Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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1answer
96 views

How common have reports of paranormal activity and ghost or spirit apparitions been among Christians throughout history?

My question is inspired by the gospels of Matthew and Luke. Concretely, by Matthew 14:26-27 and Luke 24:36-39: 26 When the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were terrified, and said, “It is ...
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Why was "lay investiture" condemned?

What was the Investiture Controversy and lay investiture, and why exactly was it condemned? Fr. Hardon, S.J., defines "lay investiture": The act by which a sovereign, in the Middle Ages, ...
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Unique Catholic Blessings of local Churches?

Unique Catholic Blessings of local Churches? Just as I asked this question concerning Catholic feasts of local Churches, I would like to know if some readers here know of any local blessings attached ...
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1588 Welsh Bible - which Hebrew and Greek sources?

I stumbled upon this while watching a history documentary https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y_Beibl_cyssegr-lan It mentions the use of Hebrew and Greek source text for the translation. However it doesn't ...
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Reference request about Catholic mitres within the Latin Rite?

Reference request about Catholic mitres within the Latin Rite? I desire to try my hand at making a mitre that is no longer in style within the Roman Rite. I am fixed on this one from the Catholic ...
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What is Penance and what has been its traditional role in the Catholic Church?

Penance is a confusing term to me. It seems to be tied to confession and temporal sin but I don't fully understand it. What is Penance and how has it been understood by the Catholic Church? Oh also ...
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Why doesn't hallucination, common burial, legend, and gullibility explain the rise of Christianity (rather than the Resurrection)? How is this wrong?

What scholarship refutes the following view of history? How do we know this alternative to the Gospel is incorrect? Jesus is executed by the Roman empire after preaching a loving humanism based on ...
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Has any reputable Christian claimed to have been physically visited by Jesus Christ Himself after Paul's conversion?

According to Acts chapter 9, Paul was visited by the risen Christ -- the well-known "Road to Damascus" encounter. Has any other Christian, of good repute, claimed to have experienced a ...
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What is the history of 'The United Church of God'?

The Wikipedia article regarding The United Church of God only gives contemporary information as does the official website of the denomination. I note that the denomination does not believe in the ...
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What is the earliest example of the concept of Total Depravity?

Total Depravity is the Calvinist doctrine that human nature is thoroughly corrupt and sinful as a result of the Fall. Thus we can only do good works through God's grace. What is the earliest document ...
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58 views

What is the earliest example of the observance of a Pope in Rome?

The Pope in Rome has (arguably) succession all the way back to Peter. I am wondering what the earliest acknowledgment of some kind of pastoral power over the church in Rome, whether it be in letter or ...
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What is first time infant baptism was established and commissioned according to catholic church? What does church history say about this?

What is first time infant baptism was established and commissioned according to Catholic Church? What does church history says about this? What was reason for infant baptism being established instead ...
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Why was Theodosius successful in ending the Arian Controversy?

In the conventional account of the Arian controversy, the council of Constantinople in the year 381 made an end of that controversy. In reality, the controversy was brought to an end by Emperor ...
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Was there ever a period in Nascent Christianity before formalized ritual or dogma?

The title is pretty explicit. But further, if so, is there any reliable documentation of who the adherents were and how they comported themselves?
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What does the historical evidence tell us about the pneumatological beliefs of the early Church during the first two centuries of Christianity?

What did the early Christians believe about the Holy Spirit in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD? What does the historical evidence tell us? Did most Christians believe that the Holy Spirit was a Person? ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT denial of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

Essentially the opposite of this question: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous denial of the personhood of the Holy Spirit? When was it claimed for the first ...
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Have there been cases in church history of revival occurring in times of prosperity and general peace?

In looking at historical cases of revival it seems like most seem to occur right in the midst of some disaster or general societal upheaval. Of course, the occasion for revival taking place shouldn't ...
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Are there any denominations that are or have been both continuationist and non-Trinitarian?

