Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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What is the biblical basis for typology between Moses and Jesus?

Does there exist a typology between Moses and Jesus Christ? My friend is a Roman Catholic and said that Jesus is the new Moses, is this true and if so what biblical evidence exists for this?
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How do those who interpret John 10:30 as a claim to full divine equality by Jesus also interpret John 10:29, which says the Father is greater?

John 10:30 is a common proof-text for Trinitarians and others who assert Jesus' equality with the Father. It is "I and the Father are one." at which the hostile Jews around him pick up ...
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Who is the earliest theologian arguing for a 'memorial ordinance' theory of the Eucharist as opposed to a 'real presence sacramental' one?

The Catholic, Orthodox, and some Protestant denominations hold to an idea of the 'real presence' when it comes to the Eucharist. Catholics understand this in terms of 'transubstantiation', Orthodox ...
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Have any prominent theologians or Biblical academics argued that the original Eucharistic meals contained psychoactive properties beyond normal wine?

Brian Muraresku's The Immortality Key argues that the original Eucharistic meal contained psychoactive ingredients that facilitated certain kinds of experiences. He cites in particular John 6:55 &...
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How do Biblical Unitarians explain Daniel 7:13's use of the phrase 'like the son of man'?

Daniel 7:13 is "In my vision in the night I continued to watch, and I saw One like the Son of Man coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into His ...
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What are our options for how Jesus pre-existed at John 8:58?

There are multiple options for how to translate John 8:58, but a typical one is "before Abraham was born, I am!" (Berean Study Bible) Although 'ego eimi' used in this sort of grammatical ...
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How do Trinitarians who argue the 'ego eimi' at John 8:58 ought to be translated 'I AM' explain the lack of reactions to the same phrase?

At John 8:58, Jesus says "Before Abraham was born, I am the one." (REV) The Greek is πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί Because the Jews then pick up stones, some Trinitarians believe there is ...
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How do people who say Jesus did not exist prior to his birth interpret Philippians 2:7? [duplicate]

Philippians 2:7: but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. In this passage, we see that Jesus “emptied himself” and became a servant. But this seems ...
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According to Trinitarians, does Tuggy get Jesus' argument at John 10:33-36 right?

Dale Tuggy, a Biblical Unitarian, more formally presents Jesus' argument at John 10:34-36. "34 Jesus replied, “Is it not written in your Law: ‘I have said you are gods’? 35 If he called them ...
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Has any trinitarian these days ever come across an argument for proof of the deity of Christ that goes like this:

If X saves, X must be God. Jesus saves. Therefore, Jesus must be God. All the trinitarian books / articles / sermons I’ve ever come across have never attempted such a simplistic way of reasoning ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians rebut the following soteriological syllogism for the deity of Christ?

The argument If X saves, X must be God. Jesus saves. Therefore, Jesus must be God. Question According to Biblical Unitarians, what's wrong with this argument? Related questions Has any trinitarian ...
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According to the Catholic Church, is Jesus a man, or does He rather have a human nature without being a man?

According to the Catholic Church, is Jesus 'a man' properly speaking, or it is more correct to say He has a human nature while not being a man? For example, would it be true to say "Jesus is a ...
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What is the scriptural basis for the belief that a man is not capable of being the Saviour?

Mike Borden provides a thought-provoking answer to the question According to the Protestant denominations that hold to the doctrine of clarity of scripture, is Trinitarianism clear?. He says that ...
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How do those who hold Trinitarian doctrine existed from the earliest days of the church explain the lack of debate about it in the New Testament?

Jeff Deuble in Christ Before Creeds says (p. 33-34) The significant controversies about the Messiah that were strongly contested in the New Testament were: his death by crucifixion, his resurrection, ...
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According to Catholic Christology, is Dr. Craig’s view of Jesus’ knowledge heretical?

I was recently listening to an interview in which William Lane Craig argued that Jesus of Nazareth could not know something, but the divine logos (the second person of the trinity) could know ...
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Question about Psalm 2 (You are my Son, today I have begotten you)

Christians have understood Psalm 2:7 as a reference to Jesus as the begotten Son of God. But how could this be if Psalm 2 is God speaking to the King of Israel? The response is typically that this ...
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Is Jesus the only son of God?

