Questions tagged [persons-of-the-trinity]

The persons, or "hypostases," of the Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

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The Aseity or Lack Thereof of the Son and the Holy Spirit with the Assumption of Classical Trinitarianism

Assuming Trinitarianism and the eternal generation and eternal procession of the Son and the Holy Spirit respectively to be true, do the Son and the Holy Spirit possess the attribute of aseity? If so, ...
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How do Trinitarians understand the phrase 'image of God' as in Colossians 1:15?

Colossians 1:15-20 is often cited by Trinitarians as evidence that Jesus is God, because they tend to believe it is describing Jesus as creating all thing and holding all things together in an ...
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According to Trinitarians, can beings other than God take on other natures?

The standard Trinitarian position is that a 'person' of the Triune God 'took on' or 'added' a human nature. So once that occurs, this person has both a fully human and a fully divine nature. This ...
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Do any living, Reformed authors interpret ‘the life the eternal’ as anything other than an expression of the eternal Sonship of the Lord Jesus Christ?

My header question had to be curtailed - this is my question in full : Do any living authors of Reformed, Protestant, Trinitarian systematic theologies interpret ‘the life the eternal’ (1 John 1:2) as ...
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According to Trinitarians, can a Person of the Trinity add a new nature whenever He wants to?

According to Trinitarians, the Second Person of the Trinity 'assumed' or 'took on' a human nature at incarnation. Do Trinitarians hold that the Second Person of the Trinity (or any Persons) can ...
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In Trinitarian theologies, which nature is subservient to the Father?

In Trinitarian theology, when Jesus uttered the following words that indicate his subservience to the Father, which nature was Jesus "accessing" / "operating in": his divine nature,...
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According to Trinitarian theology, does God the Father have a God?

Jesus and New Testament authors repeatedly apparently talk about the Father as Jesus' God. This Biblical Unitarian article collects some examples: Ephesians 1:17 I keep asking that the God of our ...
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According to Trinitarians, when the term Yahweh ('LORD') is used in the OT, who exactly is being referred to?

According to Unitarian Christians, the identity of Yahweh is straightforward. Yahweh = the Father = God. Therefore, linguistic usage in the OT is fairly straightforward. Whenever Yahweh ('LORD') is ...
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Do non-Social Trinitarians believe that "begotten" and "proceeding" are different?

(To clarify, I am asking about Nicene-affirming Trinitarians, just ones that don't accept intra-Godhead emotions) In the Nicene creed, Jesus is described as: begotten of the Father While the Holy ...
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Why do Trinitarians call the Father, the Father?

Trinitarians believe that God exists as three distinct but equal persons (yes, I'm simplifying), known as the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. They also believe that Mary was impregnated by the Holy ...
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What is the direct Biblical basis for the Son pre-existing eternally? [duplicate]

One key idea in contemporary Trinitarianism is the idea that the Son is eternal. This is required to have 3 co-equal persons (if the Son is not eternal, He is not equal to the Father). Some try to ...
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According to Trinitarians, in John 1 is Jesus both the Word and the Light, and if so how do we make sense of John 1's wording?

In John 1, Trinitarians hold that Jesus ('the Son') is to be identified with the Word (logos) that is introduced at John 1:1. A little later on, using a typical Trinitarian translation (BSB), you have ...
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According to Trinitarianism, is God - strictly speaking - a person?

Perhaps Trinitarianism's most defining feature is the idea of God being '3 persons'. Typically this is described as '3 persons in 1 substance'. Yet some say God is a person, such as Is God a person? ...
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According to Trinitarians, what is the correct personal pronoun to refer to the person who is the Holy Spirit? [duplicate]

Trinitarians hold that God is One but 3 persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Referring to the Father or the Son as 'He' is pretty straightforward. What pronoun do Trinitarians hold is ...
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What is the reasoning given by Trinitarians for using 'He' instead of 'It' to refer to God, inclusive of 3 persons? [duplicate]

The plain meaning of 'He' is one person. Similar with 'I'. Trinitarians seem to accept that referring to God, inclusive of 3 persons, as 'He' is appropriate. The view of Trinitarianism is that God is ...
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According to Trinitarians, why didn't Jesus correct the scribe's use of 'Him' at Mark 12:32-33?

