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Questions tagged [terminology]

questions regarding the meaning or usage of Christian terminology

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Are Roman Catholic priests ever addressed as pastor

I found this Christianity Stack question which asks if Lutherans use pastor or priest: Lutheranism: "Pastor" or "Priest"? However, my question is specifically regarding the Roman ...
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3answers
97 views

What does 'orthodox' mean, in practice?

'Orthodox' with a capital has a specialised meaning, regarding the Eastern Orthodox Church, but its uncapitalised meaning (which is not necessarily a matter of Christianity and neither the English ...
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2answers
589 views

Hallelujah vs Alleluia

What's the difference between these two words other than obviously the spelling. I've seen some songs write Alleluia which sounds very similar to Hallelujah when sung.
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1answer
154 views

Is it accurate to call Abraham a Jew?

It is common to associate Abraham as "father of the faith" and the first Jew. However, since Abram's family came from the land of Ur, isn't it more accurate to say that he wasn't a Jew but - in ...
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1answer
92 views

What is conciliar folly?

From Gloria.tv: During Sarah's "renewal" Paul VI laicised ten thousands of priests and furiously persecuted the Priestly Society of Saint Pius X who was able to gather the sheep shattered ...
3
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1answer
77 views

What is the Law of Moses comprised of?

We see a number of references both in the Old Testament and the New Testament to the "Law of Moses" (for example Lk 2:22; Jn 1:45 and Jn 7:19). I wish to know as to which "laws" are referred to by ...
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2answers
134 views

According to the Catholic magisterium, are sedevacantists by definition schismatics?

This is both a terminology question and a Catholic doctrine question regarding the status of sedevacantists, that is, those who reject the current pope as illegitimate. I found the following Catholic ...
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3answers
173 views

Meaning of the word Anointed

What does "anointed" mean? Is there a difference between the Old Testament definition and the New Testament?
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4answers
337 views

What is the biblical basis for all people meeting God when they die?

I recently saw a billboard proclaiming "After you die, you will meet God" What is the biblical basis for this? My first thought, was that according to my understanding of Christianity, those headed ...
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4answers
128 views

Is there a word for describing the existence of a unique or controversial interpretation of Christianity within a denomination?

So obviously different sects or denominations have different interpretations and apply different emphasis to various teachings of the bible, but I'm wondering if there is a word to describe when a ...
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3answers
540 views

Are Jehovah's Witnesses Protestants?

Are Jehovah's Witnesses Protestants, or are their own separate category?
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2answers
81 views

Does the Catholic word Priest actually mean “Presbyter?” Or is it a conflation of roles?

The problem as I understand it is a combining of roles.. not confounding or mixing but fusing the roles into something different. The role of the priest doesn't seem to match the role of the ...
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38 views

What is the origin of this triplet: Time, Talents, and Treasure?

I am 50 years old, and I just became aware of widespread usage of "Time, Talents, and Treasure" in religious circles, maybe especially Catholicism. My own religion, Mormonism, has a temple covenant ...
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1answer
177 views

What is the definition of ancestral sin from the perspective of Eastern Orthodox?

Can anyone drag and drop a concise definition of the Eastern Orthodox view of "Ancestral Sin" and quote the source? One of the reasons I ask is the great tomes of western theological definitions, such ...
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2answers
91 views

Was there any meaningful difference between the terms “presbyter” and “priest” in early Christianity?

There has been much debate between Christian denominations on whether or not there is a special priesthood rooted in apostolic succession. I do not mean to disturb this debate with my question, but I ...
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1answer
190 views

Has the term “born again” always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church?

Has the term "born again" always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church? St. Irenaeus (202) wrote the following in 185, which many claim it refers to infant baptism: ...
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1answer
113 views

How do various Christian traditions view the expression “crossing over Jordan”?

