Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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19
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7answers
4k views

What have Christians taught during past plagues and pandemics?

Christians have lived through many major plagues, epidemics, and pandemics over the past two thousand years. Some of the most severe pandemics were the Plague of Justinian and the Black Death, both of ...
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3answers
102 views

What did Catholics do to ease the time and maintain hope during historical pestilences such as the Black Plague?

What did Catholics (and other Christians, if applicable) do to ease the time of historical pestilences such as the Black Plague (1347 to 1351), especially in quarantine areas? I can imagine that ...
3
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1answer
44 views

Did the Gospel Standard Baptists and the (original) Plymouth Brethren comment on unity between themselves?

It seems to me a great shame that the Gospel Standard Baptists, in the days of such as J C Philpot, during the mid 19th century, did not have some kind of unity with the early movement of the Plymouth ...
3
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0answers
71 views

Whence did 'with the Holy Spirit' get added to the prayer “One is Holy, One is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Amen”?

In Western Christian worship, there is a part where the faithful say "One is Holy, One is Lord, Jesus Christ, (together) with the Holy Spirit, to the glory of God the Father. Amen." In Eastern ...
5
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2answers
171 views

What innovations in ethics occurred within Christendom during the 9th Century?

I am looking for any noteworthy developments, formulations, or codifications of ethics that occurred between 770 and 890 AD in any country or empire that was nominally Christian. If the answer relates ...
3
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1answer
105 views

Were the debates between Gnostics and orthodox Christians recorded and preserved?

Gnosticism was an early Christian sect that taught mysticism, rejected Jewish scriptures, such as the Hebrew Bible, and felt that Jesus' teachings, crucifixion, and resurrection were mere appearances. ...
2
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1answer
33 views

Where can I find the text of “Prayer” by Father Faber?

I'm reading a book from the 1920's that mentions Father Faber's book "Prayer" as a good reference on the two main forms of contemplation in the 15th century. It claims that "Prayer" was then ...
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2answers
95 views

Why did Eusebius quote this passage?

So this is a quick question. We all know Eusebius quoted Testimonium Flavianum in his Church History. About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man. For he ...
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0answers
26 views

Books on Patristics

What book(s) do you recommend on church history with emphasis on the church fathers? Would prefer something which is not biassed toward a given denomination or church, but an objective overview of the ...
5
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1answer
84 views

Why did Jesuits and Franciscans disagree about indigenous labor in their missions?

Alejandro Murguía in "The Medicine of Memory" wrote that Jesuit missions in New Spain were averse to controlling native labor. When Franciscans and Dominicans took over after the expulsion of the ...
2
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1answer
114 views

When did the term “evangelical” first start being used?

The term "evangelical" is used to describe a particular set of Christian beliefs, and is generally considered orthogonal to denominations - you could get, for example, evangelical Anglicans and non-...
2
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1answer
36 views

Did Rome prefer that Catholic clergy not work for national governments?

What has been the Catholic Church's position about its clergy taking jobs serving national governments? I have two examples, from the History question "Which Catholic priests were given diplomatic ...
2
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4answers
201 views

Why are we Christians if Jesus was Jew?

I know for you may be a dummy question but I've never understood why are we Christians if Jesus, the God's son, was of Jewish descent?
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1answer
123 views

Was the Trinity looked upon by John of Damascus and Gregory of Nyssa as a combination of Jewish monotheism and pagan polytheism?

John of Damascus says "of the Greek we have the distinction of hypostases.". That is adding Greek doctrine to "Christianity." When John says "we have" something "from" the Greeks he is speaking of ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Did the authors of the Westminster Confession of Faith ever explain why they thought God could not be the author of sin?

Ch3 of the W.C.of F. says "neither is God the author of sin". One can make something which is entirely different from oneself. e.g. if someone makes a cake they do not become a cake themselves. ...
29
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9answers
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Can somebody summarize the different “branches” of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

All my life, I've been massively confused about how there exists separate, seemingly incompatible and separate, "branches" of Christianity. I know about "protestant", "catholic" and then there's ...
3
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4answers
397 views

Did the invention of the printing press change Christianity?

