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Questions tagged [apologetics]

Defenses of religious positions using reason. This tag should only be used with respect to disagreements with religions other than Christianity.

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Were the Nazis "real" Christians? [closed]

Well, I know this question sounds a bit provoking, but I want to collect reasons to refute that Christians can be Nazis as well. I recently had a debate with someone who noted that the German ...
telion's user avatar
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4 votes
6 answers
418 views

How do Christians present the teleological argument for God's existence in an era where abiogenesis and evolution are so widely accepted?

The teleological argument is defined as follows: The teleological argument (from τέλος, telos, 'end, aim, goal'; also known as physico-theological argument, argument from design, or intelligent ...
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1 vote
3 answers
61 views

Is God an artist? [closed]

If Man creates art in paintings and sculptures, etc, which are depictions of the natural world such as landscapes flora and fauna, life itself and man accepts and qualifies this to be art. Is the ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
86 views

Is there a study that gathered credible accounts of healing under scientific scrutiny?

Is there a study that gathered accounts of healing under scientific scrutiny? What is meant by healing? Healing in this context means a person who had a medically documented sickness was healed in a ...
telion's user avatar
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3 answers
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What is a Christian response to the claim that atheists make that "the Bible condones slavery" in Colossians 3:22-25?

Colossians 3:22-25 (NIV) states: 22 Slaves, obey your earthly masters in everything; and do it, not only when their eye is on you and to curry their favor, but with sincerity of heart and reverence ...
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2 answers
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Do any Christians adopt a reliabilist approach to their belief in God and Christianity?

Reliabilism is defined by several sources as follows: Reliabilism is an approach to the nature of knowledge and of justified belief. Reliabilism about justification, in its simplest form, says that a ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
111 views

What is the biblical basis for answering questions about Christianity under the ethical rules of conduct on a non-Christian platform on the Internet?

Most groups of Christian faiths consider their beliefs and associated ethics are above anything the world can understand. Nevertheless they will condescend from their lofty and glorious faith and ...
Mike's user avatar
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Can you prove that God is just for punishing Jesus without taking into account Jesus also being God?

If Jesus was merely a man, then God would seem unjust for punishing the innocent Jesus in place of the guilty due to violating the following: Man is to be put to death for his own sin and not for the ...
another-prodigal's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
111 views

Why did the Catholic Church ban Pascal's Pensées?

The Wikipedia page for Blaise Pascal's apologetic work Pensées says that the Catholic Church banned the book: However as conflicting with the orthodoxy of the Catholic Church it has been forbidden to ...
John Patrick's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
120 views

According to Christian apologetics, how might an atheist come to recognize the reality of Satan and acknowledge that they've been deceived by him?

From a Christian perspective, atheists are regarded as holding mistaken beliefs concerning the existence of God and spiritual truths. It is believed that they are deceived by Satan, an evil entity ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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How important is the discipline of textual criticism for Christian apologetics?

Does a Christian apologist aiming to uphold the accuracy and reliability of modern Bibles require a strong understanding of textual criticism? Put differently, when making a comprehensive argument ...
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0 votes
2 answers
146 views

Does Young Earth Creationism presuppose Biblical inerrancy?

Suppose X is a neutral, honest, open-minded truth seeker, and let's say Y is an apologist for Young Earth Creationism (YEC). If Y intends to persuade X of the truth of YEC, must Y first establish the ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Are there prominent textual criticism books defending the faithful preservation of the gospels in modern Bibles compared to the original manuscripts?

Numerous skeptics assert that modern Bibles are the result of a succession of copies of copies of copies of copies, implying that across centuries of transcription, translation, and interpretation, or ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
76 views

How do men of faith separate good miracles from bad miracles? [closed]

The most standard problem of miracles, attacked by Christian apologists, is that miracles break the immutable laws of physics, and therefore by definition are logically impossible. This was put ...
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Are there any clear Prophecies that Jewish Rabis cannot refute concerning Jesus as Messiah? [closed]

Are there any prophecies about Jesus that contradict (refute adequately) rabbinical Judaism? I read a book with all of the Old Testament prophecies, but the rabbis always seem to have some way of ...
wmasse's user avatar
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8 answers
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What lines of evidence and arguments refute the notion that the gospels are nothing more than dismissible 'reports of reports of reports of reports'?

