Questions tagged [trinity]

The doctrine of the three-personhood of God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; who, though existing in three distinct persons and work towards different arenas, are the same God, of the same mind, and the same purpose.

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How can the Trinity be accepted by Christians, when Isaiah 9:6 shows God to be one spirit known as Jesus - Perfect God and Perfect Man? [closed]

How can the Trinity be accepted by Christians, when Isaiah 9:6 shows God to be one spirit known as Jesus - Perfect God and Perfect Man? I have provided some reference scriptures which I have based my ...
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What is a Trinitarian explanation of how God can be with Himself?

John 1:1 says: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. A very common rebuttal to the Trinitarian understanding of this verse goes something like this: If the ...
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Did Jesus exist before his life, and if not could the Trinity be added to?

I take it to be Christian theology that Jesus was incarnate at His annunciation, leading the duopoly of God The Father, and The Holy Spirit to be added to and become a Trinity. Is that the limit and ...
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Against the context of John Chapter One, are the three records of John the Baptist's words, concerning Jesus, a proof of Jesus' pre-existence?

Three times, the apostle John records the witness of John the Baptist regarding Jesus being 'after' John yet 'before' John and 'first' - in 1:15, 1:27 and 1:30. John bore witness of Him, and cried ...
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What is the biblical basis for saying God is a Subsistent Being?

My question is not about philosophical views but is focused on theological views. According to Thomas Aquinas, God is a "subsistent being". He explained the Triune Persons as subsistent ...
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Why is there not a Liturgical Feast in honour of the Father within the Catholic Church?

Why is there not a Liturgical Feast in honour of the Father within the Catholic Church? The Catholic Church is trinitarian in thought and belief. Yet She has no liturgical celebration in honour of the ...
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Do any major orthodox Trinitarian theologians or denominations hold that St. Paul was closer to a Biblical Unitarian than a Trinitarian?

Reading through St. Paul's letters, I come away with the impression St. Paul would have been comfortable as a contemporary Biblical Unitarian. For one example among many, consider Romans 8:34. "...
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What was the real issue between Arius and Bishop Alexander at Nicaea in 325?

The conflict between the presbyter called Arius and his bishop Alexander of Alexandria, which began somewhere in 318/19, quickly spread through Egypt and Libya and the other Roman provinces [KAYE, ...
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From a non-Trinitarian perspective, how would you, from the Bible, defend the view that the Son is eternally subordinate to the Father?

See below for a more precise definition of the question. Two Views among Evangelicals Ted Peters says that if anything, contemporary mainline Protestant and Roman Catholic trinitarian thinking is “...
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Tertullian's "unius substantiæ" (of one substance) ≟ Nicea's ὁμοούσιος (consubstantial)?

Tertullian [b. c. 160 A.D.] had already used the Latin equivalent of Homoousion, conceding to [his contemporary] Praxeas the Sabellian that the Father and the Son were unius substantiæ, of one ...
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Should homoousion in the Nicene Creed be translated as "same substance" or as “one substance?”

Literally, homoousion means "same substance" from homos (same) and ousia (essence) (The Free Dictionary). But it is often translated as “one substance” (e.g., Merriam-Webster). The word “...
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Where did substance language enter the Trinity debate?

The Bible does not describe God and His Son in terms of substance. The closest we get is Hebrews 1:3, where the Son is described as the mirror image of the hypostasis of God. At the time, hypostasis ...
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Theologians who compared the tripartite division of civil authority to the Trinity?

Pope Pius XI, encyclical Quas primas (1925) instituting the feast of Christ the King, says that the "lordship of Christ […] consists […] in a threefold [tripartite] power which is essential to ...
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Personhood of the Holy Spirit [duplicate]

All the arguments I have read for a unique personhood of the Holy Spirit separate from the Father or Son are comprised of passages that show the Spirit’s emotions or independent will. (Example ...
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What was the 'orthodox' view of God and Christ when the Arian Controversy began?

In response to my question why Theodosius was successful in bringing the Arian Controversy to a close, @Anne gave me references to some articles. I have read one by Steven Wedgeworth. It is a very ...
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Is believing on God for salvation the same as believing in Jesus as Christ?

