Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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What is the origin of the “Fire Tunnel” ritual at Bethel Church?

According to Wikipedia: Bethel Church is an American non-denominational hyper-charismatic megachurch in Redding, California with over 11,000 members. The church was established in 1952 and is ...
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According to Non-Trinitarians, why did God allow Trinitarianism to become the mainstream understanding of His nature?

If God's nature is not adequately portrayed by Trinitarian theology, then why did God allow such an erroneous understanding of His nature to become so widespread among the members of the Church, the ...
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Did some Christians ,before the 7th century read the Jewish Mishnah?

Did some Christians ,before the 7th century read the Jewish Mishnah? was it possible for some Christians to get a written copy of the Mishnah?
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How common is it for revivalist preachers to testify of a dramatic life-changing divine encounter as the event that sparked their revivalist ministry?

I'm starting to read up on the biographies of some the most notable revivalist preachers in Christianity. Wikipedia has an article that lists many of them. What brought my attention to this topic in ...
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How much authority does Pseudo-Dionysus still have in today's Catholic Church? [duplicate]

Ancient and medieval Church identified the sixth century Syrian Christian Neoplatonist author Dionysius the Areopagite, and not until modern times the truth has been revealed. However, Pseudo-Dionysus ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT affirmation of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

I have two very related questions: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous affirmation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, distinct from the Father and the Son, in the ...
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Did a Church Father ever write an epistle encouraging Christians to observe the Jewish Sabbath, and if so, what was the earliest instance?

Did a Church Father ever write an epistle in which he explicitly encouraged Christians to embrace the observance of the Jewish Sabbath? I've looked at the matter, but only managed to find examples of ...
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How widespread was the observance of the Jewish Sabbath among Christians during Early Christianity (A.D. 30–324)?

Question How widespread was the observance of the Jewish Sabbath among Christians during Early Christianity (A.D. 30–324)? Further Details As a reminder, the Jewish Sabbath is defined as: [...] the ...
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What is an overview of the early Church's viewpoints on Christology at the time of the Apostolic Era?

What were the beliefs of the early Church regarding the nature of Jesus during the Apostolic Era? By Apostolic Era, I mean the time of the Apostles and their immediate successors who knew them ...
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Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians denying the divinity of Jesus during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

I'm essentially asking the counter-question to this one. Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians (post-New Testament) openly denying the divinity of Jesus in the 1st and 2nd ...
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Are there any denominations that are or have been both unitarian and think the parousia happened in A.D. 70?

Are there any denominations currently or throughout the history of Christianity that are or have been both a) unitarian and b) think the events described in the Olivet discourse of Matthew (in ...
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What are biblical arguments for congregationalist church polity?

The Orthodox and Roman-Catholic Churches argue that the episcopal church polity is the only valid one, citing first and second Timothy and early church fathers like Ignatius of Antioch. What are some ...
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Were any Popes critics of the Iberian “Blood purity” doctrines?

Spain had at one point of its history a significant Jewish population (Sephardi Jews) as well as a large Muslim minority following the conquests of Islamic realms in Iberia. Judaism and Islam were ...
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How do Protestants answer the Catholic accusation of historicity?

The Roman Catholic Church has a claim of apostolic succession, from St. Peter transited by the laying on of hands. Most Protestants reject this understanding of apostolic succession, and instead teach ...
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Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the divinity of Jesus?

Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the divinity of Jesus? What about the first century? What about the second century (and so on)? Was the belief in the divinity of ...
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Are there any documented instances where a council settled a doctrinal debate with the assistance of the Holy Spirit, as in Acts 15?

Acts 15 tells us the story of the Jerusalem Council and the importance that the Holy Spirit had in arriving at a final resolution, which was issued to the Gentiles, concerning their obligations toward ...
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Is there any historical evidence of the gifts of healing in operation by the second Century?

I was wanting to know if any of the church fathers have documented anything concerning the gift of healing with eye witness testimony or the gift of Miracles being in operation by the second century?
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Early Christian responses to suicide (source/text identification)?

I'm looking for a text I read some time ago where an Early Church writer (one of the Patristic Fathers?) responds to an argument regarding suicide put forth by some opponents. IIRC, it goes something ...
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What did the Early Christians Believe About the Trinity Before the Gospel of John? [closed]

I think Christianity today is extremely Johannine, meaning very dependent on the teachings of the Gospel of John. In my studies, I came across the fact that most Christian communities of the late ...
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Who compiled the Canons of Dort?

I have found many articles and discussions online regarding the Canons of Dort but have yet to find who was actually instrumental in formulating this document. Can anyone tell me or link to some ...
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How did the Council of Nicea get such a bad rap? [closed]

I’ve heard countless arguments from Atheists and Muslims that the 1st Council of Nicea banned books from the Bible, hid inconvenient truths, expunged Mohammed from the Bible and so on, we know that ...
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Evidence for the authenticity of relics relics such as the True Cross? [duplicate]

I'm wondering if there is any evidence for the authenticity of various relics such as pieces of the "true cross".
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Was the KJV “too highly colored in many places with the party ideas and opinions of those who made it”?

In the Emphatic Diaglott, the second paragraph under the heading "To the Reader" states: But can it be fairly said that such is the case with our present English Version? We opine not. ...
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Was the matter of whether the Christians who had renounced their faith under torture should be accepted back considered in the First Council?

Was the question of whether to accept back into the Church those who, under torture, renounced their Christian faith, was considered at the First Ecumenical Council of 325? The wiki page on the First ...
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Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the doctrine of intercession of saints during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

Motivated by a related question, I would like to know if there is any historical evidence that the early church believed in the doctrine of intercession of saints during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.
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Sin as a goal of man [closed]

God created Man. Only difference between human and animal is possibiity of sin. Hence God create man for only this purpose, commit sin. And from sin we glorify God. Are there exists in the past/...
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Are there any accounts of “words of knowledge” taking place outside of Pentecostal and Charismatic denominations?

