Questions tagged [peter]

One of the original 12 disciples. He was from Bethsaida in Galilee. Peter was crucified upside down as a result of his faith. He is considered to be the first Bishop and the first Pope by the Roman Catholic Church.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5 votes
3 answers
174 views

How does the Catholic Church explain their interpretation of Matthew 16:19 (Simon Peter as the first Pope) in light of Matthew 18:18?

In Matthew 16:18–19, Jesus says: And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto ...
0 votes
1 answer
100 views

How does St Peter's view on salvation reconcile with that of Jesus?

We read in Mt 21:31 : Which of the two did the will of his father?” They said, “The first.” Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are going into the kingdom of ...
6 votes
3 answers
503 views

What Tradition is Paul referring to when he admonishes us to "hold the traditions which ye have been taught"?

For those who do not agree with Sola Scriptura, which is scripture alone is the source for all things pertaining to your salvation, they often quote this from Paul. Therefore, brethren, stand fast, ...
  • 11.4k
3 votes
2 answers
202 views

How do Catholic Proponents of Priestly Celibacy Interpret Peter having a wife?

Catholics would say that Peter (by virtue of being first Pope) is a Bishop. How would such Catholics (though not all Catholics hold to this view) that say Priests must be unmarried and celibate ...
  • 4,124
1 vote
1 answer
71 views

What are the arguments for the Holy Magisterium?

What is the best piece of evidence Catholics have that Jesus started a Petrine ministry with Peter that follows succession? Bonus question: Who succeeded Peter?
  • 4,124
1 vote
2 answers
133 views

What is the view of Reformed Protestantism on those who were 'numbered with' the apostles but did not, as did Paul, receive Peter's approbation?

Paul, alone, receives the strong approbation of Peter and obtains Peter's clear emphasis that Paul's writings are 'scripture : ... even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given ...
  • 19.6k
0 votes
2 answers
439 views

How do Trinitarians interpret Acts 2:22 in terms of St. Peter's beliefs?

Acts 2:22 quotes St. Peter saying "Men of Israel, listen to this message: Jesus of Nazareth was a man certified by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs, which God did among you through Him,...
4 votes
1 answer
173 views

According to Catholicism, are Popes expected to receive power by the Holy Spirit to operate in the miraculous as Peter did?

The Bible records many instances where Peter operated in the supernatural by the power of the Holy Spirit. For example: Peter was among the disciples that were filled with the Holy Spirit at Pentecost:...
0 votes
0 answers
33 views

What is the biblical basis for the belief that Papal supremacy can be passed on from person to person over time? [duplicate]

I know that Matthew 16:18 is commonly cited as the biblical basis for the Papal supremacy of Peter, who is viewed by Catholics as the first Pope. However, what is not yet clear to me is the biblical ...
1 vote
1 answer
3k views

What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified?

What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified? What I’ve heard is Peter was about the same age as Jesus (30-33), while John was an older teenage, approximately 18. This ...
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

Was Peter poor and uneducated before he met Jesus?

Peter is sometimes depicted as a poor uneducated fisherman before he met Jesus (I am referring to quite a few homilies I have heard in different churches). Do we know what languages he spoke? Did he ...
's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
350 views

Peter's hypocrisy?

From this link, the word hypocrite is rooted in the Greek word hypokrites, which means “stage actor, pretender, dissembler.” So think of a hypocrite as a person who pretends to be a certain way, but ...
  • 2,158
2 votes
1 answer
224 views

Was James the early church leader?

In Acts 15 Paul goes to the Jerusalem council and, although Peter speaks, James has the last word and announces his judgement: "Therefore my judgment is that we should not trouble those of the ...
  • 11.2k
2 votes
1 answer
130 views

Did Paul recognize Peter as the earthly leader of the Church?

By suggestion this is a re-posting of one part of a multipart question. Paul appears (under inspiration of the Spirit) indifferent to whatever reputation may have been ascribed to James, Peter, and ...
  • 11.2k
3 votes
0 answers
165 views

Did Paul consider Peter as the Leader of the Church? [closed]

From whichever theologies hold Peter to have been the first and highest authority in the visible Church I would like two questions answered, please. Please indicate which tradition you are speaking ...
  • 11.2k
3 votes
2 answers
169 views

According to Catholicism, does Matthew 16:18 justify that the Catholic Church is the one true church?

According to Catholicism, does Matthew 16:18 ("thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.") justify that the Catholic Church is the ...
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Was God "unmerciful" to Ananias & Sapphira in Acts 5:1-10?

Mercy in the words of the Popes; “God’s face is the face of a merciful Father who is always patient. Have you thought about God’s patience, the patience he has with each one of us? That is his mercy. ...
2 votes
3 answers
196 views

Why is the Last Place on Earth St. Peter Founded the Seat of his Authority?

The (Roman) Catholic Church agrees that Peter founded different churches, like at Antioch or Rome, but it claims that it is only at the last place Peter lived or died is to where his supposed ...
  • 11.4k
6 votes
5 answers
2k views

Is there any evidence to support the claim that the Apostle St. Peter founded the Church in Antioch and, if so, what are the implications?

According to tradition, the Apostle Peter founded the Church in Antioch in A.D. 34 and is regarded as the first Bishop of Antioch. Here are a few extracts from sources I found regarding this claim: ...
  • 25.3k
3 votes
1 answer
44 views

When was the festival of the see of Peter in the 6th Century?

I've been researching the Decrees of the second Council of Tours (AD 567), specifically Canon XXI: Some still hold fast the old error, that they should honour the 1st of January. Others, on the ...
4 votes
3 answers
889 views

Was Peter ever in Rome? [duplicate]

Is there any Biblical or historical evidence that Peter ever went to Rome? If not, how can Peter be considered the first Pope? Please note that unlike the following questions (What evidence is there ...
's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
281 views

Promises of God that help us partake in His divine nature

What are the promises referred to by Peter in 2 Peter 1:4 through which we can partake of the divine nature and escape the corruption that is in the world by lust? What are the views regarding this ...
11 votes
4 answers
20k views

What is the biblical basis for seeing Saint Peter at the gates of heaven?

I was taught that Saint Peter is at the gates of heaven, and you have to pass him to get in. Answers to a recent question suggest this is not true. What is the biblical basis for seeing Saint Peter ...
6 votes
3 answers
9k views

What is the age at which Peter the Apostle died?

In John 21:18–19 (RSVCE) we hear Jesus telling Peter: “Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were young, you girded yourself and walked where you would; but when you are old, you will stretch out ...
0 votes
3 answers
596 views

What are the sources concerning the deaths of Peter and Paul

Where do we learn that the deaths of Peter and Paul were during the Neronic persecutions of 64 - 68 AD? What is the source of this information and is it considered valid?
2 votes
1 answer
156 views

Refute perceived differences in the Gospel between Peter and Paul from Sola Scriptura perspective [closed]

What is the biblical evidence in keeping with the Protestant, Sola Scriptura perspective, for refuting a claim that Paul's gospel differed from Peter's gospel? I see in Scripture: 2 Peter 1:1-2 ...
  • 533
1 vote
2 answers
123 views

Could there have been a different translation for Matthew 14:28? (Catholic perspective)

At Matthew 14:25-28 we read: And early in the morning he came walking toward them on the sea. But when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were terrified, saying, "It is a ghost!" And ...
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Wasn't Peter just trying to avoid getting caught when he denied Jesus three times? [closed]

Simon Peter's denial of Jesus is seen as a horrible sin, but it seems to me that it wasn't that bad; Peter was among enemies and they surely would have taken Peter or sent him out if they found out he ...
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why did St. Peter propose to make different tents at the time of Christ's Transfiguration? (Catholic perspective)

At Matthew 17:4 we hear St. Peter exclaiming at the Transfiguration of Christ: “Lord, it is well that we are here; if you wish, I will make three booths here, one for you and one for Moses and one ...
1 vote
2 answers
245 views

According to the Catholic Church, when Peter briefly walked on water, was it a miracle attributed to him?

According to Catholic Church was Peter being able to at least for a few steps walk on water attributed to him as his first miracle? Or is it understood that it was Jesus using the power given him by ...
  • 6,924
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

How far was Peter from Jesus when he denied him? [closed]

In The Gospel of Luke it says: Luke 22: 61- and the Lord turned and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me ...
  • 129
5 votes
0 answers
90 views

Does the Catholic Church in Turkey celebrate the Feast of the Chair of St Peter at Antioch?

Prior to the changes to the General Roman Calendar in 1969, Catholics of the Roman Rite celebrated two Feasts of the Chair of St. Peter. The Feast of the Chair of St. Peter at Antioch was celebrated ...
  • 55.5k
4 votes
1 answer
125 views

Has there ever existed a Catholic local church feast at Rome in honor of the Domine Quo Vadis?

