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Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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39 views

On what basis does Thomas Aquinas say that the Church existed since the time of Abel?

In Aquinas' Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum (Explanation of the Apostles' Creed), his explanation in Article 9 of the Church being "catholic" includes this statement: Nam aliqui dixerunt, quod ...
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5answers
143 views

How did Christians get from the biblical feast of Passover to Easter sunday?

Can any one offer an educated answer of how the Christian Church moved from Passover on the 14th day of the first biblical month to the day we now call Easter? (You can even pretend Passover and ...
3
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2answers
114 views

Did early Christians believe the world was about to end?

Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom. (Matthew 16:28, NIV) Edit: adding another verse in ...
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1answer
49 views

Do any second century Christian or Jewish writings discuss the Great Revolt of 70 AD?

The canonical New Testament was written before 70 AD. I have the impression that there are lots of apocryphal gospels, acts and letters, etc. that seem to have arisen around the second century but ...
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1answer
90 views

Do the Catholics have any letters addressed to Linus, or to any of them, from an Apostle?

Since the Catholic Church maintains documents for various things, is there any correspondence between St. Linus and St. Peter? Or from any other Apostle? Any instructions, like: "Now that you are ...
2
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2answers
207 views

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice?

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice? I recently watched a random YouTube video. Random, because I had no idea how I got there. ...
0
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4answers
592 views

Why is there no archaeological evidence that Christians existed for 200 years after 70 AD?

This is from the 2/1/2018 issue of Biblical Archaeology Society: ...For almost two hundred years after the crucifixion, Roman cities are entirely devoid of any trace of early Christians; to date, ...
4
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0answers
73 views

What is the origin of the “religion vs. relationship” dichotomy?

These days the word "religion" often has a bad connotation. Christians (including myself) often emphasize that they have a "relationship" with Jesus, not that they are "religious." But this doesn'...
5
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3answers
127 views

Has a slave served as a priest?

In a recent sermon on Ephesians 6.5-9, the possibility was raised of a slave being a priest/pastor/bishop with authority over his earthly master. I couldn't think of an example from Church history. ...
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2answers
490 views

Does the Catholic Church consider Constantine's vision of “by this symbol conquer” to be from God?

Does the Catholic Church see in Constantine's vision a divine mandate or simply a myth?
2
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1answer
84 views

Are any of Arius' writings extant?

In 325 CE, following the defeat of Arius at the Council of Nicea, Emperor Constantine the Great went on a campaign of book burning to eradicate all memory of Arius and his beliefs: After the First ...
2
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4answers
176 views

Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

While reading on Wikipedia I got to thinking why the church uses Latin as a language. According to the canonical Gospels, Jesus was arrested and tried by the Sanhedrin, and then sentenced by ...
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2answers
71 views

Is the Church a business? [closed]

In most churches, believers generate revenues and cash for the promotion of the faith in churches. In medieval times, people had to pay 10% of their income to the church. So is it quite reasonable to ...
0
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2answers
117 views

In the “Apostles' Creed” were they referring to themselves when they said “holy catholic church”?

I know that the stock answer concerning the identity of "the holy catholic church" is to say that it refers to the "Church Universal". But in all honesty, weren't they talking about Constantine's ...
3
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0answers
33 views

What theological problem in the Henoticon triggered the excommunication of the Patriarch Acacius, by the Bishop of Rome in the fifth century?

As I read through Oman's treatment of the Dark Ages, I am struck again and again by his references to Catholics (which seems in a contextual sense to mean Christian orthodoxy writ large) and what I ...
2
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3answers
107 views

Why is the Last Place on Earth St. Peter Founded the Seat of his Authority?

The (Roman) Catholic Church agrees that Peter founded different churches, like at Antioch or Rome, but it claims that it is only at the last place Peter lived or died is to where his supposed ...
7
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3answers
130 views

Historically, how did Protestantism first arrive at a consensus?

Paul urges the Corinthian church : Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be ...
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4answers
245 views

Is there any evidence to support the claim that the Apostle St. Peter founded the Church in Antioch and, if so, what are the implications?

According to tradition, the Apostle Peter founded the Church in Antioch in A.D. 34 and is regarded as the first Bishop of Antioch. Here are a few extracts from sources I found regarding this claim: ...
5
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0answers
36 views

When did lay people first get a vote in the general conferences of the United Methodist Church?

In the news reports swirling around the 2019 General Conference of the United Methodist Church, something struck me as odd – there were "lay delegates" among the 800 delegates able to vote on the ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Historical letters of investiture

Am wondering if "letters of investiture" (if that is the right term), from popes to early European missionaries, are available anywhere in print, or on the web? Am particularly interested in Ansgar.
1
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1answer
40 views

Complementarianism - What are the roles of men and women in the church?

Complementarians believe that men and women are equal but have different yet complementary roles assigned by God. What do complementarian church leaders in history believe are the differing roles of ...
1
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2answers
75 views

Were there any saints who criticized the church?

Pope Francis has said that those who constantly criticize the Catholic church are “friends of the devil”. My question is: were there any saints in history who repeatedly criticized the church or ...
5
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2answers
72 views

What is the earliest instance of Eucharistic adoration?

Eucharistic adoration is a practice in Catholicism in which the Eucharist, being bread that has literally turned into the body of Christ, is publicly displayed. Commonly, it is placed in a monstrance ...
3
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1answer
36 views

Which Prison Epistles are considered to have been written from Rome?

I recognise the modern challenges of traditional/specific dating of the NT books; and that this may suggest various answers. Are there any letters which are reliably recognised as having been written ...
3
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1answer
275 views

Why do Greek Orthodox venerate icons and Roman Catholic statues?

Historically how and why did this difference arise?
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3answers
225 views

According to Catholicism did Pope Linus know that he was the Pope and Head of the Church?

