Questions tagged [trinity]

The doctrine of the three-personhood of God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; who, though existing in three distinct persons and work towards different arenas, are the same God, of the same mind, and the same purpose.

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How do Biblical Unitarians explain the use of the singular in 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17?

2 Thessalonians 2:16-17 is "Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father, who by grace has loved us and given us eternal comfort and good hope, encourage your hearts and strengthen ...
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Are WLC's arguments against Relative Identity Trinitarianism valid?

In his book Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview, William Lane Craig offers three arguments against Relative Identity. The first argument regards the alleged "spurious" nature ...
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Trinity as God in Three Persons or Manifestations? [duplicate]

Where does scripture support the Holy Spirit is a Person? Where in scripture is it essential-for-salvation to claim God is in Three Persons? How does the claim of 'God in Three Persons' reconcile the ...
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Why does the Book of Revelation allocate such a subordinate role to the Holy Spirit?

Revelation’s visions often put the Son with the Father, but the Holy Spirit is generally absent. For example: RECEIVING THE BOOK OF REVELATION “GOD” gave the visions of Revelation to “JESUS CHRIST” ...
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John 1:1, should the anarthrous pre-verbal predicate nominative be rendered indefinitely? [migrated]

Some Unitarians point to the indefinite rendering of the anarthrous pre-verbal PN in verses like John 8:44, John 9:8, John 9:17, John 10:13, John 18:37, John 4:19, John 8:48, John 10:1, John 10:33. Do ...
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How do those who believe Jesus was eternally the Son explain Jesus being chosen?

Luke 9:35 is And a voice came from the cloud, saying, “This is My Son, whom I have chosen. Listen to Him!” The concept of 'choosing' entails a chronological sequence of events, where one is ...
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Why don’t the baptisms in Acts use the trinitarian formula? [duplicate]

At the end of the book of Matthew, we see Jesus’ command for baptism in the name of all three persons of the trinity: “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of ...
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How do Trinitarians understand the phrase 'image of God' as in Colossians 1:15?

Colossians 1:15-20 is often cited by Trinitarians as evidence that Jesus is God, because they tend to believe it is describing Jesus as creating all thing and holding all things together in an ...
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Emanuel Swedenborg's view on Trinity

This wiki page says that "Emanuel Swedenborg "explained in his theological writings how the Divine Trinity exists in One Person, in One God, the Lord Jesus Christ, which he said is taught ...
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Are there different Trinitarian foundations?

I read with interest a comment on CSE recently that stated- Scoping the question to Trinitarians in general may open the door to doctrines that may have some biblical basis, but are mostly based on ...
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Do Trinitarians believe Jesus has (or had) two centres of consciousness?

I recently read a pastor talking about how while Jesus was a baby in the manger, he was simultaneously keeping the entire universe running. Yet a baby consciousness is very different, presumably, from ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians explain 1 Timothy 3:16, which says "God was manifest in the flesh"?

1 Timothy 3:16 seems like a pretty straightforward knock-out punch for Trinitarianism. "And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh[.]" (KJB) ...
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According to Trinitarians, can beings other than God take on other natures?

The standard Trinitarian position is that a 'person' of the Triune God 'took on' or 'added' a human nature. So once that occurs, this person has both a fully human and a fully divine nature. This ...
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How to express the Trinity in terms of category theory

I've recently been studying category theory (mathematics), in which the relations between objects are generalized to a very abstract level. I was wondering therefore if the relations between the ...
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How do those who interpret John 10:30 as a claim to full divine equality by Jesus also interpret John 10:29, which says the Father is greater?

John 10:30 is a common proof-text for Trinitarians and others who assert Jesus' equality with the Father. It is "I and the Father are one." at which the hostile Jews around him pick up ...
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According to Trinitarians, does Tuggy get Jesus' argument at John 10:33-36 right?

Dale Tuggy, a Biblical Unitarian, more formally presents Jesus' argument at John 10:34-36. "34 Jesus replied, “Is it not written in your Law: ‘I have said you are gods’? 35 If he called them ...
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Has any trinitarian these days ever come across an argument for proof of the deity of Christ that goes like this:

If X saves, X must be God. Jesus saves. Therefore, Jesus must be God. All the trinitarian books / articles / sermons I’ve ever come across have never attempted such a simplistic way of reasoning ...
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According to Trinitarians, can a Person of the Trinity add a new nature whenever He wants to?

