Questions tagged [latin]

Classical language popularized through the Roman Empire; widely used in scholarship and Roman Catholicism.

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Why does that Catholic Church teach that Noah's ark was "complete in one cubit"?

According to Pope Boniface VIII's bull Unam sanctam (1302), Indeed, at the time of the flood there was one ark of Noah, prefiguring the one Church, made complete in one cubit [Una nempe fuit diluvii ...
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Greek or any other language New Testament edition or document(s) predating the Old Latin (Vetus Latina) translation?

I've been told that the Vetus Latina (Old Latin) translation of the New Testament is oldest edition/version of the New Testament texts available to the public. It seems some of the "originals&...
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Why are missionary priests allowed to fumble over liturgies in the vernacular?

Traditiones Custodes states that ... possess a knowledge of the Latin language sufficient for a thorough comprehension of the rubrics and liturgical texts, and be animated by a lively pastoral ...
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Could Jesus understand (and read) Latin? [duplicate]

I read that Jesus probably spoke Arameic and Hebrew. And that a Bible verse indicated that he could read. Jesus lived in the Roman empire, so Latin was known by at least some people in the region. Is ...
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Do Anglicans use Latin anymore? If so, how much and for what?

Hi so I'm a Latin student and I was just wondering.
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What did the earliest version of the Vulgate bible look like?

It seems that the Codex Amiatinus is the oldest most complete version of the Vulgate bible (which misses the Book of Baruch). What did it look like? Looking up close at the blurry images, the text ...
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4 answers
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Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

While reading on Wikipedia I got to thinking why the church uses Latin as a language. According to the canonical Gospels, Jesus was arrested and tried by the Sanhedrin, and then sentenced by ...
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Was the Athanasian Creed ever translated into Koine Greek? If so, where can I find the text?

I am aware that it was most likely originally composed in Latin (this is why it is highly unlikely that St. Athanasius himself wrote it) but has anyone ever tried translating it into Koine Greek? If ...
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Hallelujah vs Alleluia

What's the difference between these two words other than obviously the spelling. I've seen some songs write Alleluia which sounds very similar to Hallelujah when sung.
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Missing work of St. Augustine in Latin?

I have been trying to look for a work of St. Augustine in Latin but I have had no luck of finding it. Not only that, I don't think it's been translated to English. It's called "La Fe, Dedicada a Pedro ...
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Which Latin manuscripts were used by the KJV translators?

When the KJV translators set out to do their translation, they gathered all existing manuscripts and translations they could, to make sure they had everything absolutely right. I am curious, which ...
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Earliest use of the term triune

According to dictionary.com, the origin of the term triune was between: 1595–1605; tri- + -une < Latin ūnus one What are some of the earliest uses of the English triune, as well as it's Latin ...
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Who is this member of the Catholic Church?

I was wondering who this man is, in the Catholic church: I am wondering his position therein more so than his name. *I saw him in a dream moments ago—I am not Catholic, I am Apostolic Pentecostal.
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10 votes
2 answers
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Need help with Latin Formula for an unusual Saint Benedict Cross

Can someone help translate the Latin formula used on the left side of the cross below. I already know the right side is the formula for Saint Benedict's Medal but the letters on the left still elude ...
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What does "persecute with cups" refer to in Augustine's first homily on 1 John?

Augustine, in his first homily on 1 John has a phrase that reads: ut passiones martyrum imitetur, non eos calcibus persequamur! Online it is translated: that we should imitate the sufferings of ...
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Is there a modern translation of the critical text of the Bible into Classical Latin?

Is there a modern translation of the critical text of the Bible into Classical Latin? Preferably it would be very literal, and the Apocrypha isn't necessary.
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2 votes
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What was the rationale for worship only in Latin? [duplicate]

Notice I said was because since 1969, the liturgy may be celebrated in the vernacular. I know the Roman Catholicism no longer employs Latin-only, but I am wondering why they did. Not interested in ...
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Who are David and Sibyls in the first stanza of Dies Iræ?

