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Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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Was there an official Church of England response to the 2002 survey of clergy beliefs?

A 2002 survey of nearly 2000 Church of England clergy uncovered some worrying statistics: a third doubted or disbelieved in the physical resurrection only half were convinced of the truth of the ...
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1answer
48 views

How were the Vatican I and Vatican II councils related?

What was the difference between The First Vatican Council and the Second? Was the Second Council a continuation of the first? What does a 'Pastoral' Council mean?
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67 views

What historical Christian figures (pre-1960s) could be considered proto-“Liberation Theologians”? [closed]

Obviously, Liberation Theologies only emerged due to social and historical forces in the last half of the 20th century. However, they certainly can't be the only figures in history who have had this ...
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3answers
90 views

What evidence exists to support church traditions regarding the deaths of the following apostles?

The Bible tells us that King Herod had James killed by the sword (Acts 12:2) but says nothing about the death of Peter, although Jesus made reference to his martyrdom (John 21:18). Is there any ...
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60 views

Historical origins of the doctrine of God's self glorification

Within the Reformed tradition, it is a considered a fundamental principle of doctrine that the 'Chief End' of Man, of Creation and most importantly of God Himself is His own self glorification. We see ...
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1answer
31 views

Ignatius of Antioch: Christophoros or Theophorus?

I have recently being reading into some history of early Christians. I came across a reference to Ignatius of Antioch in the book "Revelations: Visions, Prophecy & Politics in the Book of ...
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1answer
92 views

Why is the Textus Receptus important?

I've seen it mentioned that some translations use the Textus Receptus and others don't, so why is this document important?
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305 views

Was there a period in the history when all who believed in Christ allowed infant baptism?

Martin Luther lived from 1483 – 1546 and John Calvin from 1509 – 1564. Both thse men wrote about the importance of infant baptism which can be read in The Large Catechism by Martin Luther & ...
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96 views

What were the doctrinal differences behind the Great Schism of 1054?

What were the doctrinal differences that caused the split of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Catholic Church in 1054?
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85 views

Reference for Comprehensive Prophecy Analysis in Scripture?

What all resources/expositions/writings have been published as a comprehensive analysis of prophecy in Scripture? Any resources about prophecy in all of Scripture, its fulfillment, extrabiblical ...
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3answers
131 views

Was Peter ever in Rome? [duplicate]

Is there any Biblical or historical evidence that Peter ever went to Rome? If not, how can Peter be considered the first Pope? Please note that unlike the following questions (What evidence is there ...
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2answers
83 views

Who was the first person on record who was killed by a Christian or group of Christians for religious disagreements?

I am trying to learn when did things start to go wrong in Christianity and when did it start to change from a peaceful, loving religious group into a movement that engaged in war and physical ...
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2answers
97 views

Who was the first person condemned to death by a Christian bishop?

I was wondering who was the first person a bishop condemned to death, caused to be condemned to death and such sentence was approved of by said bishop and who was the first such person who was ...
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1answer
112 views

In the history of the Catholic Church, has the Sunday obligation to go to Mass ever been dispensed of due to some serious communcable disease?

Has the Sunday obligation to go to Mass ever been dispensed of due to some serious communcable disease? I am interested in knowing if Rome (the pope) ever permitted the faithful to refrain from going ...
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1answer
127 views

Who was the first person ordered executed by a Roman Catholic pope?

I was wondering who and when was the first person executed on orders of a pope or if there is no name information, when was the first such execution.
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1answer
61 views

Was Origen and/or certain teachings considered a heretic and/or heretical?

What was clear enough has become muddled for reasons unknown about Origen. We can speculate the resurgence of the idea of universal salvation is one reason for Origen's rise. In the seventeenth ...
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198 views

Salvation Possible After Death

Which early church fathers (pre 500) taught it was possible for a person after their death to hear and receive salvation in Christ Jesus? We know some groups teach the necessity of water baptism to ...
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4answers
341 views

Was universalism the majority belief of the early church?

I recently came upon an article that made this statement: According to historical records, Universal Reconciliation was the majority belief of the church during the first five centuries of the ...
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1answer
65 views

Did the two sides anathematize each other in the East–West Schism of 1054?

In the East–West Schism, did the two sides anathematize each other, stop considering each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ?
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73 views

How was the 70 weeks of Daniel understood over the ages?

What were the beliefs regarding the total fulfillment/non total fulfillment of Daniel's 70 weeks prophecy before the Scoffield bible era? I am especially interested in those who believed there was ...
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1answer
196 views

Was Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora due to their love for each other?

The documentary series This Changed Everything: 500 Years of the Reformation includes a section in episode 1 about Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora. Dr. Frank James (President and ...
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493 views

Do any of the seven ecumenical councils condemn slavery?

Did any of the seven ecumenical councils respected both by Catholic and Orthodox Christians pronounce against slavery or allow slavery?
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1answer
141 views

When was infant baptism rejected in the development of Pentecostalism?

Pentecostalism arose out of the Holiness movement, a movement which itself arose out of Wesleyanism/Methodism. But while Wesleyans and Methodists are generally infant baptists, most Pentecostals are ...
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73 views

When was the tripartite (body, soul, and spirit) view of man officially rejected by a church council?

The trichotomy of man (or his trichotomous or tripartite nature) is the belief that man was created with three "parts" – body, soul, and spirit. This is a popular viewpoint among many Christians, but ...
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1answer
84 views

How did Oneness Pentecostalism spread and grow during the 20th century?

Oneness Pentecostalism is a movement within the broader Pentecostal movement which rejects the Trinity and is essentially a revival of Modalism. Oneness Pentecostalism arose shortly after ...
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87 views

When and from whom is the source that for Christians, God dwells in buildings you go to, rather than in believers?

