Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

6
votes
1answer
162 views

Was Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora due to their love for each other?

The documentary series This Changed Everything: 500 Years of the Reformation includes a section in episode 1 about Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora. Dr. Frank James (President and ...
7
votes
1answer
463 views

Do any of the seven ecumenical councils condemn slavery?

Did any of the seven ecumenical councils respected both by Catholic and Orthodox Christians pronounce against slavery or allow slavery?
6
votes
1answer
114 views

When was infant baptism rejected in the development of Pentecostalism?

Pentecostalism arose out of the Holiness movement, a movement which itself arose out of Wesleyanism/Methodism. But while Wesleyans and Methodists are generally infant baptists, most Pentecostals are ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

When was the tripartite (body, soul, and spirit) view of man officially rejected by a church council?

The trichotomy of man (or his trichotomous or tripartite nature) is the belief that man was created with three "parts" – body, soul, and spirit. This is a popular viewpoint among many Christians, but ...
6
votes
1answer
67 views

How did Oneness Pentecostalism spread and grow during the 20th century?

Oneness Pentecostalism is a movement within the broader Pentecostal movement which rejects the Trinity and is essentially a revival of Modalism. Oneness Pentecostalism arose shortly after ...
-2
votes
1answer
80 views

When and from whom is the source that for Christians, God dwells in buildings you go to, rather than in believers?

The question of when Christians started attending church at a building rather than their homes led to a few answers and comments. One got me to thinking and asking this question. When did the ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Origin of Saint Patrick

Does anyone have a historical reference that Saint Patrick actually kept the seventh day Sabbath and was not a Roman Catholic?
5
votes
2answers
138 views

Was there a non-Augustinian response to universalism in the early Church?

Most are aware of Augustine's abandonment of his universalism and his later adoption of eternal conscious torment in literal fire. His rejection of universalism is ultimately founded upon a ...
-9
votes
1answer
130 views

Why does the Catholic Church hold Mary's virginity and the absence of brothers against the historians?

Jesus does not have a brother in the catholic tradition, his mother Mary is a perpetual virgin, which can hardly be compatible with having several children. Yet in his epistle to the Galatians (1, 19)...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

To what extent did the Chinese government force Catholic priests to marry?

In his book The Souls of China, Ian Johnson writes about a type of religious persecution that was inflicted on some groups in China during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76): Across the country, ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Was Martin Luther known to have read the First Epistle of Clement?

The First Epistle of Clement is an early Christian document that was commonly circulated in the early church before being rejected as part of the New Testament canon. There is a passage in it that ...
-2
votes
1answer
42 views

Is the dignity of man pertains to his soul only or to the wholeness of his being meaning body & soul?

The Teaching of Tradition that support the Council of Trent interpretation on death penalty cited the reflections or teaching of St.Thomas Aquinas and St.Augustine; "They will never be beasts, but ...
-1
votes
2answers
187 views

Is the Latin Mass, when celebrated not in Full Communion with Rome, not pleasing & acceptable to God?

For brevity, I would clarify my question as relating to the Traditionalist groups who are in full opposition to Pope Francis and to the teachings of Vatican II but would still consider themselves as ...
1
vote
4answers
360 views

Has anyone in history suffered God’s visible wrath by uttering disrespect & attack on the dignity of the Vicar of Christ?

We know from Apostle’s times that Jesus claimed that an attack or persecution to the Church member’s is a direct attack on Himself what more to a Vicar of Christ. The Road to Damascus "As Saul ...
8
votes
3answers
222 views

Did Arianism survive as Islam?

St. John of Damascus (676 - 749) writes on his Critique of Islam: From that time to the present a false prophet named Mohammed has appeared in their midst. This man, after having chanced upon the ...
7
votes
2answers
96 views

What is the current and historical viewpoint on universal salvation as a doctrine in the Catholic Church?

