Questions tagged [apologetics]

Defenses of religious positions using reason. This tag should only be used with respect to disagreements with religions other than Christianity.

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Babylonian literature and Daniel

This is an apologetics question involving history and archeology to which I’m looking for a christian’s answer. Below is a quote from theologian Joyce G. Baldwin on her essay (pg.97) regarding the ...
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Could you suggest me some books about Catholic apologetics?

I have recently become interested in Catholic apologetics, but I don't know which book to buy to explore the subject. For example, I was thinking of the book "Handbook of Catholic Apologetics: ...
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Why doesn't hallucination, common burial, legend, and gullibility explain the rise of Christianity (rather than the Resurrection)? How is this wrong?

What scholarship refutes the following view of history? How do we know this alternative to the Gospel is incorrect? Jesus is executed by the Roman empire after preaching a loving humanism based on ...
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To what extent is training in apologetics necessary to be fully convinced that Christianity is true? [closed]

Is in-depth training in philosophical and historical arguments for the veracity of Christianity a necessary condition for someone to be able to reach an extremely high level of confidence that ...
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What are scholarly books for and against the historicity of the resurrection of Jesus?

In order to have a well-rounded understanding of the arguments for and against a historical resurrection of Jesus, what would be a comprehensive list of must-read scholarly books defending its ...
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What are apologetic arguments for the existence of demons?

How do Christians who believe in the existence of demons prove their existence? What are the strongest apologetic arguments for the existence of demons? Many skeptics explain away demonic possessions ...
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If the Immaculate Conception is true, then why can't God create everyone free from original sin? [duplicate]

The Catholic Church teaches Mary, from the moment of conception, was free from original sin by the grace of Jesus. If this is true (which I do hold), then why does God not create everyone free from ...
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How do Christians justify lack of God's intervention during events where neonates get killed?

I simply can't reason about it. When let's say 1 month old child gets killed and dies in horrible pain, there was nothing for him to learn from this "lesson". He also had no possibility to ...
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How do Open Theists respond to Bible verses claiming God knows the future?

These questions pretty clearly show that God knows the future: For I know the plans I have for you, declares the Lord, plans for welfare and not for evil, to give you a future and a hope. Jeremiah 29:...
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Does the Origin of Religious Beliefs from Evolution cast doubt on Christian belief?

Evolutionism claims that religious beliefs result from their ability to give us a cooperative ability to survive. This, an Evolutionist would argue, would imply that religion comes into existence, not ...
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How do Christian apologists defend the credibility of the miracles reported in the gospel accounts?

I'm reading Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy's article on Miracles, and it has an interesting section that presents several objections to the credibility of witnesses that may justify one's being ...
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What Biblical Defenses are there to Divine Hiddenness?

Truly, you are a God who hides himself, O God of Israel, the Savior. (Isaiah 45:15, ESV) How long, Lord? Will you forget me forever? How long will you hide your face from me? How long must I wrestle ...
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What is an overview of denominational doctrines that are most commonly defended by apologists against objections from other denominations? [closed]

Each major Christian denomination accepts some subset of doctrines that are commonly called into question by detractors from other denominations and, therefore, are commonly the subject of formal ...
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According to Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy, what are the strongest apologetic arguments for the divine inspiration of the deuterocanonical books?

According to Wikipedia, the deuterocanonical books include: Canonical for the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church: Tobit Judith Baruch Sirach 1 Maccabees 2 Maccabees Wisdom Additions to ...
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How do continuationists respond to the 'closed canon' argument against the continuation of special revelations and sign gifts?

In my experience chatting with cessationists, I've noticed that a very recurrent cessationist argument against the continuation of special revelations and sign gifts is what I would call the 'closed ...
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Is there a consensus among Christian scholars or apologists as to which Biblical prophecies have been fulfilled?

Questions such as Biblical Prophecy and Fulfillment and Which prophecies have definitely been fulfilled? have already been asked in the past, but they have been closed due to their wording that ...
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Christianity and Survivor's Guilt [closed]

One of the major impediments to many people's acceptance of conservative Christianity these days is the doctrine of hell. It seems the thought that people, of which include our sweet beloved friends ...
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What is the difference between a missionary and an apologist when it comes to proselytizing for the Christian faith?