Mark 12:28-34 contains a back-and-forth between Jesus and a scribe. 28 Now one of the scribes had come up and heard their debate. Noticing how well Jesus had answered them, he asked Him, “Which ...
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Did Jesus exist before his life, and if not could the Trinity be added to?

I take it to be Christian theology that Jesus was incarnate at His annunciation, leading the duopoly of God The Father, and The Holy Spirit to be added to and become a Trinity. Is that the limit and ...
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From a non-Trinitarian perspective, how would you show that the Bible does not teach that the Son is equal with the Father?

See below for a more precise definition of the question. Two Views among Evangelicals Ted Peters says that if anything, contemporary mainline Protestant and Roman Catholic trinitarian thinking is “...
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Should homoousion in the Nicene Creed be translated as "same substance" or as “one substance?”

Literally, homoousion means "same substance" from homos (same) and ousia (essence) (The Free Dictionary). But it is often translated as “one substance” (e.g., Merriam-Webster). The word “...
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How can you explain Matthew 24:36? [duplicate]

Matthew 24:36 (NIV) But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. I am aware that Jesus does not know the time of the final judgement in ...
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What is the standard term for views that aren't Unitarian?

When talking about views that aren't Trinitarian (such as LDS, JW, Christian Science, and so on) people often use the term 'Non-Trinitarian'. Is there a standard term for views that are 'Non-Unitarian'...
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Is there a specific term to denote an encounter with the Holy Spirit?

Encounters with God (the Father) are called Theophanies, encounters with Jesus are called Christophanies, but what about encounters with the Holy Spirit? Is there a specific term for an encounter with ...
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Absolute Divine Simplicity (ADS) and the Trinity

Though apparent, the framework of the Triune Godhead appears logically incoherent in juxtaposition to the Absolute Divine Simplicity model. Looking through the works of Thomas Aquinas, who is the most ...
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who independently discovered the doctrine of the Trinity on their own by just reading the Bible?

How likely is it for a person, who has never heard of the concept of the Trinity before, to discover Trinitarianism, independently, on their own, by just reading the Bible? Are there any published ...
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
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Should the phrase "God from God" in the Nicene Creed be translated as "god from god"?

I previously posted the question: I understand the word theos may be translated as "God" or as "god." Bible writers added words (the, true, only, or one) to indicate the Almighty. ...
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What does the Chalcedonian Creed mean by person?

The creed says: the distinction of natures being by no means taken away by the union, but rather the property of each nature being preserved, and concurring in one Person and one Subsistence, not ...
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According to Trinitarians, is Jesus the begotten Son of God the Father, or the begotten Son of God?

A typical translation of a line from the Nicene Creed from the First Council of Constantinople (381) is "And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father" ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT affirmation of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

I have two very related questions: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous affirmation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, distinct from the Father and the Son, in the ...
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How do Trinitarians deal with imbalances in their relationship with each Person of the Trinity?

This is a practical question. According to Trinitarianism, three distinct Persons form the Godhead: the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. In principle, they are all just one God, but in practice ...
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2 votes
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Do Biblical Unitarians consider worshiping Jesus and/or the Holy Spirit as God to be idolatry?

Many Christians believe that Jesus is God (it's just a matter of realizing how widespread trinitarianism is, for example). However, there are Christians that go one step further and act on this belief,...
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How do Unitarians interpret the Great Commission (Matthew 28:16-20)

When Jesus told His disciples to baptize in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, I think that those who believe that God is a Trinity of Divine Persons see this as one God and ...
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When Christians say "the Lord" in everyday speech, do they mean Jesus or the Father?