According to Trinitarians, the Second Person of the Trinity 'assumed' or 'took on' a human nature at incarnation. Do Trinitarians hold that the Second Person of the Trinity (or any Persons) can ...
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What is the scriptural basis for the belief that a man is not capable of being the Saviour?

Mike Borden provides a thought-provoking answer to the question According to the Protestant denominations that hold to the doctrine of clarity of scripture, is Trinitarianism clear?. He says that ...
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How do those who hold Trinitarian doctrine existed from the earliest days of the church explain the lack of debate about it in the New Testament?

Jeff Deuble in Christ Before Creeds says (p. 33-34) The significant controversies about the Messiah that were strongly contested in the New Testament were: his death by crucifixion, his resurrection, ...
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In the New Catholic Bible, is Isiaiah 9:5 speaking about Jesus, and who is the Wonderful Counsellor?

I have a question for Trinitarian Roman Catholics as to who Isaiah 9:6 (New Catholic Bible) is describing, and who the Wonderful Counsellor is. Isaiah 9:5 New Catholic Bible 5 For a child has been ...
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What arguments does the Catholic Church use to require Trinitarian intent on the part of the baptizer for a 'valid' baptism?

It looks like the 'intent' of the baptizer requires some sort of assent to Trinitarian beliefs in order for a baptism to be considered valid by the Catholic Church (see Would a person baptized by a ...
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According to Catholicism, how can the Holy Spirit proceed from the Father and the Son if it is God?

Given the Filioque (the idea that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son), how can the Holy Spirit be considered God? Given that God is necessary, it seems to me that the Filioque ...
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In Trinitarian theologies, which nature is subservient to the Father?

In Trinitarian theology, when Jesus uttered the following words that indicate his subservience to the Father, which nature was Jesus "accessing" / "operating in": his divine nature,...
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According to Trinitarian theology, does God the Father have a God?

Jesus and New Testament authors repeatedly apparently talk about the Father as Jesus' God. This Biblical Unitarian article collects some examples: Ephesians 1:17 I keep asking that the God of our ...
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According to Trinitarians, when the term Yahweh ('LORD') is used in the OT, who exactly is being referred to?

According to Unitarian Christians, the identity of Yahweh is straightforward. Yahweh = the Father = God. Therefore, linguistic usage in the OT is fairly straightforward. Whenever Yahweh ('LORD') is ...
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Was a Unitarian understanding of God present in the Early Church prior to 400 AD?

As we know, the Trinity is a doctrine that is not explicitly contained in the Bible. Of course Trinitarians would say it is present, but nevertheless it does require a lens of interpretation, so that ...
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According to Catholicism, why must there be only one pure necessary being or necessary pure existence?

Why can't Tritheism or Social Trinitarianism be true, where 'God' is a generic abstract essence while there are three personal essences ? A Catholic site speaks against this: It Rejects the Fourth ...
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According to Trinitarianism, how many wills are involved re God? [duplicate]

A fairly straightforward question. For unitarian Christians, God has one will. Jesus is a man, and has His own will. That will is in alignment with God's (despite temptation and a real possibility He ...
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Do non-Social Trinitarians believe that "begotten" and "proceeding" are different?

(To clarify, I am asking about Nicene-affirming Trinitarians, just ones that don't accept intra-Godhead emotions) In the Nicene creed, Jesus is described as: begotten of the Father While the Holy ...
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How do Unitarians understand the argument from God and love?

In this video from YouTuber Apologetics Squared (who has a fantastic channel, strongly encourage y'all to check it out), he makes this argument (I've reduced the video into a deductive argument): ...
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Why do Trinitarians call the Father, the Father?

Trinitarians believe that God exists as three distinct but equal persons (yes, I'm simplifying), known as the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. They also believe that Mary was impregnated by the Holy ...
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The origin of the Trinity [duplicate]

Where and when was the concept of the Trinity first conceived? Was it modeled after the Romans Triune pagan Gods? Who implemented the teaching of a Christian triune god? When and where was it first ...
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Is the Hypostatic Union a contradiction?

