Questions tagged [apologetics]

Defenses of religious positions using reason. This tag should only be used with respect to disagreements with religions other than Christianity.

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2answers
100 views

Is thinking of God as a Loving Father specific to Christianity?

I was looking to respond to someone who sent me a Christopher Hitchens video saying that nothing would be different if Jesus never existed and I was thinking of all the ways this is dead wrong. One ...
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2answers
162 views

What formal methods and criteria could be used to evaluate the message of the bible? [closed]

My agnostic friend has asked for "formal evidence" of the Bible. How can one scientifically evaluate statements written over 2,000 years ago? Besides the historical evaluation of events, how to ...
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10answers
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Resurrection and Deuteronomy 13

It seems that Christian apologetics very much rests on the historical veracity of the resurrection. That is, if we can verify the resurrection, than we have an objective rationale to believe in the ...
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5answers
669 views

Christian apologetics regarding the killing of innocent children during the Genesis flood [closed]

I'm trying to catalog the various justifications that are put forth when it is claimed that killing innocent children in the Genesis flood was some combination of immoral, cruel, or unjust. Here are ...
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1answer
155 views

Is there a concept of a theological quadrilemma with regard to the person and divinity of Jesus Christ?

One well-known trilemma considered a proof of the divinity of Jesus is most commonly known in the version by C. S. Lewis. It proceeds from the premise that Jesus claimed to be God, and that therefore ...
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1answer
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Historical Apologetic used by 7th Century Christians towards Early Muslims Regarding the Hypostatic Union and Jesus' Title “Son of God”

According to my research Jesus is called the Son of God about 40 times in the NT. When interacting with Muslims, a common objection they give against Christ's deity, and the Trinity is that the Quran ...
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4answers
255 views

How can apologists argue that if Jesus did not rise again then Christianity and the Church would not have lasted, when other religions have?

As I reflect on this Easter holiday, as a spiritually young person, I thought of the idea that's often repeated: that if the resurrection of Jesus were not true, then Christianity and the Church would ...
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1answer
121 views

El Elohe Isra’el - What does it mean?

So when Jacob names the site of his altar, he declares “El Elohe Isra’el”. I understand the most common translation of this phrase is said to be something along the lines of “God is the God of Israel”....
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3answers
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How does one reconcile belief in objective moral values with the notion of moral progress?

I've noticed that people tend to prefer moral relativism to moral absolutism because of the idea of moral progress. Moral progress is the notion that the world is on a trajectory towards a better and ...
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2answers
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What is the biblical basis for the historicity of the Bible?

That same professor who brought this question and this question is at it again. His claim is that the Bible doesn't claim to be a historical account because the thought that one can look to history as ...
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1answer
266 views

Why is Christianity fixated on ancient Israeli culture? Is such a 'spacetime-lock' evidence of falsehood?

When I studied Mohammed's religion, I thought the insistence and enforcement of 7th century Arabian culture (e.g. diet, clothing, marriage, law) on the entire planet unreasonable, and evidence it was ...
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Which prophecies does Justin Martyr claim predict Jesus' Advent? Please identify them

In his First Apology Justin Martyr writes: We find it also predicted that certain persons should be sent by Him into every nation to publish these things, and that rather among the Gentiles [than ...
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2answers
233 views

Does the Minimal Facts Argument have the potential to the biggest Christian revelation over the last thousand years? [closed]

I recently came across the "Minimal Facts Argument" by Dr Gary Habermas. In short, the argument is that there are a half dozen reliable historical facts (even for those who'd judge the NT as ...
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1answer
152 views

The Biblical God and the Kalam Cosmological Argument

The Kalam Cosmological Argument comprises of the following three premises: Whatever begins to exist must have a cause. The universe began to exist. Therefore the universe has a cause. If we assume ...
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1answer
124 views

What was Van Til's view on the use and validity of historical proofs for the resurrection?

Cornelius Van Til was the pioneer of presuppositional apologetics, and was one of the founding members of Westminster Theological Seminary. The defenses of faith that he developed sought to apply the ...
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5answers
293 views

Looking for an apologetic to the “Cosmic Child Abuse” objection

Recently during a discussion I got smacked with the "Cosmic Child Abuse" argument. I had heard of it before, but never really had to wrestle with it in real life. I discovered that I don't actually ...
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1answer
129 views

Does the cosmological argument ignore the Spirituality of God?

