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Questions tagged [lutheranism]

The church that follows the teachings of Martin Luther, the founder

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How do you, Lutherans, understand the question of soteriology: atonement

English is not my native language, sorry for any typing errors I'm studying soteriology and wanted to understand how you Lutherans understand the question of soteriology? Justification and atonement: ...
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27 views

How do you, Lutherans, understand the question of soteriology?

English is not my native language, sorry for any typing errors I'm studying soteriology and wanted to understand how you Lutherans understand the question of soteriology? Human will: total depravity ...
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72 views

Is the Eucharist of non-Porvoo Lutheran church valid in the churches of Porvoo Communion?

Porvoo communion is the full Eucharistic communion of Lutheran churches of Northern Europe, but the Lutheran Church of Latvia is only observer in this communion. I understand that the Lutheran Church ...
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81 views

Why doesn’t the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod have bishops?

Most Lutheran synods in the United States, such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ELCA), have bishops as part of their church hierarchy just like many other mainline Protestants. Why ...
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1answer
90 views

Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ?

Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ? From here I found out that Luther did not believe that Zwingli was ...
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1answer
229 views

Is the Mass seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Church?

Acording to Wikipedia the Mass is seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Chruch, just like it is in the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches. However, I think this is wrong, I'm pretty sure from ...
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1answer
246 views

List of old heresies condemned by the Catholic Church now present in Lutheranism and Calvinism

The title says it all, I'd like a list of all heresies condemned by the Catholic Church before the Reformation. This time specifically those identified in Lutheranism and 5 point Calvinism.
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148 views

Do Lutherans and Catholics have the same beliefs regarding the purpose of Confirmation?

As a Catholic, I believe that I received a greater outpouring the Holy Spirit at Confirmation. Baptism, the Eucharist, and the sacrament of Confirmation together constitute the "sacraments of ...
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1answer
106 views

According to Lutherans, what is the Kingdom of God?

In a conversation with a United States veteran, I was intrigued when his response to Luke 4:5, 6 was that the United States is not included among the "kingdoms of the inhabited earth" because the USA ...
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1answer
78 views

Lutheran response to non-literalist interpretation of the Lord's Supper

What is the Lutheran response to the argument made by some, that Christ couldn't have meant "this is my body" in a literal sense, since he was himself bodily present in the midst of the disciples, in ...
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2answers
312 views

What does Lutheranism teaches about demon possession?

What do various Lutheran Churches from today teach about demon possession? Did Martin Luther, or early Lutheran writers said something about this? What strikes me the most, is the fact that in the ...
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1answer
133 views

What does Lutheranism teaches in regard the eastern orthodox doctrine of theosis?

In the Eastern Orthodox church, there is this doctrine and practice of one's divination, of "becoming more and more like God". This practice/doctrine seem to come from the so called 'desert fathers' ...
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138 views

How do monergists respond to Bible verses that support the doctrine of synergism?

How do Lutherans, Calvinists and other protestants that believe in monergism respond to biblical passages that seem to support synergism such as these? For example: "Be perfect, therefore, as ...
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133 views

Are Lutherans comfortable with worshipping a consecrated host or do they consider it to be idolatry?

Lutherans believe in a real, physical presence of Christ in the Eucharist, similar to Catholics. However they also believe that the bread and wine remain as bread and wine even after consecration. ...
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73 views

According to Lutherans, under what conditions (or at what moment) do the consecrated species cease to be the blood and body of Christ?

I understand that Lutherans believe in the real, physical presence of Christ in the Eucharist, but not in such a way that the species cease to be true bread and wine. So you are physically eating God, ...
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1answer
107 views

According to Lutherans, do angels pray for us?

I was looking at this question, and the answers don't really cover any viewpoints aside from that of the Roman Catholic Church. The second answer quotes Grudem, but the answerer's claim that he speaks ...
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1answer
102 views

Can Patron Saints be “dethroned”?

For instance lets say there's a patron saint of infants, but that a recently canonized saint is clearly superior to the previous one when it comes to infants. Is it not then warrented to make the ...
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1answer
73 views

To the LCMS Lutherans, how is the Bible the word of God?

A. The Bible is the Word of God. (means, all the words we read are the Words of God) B. The Bible contains the Word of God. (means, not all the words we read are the Words of God) C. other than A ...
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1answer
243 views

To the Lutherans ELCA, how is the Bible the word of God?

A. The Bible is the Word of God. (means, all the words we read are the Words of God) B. The Bible contains the Word of God. (means, not all the words we read are the Words of God) C. other than A ...
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34 views

According to Lutherans, is it 13 or 14 or 15 Nissan when Luke 22:8 happen?

Luke 22 (7)Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. (8)Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover." ...
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1answer
279 views

What are the differences between the ELCA and UCC?

Looking for a church community for me and my child, young adult college age. So far trying to decide between ELCA (Evangelical Lutheran Church in America) and UCC (United Church of Christ). What are ...
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2answers
111 views

Which faiths are accepted for membership in the Catholic Church? [closed]

My husband and I were married in a Lutheran Church. He is Episcopal, I was Lutheran, then Confirmed Episcopal, but am now Confirmed Catholic for 26 years. The Monsignor at our previous parish said ...
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1answer
384 views

What happens to Lutherans who become Catholic? [closed]

This question is a two-parter, I know that's bad form but I don't want to justify two questions. Question 1 - if a Lutheran drifts into Catholic beliefs, like the Immaculate Conception of Mary, the ...
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108 views

Are there any Lutherans that have a different view about Salvation? [closed]

I read from the following link Lutherans believe that Christ died for the sins of all people and that God wants all people to be saved (see, for example John 3:16, 1 John 2:2, 1 Timothy 2:4-6)....
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1answer
257 views

Do Lutherans believe that the sacraments are necessary for salvation (similar to Catholics), and if so, how do they reconcile this with Sola Fide?