I am a new Christian and I am reading the Bible. I have the following question: About the "son of God" that has been mentioned in chapter 8 verse 14 of Romans, how can a person be "led&...
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According to Biblical Unitarians, how much does "notionalism" encompass in John's prologue?

The Biblical Unitarian (BU) perspective on the pre-incarnational existence of the Son of God, revealed in such verses as John 1:1-2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the ...
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According to Biblical Unitarians, what does it mean for Jesus to be the Son of God?

I am curious to hear what the term “Son of God” means to a Biblical Unitarian when it applies to Jesus.
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According to Trinitarianism, how many wills are involved re God? [duplicate]

A fairly straightforward question. For unitarian Christians, God has one will. Jesus is a man, and has His own will. That will is in alignment with God's (despite temptation and a real possibility He ...
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Is the hymn "I Gave My Life For Thee" inaccurate?

The hymn I Gave My Life For Thee has the following verse (emphasis added): My Father's house of light, My glory-circled throne I left for earthly night, For wanderings sad and lone It appears to ...
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According to Catholic Tradition: Was Jesus a Genius?

According to Catholic Tradition: Was Jesus a Genius? Did He possess at least a 21st century education of the world and of science? For instance, if He had the tools and He wanted to, could He perform ...
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Is there a contradiction between 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 and Daniel 7:13-14, Luke 1:33, and Ephesians 1:21?

1 Corinthians 15:24-28 states that Jesus will reign only until all enemies have been placed under His feet, at which point He will hand everything to the Father and subject Himself to Him. then comes ...
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Is the Hypostatic Union a contradiction?

The law of noncontradictions states that two contradictory positions cannot be true at the same time in the same sense (e. g. the two propositions "p is the case" and "p is not the case&...
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According to believers in the deity of Christ, is the historical evidence for this belief as strong as the historial evidence for the Biblical canon?

I ask this question as a follow-up to For Christians who are skeptical of the writings of the Apostolic & Ante-Nicene Fathers, what is their epistemological basis for trusting a canon?. I highly ...
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On what basis do some Protestants believe the angel of the Lord is the pre-incarnate Jesus Christ?

If they are identical, would this mean Jesus is a created angel or has always existed? In these two verses, it appears clear that the angel of the LORD is identical to the LORD. And the angel of the ...
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Did any Apostolic or Ante-Nicene Fathers believe that Jesus was a created being?

Nothing to add to the title: did any Apostolic or Ante-Nicene Fathers believe that Jesus was a created being? Related questions: Which Ante-Nicene Church Fathers believed that Jesus is the "...
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What is the direct Biblical basis for the Son pre-existing eternally? [duplicate]

One key idea in contemporary Trinitarianism is the idea that the Son is eternal. This is required to have 3 co-equal persons (if the Son is not eternal, He is not equal to the Father). Some try to ...
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Is there a name for the position that Trinitarianism isn't necessarily wrong, but is theological speculation?

Although I think Unitarianism is a much more elegant explanation of what is happening in scripture, at the same time I'm sympathetic to Trinitarian claims that ultimately the nature of God is ...
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Is the right hand of God a divine position? [closed]

Many people apply verses in the Bible like Psalm 110:1, Mark 12:35-36, and Acts 2:33-36, as well as many other verses which state Jesus sits at the right hand of God. But is this a divine position, ...
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What NT evidence is there for the idea that the apostle Paul's introductions to his letters were to authenticate his position as an apostle?

One comment in a previous, related question I asked was, "Paul consistently announces himself in some kind of relationship to Jesus as some way of credentialing himself at the beginning of his ...
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What is the Biblical Basis for monothelitism?

Monothelitism is the belief that Christ has only one will. It was condemned as heresy at the The 3rd Council of Constatinople, but still has many adherents, including the famous apologist William Lane ...
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Is Isaiah 2:9-22 about the Second Coming of Christ?

