Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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2
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1answer
64 views

2 cities called Caesarea?

This may be in the wrong forum but I’ll try. I google searched this at length yesterday but my search terms must be lacking something as the mystery got worse not better. We’re there more than one ...
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2answers
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Did 17th century Reformed Christians reject textual criticism?

The Westminster Confession says the following: WCF 1.8: The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old), and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of ...
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3answers
143 views

Who assigned the gospel authors originally?

According to the theory of the originally anonymous gospels, the titles of the most ancient surviving manuscripts were added later on. I would like to know: For each gospel, how many different, ...
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2answers
70 views

What does it mean that the Believers Eastern Church (in Asia) is an “Ancient-Future Church”?

Recently I was asked a question about the Believers Eastern Church and have been doing some research to find out what they believe. Here is part of what I discovered: The founder and current ...
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2answers
78 views

How is the idea of the ritual purity implemented in the Catholic Church?

How is the idea of the ritual purity implemented in the Catholic Church? We know that in the Old Testament priests needed to be ritually pure in order to perform rituals. How is this idea implemented ...
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1answer
22 views

The celebrant’s position and proximity to the participants

We know that the apostles were present in a face to face relation to Jesus at the Lord's Supper. When did the celebrants of the later Eucharist turn their backs on the participants, and why? Also ...
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2answers
97 views

In 1820 how were the Canons of Durango installed?

I am trying to figure out the date when Agustín Fernández became canon priest of Durango, Mexico. I know these steps were taken: Some time in 1820, the bishop and cathedral chapter chose him as canon,...
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7answers
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What have Christians taught during past plagues and pandemics?

Christians have lived through many major plagues, epidemics, and pandemics over the past two thousand years. Some of the most severe pandemics were the Plague of Justinian and the Black Death, both of ...
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3answers
118 views

What did Catholics do to ease the time and maintain hope during historical pestilences such as the Black Plague?

What did Catholics (and other Christians, if applicable) do to ease the time of historical pestilences such as the Black Plague (1347 to 1351), especially in quarantine areas? I can imagine that ...
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1answer
49 views

Did the Gospel Standard Baptists and the (original) Plymouth Brethren comment on unity between themselves?

It seems to me a great shame that the Gospel Standard Baptists, in the days of such as J C Philpot, during the mid 19th century, did not have some kind of unity with the early movement of the Plymouth ...
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0answers
75 views

Whence did 'with the Holy Spirit' get added to the prayer “One is Holy, One is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Amen”?

In Western Christian worship, there is a part where the faithful say "One is Holy, One is Lord, Jesus Christ, (together) with the Holy Spirit, to the glory of God the Father. Amen." In Eastern ...
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2answers
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What innovations in ethics occurred within Christendom during the 9th Century?

I am looking for any noteworthy developments, formulations, or codifications of ethics that occurred between 770 and 890 AD in any country or empire that was nominally Christian. If the answer relates ...
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1answer
112 views

Were the debates between Gnostics and orthodox Christians recorded and preserved?

Gnosticism was an early Christian sect that taught mysticism, rejected Jewish scriptures, such as the Hebrew Bible, and felt that Jesus' teachings, crucifixion, and resurrection were mere appearances. ...
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1answer
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Where can I find the text of “Prayer” by Father Faber?

I'm reading a book from the 1920's that mentions Father Faber's book "Prayer" as a good reference on the two main forms of contemplation in the 15th century. It claims that "Prayer" was then ...
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2answers
103 views

Why did Eusebius quote this passage?

So this is a quick question. We all know Eusebius quoted Testimonium Flavianum in his Church History. About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man. For he ...
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29 views

Books on Patristics

What book(s) do you recommend on church history with emphasis on the church fathers? Would prefer something which is not biassed toward a given denomination or church, but an objective overview of the ...
5
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1answer
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Why did Jesuits and Franciscans disagree about indigenous labor in their missions?

Alejandro Murguía in "The Medicine of Memory" wrote that Jesuit missions in New Spain were averse to controlling native labor. When Franciscans and Dominicans took over after the expulsion of the ...
2
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1answer
114 views

When did the term “evangelical” first start being used?

