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Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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Does Josephus have anything to say about the Jewish high priest Josef Ben Caiaphas. after the crucifixion of Jesus Christ?

Josef Ben Caiaphas was the Jewish high priest during the time of Jesus’ ministry and for a few years afterwards. He was a strong opponent of Jesus and His message. Acts 4:1-22 informs us that Caiaphas ...
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Is there really any connection between Augustine's background as a Manichaean and his idea of priestly celibacy?

"Some have argued that Augustine of Hippo never really shook himself entirely free from his Manichaean upbringing, with its intrinsic distaste for sexuality and understanding of eroticism as a ...
Orthodox's user avatar
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What is known about the 5th century church discovered in Nevsehir?

I have been trying to find any additional information on the news that were published in 2016 about underground church discovered in Turkey, Nevsehir. But there is nothing. Can anyone help? Here is ...
Orthodox's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Best scholarship on Aquinas's birth date

This year (2024) we are right in the middle of 3 significant anniversaries related to St. Thomas Aquinas and Pope Francis launches three years of celebrations in his honor: 700 years since ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
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Is there any external or internal evidence that Theophilus in Luke and Acts is a pseudonym?

There is significant debate about the nature of Theophilus in Luke's writings. Some say that the name is a symbolic term applied to all believers. This is because Theophilus (Θεόφιλος), can be ...
Phil Harden's user avatar
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2 answers
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Are the writings of Eusebius controversial?

I am reading "The History of the Church". I have thus far read a supposed letter from Christ himself written to an official, and a declaration that Christ descended into Hades following his ...
Ken - Enough about Monica's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are there any examples of premillennialism being suppressed before the Reformation?

(Follow-up to my recent question about the reappearance of premillennialism in modern times.) It is commonly claimed that the reason premillennialism disappeared following the time of Augustine was ...
Dark Malthorp's user avatar
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When did the Catholic Church first make an official statement on the Millenarianism?

It is a well-known fact that after Augustine, and partially due to his influence, amillennialism became the dominant framework for eschatology within Christendom until after the Reformation. The ...
Dark Malthorp's user avatar
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What is the oldest instance of a Christian scholar saying that an issue is OK to disagree about?

There's an infamous story from early church history of the dispute over the correct date for celebration of Easter, which got so heated that people even called their opponents heretics over it and ...
Dark Malthorp's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
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What is the history of the Baptists, especially their early history and the separation of SBC?

I am looking for a scholar familiar with Baptist history to provide an introduction to the early history of the Baptists. In particular, I want to learn about the founding and early development ...
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What is the cause of the re-emergence of premillennialism?

Revelation 20:1-10 speaks of Christ reigning for a thousand years, which is taken as a literal kingdom of Jesus on earth after his second coming by premillennialists. Amillennialists, on the other ...
Dark Malthorp's user avatar
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When was the first holy day of obligation instituted?

When did the concept of a holy day of obligation become part of the Catholic Churches code? It would be particularly helpful to include: any early church fathers who argued missing Sunday Mass could ...
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How were the two streams of Puritan spirituality and Lutheran pietism appropriated into Evangelical spirituality today?

Some form of pietism and Puritanism are definitely identifiable within the spiritual practice of Evangelicals today, whether theologically they identify as Pentecostal, Wesleyan, Reformed, or Lutheran ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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According to Protestant Theology is there any ‘common denial’ that would group all heretical forms of Christianity under one?

I know there are many splinters of different churches after the reformation, some that seem to be different kinds of Christians and some that seem to be opposed to the previous Christians, while still ...
Mike's user avatar
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Old red letter art King James old and new testament with no printing date but Pittsburgh Pa. Is this strange when I see it stop records before 1900

I don't know what to look for as far as this. This is a strange Bible to me and I know nothing about bibles. A I said this is not right and had been altered some how for some reason. Can you give me ...
Brandy King's user avatar
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The BoM says of itself it is a true account of true events of people who lived in actual places and received through divine revelation by Smith [duplicate]

The BoM records locations, people and events in an account of what can only be recognized as what must have been the single largest, most powerful and most technologically advanced civilization in ...
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RLDS/CofC: Angels and Theophanies

The Restoration of All Things includes a restoration of revelation. Joseph Smith, as a dispensational head, had many revelations, including visions, theophanies, angelic visitations and, of course, ...
John Roberts's user avatar
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1 answer
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RLDS: Why Was Kirtland Temple Holy?

