Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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30 views

When did the tradition involving fear of end of the world originate in Christianity?

We see in Mark 13:33-37 Be on your guard, stay awake, because you never know when the time will come. Beware, keep alert; for you do not know when the time will come. It is like a man going on a ...
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What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified?

What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified? What I’ve heard is Peter was about the same age as Jesus (30-33), while John was an older teenage, approximately 18. This ...
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134 views

Are there cases of popular atheists who used to publicly defend atheism (via debates, books, etc.) but eventually ended up converting to Christianity? [closed]

Examples of popular atheists known for participating in debates with believers and publicly defending atheistic positions are Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Matt Dillahunty, Aron Ra and pretty much the ...
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What are the early Church Fathers' views on the veneration/honoring of Saints

I recently watched a video from the youtube channel Ascension Presents and Fr. Mike Schmitz on whether or not Catholics worship the saints. He quoted St. Augustine who said that we give the saints ...
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Did John Calvin say “The worst of plagues is human reason”?

I have searched high and low for the source of this quote, attributed to John Calvin, but to no avail. This link provides approximately 425 quotes, but I could not find "The worst of plagues is ...
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117 views

Are there any records of animal-like behaviors outside the “Toronto Blessing”?

The so-called "Toronto Blessing" is well known for the controversy around the many reports of very strange manifestations. Among them, animal-like behaviors, such as walking or barking like ...
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When was the “Evangelist” title first applied to the Gospel authors?

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are known as the "Four Evangelists" because they are believed to have written the four canonical Gospels. The word "evangelist" means a messenger of ...
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194 views

What were the views of the Church Fathers on Jews and Judaism during the Patristic Era?

I am currently learning about the holocaust in History class right now. It was mentioned that during the Middle Ages, some Christians were anti-semitic. I wondered how the Early Church (Pre-Schism) ...
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How do seventh day Sabbatarians explain the lack of Sabbath observing following Spirit led revivals?

Thinking a lot about the controversial matter of whether Christians should keep the Sabbath in a strict literal sense (from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday), after looking at the problem from ...
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Is there any historical evidence of Sabbath keeping by Gentiles during the first centuries of Christianity?

Did Gentiles use to keep the Sabbath (sunset Friday to sunset Saturday) during the first centuries of Christianity? How widespread was the practice in comparison with Sunday meetings? What does the ...
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St. Albans Psalter - history of manuscripts used to translate the Psalms

Recently I had cause to do research into the St. Albans Psalter. My task was to ascertain if the Latin translation of the Psalms was biblical and to establish which manuscripts formed the basis for ...
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What are the oldest records of “gold teeth” miracles in Church History?

Claims of unexpected and spontaneous fillings or full restorations of teeth with gold are not unheard of in many faith healing services and other religious gatherings. For example, in a video recorded ...
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How did Luther have access to the Masoretic Text?

I understand that Luther and others translated the Old Testament into German from the Hebrew Text. How was the Hebrew text accessible/available to them in the 16th century?
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What are the reasons to justify the use of ”Shekinah” in Christianity?

Shekinah [It is not the hebrew word shâkhan (to dwell), but a proper name] is described as “The presence of God”, but also as “the female aspect of God”. But in the Targum, Talmud and Midrash she (...
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Why did ancient catechumens delay baptism as long as possible?

The Wikipedia articles on affusion and catechesis contain the following (unsourced) claims: The most common use [of affusion], however, was for ill or dying people who could not rise from their beds. ...
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Why did the 'storm' not remove the Unitarian from the Revision Committee that produced the 1881 Revised Version?

Prior to Westcott and Hort influencing the Revision Committee which produced the 1881 Revised Version (the supposed 'revision' of the Authorised Version which, in fact, replaced the Received Text with ...
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Is there a book that details what the popes said against reformation leaders?

Can anyone recommend a book that have all the declarations, laws, statements, etc of popes during the times of reformers like Tyndale, Luther, etc.?
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Who first came up with the “four attributes of Scripture”?

There's a lot written about the "four attributes of Scripture", meaning it's "Sufficient, Necessary, Authoritative and Perspicuous". On the other hand, most sources (like this one) ...
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What bible translation did the Unitarians use in 19th century America?

I have been recently reading a lot of Emerson and through this reading I came to know something about William Ellery Channing (the Elder), who was the main voice of American Unitarianism in the 19th ...
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106 views

What is the earliest claim that Jesus Christ kept the law of Moses on behalf of others?

J N Darby and William Kelly, those responsible for the Plymouth Brethren movement in the mid to late 1800s, did not accept the concept that, during his earthly life, Jesus Christ kept the law on ...
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343 views

What are the origins and history of shaking, trembling, jerking, contorting, collapsing, fainting and similar manifestations in Christianity?

I'm interested in learning about the origins and evolution throughout Church history of manifestations such as shaking, trembling, jerking, contorting, collapsing or fainting attributed to the Holy ...
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Who was the first christian? [closed]

Jesus is said to have been born a Jew, and the same goes for his followers. So then who was the first christian?
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Why did the Bishop of Rome accept (and retains until today) the title “Pontifex Maximus” and how were the rights & duties transferred / transformed?

According to the annual yearbook of the Catholic Church, the Bishop of Rome holds many other titles: Vicar of Jesus Christ, Successor of the Prince of the Apostles, Supreme Pontiff of the Universal ...
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286 views

Did Thomas Pearne do anything other than contradict Granville Sharp?

Granville Sharp (1735 - 1813) see Wikipedia is famous for his stoical labours in eradicating slavery and for his energetic achievement in re-patriating former slaves to Sierra Leone. Although he has a ...
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2 cities called Caesarea?