In a previous question addressing skeptical analogies aiming to cast doubt on the evidential worth of testimonies for extraordinary claims, I cited this source which I'd like to revisit here with a ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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presuppositional apologetics

Well, recently I've been trying to better understand the different apologetics approaches, but am having a hard time understanding the presuppositional apologetics standpoint. I've heard several ...
lightwalker's user avatar
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10 answers
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How do Christians address the "Bigfoot" analogy presented by skeptics in relation to the resurrection of Jesus?

Bigfoot was brought up by Joe Rogan during his interview with Stephen Meyer, as discussed in Paulogia's review of the interview in this video: Stephen Meyer: And then that there were reports that he ...
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
362 views

What is the Biblical basis for Christians partaking in formal intellectual debates with atheists and skeptics?

Notable examples include: Does God Exist? William Lane Craig vs. Christopher Hitchens - Full Debate [HD] The God Debate II: Harris vs. Craig Does Math Point to God? William Lane Craig + Graham Oppy ...
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0 answers
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Should apologetics take into account deeper convictions behind rational arguments?

Lately I came across What are Christian responses to the atheistic argument that God is an unnecessary and overly complicated extra step? and posted an answer to it. Although I wrote my post in ...
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How might a Christian persuade a naturalist non-theist that the universe cannot be a brute fact?

In contemporary philosophy, a brute fact is a fact that cannot be explained in terms of a deeper, more "fundamental" fact. There are two main ways to explain something: say what "...
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1 vote
5 answers
187 views

How do Christian advocates of the Fine Tuning argument for God's existence address the objection posed by the Anthropic Principle?

The anthropic principle, also known as the "observation selection effect", is the hypothesis, first proposed in 1957 by Robert Dicke, that the range of possible observations that could be ...
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9 votes
12 answers
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What are Christian responses to the atheistic argument that God is an unnecessary and overly complicated extra step?

One presentation of this argument is put forward by Carl Sagan: "If the general picture, however, of a Big Bang followed by an expanding universe is correct - what happened before that? Was the ...
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3 answers
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When did the demand for explicit deity claims by Jesus emerge?

It is my opinion that the demand or challenge to point to explicit deity claims by Jesus in the Bible began in very recent times—possibly not until the 20th century, by groups that denied his deity. ...
Michael16's user avatar
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What are Christian responses to Graham Oppy's argument for atheism from naturalism?

Short version I'm specifically referring to Graham Oppy's paper An Argument for Atheism from Naturalism: Abstract This paper outlines an argument for atheism from naturalism that I have developed in ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
163 views

What extrabiblical arguments do Christians employ (i.e., utilize in apologetics) to defend the existence of spirits or souls?

According to the 2020 PhilPapers Survey results, when asked about their stance on Consciousness: identity theory, eliminativism, functionalism, dualism, or panpsychism?, only 20.98% leaned towards or ...
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4 votes
10 answers
3k views

What are rebuttals to the argument that Christians only worship God to give their lives meaning?

Many people argue that we only created God and religion to give our lives meaning, and that is why we worship God and other gods. However, we have to take into consideration that humans tend to ...
Lucy Red's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
264 views

When is it rationally justified for a Christian to say that an anomalous event that has taken place is a miracle?

I've been engaged in a thought-provoking chat discussion with an atheist on the philosophy site. In our conversation, I've been advocating for the idea that there is evidence supporting the existence ...
user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
2k views

Apologetics vs. Evangelism?

When engaging with non-believers, including atheists, agnostics, apatheists, pagans, and others, two distinct approaches come to light: The first is the Apologetics approach, involving the ...
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0 votes
5 answers
213 views

If a person thinks there is no afterlife, why should he choose to be righteous?

I have seen people resort to arguments such as "if there is no afterlife, why be good (or religious)?". Counterarguments to living in sin during this life include final judgment and the ...
pygosceles's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
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What specific strategies exist in apologetics to effectively engage and persuade individuals who adhere to pagan beliefs?

Note: This question has been inspired by the related question Convince a Heathen Theologian with 25 years of Experience I'm intrigued by the prospect of tailoring apologetics strategies specifically ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
507 views

What is an overview of perspectives on whether the existence of the Christian God can be established solely through the use of reason and evidence?

Note: I'm interested in the Christian perspective on the question Can God's existence be established through reason and publicly accessible evidence? that I recently asked on Philosophy Stack Exchange....
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-2 votes
2 answers
102 views

In modern emerging Evangelicalism, how does less focus on General Revelation imply a more Experience-oriented religion?

