Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

a place of suffering and punishment in the afterlife

6
votes
0answers
45 views

What is the origin of the phrase “hell is the absence of God”?

I'm familiar with debates about the theological implications of the statement "Hell is the absence of God" (see here for instance), but I have not been able to find a source for the phrase nor in what ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

Seventh Day Adventist - do they believe people who attend church on Sunday will go to hell?

My children attend a Seventh Day Adventist school. One teacher often mentions that 'people who go to church on Sunday will go to hell'. Is this consistent with Seventh Day Adventist belief? Thank you....
0
votes
1answer
54 views

According to universalists, why should we obey God?

If universal reconciliation is true- so that everybody will eventually come to know God because of his son Yeshua, and therefore nobody will have their flesh burned forever and ever- why should we ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

What is the biblical basis for the Eastern Orthodox concept of Aerial toll houses?

I heard about the Eastern Orthodox 'Toll Booth' concept a few days ago. It goes something like this: After death you go through 20 toll booths manned by demons who ask specific questions about your ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of John 12:32?

According to John 12:32 (NRSV): And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all peoplea to myself.” aJohn 12:32 Other ancient authorities read all things Yeshua seems to be saying- ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

According to Calvin, how can God be loving if he created people to go to hell?

I struggle with John Calvin writing that God created people to go to the lake of fire (Institues, Volume 3, Chapter 21, Section 5). How could a loving, merciful, and gracious God create people so that ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

What was Pelagius' view of Hell?

It is probably impossible to determine what his view was for certain, but what evidence is there that he believed eternal conscious torment, annihilationism, or universalism? Evidence ranging from ...
6
votes
1answer
273 views

Where did Augustine say that the same fire that tortures the damned purifies the elect?

I've seen it quoted on internet sites that Augustine said that the same fire that tortures the damned purifies the elect. Supposedly he meant by this that the fires of Purgatory and Hell are the same. ...
8
votes
4answers
266 views

Why is Satan commonly believed to rule in hell?

Satan (Devil, Lucifer and all these not exactly the same meaning names) is often told to rule in hell, tormenting the damned souls and so on, while in the Bible I could not find anything more than the ...
6
votes
2answers
185 views

Was there a non-Augustinian response to universalism in the early Church?

Most are aware of Augustine's abandonment of his universalism and his later adoption of eternal conscious torment in literal fire. His rejection of universalism is ultimately founded upon a ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

What is the Anglican teaching on Hell?

What is the official teaching on hell in the Church of England? (Anglican). Please include sources. The 39 articles of faith make no mention of hell, so what other source makes statement on the ...
3
votes
3answers
283 views

If faith is a gift from God, and atheists (might) go to hell, is God ultimately willing to send atheists to hell? (Catholic perspective)

Premise 1: Faith is a gift from God. So says St. Thomas Aquinas here. Also, according to the Dogmatic Constitution of the Catholic Church De Fide Catholica Et De Ecclesia Christi: ... the Catholic ...
-1
votes
2answers
91 views

Why is hell more prominent in the NT and not the OT?

This question came to me after reading the following excerpt from Wikipedia's entry on Hell: "Early Judaism had no concept of Hell, although the concept of an afterlife was introduced during the ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Is there a bad part of heaven?

From what I understand, by Catholics, everyone who believes in Jesus goes to Heaven, but most people go to purgatory first. When they leave purgatory, everyone is worthy of some level of Heaven. ...
2
votes
3answers
163 views

How do Calvinists argue that limited atonement is just and merciful?

Why is it just or merciful that God predetermines who is to be saved and who is to be damned, before they are even born? Does that not mean a murderer may be saved and a charity worker damned?
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Is this interview with Pope Francis going to change Christianity? [closed]

I was... surprised... to learn this morning that our Pope Francis does not believe in hell. Will this interview change the Catholic Church?
3
votes
1answer
643 views

When did God create Hell? [closed]

Assuming a belief in a literal eternal hell believed by traditional Christian beliefs, when is hell believed to have been created by God? A good answer will include scriptural support for when Hell ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Will Agnostics and Atheists go to Hell? (Catholic)

Does it state anywhere in the Catholic Doctrine that non-believers and doubters will go to hell?
1
vote
2answers
157 views

Looking for an apologetic to the “Cosmic Child Abuse” objection

Recently during a discussion I got smacked with the "Cosmic Child Abuse" argument. I had heard of it before, but never really had to wrestle with it in real life. I discovered that I don't actually ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

According to Catholicism, does God actively cause suffering in Hell?