John Bunyan's 'The Pilgrim’s Progress' (published 1678) makes reference to "crossing the River" in order to get to the Celestial City. Chapter 20 mentions that only Enoch and Elijah did not have to ...
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2answers
376 views

What exactly does the Catholic Church mean by the “Virginity” of Mary?

Possible ways to understand "virginity" : Some people may define it as no sexual event whatsoever. Some may define as not having intercourse with a male. Some may define it as not participating in ...
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1answer
48 views

What does “Style” mean in the context of feast days

I was wading through the weeds of the Catholic Encyclopedia trying to figure out why and when April 5th was the Feast of the Annunciation and what Lady Day is and whether that means it used to be more ...
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2answers
156 views

What was the earliest reference to the 3 States of the Church?

The Churches Militant, Penitent and Triumphant are used quite regularly not only in The Catholic Church but also in some Protestant denominations. The Catechism has a reference to the three states of ...
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2answers
129 views

What do Evangelicals who speak negatively of “religion” mean by that?

I've been hearing some tributes to Rev. Billy Graham today and one of the things that people were praising him was that he "emphasized people over religion". Now I'm guessing that is not necessarily ...
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2answers
72 views

Who is “the Lord thy God” mentioned in scripture?

This name is given to some deity in the KJV 264 different times. Is it referring to the father of Jesus, Jesus or the Holy Spirit?
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3answers
2k views

What is the difference between Demon and Devil?

Both terms, demon and devil, are used in various Bible passages. According to Catholic Encylopedia: ... the chief of the demons is called the devil. Is that true? Because the term devil is used ...
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1answer
67 views

What does it mean to “Make a Mission”?

I was reading Dorthy Day's autobiography and she mentioned something that Catholics of her time, at least, would take for granted "doing a novena and making a mission". I've prayed a novena, but I've ...
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3answers
159 views

When the early church was formalising the canon, what did they understand by the word 'Inspired'?

When the early church was formalising the Biblical canon, what specific definition of the word 'inspired' did they have in regard to the biblical literature? I'm curious about how this relates to the ...
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1answer
244 views

Why are 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus referred to as the “Pastoral Epistles”?

Why are 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus referred to as the “Pastoral Epistles”?
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157 views

What are the “Beatitudes”?

My pastor mentioned something called the "beatitudes" in the book of Matthew. What are they?
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1answer
445 views

How are the Decretive, Preceptive, and Permissive wills of God defined?

I've heard people talk about the Decretive, the Preceptive, and the Permissive wills of God, but I don't entirely understand them. What do they mean and what makes them distinct from each other?
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2answers
1k views

What is the “Magnificat”?

I heard my pastor use the term "Magnificat" when preaching in the book of Luke about Mary today. What is the Magnificat?
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1answer
94 views

What do charismatic Christians actually mean by the phrase “tonight is an open heaven”?

I have heard this phrase bandied around for about the last 10-15 years and I am wondering how it originated and if it has any scriptural basis. My own belief is that in the light of the cross and the ...
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1answer
48 views

Who are the “Sons of Israel” mentioned in Numbers 28

This verse sounds like God is telling Moses to tell the Israelites what they should do, but from what needs to be done it sounds like he is really going to be telling the priests what God wants done. ...
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1answer
293 views

What do the names of the different hours of the divine office mean? Where do they come from? (Etymology)

I was wondering what the different names of the various hours mean in the liturgy of the hours? Where did they come from and what is their significance? They sound badass, but it would be nice to know ...
3
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1answer
91 views

According to Catholicism, what is the difference between forgiveness and release from punishment?

The first thing to note is that forgiveness of a sin is separate from punishment for the sin. Through sacramental confession we obtain forgiveness, but we aren't let off the hook as far as punishment ...
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1answer
78 views

What was the early-Christendom position on attributing pagan names to Christian concepts (mainly god)? Was there opposition to doing this?