The term "evangelical" is used to describe a particular set of Christian beliefs, and is generally considered orthogonal to denominations - you could get, for example, evangelical Anglicans and non-...
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1answer
38 views

Did Rome prefer that Catholic clergy not work for national governments?

What has been the Catholic Church's position about its clergy taking jobs serving national governments? I have two examples, from the History question "Which Catholic priests were given diplomatic ...
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4answers
208 views

Why are we Christians if Jesus was Jew?

I know for you may be a dummy question but I've never understood why are we Christians if Jesus, the God's son, was of Jewish descent?
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1answer
128 views

Was the Trinity looked upon by John of Damascus and Gregory of Nyssa as a combination of Jewish monotheism and pagan polytheism?

John of Damascus says "of the Greek we have the distinction of hypostases.". That is adding Greek doctrine to "Christianity." When John says "we have" something "from" the Greeks he is speaking of ...
3
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1answer
110 views

Did the authors of the Westminster Confession of Faith ever explain why they thought God could not be the author of sin?

Ch3 of the W.C.of F. says "neither is God the author of sin". One can make something which is entirely different from oneself. e.g. if someone makes a cake they do not become a cake themselves. ...
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9answers
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Can somebody summarize the different “branches” of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

All my life, I've been massively confused about how there exists separate, seemingly incompatible and separate, "branches" of Christianity. I know about "protestant", "catholic" and then there's ...
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4answers
541 views

Did the invention of the printing press change Christianity?

Before 1440 and the invention of the printing press, most Christians would not have had their own personal bible. So I would assume the only place they would see one would be in a church read by a ...
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1answer
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Which heresy did Spurgeon accuse Pusey of?

I have been asked to explain what Charles Spurgeon meant when he said "Puseyism" was heretical. Apparently, Charles Spurgeon brought this up in his sermons. I have done some initial research and ...
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1answer
45 views

Who oversaw the 9th, 10th, and 11th sessions of the Council of Trent?

From the wiki page on the Council of Trent, we have: Pope Paul III, who convoked the Council, oversaw the first eight sessions (1545–47), while the twelfth to sixteenth sessions (1551–52) were ...
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6answers
302 views

Who were the main Protestant precursors?

While Martin Luther is the origin of a particular protestant-reformist movement named Lutheran and of its derivative churches, it's unclear to me whether he should be considered responsible to the ...
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2answers
315 views

Did Jesus reject the apocrypha?

In this video, John Barnett says "Jesus rejected the apocrypha" at 2:06:46. He goes into detail to discuss how Jesus accepted particular writers but rejected others. Are there any scriptural ...
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1answer
72 views

Was there a time when bishops were not appointed to other sees and did not generally ever relocate?

Today it is common for bishops to relocate to another (probably more prestigious) episcopal see. For example Rainer Wölki was first titular Bishop of Scampa, then Archbishop of Berlin and is now ...
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1answer
145 views

Was Eastern-Orthodox liturgical music influenced by Islam?

If you ever went to an Eastern-Orthodox service, well... their music sounds like Islam to me. It's very different from Western Christian music that is typically accompanied by an organ (even known ...
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3answers
1k views

Was Constantine The Great a Nicene Christian?

Lately I've been trying to figure out whether or not Constantine is a Nicene Christian. He was baptised by Eusebius who was of course an Arian. And since he was very close to Eusebius, he was ...
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4answers
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Were any of the early church leaders Gentile converts to Christianity?

By early, I mean the second half of the first century to the end of the second century. I know, for example, that Paul and Barnabus were ethnic Jews. The Apostle Paul mentions various Christians, ...
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2answers
129 views

Biblical or Historical Devil Worshipper?

I am writing a novel happening in 1346. In it, a satanist sect worships some relics of a person that embodies evil (a biblical or historical devil worshipper). In the novel, the chuch will unroot and ...
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3answers
165 views

What did the original Christian writings look like during the 1st century CE?