The question of when Christians started attending church at a building rather than their homes led to a few answers and comments. One got me to thinking and asking this question. When did the ...
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85 views

Was St. Patrick a really Roman Catholic and did he keep the 7th day Sabbath?

Does anyone have a historical reference that Saint Patrick actually kept the seventh day Sabbath and was not a Roman Catholic?
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2answers
262 views

Was there a non-Augustinian response to universalism in the early Church?

Most are aware of Augustine's abandonment of his universalism and his later adoption of eternal conscious torment in literal fire. His rejection of universalism is ultimately founded upon a ...
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155 views

Why does the Catholic Church hold Mary's virginity and the absence of brothers against the historians?

Jesus does not have a brother in the catholic tradition, his mother Mary is a perpetual virgin, which can hardly be compatible with having several children. Yet in his epistle to the Galatians (1, 19)...
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59 views

To what extent did the Chinese government force Catholic priests to marry?

In his book The Souls of China, Ian Johnson writes about a type of religious persecution that was inflicted on some groups in China during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76): Across the country, ...
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1answer
154 views

Was Martin Luther known to have read the First Epistle of Clement?

The First Epistle of Clement is an early Christian document that was commonly circulated in the early church before being rejected as part of the New Testament canon. There is a passage in it that ...
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1answer
51 views

Is the dignity of man pertains to his soul only or to the wholeness of his being meaning body & soul?

The Teaching of Tradition that support the Council of Trent interpretation on death penalty cited the reflections or teaching of St.Thomas Aquinas and St.Augustine; "They will never be beasts, but ...
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2answers
212 views

Is the Latin Mass, when celebrated not in Full Communion with Rome, not pleasing & acceptable to God?

For brevity, I would clarify my question as relating to the Traditionalist groups who are in full opposition to Pope Francis and to the teachings of Vatican II but would still consider themselves as ...
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4answers
383 views

Has anyone in history suffered God’s visible wrath by uttering disrespect & attack on the dignity of the Vicar of Christ?

We know from Apostle’s times that Jesus claimed that an attack or persecution to the Church member’s is a direct attack on Himself what more to a Vicar of Christ. The Road to Damascus "As Saul ...
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3answers
430 views

Did Arianism survive as Islam?

St. John of Damascus (676 - 749) writes on his Critique of Islam: From that time to the present a false prophet named Mohammed has appeared in their midst. This man, after having chanced upon the ...
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2answers
119 views

What is the current and historical viewpoint on universal salvation as a doctrine in the Catholic Church?

What is the current and historical viewpoint on universal salvation as a doctrine in the Catholic Church? Is there any defence or reference to this doctrine in any of the current catechisms? And ...
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2answers
423 views

What is the Catholic Church's historical position on capital punishment: how did we get here?

It's big news in the internet today. Pope Francis declares death penalty unacceptable in all cases. The Pope made specific changes to the catechism reflecting this. From the New York Times: ...
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2answers
130 views

What is the origin of the idea that Miriam, sister of Moses, was a virgin?

Church father Chromatius, writing around the turn of the 4th century, appeals to an interesting OT example to defend the perpetual virginity of Mary: Remember that Miriam the prophetess of the Old ...
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1answer
91 views

Were any of the Apostolic Fathers Jews?

A simple question; I am reading the Apostolic Fathers and have noticed how they frequently refer to themselves as 'Gods Chosen' and speak of the Old Testament prophets as 'Our Forefathers'. This ...
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2answers
131 views

What is the meaning of “Advocata Nostra” according to Catholic Tradition & Teaching?

The famous hymn "Salve Regina" in Latin contains the words "Advocata Nostra" and it is recited at the end of the Holy Rosary. What is the meaning of that phrase "Advocata Nostra" according to Church ...
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1answer
134 views

Who are the “extreme Anabaptists” who believed that regeneration makes people incapable of sin?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I noticed an interesting tidbit about the beliefs of "extreme Anabaptists" on regeneration. He argues: [Regeneration is not] a complete or ...
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1answer
88 views

What are the important gifts and graces given to Mary to become Mother of the Church?

Catholic Church Tradition already embraced the view of Mary's role as Mother of the Church. It says Saint Augustine and Pope Saint Leo the Great both reflected on the Virgin Mary’s importance in the ...
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1answer
65 views

Is there a sound doctrine or biblical explanation why Satan is called “the ape of God”?

I encountered this word in the book entitled "The Devil", I forgot the name of the author. it said Tertullian called Satan the "ape of God" but offer very little explanation. We know from the bible ...
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2answers
80 views

Nature of the Church in 1st Corinthians

In 1 Corinthians 1:10-12 - (“10 I appeal to you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be united in the same ...
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50 views

Which prophecies does Justin Martyr claim predict Jesus' Advent? Please identify them

In his First Apology Justin Martyr writes: We find it also predicted that certain persons should be sent by Him into every nation to publish these things, and that rather among the Gentiles [than ...
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2answers
345 views

How could Queen Victoria of England marry her first cousin?

How could Queen Victoria of England marry her first cousin? Isn't it forbidden by the church to marry one's first cousin?
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1answer
70 views

Early Church Persecution

Was it Jewish or Gentile Christians fed to lions and tigers, and did that influence the contention that developed between Jewish and Gentile Christians?
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2answers
198 views

Did the Catholic Church proscribe private ownership and reading of scripture?

I have heard that the Catholic Church did not permit private ownership of scripture nor any attempts to read and understand it so that the only copies were the ones possessed by the Church and the ...
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1answer
99 views

Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?

Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?
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70 views

Priestly hiring competitions in the Catholic Church in Mexico

In the Archives of the Archbishopric of Durango there are a number of documents about concursos de curatos, or priestly concourses, which were used for hiring into vacant parishes and cathedral ...