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Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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2
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4answers
93 views

Why are we Christians if Jesus was Jew?

I know for you may be a dummy question but I've never understood why are we Christians if Jesus, the God's son, was of Jewish descent?
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Was the Trinity looked upon by John of Damascus and Gregory of Nyssa as a combination of Jewish monotheism and pagan polytheism? [closed]

John of Damascus says "of the Greek we have the distinction of hypostases.". That is adding Greek doctrine to "Christianity." When John says "we have" something "from" the Greeks he is speaking of ...
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1answer
85 views

Did the authors of the Westminster Confession of Faith ever explain why they thought God could not be the author of sin?

Ch3 of the W.C.of F. says "neither is God the author of sin". One can make something which is entirely different from oneself. e.g. if someone makes a cake they do not become a cake themselves. ...
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9answers
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Can somebody summarize the different “branches” of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

All my life, I've been massively confused about how there exists separate, seemingly incompatible and separate, "branches" of Christianity. I know about "protestant", "catholic" and then there's ...
3
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4answers
307 views

Did the invention of the printing press change Christianity?

Before 1440 and the invention of the printing press, most Christians would not have had their own personal bible. So I would assume the only place they would see one would be in a church read by a ...
5
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1answer
277 views

Which heresy did Spurgeon accuse Pusey of?

I have been asked to explain what Charles Spurgeon meant when he said "Puseyism" was heretical. Apparently, Charles Spurgeon brought this up in his sermons. I have done some initial research and ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Who oversaw the 9th, 10th, and 11th sessions of the Council of Trent?

From the wiki page on the Council of Trent, we have: Pope Paul III, who convoked the Council, oversaw the first eight sessions (1545–47), while the twelfth to sixteenth sessions (1551–52) were ...
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6answers
257 views

Who were the main Protestant precursors?

While Martin Luther is the origin of a particular protestant-reformist movement named Lutheran and of its derivative churches, it's unclear to me whether he should be considered responsible to the ...
3
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2answers
235 views

Did Jesus reject the apocrypha?

In this video, John Barnett says "Jesus rejected the apocrypha" at 2:06:46. He goes into detail to discuss how Jesus accepted particular writers but rejected others. Are there any scriptural ...
6
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1answer
69 views

Was there a time when bishops were not appointed to other sees and did not generally ever relocate?

Today it is common for bishops to relocate to another (probably more prestigious) episcopal see. For example Rainer Wölki was first titular Bishop of Scampa, then Archbishop of Berlin and is now ...
0
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1answer
112 views

Was Eastern-Orthodox liturgical music influenced by Islam?

If you ever went to an Eastern-Orthodox service, well... their music sounds like Islam to me. It's very different from Western Christian music that is typically accompanied by an organ (even known ...
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2answers
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Was Constantine The Great a Nicene Christian?

Lately I've been trying to figure out whether or not Constantine is a Nicene Christian. He was baptised by Eusebius who was of course an Arian. And since he was very close to Eusebius, he was ...
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4answers
155 views

Were any of the early church leaders Gentile converts to Christianity?

By early, I mean the second half of the first century to the end of the second century. I know, for example, that Paul and Barnabus were ethnic Jews. The Apostle Paul mentions various Christians, ...
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2answers
108 views

Biblical or Historical Devil Worshipper?

I am writing a novel happening in 1346. In it, a satanist sect worships some relics of a person that embodies evil (a biblical or historical devil worshipper). In the novel, the chuch will unroot and ...
2
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3answers
144 views

What did the original Christian writings look like during the 1st century CE?

It is said (from what I've read), from a few Google searches related to "when was the new testament first written", that the New Testament was written down somewhere between 30CE and 150CE, rough ...
6
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1answer
140 views

What is the meaning of the stained glass above the altar at Votivkirche in Wien with the Portuguese Quinas on it?

I would like to know more information on a glass painting I found in the church Votivkirche in Wien (Vienna, Austria). Above the person with the shield there is the symbol of the Portuguese Quinas. ...
7
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1answer
177 views

Origins of the historical shift towards Believers baptism in the Protestant movement?