Are there any denominations currently or throughout the history of Christianity that are or have been both continuationist and non-Trinitarian?
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1answer
53 views

Were the Dictatus Papae considered to be spoken "ex cathedra"?

In 1075, Pope Gregory the Seventh decreed the Dictatus Papae, also called the Papal Dictats. One part of the document makes the claim that: The Roman Church has never erred. Nor will it err, to all ...
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61 views

John the Disciple and John the Elder

Eusebius of Cesarea writes (Church History, Book 3, Chapter 39) In these words, it is noteworthy that Papias lists the name John twice. The first time he includes John with Peter, James, Matthew and ...
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Was the date of Christmas just derived from Saturnalia and other winter pagan festivals? [duplicate]

This picture and the answer at Why is Christmas on December 25th? seems to explain the biblical basis of the date. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D11jAEKgB2o, the topmost answers however on https://...
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What Pagan elements were adopted in christianity?

I have commonly come across the belief that "newer" religions integrate existing customs and traditions into their own. So what traditions and customs in Christianity can be traced back (...
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Was Chrysostom mistaken about the cessation of charismatic gifts in the late 4th century?

John Chrysostom (AD 347-407), while commenting on 2 Thessalonians 2:7, writes about how some in his day thought the prevalence of the full range of charismatic gifts functioned to restrain the coming ...
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Cyprian of Carthage manuscript and authentication help

Do we have dated manuscripts and authentication that Cyprian of Carthage wrote de ecclesiae catholicae unitate? I've been looking around the internet and can't find any authentication, aside from it ...
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How widespread was Marian devotion during the first two centuries of Christianity?

Was Marian devotion commonplace among early Christians during the first centuries of Christianity? What about the first century AD? What about the second century AD? There are a few related questions, ...
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In Catharism, did they use as a guide any books of the Bible and if so, which?

Cathars are known for having been a community which did not believe good things about the Old Testament deity and were based in the Languedoc region of today's southern France around the 12th century. ...
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The ark of Covenant

When the children of Israel walked with Moses in the wilderness they had an ark that contained the rod, pot of manna, and the tablets. When they got to Canaan those things were no longer working. My ...
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Besides Paul, have there been any other Christians who had both a scholarly background and overtly supernatural experiences?

Not much to add to the title. Have there been any Christians with a scholarly background who had an overtly supernatural conversion or supernatural experiences after their conversion? The apostle Paul ...
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1answer
110 views

Did Christians actually debate how many angels can dance on the head of a pin?

I've heard references to debates about how many angels can dance on the head of a pin, and it's always been presented as a pointless exercise. If such debates have actually occurred, presumably the ...
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Why are most churches nonprofit organizations?

I'm struggling to properly define the reason for a church to be nonprofit organization. Some spiritual leaders run profitable businesses. There are potentially multiple reasons. Can someone clarify ...
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Are there any accounts of former Pagans being supernaturally reached by God (or an angel) with the Gospel before any human missionary arrived?

Continuing with a series of questions on the eternal fate of the unreached (see here, here, here and here), I would like to ask a question now about the possibility of God Himself reaching unconverted ...
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Are there any sources other than Acts 2 reporting Xenoglossy during the first centuries of Christianity?

Xenoglossy, the ability to suddenly speak a language one has never learned or studied, is reported to have taken place at Pentecost in Acts chapter 2. Are there any other independent sources that ...
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109 views

When was it claimed for the first time in Church history that the offices of apostle and prophet have ceased?

First, some context ... Ephesians 2:19-22 (ESV): 19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, 20 built on the ...
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Has anyone claimed to have had a "Damascus Road" calling to ministry, which later received trust and ministerial support from fellow Christians?

Has anyone claimed to have been called by God to ministry (e.g. to serve as a missionary, pastor, evangelist, prophet, apostle, etc.) through some dramatic "Road to Damascus" encounter (like ...
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1answer
124 views

What is the implication of "munus"?