During my internet adventures browsing theological articles and blogs, I somehow picked up the idea that in a similar way to Catholics, Lutherans believe in baptismal regeneration and that baptism is, ...
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2answers
348 views

Do Lutherans define Justification and Atonement as different things?

I was considering the doctrine of Lutheran Unlimited/Universal Atonement, which says Christ died for everyone's sins. However, the fact stands that not all people go to heaven – thus not all people's ...
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1answer
519 views

How does Dietrich Bonhoeffer's theology relate to salvation by faith alone?

Bonhoeffer was a Lutheran pastor. However, in his book, "The Cost of discipleship", he refers to this term called "cheap grace", just to give a quote: Cheap grace is the preaching of forgiveness ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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1answer
88 views

What was the organizing principle of Melanchthon's Loci Communes?

Herman Bavinck, in his Reformed Dogmatics (BakerAcademic, Vol I, Chapter 1, pp 26 - 27), claims that while Melanchthon when writing his "Common Places" drew material from the book of Romans, his ...
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2answers
468 views

What are the memorized lines people are reciting in church? [closed]

I didn't attend church as a child, but have now been visiting a couple different ones. Whether Catholic or Lutheran, at various points during the service, the faithful recite a text in common together,...
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1answer
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Lutherans: Shells, baptism, why?

Since I am almost certain someone will come in and think the title of this question needs editing, I'm going to request that you leave it as it stands. The full/expanded question: I have seen shells ...
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What are the practical differences between German Lutheran and Swiss Reformed traditions?

I know very little about the German Lutheran church and what set them appart from the religion I've been raised in, Swiss Reformed. However, my understanding is that they are closer to Catholics, and ...
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1answer
142 views

According to LCMC Lutheranism, why is human imagination considered evil, when unsaved people do some amazingly good things?

According to Genesis 6:5 (NIV) every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time. According to Genesis 8:21 states similarly ... every inclination of the human ...
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1answer
464 views

Is Holy Absolution necessary in the Lutheran Church?

I know that Lutherans, as the Roman Catholics, practice private absolution. However is that how sins are forgiven in the Lutheran Church? Or is it just a reassurance, so to say, of the forgiveness of ...
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2answers
352 views

Does the Evangelical Lutheran church see Mormons as Christian?

Does the Evangelical Lutheran church see Mormons as Christian? Do they need salvation or are they Christian/saved?
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1answer
79 views

How is repentance understood in Lutheranism?

Christ talks a lot about repentance, and how we must repent and believe to be saved, he asks the woman caught in adultery to sin no more (John 8:11). But if we are unable to do any good as Paul says ...
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Which specific canons of the Second Council of Constantinople do Lutherans and Calvinists reject?

The Wikipedia article on the Second Council of Constantinople (the fifth Ecumenical Council) claims that Lutherans and Calvinists accept only the first four Ecumenical Councils as being canonical. My ...
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752 views

Do Lutherans believe in a literal interpretation of Genesis?

Do Lutherans believe that the story of Adam and Eve and all the book of Genesis is to be taken as literal truth?
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1answer
159 views

How do Lutherans interpret Matthew 15:11?

"What goes into someone's mouth does not defile them, but what comes out of their mouth, that is what defiles them." Matthew 15:11. I guess one thing that Jesus wants to say here is that eating pork ...
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1answer
836 views

Lutheranism: “Pastor” or “Priest”?

I have noticed that some Lutheran churches refer to their ministers as "priests" while others refer to their ministers as "pastors." When did some Lutheran churches cease using "priest" in favor of "...
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1answer
178 views

In Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Lutheranism, what are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized?

What are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized in Catholicism, in Eastern Orthodoxy, and in Lutheranism? As far as I understand, baptism in the above-mentioned ...
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2answers
268 views

Is the Wesleyan Quadrilateral present in Luther or in any other pre-Wesley theologians, Protestant or Catholic?

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral, also known as the Methodist Quadrilateral, is a method of theological reflection and of arriving at theological conclusions based on scripture, tradition, reason, and ...
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2answers
309 views

Have Catholic views on Grace and Justification changed?

At the council of Trent, the Catholic Church made several statements which seemingly reject the idea of Sola Gratia - Salvation by Grace alone. Examples include If anyone says that the justice ...
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4answers
2k views

In the Lord's Prayer, to what does “daily bread” refer? [closed]

I am taught that in the Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13) all petitions concern matters of our souls upon which we should meditate, except the fourth, "Give us today our daily bread" which petitions for ...
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2answers
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How are justification and sanctification related to salvation?

Among Evangelicals there are subtle differences in emphasis on how justification relates to sanctification (e.g., Ordo Salutis vs. Historia Salutis).1 My question is not about those subtle differences....
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Was Martin Luther a Rosicrucian?

The rose together with the cross is the sign of the Rosicrucian Order as seen below: The cross symbolizes Christianity and the rose often symbolizes secrecy (Sub Rosa). Martin Luther's seal is ...
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1answer
393 views

What influence does pietism have on modern-day Lutheranisms?

This topic is an expansion of a question on the English Stack Exchange. What influence does pietism have on modern-day Lutheranisms? Although I am aware that pietism has contributed positively to ...
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1answer
390 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
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1answer
286 views

When was the idea of all humans worth equal incorporated into Lutheran Christianity?

Why am I here In Swedish Lutheran church today (which I belong to), it seems to be "obvious" that All humans are worth equal. I'm not questioning the statement itself, I am just interested in the ...
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1answer
231 views

How does the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America handle heresies?

As far as I know, I am aware, from a simple Google search, that the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States, considers the twofold rule of God ...