This may be in the wrong forum but I’ll try. I google searched this at length yesterday but my search terms must be lacking something as the mystery got worse not better. We’re there more than one ...
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Did 17th century Reformed Christians reject textual criticism?

The Westminster Confession says the following: WCF 1.8: The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old), and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of ...
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Who assigned the gospel authors originally?

According to the theory of the originally anonymous gospels, the titles of the most ancient surviving manuscripts were added later on. I would like to know: For each gospel, how many different, ...
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What does it mean that the Believers Eastern Church (in Asia) is an “Ancient-Future Church”?

Recently I was asked a question about the Believers Eastern Church and have been doing some research to find out what they believe. Here is part of what I discovered: The founder and current ...
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95 views

How is the idea of the ritual purity implemented in the Catholic Church?

How is the idea of the ritual purity implemented in the Catholic Church? We know that in the Old Testament priests needed to be ritually pure in order to perform rituals. How is this idea implemented ...
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The celebrant’s position and proximity to the participants

We know that the apostles were present in a face to face relation to Jesus at the Lord's Supper. When did the celebrants of the later Eucharist turn their backs on the participants, and why? Also ...
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In 1820 how were the Canons of Durango installed?

I am trying to figure out the date when Agustín Fernández became canon priest of Durango, Mexico. I know these steps were taken: Some time in 1820, the bishop and cathedral chapter chose him as canon,...
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What have Christians taught during past plagues and pandemics?

Christians have lived through many major plagues, epidemics, and pandemics over the past two thousand years. Some of the most severe pandemics were the Plague of Justinian and the Black Death, both of ...
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What did Catholics do to ease the time and maintain hope during historical pestilences such as the Black Plague?

What did Catholics (and other Christians, if applicable) do to ease the time of historical pestilences such as the Black Plague (1347 to 1351), especially in quarantine areas? I can imagine that ...
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Did the Gospel Standard Baptists and the (original) Plymouth Brethren comment on unity between themselves?

It seems to me a great shame that the Gospel Standard Baptists, in the days of such as J C Philpot, during the mid 19th century, did not have some kind of unity with the early movement of the Plymouth ...
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Whence did 'with the Holy Spirit' get added to the prayer “One is Holy, One is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Amen”?

In Western Christian worship, there is a part where the faithful say "One is Holy, One is Lord, Jesus Christ, (together) with the Holy Spirit, to the glory of God the Father. Amen." In Eastern ...
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What innovations in ethics occurred within Christendom during the 9th Century?

I am looking for any noteworthy developments, formulations, or codifications of ethics that occurred between 770 and 890 AD in any country or empire that was nominally Christian. If the answer relates ...
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Were the debates between Gnostics and orthodox Christians recorded and preserved?

Gnosticism was an early Christian sect that taught mysticism, rejected Jewish scriptures, such as the Hebrew Bible, and felt that Jesus' teachings, crucifixion, and resurrection were mere appearances. ...
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Where can I find the text of “Prayer” by Father Faber?

I'm reading a book from the 1920's that mentions Father Faber's book "Prayer" as a good reference on the two main forms of contemplation in the 15th century. It claims that "Prayer" was then ...
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118 views

Why did Eusebius quote this passage?

So this is a quick question. We all know Eusebius quoted Testimonium Flavianum in his Church History. About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man. For he ...
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Books on Patristics

What book(s) do you recommend on church history with emphasis on the church fathers? Would prefer something which is not biassed toward a given denomination or church, but an objective overview of the ...
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Why did Jesuits and Franciscans disagree about indigenous labor in their missions?

Alejandro Murguía in "The Medicine of Memory" wrote that Jesuit missions in New Spain were averse to controlling native labor. When Franciscans and Dominicans took over after the expulsion of the ...
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117 views

When did the term “evangelical” first start being used?

The term "evangelical" is used to describe a particular set of Christian beliefs, and is generally considered orthogonal to denominations - you could get, for example, evangelical Anglicans and non-...
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Did Rome prefer that Catholic clergy not work for national governments?

What has been the Catholic Church's position about its clergy taking jobs serving national governments? I have two examples, from the History question "Which Catholic priests were given diplomatic ...
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227 views

Why are we Christians if Jesus was Jew?

I know for you may be a dummy question but I've never understood why are we Christians if Jesus, the God's son, was of Jewish descent?
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Was the Trinity looked upon by John of Damascus and Gregory of Nyssa as a combination of Jewish monotheism and pagan polytheism?

John of Damascus says "of the Greek we have the distinction of hypostases.". That is adding Greek doctrine to "Christianity." When John says "we have" something "...
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Did the authors of the Westminster Confession of Faith ever explain why they thought God could not be the author of sin?

Ch3 of the W.C.of F. says "neither is God the author of sin". One can make something which is entirely different from oneself. e.g. if someone makes a cake they do not become a cake themselves. ...
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Can somebody summarize the different “branches” of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

All my life, I've been massively confused about how there exists separate, seemingly incompatible and separate, "branches" of Christianity. I know about "protestant", "catholic" and then there's ...
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801 views

Did the invention of the printing press change Christianity?

Before 1440 and the invention of the printing press, most Christians would not have had their own personal bible. So I would assume the only place they would see one would be in a church read by a ...
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Which heresy did Spurgeon accuse Pusey of?

I have been asked to explain what Charles Spurgeon meant when he said "Puseyism" was heretical. Apparently, Charles Spurgeon brought this up in his sermons. I have done some initial research and ...
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46 views

Who oversaw the 9th, 10th, and 11th sessions of the Council of Trent?

From the wiki page on the Council of Trent, we have: Pope Paul III, who convoked the Council, oversaw the first eight sessions (1545–47), while the twelfth to sixteenth sessions (1551–52) were ...

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