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The act of transferring meaning between languages, including the Bible and works of the church fathers. Please use the bible-translation tag for questions on translation of the Bible.

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Why was the Sea of Galilee called so?

We see the mention of a freshwater lake of 167 km square in Israel called as the Sea of Galilee or the Sea of Tiberias at Mtt 4:18, Mtt 15:29, Mk 1:16, Mk 7:31 and Jn 16:1. I wish to know the logic ...
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3answers
177 views

How was the translation of the Book of Mormon shown through Joseph Smith's seer stones and hat?

The Wikipedia article on the golden plates says that Joseph Smith translated the golden plates into the Book of Mormon with the help of "seer stones". Initially, he is said to have used two stones set ...
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0answers
42 views

Jesus is Lucifer in 2 Peter Chapter 1 [migrated]

2 Peter 1:19. "We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the "day star" arise in your ...
8
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0answers
98 views

YHWH translated to Jehovah 4 times in KJV but not elsewhere… why? [duplicate]

YHWH is regularly translated as LORD in English translations of the Bible, including the KJV. I grew up as a Jehovah’s Witness and this was regularly used as a way of proving that they knew God ...
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0answers
8 views

Did Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton borrow from the King James Version (KJV) when translating or editing his English Septuagint? [migrated]

There are some New Testament allusions or quotations in the King James Version (KJV) that don't precisely match the Old Testament (KJV) source that they point to; however, such allusions or quotations ...
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6answers
534 views

Why does the Catholic church not sanction the KJV translation?

One of my favorite Bible translations has always been the King James (I suppose because of the medieval feel), but I have always been fascinated by the much longer history of the Catholic Church, I ...
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3answers
197 views

Did the pre-Christian Greek Bible contain only the five books of Moses?

The New Testament quotes portions of the Greek Old Testament (known as the Septuagint, or LXX for short), including portions of books beyond the Pentateuch (or five books of Moses), some of which are ...
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2answers
150 views

What was meaning of `Talent' as used by Jesus in His parable?

At Matthew 25:14 we read: For it is as if a man, going on a journey, summoned his slaves and entrusted his property to them; to one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one, to each ...
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1answer
247 views

Is there a good Swedish Bible Translation that's not the equivalent of the NIV?

I have a friend in Sweden who is a new believer and I want to buy him a bible translated in his native language. Unfortunately, the only two translations I've found are the 1917 translation which is ...
5
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2answers
341 views

Romans 6:5 and “Where's Wolfius?”

In order to better understand Romans 6:5, I've been doing a word study of the Greek word σύμφυτος (sumphutos), traditionally translated "planted together" or "united with". Commentators usually point ...
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1answer
88 views

What is the translation methodology for the Nueva Versión Internacional (NVI)?

I'm wondering about what sources were used for the NVI. Was it translated from from ancient Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek manuscripts? All I can find online is that the translators "follow[ed] the NIV ...
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2answers
103 views

Could there have been a different translation for Matthew 14:28? (Catholic perspective)

At Matthew 14:25-28 we read: And early in the morning he came walking toward them on the sea. But when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were terrified, saying, "It is a ghost!" And ...
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2answers
232 views

Was Psalms 45:6 Mistranslated?

I'm having difficulty with this passage. On Psalms 45:6: Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated ...
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1answer
175 views

Good Urdu Translations of the Bible from the Masoretic and one of the Textus Receptuses, or just either?

I am looking for urdu translations that are reasonably close to the reconstructions of the Hebrew Masoretic text and/or Greek Textus Receptus, being a literal translation. Like how despite the KJV ...
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3answers
3k views

Is the English translation of “Book of Mormon” ever revised or updated, and if so, on what basis given that the golden plates have disappeared?

The English used in the initial translation of the book of Mormon is KJV-esque English. I'm wondering if there have ever been new English translations as time goes by, and as the English language has ...
4
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2answers
139 views

Absent the original golden plates, which translation of the Book of Mormon is considered to be the “official” version?

I'm curious what version of the book of Mormon is considered the official version? For example, when translating the book of Mormon into other languages, what is used as the "base text"? Presumably if ...
4
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2answers
468 views

How do Unitarians interpret John 1:1?

