Questions tagged [exegesis]

Exegesis is the interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance. Most exegesis questions should be asked at the Biblical Hermeneutics site; exegesis questions on this site need to specify a perspective and explain why an answer from that perspective is needed.

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Why does 2-Peter 2:5 refer to Noah as "the eighth"? [migrated]

and if he did not spare the ancient world (but preserved Noah, the eighth, a herald of righteousness) when he brought the deluge on an ungodly world; 2-Peter 2:5 Mounce Reverse Interlinear New ...
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1 answer
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How do Protestants who believe in predestination interpret "plant" in Matt 15:13?

How do Protestants who believe in predestination interpret "plant" in Matt 15:13: He answered, “Every plant that my heavenly Father has not planted will be rooted up. Should the plants be ...
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Why was John the Baptist restrained from drinking wine? [migrated]

We read in Luke 1:13-15 (NRSVCE) of the Angel foretelling the birth of John the Baptist: Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you ...
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4 answers
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Are the numbers in the Book of Revelation symbolic?

There are some strange numbers in Revelation. For example: The seven Spirits of God (Rev 4:5); Exactly 12,000 are sealed from each of the 12 tribes of Jerusalem (Rev 7:4). The blood flows out of the ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians interpret Isaiah 9:6?

Unlike Jehovah's Witnesses, BUs don't have a conception of lesser "gods". Given this, how do they interpret Isaiah 9:6, which calls Jesus the following titles: For a child will be born for ...
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How do those who believe Jesus was eternally the Son explain Jesus being chosen?

Luke 9:35 is And a voice came from the cloud, saying, “This is My Son, whom I have chosen. Listen to Him!” The concept of 'choosing' entails a chronological sequence of events, where one is ...
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How do Christians reconcile Romans 10:17 with the fact that there are people who hear the gospel preached but remain unconvinced? [closed]

17 So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ. (Romans 10:17 ESV) There are people who hear the gospel preached, yet remain unconvinced. How do Christians reconcile this fact ...
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Do Trinitarians and Binitarians think Paul changed his teaching regarding Jesus? Rom 9:5 [closed]

Noted is a persistent use of select bible verses using a proof-texting methodology defined by one or more of three broad practices - Taken out of context, ignoring the immediate passage. Using ...
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How do Trinitarians explain that Jesus himself claims He is a man who has heard things from God at John 8:40?

In Acts 2:22, St. Peter says "Fellow Israelites, listen to this! Jesus of Nazareth was a man who had God's approval." I have asked about this particular line here. Similarly, Jesus himself ...
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How do Pentecostal and Charismatic Christians respond to William Lane Craig's lectures on the Baptism and Filling of the Holy Spirit?

From Doctrine of the Holy Spirit (Part 5): The Baptism In the Holy Spirit: Baptism and Fullness of the Holy Spirit Today we want to look at the baptism and fullness of the Holy Spirit. There’s a ...
4 votes
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Who signed the 1982 Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics?

From the official repository of the International Council on Biblical Inerrancy (ICBI) we can see the list signers for the 1978 Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy out of over 300 who attended ...
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How do Arminian Protestants interpret Chapter 3 Article 1 of the Westminster Confession of Faith?

Q: How do Arminian Protestants interpret Chapter 3 Article 1 of the Westminster Confession of Faith? We read: CHAPTER 3 - Of God’s Eternal Decree God, from all eternity, did, by the most wise and ...
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Between Protestants & Catholics what are the major disagreements with respect to Church history?

I’ve recently wondered at the claims that the Catholic Church had stated that they began 2,000 years ago, and that the Protestant church only began back with Martin Luther or in the 1500’s. In terms ...
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According to Protestant NT scholars/historians did Gamaliel get the chronology & history wrong in Acts 5?

I was listening on (audio) to Wayne Grudem’s systematic theology and in the chapter on biblical inerrancy.. he mentioned some people dispute Gamaliel's historical accuracy on certain uprisings, and ...
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What do charismatic theologians say about Speaking in Tongues without an interpretation?

In 1 Corinthians 14:28 it states: εαν δε μη η διερμηνευτης σιγατω εν εκκλησια εαυτω δε λαλειτω και τω θεω But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to ...
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What are examples of Latter-day Saint doctrines that are NOT completely based on the Bible?

