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Questions tagged [nature-of-man]

relating to the theological definition of anthropology - that set of doctrines which attempt to understand how God created the spirit, soul, and mind of a human being, and to ascertain that for which he destined and how he is subject to the natural laws

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Souls being immortal vs all of existence needing to be continually and actively maintained by God

Non Christian asking a question here. My understanding is that Christianity claims that: A) Souls are immortal. B) Everything that exists (except God Himself) needs to be continually maintained by ...
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58 views

What are the arguments for the belief of the immortal soul? [duplicate]

I'm looking for a list of arguments for the immortal soul with the bible verses supporting the arguments (finding the arguments against it is very easy).
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105 views

Is there a biblical basis for the claim that humans are shaped into the God-human Christ?

In Is Transhumanism a Challenge or an Opportunity for the Christian Faith? the following statements are made (emphasis mine): Yet, by painting Transhumanism as an offshoot of atheistic naturalism, ...
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When was the tripartite (body, soul, and spirit) view of man officially rejected by a church council?

The trichotomy of man (or his trichotomous or tripartite nature) is the belief that man was created with three "parts" – body, soul, and spirit. This is a popular viewpoint among many Christians, but ...
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143 views

Who are the “extreme Anabaptists” who believed that regeneration makes people incapable of sin?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I noticed an interesting tidbit about the beliefs of "extreme Anabaptists" on regeneration. He argues: [Regeneration is not] a complete or ...
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1answer
85 views

What were the main arguments put forth at the Fifth ecumenical council against the preexistence of human souls?

As far as I know, the idea of the preexistence of human souls was condemned on the Fifth ecumenical council (the Second Council of Constantinople). The Wikipedia page on the decrees of that council ...
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104 views

Following the Doctrine in Council of Trent, does God gave a soul to human at conception deprived of sanctifying grace?

The Catholic Church teaches, as St. Thomas Aquinas explained, that God intended our first parents to give their descendants the blessings of original justice. When they lost the gifts, however, they ...
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According to Catholicism, when a person dies, is that person's spirit/soul limited as to where it can be present?

According to Catholicism, when a person dies, is that person's spirit and/or soul limited as to where it can be present?
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According to Catholicism, why do we need a resurrection if we have an immortal soul?

Here's this other question that asks the question "According to Roman Catholicism, how old will our resurrection bodies be?" The answers to the question talk along the line of that a persons physical ...
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59 views

LDS belief in pre-existence of the human person vs. human physical deformities

This other question discusses the Mormon doctrine of pre-existence prior to conception. The highest rated answer quotes from The Encyclopedia of Mormonism that says, on the page "Pre-Existence (Pre-...
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153 views

According to the Catholic Church, is there any supernatural (non-physical, non-mathematical, non-scientific) part of a human being?

My previous understanding of the Catholic Church's teaching was that a human being is of two conjoined natures: physical and spiritual. Also, my previous reasoning was that things like consciousness, ...
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3answers
159 views

How can the existence of other species of the genus Homo be reconciled with Christian belief in the uniqueness of humankind? (Catholic perspective)

Close relatives of Homo Sapiens are known to have existed in relatively recent times. Neanderthals are one example. They weren't mere brutes, as archaeological research has shown, but they weren't ...
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1answer
165 views

Can An Extraterrestrial Be A Christian? [closed]

In a spin-off of a law forum question ("Can an extra terrestrial be legally adopted?"), I ask: "Can an extraterrestrial be a Christian?" Like all short questions, however, it might have a long ...
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162 views

What is the biblical basis for women being created in the image of God?

This question is not made to defame Biblical doctrines or teachings, just a genuine curiosity that no one I talk to has an answer for. Genesis 1:27 states "So God created man in his own image, in ...
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813 views

If baptism cleanses original sin then why do the children of baptised parents still need to be baptised?

Why do the children of the parents who were baptized need to be baptized? The parent's original sin was removed by their baptism so they shouldn't be passing it down anymore. Or how does it work? Is ...
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1answer
80 views

Source of the view that the human will is necessitated but not coerced

Consider this excerpt from Aquinas: Some have held that the human will is necessarily moved to choose things. But they did not hold that the will is coerced, since only something from an external ...
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165 views

According to Reformed theology, why does God tell people to repent if they don't have the choice to do so, as in Exodus 10:3?

