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Questions tagged [old-testament]

The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

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149 views

How many languages had the Hebrew Bible been translated into by 30 CE?

I had thought that the Old Testament had two versions: Greek and Hebrew. Today, from this link I've found that before the Greek Bible, there was another version, the Aramaic Bible. During Jesus time, ...
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Do Catholics believe in the Old Testament? [duplicate]

In the Old Testament, all the works of People who were born pre Jesus are depicted, so what are the main books of Catholic faith ?
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What was the concept of heaven people had before the death of Jesus?

Catechism of the Catholic Church Para 1026 states : "By his death and Resurrection, Jesus Christ has "opened" heaven to us....." At Luke 15:21 we see the repentant prodigal son declaring : ‘Father, ...
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Who was the target audience of the Book of Job?

The Book of Job is one of my favourite books in the Bible, especially for its lesson that even in suffering, you can still persevere and be a victor for Christ. So I'm wondering, was the Book of Job ...
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Regarding the practice of “cast lots”. Was this done by Jews only or did others practice it?

Regarding the practice of 'cast lots' in the Old Testament. Was this used by Jews only or did others use this method?
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Topographical Map of Israel / Transjordan?

As an aide in Old Testament study, I'm looking for a topographical map of Israel - both East and West of the Jordan. Specifically, I want a map with topographical layer-lines showing specific heights. ...
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Do the Edomites, Moabites and Ammonites exist today?

I'm not sure if this is the right site for this type of question but I'm asking this because the Bible makes frequent references to these nations in prophecies, some of which pertain to the future, ...
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When did the practice of tearing one's own garments start among the Jews?

At Matt 26: 63-65 we see: "But Jesus was silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” Jesus said to him, “You have said ...
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Did Lot's daughters rape Lot?

I read this horrifying article that sounds like victim blaming. I think this is like how rape victims are told they got raped because of they way they dressed, of where or when they went or, like Lot, ...
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What does “it is finished” mean? [closed]

In Old Testament sacrifice, High Priest said 'It is finished' when he had killed the lamb; to say it is finished lamb had to die and then the sacrifice was finished. But Jesus Christ said it is ...
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El Elohe Isra’el - What does it mean?

So when Jacob names the site of his altar, he declares “El Elohe Isra’el”. I understand the most common translation of this phrase is said to be something along the lines of “God is the God of Israel”....
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Why the name Evil-merodach

Is it a title? And why is merodach written with a lower case "m"? PS: I came across this name from Jeremiah 52:31 of an NLT Bible
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Demon Possession in the Old Testament?

I'm wanting to know about any possible demonic oppression and/or possession in the Old Testament, as well as why demons being cast out is not done before the time of Christ? Was it because Christ as ...
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What is the original explanation Christian Scholars gave for Jewish prophecies not being fulfilled?

What is the original explanation Christian Scholars gave for these Jewish prophecies not being fulfilled? A. Build the Third Temple (Ezekiel 37:26-28). B. Gather all Jews back to the Land of ...
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Connection between the serpent in the garden of Eden and the brass serpent

We are told in the Bible that the serpent deceived Adam and Eve and that same serpent was used by Moses as sign of healing to those were bitten by snakes in the wilderness. What is the significance of ...
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The Ten Commandments vs Other Laws

Good Day, In the Old Testament Moses was given the Ten Commandments which we all know and try to follow as best as we can. The general usefulness of these Ten Commandments have shaped western law and ...
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Did the Devil pre-exist human beings?

We see at Genesis 3:1 "Now the serpent was more crafty than any other wild animal that the Lord God had made." We go on to read at Gen 3: 14: "The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have ...
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Who was God talking to, at Babel?

At Genesis 11: 5-7 we read: " The Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which mortals had built. And the Lord said, “Look, they are one people, and they have all one language; and this is ...
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How many prophecies in the Old Testament are about Jesus? [closed]

From what I’ve ‘heard’ at times there are select prophecies in the Old Testament that are apparently a reference to Jesus. Are there only a select few, if so which are they? Or are they a truly ...
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Detail about lamb sacrifice

I was listening to a homily and here is what the priest said: "You would travel with your family to Jerusalem and you would have either brought a lamb or you would have acquired a lamb and what ...
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At what age could a man start bringing offerings for sin in ancient Israel to the priest?

I just want to know if the scriptures or another source specify if little children or young man could offer sacrifices. Or if there was a minimum age for it. Only men? Grown up, men?
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Is God really Merciful according to the Bible?

1st Samuel 15, Saul disobeys God but the Bible says that God is Merciful also He commanded that "Thou shall not kill". Why did He ask Saul to kill all the Amalekite people without sparing their ...
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Did Moses have more than one wife in his lifetime?

EX 3:1 Jethro was the father-in-law of Moses. NU 10:29, JG 4:11 (KJV) Hobab was the father-in-law of Moses. This seems to suggest that he did. Curious if anyone else has looked into this.
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How many mistresses did Solomon actually have?

As read here, it says, in 1st Kings, 11:3, "And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart." This is speaking of King Solomon. My ...
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Chair of Moses - Clerical Infallibility [closed]

Catholics understand that there exists clerical infallibility in the New Covenant, in other words that the Pope and the Bishops united to him can exercize a charisma of infallibility which is ...
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Why don't Christians wrap tefillin?

In Judaism, the most explicit text that commands Jews to wrap tefillin (aka the little black boxes with Bible verses in them that Jews wear on their head and arms) is from Deut. 6:8 "And you shall ...
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What did Jesus mean by “ many” beneficiaries of His ensuing blood-shed?

