Questions tagged [history]

For questions related to history generally. Use the [church-history] tag for the history of the post-NT church.

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1answer
106 views

Who were the recepients of Christian monumental sculptures in the early middle ages (10th and 11th century)?

I am in the process of writing a paper about the bronze column commissioned by Bernwardus Hildesheimiensis, the bishop founder of Benedictine Monastery of St. Michael in Hildesheim, completed ...
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What is the oldest historical evidence of the Sabbath commandment?

What does history say about the practice of keeping the Sabbath holy? What is the oldest historical evidence of this commandment? Can we find evidence of Sabbath keeping prior to the Israelites and/or ...
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129 views

The Middle Ages as a Model for the Orderly Society?

I'm interested in finding books and studies (both for and against) the idea that Medieval European society had a kind of order that's desirable. Foundationally, there's a clear religious order--...
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Sin as a goal of man [closed]

God created Man. Only difference between human and animal is possibiity of sin. Hence God create man for only this purpose, commit sin. And from sin we glorify God. Are there exists in the past/...
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1answer
130 views

How does a Catholic theocracy differ from other Christian theocracies?

I'm taking a Catholic Church history class and the instructor said that life under a Catholic theocracy, like the Papal States, was different than life under a Protestant theocracy, but because most ...
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1answer
61 views

Are there any documented cases of paranormal activity preceding or during an exorcism?

Movies such as The Exorcist have popularized the notion of paranormal phenomena surrounding an episode of demonic possession. And after reading of someone's personal experiences with Catholic ...
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1answer
149 views

Are there any documented cases of “Acts 2 type” tongue speaking (i.e. understood by a foreigner) in recent history (19th century on)?

I'm aware of the existence of many Pentecostal and Charistmatic groups that believe in the gift of tongues and claim to be able to exercise it. In fact, one can very easily find lots of videos of ...
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Was charging interest on loans ever forbidden to laymen in the Eastern Orthodox Church? If so, when was this promulgated and when was it revoked?

According to Wikipedia, the First Council of Nicaea (325AD) forbade clergy, but not laymen, from charging interest on loans. Wikipedia also states that "later ecumenical councils applied this ...
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Which monk states that the Old Testament is about the Father and the New Testament about the Holy Ghost

Somebody mentioned to me in a conversation that there was a monk in the 13th century who held the belief that the OT is about the Father and the NT is about the Holy Ghost. The death and resurrection ...
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120 views

How did Christian Death Metal arise?

I happened to learn that Christian black/death metal bands, along with their niche community were a thing, and was curious when this started and what lead to such a movement, especially since the ...
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1answer
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Introduction to Catholicism, Protestantism, Presbyterianism, Anglican and Eastern Christian for kids

I'm quite ignorant on such different Christianity religions, on their history, main differences, and relations etc, so quite handicapped in introducing such to my 7 years old boy. I noticed there's a ...
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3answers
339 views

What is the historical evidence of people gagging, retching, dry heaving and vomiting during exorcisms?

A pattern I've noticed across multiple live recordings of exorcisms from totally independent sources is that in all of them you see the individuals being exorcised have intense gags. Here are a few ...
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During Assyria’s conquest of Israel, what side did Judah take?

Relations between Israel and Judah were fluid. They were sometimes allies and sometimes adversaries. During Assyria’s long campaign against Israel culminating in the siege of Samaria and subsequent ...
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How do different denominations defend their interpretations of Daniel 2's prophecy?

The second chapter of the book of Daniel talks about Nebuchadnezzar II's dream of a statue made of several metals and its prophetic significance for the future. I've heard people claim that this is a ...
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2answers
211 views

What were the views of the Church Fathers on Jews and Judaism during the Patristic Era?

I am currently learning about the holocaust in History class right now. It was mentioned that during the Middle Ages, some Christians were anti-semitic. I wondered how the Early Church (Pre-Schism) ...
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2answers
97 views

Ancient imagery beasts used in Christian symbolisms?