We read: “People bow down, And each man humbles himself; Therefore do not forgive them. Enter into the rock, and hide in the dust, From the terror of the Lord And the glory of His majesty. The lofty ...
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When Paul wrote about Jesus' birth as "born of a woman," did he not contradict the fact that Jesus was "born of a virgin" as Matthew wrote? [closed]

According to the Scriptures that were given through Matthew, Jesus Christ was born to a virgin. "All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: 23 “The virgin will ...
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In what way is Jesus different from other sons of God according to Biblical Unitarians?

There are other questions regarding this topic from different perspectives. What is different about Jesus compared to other 'sons of God' from a Biblical Unitarian perspective?
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In what way is Jesus the "Son of God" different from the other "son/sons of God" in the Bible?

The Bible uses the phrase "son of God" or "sons of God" many times. This same phrase has also been used to refer to Jesus Christ. Therefore, can we deduce from the phrase itself ...
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According to Evangelical Christians, what does a person need to believe about Jesus in order to be saved?

The Bible teaches about Jesus of Nazareth many things. It teaches that Jesus was born to a virgin. It teaches that he was without sin yet suffered, died, and rose again for us. It also teaches that ...
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According to those holding to Chalcedonian theology, how did Jesus increase in wisdom?

In Luke 2:52 it states: And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. Did Jesus, as a young child, deliberately conceal his Divinity by not accessing the epistemological ...
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From a non-Trinitarian perspective, how would you show that the Bible does not teach that the Son is equal with the Father?

See below for a more precise definition of the question. Two Views among Evangelicals Ted Peters says that if anything, contemporary mainline Protestant and Roman Catholic trinitarian thinking is “...
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Core teaching of Christianity [duplicate]

I would like to know what is the core principle/teaching of Christianity in one or two (not strictly) lines. I come from a Hindu background. So, in Hinduism, it says everything came from Brahman which ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is “not” required for salvation?

What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is not required for salvation? The Athanasian Creed states "And in this Trinity, no one is before or after, greater or less than ...
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Where does the OT predict the Son of man?

Jesus referred to things written about the Son of man, including His death and resurrection: "All things which are written through the prophets about the Son of Man will be accomplished. For He ...
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If Jesus was God (the famous John 1:1), why was He exalted to a higher position?

I was a trinitian, until I discussed with JW. I still believe in Trinity cause there're many verses back this up(including Mat 28:19) But I wondered According to Phil 2:9 and some other verses. Jesus ...
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Did God's essence enter time and space?

Trinitarians believe that Jesus, who was the Lord in the flesh, entered into time and space. But since Jesus has a divine essence, does this mean that the essence of God entered into time and space?
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Did Jesus ever ask for Humanity to Worship him? [duplicate]

Did Jesus ever ask for Humanity to Worship him?
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What meaning would Philippians 2:9 have if Jesus is equal with God? Was Jesus praised for not seizing equality with himself?

Philippians 2:6-9 ASV 6 who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped 7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the ...
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What is the biblical basis for the notional/ideal pre-existence of Jesus, as opposed to an actual pre-existence?

Some Christians -- especially Biblical Unitarians -- believe that Jesus only pre-existed notionally/ideally in God's mind prior to his conception in Mary's womb (just like any other human being), ...
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Do Biblical Unitarians view John 1:14 and Philippians 2:5-8 as two complementary descriptions of the same event?

John 1:14 (YLT): 14 And the Word became flesh, and did tabernacle among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only begotten of a father, full of grace and truth. Philippians 2:5-8 (YLT): 5 ...
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How do non-trinitarians explain Isaiah 43:11 taking into account its immediate context?

11“I, only I, am the LORD, And there is no savior besides Me. The OT especially has a strong emphasis on there being only one God, Yahweh, and there are only a few scattered and cryptic references to ...
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Is it Biblical to say that Jesus is God? [duplicate]

It seems that many Christians have a certain reluctance to say that "Jesus is God". There seems to even be some reticence about it in the New Testament, and he is usually described, even by ...
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