When Joseph Smith dragged his feet on building the Kirtland Temple, the Lord rebuked him saying,“Ye have sinned against me a very grievous sin in that ye have not considered the great commandment” in ...
John Roberts's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
114 views

What evidence is there to suggest the Critical Text is less biased than the Received Text with regard to the Trinity doctrine?

An old CSE question which has recently attracted a bounty has an answer that criticises the King James Version translation of 1 Timothy 3:16. This question is not about that specific Bible verse but ...
Lesley's user avatar
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Why are there a priest, deacon, and subdeacon at a High Mass?

Why are there a priest, deacon, and subdeacon at a High Mass? Why not just a priest and deacon? Or just a priest?
Geremia's user avatar
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How do we know when the early church fathers lived?

When it comes to determining when an early church father lived, how do we know the range of years when they lived? As far as I know, even for popular church fathers like Irenaeus or Papias, we don't ...
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Why was Christ depicted in catacomb paintings either with or without a beard?

And do you have any examples of frescoes of Christ with a beard?
Orthodox's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
130 views

What was Athanasius's view on the Millennium?

I have heard some theologians coming from both amillennial and premillianial perspectives claiming Athanasius as one of their own. As is often the case with modern readers of the Church Fathers, there ...
Dark Malthorp's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
147 views

How many great splits have there been in Christendom?

The split between Rome and the East is called "the Great Schism". But the church also split at Chalcedon when the Emperor Marcian demanded a quick decision, leading to the two branches "...
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Was the "Gospel of Hebrews" ever considered to be inspired?

The "Gospel of the Hebrews" has several quotations from early church fathers. Did they ever believe it to be Inspired and equal to the traditional four gospels? Or did they view it as ...
User2280's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does the pine cone statue at the vatican represent the pineal gland? [duplicate]

The pineal gland of the human brain is where the drug dmt is formed, can it mean something?
Logician's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
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Are there any Christograms that were used by Early Christians but are no more in use?

Christogram (Latin: Monogramma Christi) is a monogram or combination of letters that forms an abbreviation for the name of Jesus Christ, traditionally used as a religious symbol within the Church. As ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
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The Way of the Cross as a Prophecy of the History of the Catholic Church and a Prefigurement of the Fortunes of the Holy See?

In Fr. F. W. Faber's The Precious Blood, he makes the statement on p. 279 that: Moreover, the Way of the Cross is a great Mystery of prophecy and figure. It is a prophecy of the history of the Church;...
DDS's user avatar
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3 votes
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Did Justin Martyr believe Jesus was a "second God"?

In Justin Martyr's Dialogue with Trypho Chapter 56: Justin: I shall attempt to persuade you, since you have understood the Scriptures, [of the truth] of what I say, that there is, and that there is ...
User880's user avatar
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What is the earliest canon law reference that contraceptive intercourse does not consummate a marriage?

What is the earliest canon law reference that contraceptive intercourse does not consummate a marriage? Fr. Hardon, S.J., defines "consummated marriage" as A marriage in which after the ...
Geremia's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
202 views

Was the music of the early church a capella?

I have often heard historical arguments like the following against the use of musical instruments: Neither he [Paul] nor any other apostle, nor the Lord Jesus, nor any of the disciples for five ...
The Editor's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
217 views

Has a pope ever been removed for reasons of insanity?

Dr. Taylor Marshal says (about 25 minutes in) that a pope could be removed by the college of cardinals for reasons of insanity like powers that the 25th Amendment to the US. Constitution gives to the ...
Peter Turner's user avatar
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3 answers
484 views

Is there a name for the idea that the seven churches of Revelation represent periods in church history? How common is this belief in Protestantism?

Abeka's textbook Book of the Revelation teaches that the seven churches of Revelation prophetically represent different periods of church history, and that we are in the Laodicean church today. ...
Someone's user avatar
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1 answer
120 views

Did ancient Roman Christians celebrate any Roman national holidays?

