Questions tagged [exegesis]

Exegesis is the interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance. Most exegesis questions should be asked at the Biblical Hermeneutics site; exegesis questions on this site need to specify a perspective and explain why an answer from that perspective is needed.

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What meaning would Philippians 2:9 have if Jesus is equal with God? Was Jesus praised for not seizing equality with himself?

Philippians 2:6-9 ASV 6 who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped 7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the ...
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What is the Protestant understanding of the Greek "anamnesis" and "poieo" in Luke 22:19?

The Roman-Catholic Church argues that Christ has established the ministerial priesthood (as distinct from the priesthood of all believers, cf. 1 Peter 2:9), at the first supper. Particularly, ...
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Do Biblical Unitarians view John 1:14 and Philippians 2:5-8 as two complementary descriptions of the same event?

John 1:14 (YLT): 14 And the Word became flesh, and did tabernacle among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only begotten of a father, full of grace and truth. Philippians 2:5-8 (YLT): 5 ...
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In what sense are "vessels of mercy prepared beforehand" in Romans 9:23?

Rom 9:23 "What if He did this to make the riches of His glory known to the vessels of His mercy, whom He prepared beforehand for glory" I'm trying to better understand various ...
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Do any Church Fathers ever interpret the mark of the beast to be the wearing of the traditional Jewish tefillin?

Do any Church Fathers ever interpret the mark of the beast in Revelation 13:16-18 to be the wearing of the traditional Jewish tefillin Dr. Taylor Marshall is a popular lay theologian, an American ...
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How do Cessationists interpret 1 Corinthians 14:24-25?

1 Corinthians 14:24-25 (ESV): 24 But if all prophesy, and an unbeliever or outsider enters, he is convicted by all, he is called to account by all, 25 the secrets of his heart are disclosed, and so, ...
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How do Modalists explain the first person plural pronouns in John 14:23?

John 14:23 says: Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode (literally, we will make) with ...
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How do Cessationists interpret Matthew 7:21-23?

Matthew 7:21-23 (NASB): 21 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter. 22 Many will say to Me ...
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How do Christians who believe in current-day Apostles, Prophets and the 5-fold ministry interpret Revelation 21?

This question is an extension of my previous question How do Christians who believe in current-day Apostles, Prophets and the 5-fold ministry interpret Ephesians 2:20?. I encourage the reader to read ...
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How do Christians who believe in current-day Apostles, Prophets and the 5-fold ministry interpret Ephesians 2:20?

The idea of a 5-fold ministry originally comes from Ephesians 4:11-13: 11 And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers, 12 to equip the saints for the work of ...
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According to Catholicism, was Adam with Eve when the serpent tempted her?

Genesis 3 says that the serpent addressed the woman: Gen. 3:1 "the serpent […] said to the woman" Gen. 3:4 "the serpent said to the woman" Gen. 3:6 is that chapter's first ...
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How do those who cite 2 Tim 3:16 to prove the inspiration of Scripture know that 2 Tim 3:16 is itself inspired and what is meant by "All Scripture"?

I really like the approach of asking people Socratic questions as a means of gaining deeper insight into why they believe what they believe. For example, when I've asked people to explain to me how ...
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What practical difference does it make between "Word by word" Inspiration and Dynamic Inspiration of the Bible?

"Word by word" inspiration of the Bible: is the view that each word of the Bible was inspired by God, He miraculously guided the authors to write the exact word He wanted to be written, free ...
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How do Cessationists reconcile the doctrine of Cessationism with Paul's exhortation to earnestly desire the spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians 14:1?

1 Corinthians 14:1 (ESV) Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy What would be the point of earnestly desiring the spiritual gifts if they have ceased?...
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According to Protestants who don't accept something like the real presence, why was Jesus' teaching at John 6 so hard?

John 6:59-60 is "Jesus said this while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum. 60 On hearing it, many of His disciples said, “This is a difficult teaching. Who can accept it?”" The ...
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Why God allowed some captives from Judah to be exposed in idolatry acts of Babylon [closed]

In the book of Jeremiah, God wants to punish Judah for different acts of sin like idolatry. God will use Babylon as the instrument to fulfill those prophecy and to stop them in worshipping their ...
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How do annihilationists understand Matthew 10:15?

Matthew 10:15 reads: "Truly I tell you, it will be more bearable for Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town." NIV How do annihilationists like Jehovah's Witnesses or ...
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Did the idea of humans being hard-wired for God exist in late antique Christianity?

According to Islamic theology, the belief in a single God (as opposed to polytheism or idolatry) is a natural disposition of the human mind, a concept referred to as Fitrah. Did a similar idea existed ...
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Does John 6:64-65 prove total depravity?

John 6:64-65 reads: “But there are some of you who do not believe.” For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were who did not believe, and who it was who would betray Him. And He was saying “For ...
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Are the weaknesses in man intended by God? What are those weaknesses? Are they sinful?

In the scriptures, it says in Romans 8:20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope. I also remember Paul saying in 2 Corin. 12:9 that: ...
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How do Trinitarians interpret Acts 2:22 in terms of St. Peter's beliefs?

Acts 2:22 quotes St. Peter saying "Men of Israel, listen to this message: Jesus of Nazareth was a man certified by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs, which God did among you through Him,...
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How can Genesis 1:1-13 have days without the sun? [duplicate]

If the Sun is important source to complete a Day(24 hrs), then how it is possible to complete for the first three days Genesis 1:1-13 without Sun?
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If "God is spirit" then how can the incarnation be possible? How does Nicene theology interpret John 4:24?

Even Jesus, in John 4:24 taught: God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth. yet most Christians, those who accept the Nicene Creed, teach that God became a man as he ...
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Is Artificial Intelligence being applied to Christian Doctrine and to Scriptural Interpretation?

