Questions tagged [trinity]

The doctrine of the three-personhood of God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; who, though existing in three distinct persons and work towards different arenas, are the same God, of the same mind, and the same purpose.

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How do non-trinitarians explain Isaiah 43:11 taking into account its immediate context?

11“I, only I, am the LORD, And there is no savior besides Me. The OT especially has a strong emphasis on there being only one God, Yahweh, and there are only a few scattered and cryptic references to ...
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Absolute Divine Simplicity (ADS) and the Trinity

Though apparent, the framework of the Triune Godhead appears logically incoherent in juxtaposition to the Absolute Divine Simplicity model. Looking through the works of Thomas Aquinas, who is the most ...
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According to Trinitarians, can the personhood of the Holy Spirit be verified experientially instead of just assented to intellectually?

First of all, I'm well aware of the existence of scriptural arguments for the personhood of the Holy Spirit (link), as well as scriptural arguments against (link, link). Whether one finds the ...
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who had the truth of the Trinity revealed to them through the Holy Spirit?

Has either a non-Trinitarian Christian or a non-Christian ever had the truth of the Trinity specially revealed to them, personally, unquestionably, beyond any reasonable doubt, through the Holy Spirit,...
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who independently discovered the doctrine of the Trinity on their own by just reading the Bible?

How likely is it for a person, who has never heard of the concept of the Trinity before, to discover Trinitarianism, independently, on their own, by just reading the Bible? Are there any published ...
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
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Does the phrasing in Nicene Creed cast doubt on the eternality of The Son of God?

The Nicene creed phrase “God of God” or “God from God” refers to The Word, Jesus. It seems that being of or from God indicates a beginning. Jesus,The Word,would not thus be eternally existing. How do ...
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Do Protestant Trinitarians believe that Christianity can be 'proved' without faith?

Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe. 49 The nobleman saith unto him, Sir, come down ere my child die. 50 Jesus saith unto him, Go thy way; thy son liveth. ...
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Does the Catholic's Trinity doctrine imply that the Unitarian God Multiplied into Three persons by Generating the other Two?

Does the cause-effect and begotten doctrine of the Eastern and Roman Catholic Church imply a division or multiplication in the nature of God? Unitarian God (Father) begets or caused into effect the ...
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How do Trinitarians interpret Acts 2:22 in terms of St. Peter's beliefs?

Acts 2:22 quotes St. Peter saying "Men of Israel, listen to this message: Jesus of Nazareth was a man certified by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs, which God did among you through Him,...
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How do Trinitarians understand what Jesus said in the garden of Gethsemane?

Let me preface this by saying that I don't assume the Trinitarian viewpoint is any more or less reasonable than any other, this is a question out of curiosity brought up by things I read in another ...
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Baptism first name (or confirmation middle name) for special devotion to the Holy Trinity?

Catholics almost always have first and second names indicating devotion to some saints, expecting special help and intercession from them. I feel, that there is no good saint which can be my patron ...
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How do Unitarians respond to quotations from Ignatius of Antioch that seem to show Ignatius believes Jesus is God?

Ignatius of Antioch is one of the Apostolic Church Fathers - one of 4 from whom we have significant writings (along with Pope Clement I, Polycarp of Smyrna, and Papias of Hierapolis). Of the 4, the ...
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According to Trinitarians, is Jesus the begotten Son of God the Father, or the begotten Son of God?

A typical translation of a line from the Nicene Creed from the First Council of Constantinople (381) is "And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father" ...
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Does the Holy Spirit speak on behalf of the Father , or the Son or both?

We see in John 16:13, Jesus giving his disciples a foresight into the role of the Holy Spirit: When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own, ...
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How would believers in Jesus' deity paraphrase 1 Clement 59:4, "Let all the Gentiles know that Thou art the God alone, and Jesus Christ is Thy Son"? [closed]

1 Clement is the only extant uncontested writing of Pope Clement I. It is generally dated to the 1st Century. Along with the Didache and Old Roman Creed, it is an early Christian 'dog that didn't bark'...
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If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? What do Bible verses that reference the Holy Spirit or the Spirit of God mean?

