Questions tagged [soteriology]

The study of the mechanisms by which an individual is saved.

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Can God replace his covenent with Abraham?

In the book of Genesis, God makes the covenant of circumcision with Abraham for him and his descendants. In verse 7 we are told this is an everlasting covenant. How does this go in hand with the fact ...
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The meaning of John 14:6 in relation to pre-existence of Jesus before the incarnation [closed]

I want to ask both trinitarians and non-trinitarians alike: In John 14:6 it says: Jesus answered, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. (NIV) ...
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Looking for references from the early Church Fathers on Galatians 3:13

Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: [Galatians 3:13, KJV] ...As it relates to a Luther(esque) ...
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Does the Catholic Church confirm that the term “way” as used by Jesus in John 14:5 was understood by the disciples?

We see in John 14: 1-5: “Do not let your hearts be troubled. Believe in God, believe also in me. In my Father’s house there are many dwelling places. If it were not so, would I have told you that ...
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2answers
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What does Trinitarian Protestantism understand by salvation being in the name of 'Jesus Christ of Nazareth'?

Peter had the following words to say to the rulers, elders and scribes in Jerusalem regarding the healing of the lame man at the temple : ... the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth ... neither is ...
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4answers
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How is Gods judgement of man fair when he judges them without considering their deeds?

In America, our judicial system is built on the idea that a man is assumed innocent, and then proven guilty with evidence. In contrast, Paul wrote: Romans 9 10-18: ...there was Rebekah also, when ...
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Is the root of salvation correctly summed up as “Be saved and repent!” or should it be “Repent and be saved!”?

In the article below, the phrase "Be saved and repent!" was endorsed. I wish to know what a Reformed Protestant view would be on this. The context for the phrase is this: The editor wrote an article ...
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Why don't Catholics believe that Christ's atonement removed Original Sin?

Original Sin is the Catholic doctrine that all human are born sinners due to the inheritance of the sin of Adam. However, Jesus Christ atoned for the sin of mankind. Therefore, one would assume the ...
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Why Jesus died on the cross and not by any other mean? [duplicate]

I know why Jesus died for us? But why the cross? Why not by any other mean?
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Do non-Christians go to hell?

What is the official stance of various Christian denominations on whether or not non-believers go to hell? How do denominations which preach that they do, reconcile the damnation of people who grow ...
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Why do Christians believe Christ's death applies to future sins? [closed]

One of the points that different Christian denominations and movements generally agree on is that Christ died on the cross to atone for our sins, and his death was the ultimate sacrifice. This ...
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Is the sign of the Cross as well as the crucifix a Catholic “trade mark”?

Why do Catholics have crucifix in their home and Churches; priest, bishops, cardinals, popes and the faithful wear crucifix in their neck and make a sign of the cross before and after prayer and ...
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Did Jesus die for all? Is “for many” the same meaning as “for all “ in Matthew 26:28?

In Matthew 26, Jesus said, Matthew 26:28: For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins. And In Isaiah, please take note the word “many” Isaiah ...
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How do reformed theologians reconcile John 15:2 with “once saved always saved"?

Every branch in me (εν έμοι ) that beareth not fruit, he taketh it away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he [the Father, v1] cleanseth it, that it may bear more fruit. (John 15:2, ASV) Some ...
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How is Union with Christ understood across Christianity?

1 Corinthians 1:30 (NIV): It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God—that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Union with Christ is an ...
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According to Catholicism can you be saved without being baptised?

Is faith through Jesus Christ without baptism enough for salvation? According to the bible, “without faith, it is hard to please God”. If someone at a young age whose been baptised didn’t have faith ...
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What does the perpetual virginity of Mary add to our salvation?

I tried this question earlier and it was closed due to so many other similar questions but, having looked through I didn't find an answer. What, if any, is the salvific benefit of the perpetual ...
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Why the Perpetual Virginity of Mary? [duplicate]

The Savior having been born of a Virgin as prophesied, what if any, according to Roman Catholicism, are the salvific benefits of the continued or perpetual virginity of Mary?
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If both the Orthodox and Catholic Church affirm salvation by grace through faith, why did the Protestant Reformation happen?

I will often engage in dialogue with Catholics and Orthodox Christians who tell me that the doctrine of their churches affirms that salvation is by grace through faith. If that is true, then what ...
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In what manner does the Father draw men to Jesus Christ? John 6:44

This question is for Evangelicals who do not hold a Calvinist view Jesus Christ states that the Father alone draws men to Himself. “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him” ...
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Is there a sect who adopt “salvation by works and exaltation by both: faith and works”?

Is there a Sect or Tradition or Cult within Christianity adopts the following concept: salvation or justification by works, while exaltation or glorification by both: faith and works?.
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Was It Possible or Not To Keep the Law of Moses?

Doing a study on grace and the fulfilment of the Law at present, and wonder if someone can assist: some texts definitely state that it is not humanly possible to perfectly keep the Law. Thus Paul in ...
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Is salvation in the name “Jesus”, or in the person Jesus [closed]

Are we saved because we believed in "Jesus" (the name) or Jesus (the person)? Because other languages have other names for Jesus. If they call upon that name for salvation would they be saved? I'm ...
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What does the Lutheran Church teach about Justification by Faith and is the sacrament of Baptism essential to salvation?

Recently I have been doing research into the Lutheran Church and it seems that they believe in baptismal regeneration. My understanding is baptismal regeneration is the belief that baptism is ...
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Did the disagreement between the Catholic Church and Protestant Church on the issue of salvation by grace alone end in 1999?

This is question is for an effort to understand the current movement of bringing unity among Christian denominations. A question was asked before: Is Pope Francis holding and professing different ...
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How do Lutherans have their sin forgiven?

