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Martin Luther on the salvation of Christian Soldiers?

I found this quote in the book Martin Luther: Rebel in an Age of Upheaval by Prof. Heinz Schilling. Where is the source of the quote in Luther's writing or any other place? He made a promise of ...
2 votes
0 answers
11 views

What did pastors in the 1800s in the United States teach their congregations about interacting with Native Americans?

Background During the 1800's, Americans expanded further West into the territory of Native Americans, which led to many interactions between settlers and Native Americans. From my limited but ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Does the prophet Haggai imply that Zerubbabel could be the Messiah? (Haggai 2)

The final words of the Book of Haggai are: The word of the Lord came a second time to Haggai on the twenty-fourth day of the month, “Speak to Zerub′babel, governor of Judah, saying, I am about to ...
2 votes
0 answers
18 views

How do New Perspective proponents respond to Robert Cara's 3 critiques on NPP?

A Gospel Coalition short essay (Justification and the New Perspective on Paul) by Robert J. Cara, author of the 2017 book Cracking the Foundation of the New Perspective on Paul: Covenantal Nomism ...
-2 votes
0 answers
21 views

Why Did God Separate The Woman from The Man, if Everything Was 'VERY GOOD' Before That? [closed]

Unlike within the other Five Days of Creation (when at the end of each day of creation God saw that Everything was 'Good'), ... at the end of The Sixth Day of Creation, after God Created The Man (both ...
2 votes
0 answers
12 views

What is a general survey of the Catholic traditions of the Apostle Paul visiting Spain?

Romans 15:24 describes Paul's desire (prediction?) of going to Spain. Many scholars believe that there is strong evidence in favor of Paul having visited Spain. They point out that it is reasonable to ...
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1 answer
23 views

Was Simon who hosted Jesus in Lk: 7, Mk:14 and Mtt: 26 one and the same person?

We hear Jesus telling his host in Lk 7:44: Then he turned toward the woman and said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I came into your house. You did not give me any water for my feet, but she wet ...
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0 answers
9 views

Why does 2-Peter 2:5 refer to Noah as "the eighth"? [migrated]

and if he did not spare the ancient world (but preserved Noah, the eighth, a herald of righteousness) when he brought the deluge on an ungodly world; 2-Peter 2:5 Mounce Reverse Interlinear New ...
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0 answers
14 views

How do Biblical Unitarians explain the use of the singular in 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17?

2 Thessalonians 2:16-17 is "Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father, who by grace has loved us and given us eternal comfort and good hope, encourage your hearts and strengthen ...
-1 votes
1 answer
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Is the word of God things themselves?

I once heard that the word of God is things themselves. But I can't find the source. If someone knows and can tell me, I would be very grateful! We know that in the Gospel of John, the Word of God is ...
3 votes
2 answers
52 views

The concept of nakedness: Is being naked an evil in and out of itself?

The Bible tells us that Adam and Eve, before their fall, were naked and were not ashamed of that (Gen. 2:25). However, right after their fall, that is, after they partook of the tree of knowledge of ...
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-1 votes
0 answers
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What denominations believe that all Christians have access to a direct self-authenticating experience of God?

My question is motivated by the following excerpt from William Lane Craig's Reasonable Faith article The Witness of the Holy Spirit: Plantinga's model involves crucially what is usually called the ...
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28 views

Is there any historical evidence that Paul's letters may have been tampered with?

First question here, but thankfully I'm relatively familiar with Stack Exchange so hopefully this question should be a good fit for the site. There are multiple passages in the letters of Paul that ...
1 vote
1 answer
25 views

What is "grace of state"?

In the context of vocations, what is a "grace of state"? not to be confused with "state of grace" (having sanctifying grace) Chad Ripperger, Introduction to the Science of Mental ...
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1 vote
2 answers
39 views

Do Venerables and Blesseds Have Liturgical Feast Days in the Catholic Church?

I am presently engaged in a writing project, a component of which pertains to Pauline Jaricot. She was recently declared Blessed in the Catholic Church (May, 2022). I am inclined to call January 9 her ...
4 votes
2 answers
50 views

Early church fathers on Mary as mediatrix

I was doing some research and even though could find different resources on devotion to Mary, Mary as the mother of God, I couldn't find anything useful about Mary as mediatrix / "to Jesus ...
1 vote
2 answers
89 views

What was the reason for the suspension of the “vegetarian mandate” in Gen 9:1-3 after maintaining it for over 1500 years? [closed]

Three points: #1 The “vegetarian mandate” was part and parcel of God’s original plan for creation. If one looks closely, one finds that the first chapter in Genesis is consistent in showing that the ...
2 votes
3 answers
55 views

Did Christian church find it difficult to accept Nicolaus Copernicus' heliocentric theory?