This question is addressed to those who believe in the doctrine of Total Depravity. In Exodus 10:3 God asks the Pharaoh for how long will he remain proud. Why does God ask such a question if the ...
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2answers
304 views

Under what basis does the Catholic Church consider animals, in particular great apes, not to be persons?

The Catholic Church teaches that out of earthly beings, only humans, and not animals, are persons and therefore many rights, like the absolute right to live, are enjoyed only by humans. As the CCC ...
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1answer
113 views

What is the biblical basis for the belief that man is no longer made in God's image?

According to an Adrian Rodgers radio broadcast man is no longer born in God's image due to the Fall. What is the biblical support for this assertion? The broadcasts are archived here; the one I heard ...
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131 views

According to the LDS faith, if our spirits lived with God before this life, why is spiritual birth during life on earth required?

I am a member of the LDS faith, and based on the belief that our spirits lived with God before this life, then why is spiritual birth ("Being Born of the Spirit") during life on earth required? Based ...
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Do Protestant catechisms teach that man is created by and for God, and God always draws man to himself?

I'm looking for a comparable Protestant teaching, and hopefully the scriptural reference it's based on, for this point within the Catholic catechism. The desire for God is written in the human ...
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239 views

How do theistic evolutionists explain moral reasoning?

If you are a theistic evolutionist, then I see two possible explanations for the existence of human moral reasoning. 1) That at some point in the evolution of primates (or even a more distant common ...
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How is age defined in heaven? [duplicate]

I am now older than what my father was when he passed away in 1967. Granted that both of us meet in heaven face to face, will his soul look younger than mine ? Is there any teaching available from the ...
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274 views

How are the soul and the body related to each other according to the RCC? [duplicate]

Humans have a mind (or soul) and body, but they are not separately divided substances (as Descartes would suggest). So one could say we have a soul and body. But according to the Roman Catholic Church,...
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173 views

How do proponents of the dual nature of man address Hebrews 4:12, “dividing soul and spirit”?

Those holding to a tripartite nature of man, or trichotomism, sometimes point to Hebrews 4:12 as evidence for their view that soul and spirit are distinct in man: For the word of God is alive and ...
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343 views

Does the Catholic Church teach that humans are superior to all other creations on Earth?

Does the Catholic Church teach that humans are superior to all other creations on Earth, or does it teach that each creation is equally precious and that not one type of creation is better than the ...
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Is there a scriptural support for “man are ‘half animal, half angel’”? [closed]

The Philosopher and Critic of Christianity Ludwig Feuerbach wrote: “My only wish…is to transform friends of God into friends of man, believers into thinkers, devotees of prayer into devotees of ...
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5answers
663 views

How does the LDS church back up the statement “I'm stronger than Satan”?

I have heard that I'm stronger than Satan for a few reasons. Because I have a body and he doesn't. Because he only has as much power over me as I give him. Because I am never beyond the influence of ...
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4answers
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Can the human spirit remember anything without a physical body? (LDS perspective)

I work doing support work for adults with disabilities. I have a friend who recently graduated with a degree in psychology. One day we got talking about all the ways that brain damage (through ...
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1answer
454 views

What is the source of the quote attributed to Origen, that “the soul has neither beginning nor end”?

Related answer: Is there any substance to the claim that Origen supported reincarnation? The following quote is widely attributed to Origen in books and on the internet (e.g., here and here): The ...
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Where did our spirit come from? (Overview)

Where did our spirit come from? Did it exist before we were born? Or did it come into existence when we were born or later? What is an overview of the major Christian answers to this question?
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What is the biblical basis for the immortality of the soul?

The Immortality of the Soul is "the doctrine that the human soul will survive death, continuing in the possession of an endless conscious existence." (source). What is the biblical basis for the ...
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3answers
555 views

How do those who believe man is tripartite respond to Gen. 2:7, “the man became a living soul”?

Those who believe that man is bipartite (a soul consisting of body and spirit) cite Gen. 2:7 as proof that man does not have a soul, but rather, man is a soul. Consequently, they deny any assertion ...
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Why did human lifespans drop after the Flood?

