Questions tagged [exegesis]

Exegesis is the interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance. Most exegesis questions should be asked at the Biblical Hermeneutics site; exegesis questions on this site need to specify a perspective and explain why an answer from that perspective is needed.

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Has any Catholic scholar fully explained the deeper meaning of the allegory of eagle in Deut 32: 11-12?

We read in Deut 32:11-12 (NRSVCE): As an eagle stirs up its nest, and hovers over its young; as it spreads its wings, takes them up, and bears them aloft on its pinions, the Lord alone guided him; no ...
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Do the Sacred Scriptures "customarily represented the soul by the masculine sex, but the flesh by the feminine"?

In De sacramentis fidei Book I, pt. 12, ch. 2, Hugh of St. Victor says the circumcision of the flesh was given to men alone, for the Sacred Scriptures customarily represented the soul by the ...
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How do Christians who believe that salvation can be lost interpret John 6:37-44 and John 10:11-30?

John 6:37-44 (ESV) 37 All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. 38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who ...
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How do those who believe that salvation cannot be lost interpret Revelation 3:14-22?

Revelation 3:14-22 (ESV): 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation. 15 “‘I know your works: you are ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how can one justify infant baptism?

I have read the entire Westminster Confession of faith before; and I agree with pretty much everything except for the infant baptism section: Not only those that do actually profess faith in and ...
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Is there a biblical theory that tries to explain the mechanism of prayer?

I ask this question because there are some verses that imply that, although God hear our prayers immediately, there is some kind of bureaucracy in heaven that causes a delay in the answer to our ...
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According to Reformed Theology, what is the exegetical basis for the claim that 1 Timothy 2:4 means "all kinds of people"?

I am not an expert with Hermeneutics or methods of Exegesis, yet I am in the process of learning such things. This particular verse is easier to understand in terms of a basic tenet of Hermeneutics, ...
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According to Protestantism, why is Hermeneutics necessary if we have the Holy Spirit?

We can understand in Protestant circles that Biblical Hermeneutics are important; for without such methods of interpretation the Scripture becomes “hard to understand” in many portions & passages. ...
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Where did the nomenclature “godfather” originate from?

As per Catholic tradition, a baby at the time of baptism, gets a godfather and a godmother. They are the ones who present the child at baptism and promise to take responsibility for his/her ...
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According to Protestant interpretations, is Romans 3:5-6 a text relating to Theodicy or something else?

We read: “But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unjust who inflicts wrath? (I speak as a man.) Certainly not! For then how will God judge the ...
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How do believers in eternal conscious separation/torment reconcile their belief with Jesus' words at Matthew 10:39?

Matthew 10:39 Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for My sake will find it. Jesus has just warned His disciples of the hardships they will face if they choose to follow ...
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Did Solomon himself actually offer sacrifices to other gods?

Here are the verses in question: 4 As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been....
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Why was the phrase "..as though he heard them not." deleted from many versions of Jn 8:6? [migrated]

We find that John 8:6 is phrased in different terms in different versions, for example: NIV: They were using this question as a trap, in order to have a basis for accusing him. But Jesus bent down ...
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Doesn't God giving orders to demons contradict the principle of double effect?

Doesn't God giving orders to demons contradict the principle of double effect? 1 Kings 22:19-23, 1 Samuel 16:14 and Judges 9:23 clearly seem to say that God gave orders to demons. Thomas Aquinas also ...
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How do believers in the Great Apostasy reconcile their views with Matthew 16:18?

From the Wikipedia article on the Great Apostasy: The Great Apostasy is a concept within Christianity, identifiable at least from the time of the Reformation, to describe a perception that the early ...
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How does the Catholic Church explain their interpretation of Matthew 16:19 (Simon Peter as the first Pope) in light of Matthew 18:18?

In Matthew 16:18–19, Jesus says: And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto ...
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Church Fathers exegesis of the Rock of Matthew 16:18?

How do Catholics answer this Patristic Exegesis of the Rock of Matthew 16:18 compiled by William Webster? As a Catholic I am a bit confused. Augustine Remember, in this man Peter, the rock. He’s the ...
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What is the basis for a mythical reading of Genesis 1-2?