Before 1440 and the invention of the printing press, most Christians would not have had their own personal bible. So I would assume the only place they would see one would be in a church read by a ...
7
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1answer
289 views

Which heresy did Spurgeon accuse Pusey of?

I have been asked to explain what Charles Spurgeon meant when he said "Puseyism" was heretical. Apparently, Charles Spurgeon brought this up in his sermons. I have done some initial research and ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Who oversaw the 9th, 10th, and 11th sessions of the Council of Trent?

From the wiki page on the Council of Trent, we have: Pope Paul III, who convoked the Council, oversaw the first eight sessions (1545–47), while the twelfth to sixteenth sessions (1551–52) were ...
3
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6answers
284 views

Who were the main Protestant precursors?

While Martin Luther is the origin of a particular protestant-reformist movement named Lutheran and of its derivative churches, it's unclear to me whether he should be considered responsible to the ...
3
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2answers
268 views

Did Jesus reject the apocrypha?

In this video, John Barnett says "Jesus rejected the apocrypha" at 2:06:46. He goes into detail to discuss how Jesus accepted particular writers but rejected others. Are there any scriptural ...
6
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1answer
72 views

Was there a time when bishops were not appointed to other sees and did not generally ever relocate?

Today it is common for bishops to relocate to another (probably more prestigious) episcopal see. For example Rainer Wölki was first titular Bishop of Scampa, then Archbishop of Berlin and is now ...
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1answer
126 views

Was Eastern-Orthodox liturgical music influenced by Islam?

If you ever went to an Eastern-Orthodox service, well... their music sounds like Islam to me. It's very different from Western Christian music that is typically accompanied by an organ (even known ...
10
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3answers
1k views

Was Constantine The Great a Nicene Christian?

Lately I've been trying to figure out whether or not Constantine is a Nicene Christian. He was baptised by Eusebius who was of course an Arian. And since he was very close to Eusebius, he was ...
11
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4answers
159 views

Were any of the early church leaders Gentile converts to Christianity?

By early, I mean the second half of the first century to the end of the second century. I know, for example, that Paul and Barnabus were ethnic Jews. The Apostle Paul mentions various Christians, ...
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2answers
123 views

Biblical or Historical Devil Worshipper?

I am writing a novel happening in 1346. In it, a satanist sect worships some relics of a person that embodies evil (a biblical or historical devil worshipper). In the novel, the chuch will unroot and ...
2
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3answers
156 views

What did the original Christian writings look like during the 1st century CE?

It is said (from what I've read), from a few Google searches related to "when was the new testament first written", that the New Testament was written down somewhere between 30CE and 150CE, rough ...
6
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1answer
148 views

What is the meaning of the stained glass above the altar at Votivkirche in Wien with the Portuguese Quinas on it?

I would like to know more information on a glass painting I found in the church Votivkirche in Wien (Vienna, Austria). Above the person with the shield there is the symbol of the Portuguese Quinas. ...
7
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1answer
181 views

Origins of the historical shift towards Believers baptism in the Protestant movement?

Much of modern protestantism believes that only believers should be baptized, as believing adults (or at least consenting young people). The primary example being obviously Baptists. This is a ...
0
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1answer
116 views

Mary as the Queen of heaven

The Pope Pius XII in the encyclical AD CAELI REGINAM recognizes Mary as the "queen of heaven", although historically she was already known that way. If the Pope knows the Bible, why not distance ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Was 30 the canonical age for Catholic priesthood in the 1700s?

I understand that the current canonical age for Catholic ordination is 25 years. Was the minimum previously 30 years? The documentation of a priest's ordination in 1775 shows that the diocese spent ...
6
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1answer
216 views

Why is the Ichthys symbol almost always facing left?

This question is very straight forward: is there any reason for the Ichthys symbol to be almost always facing left? A simple google search will show this pattern. Is there any theology or even ...
6
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3answers
259 views

How do Trinitarians explain the Athanasian Creed saying that the “one God” is the Trinity rather than the Father as in the Nicene Creed?

In Scripture and the early Creeds, "one God" is used primarily to refer to God the Father: 1 Cor 8:6 (NIV): yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we ...
2
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1answer
153 views

If the Geneva Bible was the Bible of the English reformation, then why did the KJV become so widely used?