What are examples of Latter-day Saint doctrines that cannot possibly be inferred from reading the Bible only, but require additional sources in order to be established? Note (in response to downvotes):...
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According to Protestant Old Testament Scholars, why did God charge Adam & Eve to multiply during creation week if they didn’t until after the fall?

Q: According to Protestant Old Testament Scholars, why did God charge Adam & Eve to multiply during creation week if they didn’t until after the fall? It would appear that as soon as God made ...
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According to Protestant New Testament exegetes, did Jesus use figure of speech with respect to the second death in these 2 places in scripture?

If we read John 16:25-30 we know Jesus sometimes spoke figuratively. Jesus even said so Himself. My question is, in 2 places in Scripture is Jesus using the term death figuratively to refer to the ...
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Does Revelation 3:10 really confirm the rapture before beast mark?

Revelation 3:10 states: 10 Since you have kept my command to endure patiently, I will also keep you from the hour of trial that is going to come on the whole world to test the inhabitants of the ...
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How do those who interpret John 10:30 as a claim to full divine equality by Jesus also interpret John 10:29, which says the Father is greater?

John 10:30 is a common proof-text for Trinitarians and others who assert Jesus' equality with the Father. It is "I and the Father are one." at which the hostile Jews around him pick up ...
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Does 2 Thessalonians 1:9-10 contradict premillennialism?

In 2 Thessalonians 1:9-10, Paul writes of the wicked (NKJV, emphasis mine): These shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power, when He ...
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Did R.C Sproul consider any historical-seeming book to be non-historical?

I was watching this video on YouTube by R.C. Sproul and it discussed the Sensus Literalis, and how genre matters. One comment that surpised me was that, Sproul says it may take a lot of technical work ...
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According to Catholic scholars, does Gen. 1:27b ("male and female he created them") follow from Gen. 1:27a ("God created man to his own image")?

Gen. 1:27 (NRSV-CE) says: So God created humankind in his image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. See that the author of Genesis puts two accounts: one, on the ...
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How do people who say Jesus did not exist prior to his birth interpret Philippians 2:7? [duplicate]

Philippians 2:7: but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. In this passage, we see that Jesus “emptied himself” and became a servant. But this seems ...
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Arminianism's Human's Free Will in light of Proverbs 16:4 & Proverbs 16:33 (since said verses strongly suggest support for Calvinism's predestination)

Proverbs 16:4 The Lord has made everything for [c]its own purpose, Even the wicked for the day of evil. 16:4 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex כֹּ֤ל פָּעַ֣ל יְ֭הוָה לַֽמַּעֲנֵ֑הוּ וְגַם־רָ֝שָׁ֗ע ...
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Has any Catholic scholar fully explained the deeper meaning of the allegory of eagle in Deut 32: 11-12?

We read in Deut 32:11-12 (NRSVCE): As an eagle stirs up its nest, and hovers over its young; as it spreads its wings, takes them up, and bears them aloft on its pinions, the Lord alone guided him; no ...
2 votes
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How do Christians who believe that salvation can be lost interpret John 6:37-44 and John 10:11-30?

John 6:37-44 (ESV) 37 All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. 38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who ...
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How do those who believe that salvation cannot be lost interpret Revelation 3:14-22?

Revelation 3:14-22 (ESV): 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation. 15 “‘I know your works: you are ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how can one justify infant baptism?

I have read the entire Westminster Confession of faith before; and I agree with pretty much everything except for the infant baptism section: Not only those that do actually profess faith in and ...
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Is there a biblical theory that tries to explain the mechanism of prayer?

I ask this question because there are some verses that imply that, although God hear our prayers immediately, there is some kind of bureaucracy in heaven that causes a delay in the answer to our ...
4 votes
1 answer
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According to Reformed Theology, what is the exegetical basis for the claim that 1 Timothy 2:4 means "all kinds of people"?

I am not an expert with Hermeneutics or methods of Exegesis, yet I am in the process of learning such things. This particular verse is easier to understand in terms of a basic tenet of Hermeneutics, ...
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According to Protestantism, why is Hermeneutics necessary if we have the Holy Spirit?

We can understand in Protestant circles that Biblical Hermeneutics are important; for without such methods of interpretation the Scripture becomes “hard to understand” in many portions & passages. ...
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Where did the nomenclature “godfather” originate from?

