Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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Why are there a priest, deacon, and subdeacon at a High Mass?

Why are there a priest, deacon, and subdeacon at a High Mass? Why not just a priest and deacon? Or just a priest?
Geremia's user avatar
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How do we know when the early church fathers lived?

When it comes to determining when an early church father lived, how do we know the range of years when they lived? As far as I know, even for popular church fathers like Irenaeus or Papias, we don't ...
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Why was Christ depicted in catacomb paintings either with or without a beard?

And do you have any examples of frescoes of Christ with a beard?
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What was Athanasius's view on the Millennium?

I have heard some theologians coming from both amillennial and premillianial perspectives claiming Athanasius as one of their own. As is often the case with modern readers of the Church Fathers, there ...
Dark Malthorp's user avatar
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How many great splits have there been in Christendom?

The split between Rome and the East is called "the Great Schism". But the church also split at Chalcedon when the Emperor Marcian demanded a quick decision, leading to the two branches "...
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Was the "Gospel of Hebrews" ever considered to be inspired?

The "Gospel of the Hebrews" has several quotations from early church fathers. Did they ever believe it to be Inspired and equal to the traditional four gospels? Or did they view it as ...
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Does the pine cone statue at the vatican represent the pineal gland? [duplicate]

The pineal gland of the human brain is where the drug dmt is formed, can it mean something?
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Are there any Christograms that were used by Early Christians but are no more in use?

Christogram (Latin: Monogramma Christi) is a monogram or combination of letters that forms an abbreviation for the name of Jesus Christ, traditionally used as a religious symbol within the Church. As ...
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The Way of the Cross as a Prophecy of the History of the Catholic Church and a Prefigurement of the Fortunes of the Holy See?

In Fr. F. W. Faber's The Precious Blood, he makes the statement on p. 279 that: Moreover, the Way of the Cross is a great Mystery of prophecy and figure. It is a prophecy of the history of the Church;...
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Did Justin Martyr believe Jesus was a "second God"?

In Justin Martyr's Dialogue with Trypho Chapter 56: Justin: I shall attempt to persuade you, since you have understood the Scriptures, [of the truth] of what I say, that there is, and that there is ...
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What is the earliest canon law reference that contraceptive intercourse does not consummate a marriage?

What is the earliest canon law reference that contraceptive intercourse does not consummate a marriage? Fr. Hardon, S.J., defines "consummated marriage" as A marriage in which after the ...
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Was the music of the early church a capella?

I have often heard historical arguments like the following against the use of musical instruments: Neither he [Paul] nor any other apostle, nor the Lord Jesus, nor any of the disciples for five ...
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Has a pope ever been removed for reasons of insanity?

Dr. Taylor Marshal says (about 25 minutes in) that a pope could be removed by the college of cardinals for reasons of insanity like powers that the 25th Amendment to the US. Constitution gives to the ...
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Is there a name for the idea that the seven churches of Revelation represent periods in church history? How common is this belief in Protestantism?

Abeka's textbook Book of the Revelation teaches that the seven churches of Revelation prophetically represent different periods of church history, and that we are in the Laodicean church today. ...
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Did ancient Roman Christians celebrate any Roman national holidays?

Did ancient Roman Christians celebrate any Roman national holidays? Or were all their national holidays festivities which honored pagan gods?
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Has the age of Confirmation Catholics changed since Vatican I?

There's some movement to a "restored" order for the reception of the Sacraments of Initiation, but with some sort of assumption that it should be received as early as age seven. I was ...
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Why was homoousios not mentioned for 20 years after Nicaea?

In the “centuries-old account of the Council of Nicaea: … The whole power of the mysterious dogma is at once established by the one word homoousios … with one pronouncement the Church identified a ...
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Did Greek weigh more heavily on Bible study than Latin historically, while it is the opposite today?

I have heard that students of Christian Theology study Latin for a better understanding the religion. I haven't heard about them learning Greek. Is it the same case for both Catholics and Protestants? ...
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Was Nestorius a Nestorian?

In classes earlier on in my life I was taught that Nestorius was a false teacher since he taught what some have called the "two board" theory. In this theory, There's two Jesuses (what's the ...
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Did the 1st Council of Nicea have a predecessor?

Prior to the First Council of Nicea was there any single meeting or ongoing group that attempted organization of the faith and its followers in any similar way ?
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On the Contributions of St. Athanasius at the First Council of Nicea?

In 325, the bishops gathered at Nicea (with Athansius present not as a bishop but as a deacon-secretary to the Bishop of Alexandria) for an ecumenical council---in which the Council declared that the ...
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From where did the tradition of erecting of three crosses around a church originate?

Apropos Ken Graham's Question of 18th August on medieval church architecture. One rarely comes across literature on the big crosses constructed around churches. For instance, you find an obelisk, a ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
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Looking for sources of Mediaeval church architecture that shows and\or explains hard to find architectural church additions?

Looking for sources of Mediaeval church architecture that shows and\or explains hard to find architectural church additions? I can recall visiting some old Medieval churches while in France and one ...
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Since when did the Catholic church accept Protestant baptism, and what was the original rationale for accepting?

This is a historical question. I'm interested in the earliest instance that the Catholic Church (whether by the Vatican or by a bishop) accepted a Protestant baptism for a catechumen (a convert), ...
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Are there any examples of canonized saints reprimanding insubordinate women?

What are some examples of canonized saints either educating or disciplining women over insubordination in church matters where a priest or bishop would be expected to be in charge or not tolerating ...
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What evidence do we have for the existence of venerated relics from the Old Testament (besides the Ark of the Covenant)?