It is said (from what I've read), from a few Google searches related to "when was the new testament first written", that the New Testament was written down somewhere between 30CE and 150CE, rough ...
6
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1answer
150 views

What is the meaning of the stained glass above the altar at Votivkirche in Wien with the Portuguese Quinas on it?

I would like to know more information on a glass painting I found in the church Votivkirche in Wien (Vienna, Austria). Above the person with the shield there is the symbol of the Portuguese Quinas. ...
7
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1answer
182 views

Origins of the historical shift towards Believers baptism in the Protestant movement?

Much of modern protestantism believes that only believers should be baptized, as believing adults (or at least consenting young people). The primary example being obviously Baptists. This is a ...
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1answer
116 views

Mary as the Queen of heaven

The Pope Pius XII in the encyclical AD CAELI REGINAM recognizes Mary as the "queen of heaven", although historically she was already known that way. If the Pope knows the Bible, why not distance ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Was 30 the canonical age for Catholic priesthood in the 1700s?

I understand that the current canonical age for Catholic ordination is 25 years. Was the minimum previously 30 years? The documentation of a priest's ordination in 1775 shows that the diocese spent ...
6
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1answer
263 views

Why is the Ichthys symbol almost always facing left?

This question is very straight forward: is there any reason for the Ichthys symbol to be almost always facing left? A simple google search will show this pattern. Is there any theology or even ...
6
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3answers
272 views

How do Trinitarians explain the Athanasian Creed saying that the “one God” is the Trinity rather than the Father as in the Nicene Creed?

In Scripture and the early Creeds, "one God" is used primarily to refer to God the Father: 1 Cor 8:6 (NIV): yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we ...
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1answer
155 views

If the Geneva Bible was the Bible of the English reformation, then why did the KJV become so widely used?

If the Geneva Bible was the bible of the reformation, Why is the KJV used more widely than the Geneva Bible? And (if applicable) what would be the main differences between the two bibles (in terms of ...
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3answers
345 views

Is there any evidence that people of Jewish descent came to the Americas before the birth of Christ Jesus

While doing research into a question about the Aztec and Mayan peoples I found an article from the official web site of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints which suggests that Jesus ...
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2answers
5k views

What does “see” in “the Holy See” mean?

The seat of the Bishop of Rome is called "the Holy See". What does "see" mean? Does it mean “Holy Sea”, as the word “see” could be an archaic spelling of the word “sea”. It would make sense, because ...
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0answers
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Did J. Gresham Machen consider joining an existing presbyterian body before founding the OPC?

J. Gresham Machen is best known for his battle against theological liberalism in the northern Presbyterian church in the US (the PCUSA), first founding a seminary (in 1929) and then an independent ...
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2answers
114 views

What was the impetus for restoring the Consecration of a Virgin in the 20th Century?

The United States Association of Consecrated Virgins says the following about their sacramental: The Consecration of a Virgin is one of the oldest sacramentals in the Church, and one of the fruits ...
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4answers
209 views

Were the early Christians known by any other name?

We see in Acts 11:24-26 (NRSVCE): "For he was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith. And a great many people were brought to the Lord. Then Barnabas went to Tarsus to look for Saul, and ...
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1answer
70 views

Does the text of the 13th Century Vita of St. Dymphna still exist today?

The 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia says the following about St. Dymphna: The earliest historical account of the veneration of St. Dymphna dates from the middle of the thirteenth century. Under Bishop ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the earliest use of the phrase “the Lord's law of health” in reference to the LDS Word of Wisdom?

Background The modern Church uses the phrase "the Lord's law of health" to describe the Word of Wisdom. For example, Chapter 29 of Gospel Principles is called "The Lord's Law of Health." However, ...
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1answer
160 views

History of the doctrine of religious vocation in Catholic Church

I am reading Aquinas and I am puzzled by his view on religious vocation and common view in the Church today (I will for sake of simplicity call it a modern view) about religious vocation. In On the ...
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2answers
334 views

How was the church structured during the time of 300 AD - 500 AD?

I know in 1054 AD, the Catholic & Orthodox churches had split - creating the great schism, but I'm curious to learn about the earlier history of the church. Are there any historical sources which ...

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