I recently read an insightful essay written three years ago by Henry Kissinger (now 98 years old) called How the Enlightenment Ends which is a warning regarding, among other things, the usage of ...
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Do Full Preterists believe that the perfect came and the gifts of the Spirit ceased in A.D. 70, as per 1 Corinthians 13:8-12?

1 Corinthians 13:8-12 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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How do proponents of Sola Scriptura choose the "correct" interpretation of a key Bible verse?

As a Protestant who really tries to abide by the sola scriptura principle to subject my understanding of God, His works, and His relation to us under the accepted Protestant canon, I am bewildered on ...
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For Pretrib believers, doesn't Luke 21:36 imply that Christians will go through the tribulation? If not please explain the meaning of this verse!

Luke 21:36 Be always on the watch, and pray that you may be able to escape all that is about to happen, and that you may be able to stand before the Son of Man.” Doesn't the verse mean that we should ...
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What is the Full Preterist view on Noah's flood and how it compares to the second coming of Christ?

Matthew 24:36-44 (ESV): 36 “But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only. 37 For as were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of ...
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The gates of hell won't prevail against the church (Matt 16:18), but the beast is given authority to conquer the saints (Rev 13:7)

How would someone who doesn't believe in a pretribulation rapture harmonize the following two verses? "...and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against ...
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How do Word-of-Faith and Pentecostal churches interpret Romans 12 when Paul says to think "according to the measure of faith that God has assigned"

The little personal interaction I've had with Word-of-Faith and Pentecostal churches is that they believe that with enough faith God can and will do anything through you. Is my summary correct? If so, ...
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How do Christians apply the Parable of the Ten Virgins to their lives?

Matthew 25:1-12 (ESV): “Then the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went to meet the bridegroom. 2 Five of them were foolish, and five were wise. 3 For when the ...
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How do Christians who believe in libertarian free will explain the large imbalance in the ratio of people saved vs. condemned?

In principle, the decisions made by an agent endowed with freedom of the will (in the libertarian sense) are not determined. That is, a free agent's decisions cannot be the result of a sequence of ...
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According to Full Preterists, what historical facts fulfilled the signs and wonders prophesied by Paul in 2 Thessalonians 2:9?

2 Thessalonians 2:1-12 (ESV): Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him, we ask you, brothers, 2 not to be quickly shaken in mind or alarmed, either by ...
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How do those who believe in a dual system (Old & New Covenant simultaneously operative) pre-70 AD understand "one Lord, one faith, one baptism"?

Some hold that the Old & New Covenants were simultaneously operative and efficacious between the death of Christ and the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70. How do those who hold this view ...
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What is an overview of how different denominations interpret Colossians 1:15 - that Jesus is "the firstborn of all creation"?

Jesus is called the firstborn multiple times. In Colossians 1:15-20 (ESV): 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. 16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9 (ESV): 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. A related ...
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How do deniers of the personhood of the Holy Spirit interpret Romans 8:26-27?

Romans 8:26-27 (ESV): 26 Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. 27 ...
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What is an overview of how Christians interpret 2 Timothy 1:6-7 and apply it to their own lives?

2 Timothy 1:6-7 (ESV): 6 For this reason I remind you to fan into flame the gift of God, which is in you through the laying on of my hands, 7 for God gave us a spirit not of fear but of power and ...
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How do deniers of the personal pre-incarnate existence of the Son of God interpret John 3:31-32?

He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all. And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth; and ...
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How do Trinitarians respond to syllogistic arguments against the divinity of Jesus?

In a previous question in which I asked for evidence of early Christians denying the divinity of Jesus, a user posted an answer that, among other things, presents sixteen very interesting syllogistic ...
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According to full preterists, what is the historical basis for viewing the last trumpet call as a historical fact that has already been fulfilled?

Different passages in the Bible shed light on the events that would unfold at the signal of the last trumpet call: 1 Corinthians 15:50-58 (ESV): 50 I tell you this, brothers: flesh and blood cannot ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses and Unitarians and all who deny that Jesus is the Almighty God, how can He be in you and live in you?

Colossians 1:26-27: "the mystery which has been hidden from the past ages and generations; but has now been manifested to His saints. To who God willed to make known what is the riches of the ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians interpret Malachi 3:1-5?

Malachi 3:1-5 (ESV): “Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you ...
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How do Trinitarians respond to the objection that God cannot be a man based on Hosea 11:9?

Hosea 11:9 (ESV): I will not execute my burning anger; I will not again destroy Ephraim; for I am God and not a man, the Holy One in your midst, and I will not come in wrath. Recently someone ...
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How do Christians who adhere to the maxim “in essentials unity; in non-essentials liberty; and in all things charity” determine what is essential?

The phrase has been worded in different but equivalent ways. For example, the Wikipedia article titled In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas says: In necessariis unitas, in ...
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Do Protestants accept the doctrine of free-will?

Protestants accept the doctrine of faith alone. If they accept the doctrine of free-will, how do they reconcile James 2:20-24 faith is dead without works, since works to do good is a free- will of man....
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How do Eternal Security adherents interpret Ezekiel 18:21-18 and 33:12-16?

Note: for better readability, the relevant parts of the quoted passages are in bold. Ezekiel 18:21-28 (ESV): 21 “But if a wicked person turns away from all his sins that he has committed and keeps ...
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What is an overview of Christian viewpoints on why God sanctioned eating meat after the fall if veganism was already the pre-fall standard?

Genesis tells us that Adam, Eve and all animals had originally plant-based diets, as God provided them with every plant and tree for food: 29 And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
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How do non-Sabbatarians interpret Revelation 14:12?

Revelation 14:12 (KJV) 12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus. I've seen Sabbatarians bring up this verse of Revelation as ...

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