The first stanza of the medieval Latin hymn Dies Iræ is as follows: Dies iræ, dies illa Solvet sæclum in favilla, Teste David cum Sibylla. While the beginning is clearly taken from the prophet ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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When did the Church in the West begin communicating in Latin, instead of Greek?

Since the Gospels, Paul's epistles, and the other books of the New Testament were written mostly in Greek, as well as much writing of early Church fathers, it stands to reason that much – if not most –...
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What is the significance of the phrase "Sic Transit Gloria Mundi"?

The phrase is used during the ceremony of assigning a new pope, and can be interpreted in many ways. A translation would be: "So pass the worldly glories." How would you interpret its meaning, think ...
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12 votes
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Tridentine Latin Mass in Hebrew?

In 1957, Pope Pius XII gave permission to St. James Vicariate for Hebrew Speaking Catholics in Israel to celebrate the traditional Tridentine Latin Mass of Pope Pius V in some part in Hebrew. In ...
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What is the origin of the "in sæcula sæculorum" of the «Gloria Patri» being translated as "world without end"?

The Gloria Patri or "Minor Doxology" is, in Latin: Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto, sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in sæcula sæculorum. Amen. Who was the first to ...
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3 answers
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Acts 6:8 - Stephen is described as "full of grace" (πλήρης χάριτος)

In Acts 6:8, according to some manuscripts the Greek text states, Στέφανος δὲ πλήρης χάριτος καὶ δυνάμεως ἐποίει τέρατα καὶ σημεῖα μεγάλα ἐν τῷ λαῷ. (NA28) which is translated by the NABRE into ...
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Does the Pope's encyclical Laudato si' have a Latin version?

Looking at the Vatican's website it seems Laudato si' is the first encyclical that has no official Latin version, while the previous one, Lumen Fidei, had. Is this true?
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Is the term *Kyrie Eleison* Latin or Greek?

Kyrie Eleison is a term that is used in the Latin Mass of the Catholic Church. However, I've been told that the phrase is entirely Greek and not Latin at all! So is the phrase Latin or Greek? Is it ...
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Latin Lyrics for Gregorian Chants

Does the Catholic Church have a particular book that contains the Latin lyrics for Gregorian chants? I suppose most of these chants are sung as part of a liturgy. One such chant is named Communio: ...
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1 vote
2 answers
962 views

Should the Catholic rosary be recited in Latin or the vernacular language?

Should the Catholic prayer be recited in Latin or the vernacular language? During recitation, should the Catholic recite by chanting the verses or by singing with a catchy melody? Is it a sin to use ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Pre-Vatican II Latin Prayer

I'm new here, I was just wondering of someone knows what books were used for English catechesis prior to the 1960's in English speaking countries. I'd like to teach my CCD kids a few prayers in Latin ...
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14 votes
5 answers
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What is the reasoning for Latin being the official language of Catholic Mass?

The New Testament was originally written in Greek. But yet Roman Catholics held Mass in Latin for hundreds of years. What scriptural evidence, if any, caused Latin to be picked over Greek? Was any ...
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14 votes
6 answers
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Is Latin considered a holy language in the Catholic Church?

I've heard that many Roman Catholic Churches still hold Mass services and particularly ceremonies (e.g. weddings) in Latin. Is this true, and if so why is Latin considered to be a better language than ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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What does "Habemus Papam" mean?

I'm seeing this phrase being displayed on all the news channels, in conjunction with a lot of cheering people under umbrellas who have been waiting for the new pope to be elected. Is there some sort ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Is there a special significance attached to a Latin Mass?

Every so often, one of my Catholic acquaintances will mention that they will be, or have just attended a Latin Mass. I know pretty much nothing about a Latin Mass, other than (obviously) that it's ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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What's the new rite in Tantum Ergo?

St. Thomas Aquinas' hymn Tantum Ergo, which is usually sung at Benediction, always seems better in Latin: Et antiquum documentum Novo cedat ritui: Mainly because in both the transliterated and ...
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