John 1:1 says: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." -KJV The Greek says: Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος How ...
3
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1answer
195 views

How possible is it that the Septuagint / LXX wasn't specifically quoted in the NT?

Couldn't it be possible that the NT writers quoted from a Hebrew or Aramaic Old Testament, and that the Septuagint was transliterated afterwards, or that the NT was later translated to match the ...
4
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1answer
82 views

I'm looking for a multilingual glossary of Christian/Bible terminology

I'd like to have multilingual translations of key terminology used in Christian literature and/or Bible in a translation glossary format, including the same list of key terms ideally in Hebrew, Latin, ...
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5answers
1k views

Why did Joseph Smith translate the Book of Mormon into Jacobean English, not in use in 1830?

Victorian era (1830-1900) 1830 was the beginning of the Victorian era. This literary period was short and volatile, in terms of thought and style; daring use of words and letters, pressing the bounds ...
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1answer
231 views

Does Jesus's name lose authority in other languages? (Catholic)

The proper name Jesus /ˈdʒiːzəs/ used in the English language originates from the Latin form of the Greek name Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous), a rendition of the Hebrew Yeshua (ישוע), also having the variants ...
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1answer
2k views

Is there an Arabic translation of the Book of Mormon?

I know that the Book of Mormon is not officially printed in Hebrew, but is it officially printed in Arabic? I know that the LDS church does not proselyte in any shape or form in the Middle East (...
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0answers
117 views

Looking for Nanjing Mandarin Colloquial version (南京官话译本) of the New Testament

The Nanking Mandarin Colloquial Version (南京官话译本) of the entire New Testament (新约全书) was, supposedly, released in 1860~1861. It was translated by Walter Henry Medhurst (麦都思) and Wang Tao (王韬) and ...
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1answer
359 views

What is the origin of the “in sæcula sæculorum” of the «Gloria Patri» being translated as “world without end”?

The Gloria Patri or "Minor Doxology" is, in Latin: Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto, sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in sæcula sæculorum. Amen. Who was the first to ...
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2answers
176 views

Does the Catholic Church say which is the correct rendering in english of The Glory Be (The Doxology)?

This is one rendering of The Glory Be: Glory be to the Father, and to the son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen. And this ...
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1answer
2k views

Is Jesus the real name of Jesus or is it some kind of translation? [duplicate]

Do these small names we found in bible like Peter, Paul, Jesus, Christ used in Jerusalem or Israel 2000 years ago or are they just translations? Since Jesus was not speaking English, what was his ...
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1answer
2k views

How do Bible scholars reconcile the differences between Greek and Aramaic in John 21:15-17?

John 21:15-17 recounts a powerful conversation between Jesus and Peter, where Jesus asks Peter, three times, if he loves Him. Greek has several words for "love". In Greek, the dialogue goes like this: ...
3
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1answer
47 views

Gregory of Nazianzus - First Oration - Translation of καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ

At the very beginning (§1) of his first oration entitled, "On the Holy Pascha and on His Reluctance/Delay," Gregory writes, Ἀναστάσεως ἡμέρα, καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ... Browne/Swallow translate καὶ ἡ ...
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1answer
384 views

Who is the John Owen that translated Calvin's Commentary on Romans?

I'm reading John Calvin's commentary on Romans, in English, and it has this inscription on the title page: "Translated and Edited by the Rev. John Owen." Oh, wow, I thought, That's interesting; John ...
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1answer
188 views

Can Hebrews Chapter 4 use of “Today” Be Used to Refute mistranslation of Luke 23:43 in the New World Translation of the Bible? [closed]

See the "today" doctrine presented in Hebrews: Hebrews 4: 6 Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly received the good news failed to enter because of ...
3
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1answer
977 views

Was her name really Bathsheba?

Her name is BATHsheba and she is famous for her bath on the rooftop... Is this just some goofy English translation going on, or just a strange coincidence?
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1answer
229 views

Is the Tetragrammaton YHWV or YHVH [closed]

It seems to me that v is an "older" version and that the W is becoming more popular. Also I see the J/Y in much the same way. Is there a reason that J goes with V. What about JHWH? I'm not much of a ...
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2answers
716 views

Are translations of the book of Mormon into other languages made from English, or are the golden plates stashed in a temple somewhere?