Ancient imagery beasts used in Christian symbolisms? We have all heard of unicorns! The unicorn is a legendary creature that has been described since antiquity as a beast with a single large, ...
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Will I get answers to all my questions when I die? [closed]

Sorry if this is way too open but I have so many questions about this world, religion, gods and what on earth is going on. I can't imagine anyone really would be able to answer these type of questions ...
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How is the new anti-conversion law going to affect Christians in India?

There is news that Modi government likely to bring bill to prevent religious conversion in next Parliament session There is currently this plea from persecution relief and a petition to be signed How ...
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1answer
369 views

On what basis do Evangelical apologists argue that Muhammad committed sin?

Muhammad claimed to be a Prophet of God, even God's last Prophet. As such his life should have been godly. There is not much of his life revealed in the Quran. What is spoken of sometimes needs one ...
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561 views

Evangelical Christians claim Jerusalem was destroyed in either 587 or 586 BCE. What is the evidence?

Whereas Jehovah's Witnesses believe Jerusalem was destroyed in 607 BC, many evangelical Christians who write on such things believe it was destroyed in either 587 or 586 BCE. Is there any Biblical ...
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5answers
377 views

Is there extra-biblical evidence for the Exodus?

I've heard from multiple sources that there isn't even the slightest of (extra-biblical) evidence of the Exodus story or even evidence for the presence of Israelites in Egypt. If this is true, why is ...
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2answers
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Did Mosaic covenants follow Ancient Near East Suzerain Treaties or was it the other way around?

I often heard theologians said that Mosaic covenant followed the structure of Ancient Near East (ANE) treaties that were there in Moses' time. For example, here is the view of Meredith Kline: Suzerain ...
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166 views

What formal methods and criteria could be used to evaluate the message of the bible? [closed]

My agnostic friend has asked for "formal evidence" of the Bible. How can one scientifically evaluate statements written over 2,000 years ago? Besides the historical evaluation of events, how to ...
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Were Jesus’ hands tied on the way to Calvary?

Traditions say that Jesus fell three times under the weight of the cross, out of which two instances took place after Simon of Cyrene had been entrusted to help Him carry the cross. One wonders ...
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The Explosion of Thera 1642–1540 BCE

If we take the eruption of Thera... Which I believe would have had a high impact on all the surrounding countries... Has anyone associated this event, even theoretically, to a Biblical event. Also ...
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335 views

According to Catholicism which parts of the Bible actually happened historically?

One of the things that have tested my faith is the question: Did the bible really happen? Was there really a "garden of Eden"? Was there a universal flood" And perhaps more importantly, how important ...
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Is there any biblical reference to a third temple being built? [closed]

In referrence to to end times; does the Bible say anywhere that a third temple will be built?
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Is there a script of St. Francis' “famous” speach in Bologna, the 15th of August of 1222?

I was reading a book about St. Francis and there is a mention about a "famous" speech he gave in the piazza of Bologna, the 15th of August of 1222. There are several descriptions around of this speech....
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533 views

What internal evidence supports the historicity of Abraham?

Is there any internal or small external evidence of Abraham's existence? I have heard a claim from skeptics that Abraham is just flat out invented figure who never existed and even COULDN'T have ...
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2answers
311 views

Who is Sheshbazzar? Is he the same person as Zerubabbel?

The Bible says: KJV Ezra 1:8 Even those did Cyrus king of Persia bring forth by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and numbered them unto Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah. But in the following ...
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What is the basis for believing that 40 lashes would be deadly (especially in Roman law or jurisprudence)?

I have commonly heard that 40 lashes were thought to be deadly and thus 39 were issued. It seems as though neither 40 nor 39 lashes had anything to do with the deadliness of the punishment in Jewish ...
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103 views

Source for Biblical Moral Stories [closed]

Does anyone know of a good book, website, or general source that focuses on telling the the different narrative form moral-stories of the Bible (e.g. Peter walks on water with Jesus, doubts it, then ...
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333 views

Is the sign of the Cross as well as the crucifix a Catholic “trade mark”?