If the Geneva Bible was the bible of the reformation, Why is the KJV used more widely than the Geneva Bible? And (if applicable) what would be the main differences between the two bibles (in terms of ...
4
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1answer
304 views

Is there any evidence that people of Jewish descent came to the Americas before the birth of Christ Jesus

While doing research into a question about the Aztec and Mayan peoples I found an article from the official web site of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints which suggests that Jesus ...
21
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2answers
5k views

What does “see” in “the Holy See” mean?

The seat of the Bishop of Rome is called "the Holy See". What does "see" mean? Does it mean “Holy Sea”, as the word “see” could be an archaic spelling of the word “sea”. It would make sense, because ...
4
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0answers
56 views

Did J. Gresham Machen consider joining an existing presbyterian body before founding the OPC?

J. Gresham Machen is best known for his battle against theological liberalism in the northern Presbyterian church in the US (the PCUSA), first founding a seminary (in 1929) and then an independent ...
4
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2answers
113 views

What was the impetus for restoring the Consecration of a Virgin in the 20th Century?

The United States Association of Consecrated Virgins says the following about their sacramental: The Consecration of a Virgin is one of the oldest sacramentals in the Church, and one of the fruits ...
4
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4answers
208 views

Were the early Christians known by any other name?

We see in Acts 11:24-26 (NRSVCE): "For he was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith. And a great many people were brought to the Lord. Then Barnabas went to Tarsus to look for Saul, and ...
4
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1answer
59 views

Does the text of the 13th Century Vita of St. Dymphna still exist today?

The 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia says the following about St. Dymphna: The earliest historical account of the veneration of St. Dymphna dates from the middle of the thirteenth century. Under Bishop ...
3
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1answer
59 views

What is the earliest use of the phrase “the Lord's law of health” in reference to the LDS Word of Wisdom?

Background The modern Church uses the phrase "the Lord's law of health" to describe the Word of Wisdom. For example, Chapter 29 of Gospel Principles is called "The Lord's Law of Health." However, ...
3
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1answer
157 views

History of the doctrine of religious vocation in Catholic Church

I am reading Aquinas and I am puzzled by his view on religious vocation and common view in the Church today (I will for sake of simplicity call it a modern view) about religious vocation. In On the ...
5
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2answers
306 views

How was the church structured during the time of 300 AD - 500 AD?

I know in 1054 AD, the Catholic & Orthodox churches had split - creating the great schism, but I'm curious to learn about the earlier history of the church. Are there any historical sources which ...
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1answer
108 views

Moses called a liar [closed]

Muhammad,via Surah al-Qasas 28:38 calls Moses one of the liars.Comment please How true is it that The Roman Catholic church educated and trained someone to become or he became Prophet Muhammad...God'...
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1answer
102 views

On what basis does Thomas Aquinas say that the Church existed since the time of Abel?

In Aquinas' Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum (Explanation of the Apostles' Creed), his explanation in Article 9 of the Church being "catholic" includes this statement: Nam aliqui dixerunt, quod ...
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5answers
303 views

How did Christians get from the biblical feast of Passover to Easter sunday?

Can any one offer an educated answer of how the Christian Church moved from Passover on the 14th day of the first biblical month to the day we now call Easter? (You can even pretend Passover and ...
4
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2answers
172 views

Did early Christians believe the world was about to end?

Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom. (Matthew 16:28, NIV) Edit: adding another verse in ...
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1answer
69 views

Do any second century Christian or Jewish writings discuss the Great Revolt of 70 AD?

The canonical New Testament was written before 70 AD. I have the impression that there are lots of apocryphal gospels, acts and letters, etc. that seem to have arisen around the second century but ...
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1answer
103 views

Do the Catholics have any letters addressed to Linus, or to any of them, from an Apostle?

Since the Catholic Church maintains documents for various things, is there any correspondence between St. Linus and St. Peter? Or from any other Apostle? Any instructions, like: "Now that you are ...
3
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2answers
265 views

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice?

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice? I recently watched a random YouTube video. Random, because I had no idea how I got there. ...

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