I have seen many times the claim that Genesis 1-2 is intended by the author(s) to be taken as a myth, that ancient people took it as a myth, etc. Now, maybe I'm just weird, but I don't see this from ...
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Why did the Lord want to kill Moses on the latter's way back to Egypt?

We read in Ex 4: 19-24: Now the Lord had said to Moses in Midian, “Go back to Egypt, for all those who wanted to kill you are dead.” So Moses took his wife and sons, put them on a donkey and started ...
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How do Protestants interpret "Give us this day our daily bread"?

Disclaimer: I understand that there is no monolithic Protestant belief on any topic except a protestation of the Catholic Church. That being said - I would appreciate it if this answer contained some ...
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How do the Church Fathers approach the Speeches of Job's Comforters?

In many places the speeches of Job's comforters are beautiful, they appear to be true, and Paul quotes one of them. Yet, at the end of the book the Lord condemns them for speaking falsely. Yet, all ...
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Who said, “The exegesis favors the Calvinist”?

I’m trying to find an obscure quote from a particular theologian who in his commentary on a particular verse of Scripture wrote something along the lines of the following: “The exegesis favors the ...
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Is Ignatius' claim that Christians didn't keep the Sabbath correctly translated?

According to this pro-Sabbatarian source, Ignatius' statement, normally translated thus, is incorrect (emphasis mine): If then those who had walked in ancient practices attained unto newness of hope, ...
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How do believers in modern-day miracles interpret John 20:29 & 2 Corinthians 5:7 (faith without sight)?

John 20:29 (ESV) 29 Then Jesus told him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.” 2 Corinthians 5:6-7 (ESV) 6 So we are always of ...
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If everyone has a fair chance to be saved, then how is this reconciled with Romans 10:11-17 & John 6:44?

This question is scoped to Christians who believe that: humans have libertarian free will (or at least are given temporarily some form of genuine freedom of the will through divine grace in specific ...
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What is the Reformed Interpretation of Galatians 5:4?

To lay out the context of the verse at hand: “Stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not be entangled again with a yoke of bondage. Indeed I, Paul, say to you ...
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How do believers in an eternal conscious torment/separation interpret Matthew 10:28?

Matthew 10:28 `And be not afraid of those killing the body, and are not able to kill the soul, but fear rather Him who is able both soul and body to destroy in gehenna. (YLT) And do not be afraid of ...
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How do Annihilationists interpret Matthew 10:28?

Matthew 10:28 `And be not afraid of those killing the body, and are not able to kill the soul, but fear rather Him who is able both soul and body to destroy in gehenna. (YLT) And do not be afraid of ...
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What is the Protestant view of John 20:23 and the disciples ability to forgive sins?

Besides the Anglican Church (as far as I'm aware) no Protestant Church practices confession. John 20:23 (ESV) says: 23 If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you withhold ...
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How do Christians who believe that Jesus preached to the dead in Sheol justify reversing the chronological order of verses 18 & 19 of 1 Peter 3? [closed]

1 Peter 3:18-19 has been one of the most controversial passages in the Bible throughout time. And for good reason. I'd like to address a particular interpretation of the passage, however. 1 Peter 3:...
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Is there a name for solving doctrinal disputes that cannot be decided on exegesis alone by surveying the positions of the Ante-Nicene Fathers?

If two mutually contradictory doctrines A and B can both be defended through careful exegesis of different sets of passages, in such a manner that there is no obvious way to "prove" (in a ...
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How do proponents of an intermediate state reconcile 1 Peter 3:18-20 ("spirits in prison") and Luke 23:43 ("today in paradise")?

According to believers in an intermediate state between death and the resurrection: Did Jesus go to a paradise in Sheol while he was dead (see Bosom of Abraham)? And he said to him, “Truly, I say to ...
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How do proponents of an intermediate state interpret Matthew 7:21-23?

Matthew 7:21-23 (ESV): 21 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. 22 On that day many will say to me,...
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How do Unitarians interpret Zechariah 12:10?

I have poured on the house of David [...] And they have looked unto Me whom they pierced Zechariah 12:10 (YLT) (See also the Interlinear.) Contextually, it is clear that these verses are God speaking ...
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How do Christians who believe that the saints enter a blissful state as soon as they die explain David, Isaiah & Job's pessimistic outlook on death?