Explain the reasons for which the Christian church found it difficult to accept Nicolaus Copernicus' heliocentric theory.
-1 votes
1 answer
38 views

Did Mary Magdalene understand at the garden that Jesus had risen from the dead?

Have a look at the different versions of Jn 20:16 relating to the post-Resurrection appearance of Jesus to Mary Magdalene : Jesus said to her, Mary! Turning around she said to Him in Hebrew, Rabboni!—...
-1 votes
4 answers
105 views

In Catholicism, under what circumstances is 'abortion' condoned?

In Catholicism, under what circumstances is abortion condoned besides ectopic pregnancy? Two specific circumstances I'm wondering about: If the pregnant female was raped at a very young age e.g. 5 ...
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-2 votes
0 answers
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Did OT prophecy say the temple would be destroyed once?

Therefore this is what the sovereign Lord says: I – even I – am against you, and I will execute judgment among you while the nations watch. I will do to you what I have never done before and will ...
3 votes
1 answer
56 views

How do Protestants who believe in predestination interpret "plant" in Matt 15:13?

How do Protestants who believe in predestination interpret "plant" in Matt 15:13: He answered, “Every plant that my heavenly Father has not planted will be rooted up. Should the plants be ...
1 vote
0 answers
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What prayers to use for vespers before an 'Angelic Feast' when the feast is raised to a solemnity?

Assuming Ken Graham's answer is more correct than Andrew Leach's on this question: If your the cathedral parish of your diocese has burned down, is the feast day of the patron saint still a solemnity? ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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How does LDS creation doctrine explain so many different words for the creation process in Isaiah 45:18?

This comment below from an answer to this question The very, very short answer is YES, all spirit/intelligence (and matter) is self-existent, and the act of creation is forming them, not creating ...
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2 answers
45 views

What is the "violence" (Gen 6:11) that prompted God to bring on the Great Flood during the time of Noah?

In Gen 6:11, the narrator says, "The earth was filled with violence." It is this "violence" that moves God to plan the Great Flood. The 2014 movie, "Noah," dramatizes ...
6 votes
1 answer
41 views

What Sunday services were held in a tyical English parish church before the Reformation?

I can find much material about monastic services, but nothing about the worship pattern in a typical rural parish. The Mass would have been celebrated, of course, but was there a morning and/or ...
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0 answers
6 views

How was Esau's wife named Judith? [migrated]

"When Esau was forty years old, he took Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite to be his wife, and Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite." (Genesis 26:34) According to Hebrew etymology ...
2 votes
4 answers
259 views
+50

What are Christian apologetics refutations of the objections posited by the site "Why Won't God Heal Amputees?"?

The site: https://whywontgodhealamputees.com/ Relevant quotes: Is God real, or is he imaginary? Is God real, or is he imaginary? It is one of the most important questions you can ask yourself. If God ...
1 vote
0 answers
24 views

What according to Catholic scholars, was the reason behind Nathaniel's prejudice against Nazareth?

We read in Jn 1:43 -46 of the impulsive reaction of Nathaniel who is told of Jesus : The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me"...Philip found ...
-1 votes
0 answers
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What was the role of Nathaniel in the Ministry of Jesus? [migrated]

We see Jesus selecting some of his disciples in Jn 1: 43-51 (NRSVCE): The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.... Philip found Nathaniel and said to ...
2 votes
0 answers
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Do Catholics believe that unbaptized Protestants go to heaven?

Do Catholics believe baptism is necessary for salvation? According to Catholicism, would an unbaptized Protestant go to Heaven?
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How to Choose a Doctoral Program in Theology?

I have long considered a ThD (from the time I started my MDiv) and already have a research interest (in Pastoral Ministry) in mind. I was going to go to my denomination's seminary and pay the cost ...
3 votes
1 answer
130 views

According to LDS can an unmarried person be exalted equally with a married person or at all?

From an LDS article on marriage: The covenant of eternal marriage is necessary for exaltation. The Lord revealed through Joseph Smith: “In the celestial glory there are three heavens or degrees; and ...
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1 vote
1 answer
59 views

Does Predestination apply to all people or just the major characters God needed for His plans for us to unfold?