I was poking around the Internet to see if there are any LDS-sanctioned modern translations of the Book of Mormon in English, and it seems there are not. (Although there's an unofficial one, A Plain ...
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1answer
119 views

St Augustine's 5th and 6th Needs - Translation

My wife has currently undertaken a project to translate a prayer card from English to Polish. There is a reference on the card to Saint Augustine's 5th and 6th Needs. My question is, what are these "...
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2answers
96 views

Do any denominations object to writing/ saying “the god” instead of “God”?

For example, the King James Version translates Gen. 1:1 as, In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. If I translate it as, In the beginning, the god created the heavens and the ...
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2answers
15k views

Which translation of Augustine's Confessions is the easiest to read in English?

Not all translations are created equal, and often the public domain ones freely available online are some of the worst. Augustine fans out there – whose translation of Confessions is the best in ...
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3answers
2k views

Is there any evidence for the claim that the Catholic church suppressed translation of Scripture?

There is a popular Protestant polemic that Catholics don't (or didn't) want people to read the Bible. It is often furthermore assumed that the Catholic Church went so far as to ban people from having ...
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7answers
16k views

All my days are ordained before I was born?

Psalm 139:16 (KJV) Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them. My ...
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4answers
804 views

Criteria for translation

I know there are a TON of translations out there and that some people prefer things like King James Only. But I was wondering: What are some good criteria for choosing a translation and why?
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2answers
160 views

Is the Virgin Mary ever referred to as “the Holy Table” (ἡ ἁγία ἡ τράπεζα)?

I'm still in the process of translating a work of John of Damascus concerning the Eucharist and the body of Christ, entitled Περὶ τοῦ ἀχράντου σώματος, οὗ μεταλαμβάνομεν. In section 4, he writes, ...
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2answers
165 views

Why is the Eucharist referred to as «ἀναίμακτον θυσίαν» in consideration of “transubstantiation”?

If indeed transubstantiation occurs, and the bread and wine become the body and blood of Jesus Christ, why does John of Damascus1 (as an example) refer to the Eucharist as «ἀναίμακτον θυσίαν», "a ...
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2answers
26k views

Into how many languages has the Bible been translated?

I understand that the Bible has been translated into more languages than any other book in the world. What is the current total of languages into which the Bible, or part of the Bible, has been ...
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2answers
150 views

How diverse or united is Christian history on the imagery of “Father” and “Son”?

The original languages of the Bible itself and, to my knowledge, most of Christian history, are replete with the filial language of God being known as a “Father” and Jesus being known as his “Son”. ...
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2answers
608 views

When did the older English spelling of the endings of Isaiah and Elijah stop being used in the Catholic Church?

I was reading Archbishop Fulton Sheen's Life of Christ and he always refers to Isaiah and Isaias and Elijah as Elias. I know that's one of the traditional English spellings, but when did it change ...
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4answers
561 views

According to the LDS Church (Mormons), how specifically did Joseph Smith translate the Book of Mormon?

As I understand it, the LDS Church teaches that the Book of Mormon was written on gold plates in a language called "Reformed Egyptian". According to the LDS Church, what did Joseph Smith use and how ...
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2answers
20k views

What is a faithful translation for “the son of perdition” in John 17:12?

In John 17, Jesus prays and says of his disciples, 12 While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of ...
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5answers
15k views

Why is “elohim” translated as “God” and not “gods”? [closed]

I was looking at the Holman Christian Standard Bible and I saw that Elohim is plural. Were it to be translated plural it would read something like: "In the beginning, gods created the heavens and ...
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4answers
835 views

Hebrew OT translation to Greek NT

Hebrews 10:5 (ESV) states Consequently, when Christ came into the world, he said, “Sacrifices and offerings you have not desired, but a body have you prepared for me; This is an ...
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4answers
1k views

What is the Biblical support for Hell as a singular concept?

One of the common tenets of Christian Universalism (as well as Annihilationism) is the non-existence of Hell as an eternal punishment for non-Christians, that everyone has been granted salvation ...
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6answers
2k views

Dialog between Jesus and Peter in John 21: what's going on?

In John 21: 15-17 there's a post-Resurrection dialog between Peter and Jesus. Here's the KJV translation of this dialog. So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, ...