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Paul's letter to Romans

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Why does Romans 5:19 say “many” instead of “all”? (Overview) [closed]

By one man’s disobedience many were made sinners Rom 5:19 Why does it not say "all" but "many"? Because the previous verse says: By the offence of one judgment came upon all men to ...
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The word “raised” in Romans 9:17-18 and Exodus 9:16?

NIV - Romans 9:17 (17) For Scripture says to Pharaoh: "I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth. (18a)...
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How do Lutherns and Reformers explain when God's Preceptive Will goes against His Decretive Will?

Is there any insight to understand how God Himself doesn't wish any to fall away (His preceptive will) and the fact that His decretive will states that some will? Further, Zachariah and Romans speak ...
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200 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Paul's apparent equating of Yahweh and Jesus in Romans 10?

Recently I was listening to a lecture by Reformed theologian Robert Cara, in which he mentioned how frequently NT writers connect and apply OT Yahweh references to Jesus. A number of examples could ...
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1answer
131 views

How do Arminians interpret God's reserving of a remnant in Romans 11:4?

Much has been written about Romans 9 and the differing Calvinist/Arminian interpretations of it. However, Arminians (and I consider myself an Arminian) usually argue that, read in context with the ...
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2answers
57 views

What does the 'will' of St. Paul mean? [closed]

In Rom. 7:18 is stated: "For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not." Does this mean that ...
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1answer
161 views

Do any Protestants teach that everyone really knows God according to Romans 1:21?

For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. (Romans 1:21, English Standard ...
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3answers
157 views

Does faith cometh by hearing only as alluded to in Romans 10:17?

(KJV) Romans 10:17 17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. It seems Paul alludes to faith cometh by hearing the word of God,but in several instances in bible(Hebrews 4:...
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337 views

Romans 6:5 and “Where's Wolfius?”

In order to better understand Romans 6:5, I've been doing a word study of the Greek word σύμφυτος (sumphutos), traditionally translated "planted together" or "united with". Commentators usually point ...
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45 views

In light of Romans 3:23, how do Catholics support their belief that Mary was without sin? [duplicate]

The Catholic Church says that Mary was sinless. How do they reconcile this view with verses such as Romans 3:23? For there is no distinction: for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God....
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1answer
152 views

Who first understood the “authorities” in Romans 13 as spiritual, not secular, authorities?

In his forthcoming book, Freedom's Progress, libertarian Gerard Casey describes several different ways of interpreting and applying Romans 13:1–7. One approach in particular I had never encountered ...
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251 views

How do Catholics interpret Romans 10:9-13?

How does the Roman Catholic church interpret the simplicity of Romans 10:9-13? Romans 10:9-13 9 If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from ...
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1answer
193 views

To the Calvinist, is Romans 9:21 potter story based on Jeremiah 18:4?

My Calvinist friend gave me Romans 9:21 and Jeremiah 18:4 to support his view that each individual since was born already either the object of His wrath or the object of His mercy. After I read ...
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2answers
140 views

Mark and Romans: are these the same Rufus?

In Mark 15:21 (KJV), the account reads: And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. In Romans 16:13 (KJV), ...
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236 views

What does Paul mean when he says “rather we uphold the law”

Romans 3 talks about how we are saved by faith apart from works & the law. At Romans 3:31 Paul tells us: Do we then nullify the law by this faith? Not at all! Rather we uphold the law. From ...
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1answer
120 views

To the Calvinist, what does it mean that in the beginning God already has His object of wrath?

I have a Calvinist friend who told me that before the creation, God already knows the objects of His wrath. (I'm not a Christian). I question him "the objects of His wrath" is in a point of view in ...
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2answers
129 views

According to the LDS faith, if our spirits lived with God before this life, why is spiritual birth during life on earth required?

I am a member of the LDS faith, and based on the belief that our spirits lived with God before this life, then why is spiritual birth ("Being Born of the Spirit") during life on earth required? Based ...
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2answers
595 views

What do “sin” and “death” mean in Romans 5:12?

Romans 5:12 NASB Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned— In my country's language, the word "sinned"...
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457 views

In Romans 16:7, are Andronicus and Junia apostles? AND… is Junia a woman? How did the Church Fathers interpret this? [closed]

In Romans 16:7, are Andronicus and Junia apostles? AND... is Junia a woman? Greet Andronicus and Junia, my relatives who were in prison with me; they are prominent among the apostles, and they ...
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1answer
265 views

Is the type of love shared between all heavenly members an affectionate brotherly love mentioned in the Bible? (Catholic perspective)

Does the Catholic Church teach that the type of love shared between all heavenly members is an affectionate brotherly love mentioned in the Bible, for example, in Romans 12:10 and 2 Peter 1:5-7? ...
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3answers
131 views

Was Jesus in unity with the Holy Spirit? [closed]

I read this scripture: Matthew 10:5 New International Version These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: "Do not go among the Gentiles or enter any town of the Samaritans. ...
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1answer
174 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of Romans 14:5?

Romans 14:5 One person considers one day more sacred than another; another considers every day alike. Each of them should be fully convinced in their own mind. What is the Catholic interpretation ...
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3answers
5k views

Which tribe did Paul belong to?

I came across below two verses when I am reading through my bible(Telugu language). To me, these two statements seem to contradict each other: Acts 21: 29 But Paul said, "I am a man who am a ...
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Is Romans 1:26 a condemnation of homosexuals or the sin of lust? [closed]

God gave them up to dishonorable passions. Their women exchanged natural relations for unnatural and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one ...
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441 views

How do Catholics reconcile the Immaculate Conception with Romans 3:23?

