Questions tagged [trinity]

The doctrine of the three-personhood of God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; who, though existing in three distinct persons and work towards different arenas, are the same God, of the same mind, and the same purpose.

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In the New Catholic Bible, is Isiaiah 9:5 speaking about Jesus, and who is the Wonderful Counsellor?

I have a question for Trinitarian Roman Catholics as to who Isaiah 9:6 (New Catholic Bible) is describing, and who the Wonderful Counsellor is. Isaiah 9:5 New Catholic Bible 5 For a child has been ...
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What arguments does the Catholic Church use to require Trinitarian intent on the part of the baptizer for a 'valid' baptism?

It looks like the 'intent' of the baptizer requires some sort of assent to Trinitarian beliefs in order for a baptism to be considered valid by the Catholic Church (see Would a person baptized by a ...
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According to Catholicism, how can the Holy Spirit proceed from the Father and the Son if it is God?

Given the Filioque (the idea that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son), how can the Holy Spirit be considered God? Given that God is necessary, it seems to me that the Filioque ...
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In Trinitarian theologies, which nature is subservient to the Father?

In Trinitarian theology, when Jesus uttered the following words that indicate his subservience to the Father, which nature was Jesus "accessing" / "operating in": his divine nature,...
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According to Trinitarian theology, does God the Father have a God?

Jesus and New Testament authors repeatedly apparently talk about the Father as Jesus' God. This Biblical Unitarian article collects some examples: Ephesians 1:17 I keep asking that the God of our ...
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According to Trinitarians, when the term Yahweh ('LORD') is used in the OT, who exactly is being referred to?

According to Unitarian Christians, the identity of Yahweh is straightforward. Yahweh = the Father = God. Therefore, linguistic usage in the OT is fairly straightforward. Whenever Yahweh ('LORD') is ...
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Was a Unitarian understanding of God present in the Early Church prior to 400 AD?

As we know, the Trinity is a doctrine that is not explicitly contained in the Bible. Of course Trinitarians would say it is present, but nevertheless it does require a lens of interpretation, so that ...
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According to Catholicism, why must there be only one pure necessary being or necessary pure existence?

Why can't Tritheism or Social Trinitarianism be true, where 'God' is a generic abstract essence while there are three personal essences ? A Catholic site speaks against this: It Rejects the Fourth ...
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According to Trinitarianism, how many wills are involved re God? [duplicate]

A fairly straightforward question. For unitarian Christians, God has one will. Jesus is a man, and has His own will. That will is in alignment with God's (despite temptation and a real possibility He ...
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Do non-Social Trinitarians believe that "begotten" and "proceeding" are different?

(To clarify, I am asking about Nicene-affirming Trinitarians, just ones that don't accept intra-Godhead emotions) In the Nicene creed, Jesus is described as: begotten of the Father While the Holy ...
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How do Unitarians understand the argument from God and love?

In this video from YouTuber Apologetics Squared (who has a fantastic channel, strongly encourage y'all to check it out), he makes this argument (I've reduced the video into a deductive argument): ...
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Why do Trinitarians call the Father, the Father?

Trinitarians believe that God exists as three distinct but equal persons (yes, I'm simplifying), known as the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. They also believe that Mary was impregnated by the Holy ...
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The origin of the Trinity [duplicate]

Where and when was the concept of the Trinity first conceived? Was it modeled after the Romans Triune pagan Gods? Who implemented the teaching of a Christian triune god? When and where was it first ...
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Is the Hypostatic Union a contradiction?

The law of noncontradictions states that two contradictory positions cannot be true at the same time in the same sense (e. g. the two propositions "p is the case" and "p is not the case&...
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"God-Son" in the book of Revelation? [closed]

I have question. "God-Son" in the book of Revelation? Why do many trinitarians believe that in Revelation 1:8 refers to Jesus (the Son God), but not ascribes to the rest of the Trinity (the ...
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What are the different meanings of “God” in the New Testament?

The doctrine of the Trinity means that I am unable to follow references to “God” in the New Testament. I would like a list of all references to “God” in the New Testament, showing whether each refers ...
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Does any Nicene Father comment on the triple expression of 'Godhead' in scripture and the three individual words used to express it?