What is the current and historical viewpoint on universal salvation as a doctrine in the Catholic Church? Is there any defence or reference to this doctrine in any of the current catechisms? And ...
11
votes
2answers
234 views

What is the Catholic Church's historical position on capital punishment: how did we get here?

It's big news in the internet today. Pope Francis declares death penalty unacceptable in all cases. The Pope made specific changes to the catechism reflecting this. From the New York Times: ...
6
votes
0answers
55 views

What is the origin of the idea that Miriam, sister of Moses, was a virgin?

Church father Chromatius, writing around the turn of the 4th century, appeals to an interesting OT example to defend the perpetual virginity of Mary: Remember that Miriam the prophetess of the Old ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Were any of the Apostolic Fathers Jews?

A simple question; I am reading the Apostolic Fathers and have noticed how they frequently refer to themselves as 'Gods Chosen' and speak of the Old Testament prophets as 'Our Forefathers'. This ...
0
votes
3answers
136 views

What is the difference between Jesus “resurrected body” and Mary's “glorified body”?

Jesus is Ascended into Heaven with a "resurrected body". Mary was Assumed into Heaven with a "glorified body? Revelation 21:27 "Nothing defiled shall enter the Kingdom..." I put a question ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

What is the meaning of “Advocata Nostra” according to Catholic Tradition & Teaching?

The famous hymn "Salve Regina" in Latin contains the words "Advocata Nostra" and it is recited at the end of the Holy Rosary. What is the meaning of that phrase "Advocata Nostra" according to Church ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

Who are the “extreme Anabaptists” who believed that regeneration makes people incapable of sin?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I noticed an interesting tidbit about the beliefs of "extreme Anabaptists" on regeneration. He argues: [Regeneration is not] a complete or ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

What are the important gifts and graces given to Mary to become Mother of the Church?

Catholic Church Tradition already embraced the view of Mary's role as Mother of the Church. It says Saint Augustine and Pope Saint Leo the Great both reflected on the Virgin Mary’s importance in the ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Is there a sound doctrine or biblical explanation why Satan is called “the ape of God”?

I encountered this word in the book entitled "The Devil", I forgot the name of the author. it said Tertullian called Satan the "ape of God" but offer very little explanation. We know from the bible ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

Nature of the Church in 1st Corinthians

In 1 Corinthians 1:10-12 - (“10 I appeal to you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be united in the same ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Which prophecies does Justin Martyr claim predict Jesus' Advent? Please identify them

In his First Apology Justin Martyr writes: We find it also predicted that certain persons should be sent by Him into every nation to publish these things, and that rather among the Gentiles [than ...
0
votes
2answers
214 views

How could Queen Victoria of England marry her first cousin?

How could Queen Victoria of England marry her first cousin? Isn't it forbidden by the church to marry one's first cousin?
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Early Church Persecution

Was it Jewish or Gentile Christians fed to lions and tigers, and did that influence the contention that developed between Jewish and Gentile Christians?
4
votes
2answers
192 views

Did the Catholic Church proscribe private ownership and reading of scripture?

I have heard that the Catholic Church did not permit private ownership of scripture nor any attempts to read and understand it so that the only copies were the ones possessed by the Church and the ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?

Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Priestly hiring competitions in the Catholic Church in Mexico

In the Archives of the Archbishopric of Durango there are a number of documents about concursos de curatos, or priestly concourses, which were used for hiring into vacant parishes and cathedral ...
5
votes
1answer
143 views

Has the term “born again” always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church?

Has the term "born again" always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church? St. Irenaeus (202) wrote the following in 185, which many claim it refers to infant baptism: ...
2
votes
2answers
408 views

How did Pope Urban II justify the first Crusade?

According to the ten commandments, you shall not kill anyone. How did Pope Urban II justify from a theological standpoint the First Crusade? Since it was successful, Pope Urban II must have had to ...
3
votes
4answers
244 views

How do Catholics respond to the claims that the cross has pagan origins?

