Questions tagged [old-testament]

The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

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When is the resurrection of Old Testament saints (from Moses to John the baptist)?

When is the resurrection of Old Testament saints (from Moses to John the baptist)?
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How ancient were the Jewish Targums?

Did they precede the time of Jesus or were they compiled around the time of Jesus? Also, is it true that they were only an oral tradition at first?
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Why does the Orthodox Church have a larger canon than Catholics or Protestants?

There's obviously a despite between Roman Catholics and Protestantism on which constitutes the canon with Roman Catholics having the Deuterocanonical's as scripture (ie one and two Maccabees), but the ...
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Does Judaism have a concept of purgatory and if so what's the evidence? [migrated]

Purgatory is often dismissed as being nothing more than a Roman Catholic doctrine that most Protestants do not believe, but does Judaism have a concept of purgatory of a state of purgation in which a ...
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What is the Biblical basis for prohibiting sex outside marriage?

My friend is a Progressive Christian who says that the bible doesn't condemn or even mention sex outside of marriage in the bible. Is this true? If not, what is the Biblical basis for condemning sex ...
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What was the Early Church’s view on socialism? [closed]

I am fundamentally opposed to socialist but I was reading the Bible and came across ‭‭Acts‬ ‭4:32-35, where it says they practiced what looks like socialism. Now the full number of those who believed ...
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On the Seventy Sevens Prophecy of Daniel (9:24-27); and in particular, the length of a year alluded to?

Recently, I have spent some time trying to better understand the Messianic prophecy given in Dan. 9:24-27, which begins with ``Seventy weeks are decreed .... It seems that many English translations ...
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Has anybody ever seen God? [duplicate]

My friend is a very strong Atheist and has been now for nearly three and a half years and one of the contradictions he gives are between 1 John 4:12 where it says that no man has seen God but in ...
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Did Solomon himself actually offer sacrifices to other gods?

Here are the verses in question: 4 As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been....
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How did the Early Church Fathers view homosexuality?

How did the Early Church Fathers view the act of homosexuality, did they condemn it or did they interrupt the verses differently than we do, verses such as: You shall not lie with a male as with a ...
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Does the bible support Ethno-Nationalism? [closed]

Does the bible support Ethno-Nationalism? My friend is very strongly devout Roman Catholic Christian and yesterday we got into an a debate, he believes that the bible teaches Ethno-Nationalism, I ...
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As Christians can we support immigration control? [closed]

As Christians are we allowed to believe in immigration control or want control as to who enters the country? If yes, then how do you interrupt verses such as these, which seem to support the concept ...
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Which lamb in the Old Testament is Jesus equated to?

We see Jesus being referred to as the Lamb of God, on many occasions. John the Baptist calls him the Lamb of God who takes away of the sins of the world (Jn 1:29). St. Paul refers to him as the lamb ...
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If Abraham killed Isaac, would that be a sin? [closed]

I know that Abraham came before Moses, and so there were no Ten Commandments yet. However, if Abraham killed Isaac out of obedience to God, would that be considered a sin in any way? I feel like the ...
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According to Catholic Scholars, what did the original text of Agnus Dei read as?

We read in Leviticus 16: 7-10 : He shall take the two goats and set them before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting; and Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats, one lot for the Lord and ...
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Was there a special significance in God's choice of ravens for supply of provisions to prophet Elijah?

We read in 1 King 17:2-6: Then the word of the Lord came to Elijah: “Leave here, turn eastward and hide in the Kerith Ravine, east of the Jordan. You will drink from the brook, and I have directed ...
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Are there any prophesies in Old Testament which got fulfilled in Jesus, but of which one cannot find a mention in New Testament?

It is said that there are more than 350 prophesies in the Old Testament which got fulfilled in Jesus and of which parallel reference can be found in New Testament. But the Evangelists have not given a ...
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Does the New Testament disregard the Old Testament?

I'm a young and curious believer and I want to know what the link is between the Old Testament and The New Testament. Do the scriptures in the New Testament disregard the teachings of the Old ...
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Why did Jesus not clearly state the Old Testament canon, instead of letting others to take account for that?

I was wondering, why might Jesus not have stated the Old Testament canon in something like a list, and instead let others take account (define and compile) for that canon?
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Did the concept of Heaven as the dwelling place of God where the chosen ones join Him for eternity, gradually develop?

We see many instances in the OT in which prominent people die and are gathered to their people, for example: Abraham (Gen 25:8) Ishmael (Gen 25:17 ), Isaac( Gen 35:29). There is no mention of the ...
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How do advocates of an intermediate state explain that the Old Testament seems to be unaware of the existence of the Bosom of Abraham?

Proponents of an intermediate state typically regard the story of Lazarus & the rich man (Luke 16:19-31) to be informative on the realities of the underworld. According to the story, Hades / Sheol ...
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What is an overview of Christian beliefs on the current state and location of Old Testament saints?

Where and how are the Old Testament saints right now? Here are some possibilities (not exhaustive by any means): They are temporarily in a state of non-existence. They do exist (where?), but are ...
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Does the divine council in Psalm 82 correspond to different religions that we see in the world today? [closed]

I read the book Unseen Realm by Michael Heiser a few years ago. In that book, Dr. Heiser begins the book by talking about how Psalm 82 opened his eyes to the council of multiple gods in the divine ...
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Is Jesus the prophet of Deuteronomy 18? (confusion)

Christians say that Jesus is the prophet like Moses. In the Book of Deuteronomy, God says through Moses: The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your fellow ...
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What is the biblical support for the idea that people in the Old Testament went to heaven?

There is, among many groups, a basic idea that people in the Old Testament, namely Israelites, went to heaven. To further explain the scope of this question, I want to ignore the specific individuals ...
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What is the law during the time of Melchizedek?