If a Lutherans sins, how is his sin forgiven? Must he confess? Is there a distinction between venial and mortal sin? What if he sins again the same sin?
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How is God's Predestination according to Calvinist?

I've just read from this link, an explanation by John Piper : Nobody is in hell that doesn't deserve to be there and isn't in active rebellion to God Because my own interpretation that Total ...
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Is it possible to reconcile Owen's trilemma with salvation by faith?

John Owen's "trilemma" argument is often used as a defense for Limited Atonement, but it appears to have an underlying difficulty: To which I may add this dilemma to our universalists: God imposed ...
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Replacement of sins with good

In my studies of Islamic Theology I have come across a doctrine of the replacement of sins for good deeds. Quran, Al-Furqân “Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For ...
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How do eternal security believers explain these 2 scenarios? [duplicate]

I'm an eternal security believer but I'm struggling with how I should reconcile this with these two scenarios: Lucifer falling from Heaven, losing his standing before God and becoming the Adversary ...
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What is the dominant theory of atonement in Catholic theology?

Having a little trouble phrasing the question due to my own ignorance. I grew up celebrating Christmas and Hanukah as basically family gift giving events, as many others do, and I'm trying in ...
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Is Pope Francis holding and professing different views from the traditional Catholic church in the doctrine of salvation & teachings about marriage? [closed]

Is Pope Francis holding and professing different views from the traditional Catholic church in the doctrine of salvation & teachings about marriage? Does Pope Francis believe & profess that ...
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Do Catholics believe that everyone should convert to Christianity for their own salvation?

From my understanding it is the Catholic view that all people should be baptized and converted to the Christian faith for their own salvation. So, for me it follows logically, that Christians ...
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Biblical justification of the salvation theory of Christ's death presented by Paul

What are the origins / biblical references to justify the doctrine that Christ's death on the cross saved us from our sins? From my understanding the majority of biblical passages referring to ...
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What effects do Christ's passion and resurrection have on us right now?

According to Christianity Christ "died on the cross to save us from our sins". I would like to get a better understanding of the origins and mechanics of this doctrine. Christ died for our sins, as ...
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Do Catholics believe that people can be saved without hearing the name of Christ? [duplicate]

Do Catholics believe that people can be saved without hearing the name of Christ? I came across this while listening to John MacArthur on Catholicism, and Billy Graham What do Catholics believe is ...
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What are the predominant Christian views on whether Jesus had to specifically die by crucifixion? Could he have chosen another kind of death?

As I understand it, Jesus was sentenced to die "under Pontius Pilate" and was crucified as punishment. It seems to me that Jesus had no choice but to be crucified. After all, if a criminal is ...
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Do Baptists believe someone with multiple personalities has multiple souls?

Do Baptists believe someone with multiple personalities has multiple souls? What if someone has two personalities, like the dissociative identity disorder and one has accepted Jesus as their Savior, ...
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According to Calvinists, how do Job's works correspond to his salvation?

Job 31:1–4 (DRB) I made a covenant with my eyes, that I would not so much as think upon a virgin.1 2 For what part should God from above have in me, and what inheritance the Almighty from on high? 3 ...
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According to Pentecostalism, was the Pope biblically justified in saying that an unbelieving man is in heaven?

Pope Francis consoles a boy who asked if his non-believing father is in Heaven (YouTube) Here we have a son asking the Pope whether his father would be granted admission in the Kingdom of God. His ...
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Meaning of Acts 10:34-35 according to Protestantism

Acts 10:34-35 (DRB) And Peter opening his mouth, said: In very deed I perceive, that God is not a respecter of persons. But in every nation, he that feareth him, and worketh justice, is acceptable to ...
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Do Southern Baptist traditionalists agree with the Arminian view of prevenient grace?

Part of the "Arminian" position (as I understand it) is essentially as follows: Fallen people are of such a morally corrupted nature that, when hearing the gospel of how they can and must be saved by ...
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On what basis do Protestants extend the New Covenant to include gentiles?

Given "sola scriptura" and the explicit assertions in scripture regarding the participants in the covenant ("the houses of Israel and Judah") how do Protestants justify teaching it to be for gentile ...
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Atonement in Eastern Orthodoxy

The mainline protestant idea of Atonement is, as Luther himself put it, this: Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification (Romans 3:24–25). He ...
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Do Jehovah's Witnesses have one Saviour or Two?

Jehovah's witnesses firmly believe that Jehovah and Jesus are separate beings and that Jesus is NOT God because Jesus is an angel. What do JW's say about their Saviour? Specifically, Isa 43:3, 11, ...
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If Jesus's death was not eternal, then how can it be substitutionary for the eternal deaths of humans?

Sinful humans are judged and sentenced to eternal death. But did Jesus experience eternal death? If so, how? If not, how then can it be considered substitutionary for our deaths? How do those who ...
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What are the various beliefs about the fate of honest atheists?

Some atheists (or any explicit denier of Christian truth) claim that their disbelief in Christianity is an honest one, viz. if they had put their faith in Christ they would be lying to themselves and ...
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Anglican Absolution

In Anglicanism, both justification by faith alone (article 11 of the 39) and priestly absolution (found within the order of the visitation of the sick in the BCP ) are doctrinal stances in the book ...
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Which church fathers taught involuntary universal salvation?

Which early church fathers (including those now considered heretics like Origen) pre 1054 taught that "all will be saved", including all of the dead without "hearing and believing"? In other words, ...
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Salvation Possible After Death

Which early church fathers (pre 500) taught it was possible for a person after their death to hear and receive salvation in Christ Jesus? We know some groups teach the necessity of water baptism to ...

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