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a place of suffering and punishment in the afterlife

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1answer
67 views

What was Pelagius' view of Hell?

It is probably impossible to determine what his view was for certain, but what evidence is there that he believed eternal conscious torment, annihilationism, or universalism? Evidence ranging from ...
6
votes
1answer
239 views

Where did Augustine say that the same fire that tortures the damned purifies the elect?

I've seen it quoted on internet sites that Augustine said that the same fire that tortures the damned purifies the elect. Supposedly he meant by this that the fires of Purgatory and Hell are the same. ...
8
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4answers
212 views

Why is Satan commonly believed to rule in hell?

Satan (Devil, Lucifer and all these not exactly the same meaning names) is often told to rule in hell, tormenting the damned souls and so on, while in the Bible I could not find anything more than the ...
5
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2answers
132 views

Was there a non-Augustinian response to universalism in the early Church?

Most are aware of Augustine's abandonment of his universalism and his later adoption of eternal conscious torment in literal fire. His rejection of universalism is ultimately founded upon a ...
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1answer
88 views

What is the Anglican teaching on Hell?

What is the official teaching on hell in the Church of England? (Anglican). Please include sources. The 39 articles of faith make no mention of hell, so what other source makes statement on the ...
3
votes
3answers
267 views

If faith is a gift from God, and atheists (might) go to hell, is God ultimately willing to send atheists to hell? (Catholic perspective)

Premise 1: Faith is a gift from God. So says St. Thomas Aquinas here. Also, according to the Dogmatic Constitution of the Catholic Church De Fide Catholica Et De Ecclesia Christi: ... the Catholic ...
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2answers
83 views

Why is hell more prominent in the NT and not the OT?

This question came to me after reading the following excerpt from Wikipedia's entry on Hell: "Early Judaism had no concept of Hell, although the concept of an afterlife was introduced during the ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Is there a bad part of heaven?

From what I understand, by Catholics, everyone who believes in Jesus goes to Heaven, but most people go to purgatory first. When they leave purgatory, everyone is worthy of some level of Heaven. ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

How do Calvinists argue that limited atonement is just and merciful?

Why is it just or merciful that God predetermines who is to be saved and who is to be damned, before they are even born? Does that not mean a murderer may be saved and a charity worker damned?
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1answer
154 views

Is this interview with Pope Francis going to change Christianity? [closed]

I was... surprised... to learn this morning that our Pope Francis does not believe in hell. Will this interview change the Catholic Church?
3
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1answer
505 views

When did God create Hell? [closed]

Assuming a belief in a literal eternal hell believed by traditional Christian beliefs, when is hell believed to have been created by God? A good answer will include scriptural support for when Hell ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Will Agnostics and Atheists go to Hell? (Catholic)

Does it state anywhere in the Catholic Doctrine that non-believers and doubters will go to hell?
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2answers
147 views

Looking for an apologetic to the “Cosmic Child Abuse” objection

Recently during a discussion I got smacked with the "Cosmic Child Abuse" argument. I had heard of it before, but never really had to wrestle with it in real life. I discovered that I don't actually ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

According to Catholicism, does God actively cause suffering in Hell?

I was wondering what is the official ontological explanation of the Catholic Church in regard to souls (of humans and fallen angles alike) suffering in Hell. I do not know whether God actively ...
3
votes
1answer
434 views

What is Jehovah's Witnesses view of Revelation 20:10 since they do not believe in hell?

I know that Jehovah's Witnesses do not believe in hellfire but in that case, how do they interpret scriptures such as Revelation 20:10, which says And the devil that deceived them was cast into the ...
0
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2answers
180 views

What do mormons believe about eschatology? [closed]

As I understand, mormons affirm some sort of final judgment where people are judged according to their works. I'm curious what that looks like. Is it a balancing scale, where if you did more good ...
3
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2answers
417 views

Do mormons have a doctrine of afterlife preaching and repentence?

I swear I read somewhere some years ago that Mormons have a developed doctrine of saints in the afterlife descending to Hell in order to preach the gospel to those who are stuck there and give them ...
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vote
2answers
81 views

According to the Catholic Church, does God punish sinners?

