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Questions tagged [history]

For questions related to history generally. Use the [church-history] tag for the history of the post-NT church.

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Did the ancient people knew that the LORD from Old Testament is not what God really is? [closed]

Once I heard that "Writings from ancient people don't separate fiction from what the point they are willing to make. What they do instead is to create characters and create a story illustrating ...
Vitor Figueredo Marques's user avatar
4 votes
8 answers
278 views

What lines of evidence and arguments refute the notion that the gospels are nothing more than dismissible 'reports of reports of reports of reports'?

In a previous question addressing skeptical analogies aiming to cast doubt on the evidential worth of testimonies for extraordinary claims, I cited this source which I'd like to revisit here with a ...
Mark's user avatar
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The Fast of the Third Month

Relative to research I'm doing, I wanted to pick the brains of the community at large and see if anyone had an answer to a question. Josephus states that Pompey took Jerusalem in the third month (...
AFrazier's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
140 views

When did the demand for explicit deity claims by Jesus emerge?

It is my opinion that the demand or challenge to point to explicit deity claims by Jesus in the Bible began in very recent times—possibly not until the 20th century, by groups that denied his deity. ...
Michael16's user avatar
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1 answer
37 views

How did Christianity change the treatment of women in the Roman Empire? [closed]

Christianity gets a bad reputation in its treatment of women in the modern day. However, when contrasting with the Roman Empire was it an improvement?
dimo's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
930 views

Why is Boaz's marrying a Moabitess accepted when later it was found necessary for Ezra to break up such a marriage?

Ezra's Drastic Divorces In the book of Ezra (ch. 9 and 10) we learn of Ezra being extremely agitated at the intermarriage of Jews with...Moabites. When I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my ...
ray grant's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
129 views

What's the history of using a worship set in church, rather than interspersed songs

I have heard the arguments for and against an extended time of worship at the start of a church service. My question, though, is more historical. Where did this approach to sung worship originate; as ...
simonalexander2005's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
371 views

What is the origin of the hymn "Fairest Lord Jesus"?

As I was listening to Christmas music over the holidays, I noticed that the popular Danish Christmas hymn "Dejlig er jorden" ("Beautiful is the world") shares a melody with the ...
njuffa's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
446 views

According to Catholicism, why are there so few miraculous healings of amputees, if any?

According to Catholicism, why are there so few miraculous healings of amputees, if any? This question is inspired from another post on this site: What are Christian apologetics refutations of the ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
219 views

How can the theory of Evolution be reconciled with passages in the New Testament that seem to refer to Adam and Eve as historical figures?

1 Timothy 2:11-14 11 Let a woman learn quietly with all submissiveness. 12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet. 13 For Adam was formed ...
Mark's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
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Was Stephen correct in his historical summation of Jewish history in the Book of Acts, Chapter 7?

Concerning the Book of Acts, Chapter 7, I would like to know if all Christians should accept that everything that Stephen had said about Jewish history in his speech before the Sanhedrin, particularly ...
user57467's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
75 views

Why is intellectual work not considered servile work?

Why is intellectual work not considered servile work prohibited by the 3rd Commandment on Sundays and feast days? Doesn't the soul need rest just as much as the body those days? St. Thomas, defending ...
Geremia's user avatar
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1 vote
5 answers
380 views

Herod Antipas' Motivation in Offering Half his Kingdom to Salome (Mark 6:21-23)?

Herod, on his birthday, gave a banquet for his courtiers, his military officers, and the leading men of Galilee. Herodias’s own daughter (named Salome in Josephus) came in and performed a dance that ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
58 views

Courage in Christians just about to be crucified

I saw on a YouTube channel a reference to a certain man that interviewed early Christians just about to be crucified. He said he saw only courage in them. Does anyone have a reference to this or know ...
daniel's user avatar
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1 answer
130 views

Bishop Heahmund's denomination?

What was the denomination of Bishop Heahmund from? If he is a Catholic bishop how did priestly celibacy work in that era? (The Vikings TV series shows him with multiple relationships)
Wenura's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
95 views

Looking for sources of Mediaeval church architecture that shows and\or explains hard to find architectural church additions?

Looking for sources of Mediaeval church architecture that shows and\or explains hard to find architectural church additions? I can recall visiting some old Medieval churches while in France and one ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
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Are there any estimates as to how many people witnessed the crucifixion of 'Christ'?