According to An Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words (London, 1962), W. E. Vine, p. 256. : The shape of the [two-beamed cross] had its origin in ancient Chaldea, and was used as the symbol ...
6
votes
1answer
81 views

What is the earliest surviving reference to the Paschal Greeting?

It's common in some traditions to greet one another with a "Paschal Greeting" on Easter, such as "Christ is risen," with the response "He is risen indeed." The custom seems to have originated in the ...
6
votes
2answers
85 views

How easy was it to get a Bible (Old Testament or both Testaments) in the Eastern Roman Empire during the early reign of Justinian?

My question spawns from a book I am thinking about writing. It is the story of how a young man (teenager) living in a tribe of nomads trading along the Silk Road. He becomes a Christian and ransoms ...
0
votes
2answers
106 views

Did the myth of the holy grail originate from Catholism?

Or its practices? Catholic church sanctioned holy wars suggest they didn't think the Holy Grail a myth back then. The question is about its' origins, source.
-1
votes
1answer
80 views

Following the Doctrine in Council of Trent, does God gave a soul to human at conception deprived of sanctifying grace?

The Catholic Church teaches, as St. Thomas Aquinas explained, that God intended our first parents to give their descendants the blessings of original justice. When they lost the gifts, however, they ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Ancient Western Christianity & Indian Christians

India is well outside the bounds of Roman influence, but there is evidence of Christianity in India very early. After the faith reached India, how much contact was there with Christianity in the ...
0
votes
1answer
246 views

“The Devil hates Latin,” is this true? [closed]

What I'm looking for? Is there any biblical references to support this, or have any traditions put a truth in this assertions... perhaps personal encounters or testimonies may support this and ...
3
votes
2answers
890 views

Why do many old churches face east?

Many of the old churches including Anglican, Catholic and Orthodox ones face east. My question is: Was the tradition of construction of churches facing east, a product of certain beliefs, or was it ...
9
votes
2answers
103 views

What was the earliest reference to the 3 States of the Church?

The Churches Militant, Penitent and Triumphant are used quite regularly not only in The Catholic Church but also in some Protestant denominations. The Catechism has a reference to the three states of ...
0
votes
3answers
111 views

When did tradition become first used as Tradition?

When did the idea that tradition (pious, informed, well-meaning) is actually Tradition (divine, sacred, God-breathed) first become used and defined in the Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox traditions?...
5
votes
2answers
192 views

Why does Methodism exist?

Methodism was born out of the revivals of John Wesley and George Whitfield who were both Anglicans in America. Whether or not they maintained a relationship with the Church of England, it seems like ...
6
votes
2answers
89 views

In Roman Catholicism, how far back in history does the process (Sacrament) of Confirmation go?

Does the Sacrament of Confirmation go back to the early Church? Also, has it always occurred around the age 14 (except in situations where it would occur later, such as conversions)?
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Perseverance of the Saints – Historical Interpretations before Calvin

When I read the writings of early Christians I am constantly seeing references to persevering to the end and absolutely nothing resembling this teaching. It is almost as if everything taught prior to ...
4
votes
0answers
39 views

What was the socioeconomic makeup of early Christian Gnostic sects?

There is ample evidence that early Christianity was socioeconomically very inclusive, being made up of the poor, the wealthy, men, women, the educated, uneducated, etc. For example, Pliny the ...
2
votes
3answers
228 views

Catholic Church and the Critique of Pagan Worship? [closed]

There has and still is a major Critique of The Catholic Church when it comes to doctrine around the Pope and the leadership structure and also what is seen as the worship of Mary, you may also add the ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Did the church use stories like the Holy Grail to attract pagans?

Sorry if this has been asked before, but I am avid watcher of the History Channel series on the Templar Knights. In one episode, the character playing the Pope announces that stories like the Holy ...
4
votes
3answers
341 views

What did early Christians say about apostolic succession?

Did early Christian writers teach apostolic succession or reject it? How do their teachings on this topic compare with contemporary and significant historical understandings of apostolic succession?