I'm interested in answers particularly from Evangelicals who might disagree with this idea, as well as those who agree with it. I'm especially interested in theological considerations - ie. does this ...
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Why was Theodosius successful in ending the Arian Controversy?

In the conventional account of the Arian controversy, the council of Constantinople in the year 381 made an end of that controversy. In reality, the controversy was brought to an end by Emperor ...
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Did the Holy Spirit manifest in people before Jesus?

In John 16:7-8, Jesus says: “But I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I am leaving; for if I do not leave, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. And He, ...
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Are there any Trinitarian denominations that do not view belief in the Trinity as a "salvation issue"?

Trinitarians that subscribe to the Athanasian Creed believe, by definition, that rejection of the doctrine of the Trinity disqualifies one from salvation. Are there any Trinitarian denominations that ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is “not” required for salvation?

What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is not required for salvation? The Athanasian Creed states "And in this Trinity, no one is before or after, greater or less than ...
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What is the the difference between the monotheism of Trinitarian Christianity and Judaism?

If both Judaism and Trinitariansm are monotheistic, Jesus being a jew, do both faiths have the same God? If the word mono means one, single how can it be explained logically that 3 is 1 and 1 is 3? ...
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How can you explain Matthew 24:36? [duplicate]

Matthew 24:36 (NIV) But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. I am aware that Jesus does not know the time of the final judgement in ...
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What is the standard term for views that aren't Unitarian?

When talking about views that aren't Trinitarian (such as LDS, JW, Christian Science, and so on) people often use the term 'Non-Trinitarian'. Is there a standard term for views that are 'Non-Unitarian'...
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How do Trinitarians explain James 1:17, John 4:24 and John 17:3?

James 1:17 Amplified Bible Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above; it comes down from the Father of lights [the Creator and Sustainer of the heavens], in whom there is no ...
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How can be Trinity Eternal?

It's said in Summa Theologica that the trinity ist eternal, three persons each one being G'd a well known fact in Christianism. I'd like to know, what is the greek explanation or the following (...
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If Jesus was God (The Famous John 1:1), Why was He exalted to higher position (as if he wasn't in that position)? [duplicate]

I was a Trinitarian until I discussed it with a JW. I still believe in the Trinity because there're many verses to back this up (including Matt. 28:19). But I wondered. According to Phil 2:9 and some ...
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If Jesus was God (the famous John 1:1), why was He exalted to a higher position?

I was a trinitian, until I discussed with JW. I still believe in Trinity cause there're many verses back this up(including Mat 28:19) But I wondered According to Phil 2:9 and some other verses. Jesus ...
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What is the difference between the Trinity theory and modalism?

In Modalism, the distinction between the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are mere "modes" of how a singular, unitarian godhead interacts with creation. Consequently, in Modalism, the ...
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What does the Catholic Church teach about the communication that takes place among the Persons of the Trinity?

We read in Mtt 24:36 (NRSVCE): But about that day and hour no one knows, neither the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. Here, Jesus does not mention Holy Spirit being privy to the `...
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Is there a specific term to denote an encounter with the Holy Spirit?

Encounters with God (the Father) are called Theophanies, encounters with Jesus are called Christophanies, but what about encounters with the Holy Spirit? Is there a specific term for an encounter with ...
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Did God's essence enter time and space?

Trinitarians believe that Jesus, who was the Lord in the flesh, entered into time and space. But since Jesus has a divine essence, does this mean that the essence of God entered into time and space?
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According to Trinitarians, can non-Trinitarians experience regeneration, sanctification and a Spirit-led life despite not believing in the Trinity?

Question According to Trinitarians, can a Christian who lacks a belief in the Trinity still live the Christian life to its full potential? In other words, can non-Trinitarians experience spiritual ...
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How do non-trinitarians explain Isaiah 43:11 taking into account its immediate context?

