Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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Is this a Calvinistic or Arminian statement of faith?

We believe in the Holy Trinity consisting of God the Father, Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son, and the Holy Spirit. We believe this triune God to be perfect in every way and worthy of our complete ...
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Whose is the 'grace of God that bringeth salvation' ? (Titus 2:11)

This question is in the context of Protestant Trinitarianism. There are two schools of thought within Protestant Trinitarianism : one, founded mainly in the Westminster Confession (or Savoy ...
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Is the Pope the Antichrist or the spirit of the Antichrist?

According to reformed theology, in the Savoy Declaration of Faith, Chapter 26 (Of the Church), paragraph 4, the Pope is the Antichrist. There is no other Head of the Church but the Lord Jesus Christ; ...
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Do Reformed theologians understand the Catholic Church and the Papacy to have been true heirs of Peter until the Reformation?

In other words, say, in the fourth century, were they "on track" and the legitimate heirs of the reins of Christianity, so to speak but then went off track toward the middle ages? Or do they ...
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What did the early church fathers have to say about “eternal security” or “assurance of salvation”

I am trying to find out what the early church fathers had to say about “eternal security” or “assurance of salvation”. By that, I refer to the following Bible verses: To Him who is able to keep you ...
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Do ghosts exist or not? [duplicate]

What is the view of reformed churches on the subject of ghosts? Do they exist or do they not? If they exist, what are they: demons or spirits of dead people or both?
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What does Sinclair Ferguson (a reformed theologian) mean by a 'new identity'?

I watched some of the Youtube recordings of lectures given by Sinclair Ferguson and I am now uncertain which one it was in which he stated that in Colossians we see that 'we are given a new identity'. ...
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What is the difference between Arminianism, Molinism, and Calvinism?

I know the basic difference between Arminianism and Calvinism in the soteriology subject, but when Molinism comes I can't grasp the core doctrines that it teaches. I'm not asking for which is better, ...
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Who first came up with the “four attributes of Scripture”?

There's a lot written about the "four attributes of Scripture", meaning it's "Sufficient, Necessary, Authoritative and Perspicuous". On the other hand, most sources (like this one) ...
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What is the earliest claim that Jesus Christ kept the law of Moses on behalf of others?

J N Darby and William Kelly, those responsible for the Plymouth Brethren movement in the mid to late 1800s, did not accept the concept that, during his earthly life, Jesus Christ kept the law on ...
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Why Many Who Believe That “All Are Born Sinful” Hold That “None Are Born Gay Or Trans”?

Many Protestants, though not technically or officially Reformed, are nevertheless strongly influenced by Calvinistic theology; as such, they espouse the doctrine of total depravity, teaching that all ...
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Christ 'made' sin - the Reformed, Protestant view?

Following on from both of the two recent questions regarding the inheritance or transmission of 'original' or 'inbred' sin, from generation to generation, I am interested in the Trinitarian, ...
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Where is Jesus' body now?

In Acts 1 we're told: After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two ...
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How do Reformed Protestants interpret Matthew 18:18?

How do Reformed Protestants interpret Matthew 18:18? Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. - Matthew 18:...
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In the Reformed tradition, can an elect expect progressive recovery of reason, emotion, and will before death?

Reformed tradition teaches that human beings are totally depraved, and cannot even come to faith without God's assistance. Their reason rejects God's supremacy, their will refuses God's invitation, ...
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Is ”sola scriptura” the first appeal of “Ecclesia Reformata, Semper Reformanda?”

"Sola scriptura" & "Ecclesia Reformata, Semper Reformanda" (a church reformed and always to be reformed according to the Word of God) are the "two mottos" among others, from the early church and ...
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Why the word “REgenerate” according to the Calvinist?

I've search in the internet : RE- a prefix, occurring originally in loanwords from Latin, used with the meaning “again” or “again and again” to indicate repetition, or with the meaning “back” ...
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Did 17th century Reformed Christians reject textual criticism?

The Westminster Confession says the following: WCF 1.8: The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old), and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of ...
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In what sense do faith and hope remain?

In 1 Corinthians 13, the Apostle Paul discusses various different spiritual gift, explaining that most of them will be redundant in the New Creation, and therefore "fade away". He concludes his ...
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God's foreknowledge according to the Calvinist?

I read from this link-1 Romans 8:29 means that God “fore-loved” certain people, and predestinated them And from this link-2 1 Peter 1:20 says Christ was "foreknown before the foundation of ...
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Eschatology: Reformed and Roman Catholic?

I've heard that both Reformed and Roman Catholic eschatologies have Augustine as a major foundation. True?
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In what sense are angels elect?

In 1 Timothy 5:21 we read: I charge you, in the sight of God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels, to keep these instructions without partiality, and to do nothing out of favoritism. 1 Timothy 5:...
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In Hebrew 5:9, what changed about the Son's perfection?

In the book of Hebrews, we read: 8 Son though he was, he learned obedience from what he suffered 9 and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him 10 and was ...
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Is the root of salvation correctly summed up as “Be saved and repent!” or should it be “Repent and be saved!”?

In the article below, the phrase "Be saved and repent!" was endorsed. I wish to know what a Reformed Protestant view would be on this. The context for the phrase is this: The editor wrote an article ...
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How are Regeneration, Faith, and Union with Christ ordered in Reformed Theology?

In the Reformed Ordo Salutis, or order of salvation, how are Regeneration, Faith, and Union with Christ ordered? (Note that the order of salvation is a logical order, not temporal, and the believer ...
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Does Reformed Theology teach that Old Testament saints were personally united to Christ?