When reading the Old Testament it seems that God punishes bad behavior. But according to the Catholic Church (catechism?) are sins punished by God, for example, in purgatory is it more like a karma, ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

What does the Bible teach about “fire” in the phrase “Hell fire”? [closed]

I was studying today Matthew 5:22(KJV). But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca,...
7
votes
1answer
202 views

Do saints and church fathers generally make the claim that most people go to a hell of everlasting torment?

In the videos of the Catholic YouTube channel / media enterprise "Church Militant", they often make the claim that most people go to hell, and that hell is a place of everlasting unbearable torment. ...
7
votes
4answers
311 views

Concept and permanence of hell and the “outer darkness” according to LDS beliefs

[Edited because I first got confused from the answers about for whom should "hell" be a permanent place (I had assumed that the SE answers meant that it was not a permanent place for anyone).] This ...
8
votes
1answer
208 views

How many hells did Swedenborg say there were?

In G.K. Chesteron's essay "The Red Angel," found in the collection Tremendous Trifles, he remarks: One small child in the dark can invent more hells than Swedenborg. What is Chesterton referring ...
2
votes
2answers
969 views

Is it possible to repent after death in Catholicism?

In the following quote from the Catechism, it seems to imply that you can repent of a mortal sin after death. How does that fit with the standard "Once damned always damned after death" view that the ...
12
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2answers
341 views

How do proponents of Apokatastasis deal with the “Everlasting punishment” texts in scripture?

For those who don't know, the doctrine of Apokatastasis is an ancient form of Universalism which states that everything God has ever created will be saved and glorified, including the Devil and his ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

Why is hell for a literal eternity if it does not have literal flames and worms?

According to those that believe hell will be "eternal conscious torment" or "eternal separation", if the flames and worms are not literal, then why is it necessary that the word "eternal" be a literal ...
3
votes
1answer
444 views

What is an overview of Reformed beliefs about hell?

Could somebody please provide an overview of the various beliefs that the Reformed churches hold regarding hell? If possible, but not required for an accepted answer, it would be great if they could ...
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0answers
43 views

How can one cease to exist when Jesus and many Bible verses state that hell a real place? [duplicate]

I have a question regarding the topic of hell. How can anyone claim that there isn't a hell when Jesus clearly states that there is? Also, the Bible speaks of fire, screaming, and other horrific ...
2
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3answers
396 views

According to the Catholicism, is a conscious denial of the gospel of Christ a mortal sin?

For example, say there is a 28 year old Muslim woman living in Afghanistan. Her whole life, her family, friends, and community have told her to "stay away from those pagan Christians because they ...
7
votes
1answer
184 views

According to Wesleyan-Arminianism, does God fail?

According to Wesleyan-Arminianism, does God try His absolute hardest to save all of mankind- but ultimately fails and has no other choice but to send a majority of mankind to have their flesh burned ...
2
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0answers
92 views

According to Reformed theology, how should Christians react when a non-believer dies? [duplicate]

Several of the Scriptures seem to indicate that God's judgement is righteous, wonderful, and something to long for. Here are a few examples: "Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O YHVH, have we ...
0
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1answer
229 views

According to Catholicism, how should Christians react when an unbeliever dies?

I was reading the following passages, and they seem to indicate that we should rejoice when God brings about His judgement: "Righteous art thou, O YHVH, and upright are thy judgments." Psalm 119:...
13
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2answers
571 views

According to Reformed Theology do non-trinitarians go to hell?

According to Reformed theology, if one believes that Yeshua (Jesus) is the Messiah and the son of God (but they deny that he is God and the second person of a triune god), is this person sent to an ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis for the belief that people do not go to heaven or hell immediately when they die?

User @Touch poignantly stated in a now closed question, But if people are already in heaven this means that there really isn't much reason for Jesus Christ to return, because all those that ...
10
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1answer
328 views

Did John Wesley reject the Athanasian Creed?

I've seen a few examples online of people claiming that John Wesley objected to the "hell" clauses of the Athanasian Creed, such as on the United Methodist Church website: United Methodists are not ...
1
vote
1answer
224 views

In Catholicism, what are the arguments for the reasonableness (see body) of an eternal hell?

