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The church that follows the teachings of Martin Luther, the founder

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Is the Mass seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Church?

Acording to Wikipedia the Mass is seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Chruch, just like it is in the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches. However, I think this is wrong, I'm pretty sure from ...
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1answer
154 views

List of old heresies condemned by the Catholic Church now present in Lutheranism and Calvinism

The title says it all, I'd like a list of all heresies condemned by the Catholic Church before the Reformation. This time specifically those identified in Lutheranism and 5 point Calvinism.
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125 views

Do Lutherans and Catholics have the same beliefs regarding the purpose of Confirmation?

As a Catholic, I believe that I received a greater outpouring the Holy Spirit at Confirmation. Baptism, the Eucharist, and the sacrament of Confirmation together constitute the "sacraments of ...
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1answer
83 views

According to Lutherans, what is the Kingdom of God?

In a conversation with a United States veteran, I was intrigued when his response to Luke 4:5, 6 was that the United States is not included among the "kingdoms of the inhabited earth" because the USA ...
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66 views

Lutheran response to non-literalist interpretation of the Lord's Supper

What is the Lutheran response to the argument made by some, that Christ couldn't have meant "this is my body" in a literal sense, since he was himself bodily present in the midst of the disciples, in ...
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144 views

What does Lutheranism teaches about demon possession?

What do various Lutheran Churches from today teach about demon possession? Did Martin Luther, or early Lutheran writers said something about this? What strikes me the most, is the fact that in the ...
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1answer
105 views

What does Lutheranism teaches in regard the eastern orthodox doctrine of theosis?

In the Eastern Orthodox church, there is this doctrine and practice of one's divination, of "becoming more and more like God". This practice/doctrine seem to come from the so called 'desert fathers' ...
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105 views

How do monergists respond to Bible verses that support the doctrine of synergism?

How do Lutherans, Calvinists and other protestants that believe in monergism respond to biblical passages that seem to support synergism such as these? For example: "Be perfect, therefore, as ...
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83 views

Are Lutherans comfortable with worshipping a consecrated host or do they consider it to be idolatry?

Lutherans believe in a real, physical presence of Christ in the Eucharist, similar to Catholics. However they also believe that the bread and wine remain as bread and wine even after consecration. ...
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63 views

According to Lutherans, under what conditions (or at what moment) do the consecrated species cease to be the blood and body of Christ?

I understand that Lutherans believe in the real, physical presence of Christ in the Eucharist, but not in such a way that the species cease to be true bread and wine. So you are physically eating God, ...
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1answer
79 views

According to Lutherans, do angels pray for us?

I was looking at this question, and the answers don't really cover any viewpoints aside from that of the Roman Catholic Church. The second answer quotes Grudem, but the answerer's claim that he speaks ...
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91 views

Can Patron Saints be “dethroned”?

For instance lets say there's a patron saint of infants, but that a recently canonized saint is clearly superior to the previous one when it comes to infants. Is it not then warrented to make the ...
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1answer
62 views

To the LCMS Lutherans, how is the Bible the word of God?

A. The Bible is the Word of God. (means, all the words we read are the Words of God) B. The Bible contains the Word of God. (means, not all the words we read are the Words of God) C. other than A ...
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1answer
169 views

To the Lutherans ELCA, how is the Bible the word of God?

A. The Bible is the Word of God. (means, all the words we read are the Words of God) B. The Bible contains the Word of God. (means, not all the words we read are the Words of God) C. other than A ...
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29 views

According to Lutherans, is it 13 or 14 or 15 Nissan when Luke 22:8 happen?

Luke 22 (7)Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. (8)Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover." ...
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139 views

What are the differences between the ELCA and UCC?

Looking for a church community for me and my child, young adult college age. So far trying to decide between ELCA and UCC. What are the differences between these two communities?
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2answers
105 views

Which faiths are accepted for membership in the Catholic Church? [closed]

My husband and I were married in a Lutheran Church. He is Episcopal, I was Lutheran, then Confirmed Episcopal, but am now Confirmed Catholic for 26 years. The Monsignor at our previous parish said ...
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266 views

What happens to Lutherans who become Catholic? [closed]

This question is a two-parter, I know that's bad form but I don't want to justify two questions. Question 1 - if a Lutheran drifts into Catholic beliefs, like the Immaculate Conception of Mary, the ...
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1answer
103 views

Are there any Lutherans that have a different view about Salvation? [closed]

I read from the following link Lutherans believe that Christ died for the sins of all people and that God wants all people to be saved (see, for example John 3:16, 1 John 2:2, 1 Timothy 2:4-6)....
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1answer
218 views

Do Lutherans believe that the sacraments are necessary for salvation (similar to Catholics), and if so, how do they reconcile this with Sola Fide?

During my internet adventures browsing theological articles and blogs, I somehow picked up the idea that in a similar way to Catholics, Lutherans believe in baptismal regeneration and that baptism is, ...
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2answers
314 views

Do Lutherans define Justification and Atonement as different things?

I was considering the doctrine of Lutheran Unlimited/Universal Atonement, which says Christ died for everyone's sins. However, the fact stands that not all people go to heaven – thus not all people's ...
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421 views

How does Dietrich Bonhoeffer's theology relate to salvation by faith alone?

Bonhoeffer was a Lutheran pastor. However, in his book, "The Cost of discipleship", he refers to this term called "cheap grace", just to give a quote: Cheap grace is the preaching of forgiveness ...
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1answer
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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1answer
79 views

What was the organizing principle of Melanchthon's Loci Communes?