As the title says, I'm looking for a rough estimate as to how many people were present in person to directly witness the crucifixion. Book, websites, academic references, or really any source which ...
setszu's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
29 views

When, how, and in what form was Catherine of Siena's "Dialog" originally published?

I'm not sure about the book's title also. Here is a link to where you can get a PDF (it's public domain), where it's referred to as "Dialog of Catherine of Siena", but I've seen several ...
umeyume's user avatar
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0 answers
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Is there an English or German translation of "La Bible de Jérusalem : Edition revue et augmentée"?

An academic Theologian recommended to me the Jerusalem Bible as the one with the greatest amount of scholarly references. I purchased the "Reader's Edition" with the Dali illustrations (...
Matthias's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
72 views

Was there a transformation in the artistic depiction of the Crucifixion after the 12th century?

I am reading Ivan Illich's 1987 essay "Hospitality and Pain" (freely available to consult here) which concerns the Western conception of pain and the body. Illich claims, on page 13, that, ...
glhrmv's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Do references to the book of Jasher in the Bible prove that the book of Joshua was written after the death of Saul?

The book of Joshua references the book of Jasher (Joshua 10:13), as does 2 Samuel 1:18. However, the quote from the book of Jasher in 2 Samuel 1:23 references both Saul and Jonathan, both of whom ...
schulwitz's user avatar
  • 397
2 votes
3 answers
203 views

How did the disciples' view of the messiah evolve?

Numerous miracles and theophanies in the New Testament make clear the Christ was perceived to be divine. A range of epithets were used across the books, such as "Son of the Living God" ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

How would I write Jesus in in ancient Aramaic?

I would like to know how to print out Jesus is God in Aramaic specifically the Aramaic Christ spoke.
David 's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
595 views

What is the significance of the eagle which Herod had put up over the door of the temple?

In War 1.650ff, Josephus describes a confrontation between the Herod and the people over a statue of an eagle that he had put up over the entrance to the temple. What was the significance of this ...
George Osterlay's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
180 views

What are reasons (scientific or otherwise) to reject a literal and historical take on Noah's Flood (Genesis 6:9-9:17)?

Some Christians (e.g., Young-Earth Creationists) believe in a literal interpretation of the Genesis account. In particular, they believe in the historical occurrence of a massive worldwide flood that ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
738 views

How historically accurate are the first 3 books of the Maccabees?

The Books of the Maccabees recount the history of the Maccabees which include historical-theological narratives of the Maccabean Revolt. The major events and characters within the revolt itself have ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Arius' death was it miraculous or was he poisoned?

Arius' death was it miraculous or was he poisoned? Arius died in 336, at Constantinople of some gory intestinal disorder. Some believe that his death corresponded to the prayers of the Patriarch of ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 72.7k
2 votes
2 answers
398 views

History of creatio ex nihilo

I have recently read that many pagan religions have their creation myth being creation by bringing order to primordial chaos. The accounts, if you squint, are not that different from what we have in ...
kutschkem's user avatar
  • 5,603
2 votes
0 answers
53 views

Do the various branches of Christianity all claim to be representing the true content of the original foundation and original founder?

Someone I know made the following claim to me: "The various branches of Christianity all claim to be representing the true content of the original foundation and original founder." (As ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 29
4 votes
4 answers
1k views

Who is the last prophet in Catholicism?

Who is the last person regarded as a true prophet in Catholicism? What was his time frame when he was declared prophet by the Catholic church?
Arunabh's user avatar
  • 103
4 votes
3 answers
137 views

The matter of Pope Benedictus XVI and Nazism?

I am here trying to find sources about Pope Benedictus XVI and his history with Nazism. I don't really have a question, but I thought this would be a great place to find resources on this subject from ...
Bernardo Benini Fantin's user avatar
10 votes
7 answers
2k views

When is the phrase "Word of God" first used to refer to the Scriptures?

The phrase "Word of God" or "Word of the Lord" and variants are commonly used (at least among evangelicals) to refer to the Bible - i.e. the written words of the prophets and ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
229 views

How did the western Church arrive at such a state of corruption by the sixteenth century?

I want to know what went wrong in the Church for it to end up corrupt by the 16th century.
Musiimenta Mercy's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
136 views

Did Charles Dickens play any role in renewing the spirit of Christmas in modern times?