Much of modern protestantism believes that only believers should be baptized, as believing adults (or at least consenting young people). The primary example being obviously Baptists. This is a ...
0
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1answer
111 views

Mary as the Queen of heaven

The Pope Pius XII in the encyclical AD CAELI REGINAM recognizes Mary as the "queen of heaven", although historically she was already known that way. If the Pope knows the Bible, why not distance ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Was 30 the canonical age for Catholic priesthood in the 1700s?

I understand that the current canonical age for Catholic ordination is 25 years. Was the minimum previously 30 years? The documentation of a priest's ordination in 1775 shows that the diocese spent ...
6
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1answer
169 views

Why is the Ichthys symbol almost always facing left?

This question is very straight forward: is there any reason for the Ichthys symbol to be almost always facing left? A simple google search will show this pattern. Is there any theology or even ...
6
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3answers
232 views

How do Trinitarians explain the Athanasian Creed saying that the “one God” is the Trinity rather than the Father as in the Nicene Creed?

In Scripture and the early Creeds, "one God" is used primarily to refer to God the Father: 1 Cor 8:6 (NIV): yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we ...
2
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1answer
151 views

If the Geneva Bible was the Bible of the English reformation, then why did the KJV become so widely used?

If the Geneva Bible was the bible of the reformation, Why is the KJV used more widely than the Geneva Bible? And (if applicable) what would be the main differences between the two bibles (in terms of ...
4
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1answer
298 views

Is there any evidence that people of Jewish descent came to the Americas before the birth of Christ Jesus

While doing research into a question about the Aztec and Mayan peoples I found an article from the official web site of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints which suggests that Jesus ...
21
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2answers
5k views

What does “see” in “the Holy See” mean?

The seat of the Bishop of Rome is called "the Holy See". What does "see" mean? Does it mean “Holy Sea”, as the word “see” could be an archaic spelling of the word “sea”. It would make sense, because ...
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0answers
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Did J. Gresham Machen consider joining an existing presbyterian body before founding the OPC?

J. Gresham Machen is best known for his battle against theological liberalism in the northern Presbyterian church in the US (the PCUSA), first founding a seminary (in 1929) and then an independent ...
4
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2answers
107 views

What was the impetus for restoring the Consecration of a Virgin in the 20th Century?

The United States Association of Consecrated Virgins says the following about their sacramental: The Consecration of a Virgin is one of the oldest sacramentals in the Church, and one of the fruits ...
4
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4answers
205 views

Were the early Christians known by any other name?

We see in Acts 11:24-26 (NRSVCE): "For he was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith. And a great many people were brought to the Lord. Then Barnabas went to Tarsus to look for Saul, and ...
4
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1answer
47 views

Does the text of the 13th Century Vita of St. Dymphna still exist today?

The 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia says the following about St. Dymphna: The earliest historical account of the veneration of St. Dymphna dates from the middle of the thirteenth century. Under Bishop ...
3
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1answer
59 views

What is the earliest use of the phrase “the Lord's law of health” in reference to the LDS Word of Wisdom?

Background The modern Church uses the phrase "the Lord's law of health" to describe the Word of Wisdom. For example, Chapter 29 of Gospel Principles is called "The Lord's Law of Health." However, ...
3
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1answer
149 views

History of the doctrine of religious vocation in Catholic Church

I am reading Aquinas and I am puzzled by his view on religious vocation and common view in the Church today (I will for sake of simplicity call it a modern view) about religious vocation. In On the ...
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2answers
266 views

How was the church structured during the time of 300 AD - 500 AD?

I know in 1054 AD, the Catholic & Orthodox churches had split - creating the great schism, but I'm curious to learn about the earlier history of the church. Are there any historical sources which ...
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1answer
100 views

Moses called a liar [closed]

Muhammad,via Surah al-Qasas 28:38 calls Moses one of the liars.Comment please How true is it that The Roman Catholic church educated and trained someone to become or he became Prophet Muhammad...God'...
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1answer
96 views

On what basis does Thomas Aquinas say that the Church existed since the time of Abel?