At first glance both Christian missionaries and apologists appear to be dedicated individuals who share the same goal of winning people over to Christianity, by presenting the Christian faith in a way ...
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Pascal's wager vs 1 Corinthians 15:17-19

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pascal%27s_wager describes Pascal's wager: If God does not actually exist, such a person will have only a finite loss (some pleasures, luxury, etc.), whereas if God does ...
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How do continuationists explain the absence of video recordings of undeniable miracles?

A common objection to the belief in the continuation of miracles is the absence of undeniable evidence, such as video recordings, going viral in social media, which is kind of strange given the almost ...
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Can the doctrine of Continuationism be logically deduced from Scripture via deductive reasoning?

According to Continuationists, is it possible to make a case for the doctrine of Continuationism through logical argumentation based on deductive reasoning and Scripture alone (i.e. without appealing ...
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How do Latter-day Saints respond to the non-LDS argument that Joseph Smith's death was not comparable to the martyrdom of the ancient apostles?

This question is offered as a counterpoint to: How do non-LDS Christians respond to the LDS argument that Joseph Smith died as a Martyr for God, just like the Apostles? In particular, an argument from ...
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Can the doctrine of Cessationism be logically deduced from Scripture via deductive reasoning?

According to Cessationists, is it possible to make a case for the doctrine of Cessationism through logical argumentation based on deductive reasoning and Scripture alone (i.e. without appealing to ...
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How do Cessationists respond to "the counterfeit proves the real" argument?

I don't have an explicit source at hand to cite, but sometimes I've heard Continuationists put forth the argument that "the counterfeit proves the real", "the counterfeit proves the ...
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How do non-LDS Christians respond to the LDS argument that Joseph Smith died as a Martyr for God, just like the Apostles?

In Christian apologetics, a common argument for the reliability of the eyewitness accounts of the apostles is the fact that they were willing to withstand persecution and even martyrdom for what they ...
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What are the strongest apologetic arguments for the existence of miracles and the supernatural gifts of the Spirit during the apostolic age?

The four gospels, the book of Acts and the epistles by the apostle Paul affirm very clearly that the early Church was endued with power from on high. Christians during the apostolic age had access to ...
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How do Continuationists respond to the "go empty hospitals" objection against the gift of healing?

An objection that I've heard many times from both atheists and Cessationists against the gift of healing is the following: If the gift of healing is for today, why don't we see faith healers emptying ...
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How do Latter-day Saints respond to William Lane Craig's philosophical objections to the Mormon view of creation?

The Mormon View of Creation is the title of an episode of the Reasonable Faith Podcast, recorded on February 16, 2010, in which William Lane Craig, a renowned Christian apologist, philosopher and ...
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According to Protestantism, what are the strongest apologetic arguments against the doctrine of Intercession of Saints?

It's well known that Protestants reject the doctrine of Intercession of Saints. According to Wikipedia: With the exception of a few early Protestant churches, most modern Protestant churches strongly ...
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What are the strongest apologetic arguments in defense of the veracity of the doctrine of Intercession of Saints?

From Wikipedia: Intercession of the Saints is a doctrine held by the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Roman Catholic Churches. The practice of praying through Saints can be found in Christian ...
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Control the masses? [closed]

What's the greatest argument against people who say religion was created to control the masses? Are there any apologetic books that cover this?
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According to LDS, what are the strongest apologetic arguments for the divine inspiration of the Book of Mormon?

Inspired by my previous question on the divine inspiration of the Bible, I would like to ask a similar question on the Book of Mormon: According to Latter-day Saints, what are the strongest apologetic ...
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What are the strongest arguments for the divine inspiration of the Bible?

Simple question: How do Christians who believe that the Bible was supernaturally inspired by God justify their position? What are the strongest arguments for the belief that the Bible is the inspired ...
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Is Unterbrink's theory that the Judas of Galilee in Acts 5 is Jesus tenable?

