Questions tagged [gospel-of-john]

An account of the public ministry of Jesus according to his disciple/apostle John

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What are the arguments in favour of the 'beginning' at John 1:1 being the old beginning?

The standard reading of John 1:1 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." is that the beginning - ἀρχῇ (archē) - refers to the old beginning, i.e., ...
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What are the arguments in favour of the 'beginning' at John 1:1 being the new beginning?

The standard reading of John 1:1 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." is that the beginning - ἀρχῇ (archē) - refers to the old beginning, i.e., ...
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How do Trinitarians explain that Jesus himself claims He is a man who has heard things from God at John 8:40?

In Acts 2:22, St. Peter says "Fellow Israelites, listen to this! Jesus of Nazareth was a man who had God's approval." I have asked about this particular line here. Similarly, Jesus himself ...
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According to those who believe the Son only "notionally existed" prior to his birth, how much of the Word became flesh?

It has been clearly asserted by Biblical Unitarians that Jesus Christ had no actual existence anywhere prior to his birth in Bethlehem. It has also been clearly asserted that Scriptures which appear ...
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Why did Jesus in John 14:28 say he "was going to the Father?"

So I've got a Muslim person trying to prove their religion through the Bible. To them, Jesus wasn't crucified but he immediately ascended. That Muslim person says in John 14:28, Jesus says "I am ...
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How do those who interpret John 10:30 as a claim to full divine equality by Jesus also interpret John 10:29, which says the Father is greater?

John 10:30 is a common proof-text for Trinitarians and others who assert Jesus' equality with the Father. It is "I and the Father are one." at which the hostile Jews around him pick up ...
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Have any prominent theologians or Biblical academics argued that the original Eucharistic meals contained psychoactive properties beyond normal wine?

Brian Muraresku's The Immortality Key argues that the original Eucharistic meal contained psychoactive ingredients that facilitated certain kinds of experiences. He cites in particular John 6:55 &...
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What are our options for how Jesus pre-existed at John 8:58?

There are multiple options for how to translate John 8:58, but a typical one is "before Abraham was born, I am!" (Berean Study Bible) Although 'ego eimi' used in this sort of grammatical ...
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How do Trinitarians who argue the 'ego eimi' at John 8:58 ought to be translated 'I AM' explain the lack of reactions to the same phrase?

At John 8:58, Jesus says "Before Abraham was born, I am the one." (REV) The Greek is πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί Because the Jews then pick up stones, some Trinitarians believe there is ...
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According to Trinitarians, does Tuggy get Jesus' argument at John 10:33-36 right?

Dale Tuggy, a Biblical Unitarian, more formally presents Jesus' argument at John 10:34-36. "34 Jesus replied, “Is it not written in your Law: ‘I have said you are gods’? 35 If he called them ...
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How do you say "My Lord and my God" in Aramaic or Hebrew?

Thomas said, "O Κύριός μου καὶ ὁ Θεός μου" (koine Greek), "My Lord and my God" (English). What would he have said in Aramaic (Hebrew?) in John 20:28? Would it relate to Adonai and ...
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What are the attributes of the `life' Jesus is referring to in Jn 5: 26 where he speaks of `life in himself' granted by the Father?

We read in Jn 5: 25-26 (NRSVCE): Very truly, I tell you, the hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For just as the ...
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How do Christians who believe that salvation can be lost interpret John 6:37-44 and John 10:11-30?

John 6:37-44 (ESV) 37 All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. 38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who ...
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Has anybody ever seen God? [duplicate]

My friend is a very strong Atheist and has been now for nearly three and a half years and one of the contradictions he gives are between 1 John 4:12 where it says that no man has seen God but in ...
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According to Biblical Unitarians, how much does "notionalism" encompass in John's prologue?

The Biblical Unitarian (BU) perspective on the pre-incarnational existence of the Son of God, revealed in such verses as John 1:1-2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the ...
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Did John the Evangelist refer to himself as `the disciple whom Jesus loved 'in retrospect?

