn't Jesus know everything? [duplicate]

Matthew 24:36 But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only. Why doesn't Jesus know everything like his God and Father?
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How do Biblical Unitarians interpret Isaiah 9:6?

Unlike Jehovah's Witnesses, BUs don't have a conception of lesser "gods". Given this, how do they interpret Isaiah 9:6, which calls Jesus the following titles: For a child will be born for ...
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How do those who believe Jesus was eternally the Son explain Jesus being chosen?

Luke 9:35 is And a voice came from the cloud, saying, “This is My Son, whom I have chosen. Listen to Him!” The concept of 'choosing' entails a chronological sequence of events, where one is ...
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How do Christians respond to the criticism that Jesus of Nazareth did not bring world peace?

One criticism I've heard of Christianity repeatedly by devout Jews is that Jesus of Nazareth did not usher in a time of peace - there are still wars, internal strife, and so on. Here is an example, ...
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What are the arguments in favour of the 'beginning' at John 1:1 being the old beginning?

The standard reading of John 1:1 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." is that the beginning - ἀρχῇ (archē) - refers to the old beginning, i.e., ...
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How do Trinitarians explain that Jesus himself claims He is a man who has heard things from God at John 8:40?

In Acts 2:22, St. Peter says "Fellow Israelites, listen to this! Jesus of Nazareth was a man who had God's approval." I have asked about this particular line here. Similarly, Jesus himself ...
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How do Trinitarians understand the phrase 'image of God' as in Colossians 1:15?

Colossians 1:15-20 is often cited by Trinitarians as evidence that Jesus is God, because they tend to believe it is describing Jesus as creating all thing and holding all things together in an ...
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omniscience of God the Son in Matthew 24:36 [duplicate]

How do those Christians who believe that Jesus is God and equal to God the Father explain out the following verse: "But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor ...
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Do Trinitarians believe Jesus has (or had) two centres of consciousness?

I recently read a pastor talking about how while Jesus was a baby in the manger, he was simultaneously keeping the entire universe running. Yet a baby consciousness is very different, presumably, from ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians explain 1 Timothy 3:16, which says "God was manifest in the flesh"?

1 Timothy 3:16 seems like a pretty straightforward knock-out punch for Trinitarianism. "And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh[.]" (KJB) ...
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2 answers
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Is Jesus presently seated on a throne?

We often say or sing that Jesus is currently enthroned in heaven or seated on His throne in heaven. However, does Jesus instead teach that He won't sit on His throne before the Second Coming (Matt. 19:...
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How do those who deny Jesus' pre-existence explain the large number of verses suggesting it?

Some hold that Jesus did not have literal pre-existence. How do those who believe this then exegetically reconcile it with passages such as John 3:13 "No one has ascended into heaven except the ...
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What is the biblical basis for typology between Moses and Jesus?

Does there exist a typology between Moses and Jesus Christ? My friend is a Roman Catholic and said that Jesus is the new Moses, is this true and if so what biblical evidence exists for this?
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How do those who interpret John 10:30 as a claim to full divine equality by Jesus also interpret John 10:29, which says the Father is greater?

John 10:30 is a common proof-text for Trinitarians and others who assert Jesus' equality with the Father. It is "I and the Father are one." at which the hostile Jews around him pick up ...
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Who is the earliest theologian arguing for a 'memorial ordinance' theory of the Eucharist as opposed to a 'real presence sacramental' one?

The Catholic, Orthodox, and some Protestant denominations hold to an idea of the 'real presence' when it comes to the Eucharist. Catholics understand this in terms of 'transubstantiation', Orthodox ...
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Have any prominent theologians or Biblical academics argued that the original Eucharistic meals contained psychoactive properties beyond normal wine?

Brian Muraresku's The Immortality Key argues that the original Eucharistic meal contained psychoactive ingredients that facilitated certain kinds of experiences. He cites in particular John 6:55 &...
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How do Biblical Unitarians explain Daniel 7:13's use of the phrase 'like the son of man'?

Daniel 7:13 is "In my vision in the night I continued to watch, and I saw One like the Son of Man coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into His ...
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What are our options for how Jesus pre-existed at John 8:58?

There are multiple options for how to translate John 8:58, but a typical one is "before Abraham was born, I am!" (Berean Study Bible) Although 'ego eimi' used in this sort of grammatical ...
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How do Trinitarians who argue the 'ego eimi' at John 8:58 ought to be translated 'I AM' explain the lack of reactions to the same phrase?