In the Declaratio, Pope Emeritus Benedictus XVI renounced the exercise of the munus, but not the munus itself. So what is the munus and what are the implications of the renunciation of the exercise ...
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Did identifying various things as the Mark of the Beast only start in late 1900s?

The earliest example that I could easily find of something being identified as the Mark of the Beast is the barcode in the 1970s, and since then numerous other candidates have appeared. Is this ...
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140 views

What are historical examples of (alleged) miracles that were attested to by two or more (self-proclaimed) eyewitnesses?

The resurrection of Jesus is the most famous and obvious one, with the apostles being the eyewitnesses. Latter-day Saints would probably put forth the 3 & 8 witnesses to the miraculous golden ...
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107 views

Are there any extra-biblical documented instances of the gift of interpretation of tongues in the history of the Church?

The gift of interpretation of tongues is mentioned in chapters 12 and 14 of the apostle Paul's first Epistle to the Corinthians: 10 to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another ...
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124 views

When was it claimed for the first time that Christians could "pray in tongues" in private for self-edification?

Very simple question: in the history of Christianity, when was it claimed for the first time (outside of the Bible, to avoid exegetical controversies, please) that the gift of tongues could be used in ...
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Is there any historical evidence that the supernatural gifts of the Spirit were still in operation after the apostolic age?

Once the apostolic age finished with the death of the apostles, is there any evidence that the supernatural gifts of the Spirit (e.g., tongues, prophecy, words of knowledge, healing, miracles, etc.) ...
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Which Christian groups/denominations in the history of the Church have encouraged their members to earnestly desire the gift of prophecy?

I'm interested in learning more about the relevance that the spiritual gifts have had for Christians over the course of history, with special emphasis on the gift of prophecy. For the apostle Paul, ...
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225 views

Have a message in tongues and its interpretation ever been verified by an outsider fluent in both languages?

Let's say someone speaks a message in tongues (in language X) to a whole congregation at a church service, and then someone else stands up and speaks the interpretation (in language Y, understood by ...
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What is the Catholic view of the Book of Enoch?

While doing research for an assignment into the history of the Book of Enoch, I was able to get a Protestant view from this source: https://www.gotquestions.org/book-of-Enoch.html The article says ...
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Has the phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" ever taken place spontaneously and unexpectedly outside of Pentecostal and charismatic circles?

The phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" was recently brought to my attention by a couple of very recent uploads. Here are a few additional examples if you want to see more (warning -- ...
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What is the oldest recorded commentary on 1 Corinthians 12?

What is the oldest recorded commentary on the 12th chapter of Paul's first epistle to the Corinthians? Plenty of people have written commentaries on this chapter, many times biased by their own ...
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Did any of the early church fathers believe they had to follow dietary laws?

I have been asked if any of the early church fathers believed they had to follow dietary laws. Specifically, the person asking wants to know the views of influential early Christians such as Clement ...
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180 views

Why did St. Augustine and St. Thomas endorse ensoulment at 40 or 80 days?

I know the story that they lacked our current biological knowledge. I know the story that they still considered abortion to be a grave evil. These two excuses seem inadequate to me. Regardless, they ...
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169 views

Did James brother of Jesus, believe that Jesus is God? if so, why were some Jews in the city offended by his death according to Josephus?

According to Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jew: AND now Caesar, upon hearing the death of Festus, sent Albinus into Judea, as procurator. But the king deprived Joseph of the high priesthood, ...
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Is there a theological basis for climate change skepticism among evangelicals?

In my experience there seems to be a strong correlation between right wing evangelical Christians and climate change skepticism which intrigues me. I've never been able to see where this link comes ...
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Does the Catholic church support its participation in genocide? [closed]

In Canada, the residential school system - run by the Catholic church took children from their families and indoctrinated them in Catholic ideology. They abused and buried children in unmarked graves, ...

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