How do Catholics reconcile the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception with what it says in Romans 3:23 about all having sinned and falling short of the glory of God? Romans 3:23 NIV for all have ...
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1answer
238 views

In the tradition of Jehovah's Witnesses, does Romans 6:23 mean that all people who are resurrected have their sins blotted out?

Since the Bible itself says there is to be a resurrection of the good and bad (Acts 24:15) how do Jehovah's Witnesses explain their position that death blots out the sins of all? If death blots out ...
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1answer
112 views

Do Evangelical Christians interpret James 1:2 and Romans 5:3 to mean that we should enjoy our problems?

Consider it pure joy, my brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of many kinds, James 1:2 (NIV) We can rejoice, too, when we run into problems and trials, for we know that they help ...
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1answer
370 views

Who is the John Owen that translated Calvin's Commentary on Romans?

I'm reading John Calvin's commentary on Romans, in English, and it has this inscription on the title page: "Translated and Edited by the Rev. John Owen." Oh, wow, I thought, That's interesting; John ...
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2answers
5k views

What is meant by the “fullness of the Gentiles” or the “times of the Gentiles”?

In Luke 21:24, Jesus speaks of future events, including the destruction of Jerusalem and His return, saying: “Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles ...
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814 views

What is an overview of interpretations of “all Israel will be saved” in Romans 11:26? (Catholic/Protestant overview)

The phrase "all Israel" in Romans 11:25–26 has been a source a significant disagreement in church history, particularly since the Reformation: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want ...
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267 views

How is “every man be fully persuaded in his own mind” not contradictory to the “narrow is the way leading to life”? [closed]

The following verses seem to imply that Paul was liberal when it came to the believers' practice of their faith in the Lord: One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day ...
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175 views

In Romans 3:1-8, what is God being faithful towards?

Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? Much, in every way. For in the first place the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. What if some were unfaithful? Will ...
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Who does Paul consider to be “Saints” in Romans 1:7?

I am not a Roman Catholic. In my understanding of Roman Catholicism, the term "saints" is not applied to all believers. It's applied to a subset of believers who have performed some miracle or great ...
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1answer
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What is an overview of how Christian commentators have explained rulers to be a terror to bad conduct?

Paul writes in Romans 13: For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. (Romans 13:3a ESV) If we interpret it as referring to all rulers at all times this statement does not seem to ...
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164 views

How do we know that death has no mastery over Christ?

Romans 6:9 says: For we know that since Christ was raised from the dead, he cannot die again; death no longer has mastery over him. The logic here says that since Christ died and was risen, now he ...
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493 views

How do non-Reformed Theologians interpret Romans 9:11-23?

Romans 9:11-23 is often used by Reformed Theologians to support the idea that God created part of the human race for salvation and the other part for damnation. How do those who are not Reformed (i.e....
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1answer
896 views

Is idolatry the main cause of homosexuality? [closed]

Is idolatry the main cause of homosexuality? How do prominent theologians interpret Romans 1:24-25? For example, St. Thomas Aquinas treats the causality of homosexuality in his exegesis of Romans 1:24:...
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1answer
509 views

Why did Luther add the word 'alone' to Romans 3:28? [duplicate]

Luther added the German word "allein" (alone) to Romans 3:28 despite the fact that it is not in the Greek texts. Why did Luther add the word 'alone' to Romans 3:28? So halten wir nun dafür, daß der ...
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359 views

What if Israel had accepted Jesus as their Lord? (Catholic perspective)

Reading Romans 11:11-12 Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious. 12 But if ...
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How do Seventh Day Adventists interpret Romans 14:5?

In the same way, some think one day is more holy than another day, while others think every day is alike. You should each be fully convinced that whichever day you choose is acceptable. ‭Romans‬ ...
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4answers
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Does God ever impute sin?

"Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin." (Romans 4:8; KJV) The word impute means roughly "to put into" or "to give". We are saved because of Jesus' imputed righteousness. What does ...
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Why aren't other religions welcome to heaven as well as subject to hell? [closed]

I am a little confused by some scripture and how I see it being interpreted by some Christians. When I read Romans the way I see it is that if you believe in a higher power, are grateful and ...
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How does dispensationalism reconcile Romans 11?

From my understanding of dispensationalism, at some point in the future, I believe either prior to or just after the rapture, the temple on Moriah will need to be rebuilt. However, presumably, the ...
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Was Phoebe a deacon?

Was Phoebe a deacon? The NIV/NLT translators seem to think deacon: Romans 16:1 (NIV) I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. Furthermore, when I read the ...
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3answers
659 views

Does “all Israel shall be saved” mean that all Jews, even those who die in their sins, will be saved? [duplicate]

I am confused by the statement that Paul makes in Romans 11:26, where he explains that all Israel shall be saved. My church believes that if you die in your sins, there is no further hope for you. ...
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3answers
4k views

What does Romans 11:32 mean? [closed]

For God has imprisoned everyone in disobedience so he could have mercy on everyone. NLT Does this scripture mean that God made everyone disobedient just to have mercy on us?
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3k views

In Romans 7 is Paul talking about before or after he was saved?

In Romans 7:15 Paul said "For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I." and in Romans 7:11 Paul said "For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, ...
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532 views

Was Pilate also the father of the son who was healed by Jesus in John 4?

I am new to Christianity, but I have read the Gospel of John and have watched a movie about Jesus. Was the Pilate in John 18:28 the same man whose son Jesus healed in John 4:46?
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What does Romans 13:13,14 mean by “behave decently, as in the daytime”?

Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. Rather, clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus ...
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5k views

Who were the intended audience in the Epistle to Romans?

Romans 1:7 (ESV) To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Who were the members of the Church ...