At Matthew 26:27-28 (NRSVCE) we read: Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out ...
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Why was Lot's wife judged for looking back?

Was the warning from the angel to not look back solely a test of obedience or may there have been more of a reason? Ex.33:20 says “You cannot see My face, for no man can see Me and live!" God (Son ...
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Is belief in the suspension or replacement of any of the previous covenants necessary for salvation today?

Is belief in the suspension or replacement of any of the previous covenants necessary for salvation today? To those who wants a longer wording: Is belief in the suspension or replacement of any of ...
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Was the covenant with Adam suspended or replaced by the covenant with Noah?

I am a new Christian who just started reading the Bible and just read the first few books in one sitting, and I have a lot of questions. Before I ask them all, I would like to ask just one question, ...
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How do Christians justify worshiping someone who kills naive children/innocent beings? [closed]

For example, in the Old Testament, Jehovah sends two bears to maul 42 children to death when some of them mocked one of his followers: "[23] And he went up from thence to Bethel: and as he was going ...
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How are King Zedekiah (Old Testament) and Laban (Book of Mormon) related? [duplicate]

In the Book of Mormon, Nephi and his brothers go to the "house of Laban" to retrieve the plates of brass (see 1 Nephi 3). In 1 Nephi 3:31, Laman and Lemuel object to Nephi stating that they should try ...
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Why does God forbid Aaron's descendants with “defects” from offering food? [closed]

Leviticus 21:16-23 16 The Lord said to Moses, 17 “Say to Aaron: ‘For the generations to come none of your descendants who has a defect may come near to offer the food of his God. 18 No man who ...
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Do any Bibles contain the Book of Nathan the Prophet and/or the History of Nathan the Prophet

A possible reference to the Book of Nathan is described in 1 Chronicles 29:29: "Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the ...
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How do Bible scholars view the accuracy and reliability of the Aleppo Codex?

Background information: Circa A.D. 930, sages and scribes completed the writing of the Aleppo Codex, the first definitive Tanakh, or Hebrew Bible. From Tiberias, the codex was taken to Jerusalem. But ...
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God and Satan in the book of Job: how did they know about this conversation?

Job chapter 1 vers 6 - 12 talks about God and Satan having a conversation. Where does that story come from? Job does not know what is going on and I have never heard anyone talk about it. Is it a ...
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According to the Catholic Church, why does God hurt others to punish David in 2 Samuel:24?

Why does God hurt innocent people to punish King David? Moreover, even David doesn't understand it, raising the additional problem of why God would give a punishment not understood by the person ...
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How many times does the New Testament quote the Old Testament?

I found this resource [1] that lists all the references to Genesis found in the New Testament, and it made me curious if there is a list of all Old Testament quotes found in the New Testament. Have ...
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What does the quote from the Old Testament in Luke 2: 23 refer to?

We read at Luke 2: 22-23: When the time came for their purification according to the law of Moses, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord (as it is written in the law of the ...
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A Question Regarding the Relationship between God and Messiah [closed]

As for the Messiah, of him God says, And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even My servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. And I the Lord ...
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What was the general opinion of the Early Church Fathers concerning the giants/nephilims?

What was the general opinion of the Early Church Fathers concerning the giants/nephilims, described in the following verses? Genesis 6:4 4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and ...
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Do OT scriptures clearly indicate sacrifices will be replaced? [closed]

The author of Hebrews builds the case that the substitutionary sacrifice of Jesus has replaced the OT system of animal sacrifices. Are there any OT scriptures that clearly indicate the Jewish system ...
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Why did Saul's sins lead to his rejection as King of Israel, but David's sins did not cost him his crown?

I Samuel 15;10-12 tells us "The word of the Lord came to Samuel, saying, 'I greatly regret that I have set up Saul as King, for he has turned back from following Me, and has not performed my ...
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Why do we use the Hebrew name for Daniel, but Persian names for his companions?

Reading the book of Daniel, an odd thing struck me: all four of the men were given Persian names and yet it's only Daniel that is now called by his Hebrew name. Why is that we call his companions ...
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How was Solomon considered one of the wisest?

According to Deuteronomy 17:14-17, there are a couple of rules a king should follow. From the NKJV: 14 “When you come to the land which the Lord your God is giving you, and possess it and dwell in ...
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According to Reformed theology are the Psalms suitable preaching/prayers/songs for Christians?

In other words, are the Psalms considered Jewish-specific or deemed equally useful as prayers and songs for Christians? For example, is the first Psalm a Christian Psalm as well as a Jewish Psalm? ...
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Was casting out of demons done in the Old Testament by any Prophets or was it started in the New Testament?

Was casting out of demons done in the Old Testament by any Prophets or was it started in the New Testament?
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What does Lev 18:18 “Rival Wife” Mean? [closed]

Leviticus 18:18: Do not take your wife’s sister as a rival wife and have sexual relations with her while your wife is living. I always wondered why it says it like this. Instead of, "do not marry ...
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Annals of John Hyrcanus

1 Maccabees 16:23-24 The rest of John's acts, the battles he fought and the exploits he performed, the city walls he built, and all his other achievements, from the day he succeeded his father ...
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Virgin Mary in Old Testament?

Are there any Old Testament passages that could be or have been taken to refer to Virgin Mary? If so, what is it they are taken to be saying or prophesying about her?