According to experienced Christians, "If anything, a focus on General Revelation should correlate with more experience focus, as people relish in the signs of God." It is so true that when ...
ray grant's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
951 views

How are Romans 1:19-20 and Psalm 139:7-10 reconciled with the growing prevalence of the argument from divine hiddenness among atheists?

Romans 1:18-25 ESV 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be known about ...
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4 votes
4 answers
498 views

How can a case be made against reducing the Christian experience to the Placebo effect? [closed]

The responses and reactions elicited by the question Is Christianity testable? on Philosophy Stack Exchange have been quite insightful. In particular, I would like to bring the reader's attention to ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
254 views

According to Christians who argue for the testability of Christianity, what is a step-by-step guide on how to perform such a test?

Context: before answering this question, I highly recommend reading the answers to Is Christianity testable? and What is the biblical basis for John Lennox's claim that Christianity is testable?. ...
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5 votes
5 answers
519 views

What is the biblical basis for John Lennox's claim that Christianity is testable?

In a debate between John Lennox and Peter Atkins on the topic "Can science explain everything?", at minute 44:47 John Lennox claims: Lennox: "And the major reason why I believe that ...
user avatar
0 votes
5 answers
280 views

How to refute the argument that is is possible to be saved without Jesus and do apologetics for it

I've recently thought of an argument that might undermine Christianity but I'm not sure if I simply reinvented a super old argument that already has a refutation or it's a novel one (probably not), ...
setszu's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
343 views

What are the "gospels" in the Gospels?

As far as I know there are 4 Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. I am an ex-Christian (currently atheist) who had a debate with a Muslim about a few discrepancies between the Qur'an and the Bible. ...
user4951's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
512 views

What is the biblical counter-argument to the expression "the Universe provides"?

I have been given an assignment to address the view held by some people that "the Universe provides." My first thought was to investigate the New Age movement and beliefs but, although I ...
Lesley's user avatar
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3 answers
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Refutation of Nailed: Ten Christian Myths That Show Jesus Never Existed at All (David Fitzgerald)

David Fitzgerald published a book called Nailed: Ten Christian Myths That Show Jesus Never Existed at All in 2010. Are there any published refutations or rebuttals to this work?
user1010110's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
79 views

On Bible Verses Defined by the Catholic Church

The following link seems to provide some good insight into Bible verses whose meanings have been definitively declared by the Catholic Church. https://www.catholicfidelity.com/apologetics-topics/bible/...
DDS's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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What could account for this 1990 radical change in belief about the German school of Higher Criticism (that began around 1860)?

This development in German universities in the 1800s is not to be confused with today’s “Critical Theory” (just in case anyone reading the 1990 quote below thinks they are akin.) This question deals ...
Anne's user avatar
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3 answers
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Is there a possible compatibility between immutability and God's mercy?

Objection: If God exists, He is immutable. If God exists, he is merciful. An immutable being cannot be affected by any event (since God is not subject to change). A merciful being must be affected ...
Alex Iglesias's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
94 views

The Historicity of David, Pilate, and the Philistines

I've looked at the discoveries of things like the Tel Dan Inscription or the Pilate Stone which testify to the existence of David and Pilate. I read that before such archeological discoveries, the ...
You are consciously breathing's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
339 views

Did the religion of Christianity arise in AD70?

It has been suggested that the religion of Christianity arose as a result of the destruction of the Jewish temple and the Jewish priesthood by the Romans in the year 70. This date marks the inception ...
Paul George's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
3k views

If God is perfect, do we live in the best of all possible worlds?

God is supposed to be perfect. If the world is the work of a perfect god, it should be, as Leibniz argued, the best possible world. But it is not very difficult to imagine a better world than this. ...
Alex Iglesias's user avatar
4 votes
8 answers
2k views

How can one counter-argue this argument against the existence of God?

Argument: If God is the Creator, He cannot be perfect. For either God created the world desiring it or not desiring it. If he did not wish it, it implies that he does not have total control over his ...
Alex Iglesias's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
351 views

What is the Transcendental Argument proof of God's existence?

I am aware of the several Metaphysical Arguments for the proof of God's existence (Cosmological, Teleological, Anthropological, etc.). And am familiar with the Logical Syllogisms showing the lethal ...
ray grant's user avatar
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-1 votes
4 answers
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Why does God punish us for our will?

This is a huge question. Do let me know if its immensity makes it off-topic for this site. I will start out my question with a quote from Schopenhauer: A man can do what he wills, but not will what ...
user110391's user avatar

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