In Aquinas' Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum (Explanation of the Apostles' Creed), his explanation in Article 9 of the Church being "catholic" includes this statement: Nam aliqui dixerunt, quod ...
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5answers
265 views

How did Christians get from the biblical feast of Passover to Easter sunday?

Can any one offer an educated answer of how the Christian Church moved from Passover on the 14th day of the first biblical month to the day we now call Easter? (You can even pretend Passover and ...
4
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2answers
162 views

Did early Christians believe the world was about to end?

Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom. (Matthew 16:28, NIV) Edit: adding another verse in ...
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1answer
68 views

Do any second century Christian or Jewish writings discuss the Great Revolt of 70 AD?

The canonical New Testament was written before 70 AD. I have the impression that there are lots of apocryphal gospels, acts and letters, etc. that seem to have arisen around the second century but ...
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1answer
101 views

Do the Catholics have any letters addressed to Linus, or to any of them, from an Apostle?

Since the Catholic Church maintains documents for various things, is there any correspondence between St. Linus and St. Peter? Or from any other Apostle? Any instructions, like: "Now that you are ...
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2answers
260 views

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice?

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice? I recently watched a random YouTube video. Random, because I had no idea how I got there. ...
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4answers
893 views

Why is there no archaeological evidence that Christians existed for 200 years after 70 AD?

This is from the 2/1/2018 issue of Biblical Archaeology Society: ...For almost two hundred years after the crucifixion, Roman cities are entirely devoid of any trace of early Christians; to date, ...
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3answers
253 views

What is the origin of the “religion vs. relationship” dichotomy?

These days the word "religion" often has a bad connotation. Christians (including myself) often emphasize that they have a "relationship" with Jesus, not that they are "religious." But this doesn'...
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3answers
156 views

Has a slave served as a priest?

In a recent sermon on Ephesians 6.5-9, the possibility was raised of a slave being a priest/pastor/bishop with authority over his earthly master. I couldn't think of an example from Church history. ...
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2answers
521 views

Does the Catholic Church consider Constantine's vision of “by this symbol conquer” to be from God?

Does the Catholic Church see in Constantine's vision a divine mandate or simply a myth?
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1answer
160 views

Are any of Arius' writings extant?

In 325 CE, following the defeat of Arius at the Council of Nicea, Emperor Constantine the Great went on a campaign of book burning to eradicate all memory of Arius and his beliefs: After the First ...
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4answers
236 views

Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

While reading on Wikipedia I got to thinking why the church uses Latin as a language. According to the canonical Gospels, Jesus was arrested and tried by the Sanhedrin, and then sentenced by ...
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2answers
160 views

Is the Church a business? [closed]

In most churches, believers generate revenues and cash for the promotion of the faith in churches. In medieval times, people had to pay 10% of their income to the church. So is it quite reasonable to ...
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2answers
154 views

In the “Apostles' Creed” were they referring to themselves when they said “holy catholic church”?

I know that the stock answer concerning the identity of "the holy catholic church" is to say that it refers to the "Church Universal". But in all honesty, weren't they talking about Constantine's ...
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0answers
47 views

What theological problem in the Henoticon triggered the excommunication of the Patriarch Acacius, by the Bishop of Rome in the fifth century?

As I read through Oman's treatment of the Dark Ages, I am struck again and again by his references to Catholics (which seems in a contextual sense to mean Christian orthodoxy writ large) and what I ...
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3answers
123 views

Why is the Last Place on Earth St. Peter Founded the Seat of his Authority?

The (Roman) Catholic Church agrees that Peter founded different churches, like at Antioch or Rome, but it claims that it is only at the last place Peter lived or died is to where his supposed ...
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3answers
155 views

Historically, how did Protestantism first arrive at a consensus?

Paul urges the Corinthian church : Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be ...
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4answers
516 views

Is there any evidence to support the claim that the Apostle St. Peter founded the Church in Antioch and, if so, what are the implications?

According to tradition, the Apostle Peter founded the Church in Antioch in A.D. 34 and is regarded as the first Bishop of Antioch. Here are a few extracts from sources I found regarding this claim: ...