Why do Catholics have crucifix in their home and Churches; priest, bishops, cardinals, popes and the faithful wear crucifix in their neck and make a sign of the cross before and after prayer and ...
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268 views

Were the scriptural readings at Mass ever other than Vulgate read at mass pre-Vatican II?

Vatican II allowed vernacular languages for rites. However, the official document about it (Sacrosantum Concilium) doesn't mention anything about Bible readings. Where readings already allowed to be ...
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2answers
289 views

Taking shoes off before closing a deal - is there an history evidence?

In bible (Ruth 4,7) it's written that before closing a deal, it was used that one of the sides took his shoes off: Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and ...
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Can somebody summarize the different “branches” of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

All my life, I've been massively confused about how there exists separate, seemingly incompatible and separate, "branches" of Christianity. I know about "protestant", "catholic" and then there's ...
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1answer
212 views

Why baptise or christen a child multiple times?

I'm researching my family tree and I'm currently investigating ancestors who lived in England in the 18th and 19th centuries (1700-1899). Many of these people were born before birth registrations were ...
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1answer
167 views

Was God discovered or did He reveal Himself?

If He was revealed, why did He wait so long to reveal Himself? Humans have been around for 100,000+ years.
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604 views

Did Jesus reject the apocrypha?

In this video, John Barnett says "Jesus rejected the apocrypha" at 2:06:46. He goes into detail to discuss how Jesus accepted particular writers but rejected others. Are there any scriptural ...
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139 views

Biblical or Historical Devil Worshipper?

I am writing a novel happening in 1346. In it, a satanist sect worships some relics of a person that embodies evil (a biblical or historical devil worshipper). In the novel, the chuch will unroot and ...
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166 views

What is the meaning of the stained glass above the altar at Votivkirche in Wien with the Portuguese Quinas on it?

I would like to know more information on a glass painting I found in the church Votivkirche in Wien (Vienna, Austria). Above the person with the shield there is the symbol of the Portuguese Quinas. ...
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462 views

Why is it that many Christians firmly believe that the wailing wall was part of the Temple?

In three of the four gospels Jesus predicts the destruction of the Temple, to the last stone. [Matthew 24:1-2] And Jesus went out from the temple, and was going on his way; and his disciples came to ...
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Is the Prophet Jonah the same Jonah as in 2 Kings 14:23-25?

If this is true, then Jonah prophesied that which did not come to pass, good favor from the Lord to Jeroboam. Then Amos 6:13-14 reverses this word of favor upon the evil king. So does this give us ...
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125 views

What was the concept of heaven people had before the death of Jesus?

Catechism of the Catholic Church Para 1026 states : "By his death and Resurrection, Jesus Christ has "opened" heaven to us....." At Luke 15:21 we see the repentant prodigal son declaring : ‘Father, ...
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154 views

What is Carlo Maria Viganò's religious order?

I was wondering in which religious order did Viganò got ordained as a priest (is he franciscan, jesuit, dominican)?
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403 views

Are these Messages between Pontius Pilate and Herod real?

Are the messages between Pontius Pilate and Herod real or are there no real epistles found between Herod and Pilate? The source, here is the exact part that I am talking about: From Pilate to ...
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107 views

Is There Any Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus like some papers or something? [duplicate]

Is there any historical evidence for the resurrection of Jesus like some papers or something or from some sources that are not from the bible . I am asking this because an atheist said to me ...
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4answers
272 views

Were birthdays celebrated by believers anywhere in Holy Scriptures? [closed]

Is there any mention of a birthday celebration among Old Testament Israelites or New Testament Christians in the Holy Scriptures?
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125 views

Do the Edomites, Moabites and Ammonites exist today?

I'm not sure if this is the right site for this type of question but I'm asking this because the Bible makes frequent references to these nations in prophecies, some of which pertain to the future, ...
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1answer
46 views

Essenes' Beliefs in Comparison to Christianity

Does anyone know (with sources) what the Essenes taught and believed in relation to what Christ taught? Sources are much appreciated.

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