I am a Christian and came across a theory by atheist Daniel T Unterbrink where he claims that Judas of Galilee from Acts 5 is actually Jesus insofar that the gospel accounts of Judas of Galilee (not ...
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What are the arguments against the feeding miracles really happened?

The gospel narratives straightforwardly present the stories of the feeding the multitude miracles as something that really happened and witnessed by thousands of people (i.e. not symbolic, not ...
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How are intersex people explained by Christianity?

Now I'm not asking for ethical apologetics but more of a scientific or creationist/Genesis explanation on their existence and how it coincides with the Bible. God created Male and Female only, and yet ...
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280 views

Is it correct to say Bible has 2 eyewitness accounts (Matthew, Mark and Luke as comprehensive one & John being the other) of Jesus Christ's lifetime?

Since the Synoptic problem indicates that the Synoptic gospels form a comprehensive view that gives a holistic perspective, therefore, bible readers can Not use the argument that the 3 gospels of ...
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What can be the Christian defence of the argument from J.L. Schellenberg’s “Divine Hiddenness”? [closed]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argument_from_nonbelief https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/divine-hiddenness/ "This argument says that if God existed (and was perfectly good and loving) every ...
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Has any Christian Apologist ever published arguments for the existence of Satan, demons and their ongoing influence over human matters?

Christianity does not have a clear and unambiguous definition. Rather, I see Christianity as an umbrella term that includes a variety of multiple branches, with many shared beliefs, but also not ...
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Are there any denominations that give official advice on how to win atheists for Christ who are very strong in philosophy, logic and skepticism?

This is intended to be a question of general applicability, but in all honesty, I'm asking inspired by concrete YouTube channels that promote atheism, most notably, CosmicSkeptic and RationalityRules. ...
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Are there philosophical explanations for why God would allow animals to suffer due to non-human causes?

I just finished watching CosmicSkeptic's video titled Christianity's Biggest Problem, in which Alex O'Connor, the owner of the channel, presents the problem of animal suffering as the biggest ...
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Is suffering a proof against intelligent design? [closed]

An atheist has argued with me that suffering is going against "intelligent design" in humans and animals. He would agree that pain is vital for our nature to indicate when something is wrong,...
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HOW does the existence of the Universe make those who do not worship God to be "without excuse"?

"For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. For what can be known about God is plain to them,...
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What's the difference between the Apostle's claims and the claims of others who started religious movements?

So I recently watched a documentary about a new age movement and felt a bit rattled by what I perceived to be some examples of peoples behaving in a way that undermines the common arguments for ...
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How much of the text of the Gospel of John can be substantiated by early copies and quotes from early Church Fathers?

It's interesting that a person will claim passages were added at a later date without considering the textual evidence. A fragment of the Gospel of John dates in the first half of the second century. ...
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How can a catholic argue against the accusation of Papolatry?

Papolatry is defined as an "Excessive reverence for the Pope". If a catholic have an excessive defense for the teachings or moral laws of the Pope (when he contradicts the Deposit of Faith ...
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Do cases of scientific foreknowledge in the Bible come from Exegesis or Eisegesis?

There are many apologists who say that scientific knowledge can be found in the Scriptures, although they are not really explicit. [The only fact I can see clearly stated is that the Universe had a ...
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On what basis do Evangelical apologists argue that Muhammad committed sin?

Muhammad claimed to be a Prophet of God, even God's last Prophet. As such his life should have been godly. There is not much of his life revealed in the Quran. What is spoken of sometimes needs one ...
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Is thinking of God as a Loving Father specific to Christianity?

I was looking to respond to someone who sent me a Christopher Hitchens video saying that nothing would be different if Jesus never existed and I was thinking of all the ways this is dead wrong. One ...
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What formal methods and criteria could be used to evaluate the message of the bible? [closed]

My agnostic friend has asked for "formal evidence" of the Bible. How can one scientifically evaluate statements written over 2,000 years ago? Besides the historical evaluation of events, how to ...