There are three occasions when the word 'Godhead' is used in scripture and on each occasion a different Greek word is used, thus giving an 'individuality' to each occasion. In Acts 17:29 ό θειον (ho ...
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What is the direct Biblical basis for the Son pre-existing eternally? [duplicate]

One key idea in contemporary Trinitarianism is the idea that the Son is eternal. This is required to have 3 co-equal persons (if the Son is not eternal, He is not equal to the Father). Some try to ...
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According to Trinitarians, in John 1 is Jesus both the Word and the Light, and if so how do we make sense of John 1's wording?

In John 1, Trinitarians hold that Jesus ('the Son') is to be identified with the Word (logos) that is introduced at John 1:1. A little later on, using a typical Trinitarian translation (BSB), you have ...
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Is there a name for the position that Trinitarianism isn't necessarily wrong, but is theological speculation?

Although I think Unitarianism is a much more elegant explanation of what is happening in scripture, at the same time I'm sympathetic to Trinitarian claims that ultimately the nature of God is ...
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According to Trinitarianism, is God - strictly speaking - a person?

Perhaps Trinitarianism's most defining feature is the idea of God being '3 persons'. Typically this is described as '3 persons in 1 substance'. Yet some say God is a person, such as Is God a person? ...
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According to Trinitarians, what is the correct personal pronoun to refer to the person who is the Holy Spirit? [duplicate]

Trinitarians hold that God is One but 3 persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Referring to the Father or the Son as 'He' is pretty straightforward. What pronoun do Trinitarians hold is ...
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What is the reasoning given by Trinitarians for using 'He' instead of 'It' to refer to God, inclusive of 3 persons? [duplicate]

The plain meaning of 'He' is one person. Similar with 'I'. Trinitarians seem to accept that referring to God, inclusive of 3 persons, as 'He' is appropriate. The view of Trinitarianism is that God is ...
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According to Trinitarians, why didn't Jesus correct the scribe's use of 'Him' at Mark 12:32-33?

Mark 12:28-34 contains a back-and-forth between Jesus and a scribe. 28 Now one of the scribes had come up and heard their debate. Noticing how well Jesus had answered them, he asked Him, “Which ...
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Why do Christians missionary think that quran 5:17 "Surely those have disbelieved who said God is the Christ" is a distortion of their belief!

Regarding the Quran (Surah al-Ma'idah) 5:17 They have certainly disbelieved who say that Allāh is Christ, the son of Mary. Say, "Then who could prevent Allāh at all if He had intended to destroy ...
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What is a Trinitarian explanation of how God can be with Himself?

John 1:1 says: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. A very common rebuttal to the Trinitarian understanding of this verse goes something like this: If the ...
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Did Jesus exist before his life, and if not could the Trinity be added to?

I take it to be Christian theology that Jesus was incarnate at His annunciation, leading the duopoly of God The Father, and The Holy Spirit to be added to and become a Trinity. Is that the limit and ...
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Against the context of John Chapter One, are the three records of John the Baptist's words, concerning Jesus, a proof of Jesus' pre-existence?

Three times, the apostle John records the witness of John the Baptist regarding Jesus being 'after' John yet 'before' John and 'first' - in 1:15, 1:27 and 1:30. John bore witness of Him, and cried ...
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What is the biblical basis for saying God is a Subsistent Being?

My question is not about philosophical views but is focused on theological views. According to Thomas Aquinas, God is a "subsistent being". He explained the Triune Persons as subsistent ...
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Why is there not a Liturgical Feast in honour of the Father within the Catholic Church?

Why is there not a Liturgical Feast in honour of the Father within the Catholic Church? The Catholic Church is trinitarian in thought and belief. Yet She has no liturgical celebration in honour of the ...
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Do any major orthodox Trinitarian theologians or denominations hold that St. Paul was closer to a Biblical Unitarian than a Trinitarian?

Reading through St. Paul's letters, I come away with the impression St. Paul would have been comfortable as a contemporary Biblical Unitarian. For one example among many, consider Romans 8:34. "...
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What was the real issue between Arius and Bishop Alexander at Nicaea in 325?