In studying Christianity it is inevitable that one comes to the point where the existence of God is compared to the existence of the Universe. This is loosely embraced in the Cosmological argument. ...
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1answer
184 views

How do you defend the first clause of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? [closed]

I have a question pertaining to the first premise of the Kalam Cosmological Argument (KCA). If someone says that just because everything in the universe needs a cause that doesn't mean that the ...
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1answer
86 views

Where does the thought 'we were not even fit to eat the crumbs from under your table' originate, in the Anglican communion service?

Does anyone know if there is a scripture reference for this, if not what is the thinking behind it?
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No one has seen God [duplicate]

How do Trinitarians reconcile John 1:18: No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him with Exodus 24:9-11: Then Moses went up, ...
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1answer
365 views

Did Voltaire actually say “If you want to kill Christianity, you must abolish Sunday”?

Recently I was listening to a defense of the observation of the Sabbath, and within it the speaker quoted Voltaire as saying something like: If you want to kill Christianity, you must abolish ...
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4answers
302 views

The first premise of the Kalam Cosmological Argument for the existence of God

The first premise of the KCA is stated as: Premise 1: Anything that begins to exist must have a cause. The contrapositive statement for this should read. If something is not caused to exist then ...
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3answers
348 views

Where did the claim that “the Bible we have today is unreliable because of retranslation” come from?

I've heard many people assert that the Bible we have today is unreliable because of a long chain of translation-of-a-translation. This seems false, because new translations can use ancient manuscripts ...
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1answer
285 views

How do one know that the Bible is absolutely true and is not a “make believe” fiction? [duplicate]

From the agnostic/skeptic side of view not my side because I am a Catholic: there is the possibility of the Bible fulfilled prophecies being made up in the new testament to make it match up with the ...
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In what specific ways does the content differ between the standard edition and the student edition of The Apologetics Study Bible?

My question is how to compare and contrast the contents of The Apologetics Study Bible and The Apologetics Study Bible for Students. It is clear from the title that the latter is targeted toward ...
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Why can't God cope with Iron chariots? [closed]

One of the core beliefs of Judaism and Christianity is that God is omnipotent, able to do anything that is logically possible. But surprisingly, the Bible does not consistently support this idea .....
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How do apologists defend against Bart Ehrman's arguments that Church scribes corrected and changed the Bible to fit their theology?

Bart Ehrman seems to be the atomic bomb of the Christian community, having released books like Misquoting Jesus and Jesus Interrupted, which call into question the reliability and inerrancy of the ...
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384 views

In LDS, how are 'milk' doctrines distinguished from 'meat' doctrines?

When discussing doctrine with ex-LDS acquaintances, they've mentioned the concept of "milk before meat," presumably based on these words from Joseph Smith's revelation in Doctrines & Covenants 19: ...
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4answers
770 views

How Does Catholicism Refute the Reasons Muslims Claim That Jesus Was Not Crucified?

Muslims say Jesus didn't claim to be God. My question is Twofold: 1) When a Muslim objects to the teaching that Christ was crucified, what is their given reason that anyone ever attempted to ...
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1answer
202 views

What common apologetic arguments support the view that it is more likely that Jesus was resurrected than his body was stolen?

I am curious as to why Christians think that the resurrection hypothesis is more plausible and probable than any of the many alternative explanations like the body being stolen. I look forward to ...
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4k views

Why Moses is not Sargon I?

This is not going to be a question about the Bible or God but I believe that is related with the Christianity. I believe in God, I came to my Savior several years ago but recently a friend sent me a ...
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1answer
206 views

What defence can be made for Christian anthropocentrism?

In the light of the ecological crisis, the Western appeal to Buddhist interrelatedness and Confucianism seems to be gaining favour. My question is, has Christian anthropocentrism become outdated? I ...
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1answer
854 views

Is there any Biblical reference strictly speaking about God being timeless?

I've heard a lot, mainly from apologists, the notion that God is Timeless (Little example). So, this is an assumption on the philosophical ground, but is there a theological ground for it? Any verse ...
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3answers
2k views

Have any major Christian intellectuals responded to Stephen Hawking's “The Grand Design”?