Hebrews 7:12 provides: “For when the priesthood is changed, the law must be changed also.” ‭ In Hebrews 7:11, the change in priesthood refers to a change from the order of Aaron to the order of ...
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Where does the OT predict the Son of man?

Jesus referred to things written about the Son of man, including His death and resurrection: "All things which are written through the prophets about the Son of Man will be accomplished. For He ...
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How do Catholics deal with prophecies of future perpetual animal sacrifice?

I was having a friendly discussion with a Jewish person about the Scriptures. He took issue with some of the verses in the book of Hebrews, chiefly this verse (bracketed inclusions and italics my own):...
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Can Catholics morally object to sharia law?

Christians often criticize sharia law because the death penalty is applied for crimes like adultery, apostasy, fornication, etc. Sharia is often compared to the legal laws given in the O.T, but it is ...
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The ark of Covenant

When the children of Israel walked with Moses in the wilderness they had an ark that contained the rod, pot of manna, and the tablets. When they got to Canaan those things were no longer working. My ...
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According to Catholic Church, is there a deeper meaning in the saying of Jesus in Lk 23:31?

We read in Luke 23: 28-31 how Jesus consoles the ladies who were wailing for him on the way to Calvary: But Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for ...
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If the Holy Spirit came in Jesus, who is the "Holy Spirit" that David refers to?

The following passage denotes the Holy Spirit, or the Comforter, came unto us after the Ascension of Jesus. Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not ...
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How does Christianity traditionally explain the need to subject the Israelites to slavery in Egypt?

In Genesis 15:13 God said to Abraham: "Know for certain that for four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own and that they will be enslaved and mistreated ...
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What do Jews and Christians agree with in the Bible?

What is the bible such that contains the intersection, of agreement in the word, between Jews and Christians? It seems that it's the Torah, is this correct? Are there more books? I said intersection ...
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What is the oldest copy of Genesis 26, and is there a place to see a side-by-side translation? thanks

What is the oldest copy of Genesis 26, and is there a place to see a side-by-side translation? thank you!
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Analyzing the Tele Dan Stele as extra-biblical evidence for credibility

( Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Dan_stele ) I suppose I'm just asking the obvious, but I'm really interested in emphasizing the existence of extra-biblical evidence that gives at the ...
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Why did God allow polygamy in the Old Testament?

I’ve been reading a bit into 1 Samuel, and came across something that confused me: 1 Samuel 25:43 NIV David had also married Ahinoam of Jezreel, and they both were his wives. But, in Genesis, we ...
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What historical periods do the 390 year and 40 year periods refer to in Ezekiel 4:1-8?

In Ezekiel chapter 4 the prophet was instructed to lie on his left side for 390 days, a day for each year of the sin of Israel, and then to lie on his right side for 40 days for the sin of Judah. What ...
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What is the original source of summary of the 10 Commandments, which Jesus quotes in Mtt 22: 35-40?

We read in Lk 10: 25-28 : Just then a lawyer stood up to test Jesus. “Teacher,” he said, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” He said to him, “What is written in the law? What do you read there?...
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What's the official Catholic position regarding the literal truth of incidents described in the Old Testament?

Someone recently told me that passages like Samuel 15:3 and Numbers 31:17-18 which talk of God and Moses giving orders for violence, are considered by the Catholic church as exaggerations and ...
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What is the Biblical basis of the idea that men can be given authority to forgive sins?

This question is inspired by the question What is the Old Testament basis to the idea that only God can forgive sins? What is the Biblical basis (Old or New Testament) for the idea that men can be ...
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What is the Old Testament Biblical basis to the idea that only God can forgive sins?

Mark 2:7 and Luke 5:21 have scribes and Pharisees claiming that only God can forgive sins. "Why does this man speak like this? He is blaspheming! Who can forgive sins but God alone?" and &...
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Did Moses worship Egyptian gods while living in the palace?

When and how did Moses first learn about the true God? Did the princess teach him about Egyptian gods or the God of Israel?
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What is the family tree diagram explaining how Sarah was Abraham's half sister?

What is the family tree diagram explaining how Sarah was Abraham's half sister (same father different mothers)? She is indeed my sister, the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; ...
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According to the Catholicism, what was the marital status of Gomer, the woman chosen to be Prophet Hosea's wife?

We read at Hosea 3: 1-2 ( NRSVCE) of the Lord's direction to him to marry a woman: The Lord said to me again, “Go, love a woman who has a lover and is an adulteress, just as the Lord loves the ...
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If God is omniscient, why would he command the Israelites to destroy the Caananites? God would have known the Israelites wouldn't keep his command [closed]

My understanding is that God knows every minute detail of the past, present and future. And yet several times throughout the Old Testament, God issues a command to his people or an individual and we ...
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What does it mean for a person to be 'Old Testament'?

The context of this question as follows: In the Peaky Blinders there is a scene in which Alfie Solomons, an orthodox Jew taunts Arthur Shelby for his newfound faith to which Arthur replies he is 'Old ...
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Looking for a passage about God forbidding that a census be taken

Years ago, reading the Bible, I came across a passage where God forbade that a census be taken. I don't remember where that was, but would like to find it again. Looking at an online concordance, I ...
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How does the Catholic Church explain the differences in the verses of Lk 4:18 vis-a-vis Isiah 61:1

We read at Lk 4:16-18 (NRSVCE): "When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of ...
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Are the Ten Commandments a perfect summary of all the commandments found in the Bible?

Many Christians claim that Ten Commandments (Exodus 20) are special because they summarize the "moral law" of God. However, in the Old Testament we find about 613 commandments, and similarly ...
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