In the ancient times, the newly-converted European cultures naturally reused their native "pagan" words to refer to some of the newly-acquired Christian concepts, rather then re-inventing the wheel. ...
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1answer
184 views

What is Ultramontanism & Neo-ultramontanism?

...The accusations stem from two Italian left-wing Ultramontanists... ...But now that Pope Francis has opened up new spaces, liberals, too, have to learn how to be critically obedient without ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between a denomination and a movement?

I grew up raised in an Apostolic(Oneness-)Pentecostal church that affirmed O.S.A.S., I was always told our denomination was Pentecostal, but I see some refer to Pentecost as a movement, and U.P.C. as ...
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3answers
628 views

What is the difference between an apostle and a disciple? [duplicate]

Some people use "apostles" and "disciples" interchangeably when talking about the 12 that originally followed Jesus. Yet, I don't commonly hear the opposite, people using those two words ...
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1answer
118 views

Earliest use of the term triune

According to dictionary.com, the origin of the term triune was between: 1595–1605; tri- + -une < Latin ūnus one What are some of the earliest uses of the English triune, as well as it's Latin ...
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1answer
463 views

In Korean Protestantism, what is the position of Kwonsa?

In the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA), a conservative Presbyterian denomination, there is a sizable contingent of Korean-Americans – they make up 12% of the denomination's members and have 212 ...
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4answers
838 views

What qualifies the 3 entities of the Trinity as one?

Follow up to this question: (If A = x and B = x and C = x then why isn't A = B = C? (Trinity) What qualifies the 3 entities of the Trinity as one? Now that the concept of the Trinity is more ...
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3answers
610 views

When did the word “Catholic” become a proper noun?

After reading "At what point did the Roman See start self-identifying as the Catholic Church?" on this site I enjoyed a bit of research into the etymology and meaning of the word "Catholic," and as ...
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3answers
3k views

What is the difference between “Catechism” and “Canon Law” in Catholicism?

What is the difference between "Catechism" and "Canon Law" in Catholicism? I have the Catholic Catechism (CCC). Yet I also see the Canon law code quoted from...what's the difference? are they two ...
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1answer
244 views

How does “Lead us not into temptation” need to be interpreted? [closed]

When we Christians recite the "Our Father", we always say: ... and lead us not into temptation ... From this quote I understand very clearly that God can lead us to temptation thus contradicting ...
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1answer
148 views

At what point did the Eastern Church start self-identifying as the Orthodox Church?

The Great (East-West) Schism was a massive trainwreck centuries in the making and centuries in its outworking. At what point in the process did the Eastern Church start identifying itself as the ...
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1answer
331 views

At what point did the Roman See start self-identifying as the Catholic Church?

The Great (East-West) Schism was a massive trainwreck centuries in the making and centuries in its outworking. At what point in the process did the Roman see start identifying itself as the Catholic ...
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0answers
106 views

What is the Roman Catholic view on using the term 'orthodox', particularly in regard to Eastern Orthodoxy?

The terms orthodox and catholic have immense significance to those that seek to make exclusive truth claims about their particular Christian Tradition. Both Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox trace ...
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2answers
420 views

How do the Eastern Orthodox view using the term 'catholic', particularly in regard to Roman Catholicism?

The terms orthodox and catholic have immense significance to those that seek to make exclusive truth claims about their particular Christian Tradition. Both Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox trace ...
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1answer
51 views

Noun for a person who believes in ordinances?

A person who believes in sacraments is a "sacramentalist". Is there a noun for a person who believes in church ordinances instead of sacraments? "Non-sacramentalist" seems odd, as well as too broad ...
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3answers
287 views

What is the historical origin of the “Last Supper” expression?

This is not a question about the meaning (self-explanatory) of the expression, but on its origin. In particular, about who, where, and when. There seems to be nothing about this around. The New ...
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1answer
51 views

Is brethren a currently used plural for brother (monks)?

General use of brethren as meaning is considering archaic and not used. Is it in current usage in the Christian world?