I was wondering what is the official ontological explanation of the Catholic Church in regard to souls (of humans and fallen angles alike) suffering in Hell. I do not know whether God actively ...
3
votes
1answer
521 views

What is Jehovah's Witnesses view of Revelation 20:10 since they do not believe in hell?

I know that Jehovah's Witnesses do not believe in hellfire but in that case, how do they interpret scriptures such as Revelation 20:10, which says And the devil that deceived them was cast into the ...
0
votes
2answers
188 views

What do mormons believe about eschatology? [closed]

As I understand, mormons affirm some sort of final judgment where people are judged according to their works. I'm curious what that looks like. Is it a balancing scale, where if you did more good ...
3
votes
2answers
421 views

Do mormons have a doctrine of afterlife preaching and repentence?

I swear I read somewhere some years ago that Mormons have a developed doctrine of saints in the afterlife descending to Hell in order to preach the gospel to those who are stuck there and give them ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

According to the Catholic Church, does God punish sinners?

When reading the Old Testament it seems that God punishes bad behavior. But according to the Catholic Church (catechism?) are sins punished by God, for example, in purgatory is it more like a karma, ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

What does the Bible teach about “fire” in the phrase “Hell fire”? [closed]

I was studying today Matthew 5:22(KJV). But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca,...
7
votes
1answer
202 views

Do saints and church fathers generally make the claim that most people go to a hell of everlasting torment?

In the videos of the Catholic YouTube channel / media enterprise "Church Militant", they often make the claim that most people go to hell, and that hell is a place of everlasting unbearable torment. ...
7
votes
4answers
333 views

Concept and permanence of hell and the “outer darkness” according to LDS beliefs

[Edited because I first got confused from the answers about for whom should "hell" be a permanent place (I had assumed that the SE answers meant that it was not a permanent place for anyone).] This ...
8
votes
1answer
217 views

How many hells did Swedenborg say there were?

In G.K. Chesteron's essay "The Red Angel," found in the collection Tremendous Trifles, he remarks: One small child in the dark can invent more hells than Swedenborg. What is Chesterton referring ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to repent after death in Catholicism?

In the following quote from the Catechism, it seems to imply that you can repent of a mortal sin after death. How does that fit with the standard "Once damned always damned after death" view that the ...
12
votes
2answers
355 views

How do proponents of Apokatastasis deal with the “Everlasting punishment” texts in scripture?

For those who don't know, the doctrine of Apokatastasis is an ancient form of Universalism which states that everything God has ever created will be saved and glorified, including the Devil and his ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

Why is hell for a literal eternity if it does not have literal flames and worms?

According to those that believe hell will be "eternal conscious torment" or "eternal separation", if the flames and worms are not literal, then why is it necessary that the word "eternal" be a literal ...
3
votes
1answer
520 views

What is an overview of Reformed beliefs about hell?

Could somebody please provide an overview of the various beliefs that the Reformed churches hold regarding hell? If possible, but not required for an accepted answer, it would be great if they could ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

How can one cease to exist when Jesus and many Bible verses state that hell a real place? [duplicate]

I have a question regarding the topic of hell. How can anyone claim that there isn't a hell when Jesus clearly states that there is? Also, the Bible speaks of fire, screaming, and other horrific ...
2
votes
3answers
416 views

According to the Catholicism, is a conscious denial of the gospel of Christ a mortal sin?

For example, say there is a 28 year old Muslim woman living in Afghanistan. Her whole life, her family, friends, and community have told her to "stay away from those pagan Christians because they ...
7
votes
1answer
187 views

According to Wesleyan-Arminianism, does God fail?