Herman Bavinck, in his Reformed Dogmatics (BakerAcademic, Vol I, Chapter 1, pp 26 - 27), claims that while Melanchthon when writing his "Common Places" drew material from the book of Romans, his ...
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2answers
365 views

What are the memorized lines people are reciting in church? [closed]

I didn't attend church as a child, but have now been visiting a couple different ones. Whether Catholic or Lutheran, at various points during the service, the faithful recite a text in common together,...
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Lutherans: Shells, baptism, why?

Since I am almost certain someone will come in and think the title of this question needs editing, I'm going to request that you leave it as it stands. The full/expanded question: I have seen shells ...
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103 views

What are the practical differences between German Lutheran and Swiss Reformed traditions?

I know very little about the German Lutheran church and what set them appart from the religion I've been raised in, Swiss Reformed. However, my understanding is that they are closer to Catholics, and ...
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135 views

According to LCMC Lutheranism, why is human imagination considered evil, when unsaved people do some amazingly good things?

According to Genesis 6:5 (NIV) every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time. According to Genesis 8:21 states similarly ... every inclination of the human ...
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338 views

Is Holy Absolution necessary in the Lutheran Church?

I know that Lutherans, as the Roman Catholics, practice private absolution. However is that how sins are forgiven in the Lutheran Church? Or is it just a reassurance, so to say, of the forgiveness of ...
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304 views

Does the Evangelical Lutheran church see Mormons as Christian?

Does the Evangelical Lutheran church see Mormons as Christian? Do they need salvation or are they Christian/saved?
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62 views

How is repentance understood in Lutheranism?

Christ talks a lot about repentance, and how we must repent and believe to be saved, he asks the woman caught in adultery to sin no more (John 8:11). But if we are unable to do any good as Paul says ...
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468 views

Which specific canons of the Second Council of Constantinople do Lutherans and Calvinists reject?

The Wikipedia article on the Second Council of Constantinople (the fifth Ecumenical Council) claims that Lutherans and Calvinists accept only the first four Ecumenical Councils as being canonical. My ...
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605 views

Do Lutherans believe in a literal interpretation of Genesis?

Do Lutherans believe that the story of Adam and Eve and all the book of Genesis is to be taken as literal truth?
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133 views

How do Lutherans interpret Matthew 15:11?

"What goes into someone's mouth does not defile them, but what comes out of their mouth, that is what defiles them." Matthew 15:11. I guess one thing that Jesus wants to say here is that eating pork ...
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494 views

Lutheranism: “Pastor” or “Priest”?

I have noticed that some Lutheran churches refer to their ministers as "priests" while others refer to their ministers as "pastors." When did some Lutheran churches cease using "priest" in favor of "...
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In Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Lutheranism, what are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized?

What are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized in Catholicism, in Eastern Orthodoxy, and in Lutheranism? As far as I understand, baptism in the above-mentioned ...
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220 views

Is the Wesleyan Quadrilateral present in Luther or in any other pre-Wesley theologians, Protestant or Catholic?

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral, also known as the Methodist Quadrilateral, is a method of theological reflection and of arriving at theological conclusions based on scripture, tradition, reason, and ...
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295 views

Have Catholic views on Grace and Justification changed?

At the council of Trent, the Catholic Church made several statements which seemingly reject the idea of Sola Gratia - Salvation by Grace alone. Examples include If anyone says that the justice ...
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In the Lord's Prayer, to what does “daily bread” refer? [closed]

I am taught that in the Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13) all petitions concern matters of our souls upon which we should meditate, except the fourth, "Give us today our daily bread" which petitions for ...
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2answers
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How are justification and sanctification related to salvation?

Among Evangelicals there are subtle differences in emphasis on how justification relates to sanctification (e.g., Ordo Salutis vs. Historia Salutis).1 My question is not about those subtle differences....
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Was Martin Luther a Rosicrucian?

The rose together with the cross is the sign of the Rosicrucian Order as seen below: The cross symbolizes Christianity and the rose often symbolizes secrecy (Sub Rosa). Martin Luther's seal is ...
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299 views

What influence does pietism have on modern-day Lutheranisms?

This topic is an expansion of a question on the English Stack Exchange. What influence does pietism have on modern-day Lutheranisms? Although I am aware that pietism has contributed positively to ...
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345 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
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1answer
256 views

When was the idea of all humans worth equal incorporated into Lutheran Christianity?

Why am I here In Swedish Lutheran church today (which I belong to), it seems to be "obvious" that All humans are worth equal. I'm not questioning the statement itself, I am just interested in the ...
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200 views

How does the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America handle heresies?

As far as I know, I am aware, from a simple Google search, that the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States, considers the twofold rule of God ...
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From a Lutheran perspective, does Hebrews 6 mean that some who fall away can never be restored?

Francis Pieper says that Lutheranism teaches both monergistic election and a salvation that can be lost: What Scripture teaches on final perseverance may be summarized in these two statements: 1. ...
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What is Protestant Scholasticism?

I read a tag line advocating Lutheran Theologian Dr. Jack Kilcrease offering a class on "Protestant Scholasticism", which I had never heard of before. This seems odd to me because of Luther's ...
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760 views

What is the Lutheran view on sovereign election?

My understanding is that Lutherans have some doctrine of sovereign election/predestination, yet they also affirm unlimited atonement and that some do go on to shipwreck their faith. What are the ...
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What is the Lutheran doctrine of consubstantiation and how does it differ from transubstantiation and a more general protestant sacramental view?

In transubstantiation, the bread and wine are said to become the literal body and blood of Jesus. Consubstantiation appears to affirm that "this is my body" does apply to the bread and wine, but not ...
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What is Martin Luther's approach to liturgical services in light of Paul Tillich?

This article has a line that reads: We would call Luther's approach an evangelical-catholic one. It cites Paul Tillich's use of "catholic substance" or "protestant principle". Can someone briefly ...