Questions tagged [terminology]

questions regarding the meaning or usage of Christian terminology

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105 views

When was the “Evangelist” title first applied to the Gospel authors?

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are known as the "Four Evangelists" because they are believed to have written the four canonical Gospels. The word "evangelist" means a messenger of ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, are the “overlapping generations” only the Witnesses or are they all the people of the current/last days? [duplicate]

As I understand Jehovah's Witnesses' eschatology, the "generation" Jesus referred to in Matthew 24:34 and parallels in Mark 13:30 and Luke 21:32 refers to all of the generations that saw the ...
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2answers
413 views

Why were ousia and hypostasis synonymous in the Nicene Creed?

Why were ousia and hypostasis synonymous in the Nicene Creed? In the original 325 A.D. Nicene Creed, an anathema is included which has ousia and hypostasis as synonymous. In this case, the Trinity is ...
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Term that means to commit a sin when you know it is a sin?

I am drawing a blank here, I know that such a term exists but I cannot remember it and my Google Fu is failing me. There is a term for a sin that means that the sinner who committed the sin did it ...
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75 views

How are the religious usages of mainline and evangelical related to their general nonreligious meanings?

I have some but not much idea about the differences between Mainline and Evangelical. I looked up the two words in dictionary, but I am wondering what relations are between their general non-...
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103 views

Why the word “REgenerate” according to the Calvinist?

I've search in the internet : RE- a prefix, occurring originally in loanwords from Latin, used with the meaning “again” or “again and again” to indicate repetition, or with the meaning “back” ...
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What is the first documented usage of “Prima Scriptura”?

While the concept may have existed far prior, a recent discussion has left me wondering - What is the earliest documented usage of the term "Prima Scriptura" in Christian writings. I am not interested ...
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101 views

What is the earliest documented usage of the term “Sola Scriptura”?

While the concept may have existed far prior, a recent discussion has left me wondering - What is the earliest documented usage of the term "Sola Scriptura" in Christian writings. I am not interested ...
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48 views

Does Hebron means Hebrew?

Is Hebron referred to Hebrew? In Genesis 39:17 → The Hebrew Servant → Here Joseph is called as a Hebrew. So this is my understanding that → Joseph's great grandfather Abraham was from Hebron → ...
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49 views

What exactly does civil law mean?

The laws in the Old Testament can be separated into 3 categories as useful guides: Moral laws. Ceremonial laws. Civil laws. Moral laws deal with right and wrong behaviour, in relations to the ...
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790 views

What specific thing in the Bible separates the Old Testament from the New Testament?

We have the Old Testament and the New Testament. Does Old Testament just simply refer to the time before the Incarnation and the New Testament to the time afterwards? I do not see one specific thing ...
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238 views

What does “in persona Christi Capitis” mean?

The Church says that the Priest acts "in persona Christi Capitis". Where is this term taken from?
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398 views

Who first coined the term “Christian”?

It is correct that the term "Christian" was first used in Antioch, but not coined by just someone who made up nicknames. Is it possible that St. Ignatius, the 3rd Bishop of Antioch coined this term?
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299 views

When a person is described as a Davidide, what is being said about that person?

In my NABRE Bible, there are footnotes on Isaiah 11:1-9 (10) that say Isaiah is "looking forward to a new Davidide who will realize the ancient ideals (see Psalm 72). The oracle does not seem to have ...
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What were the common exonyms of the Roman Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox churches leading up to and after the Great Schism (1054)?

A common misconception I encounter among people interested in the history of Christianity is that the term "Catholic" refers solely to the Roman Catholic church and likewise "Orthodox" only to the ...
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1answer
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Is there a term used by transgender Christians who don't want to transition because of their faith?

I know that some gay/same-sex attracted Christians who choose to follow traditional church teaching and pursue celibacy call themselves "side B" or "gay celibate" Christians. Is there a corresponding ...
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1answer
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What is the proper term for performing the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick on someone?

If you perform the sacrament of Baptism on someone, you are "baptizing" them. If you do the sacrament of Holy Matrimony on a couple, you are "marrying" them, or alternatively "officiating the marriage"...
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What does “see” in “the Holy See” mean?

The seat of the Bishop of Rome is called "the Holy See". What does "see" mean? Does it mean “Holy Sea”, as the word “see” could be an archaic spelling of the word “sea”. It would make sense, because ...
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341 views

What is the meaning of “sola scriptura”?

I often see "sola scriptura" used with two very different meanings. Serendipitously, when I typed the title question, the first two "Similar questions" presented by SE were: What is the basis for ...
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What is meant by the expression that Jesus came in the fullness of time?

What do they mean when they say "in the fullness of time Jesus came"? I want to know what the fullness of time means in this scriptural context.
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3answers
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What is the proper title for someone who was a pope and is now canonized as a saint?

There are a number of men who became Pope who were later canonized as a saint, such as John Paul II and Paul VI. What is the proper title (in English) for such individuals when referring to them today ...
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Why did Jesus said she is come to anoint my body to the burying?

What is the significant of Burying . In Hebrew tradition anoint of oil will be done to dead person in their grave.
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What is the origin of the “religion vs. relationship” dichotomy?

These days the word "religion" often has a bad connotation. Christians (including myself) often emphasize that they have a "relationship" with Jesus, not that they are "religious." But this doesn'...
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Are Roman Catholic priests ever addressed as pastor

I found this Christianity Stack question which asks if Lutherans use pastor or priest: Lutheranism: "Pastor" or "Priest"? However, my question is specifically regarding the Roman ...
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124 views

What does 'orthodox' mean, in practice?