Certainly verses like Psalm 139:13-16 and Jeremiah 1:5 are about God and important figures agreeing that God created THEM as individuals with a soul and spirit before they were born (or even before He ...
1 vote
1 answer
34 views

Origin and meaning of this Christian symbol (Christus Rex)

On the cover of Charles Hartshorne's Creative Synthesis and Philosophic Method published by SCM Press (London 1970) there is this symbol A Google image search suggests that this is called a Christus ...
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2 votes
3 answers
131 views

Has any Christian philosopher ever argued that naturalism can be shown to be false?

From Wikipedia: In philosophy, naturalism is the idea or belief that only natural laws and forces (as opposed to supernatural ones) operate in the universe.[1] Naturalism is not so much a special ...
2 votes
2 answers
150 views

How central is the claim the pope is the antichrist to Protestant theology?

When I read through Luther's writings awhile back, I noticed he said the pope was the antichrist. I thought this was just some of Luther's usual hyperbolic rhetoric. However, I've learned that many (...
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-1 votes
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What Early Church Father taught that marriage is between a man and a woman?

It is very obvious that marriage biblically is defined as being between one men and women one (Genesis 2:23-24, Matthew 19:5-6, Mark 10:6-8, 1 Corinthians 7:2, Hebrews 17:4) but what Early Church ...
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0 answers
8 views

What happens to the substance of a Eucharistic host after it is consumed? [duplicate]

Ofter eating an object that appears to us to be a wafer, but is really fully Jesus, our body digests the accidental bread like part of the object. However, what happens to the substantial part? Does ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Do Eucharistic miracles all have the same DNA?

I have seen it claimed there are thousands of Eucharistic miracles, where what appears to us to be wafer and wine by their accidents, but in actuality are Jesus in substance, have their accidents also ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the correct term for the wafer after Eucharistic consecration?

Before the priest performs the Eucharistic ceremony, he holds an object we call a 'wafer'. After the ceremony is complete, can we still correctly call the object a 'wafer'? Or can it only be ...
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0 votes
4 answers
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Does modern physics contradict transubstantiation?

According to modern physics, all physical things are reducible to atoms, and that's all they are. In the doctrine of transubstantiation, the piece of bread's substance is transformed into Jesus, while ...
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5 votes
1 answer
47 views

When was the Old Testament Canon defined?

When was the Old Testament Canon defined? I wonder if it was defined in the days when Jesus was crucified
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0 votes
1 answer
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Why does the unknown author of Hebrews attribute authorship of Psalm 95 to David, but in my bible it is not written that the author of it is David?

I wonder why does the unknown author of Hebrews attribute authorship of Psalm 95 to David, but in my bible it is not written that the author of it is David? Was it an error from the unknown author of ...
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9 votes
3 answers
3k views

Did the early church believe that Jesus was crucified on a cross or on a stake?

Jehovah's Witnesses unlike any other Christian sects believe that Jesus Christ was not crucified on a cross but was instead crucified on a torture stake, did the Early Church Fathers believe that ...
3 votes
2 answers
186 views

What is the biblical basis for the doctrine of original sin?

I was recently discussing theology and baptism with my Arminian teacher when he mentioned that he doesn't believe in the doctrine of original sin, saying "I don't believe sin is genetic". ...
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2 votes
3 answers
74 views

General, albeit serious and well written reference for an introduction to Protestantism

I'd like to have some references for books to get a grasp of Protestantism: history, development, theology, philosophy, dogmas, rituals etc, among its diverse branches. Preferably from authors not ...
1 vote
1 answer
67 views

How is Tamar Viewed in Judeo-Christian tradition?

Personally I consider Tamar, the wife of Judah, to be one of the great women of Bible -- the Mother of most Jews and the foremother of Jesus. However, her story is a troubling one. She is most famous ...
4 votes
0 answers
56 views

According to LDS what is the Biblical basis for commending Adam's disobedience in the Garden of Eden?

Joseph Fielding Smith wrote ( https://www.lds.org/study/ensign/1998/01/in-the-beginning-a-latter-day-perspective?lang=eng): In contrast to most readers of the Bible, we believe that Adam and Eve both ...
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2 votes
0 answers
32 views

What was the first infallible statement made by a pope?

According to the Catholic Church, what was the first infallible statement made by a pope, by himself, outside an ecumenical council?

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