I just finished watching the movie: The man who invented Christmas. This got me asking the question: Did Charles Dickens played any real role in renewing (reviving) the spirit of Christmas (in the ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
746 views

Why are there astrological signs in some churches and abbeys?

There are Christian churches and abbeys including very old ones in Hungary where we can find frescos about astrological signs. These frescos are relative new, probably a few hundred years old. As far ...
inf3rno's user avatar
  • 113
3 votes
1 answer
98 views

What did pastors in the 1800s in the United States teach their congregations about interacting with Native Americans?

Background During the 1800s, Americans expanded farther west into the territory of Native Americans, which led to many interactions between settlers and Native Americans. From my limited but ...
jjasper's user avatar
  • 131
-1 votes
2 answers
449 views

Is there any historical evidence that Paul's letters may have been tampered with?

First question here, but thankfully I'm relatively familiar with Stack Exchange so hopefully this question should be a good fit for the site. There are multiple passages in the letters of Paul that ...
ArrayBolt3's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
78 views

Why would the priests bribe guards to lie when given clear evidence that Jesus was immortal? (Mt. 28:11-12) [closed]

Logic speaks to me that, no matter HOW much I hated someone, if given clear testimony from the best of the Roman guard that the guy fulfilled his own prediction and was raised from the dead by ...
Kumario's user avatar
  • 39
7 votes
3 answers
4k views

Is there any extra-biblical evidence that shows the apostles were martyred?

Church tradition tells us that most of the 12 apostles were martyred, with the apostle John being the only one considered to die an old death. Is there any extra-biblical evidence that shows the ...
ellied's user avatar
  • 550
3 votes
2 answers
89 views

What is the role of faith presuppositions related to whether the Gospel of Mark was embellished after the close of the apostolic era?

Over at the History Exchange site there is an interesting discussion on the topic of "Why can't the gospel of Mark be as late as 110 CE." A related question has been asked on this site in ...
Jess's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
190 views

Are there video recordings of humans said to be possessed by demons?

Are there video recordings of humans said to be possessed by demons? Has a claimed demon possession ever been recorded on camera? I'm open to answers from any Christian groups/denominations. Related ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
116 views

Do we know anything about the source material for the Old Testament?

The historical books especially fit so cleanly together that it would seem like possibly a whole bunch of historical records, traditions, and books were collected and form the source material. ...
kutschkem's user avatar
  • 5,603
0 votes
1 answer
207 views

Has an angel or a demon ever been recorded on camera?

Simple question: has an angel or a demon ever been recorded on camera? I'm open to answers from any Christian groups/denominations. Related questions: Has a healing miracle ever been recorded on ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
92 views

History of the formation of the Biblical canon. Searching for accessible bibliographical references

I am interested in finding bibliographical references narrating the formation of the Biblical canon in the first 5 centuries of the Christian era that are: Academic books or articles written by ...
MathOverview's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Extra-biblical evidence of "Joshua's long day" and "Hezekiah’s sign"?

Joshua 10:12–14 describes that the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down the space of one day. Victor Warkulwiz, Universe without Space and Time, ch. 2 claims Joshua’s ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 39.9k
2 votes
2 answers
132 views

According to Protestant NT scholars/historians did Gamaliel get the chronology & history wrong in Acts 5?

I was listening on (audio) to Wayne Grudem’s systematic theology and in the chapter on biblical inerrancy.. he mentioned some people dispute Gamaliel's historical accuracy on certain uprisings, and ...
Cork88's user avatar
  • 1,041
2 votes
1 answer
501 views

Did the early church believe in self defence?

Does any of the early church fathers teach that we as Christians are allowed to defend ourselves if our life is in severe danger and if so what church fathers taught this?
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
80 views

When (and by whom) did the term 'substitionary atonement' become widely used?

I was very surprised when I entered the words 'substitutionary atonement' into the Google Ngram Viewer and produced the graph below. The graph shows usage in literature from 1600 to 2019. This reports ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
58 views

How many hand written Vulgate manuscripts were accessible?

To understand the history of the Christian church, the accessibility of Vulgate manuscripts during the middle ages is of interest. What is known? Is there a date from which we may assume that all, or ...
Sapiens's user avatar
  • 432
1 vote
1 answer
117 views

Did the Jews in Our Lord’s time or earlier believe in a form of purgatory?

Purgatory is most often dismissed as being nothing more than a Roman Catholic belief, but does Judaism have a form of purgatory? (ie a place where our remaining sins are purged) or to quote from the ...
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