Questions tagged [old-testament]

The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

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The ark of Covenant

When the children of Israel walked with Moses in the wilderness they had an ark that contained the rod, pot of manna, and the tablets. When they got to Canaan those things were no longer working. My ...
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According to Catholic Church, is there a deeper meaning in the saying of Jesus in Lk 23:31?

We read in Luke 23: 28-31 how Jesus consoles the ladies who were wailing for him on the way to Calvary: But Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for ...
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If the Holy Spirit came in Jesus, who is the "Holy Spirit" that David refers to?

The following passage denotes the Holy Spirit, or the Comforter, came unto us after the Ascension of Jesus. Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not ...
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How does Christianity traditionally explain the need to subject the Israelites to slavery in Egypt?

In Genesis 15:13 God said to Abraham: "Know for certain that for four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own and that they will be enslaved and mistreated ...
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What do Jews and Christians agree with in the Bible?

What is the bible such that contains the intersection, of agreement in the word, between Jews and Christians? It seems that it's the Torah, is this correct? Are there more books? I said intersection ...
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What is the oldest copy of Genesis 26, and is there a place to see a side-by-side translation? thanks

What is the oldest copy of Genesis 26, and is there a place to see a side-by-side translation? thank you!
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Analyzing the Tele Dan Stele as extra-biblical evidence for credibility

( Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Dan_stele ) I suppose I'm just asking the obvious, but I'm really interested in emphasizing the existence of extra-biblical evidence that gives at the ...
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Why did God allow polygamy in the Old Testament?

I’ve been reading a bit into 1 Samuel, and came across something that confused me: 1 Samuel 25:43 NIV David had also married Ahinoam of Jezreel, and they both were his wives. But, in Genesis, we ...
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What historical periods do the 390 year and 40 year periods refer to in Ezekiel 4:1-8?

In Ezekiel chapter 4 the prophet was instructed to lie on his left side for 390 days, a day for each year of the sin of Israel, and then to lie on his right side for 40 days for the sin of Judah. What ...
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What is the original source of summary of the 10 Commandments, which Jesus quotes in Mtt 22: 35-40?

We read in Lk 10: 25-28 : Just then a lawyer stood up to test Jesus. “Teacher,” he said, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” He said to him, “What is written in the law? What do you read there?...
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What's the official Catholic position regarding the literal truth of incidents described in the Old Testament?

Someone recently told me that passages like Samuel 15:3 and Numbers 31:17-18 which talk of God and Moses giving orders for violence, are considered by the Catholic church as exaggerations and ...
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What is the Biblical basis of the idea that men can be given authority to forgive sins?

This question is inspired by the question What is the Old Testament basis to the idea that only God can forgive sins? What is the Biblical basis (Old or New Testament) for the idea that men can be ...
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What is the Old Testament Biblical basis to the idea that only God can forgive sins?

Mark 2:7 and Luke 5:21 have scribes and Pharisees claiming that only God can forgive sins. "Why does this man speak like this? He is blaspheming! Who can forgive sins but God alone?" and &...
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Does anyone know the name of the pharaoh that Joseph brought his family to meet?

Jacob and his house of 70 Jacob in Egypt, Wikipedia According to Wikipedia, Jacob brought 70 people to an Egyptian pharaoh. Israel and his entire house of 70, gathered up with all their livestock and ...
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Did Moses worship Egyptian gods while living in the palace?

When and how did Moses first learn about the true God? Did the princess teach him about Egyptian gods or the God of Israel?
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What is the family tree diagram explaining how Sarah was Abraham's half sister?

What is the family tree diagram explaining how Sarah was Abraham's half sister (same father different mothers)? She is indeed my sister, the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; ...
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According to the Catholicism, what was the marital status of Gomer, the woman chosen to be Prophet Hosea's wife?

We read at Hosea 3: 1-2 ( NRSVCE) of the Lord's direction to him to marry a woman: The Lord said to me again, “Go, love a woman who has a lover and is an adulteress, just as the Lord loves the ...
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If God is omniscient, why would he command the Israelites to destroy the Caananites? God would have known the Israelites wouldn't keep his command [closed]

My understanding is that God knows every minute detail of the past, present and future. And yet several times throughout the Old Testament, God issues a command to his people or an individual and we ...
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What does it mean for a person to be 'Old Testament'?

The context of this question as follows: In the Peaky Blinders there is a scene in which Alfie Solomons, an orthodox Jew taunts Arthur Shelby for his newfound faith to which Arthur replies he is 'Old ...
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Looking for a passage about God forbidding that a census be taken

Years ago, reading the Bible, I came across a passage where God forbade that a census be taken. I don't remember where that was, but would like to find it again. Looking at an online concordance, I ...
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How does the Catholic Church explain the differences in the verses of Lk 4:18 vis-a-vis Isiah 61:1

We read at Lk 4:16-18 (NRSVCE): "When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of ...
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Are the Ten Commandments a perfect summary of all the commandments found in the Bible?

Many Christians claim that Ten Commandments (Exodus 20) are special because they summarize the "moral law" of God. However, in the Old Testament we find about 613 commandments, and similarly ...
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Which, according to Catholic Church, is the writing in Old Testament that Jesus is referring to in Jn 7:38?

We read in Jn 7: 37-38: "On the last day of the festival, the great day, while Jesus was standing there, he cried out, “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me, and let the one who believes in me ...
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What is the Catholic Church's view on curses and their after-effects?