It's not hard to understand why the New Testament might resonate more strongly for the cultivation of relics than the Old Testament over the centuries of the Church's history. To name a few: The Holy ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
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The Early Protestant Reformers largely venerated Mary, when did this sentiment change and why?

It seems that various famous reformers venerated Mary but in my experience there is a general disregard of Mary in modern Protestant denominations. When did this sentiment historically wane? I'm ...
Oberon Quinn's user avatar
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Where does the practice of sprinkling as a mode of baptism come from?

I grew up in a credobaptist tradition. Studying both Scripture and church history for myself without the blinders of tradition, I have come to accept paedobaptism, as I have come to a different ...
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What Original language used in writing the Scripture is the most accurate? [closed]

There are many translations used in writing the content of the Scripture. But can you tell us the most accurate language/translation?
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How were Bishops Appointed in England Prior to the Anglican Schism

The following question is a bit of a follow-up to On Bishops Who Refused to Sign Henry VIII's Oath of Succession?. In an article "The Cardinal Martyr of England" found here: Catholic ...
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On Bishops Who Refused to Sign Henry VIII's Oath of Succession?

The 1534 Oath of Succession made Elizabeth, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, heir to the throne rather than Mary, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. The oath also recognized the ...
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Do we know how many bishops attending the Council of Nicaea were victims of the Roman perscutions?

Do we know how many bishops attending the Council of Nicaea were actual victims of the Roman perscutions? The Council of Nicaea opened on May 20, 325 AD. The First Council of Nicaea, the first ...
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Was there any early church fathers who affirmed the Death Penalty? [duplicate]

The death penalty is clearly supported in the scriptures (Genesis 9:6, Exodus 21:12, Numbers 35:30-31, Deuteronomy 17:6, Job 19:29, Romans 13:1-4) but was there any Early Church Fathers between 80 AD ...
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Is the authorship of the New Testament Sacred Tradition in the Catholic and Orthodox churches?

For example, is the tradition that the Gospel of Matthew was "written according to Matthew" considered an infallible Sacred Tradition in the Catholic or Orthodox churches?
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Did the early church believe that Jesus was uncreated?

Among the early church there was a dispute on the nature of Christ, with some Christians claiming that Jesus was not only God but was uncreated and some like Arius believing that Jesus Christ was ...
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Paul using mystery cults to textualize his message to the Near East/Rome?

I've caught the tail end of a great lecture by a priest but have not been able to identify him or the venue. What I recall clearly is the very interesting point he brought up about the importance in ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
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Did historical protestants identify themselves as "catholics"?

Did Historical protestant churches like Lutheran, Calvinist, Anglican, etc... and their founders identify themselves as lowercase "catholic"(Universal in sense) in their founding years? or ...
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What was the old style of penance, before modern indulgences?

In this answer, it is mentioned that the times listed for various indulgences corresponds not to that amount of time off Purgatory, but to a remission equivalent to what one would get from performing ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
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Did any other church father other than St. Augustine believe in the just war theory?

St. Augustine is the most commonly known inventor of the just war theory, which is that war is sometimes justified if the outcome is peace, but did any other early church father other than St. ...
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What is the earliest reference of the seven sacraments in the Orthodox Church?

In the Roman-Catholic Church, the earliest writings that explicitly mention the seven sacraments come from Peter Lombard’s “Setences”. I am curious what are the earliest reference in Eastern-Orthodoxy ...
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Did the Early Church practice the salutation of “Peace to this House”, as had been taught by Jesus in Luke 10:5?

We Jesus instructing his disciples in Lk 10:1-5: After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go. He told them,...
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Did different Jews have different canons?

During the time of Jesus Christ and even before the time of Christ there existed different sects of Jews (the Pharisees, the Sadducees and the Hellenistic Jews) but did they different sect of Jews ...
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Was "peace be with you" a common greeting in the Early Church?

In the Old and the New Testament "peace be with you" was a common greeting among Jesus Christ and the prophets (Genesis 43:23, Judges 19:20, Luke 24:36, John 20:19) but was "peace be ...
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Did any of the Early Church Fathers believe in the supremacy of St. Peter? [duplicate]

Catholics believe that the Early Church Fathers held to the primacy of St. Peter (ie that Christ gave authority to St. Peter and to his successors to lead the church), but did any of the Early Church ...
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Did only bishops preach in the early Church?

Cardinal Manning, The Eternal Priesthood p. 175 claims: In the beginning it was the Bishops alone who preached. The needs of the faith compelled them to delegate this, their chief office, to the ...
Geremia's user avatar
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Did the Early Church Fathers believe in exorcisms?

Both Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians believe in exorcism (ie the religious or spiritual practice of evicting demons, jinns, or other malevolent spiritual entities from a person), but did the ...
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The Gospel’s message for Constantine the Great

The case has been made regarding Jesus and Lazarus, that the fact that a person of substance (Jesus) should take an interest of a person such as Lazarus is perhaps a greater miracle than Lazarus’ ...
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What is the biblical and early church basis against religious tolerance?

Christianity is very often labelled as being tolerant, especially towards other religions. But is there a biblical and historical (i.e. the church fathers) basis against so called "religious ...
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History and theological purpose of the Sequence portion of the Catholic Requiem Mass liturgy

In Mozart's Requiem (K. 626), the most musically well known (apart from the Introitus) is the Sequentia portion consisting of the following sections: Dies irae ("Day of Wrath"), 8:06 Tuba ...
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Did the early church believe that Jesus was celibate?

Jesus Christ in the gospels was never married nor did he ever have children and it is believed historically that Jesus himself was celibate but did any of the Early Church Fathers believe that Jesus ...
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