In Genesis 5, a brief account of the lives of Adam's descendants is narrated. All of them had long lives, for instance, Adam lived 930 years, Seth lived 912 years, etc. But in Genesis 6:3, God seems ...
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What is the Biblical basis for man being created perfect, or for man not being created perfect?

I often hear that man was created perfect. Yet Genesis 3:7 says that "they knew that they were naked." Additionally, Genesis 2:25 says they were "naked yet not ashamed." Also, Genesis 2:18 says ...
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172 views

According to Catholicism, did God create humans to directly perform His Will in the physical world?

I am wondering if the following ideas/questions would be considered compatible with orthodox Catholic theology: If God is Love, if humans are made in His image, and if humans are made by Love and For ...
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What prominent Christian thinkers (if any) held to polygenism and if so how did these thinkers view original sin? [duplicate]

Have any influential or well known (be it in scholastics or in media) Christian thinkers express views that the first 'couple' was 'couples' (polygenism) and if so, how did they reconcile this ...
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262 views

According to Roman Catholicism, what is the soul and its purpose?

In the Catholic Tradition does there exist a teaching on the purpose or role of the human soul in the makeup of a human being? I could also settle for a theologian's thoughts and writings on the ...
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3answers
984 views

We will judge angels? But we are lower than the angels

Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life? 1 Cor 6:3 (KJV) This verse says that we will judge angels, but this verse 6 But one in a certain place ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the biblical basis for humans becoming angels after they die?

Many Christians, and many people living in predominantly Christian cultures, believe that people who die become angels. This belief is reflected in numerous popular novels and movies, such as the ...
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2answers
165 views

What makes the spirit and body inseparable after the resurrection?

According to Mormon doctrine, body and spirit combined constitute a soul. Every man and woman that has ever lived on earth, previously lived as a spirit in the preexistence, and was born to earth into ...
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3answers
172 views

What is an overview of the way Adam and Eve ate and became like God?

And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. (Gen 3:22) In what way did Adam and Eve become like God, in knowing good from evil? Most answers to related ...
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1answer
147 views

Which Reformation theologians used the analogy of water and ink for sin?

On page 98 of Miroslav Volf's Free of Charge: Giving and Forgiving, he says: But even if all of us are sinners from head to toe, none of us is a sinner through and through, with nothing good ...
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1answer
278 views

When was the idea of all humans worth equal incorporated into Lutheran Christianity?

Why am I here In Swedish Lutheran church today (which I belong to), it seems to be "obvious" that All humans are worth equal. I'm not questioning the statement itself, I am just interested in the ...
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1answer
198 views

According to Catholic teaching and theology, can man ever see God as he really is?

According to Catholic teaching and theology, can man ever see God as he really is? Has anyone man ever seen God in the past? Who was it? Will man be able to see God as he really is in the future? ...
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190 views

Do emotions dictate our destiny/faith? [closed]

What is the natural human behavior one can ask? Many times people don't do good things because their emotions prevent them from doing so. It is good to be nice and friendly but if my emotions make me ...
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1answer
129 views

Do Catholics believe that God is actively “fighting” Satan?

Do Catholics believe that God is actively "fighting" Satan? Or do they believe that Satan is a "tempter" who only tries to corrupt humans? I vaguely recall stories from the Old Testament when God ...
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1answer
382 views

On the Catholic Perspective on the incarnation of Jesus, according to St.Thomas Aquinas: Two natures, one Person

To understand St.Thomas theology, we must understand the metaphysics that goes hand in hand with his theology. For the notion of Person, the previous notion of Suppositum or Hypostasis seems to be ...
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1answer
234 views

Does the Bible say we will die sinning? [closed]

Psalm 51:5 conveys we are "Born" sinners. 1 John 1:8 conveys we are sinning "Presently". But is there a scripture that says we will "Die" sinners. I was under the notion we can't stop sinning, an ...
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911 views

What is the biblical basis that people who are attracted to the same sex were not created by God that way?

cf. Does God create some people Heterosexual and others Homosexual? [closed] It is quite common for people who identify themselves as homosexual to say that God created them this way. Some way ...