Question: If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? The Bible includes over 100 verses that mention the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of God or just the Spirit. Here are four ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians contextually explain Thomas' exclamation at John 20:28?

John 20:28 has Thomas saying "My Lord and my God!" For Trinitarians, this line is fairly straightforward - Thomas is recognizing that Jesus is not just Lord but also God. How do Biblical ...
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How is the resurrected Jesus related to the Trinity?

The Doctrine of the Trinity is affirmed by the Catholic Church and more in general by the large majority of Christian denominations, Orthodox, "mainline" Protestant etc., with some relevant ...
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How do Trinitarians understand Peter's response to Jesus at Matthew 16:16?

At Matthew 16:15-17, Jesus asks his disciples who they think he is, and Peter responds. "“Who do you say I am?” 16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” 17 Jesus ...
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According to Non-Trinitarians, why did God allow Trinitarianism to become the mainstream understanding of His nature? [closed]

According to non-Trinitarians, if God's nature is not adequately portrayed by Trinitarian theology, then why did God allow such an erroneous understanding of His nature to become so widespread among ...
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How do Trinitarians respond to syllogistic arguments against the divinity of Jesus?

In a previous question in which I asked for evidence of early Christians denying the divinity of Jesus, a user posted an answer that, among other things, presents sixteen very interesting syllogistic ...
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What does it mean when Jesus cannot be separated from the Father and the Holy Ghost?

What is the word which means that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost cannot be separated? When we receive Holy Communion, the Host contains Jesus, the Father, the Holy Ghost, and all that God ...
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According to Trinitarians, why does Jesus glorifying himself amount to nothing?

John 8:54-55 has Jesus saying "“If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father who glorifies me, he of whom you say, ‘He is our God,’ though you do not know him. But I know him; if I ...
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Are Origen's and Calvin's views on God compatible?

The Father, or first person, is ... the only one who is autotheos, God in the fullest sense, whereas the Son is his dunamis or power and the Spirit a dependent being (SEP > Origen) The Scriptures ...
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How do Trinitarians respond to the objection that God cannot be a man based on Hosea 11:9?

Hosea 11:9 (ESV): I will not execute my burning anger; I will not again destroy Ephraim; for I am God and not a man, the Holy One in your midst, and I will not come in wrath. Recently someone ...
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How do Trinitarians understand what it means for Jesus to grow 'in favor' with God?

Luke 2:52 says "And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man." (Berean Study Bible) From a unitarian perspective, the idea that Jesus, who is a man, grew in favour ...
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Who first compared the Trinity to a musical triad?

Who first compared the Trinity to a musical triad (a three-note chord), where each Divine Person is analogous to a distinct note and the chord analogous to the Divine Substance?
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT affirmation of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

I have two very related questions: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous affirmation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, distinct from the Father and the Son, in the ...
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How do Trinitarians explain the almost exclusive use of singular pronouns to refer to God in the Bible?

In thousands of instances in the Bible, pronouns used to describe God are singular. Every instance is singular except possibly 4. These possibilities all occur in the Old Testament. For unitarians, ...
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Do trinitarians believe it would be possible for God to incarnate as a non-human animal? [closed]

Trinitarians believe that God, who is Spirit, could have and did become a human. On the other hand, unitarians tend not to believe that God could have become a human, as it would entail a ...
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Does the concept of Godhead (one God, but multiple persons) predate Christianity? Can we find evidence of this concept in Judaism before 0 A.D.?

Was the concept of Godhead (one God, but multiple persons) known by the Jews prior to the advent of Christianity? Were there Jews that held a Binitarian, Trinitarian or similar "Godhead" ...
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How do Trinitarians deal with imbalances in their relationship with each Person of the Trinity?