Union with Christ is a central doctrine in Reformed Theology, and concerns the mystical union of the believer with Christ, by faith and by the Holy Spirit. In faith the Spirit unites us to Christ, and ...
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Calvinism vs Independent Fundamental Baptist

I would like to know how does Calvinism differ from Independent Fundamental Baptist teachings. If someone can point main differences in a form of points (f.e. 1st point, 2nd point and so on for ...
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How do Calvinists understand the argument that only the Ephesian church were elect in the context of Ephesians?

I was talking to an individual and he told me that the Calvinist premise that we were elect before the creation of the world is false because the verse in Ephesians 1 is taken out of context. He said ...
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How do reformed theologians reconcile John 15:2 with “once saved always saved"?

Every branch in me (εν έμοι ) that beareth not fruit, he taketh it away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he [the Father, v1] cleanseth it, that it may bear more fruit. (John 15:2, ASV) Some ...
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In the Sanctification stage (Reformed perspective) are believers truly becoming more like Christ (“infusion” not imputed)?

Believers who have been born again (regenerated) should have the desire to be conformed to Christ completely and should mourn when we find out that there are sins STILL to repent during the walk in ...
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Did the authors of the Westminster Confession of Faith ever explain why they thought God could not be the author of sin?

Ch3 of the W.C.of F. says "neither is God the author of sin". One can make something which is entirely different from oneself. e.g. if someone makes a cake they do not become a cake themselves. ...
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What are the core beliefs of Presbyterianism? How does it differ and compare to other denominations of reformed Protestantism?

I have never thought of myself as being overtly religious ever in my life (in high school). I have never gone to church, but what I am now realizing is that I have been raised (more or less) as a ...
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How do Calvinists interpret Acts 7:51 in light of the doctrine of 'irresistible grace?'

In light of the doctrine of irresistable grace, how do Calvinists interpret Acts 7:51? Acts 7:51 (DRB) You stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Ghost: as your ...
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According to the Calvinist, why “believe” if something is known absolutely true?

From this link: Christians have said Scripture is infallible because they have believed that God’s Word is incapable of erring and thus contains no errors The above sentences maybe to everyone ...
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Are all the elect are raptured before the Tribulation, according to the Calvinist?

From this link: It seems inconsistent for God to promise believers that they will not suffer wrath and then leave them on the earth to suffer through the wrath of the tribulation If the ...
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Perseverance of the elects ---vs— blasphemy against the Spirit according to Calvinist?

I am in the middle of discussion with a Calvinist friend. He said that the Elect will be forgiven and never lose his salvation. Some verses which I thought the verses are showing that to the one ...
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1 John 3:20 what does it mean “He knows everything” according to Calvinist Single Predestination?

This question as a continuation of my question here, because the question before is not "tight". 1 John 3:20 For God is greater than our hearts, and He knows everything. Trying to put my ...
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What do Calvinists teach about the Election of mankind? Is it before or after the Creation?

From this link: Calvin also reminds us that Paul states that the love God had for us before the creation of the world had always been founded in Christ From this link: Calvinists believe that ...
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Romans 11:32 according to Calvinist?

Romans 11:32 For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all Is the "everyone" including Adam and Eve before they are created ?
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How is God's Predestination according to Calvinist?

I've just read from this link, an explanation by John Piper : Nobody is in hell that doesn't deserve to be there and isn't in active rebellion to God Because my own interpretation that Total ...
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Do fallen angels know and understand the Bible according to the Calvinist?

What I mean "know and understand" for example: this angel knows about TULIP?
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Do the reformed theology adherents believe that a believer should not “converse with” or “pray to” or worship the Holy Spirit?

I was in a Reformed house church and heard them making a statement of faith after the meeting. In that, they wrote that only the Father and the Son are to be worshipped and prayed to. They believed ...
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Is it possible to reconcile Owen's trilemma with salvation by faith?

John Owen's "trilemma" argument is often used as a defense for Limited Atonement, but it appears to have an underlying difficulty: To which I may add this dilemma to our universalists: God ...
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Is fencing the Lord's Table (in reformed traditions) to include only believers who are members of a church biblical? [closed]

For the last decade or so, I have attended churches that fenced the communion table in a guarded way, opening it only to members of Gospel-believing churches in good standing. This did not bother me ...
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Sin Nature and the Sarx, how can Jesus be sinless if all flesh is evil

Someone asked about sin nature and the answer they were given was that the word Sarx was translated as sin nature? In Greek Sarx just means flesh. So if Jesus came in the Sarx and was sinless how is ...
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How do the reformed theologians understand Hebrews 3:14?

How do the reformed theologians understand Hebrews 3:14 For we have come to share in Christ, if indeed we hold our original confidence firm to the end. ( ESV ) ? Does it not imply that we can ...
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Does R.C. Sproul elaborate on his position regarding images of Christ?

In discussions of theologians who take the continental Reformed view of the 2nd commandment (as opposed to the Westminster / Puritan view), people often point out this brief quote by R.C. Sproul: ...
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According to Calvinism, what should one do if one doubts their election?

What does the reformed church teach in terms of what to do, or pray for, if one begins to suspect that they are not predestined for salvation. And if they are in fact not elected by God, does the ...
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According to Thomas A. Bailey what does “stark but reassuring order in the divine plan” mean? [closed]

I am reading “The American Pageant” by Thomas A. Bailey https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_A._Bailey. Bailey has given a short introduction of Calvinism. Calvin argued, was all- powerful and all-...
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Doesn't Calvinism turn God into a monster? [duplicate]

Another question was posted about Calvinism that asked, "Does God force people to be saved?" The consensus, was that yes, He does. But the question then becomes, "Does God force people to go to ...

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