According to Wesleyan-Arminianism, does God try His absolute hardest to save all of mankind- but ultimately fails and has no other choice but to send a majority of mankind to have their flesh burned ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

According to Reformed theology, how should Christians react when a non-believer dies? [duplicate]

Several of the Scriptures seem to indicate that God's judgement is righteous, wonderful, and something to long for. Here are a few examples: "Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O YHVH, have we ...
0
votes
1answer
236 views

According to Catholicism, how should Christians react when an unbeliever dies?

I was reading the following passages, and they seem to indicate that we should rejoice when God brings about His judgement: "Righteous art thou, O YHVH, and upright are thy judgments." Psalm 119:...
13
votes
2answers
626 views

According to Reformed Theology do non-trinitarians go to hell?

According to Reformed theology, if one believes that Yeshua (Jesus) is the Messiah and the son of God (but they deny that he is God and the second person of a triune god), is this person sent to an ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the biblical basis for the belief that people do not go to heaven or hell immediately when they die?

User @Touch poignantly stated in a now closed question, But if people are already in heaven this means that there really isn't much reason for Jesus Christ to return, because all those that ...
10
votes
1answer
339 views

Did John Wesley reject the Athanasian Creed?

I've seen a few examples online of people claiming that John Wesley objected to the "hell" clauses of the Athanasian Creed, such as on the United Methodist Church website: United Methodists are not ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

In Catholicism, what are the arguments for the reasonableness (see body) of an eternal hell?

An eternal hell is difficult concept for some to grasp even among those who call themselves Catholic. [Cf. Debunking the myth of hell, by Carol Meyer, Feb. 3, 2011 | NCR]. The last paragraph in the ...
9
votes
2answers
266 views

What scriptural arguments are there, if any, that there is hell but it is not eternal?

The Catholic Church teaches that there is hell and it is eternal [cf. The Hell There Is! | Catholic Answers]. What is the [common] scriptural basis, if any, for the Christian groups which teach that ...
7
votes
2answers
711 views

Who said that the mere sight of devils was one of the greatest torments of hell?

In Perelandra, chapter 9, C. S. Lewis writes: In certain old philosophers and poets he had read that the mere sight of the devils was one of the greatest among the torments of Hell. Elsewhere in ...
4
votes
2answers
211 views

What's the level of the teaching that we can't be sure someone is in Hell?

As far as I know, according to Catholic doctrine we can't be sure that any particular soul is in Hell. I understand the reasons (one can repent in the last moment, which is not observable by others), ...
7
votes
1answer
375 views

What are the different views on the nature of 'hellfire'?

Fire as understood by physical humans consumes and destroys the fuel that it ignites and then goes out. The unredeemed soul is what many religions teach will be tormented eternally in fire of hell. ...
1
vote
2answers
583 views

Why do Catholics teach that Catholics go to hell if they die in a state of mortal sin, but teach some Protestants may go to Purgatory/Heaven?

I have heard, according to Roman Catholic professors and dogma, that if we die with a mortal sin on our soul we will go to hell. However, didn't Pope Benedict XVI say that Protestants can achieve ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the origin of the belief that Satan tortures the unsaved in Hell?

There's a thought that Satan (the devil) tortures the unsaved in Hell. For example, a brief search revealed a website wherein a member posted the following: I think of Satan more of a psycopath ...
5
votes
3answers
894 views

Where does the Scripture say that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace in order to go to Heaven?

If I am correct, the Catholic Church teaches that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace at the moment of your death if you wish to go to Heaven. If you are not, then you are automatically ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Do Orthodox believe the eternal fire is related to the uncreated light?

I have been reading Welcome to the Orthodox Church by Frederica Mathewes-Green. She points out that, at the time of the writing of Scripture, artificial lighting hadn't been invented and therefore any ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

What does “to appeal from the Hell” mean?

I'm new on this site of Stack Exhcange. As a non-native speaker, I've been asking questions on ELL and ELU. However, I thought this might be related with religion (in this case, of course, ...