We see John the Evangelist referring to himself as `the disciple whom Jesus loved' , four times in the Gospel (Vs 13:23, 19:26, 21:7 and 21:20), the first reference being to the conversation at Last ...
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Did Jesus' body stay warm in the tomb?

We read in Jn 19: 39-40 how the body of Jesus was prepared for burial : Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds. Taking Jesus’ body, the two of them wrapped it, with ...
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Why did Jesus write for a second time on the ground in Jn 8: 1-8?

We read in Jn 8: 6-8 (NRSVCE), of how an adulterous woman is brought before Jesus so that she could be judged by him: This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus ...
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Did John the Evangelist write Chapter 21 of the Gospel as an addendum?

We see John the Evangelist closing Chapter 20 of the Gospel with following lines: Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book. But these are ...
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Which was the post-resurrection appearance of Jesus in Galilee that had been foretold?

We see Jesus telling the disciples before he prays in Gethsemane in Mtt 26:32 : But after I am raised up, I will go ahead of you to Galilee. We also hear the angel telling the woman disciples in ...
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According to Catholic scholars, what does John 5:6 tell of the "fully human" nature of Jesus?

We read in John 5:2-6 (KJV): Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate a pool, which in Aramaic is called Bethesda and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades. Here a great number of ...
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Did the women disciples of Jesus go to his tomb on Sunday morning to perform an optional Jewish ritual?

We read in Jn 19: 38-40 how Jesus's body was embalmed before his burial: After these things, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, though a secret one because of his fear of the Jews, ...
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According to Catholic scholars, were the two sets of believers in Jn 2 and Jn 6 treated in different terms by Jesus?

We read in Jn 2: 23-25: When he was in Jerusalem during the Passover festival, many believed in his name because they saw the signs that he was doing. But Jesus on his part would not entrust ...
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If everyone has a fair chance to be saved, then how is this reconciled with Romans 10:11-17 & John 6:44?

This question is scoped to Christians who believe that: humans have libertarian free will (or at least are given temporarily some form of genuine freedom of the will through divine grace in specific ...
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According to Catholic Church, why did John the Evangelist not mention the Institution of Holy Eucharist?

In Jn 6: 31-63 we read of Jesus' disclosure of the Mystery of His Flesh and Blood which would become spiritual food for his followers. This evokes mixed response from the disciples. Many leave ...
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What is the Protestant view of John 20:23 and the disciples ability to forgive sins?

Besides the Anglican Church (as far as I'm aware) no Protestant Church practices confession. John 20:23 (ESV) says: 23 If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you withhold ...
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According to Trinitarians, in John 1 is Jesus both the Word and the Light, and if so how do we make sense of John 1's wording?

In John 1, Trinitarians hold that Jesus ('the Son') is to be identified with the Word (logos) that is introduced at John 1:1. A little later on, using a typical Trinitarian translation (BSB), you have ...
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According to Catholic scholars, why did Jesus relate His ensuing Passion and Glorification to the visit of the Greek?

We read in John 12: 20-24 (NRSVCE): Now among those who went up to worship at the festival were some Greeks. They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and said to him, “Sir, we wish to ...
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Was Lazarus in a coma?

Commentating on John 11:11-14, he said to them: "Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep." His disciples therefore said: "Lord, if he sleep, he shall do ...
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Who [else] has made the claim that the Beloved Disciple is a new Benjamin?

Some consider Jesus a new Joseph. See this article as an example. According to the answer to this question, Dr. Brant Pitre considers the Beloved Disciple a new Benjamin. This consideration explains ...
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What is a Trinitarian explanation of how God can be with Himself?

John 1:1 says: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. A very common rebuttal to the Trinitarian understanding of this verse goes something like this: If the ...
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Against the context of John Chapter One, are the three records of John the Baptist's words, concerning Jesus, a proof of Jesus' pre-existence?

Three times, the apostle John records the witness of John the Baptist regarding Jesus being 'after' John yet 'before' John and 'first' - in 1:15, 1:27 and 1:30. John bore witness of Him, and cried ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians understand "the glory of the Father's own self" that Jesus claims he had before the world was?