As per Catholic tradition, a baby at the time of baptism, gets a godfather and a godmother. They are the ones who present the child at baptism and promise to take responsibility for his/her ...
2 votes
1 answer
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According to Protestant interpretations, is Romans 3:5-6 a text relating to Theodicy or something else?

We read: “But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unjust who inflicts wrath? (I speak as a man.) Certainly not! For then how will God judge the ...
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How do believers in eternal conscious separation/torment reconcile their belief with Jesus' words at Matthew 10:39?

Matthew 10:39 Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for My sake will find it. Jesus has just warned His disciples of the hardships they will face if they choose to follow ...
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Did Solomon himself actually offer sacrifices to other gods?

Here are the verses in question: 4 As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been....
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Doesn't God giving orders to demons contradict the principle of double effect?

Doesn't God giving orders to demons contradict the principle of double effect? 1 Kings 22:19-23, 1 Samuel 16:14 and Judges 9:23 clearly seem to say that God gave orders to demons. Thomas Aquinas also ...
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How do believers in the Great Apostasy reconcile their views with Matthew 16:18?

From the Wikipedia article on the Great Apostasy: The Great Apostasy is a concept within Christianity, identifiable at least from the time of the Reformation, to describe a perception that the early ...
5 votes
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How does the Catholic Church explain their interpretation of Matthew 16:19 (Simon Peter as the first Pope) in light of Matthew 18:18?

In Matthew 16:18–19, Jesus says: And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Church Fathers exegesis of the Rock of Matthew 16:18?

How do Catholics answer this Patristic Exegesis of the Rock of Matthew 16:18 compiled by William Webster? As a Catholic I am a bit confused. Augustine Remember, in this man Peter, the rock. He’s the ...
3 votes
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What is the basis for a mythical reading of Genesis 1-2?

I have seen many times the claim that Genesis 1-2 is intended by the author(s) to be taken as a myth, that ancient people took it as a myth, etc. Now, maybe I'm just weird, but I don't see this from ...
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Why did the Lord want to kill Moses on the latter's way back to Egypt?

We read in Ex 4: 19-24: Now the Lord had said to Moses in Midian, “Go back to Egypt, for all those who wanted to kill you are dead.” So Moses took his wife and sons, put them on a donkey and started ...
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How do Protestants interpret "Give us this day our daily bread"?

Disclaimer: I understand that there is no monolithic Protestant belief on any topic except a protestation of the Catholic Church. That being said - I would appreciate it if this answer contained some ...
4 votes
2 answers
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How do the Church Fathers approach the Speeches of Job's Comforters?

In many places the speeches of Job's comforters are beautiful, they appear to be true, and Paul quotes one of them. Yet, at the end of the book the Lord condemns them for speaking falsely. Yet, all ...
2 votes
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Who said, “The exegesis favors the Calvinist”?

I’m trying to find an obscure quote from a particular theologian who in his commentary on a particular verse of Scripture wrote something along the lines of the following: “The exegesis favors the ...
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Is Ignatius' claim that Christians didn't keep the Sabbath correctly translated?

According to this pro-Sabbatarian source, Ignatius' statement, normally translated thus, is incorrect (emphasis mine): If then those who had walked in ancient practices attained unto newness of hope, ...
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How do believers in modern-day miracles interpret John 20:29 & 2 Corinthians 5:7 (faith without sight)?

John 20:29 (ESV) 29 Then Jesus told him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.” 2 Corinthians 5:6-7 (ESV) 6 So we are always of ...
1 vote
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If everyone has a fair chance to be saved, then how is this reconciled with Romans 10:11-17 & John 6:44?

This question is scoped to Christians who believe that: humans have libertarian free will (or at least are given temporarily some form of genuine freedom of the will through divine grace in specific ...
4 votes
1 answer
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What is the Reformed Interpretation of Galatians 5:4?

To lay out the context of the verse at hand: “Stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not be entangled again with a yoke of bondage. Indeed I, Paul, say to you ...
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How do believers in an eternal conscious torment/separation interpret Matthew 10:28?

Matthew 10:28 `And be not afraid of those killing the body, and are not able to kill the soul, but fear rather Him who is able both soul and body to destroy in gehenna. (YLT) And do not be afraid of ...

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