It's very common to hear Christians say "Lord" or "the Lord" in different contexts: everyday conversations, prayer, testimonies, sermons, etc. Some example sentences that come to ...
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What is the biblical basis for praying to the Holy Spirit?

There is a question about praying to Jesus already, but I noticed there is no question about praying to the Holy Spirit. What is the biblical basis for praying to the third person of the trinity?
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What is the biblical basis for switching between the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit as recipients during prayer?

I've noticed that some Christians seem to switch the recipient of their prayer as they pray. For example, they may begin their prayer by addressing the Father, but at some point they suddenly switch ...
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Is there a Christian denomination that only considers the Son and the Father to be persons of God? [duplicate]

Is there a Christian denomination that holds only the Son and the Father as persons of God? (Only two persons) -- as opposed to Trinitarianism and Unitarianism. Has it been upheld by anyone in ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the personhood of the Holy Spirit? Is it a new revelation? [duplicate]

I worship in a Pentecostal Church, where the Holy Spirit is endorsed. Whenever I hear gospels about the Holy Spirit I always hear the following that the Spirit is a Person. Is there biblical excerpts ...
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How do the Father and Son differ if they have the same particular essence?

My question assumes ousia in Christian orthodoxy means a particular (not universal) essence or form, and not a concrete instantiation (hypostasis). If the Father and Son have the same ousia, where are ...
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How do Trinitarians interpret Jesus's statement that "I live because of the Father"?

Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me (John 6:57) This statement by Jesus seems to insinuate that Jesus derives his ...
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How can God be three persons? [duplicate]

How can God be three Persons when He is defined by thousands of singular personal pronouns, which define ONE Person?
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What does Eastern Orthodox Christians mean that the Father alone is the one God?

What does Eastern Orthodox Christians mean that the Father is the one God? I understand that Eastern Orthodox Trinitarianism differs from Unitarianism in that the former teaches three divine persons ...
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According to Catholic Tradition, did God the Father ever teach or punish God the Son?

Catholics are taught to believe in the Trinity - God in Three Persons - The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. If Catholics are taught to worship God "The Father" and God "The Son", ...
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How is the doctrine of the Trinity substantiated?

I have noted that some people do not believe in the doctrine of Trinity, namely "three personas, one nature", but my question is not about whether the doctrine is true! It is about how those,...
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Who is God in the Old Testament? (Trinity)

I had always thought the Entity of the Trinity that appears in the Old Testament was God the Father. However, upon re-reading several passages, I am beginning to think it might be Jesus Christ. The ...
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From a trinitarian perspective, how do you biblically reconcile Jesus dying and Jesus being God?

I've heard non-trinitarians say, "The Bible says God can't die, therefore Jesus isn't God. First of all, does the Bible even say that God can't die (I assume it does, or at least it implies it). ...
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Why were ousia and hypostasis synonymous in the Nicene Creed?

Why were ousia and hypostasis synonymous in the Nicene Creed? In the original 325 A.D. Nicene Creed, an anathema is included which has ousia and hypostasis as synonymous. In this case, the Trinity is ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the "one" in "the Trinitarian God is one being in three persons"?

In the Trinity, the one divine being is three persons whereas one human being is only one person (source: Is The Trinity a philosophical contradiction?). A "being" is an independently ...
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What role does the Holy Ghost fill that the Father can't?

In trinitarian doctrine, what role does the Holy Ghost fill that the Father can't / doesn't? My understanding is, that according to trinitarians: The Father is a spirit The Holy Ghost is a spirit The ...
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Did God the Son become flesh?

I read here somewhere that 'the logos IS the ever-living Son'. The bible says the logos became flesh. And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us; and we saw His glory, glory as of the only Son ...
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According to Protestantism is the Holy Spirit a Spirit of a Spirit?

God is a Spirit as stated in the Bible. The Holy Spirit is described as the Spirit of God. Does this mean that the Holy Spirit is a Spirit of a Spirit? How does this relationship work? I know the ...
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