From what I understand, Biblical Unitarians believe that the pre-incarnational existence of Jesus (as trinitarians propose it) is actually a notional existence in the mind of God. In other words, the ...
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Do Biblical Unitarians view John 1:14 and Philippians 2:5-8 as two complementary descriptions of the same event?

John 1:14 (YLT): 14 And the Word became flesh, and did tabernacle among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only begotten of a father, full of grace and truth. Philippians 2:5-8 (YLT): 5 ...
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How do Modalists explain the first person plural pronouns in John 14:23?

John 14:23 says: Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode (literally, we will make) with ...
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According to Protestants who don't accept something like the real presence, why was Jesus' teaching at John 6 so hard?

John 6:59-60 is "Jesus said this while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum. 60 On hearing it, many of His disciples said, “This is a difficult teaching. Who can accept it?”" The ...
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St. Mary Magdalene meets Jesus in a garden Jn. 20:15, parallel to Song of Song's garden?

Has any Catholic exegete ever noted the parallel between St. Mary Magdalene's meeting Jesus in a garden (cf. her mistaking Him as a gardener in Jn. 20:15) with the garden of Solomon's Song of Songs? ...
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What was the source of the concept "The Word was God " that John the Evangelist introduced in Jn 1: 1?

We read in John 1:1-2: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. Clearly, John means The Son of God for “the Word who was ...
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Does John 6:64-65 prove total depravity?

John 6:64-65 reads: “But there are some of you who do not believe.” For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were who did not believe, and who it was who would betray Him. And He was saying “For ...
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What is the biblical basis for the logos in John 1:1-3 not being Jesus (yet)?

1In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God. 2he was in the beginning with God. 3All things came into being through him, and without him not even one thing came ...
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Does any denomination believe that Jesus left something in writing?

We read of the immediate reaction of Jesus when Pharisees brought to him an adulteress to be stoned to death: They said this to test him, so that they might have some charge to bring against him. ...
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What did Jesus mean by saying "night is coming.." at Jn 9: 4?

We read of the miraculous cure of the man born blind , and the words of the Lord preceding the incident , at John 9: 4-5: "We must work the works of him who sent me while it is day; night is ...
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If "God is spirit" then how can the incarnation be possible? How does Nicene theology interpret John 4:24?

Even Jesus, in John 4:24 taught: God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth. yet most Christians, those who accept the Nicene Creed, teach that God became a man as he ...
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What is the basis for the belief that Ignatius of Antioch knew the Apostle John?

What is the basis for the belief that Ignatius of Antioch knew the Apostle John? This seems to be a traditional belief. For example, The Catholic Encyclopedia entry from 1910 says "It is also ...
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What is the basis for the belief that the Apostle John died around AD 100?

The date of the Apostle John's death seems to typically be put at around AD 100. However, the accounts I've found only attribute this to 'tradition'. For example, this article How did the apostle John ...
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Was the weeping of Jesus in Jn 11:35 an integral part of the divine scheme of things? [closed]

We see the spontaneous reaction of Jesus when he joins the sisters of his dead friend Lazarus in an emotional union , in Jn 11:32-35: When Mary came where Jesus was and saw him, she knelt at his ...
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Were verse 35 and part of verse 34 in John 19 added by the Evangelist as an afterthought?

We read in Jn 19:33-35 : But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a ...
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Which Church Fathers say the New Adam married the New Eve at the wedding of Cana?

Bishop Josephus Meile (†1957) claims in Die jungfräulichen Seelen in der Welt (The Virgin Souls in the World) p. 28 that At the time of the wedding at Cana, as the Fathers of the Church testify, ...
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Does the Holy Spirit speak on behalf of the Father , or the Son or both?

We see in John 16:13, Jesus giving his disciples a foresight into the role of the Holy Spirit: When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own, ...
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How would believers in Jesus' deity paraphrase 1 Clement 59:4, "Let all the Gentiles know that Thou art the God alone, and Jesus Christ is Thy Son"? [closed]

1 Clement is the only extant uncontested writing of Pope Clement I. It is generally dated to the 1st Century. Along with the Didache and Old Roman Creed, it is an early Christian 'dog that didn't bark'...
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