'Orthodox' with a capital has a specialised meaning, regarding the Eastern Orthodox Church, but its uncapitalised meaning (which is not necessarily a matter of Christianity and neither the English ...
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8k views

Hallelujah vs Alleluia

What's the difference between these two words other than obviously the spelling. I've seen some songs write Alleluia which sounds very similar to Hallelujah when sung.
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Is it accurate to call Abraham a Jew?

It is common to associate Abraham as "father of the faith" and the first Jew. However, since Abram's family came from the land of Ur, isn't it more accurate to say that he wasn't a Jew but - in ...
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113 views

What is conciliar folly?

From Gloria.tv: During Sarah's "renewal" Paul VI laicised ten thousands of priests and furiously persecuted the Priestly Society of Saint Pius X who was able to gather the sheep shattered ...
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1answer
109 views

What is the Law of Moses comprised of?

We see a number of references both in the Old Testament and the New Testament to the "Law of Moses" (for example Lk 2:22; Jn 1:45 and Jn 7:19). I wish to know as to which "laws" are referred to by ...
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According to the Catholic magisterium, are sedevacantists by definition schismatics?

This is both a terminology question and a Catholic doctrine question regarding the status of sedevacantists, that is, those who reject the current pope as illegitimate. I found the following Catholic ...
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952 views

Meaning of the word Anointed

What does "anointed" mean? Is there a difference between the Old Testament definition and the New Testament?
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What is the biblical basis for all people meeting God when they die?

I recently saw a billboard proclaiming "After you die, you will meet God" What is the biblical basis for this? My first thought, was that according to my understanding of Christianity, those headed ...
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Is there a word for describing the existence of a unique or controversial interpretation of Christianity within a denomination?

So obviously different sects or denominations have different interpretations and apply different emphasis to various teachings of the bible, but I'm wondering if there is a word to describe when a ...
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Are Jehovah's Witnesses Protestants?

Are Jehovah's Witnesses Protestants, or are their own separate category?
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Does the Catholic word Priest actually mean “Presbyter?” Or is it a conflation of roles?

The problem as I understand it is a combining of roles.. not confounding or mixing but fusing the roles into something different. The role of the priest doesn't seem to match the role of the ...
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What is the origin of this triplet: Time, Talents, and Treasure?

I am 50 years old, and I just became aware of widespread usage of "Time, Talents, and Treasure" in religious circles, maybe especially Catholicism. My own religion, Mormonism, has a temple covenant ...
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279 views

What is the definition of ancestral sin from the perspective of Eastern Orthodox?

Can anyone drag and drop a concise definition of the Eastern Orthodox view of "Ancestral Sin" and quote the source? One of the reasons I ask is the great tomes of western theological definitions, such ...
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Was there any meaningful difference between the terms “presbyter” and “priest” in early Christianity?

There has been much debate between Christian denominations on whether or not there is a special priesthood rooted in apostolic succession. I do not mean to disturb this debate with my question, but I ...
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277 views

Has the term “born again” always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church?

Has the term "born again" always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church? St. Irenaeus (202) wrote the following in 185, which many claim it refers to infant baptism: ...
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239 views

How do various Christian traditions view the expression “crossing over Jordan”?

John Bunyan's 'The Pilgrim’s Progress' (published 1678) makes reference to "crossing the River" in order to get to the Celestial City. Chapter 20 mentions that only Enoch and Elijah did not have to ...
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759 views

What exactly does the Catholic Church mean by the “Virginity” of Mary?

Possible ways to understand "virginity" : Some people may define it as no sexual event whatsoever. Some may define as not having intercourse with a male. Some may define it as not participating in ...
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What does “Style” mean in the context of feast days

I was wading through the weeds of the Catholic Encyclopedia trying to figure out why and when April 5th was the Feast of the Annunciation and what Lady Day is and whether that means it used to be more ...
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What was the earliest reference to the 3 States of the Church?

The Churches Militant, Penitent and Triumphant are used quite regularly not only in The Catholic Church but also in some Protestant denominations. The Catechism has a reference to the three states of ...
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162 views

What do Evangelicals who speak negatively of “religion” mean by that?

I've been hearing some tributes to Rev. Billy Graham today and one of the things that people were praising him was that he "emphasized people over religion". Now I'm guessing that is not necessarily ...
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Who is “the Lord thy God” mentioned in scripture? [closed]

This name is given to some deity in the KJV 264 different times. Is it referring to the father of Jesus, Jesus or the Holy Spirit?
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What is the difference between Demon and Devil?

Both terms, demon and devil, are used in various Bible passages. According to Catholic Encylopedia: ... the chief of the demons is called the devil. Is that true? Because the term devil is used ...
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75 views

What does it mean to “Make a Mission”?

I was reading Dorthy Day's autobiography and she mentioned something that Catholics of her time, at least, would take for granted "doing a novena and making a mission". I've prayed a novena, but I've ...
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When the early church was formalising the canon, what did they understand by the word 'Inspired'?

When the early church was formalising the Biblical canon, what specific definition of the word 'inspired' did they have in regard to the biblical literature? I'm curious about how this relates to the ...
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896 views

Why are 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus referred to as the “Pastoral Epistles”?

Why are 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus referred to as the “Pastoral Epistles”?
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What are the “Beatitudes”?

My pastor mentioned something called the "beatitudes" in the book of Matthew. What are they?

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