Did ancient Roman Christians celebrate any Roman national holidays? Or were all their national holidays festivities which honored pagan gods?
Geremia's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
241 views

Has the age of Confirmation Catholics changed since Vatican I?

There's some movement to a "restored" order for the reception of the Sacraments of Initiation, but with some sort of assumption that it should be received as early as age seven. I was ...
Peter Turner's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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Why was homoousios not mentioned for 20 years after Nicaea?

In the “centuries-old account of the Council of Nicaea: … The whole power of the mysterious dogma is at once established by the one word homoousios … with one pronouncement the Church identified a ...
Andries's user avatar
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5 answers
211 views

Did Greek weigh more heavily on Bible study than Latin historically, while it is the opposite today?

I have heard that students of Christian Theology study Latin for a better understanding the religion. I haven't heard about them learning Greek. Is it the same case for both Catholics and Protestants? ...
Tim's user avatar
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1 answer
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Was Nestorius a Nestorian?

In classes earlier on in my life I was taught that Nestorius was a false teacher since he taught what some have called the "two board" theory. In this theory, There's two Jesuses (what's the ...
user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
117 views

Did the 1st Council of Nicea have a predecessor?

Prior to the First Council of Nicea was there any single meeting or ongoing group that attempted organization of the faith and its followers in any similar way ?
Bang Interro's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
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On the Contributions of St. Athanasius at the First Council of Nicea?

In 325, the bishops gathered at Nicea (with Athansius present not as a bishop but as a deacon-secretary to the Bishop of Alexandria) for an ecumenical council---in which the Council declared that the ...
DDS's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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From where did the tradition of erecting of three crosses around a church originate?

Apropos Ken Graham's Question of 18th August on medieval church architecture. One rarely comes across literature on the big crosses constructed around churches. For instance, you find an obelisk, a ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
96 views

Looking for sources of Mediaeval church architecture that shows and\or explains hard to find architectural church additions?

Looking for sources of Mediaeval church architecture that shows and\or explains hard to find architectural church additions? I can recall visiting some old Medieval churches while in France and one ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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10 votes
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Since when did the Catholic church accept Protestant baptism, and what was the original rationale for accepting?

This is a historical question. I'm interested in the earliest instance that the Catholic Church (whether by the Vatican or by a bishop) accepted a Protestant baptism for a catechumen (a convert), ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
205 views

Are there any examples of canonized saints reprimanding insubordinate women?

What are some examples of canonized saints either educating or disciplining women over insubordination in church matters where a priest or bishop would be expected to be in charge or not tolerating ...
Geremia's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
100 views

What evidence do we have for the existence of venerated relics from the Old Testament (besides the Ark of the Covenant)?

It's not hard to understand why the New Testament might resonate more strongly for the cultivation of relics than the Old Testament over the centuries of the Church's history. To name a few: The Holy ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
451 views

The Early Protestant Reformers largely venerated Mary, when did this sentiment change and why?

It seems that various famous reformers venerated Mary but in my experience there is a general disregard of Mary in modern Protestant denominations. When did this sentiment historically wane? I'm ...
Oberon Quinn's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
826 views

Where does the practice of sprinkling as a mode of baptism come from?

I grew up in a credobaptist tradition. Studying both Scripture and church history for myself without the blinders of tradition, I have come to accept paedobaptism, as I have come to a different ...
Cynthia's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
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What Original language used in writing the Scripture is the most accurate? [closed]

There are many translations used in writing the content of the Scripture. But can you tell us the most accurate language/translation?
Lydia Milo Llanto's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
969 views

How were Bishops Appointed in England Prior to the Anglican Schism

The following question is a bit of a follow-up to On Bishops Who Refused to Sign Henry VIII's Oath of Succession?. In an article "The Cardinal Martyr of England" found here: Catholic ...
DDS's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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On Bishops Who Refused to Sign Henry VIII's Oath of Succession?

The 1534 Oath of Succession made Elizabeth, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, heir to the throne rather than Mary, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. The oath also recognized the ...
DDS's user avatar
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