First of all, let me clarify what I mean by "Word of Knowledge" to avoid confusions. I'm particularly interested in the following definition from Wikipedia: [...] It can also be defined as ...
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What are the origins and history of the practice of holding massive healing crusades in large stadiums or arenas?

For some time I've been interested in the topic of Christian revivals throughout history. In particular, Argentina stands out in my opinion during the second half of the 20th century with a track ...
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Calvinist and Arminian debate before the 16th century?

For some 500 years after the reformation, the Calvinist and Arminian debate is still ongoing on, both between scholars and layman Christians. You can simply google or search in youtube how much hatred ...
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When was the term 'substitutionary atonement' first coined and what was the reason for the choice of the 2 words?

The term 'substitutionary atonement' has been used within Trinitarian, Protestant, Reformed Baptist circles for some time, and it is those I wish to examine in this question. But the word 'substitute' ...
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Mitred women in the Catholic Church?

Mitred women in the Catholic Church? Historically, we know that there were women in the Early Church, who were non-ordained deaconesses. I know that male deacons and even kings have been given the ...
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Introduction to Catholicism, Protestantism, Presbyterianism, Anglican and Eastern Christian for kids

I'm quite ignorant on such different Christianity religions, on their history, main differences, and relations etc, so quite handicapped in introducing such to my 7 years old boy. I noticed there's a ...
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What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified?

What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified? What I’ve heard is Peter was about the same age as Jesus (30-33), while John was an older teenage, approximately 18. This ...
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Are there cases of popular atheists who used to publicly defend atheism (via debates, books, etc.) but eventually ended up converting to Christianity? [closed]

Examples of popular atheists known for participating in debates with believers and publicly defending atheistic positions are Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Matt Dillahunty, Aron Ra and pretty much the ...
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What are the early Church Fathers' views on the veneration/honoring of Saints

I recently watched a video from the youtube channel Ascension Presents and Fr. Mike Schmitz on whether or not Catholics worship the saints. He quoted St. Augustine who said that we give the saints ...
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Did John Calvin say “The worst of plagues is human reason”?

I have searched high and low for the source of this quote, attributed to John Calvin, but to no avail. This link provides approximately 425 quotes, but I could not find "The worst of plagues is ...
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Are there any records of animal-like behaviors outside the “Toronto Blessing”?

The so-called "Toronto Blessing" is well known for the controversy around the many reports of very strange manifestations. Among them, animal-like behaviors, such as walking or barking like ...
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When was the “Evangelist” title first applied to the Gospel authors?

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are known as the "Four Evangelists" because they are believed to have written the four canonical Gospels. The word "evangelist" means a messenger of ...
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What were the views of the Church Fathers on Jews and Judaism during the Patristic Era?

I am currently learning about the holocaust in History class right now. It was mentioned that during the Middle Ages, some Christians were anti-semitic. I wondered how the Early Church (Pre-Schism) ...
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How do seventh day Sabbatarians explain the lack of Sabbath observing following Spirit led revivals?

Thinking a lot about the controversial matter of whether Christians should keep the Sabbath in a strict literal sense (from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday), after looking at the problem from ...
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Is there any historical evidence of Sabbath keeping by Gentiles during the first centuries of Christianity?

Did Gentiles use to keep the Sabbath (sunset Friday to sunset Saturday) during the first centuries of Christianity? How widespread was the practice in comparison with Sunday meetings? What does the ...
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St. Albans Psalter - history of manuscripts used to translate the Psalms

Recently I had cause to do research into the St. Albans Psalter. My task was to ascertain if the Latin translation of the Psalms was biblical and to establish which manuscripts formed the basis for ...
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What are the oldest records of “gold teeth” miracles in Church History?

Claims of unexpected and spontaneous fillings or full restorations of teeth with gold are not unheard of in many faith healing services and other religious gatherings. For example, in a video recorded ...
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How did Luther have access to the Masoretic Text?

I understand that Luther and others translated the Old Testament into German from the Hebrew Text. How was the Hebrew text accessible/available to them in the 16th century?
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What are the reasons to justify the use of ”Shekinah” in Christianity?

Shekinah [It is not the hebrew word shâkhan (to dwell), but a proper name] is described as “The presence of God”, but also as “the female aspect of God”. But in the Targum, Talmud and Midrash she (...
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Why did ancient catechumens delay baptism as long as possible?

The Wikipedia articles on affusion and catechesis contain the following (unsourced) claims: The most common use [of affusion], however, was for ill or dying people who could not rise from their beds. ...
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Why did the 'storm' not remove the Unitarian from the Revision Committee that produced the 1881 Revised Version?

Prior to Westcott and Hort influencing the Revision Committee which produced the 1881 Revised Version (the supposed 'revision' of the Authorised Version which, in fact, replaced the Received Text with ...
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Is there a book that details what the popes said against reformation leaders?

Can anyone recommend a book that have all the declarations, laws, statements, etc of popes during the times of reformers like Tyndale, Luther, etc.?
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Who first came up with the “four attributes of Scripture”?

There's a lot written about the "four attributes of Scripture", meaning it's "Sufficient, Necessary, Authoritative and Perspicuous". On the other hand, most sources (like this one) ...
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What bible translation did the Unitarians use in 19th century America?

I have been recently reading a lot of Emerson and through this reading I came to know something about William Ellery Channing (the Elder), who was the main voice of American Unitarianism in the 19th ...

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