At John 8:58, Jesus says "Before Abraham was born, I am the one." (REV) The Greek is πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί Because the Jews then pick up stones, some Trinitarians believe there is ...
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How do people who say Jesus did not exist prior to his birth interpret Philippians 2:7? [duplicate]

Philippians 2:7: but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. In this passage, we see that Jesus “emptied himself” and became a servant. But this seems ...
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According to Trinitarians, does Tuggy get Jesus' argument at John 10:33-36 right?

Dale Tuggy, a Biblical Unitarian, more formally presents Jesus' argument at John 10:34-36. "34 Jesus replied, “Is it not written in your Law: ‘I have said you are gods’? 35 If he called them ...
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Has any trinitarian these days ever come across an argument for proof of the deity of Christ that goes like this:

If X saves, X must be God. Jesus saves. Therefore, Jesus must be God. All the trinitarian books / articles / sermons I’ve ever come across have never attempted such a simplistic way of reasoning ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians rebut the following soteriological syllogism for the deity of Christ?

The argument If X saves, X must be God. Jesus saves. Therefore, Jesus must be God. Question According to Biblical Unitarians, what's wrong with this argument? Related questions Has any trinitarian ...
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According to the Catholic Church, is Jesus a man, or does He rather have a human nature without being a man?

According to the Catholic Church, is Jesus 'a man' properly speaking, or it is more correct to say He has a human nature while not being a man? For example, would it be true to say "Jesus is a ...
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What is the scriptural basis for the belief that a man is not capable of being the Saviour?

Mike Borden provides a thought-provoking answer to the question According to the Protestant denominations that hold to the doctrine of clarity of scripture, is Trinitarianism clear?. He says that ...
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How do those who hold Trinitarian doctrine existed from the earliest days of the church explain the lack of debate about it in the New Testament?

Jeff Deuble in Christ Before Creeds says (p. 33-34) The significant controversies about the Messiah that were strongly contested in the New Testament were: his death by crucifixion, his resurrection, ...
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According to Catholic Christology, is Dr. Craig’s view of Jesus’ knowledge heretical?

I was recently listening to an interview in which William Lane Craig argued that Jesus of Nazareth could not know something, but the divine logos (the second person of the trinity) could know ...
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Question about Psalm 2 (You are my Son, today I have begotten you)

Christians have understood Psalm 2:7 as a reference to Jesus as the begotten Son of God. But how could this be if Psalm 2 is God speaking to the King of Israel? The response is typically that this ...
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Is Jesus the only son of God?

I am a new Christian and I am reading the Bible. I have the following question: About the "son of God" that has been mentioned in chapter 8 verse 14 of Romans, how can a person be "led&...
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According to Biblical Unitarians, how much does "notionalism" encompass in John's prologue?

The Biblical Unitarian (BU) perspective on the pre-incarnational existence of the Son of God, revealed in such verses as John 1:1-2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the ...
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According to Biblical Unitarians, what does it mean for Jesus to be the Son of God?

I am curious to hear what the term “Son of God” means to a Biblical Unitarian when it applies to Jesus.
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1 answer
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According to Trinitarianism, how many wills are involved re God? [duplicate]

A fairly straightforward question. For unitarian Christians, God has one will. Jesus is a man, and has His own will. That will is in alignment with God's (despite temptation and a real possibility He ...
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Is the hymn "I Gave My Life For Thee" inaccurate?

The hymn I Gave My Life For Thee has the following verse (emphasis added): My Father's house of light, My glory-circled throne I left for earthly night, For wanderings sad and lone It appears to ...
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According to Catholic Tradition: Was Jesus a Genius?

According to Catholic Tradition: Was Jesus a Genius? Did He possess at least a 21st century education of the world and of science? For instance, if He had the tools and He wanted to, could He perform ...
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Is there a contradiction between 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 and Daniel 7:13-14, Luke 1:33, and Ephesians 1:21?

1 Corinthians 15:24-28 states that Jesus will reign only until all enemies have been placed under His feet, at which point He will hand everything to the Father and subject Himself to Him. then comes ...
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Is the Hypostatic Union a contradiction?

The law of noncontradictions states that two contradictory positions cannot be true at the same time in the same sense (e. g. the two propositions "p is the case" and "p is not the case&...
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According to believers in the deity of Christ, is the historical evidence for this belief as strong as the historial evidence for the Biblical canon?

I ask this question as a follow-up to For Christians who are skeptical of the writings of the Apostolic & Ante-Nicene Fathers, what is their epistemological basis for trusting a canon?. I highly ...
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