This is a practical question. According to Trinitarianism, three distinct Persons form the Godhead: the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. In principle, they are all just one God, but in practice ...
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Trinity and incarnation

If the Son does whatever the Father does (John 5:19), does that mean the Father also incarnated for the Son to incarnate?
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Given God is genderless, why Jesus (God the Son) assumed a male form?

To best of my knowledge, God has no definite gender, i.e., he's neither male nor female. Still, Jesus, God the Son, assumed a male form during his ministry. Why is that? Clearly, God the Son could ...
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According to John 20:31, was John Writing His Gospel to Teach that Jesus was the Messiah, not God? [closed]

I am editing the question to make it more specific, since the original question was closed for being "off-topic" which I believe meant I was asking too broad a question. I am here looking ...
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What did the Early Christians Believe About the Trinity Before the Gospel of John? [closed]

I think Christianity today is extremely Johannine, meaning very dependent on the teachings of the Gospel of John. In my studies, I came across the fact that most Christian communities of the late ...
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Does the Catholic Church teach that belief in the possibility of more than 3 persons in God is heresy?

The Catholic Church teaches that not believing the Father, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit are all God (= 3 persons) is heresy. Does the Catholic Church have an official teaching on the belief that there ...
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Was the Trinity severed during the crucifixion?

When speaking about the crucifixion, I have heard from many Protestant's (mostly evangelical non-denominational Christians) state that the Trinity was severed or broken when Jesus was on the cross. I ...
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According to the Protestant denominations that hold to the doctrine of clarity of scripture, is trinitarianism clear?

The doctrine of the clarity of Scripture (often called the perspicuity of Scripture) is a Protestant Christian position teaching that "...those things which are necessary to be known, believed, ...
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Theologians who thought Christ incarnated primarily to reveal the doctrine of the Trinity?

Are there any theologians (Doctors or Fathers of the Church) who thought that, regardless whether Adam had sinned, Christ still would have incarnated, primarily to reveal the doctrine of the Trinity?
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According to Biblical Unitarianism does belief in the Trinity disqualify one from salvation?

According to Biblical Unitarianism does belief in the Trinity disqualify one from salvation? *Note: this is not asking whether non-trinitarianism is true or whether a trinitarian baptism is valid but ...
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According to the Catholic Church, is belief in trinitarianism required for salvation?

According to the Catholic Church, is belief in trinitarianism required for salvation? Note: this is not asking whether trinitarianism is true, or whether a valid baptism is required, but whether one ...
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What is a formal ontological definition of the nature of God according to the doctrine of the Trinity?

What is a formal ontological definition of the nature of God according to the doctrine of the Trinity? Are the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit ontologically independent entities, each one being ...
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How do non-trinitarians reconcile Rev. 22 verses 6 and 16?

Jehovah's Witnesses, as one non-trinitarian example, claim that Revelation 22:13 is a reference to Jehovah God and not Jesus: I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and ...
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How do Jehovahs Witnesses Interpret Revelation 1:17&18...who is this text referring to, and what contextual evidence substantiates the interpretation? [closed]

All passages below are quoted from the Watchtower Online New World Translation...so i make the assumption that it is the latest edition of the scriptures according to Watchtower and therefore ...
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When Christians say "the Lord" in everyday speech, do they mean Jesus or the Father?

It's very common to hear Christians say "Lord" or "the Lord" in different contexts: everyday conversations, prayer, testimonies, sermons, etc. Some example sentences that come to ...
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According to Trinitarianism, should prayers always be directed at one Person at a time, or can we pray to the whole Trinity simultaneously?

According to Trinitarianism, is it valid to pray to God "in general" (the whole Godhead) without specifying the Person (Father, Son or Holy Spirit), or should we always be explicit about ...
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How do non-trinitarians interpret John 14:26?

John 14:26 (NRSV): 26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you everything, and remind you of all that I have said to you. My impression as I read this ...
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How do non-trinitarians interpret Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (NRSV): 5 Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited, 7 but emptied ...

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