The law of noncontradictions states that two contradictory positions cannot be true at the same time in the same sense (e. g. the two propositions "p is the case" and "p is not the case&...
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"God-Son" in the book of Revelation? [closed]

I have question. "God-Son" in the book of Revelation? Why do many trinitarians believe that in Revelation 1:8 refers to Jesus (the Son God), but not ascribes to the rest of the Trinity (the ...
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What are the different meanings of “God” in the New Testament?

The doctrine of the Trinity means that I am unable to follow references to “God” in the New Testament. I would like a list of all references to “God” in the New Testament, showing whether each refers ...
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Does any Nicene Father comment on the triple expression of 'Godhead' in scripture and the three individual words used to express it?

There are three occasions when the word 'Godhead' is used in scripture and on each occasion a different Greek word is used, thus giving an 'individuality' to each occasion. In Acts 17:29 ό θειον (ho ...
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What is the direct Biblical basis for the Son pre-existing eternally? [duplicate]

One key idea in contemporary Trinitarianism is the idea that the Son is eternal. This is required to have 3 co-equal persons (if the Son is not eternal, He is not equal to the Father). Some try to ...
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According to Trinitarians, in John 1 is Jesus both the Word and the Light, and if so how do we make sense of John 1's wording?

In John 1, Trinitarians hold that Jesus ('the Son') is to be identified with the Word (logos) that is introduced at John 1:1. A little later on, using a typical Trinitarian translation (BSB), you have ...
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Is there a name for the position that Trinitarianism isn't necessarily wrong, but is theological speculation?

Although I think Unitarianism is a much more elegant explanation of what is happening in scripture, at the same time I'm sympathetic to Trinitarian claims that ultimately the nature of God is ...
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According to Trinitarianism, is God - strictly speaking - a person?

Perhaps Trinitarianism's most defining feature is the idea of God being '3 persons'. Typically this is described as '3 persons in 1 substance'. Yet some say God is a person, such as Is God a person? ...
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According to Trinitarians, what is the correct personal pronoun to refer to the person who is the Holy Spirit? [duplicate]

Trinitarians hold that God is One but 3 persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Referring to the Father or the Son as 'He' is pretty straightforward. What pronoun do Trinitarians hold is ...
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What is the reasoning given by Trinitarians for using 'He' instead of 'It' to refer to God, inclusive of 3 persons? [duplicate]

The plain meaning of 'He' is one person. Similar with 'I'. Trinitarians seem to accept that referring to God, inclusive of 3 persons, as 'He' is appropriate. The view of Trinitarianism is that God is ...
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According to Trinitarians, why didn't Jesus correct the scribe's use of 'Him' at Mark 12:32-33?

Mark 12:28-34 contains a back-and-forth between Jesus and a scribe. 28 Now one of the scribes had come up and heard their debate. Noticing how well Jesus had answered them, he asked Him, “Which ...
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Why do Christians missionary think that quran 5:17 "Surely those have disbelieved who said God is the Christ" is a distortion of their belief!

Regarding the Quran (Surah al-Ma'idah) 5:17 They have certainly disbelieved who say that Allāh is Christ, the son of Mary. Say, "Then who could prevent Allāh at all if He had intended to destroy ...
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What is a Trinitarian explanation of how God can be with Himself?

John 1:1 says: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. A very common rebuttal to the Trinitarian understanding of this verse goes something like this: If the ...
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Did Jesus exist before his life, and if not could the Trinity be added to?

I take it to be Christian theology that Jesus was incarnate at His annunciation, leading the duopoly of God The Father, and The Holy Spirit to be added to and become a Trinity. Is that the limit and ...
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Against the context of John Chapter One, are the three records of John the Baptist's words, concerning Jesus, a proof of Jesus' pre-existence?

Three times, the apostle John records the witness of John the Baptist regarding Jesus being 'after' John yet 'before' John and 'first' - in 1:15, 1:27 and 1:30. John bore witness of Him, and cried ...
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What is the biblical basis for saying God is a Subsistent Being?

My question is not about philosophical views but is focused on theological views. According to Thomas Aquinas, God is a "subsistent being". He explained the Triune Persons as subsistent ...
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Why is there not a Liturgical Feast in honour of the Father within the Catholic Church?

Why is there not a Liturgical Feast in honour of the Father within the Catholic Church? The Catholic Church is trinitarian in thought and belief. Yet She has no liturgical celebration in honour of the ...
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