Stephen Hawking, in The Grand Design, argues that God did not create the universe. One review of the book states its aim as "to banish a divine creator from physics". The essence of the argument is: ...
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1answer
297 views

How do Catholic apologists explain the cross to a Muslim?

I'm an American Catholic currently living in India and teaching Communicative English to students of an Islamic school (ages 5 - 14). I am trying to live on the fence and keeping my faith promoted and ...
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2answers
952 views

What evidence is there that the genealogies in the early part of Genesis refer to tribes instead of individuals?

One method of interpreting the genealogies in the early parts of Genesis is as not referring to actual individuals, but rather to tribes, nations, and groups of people represented by the names of ...
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5answers
1k views

What evidence is there for the Resurrection of Jesus?

What historical evidence has been used by people who argue for truth of Jesus' Resurrection? It’s important to distinguish between the evidence and the best explanation of that evidence. This ...
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3answers
757 views

How do local flood proponents explain God's promises to never do it again?

Some Christians believe that Noah's Flood was a local event, and that the author of the Flood narrative never intended it to be understood as global in scope. My question is, how then would we explain ...
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1answer
378 views

Can other “scripture” (such as the Quran) be used as ultimate authority in presuppositional apologetics?

I've been impressed lately with the presuppositional apologetic work of Sye Ten Bruggencate and how his arguments seem to be irrefutable by those he debates. The only problem I have is that he claims ...
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2answers
375 views

Refutations of, or Thoughts on How Jesus Became God (Bart D. Ehrman)

Are there any published, written or recorded (audio or video) responses to the claims Bart D Ehrman makes in How Jesus Became God? I'm currently reading this and Misquoting Jesus as part of an ...
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2answers
238 views

Do the Adultery Pericope and Mark 16:9-20 disprove the inerrancy of the Bible? [closed]

I have encountered a few instances when Bible critics and Muslims have tried to use the Adultery Pericope (John 7:53-8:11) and the extended ending of the Gospel of Mark (Mark 16:9-20) to disprove the ...
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3answers
9k views

What should the man of God in 1 Kings 13 have done when faced with the old prophet's lie? [closed]

One of the stories in the Bible that has bothered me and many other Christians out there is the story of the old prophet and the man of God in 1 Kings 13. 1 Kings 13:16-19 (NKJV) 16 And he ...
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4answers
1k views

How is the Catholic belief in Purgatory supported?

There is already this question on this site: What is the Biblical support for Purgatory? But I believe there might be more to the Catholic argument. We know that Catholics regard the Holy Tradition ...
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2answers
161 views

Are there example writings of general refutation from Jesus' time?

There is an apologetic argument that goes like this: If the gospels were not factual, then we should expect to find other writings from the same time which refute them. We do not, therefore the ...
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1answer
231 views

What is the single best reason - specific to Christianity - that the Christian God is the real God? [closed]

Looking at history it seems clear that we are a God inventing species and obviously 99.99% of these Gods cannot be real. But let us suppose that there is indeed a Higher Being. What is the best ...
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1answer
654 views

How can we defend our faith against the “Argument from Evil” or “Problem of Evil”? [duplicate]

Of all of the arguments against the Bible from a stance of pure logic which I have ever heard, the only one which seems to be able to stand up to honest, logical scrutiny in even the smallest way is ...
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2answers
529 views

How can a Christian effectively explain the seeming contradiction between Gen 1:31 and Gen 6:6?

Gen 1:31 (KJV) And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day. Gen 6:6 (KJV) And it repented the LORD that he had ...
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2answers
1k views

What reasons do Christians have to believe there is one God? [closed]

Related to What reasons does Christianity give for "Why There Must Be A God?". In my reading on apologetics, I have come across many arguments for Theism, but next to nothing for Monotheism....
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0answers
152 views

Did God use man as a vehicle to bring about death? [closed]

Before creation there would have been no death. All of the Angels God created are eternal. When God Created everything then time was also created, but Earth and time are both temporary creations. ...
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2answers
98 views

Question regarding the nature of moral absolutes [closed]

I was having a highly spirited debate with one of my best friends about religion. He is an avowed atheist. When I brought up the subject of morality, he countered me with an interesting argument that ...