11“I, only I, am the LORD, And there is no savior besides Me. The OT especially has a strong emphasis on there being only one God, Yahweh, and there are only a few scattered and cryptic references to ...
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Absolute Divine Simplicity (ADS) and the Trinity

Though apparent, the framework of the Triune Godhead appears logically incoherent in juxtaposition to the Absolute Divine Simplicity model. Looking through the works of Thomas Aquinas, who is the most ...
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According to Trinitarians, can the personhood of the Holy Spirit be confirmed through personal experience?

First of all, I'm well aware of the existence of scriptural arguments both for (link) and against (link, link) the personhood of the Holy Spirit. Whether one finds the arguments either for or against ...
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who had the truth of the Trinity revealed to them through the Holy Spirit?

Has either a non-Trinitarian Christian or a non-Christian ever had the truth of the Trinity specially revealed to them, personally, unquestionably, beyond any reasonable doubt, through the Holy Spirit,...
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who independently discovered the doctrine of the Trinity on their own by just reading the Bible?

How likely is it for a person, who has never heard of the concept of the Trinity before, to discover Trinitarianism, independently, on their own, by just reading the Bible? Are there any published ...
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
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Does the phrasing in Nicene Creed cast doubt on the eternality of The Son of God?

The Nicene creed phrase “God of God” or “God from God” refers to The Word, Jesus. It seems that being of or from God indicates a beginning. Jesus,The Word,would not thus be eternally existing. How do ...
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Should the phrase "God from God" in the Nicene Creed be translated as "god from god"?

I previously posted the question: I understand the word theos may be translated as "God" or as "god." Bible writers added words (the, true, only, or one) to indicate the Almighty. ...
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Do Protestant Trinitarians believe that Christianity can be 'proved' without faith?

Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe. 49 The nobleman saith unto him, Sir, come down ere my child die. 50 Jesus saith unto him, Go thy way; thy son liveth. ...
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Does the Catholic's Trinity doctrine imply that the Unitarian God Multiplied into Three persons by Generating the other Two?

Does the cause-effect and begotten doctrine of the Eastern and Roman Catholic Church imply a division or multiplication in the nature of God? Unitarian God (Father) begets or caused into effect the ...
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How do Trinitarians interpret Acts 2:22 in terms of St. Peter's beliefs?

Acts 2:22 quotes St. Peter saying "Men of Israel, listen to this message: Jesus of Nazareth was a man certified by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs, which God did among you through Him,...
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How do Trinitarians understand what Jesus said in the garden of Gethsemane?

Let me preface this by saying that I don't assume the Trinitarian viewpoint is any more or less reasonable than any other, this is a question out of curiosity brought up by things I read in another ...
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Baptism first name (or confirmation middle name) for special devotion to the Holy Trinity?

Catholics almost always have first and second names indicating devotion to some saints, expecting special help and intercession from them. I feel, that there is no good saint which can be my patron ...
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How do Unitarians respond to quotations from Ignatius of Antioch that seem to show Ignatius believes Jesus is God?

Ignatius of Antioch is one of the Apostolic Church Fathers - one of 4 from whom we have significant writings (along with Pope Clement I, Polycarp of Smyrna, and Papias of Hierapolis). Of the 4, the ...
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According to Trinitarians, is Jesus the begotten Son of God the Father, or the begotten Son of God?

A typical translation of a line from the Nicene Creed from the First Council of Constantinople (381) is "And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father" ...
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Does the Holy Spirit speak on behalf of the Father , or the Son or both?

We see in John 16:13, Jesus giving his disciples a foresight into the role of the Holy Spirit: When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own, ...
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How would believers in Jesus' deity paraphrase 1 Clement 59:4, "Let all the Gentiles know that Thou art the God alone, and Jesus Christ is Thy Son"? [closed]

1 Clement is the only extant uncontested writing of Pope Clement I. It is generally dated to the 1st Century. Along with the Didache and Old Roman Creed, it is an early Christian 'dog that didn't bark'...
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If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? What do Bible verses that reference the Holy Spirit or the Spirit of God mean?

Question: If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? The Bible includes over 100 verses that mention the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of God or just the Spirit. Here are four ...

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