If the paltry evidence that Linus became the first bishop(?) of Rome it is odd that Paul's letter "Romans" does not mention him while it mentions: Phebe, Priscilla, Aquila, Epaenetus, Mary, Adronicus,...
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1answer
91 views

According to Catholicism did “Sacred Tradition” include Gnostic sources?

According to extant history the development of some of its main tenets ("The Doctrine of the Blessed Trinity" and "consubstantialism") clearly do not have their roots in the scriptures (and are ...
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1answer
60 views

According to Catholicism who was the Pope that immediately followed Peter? [duplicate]

Do they supply a list of all the Popes from Peter onward? Or do they not claim to be able to trace the heritage of the papacy that far back?
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1answer
92 views

According to Catholics, what is the source of the “Creed of Athanasius”: Tradition or divine inspiration?

According to Catholics, what is the source of the Trinitarian doctrine of the Athanasian Creed, tradition or divine inspiration?
5
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3answers
125 views

What influence did Greek philosophy have on the formation of orthodox Christian doctrine?

What influence did Greek philosophy have on the formation of orthodox Christian doctrine? Particularly, what Christian doctrines or paradigms of understanding God and reality can be traced to have ...
4
votes
3answers
240 views

Minimum age of marriage in the Catholic Church through the ages

I was watching a fictional series situated in XV century France, where a girl (princess) aged 8 married a +18 years old man (prince), through the Catholic Church. I wonder whether that was actually ...
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3answers
83 views

The Ten Commandments vs Other Laws

Good Day, In the Old Testament Moses was given the Ten Commandments which we all know and try to follow as best as we can. The general usefulness of these Ten Commandments have shaped western law and ...
2
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1answer
91 views

Was there an official Church of England response to the 2002 survey of clergy beliefs?

A 2002 survey of nearly 2000 Church of England clergy uncovered some worrying statistics: a third doubted or disbelieved in the physical resurrection only half were convinced of the truth of the ...
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1answer
67 views

How were the Vatican I and Vatican II councils related?

What was the difference between The First Vatican Council and the Second? Was the Second Council a continuation of the first? What does a 'Pastoral' Council mean?
8
votes
3answers
124 views

What evidence exists to support church traditions regarding the deaths of the following apostles?

The Bible tells us that King Herod had James killed by the sword (Acts 12:2) but says nothing about the death of Peter, although Jesus made reference to his martyrdom (John 21:18). Is there any ...
4
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0answers
79 views

Historical origins of the doctrine of God's self glorification

Within the Reformed tradition, it is a considered a fundamental principle of doctrine that the 'Chief End' of Man, of Creation and most importantly of God Himself is His own self glorification. We see ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Ignatius of Antioch: Christophoros or Theophorus?

I have recently being reading into some history of early Christians. I came across a reference to Ignatius of Antioch in the book "Revelations: Visions, Prophecy & Politics in the Book of ...
7
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1answer
115 views

Why is the Textus Receptus important?

I've seen it mentioned that some translations use the Textus Receptus and others don't, so why is this document important?
5
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2answers
352 views

Was there a period in the history when all who believed in Christ allowed infant baptism?

Martin Luther lived from 1483 – 1546 and John Calvin from 1509 – 1564. Both thse men wrote about the importance of infant baptism which can be read in The Large Catechism by Martin Luther & ...
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0answers
170 views

What were the doctrinal differences behind the Great Schism of 1054?

What were the doctrinal differences that caused the split of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Catholic Church in 1054?
5
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0answers
96 views

Reference for Comprehensive Prophecy Analysis in Scripture?

What all resources/expositions/writings have been published as a comprehensive analysis of prophecy in Scripture? Any resources about prophecy in all of Scripture, its fulfillment, extrabiblical ...
4
votes
3answers
178 views

Was Peter ever in Rome? [duplicate]

Is there any Biblical or historical evidence that Peter ever went to Rome? If not, how can Peter be considered the first Pope? Please note that unlike the following questions (What evidence is there ...
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2answers
92 views

Who was the first person on record who was killed by a Christian or group of Christians for religious disagreements?

I am trying to learn when did things start to go wrong in Christianity and when did it start to change from a peaceful, loving religious group into a movement that engaged in war and physical ...
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2answers
106 views

Who was the first person condemned to death by a Christian bishop?

I was wondering who was the first person a bishop condemned to death, caused to be condemned to death and such sentence was approved of by said bishop and who was the first such person who was ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

In the history of the Catholic Church, has the Sunday obligation to go to Mass ever been dispensed of due to some serious communcable disease?

Has the Sunday obligation to go to Mass ever been dispensed of due to some serious communcable disease? I am interested in knowing if Rome (the pope) ever permitted the faithful to refrain from going ...
4
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1answer
161 views

Who was the first person ordered executed by a Roman Catholic pope?

I was wondering who and when was the first person executed on orders of a pope or if there is no name information, when was the first such execution.
5
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2answers
98 views

Was Origen and/or certain teachings considered a heretic and/or heretical?

What was clear enough has become muddled for reasons unknown about Origen. We can speculate the resurgence of the idea of universal salvation is one reason for Origen's rise. In the seventeenth ...
7
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2answers
234 views

Salvation Possible After Death

Which early church fathers (pre 500) taught it was possible for a person after their death to hear and receive salvation in Christ Jesus? We know some groups teach the necessity of water baptism to ...
8
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4answers
670 views

Was universalism the majority belief of the early church?

I recently came upon an article that made this statement: According to historical records, Universal Reconciliation was the majority belief of the church during the first five centuries of the ...
4
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1answer
81 views

Did the two sides anathematize each other in the East–West Schism of 1054?

In the East–West Schism, did the two sides anathematize each other, stop considering each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ?