Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

referring to the process or moment in which an individual's sins are forgiven - distinct from sanctification, in that the latter refers to the process or moment in which a person is made fit for standing in front of a holy God

4
votes
1answer
112 views

Was Martin Luther known to have read the First Epistle of Clement?

The First Epistle of Clement is an early Christian document that was commonly circulated in the early church before being rejected as part of the New Testament canon. There is a passage in it that ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Does modern protestantism have any deviations from sola fide?

I have read that modern protestantism on one hand, and catholicism on the other, tended to abridge their historical differences. Are there any cases in modern protestantism where justification can ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

How do Protestants interpret “covers a multitude of sins” (James 5:19)?

In the New Testament, in James 5:19-20, we read: My brethren, if anyone one of you strays from the way of truth, and someone turns him back, let him know that whoever turns back a sinner from the ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

Calvinists: How to avoid justification from eternity?

I'm having trouble understanding how Calvinists avoid the doctrine of justification from eternity, which roughly states that the elect are justified either before the creation of the world or at the ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

The name and origin of the doctrine of justification by restructuring the narrative [duplicate]

See the example of the candlesticks from Les Mis. See also Gen 20:60 ...you meant it for evil, but God meant it for good. Can someone tell me the name and origin of this theological concept? ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

If Christ took our sins on him, why do we still need an imputation of God's righteousness on us? [closed]

I always thought that the imputation of our sins on Jesus so that we are free from sin is what justified us. But according to several passages in the Bible (What is the biblical basis for the ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Are there passages in the synoptic gospels that could be used to support faith alone? [duplicate]

I am wondering if there passages in the synoptic gospels that could be used to support faith alone? I know there are some which seem to be in contrast to faith alone like the sheep and the goats.
9
votes
3answers
434 views

What is the protestant apologetic for James' explicit statement that we are justified by works?

James 2:24, RSVC2E: You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone. Many times I've heard Protestants claim that James isn't really saying what he appears to be saying here. They ...
11
votes
4answers
733 views

How does repentance fit into the doctrine of sola fide (“by faith alone”)?

Sola fide (Latin for "by faith alone") is a defining doctrine of Protestantism. Wikipedia defines it as follows: The doctrine of sola fide asserts God's pardon for guilty sinners is granted to and ...
8
votes
0answers
79 views

What is the basis for Lombard's view that the basis of justification for OT men was different than for OT women?

While reading J. V. Fesko's The Theology of the Westminster Standards, I found an interesting tidbit in the context of his discussion of justification in Reformed theology: Medieval theologians ...
4
votes
2answers
314 views

Do Lutherans define Justification and Atonement as different things?

I was considering the doctrine of Lutheran Unlimited/Universal Atonement, which says Christ died for everyone's sins. However, the fact stands that not all people go to heaven – thus not all people's ...
1
vote
1answer
254 views

What is the biblical basis for the imputation of Christ's righteousness to believers?

In Christendom as a whole, and within evangelicalism and Reformed theology more specifically, one of the controversial aspects of the doctrine of justification is the imputation of the righteousness ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify?

According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify? Or is Christ, faith, and the New Law necessary to justify even those who lived before Christ?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Swedenborgian View)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation, and that in Paul's letters being justified is proclaimed to be of importance. ...
4
votes
1answer
913 views

What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Reformed point of view)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation from a variety of perspectives and analogies, but also I find that in Paul's ...
8
votes
2answers
385 views

What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Orthodox/Greek/Eastern View)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation, and that in Paul's letters being justified is proclaimed to be of importance. ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

How were the old saints justified under the law? (Catholic and Protestant views) [closed]

How were the old saints like Moses and the prophets justified under the law? Were they justified by keeping the law? What is an overview of Catholic and Protestant views on this? Explain with Biblical ...
4
votes
2answers
326 views

What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Roman Catholic view)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation; in the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church, the Bible is (among other ...
4
votes
3answers
582 views

How could Adam and Eve lose their just standing before God if it was given to them as a Grace and not earned?

I have often heard pastors, internet preachers especially, repeat that, "We did nothing to earn our salvation and there is nothing that we can do to lose it" or something to that effect. These are ...
6
votes
3answers
203 views

Who first explicitly understood “works of the law” in Galatians 3:10 as referring to only the ritual law, and not the Mosaic law generally?

One of the key verses used to defend the Protestant doctrine of justification by faith alone is Galatians 3:10: For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be ...
12
votes
4answers
595 views

In the NPP, if Paul's “works of the law” are only circumcision and diet, how is Galatians 3:10 interpreted?

One of the implications of the New Perspective on Paul (NPP), as I understand it, is that Paul's teachings regarding the "works of the law" (in Galatians 2:16, for example) are meant to refer only to "...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

How is it just that Jesus, an innocent, would be punished for our sins?

From the perspective that Jesus' suffering on the cross was in fact a punishment for our sins, how is punishing an innocent (Jesus) for the sinners justified? Jesus was innocent but the people were ...
4
votes
2answers
295 views

Have Catholic views on Grace and Justification changed?

At the council of Trent, the Catholic Church made several statements which seemingly reject the idea of Sola Gratia - Salvation by Grace alone. Examples include If anyone says that the justice ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How are justification and sanctification related to salvation?

Among Evangelicals there are subtle differences in emphasis on how justification relates to sanctification (e.g., Ordo Salutis vs. Historia Salutis).1 My question is not about those subtle differences....
2
votes
6answers
804 views

Is salvation acheived by faith alone, or does it in fact require some works?

I was raised a Lutheran, and am looking for an answer from someone (like a Lutheran) who believes in salvation by grace alone (by faith alone, etc.). I still believe in salvation by faith alone ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Why is dividing 'event' versus 'process' driven views of justification important to separate Catholic and Protestant theology?

In studying Roman Catholic theology it took me so so long before it dawned on me that justification is not viewed as an event as it is in Protestant theology. Why is this single concept so critical in ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Does traditional Calvinistic monergism include limited synergism in the doctrine of justification?

I found an article Regeneration precedes faith by R.C. Sproul that could imply there is no synergism at all in justification. In other words no part of the human will involved in believing? It is ...
4
votes
3answers
135 views

How does the gospel turn justice into a defender of the guilty?

Usually we think of God's justice as his perfect judgment in punishing sin and dispensing equity along perfect scales of measurement. However as we were born in sin, justice is essentially something ...
8
votes
4answers
280 views

According to a ‘forgiveness in Christ alone’ framework how did ‘sin offerings’ make atonement for sin under the Mosaic Law?

How did the old ceremonial sacrifices made atonement? What was really going on externally and internally to the person who brought the ‘sin offering’ to God? What did it mean that their ‘sins were ...
11
votes
2answers
33k views

When and how did Martin Luther arrive at the justification by faith?

When and how did Martin Luther arrive at the justification by faith teaching? Was it something that he came up with as a result of his stance against the indulgences and later against the Pope, or did ...
8
votes
4answers
677 views

If justification is an event, when does it happen?

Lutherans, Methodists, and Calvinists believe that justification is an event (as opposed to the Roman Catholic church and the Orthodox church who believe it is a process). If justification is an event,...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How do Christians justify their belief and how do they convince others of their belief? [closed]

First of all, I assume that everybody should have some sort of justification for his beliefs. Secondly, I assume that Christians are interested in convincing others to join them as evangelisation ...
10
votes
5answers
915 views

How do Roman Catholics understand salvation in light of Romans 3&4?

As far as I can understand it, Paul directly contradicts the Roman Catholic doctrine of salvation in Romans 3 & 4 (see verses 3:21-22, 3:28, 4:4-6 in particular, but I'm referring to the broad ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the difference between justification and sanctification?

Christians use the terms justification and sanctification a lot, but it's not always clear where one concept leaves off and the other picks up. What do Protestants generally say is the difference ...
16
votes
5answers
951 views

What is the verdict on an unjust judge? [closed]

In order to ask this, let me set a stage. This is just a scenario that will be recast in a second. As Christians we believe that God is good. We trumpet his justice, rightness, holiness, and so on ...