We see at Exodus 20:232-24 (NRSVCE): "You shall not abuse any widow or orphan. If you do abuse them, when they cry out to me, I will surely heed their cry; my wrath will burn, and I will kill ...
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Are the Old Testament prohibitions on incest applicable to Christians? [duplicate]

The Old Testament forbids incest. Does this aspect of the Mosaic law apply to Christians?
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How many non-decalogue commandments from the Old Testament are still morally binding for Christians? [duplicate]

Many denominations believe that Christians should obey the ten commandments (also known as the decalogue), which can be found in Exodus 20:1-17. However, there are 613 commandments in the Old ...
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How did Luther have access to the Masoretic Text?

I understand that Luther and others translated the Old Testament into German from the Hebrew Text. How was the Hebrew text accessible/available to them in the 16th century?
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Who is God in the Old Testament? (Trinity)

I had always thought the Entity of the Trinity that appears in the Old Testament was God the Father. However, upon re-reading several passages, I am beginning to think it might be Jesus Christ. The ...
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According to Catholicism, what Old Testament text is referred to in John 19: 36?

We see at John 19: 31-36, how the early death of Jesus on the Cross staved off the prospects of his legs being broken to fasten death : ".... Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies ...
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How did Old Testament saints show they were focused on God’s promises even though they did not know when or how their Redeemer/Messiah would appear? [closed]

I am preparing a message on the importance of eliminating distractions and making Christ and His crucifixion our focal point. These New Testament Scriptures illustrate the point: For I resolved to ...
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Is the date of final compilation of the books of the Old Testament an integral feature of the Wellhausen Documentary Hypothesis?

So, using the Wellhausen Documentary Hypothesis scholars argue the books of the OT are finally compiled much later than the "Traditional" view. Are the dates for the final edition critical to the ...
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Does Reformed Theology teach that Old Testament saints were personally united to Christ?

Union with Christ is a central doctrine in Reformed Theology, and concerns the mystical union of the believer with Christ, by faith and by the Holy Spirit. In faith the Spirit unites us to Christ, and ...
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What exactly does civil law mean?

The laws in the Old Testament can be separated into 3 categories as useful guides: Moral laws. Ceremonial laws. Civil laws. Moral laws deal with right and wrong behaviour, in relations to the ...
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What specific thing in the Bible separates the Old Testament from the New Testament?

We have the Old Testament and the New Testament. Does Old Testament just simply refer to the time before the Incarnation and the New Testament to the time afterwards? I do not see one specific thing ...
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What does the Catholic Church teach about the significance of reference to Jacob's Well at John 4:12?

We see the conversation of Jesus with the Samaritan woman at John 4: 10-12 : "Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and ...
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Why are Ahimelech and Abiathar reversed in 2 Sam. 8:17?

In 1 Samuel 22:20-23, we see that Ahimelech was killed by the order of Saul and his son Abiathar escaped: 20 But one son of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after ...
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Are Christians not permitted to have sex with wife when she's on her period? [closed]

Acts 15:29 and 21:25 carry over four requirements from the old testament to apply to gentile Christians - one of which is abstaining from sexual immorality. In Leviticus 20:18, it makes a big deal ...
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Is there no Heaven, Hell, or Satan in the Old Testament?

In the book Sapiens by Yuval Noah Harari, the author claims that Heaven and Hell are concepts not mentioned in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. From Sapiens: Belief in heaven (the realm of ...
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How do seraphim in Isaiah 6 relate to the cherubim?

After reading Isaiah chapter 6 I came across the spiritual beings named seraphim. I have been introduced to other spiritual beings before, such as cherubim, a being that we have a variety of ...
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What did God mean when He said to Moses, "I have made thee a god to Pharaoh"? [closed]

Perhaps I'm not seeing the meaning behind the translation, but while reading the KJV Exodus, I'm confused by chapter 7 verse 1, which reads: "And the Lord said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a ...
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Were the Old Testament prophets married?

Were Elijah, Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel married? There is no mention for them, whilst there are for Moses
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Can a person prove that Jesus Christ is in the Old Testament without going to the New Testament?

Sometimes as christians when we are talking to the Jews, we tell them the Old Testament refers to the coming of Jesus Christ. It's like we are forcing our beliefs unto them by using references from ...
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Israel’s pronoun in the Old Testament?

Is Israel referred to as the pronoun 'she' in the Old Testament?
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How many languages had the Hebrew Bible been translated into by 30 CE?

I had thought that the Old Testament had two versions: Greek and Hebrew. Today, from this link I've found that before the Greek Bible, there was another version, the Aramaic Bible. During Jesus time, ...
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Do Catholics believe in the Old Testament? [duplicate]

In the Old Testament, all the works of People who were born pre Jesus are depicted, so what are the main books of Catholic faith ?
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What was the concept of heaven people had before the death of Jesus?

Catechism of the Catholic Church Para 1026 states : "By his death and Resurrection, Jesus Christ has "opened" heaven to us....." At Luke 15:21 we see the repentant prodigal son declaring : ‘Father, ...
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Who was the target audience of the Book of Job?

The Book of Job is one of my favourite books in the Bible, especially for its lesson that even in suffering, you can still persevere and be a victor for Christ. So I'm wondering, was the Book of Job ...
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Regarding the practice of "cast lots". Was this done by Jews only or did others practice it?

Regarding the practice of 'cast lots' in the Old Testament. Was this used by Jews only or did others use this method?
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Topographical Map of Israel / Transjordan?

As an aide in Old Testament study, I'm looking for a topographical map of Israel - both East and West of the Jordan. Specifically, I want a map with topographical layer-lines showing specific heights. ...
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Do the Edomites, Moabites and Ammonites exist today?

I'm not sure if this is the right site for this type of question but I'm asking this because the Bible makes frequent references to these nations in prophecies, some of which pertain to the future, ...

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