I'm specifically talking about the following passages: David “What profit is there in my death, if I go down to the pit? Will the dust praise you? Will it tell of your faithfulness? [Psalm 30:9 ESV] ...
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5 votes
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How do adherents to the maxim "clearer passages interpret less clear ones" handle cases where two sets of "clear" passages contradict each other?

Many times I've heard suggestions to the effect that "clearer passages should guide our interpretation of less clear ones". This is related to the principle that "Scripture interprets ...
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3 votes
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According to soul sleep adherents, what's wrong with an "Occam's razor" interpretation of 1 Samuel 28 (Saul and the Medium of En-dor)?

By an Occam's razor interpretation of 1 Samuel 28, I mean an interpretation that is as straightforward as possible, which doesn't require making unnecessary assumptions or special pleadings in the way ...
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Is Isaiah 2:9-22 about the Second Coming of Christ?

We read: “People bow down, And each man humbles himself; Therefore do not forgive them. Enter into the rock, and hide in the dust, From the terror of the Lord And the glory of His majesty. The lofty ...
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How do believers in the tripartite nature of man (body, soul and spirit) reconcile Genesis 2:7, 1 Corinthians 15:44-45 and Matthew 10:28?

Essentially I'd like to know what trichotomists (i.e. believers in a tripartite nature of man, consisting of body, soul and spirit) have to say about a question I recently asked on Biblical ...
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How do believers in the tripartite nature of man (body, soul and spirit) explain Jesus' omission of the word "spirit" in Matthew 10:28?

Matthew 10:28: 28 `And be not afraid of those killing the body, and are not able to kill the soul, but fear rather Him who is able both soul and body to destroy in gehenna. [YLT] 28 And fear not them ...
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How do those who believe that the dead are conscious explain passages in Psalms that seem to suggest otherwise?

I'm specifically talking about the following passages (courtesy of this very insightful answer): Psalm 6:5 "For there is no mention of You in death; In Sheol, who will praise You?" Psalm ...
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4 votes
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Against the context of John Chapter One, are the three records of John the Baptist's words, concerning Jesus, a proof of Jesus' pre-existence?

Three times, the apostle John records the witness of John the Baptist regarding Jesus being 'after' John yet 'before' John and 'first' - in 1:15, 1:27 and 1:30. John bore witness of Him, and cried ...
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What is the simplest, clearest interpretation of the English text of the Authorized Version on Romans 9:5?

Please give me your natural reading of this English language Bible verse from the Authorized Version. Romans 9:5 (AV) Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is ...
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The first seven weeks of Daniel’s 70 week prophesy

I understand how Daniel’s prophesy of 69 weeks until “Messiah the Prince” has been fulfilled (Daniel 9:25), but I have a question about the first seven weeks of his prophesy. Was Jerusalem rebuilt in ...
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How do Trinitarians explain James 1:17, John 4:24 and John 17:3?

James 1:17 Amplified Bible Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above; it comes down from the Father of lights [the Creator and Sustainer of the heavens], in whom there is no ...
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Does Romans 8:1 Cast Doubt On Purgatory?

Romans 8:1: There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. How do Catholics respond to the apparent incompatibility between this verse and purgatory? That being that we ...
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How do believers in modern demon possessions and exorcisms interpret 2 Peter 2:4?

2 Peter 2:4 (ESV): For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment; If the angels that sinned ...
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Are Christian scholars of the Old Testament aware of classic medieval Jewish commentaries on the Bible?

I ask this because I sometimes come across blog posts by supposedly learned Christian pastors discussing some passage in the Old Testament that is unclear in some way, and the pastor comes up with ...
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How do believers in modern-day apostles interpret 2 Corinthians 12:11-12?

2 Corinthians 12:11-12: 11 I have been a fool! You forced me to it, for I ought to have been commended by you. For I was not at all inferior to these super-apostles, even though I am nothing. 12 The ...
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What meaning would Philippians 2:9 have if Jesus is equal with God? Was Jesus praised for not seizing equality with himself?

Philippians 2:6-9 ASV 6 who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped 7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the ...
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