The conflict between the presbyter called Arius and his bishop Alexander of Alexandria, which began somewhere in 318/19, quickly spread through Egypt and Libya and the other Roman provinces [KAYE, ...
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From a non-Trinitarian perspective, how would you show that the Bible does not teach that the Son is equal with the Father?

See below for a more precise definition of the question. Two Views among Evangelicals Ted Peters says that if anything, contemporary mainline Protestant and Roman Catholic trinitarian thinking is “...
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Tertullian's "unius substantiæ" (of one substance) ≟ Nicea's ὁμοούσιος (consubstantial)?

Tertullian [b. c. 160 A.D.] had already used the Latin equivalent of Homoousion, conceding to [his contemporary] Praxeas the Sabellian that the Father and the Son were unius substantiæ, of one ...
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Should homoousion in the Nicene Creed be translated as "same substance" or as “one substance?”

Literally, homoousion means "same substance" from homos (same) and ousia (essence) (The Free Dictionary). But it is often translated as “one substance” (e.g., Merriam-Webster). The word “...
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Where did substance language enter the Trinity debate?

The Bible does not describe God and His Son in terms of substance. The closest we get is Hebrews 1:3, where the Son is described as the mirror image of the hypostasis of God. At the time, hypostasis ...
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Theologians who compared the tripartite division of civil authority to the Trinity?

Pope Pius XI, encyclical Quas primas (1925) instituting the feast of Christ the King, says that the "lordship of Christ […] consists […] in a threefold [tripartite] power which is essential to ...
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Personhood of the Holy Spirit [duplicate]

All the arguments I have read for a unique personhood of the Holy Spirit separate from the Father or Son are comprised of passages that show the Spirit’s emotions or independent will. (Example ...
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What was the 'orthodox' view of God and Christ when the Arian Controversy began?

In response to my question why Theodosius was successful in bringing the Arian Controversy to a close, @Anne gave me references to some articles. I have read one by Steven Wedgeworth. It is a very ...
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Is believing on God for salvation the same as believing in Jesus as Christ?

I'm interested in answers particularly from Evangelicals who might disagree with this idea, as well as those who agree with it. I'm especially interested in theological considerations - ie. does this ...
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Why was Theodosius successful in ending the Arian Controversy?

In the conventional account of the Arian controversy, the council of Constantinople in the year 381 made an end of that controversy. In reality, the controversy was brought to an end by Emperor ...
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Did the Holy Spirit manifest in people before Jesus?

In John 16:7-8, Jesus says: “But I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I am leaving; for if I do not leave, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. And He, ...
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Are there any Trinitarian denominations that do not view belief in the Trinity as a "salvation issue"?

Trinitarians that subscribe to the Athanasian Creed believe, by definition, that rejection of the doctrine of the Trinity disqualifies one from salvation. Are there any Trinitarian denominations that ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is “not” required for salvation?

What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is not required for salvation? The Athanasian Creed states "And in this Trinity, no one is before or after, greater or less than ...
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What is the the difference between the monotheism of Trinitarian Christianity and Judaism?

If both Judaism and Trinitariansm are monotheistic, Jesus being a jew, do both faiths have the same God? If the word mono means one, single how can it be explained logically that 3 is 1 and 1 is 3? ...
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How can you explain Matthew 24:36? [duplicate]

Matthew 24:36 (NIV) But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. I am aware that Jesus does not know the time of the final judgement in ...
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What is the standard term for views that aren't Unitarian?

When talking about views that aren't Trinitarian (such as LDS, JW, Christian Science, and so on) people often use the term 'Non-Trinitarian'. Is there a standard term for views that are 'Non-Unitarian'...
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How do Trinitarians explain James 1:17, John 4:24 and John 17:3?

James 1:17 Amplified Bible Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above; it comes down from the Father of lights [the Creator and Sustainer of the heavens], in whom there is no ...
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How can be Trinity Eternal?

It's said in Summa Theologica that the trinity ist eternal, three persons each one being G'd a well known fact in Christianism. I'd like to know, what is the greek explanation or the following (...
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If Jesus was God (The Famous John 1:1), Why was He exalted to higher position (as if he wasn't in that position)? [duplicate]

I was a Trinitarian until I discussed it with a JW. I still believe in the Trinity because there're many verses to back this up (including Matt. 28:19). But I wondered. According to Phil 2:9 and some ...
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