An eternal hell is difficult concept for some to grasp even among those who call themselves Catholic. [Cf. Debunking the myth of hell, by Carol Meyer, Feb. 3, 2011 | NCR]. The last paragraph in the ...
9
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2answers
265 views

What scriptural arguments are there, if any, that there is hell but it is not eternal?

The Catholic Church teaches that there is hell and it is eternal [cf. The Hell There Is! | Catholic Answers]. What is the [common] scriptural basis, if any, for the Christian groups which teach that ...
7
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2answers
633 views

Who said that the mere sight of devils was one of the greatest torments of hell?

In Perelandra, chapter 9, C. S. Lewis writes: In certain old philosophers and poets he had read that the mere sight of the devils was one of the greatest among the torments of Hell. Elsewhere in ...
4
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2answers
209 views

What's the level of the teaching that we can't be sure someone is in Hell?

As far as I know, according to Catholic doctrine we can't be sure that any particular soul is in Hell. I understand the reasons (one can repent in the last moment, which is not observable by others), ...
7
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1answer
334 views

What are the different views on the nature of 'hellfire'?

Fire as understood by physical humans consumes and destroys the fuel that it ignites and then goes out. The unredeemed soul is what many religions teach will be tormented eternally in fire of hell. ...
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2answers
556 views

Why do Catholics teach that Catholics go to hell if they die in a state of mortal sin, but teach some Protestants may go to Purgatory/Heaven?

I have heard, according to Roman Catholic professors and dogma, that if we die with a mortal sin on our soul we will go to hell. However, didn't Pope Benedict XVI say that Protestants can achieve ...
12
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3answers
2k views

What is the origin of the belief that Satan tortures the unsaved in Hell?

There's a thought that Satan (the devil) tortures the unsaved in Hell. For example, a brief search revealed a website wherein a member posted the following: I think of Satan more of a psycopath ...
5
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3answers
822 views

Where does the Scripture say that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace in order to go to Heaven?

If I am correct, the Catholic Church teaches that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace at the moment of your death if you wish to go to Heaven. If you are not, then you are automatically ...
3
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1answer
102 views

Do Orthodox believe the eternal fire is related to the uncreated light?

I have been reading Welcome to the Orthodox Church by Frederica Mathewes-Green. She points out that, at the time of the writing of Scripture, artificial lighting hadn't been invented and therefore any ...
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1answer
100 views

What does “to appeal from the Hell” mean?

I'm new on this site of Stack Exhcange. As a non-native speaker, I've been asking questions on ELL and ELU. However, I thought this might be related with religion (in this case, of course, ...
2
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1answer
598 views

What is the biblical basis against the idea that Jesus descended into hell?

Related question: What is the Biblical basis for the concept that Jesus spent time in Hell? The question linked above provides a number of biblical arguments in support of the "descent into hell" (or ...
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1answer
651 views

When did “he descended into hell” become part of the Apostles' Creed?

There seems to be much more debate over one clause of the Apostles' Creed than the entire rest of it put together, and that is the "descent into hell" (or "hades") clause, also known as the "harrowing ...
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3answers
666 views

Without Hell, from what does Jesus save?

This question is about the liberal versions of Christianity, the versions which don’t have a conception of Hell. Put simply, without Hell, just what exactly is Jesus saving me from? Even the most ...
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1answer
416 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses understand the essential nature of hell, and how does it differ from that of Seventh-day Adventists?

Earlier this week, I was talking to a friend, more arguing really, and the subject of hell came up. And he said something that got me thinking. He said "There's no hell as many of us believe it. There'...
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1answer
141 views

What is the Biblical basis for death being the last point for repentance?

Death is seen as a point at which our eternal destiny is decided or the last point for repentance, at least in most evangelical circles. What is the Biblical basis for this belief?
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3answers
355 views

Does the Catholic Church teach that some who died before Christ are still in Limbo? Why?

In Dante's Inferno, the Poets (Homer, Ovid, Horace, Lucan, etc) and other figures are portrayed as residing in Limbo. Ostensibly, during the crucifixion of Jesus, he entered Limbo and took with him to ...