The Church of St. Mary in Palmis at Rome, originally was called the Church of Domine Quo Vadis. The title of this church takes its' name from a pious tradition that St. Peter one day decided to leave ...
  • 55.5k
-1 votes
2 answers
354 views

What did Jesus mean in Matthew 16:18? [closed]

When Jesus proclaimed that Peter was his Rock in Matthew 16:18-19, did he mean that Peter was given divine authority to change God's commandments and or statutes here on earth?
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why did Simon Peter react so violently?

In John 18, when Jesus is in the Garden on Gethsemane, Judas approaches with a mob of Pharisees and soldiers, coming to arrest Him. 4 Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and ...
6 votes
2 answers
620 views

Reconciling Peter in Acts with Deuteronomy/Psalms on the burden of the Law?

Peter is cited in Acts 15:10-11 as saying to the Jerusalem Council, "Now then, why do you try to test God by putting on the necks of Gentiles a yoke that neither we nor our ancestors have been able to ...
9 votes
2 answers
488 views

What exactly is Peter's connection to Rome according to Catholic dogma?

This answer confused me. I tried wading through the sources, but then I decided I'd just ask here. According to Catholic dogma: Was Peter ever in Rome? I'm sure the answer is yes, but I'd like to see ...
14 votes
3 answers
10k views

What evidence is there that Peter was a bishop in Rome?

The Encyclopaedia Brittanica says The claims that the church of Rome was founded by Peter or that he served as its first bishop are in dispute and rest on evidence that is not earlier than the ...
8 votes
3 answers
3k views

What are the Church fathers' arguments that Peter is the rock?

The Roman Catholic Church asserts that the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, is the legitimate successor of the apostle Peter, the "rock" upon whom the Lord Jesus Christ founded his Church, according to its ...
's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
2k views

How does the Catholic Church explain their belief that Jesus chose Peter to build upon?

Jesus was God and knew well the character and faults of Peter his disciple. The gospels give us a look at his impetuosity, asking Jesus 'if it is you, tell me to walk on the water'; arrogance, ...
  • 888
7 votes
8 answers
3k views

Why did Ananias die?

In Acts 4:32-5:11, Ananias dies when Peter asks him why he has held some of the proceeds of the sale of his property back from the communal pot. However, it is not made clear that he promised to give ...
6 votes
3 answers
858 views

What is the biblical basis for the argument against the Catholic teaching on the primacy of Peter?

The Catholic Church uses, for example, the following NT passages in support of its teaching on the primacy of Peter: Mt 16:13-20. Lk 22-31-34. Jn 21:15-23. What is the biblical basis that argues ...
's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
64k views

Why did Jesus favor Peter, James and John more than the other disciples? [closed]

It's clear that Peter, James and John witnessed more miracles that Jesus did than the other disciples. Why weren't the other disciples permitted to see the miracles that Jesus performed like Peter, ...
  • 936
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Slavery verses on the bible (1 Peter 2:18-20) [duplicate]

Is it ok to have slavery according to bible? Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. For this is thankworthy, if a man ...
's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
682 views

What is the evidence that the bones found under St. Peter's Basilica are actually St. Peter's bones?

There were some bone fragments found under St. Peter's Basilica in the 1940's. Pope Paul VI said in 1968 that the bones were "identified in a way that we can consider convincing." What is the ...
  • 12.9k
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Where did the Petrine title of "First Among Equals" originate?

Contrary to the Roman Catholic assertion that Peter and his successors are the Supreme Pontiff, the Orthodox Catholic Churches assert that Peter and his successors hold the honorary title of the First ...
's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

To whom do the Eastern Orthodox Church's believe the "Keys to the Kingdom" were given by Jesus?

"I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” (Matthew 16:19) This is the ...
's user avatar
15 votes
8 answers
20k views

Why did Jesus change Peter's name, according to non-Catholic theology?

I have been discussing Matthew 16:18 for years now with both Catholics and non-Catholics. This verse is obviously a very important verse concerning the doctrine of the Bishop of Rome being Supreme ...
's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
2k views

Is the present-day Roman Catholic Church the same church on which it was founded? [closed]

Is the present-day Roman Catholic Church the same church on which it was founded? The Roman Catholic Church holds that the first pope was St. Peter, and his burial became the St. Peter's Basilica. If ...
  • 6,735
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Do any Protestant groups teach that Paul founded the Church and not Peter?

I have always been told that Peter was the head of the entire Church at the time of Christ. However, James was apparently leader of the Church in Jerusalem, and Paul started a number of churches ...
  • 1,241