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The language of Greece and the Greek Empire, a form of which (Koine greek) was spoken in the early centuries AD and in which early manuscripts of the New Testament were written.

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What is the meaning of the "mark" in the original text of the Book of Revelation?

An English version of the relevant part of the Scripture is this: "16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their ...
Gray Sheep's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
57 views

Why do Christians use "Lord" and "God" instead of "Yehueh" and "Elohim"?

Sefer Ha-Mitzvoth of Maimonides, Volume two, Negative Commandment 63: "Neither shalt thou profane the name of they God: I am the Lord." Lev. XVIII, 21. "And you shall not let any of ...
Bruce Craig's user avatar
3 votes
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109 views

What do "those grand lines in the Greek Tragedy" refer to (St. John Henry Newman quote)?

In his essay "The Syllabus" (which refers to the Syllabus of Errors attributable to Pope Bl. Pius IX.), St. John Henry Newman writes: The above is taken from pg. 105 of Newman's Letter to ...
DDS's user avatar
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In the Writings of the Ancient Greeks---"God is Everywhere Implied"

Elements of monotheism seem to have existed in the philosophies of at least several of the celebrated ancient Greek philosophers; e.g., Parmenides, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. A while back, I ...
DDS's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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Learning New Testament Greek through Bible verses

I have been searching the internet for hours but the only resource I could discover so far that teaches biblical Greek a bit like I imagine is Little Greek 101: Learning New Testament Greek It's not ...
Reto's user avatar
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5 answers
174 views

Did Greek weigh more heavily on Bible study than Latin historically, while it is the opposite today?

I have heard that students of Christian Theology study Latin for a better understanding the religion. I haven't heard about them learning Greek. Is it the same case for both Catholics and Protestants? ...
Tim's user avatar
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Which "Hell" is Being Alluded to in Matt. 16:18?

In Matt: 16:18 And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. (Douay-Rheims) The underlying Greek uses the ...
DDS's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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On the English equivalents of κυρικόν and κυριακόν

From ``Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma'' by Ludwig Ott: According to St. Francis de Sales: ``Church comes from the Greek word meaning to call. Church then signifies an assembly, or company of persons ...
DDS's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
106 views

Connections Between "Gates of Hell" and Heresies from a Catholic Standpoint

Matthew 16:18 And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. (Douay-Rheims) Some commentary regarding the &...
DDS's user avatar
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Question about the letters in the Mandylion Icon

I am trying to determine what language the letters around Christ's head in the Mandylion Icon are written in and what they are equivalent to in English. I think in the Icon above, they are ancient ...
Tikhon's user avatar
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From which Greek text is the 'Bible in Basic English' translated?

I have been unable to find out whether the new testament part of the Bible in Basic English is translated from the 'Received Text' (Textus Receptus) or from the Westcott & Hort/Nestle Aland '...
Nigel J's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
160 views

Rev. 13:18---"Number of a Man" or "Number of Man"?

Rev. 13:18 in, for example, the Douay-Rheims Bible, is given as follows: Here is wisdom. He that hath understanding, let him count the number of the beast. For it is the number of a man: and the ...
DDS's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
386 views

Does Presbuteros mean priest? [duplicate]

According to Catholic and Orthodox apologists, priests in the New Testament are called "elders" and to defend this, they say that the Greek word Presbuteros means priests, but is this true?
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2 votes
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The old "Greek Parse" font Filename [closed]

Decades ago, before Unicode, I created a number of documents using a font called "Greek Parse." I now want to access this information, but I cannot find a place to download this old font. ...
Harvey's user avatar
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2 answers
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Do Christians use ancient Greek polytheistic connotations when defining the literal meaning of Hell?

Hell Christian theology invokes a very frightening image of Hell, which is quite close to how the ancient Greeks envisaged Tartarus. Wikipedia In Christian theology, Hell is the place or state into ...
John Strachan's user avatar
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5 answers
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Is Ignatius' claim that Christians didn't keep the Sabbath correctly translated?

According to this pro-Sabbatarian source, Ignatius' statement, normally translated thus, is incorrect (emphasis mine): If then those who had walked in ancient practices attained unto newness of hope, ...
The Editor's user avatar
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4 answers
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2 Thessalonians 2:4 - What is the biblical basis for thinking the Antichrist/Man of Lawlessness will set himself up in a rebuilt temple in Jerusalem?

Yesterday I was asked if 2 Thessalonians 2:4 suggests that the Antichrist will sit on God’s throne in a rebuilt temple in Jerusalem. Speaking prophetically about “the man of sin, the son of perdition”...
Lesley's user avatar
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Greek or any other language New Testament edition or document(s) predating the Old Latin (Vetus Latina) translation?

I've been told that the Vetus Latina (Old Latin) translation of the New Testament is oldest edition/version of the New Testament texts available to the public. It seems some of the "originals&...
ylluminate's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
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In the 325 Nicene Creed, what is the meaning of "of" in the phrase, "He is of another substance or essence?"

The views that are condemned in the last part of the Nicene Creed may be divided as follows: There was a time when he was not (Wikipedia). Or probably more literally, “There was when He was not” (...
Andries's user avatar
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Did any Early Church Fathers avoid the philosophical use of the term 'ousia'?

The origin of the use of the Greek word οὐσία to refer to an attribute of Deity is queried, and answered, on this site ; the source being from Greek philosophers, not the apostles. The word is only ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
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What is the Protestant understanding of the Greek "anamnesis" and "poieo" in Luke 22:19?

The Roman-Catholic Church argues that Christ has established the ministerial priesthood (as distinct from the priesthood of all believers, cf. 1 Peter 2:9), at the first supper. Particularly, ...
Dan's user avatar
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Why does "holiness" mean "set apart" (if it does)?

It is very commonly stated that "holiness" means "set apart". What is the scriptural, linguistic, or other basis for this repeated claim? Specifically: On what basis is it claimed ...
David Bevan's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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What is a free online New Testament commentary you recommend for diving into the historical/cultural context and the Greek/manuscripts? [closed]

Although I grew up with a Bible and went to a "church," I was raised in a pseudo-Christian group but I converted to orthodox Christianity. So I am planning on reading the entire New ...
Heyitsme's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
911 views

Were ALL 1st century Christians called “saints” by saints Paul, Jude, John etc, as they addressed all believers reading their NT writings as ‘saints’

My Q is concerned purely with how the NT seems to address all 1st century Christians as “saints” even while they were living. Of course, it also addresses martyred saints e.g. in Revelation 6:9-11: “...
Anne's user avatar
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4 votes
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Do any Church Fathers speak about the similarity between εσωσεν and Ιησους?

The Greek verb for "he saves" is εσωσεν (esosen), and the Greek transliteration of the Hebrew name of Jesus (Yeshua, meaning Saviour, but coming from the Hebrew yoshia, meaning "He saves") is Ιησους (...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
493 views

What was the reason why the Jews specifically used the substitute Adonay/Kyrios for the Tetragrammaton?

God has one name. ‘’I am Yhwh and that is my name’’ (אֲנִ֥י יְהוָ֖ה ה֣וּא שְׁמִ֑י Isaiah 42:8). In the Hebrew Pentateuch the name of God was the Tetragrammaton (the four letter) ‘Yhwh’. The Jews ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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How do Jehovah’s Witnesses explain the unique wording of Colossians 1:15-17 in the NWT?

Compare the wording of the NWT and the NKJV at Colossians 1:15-17 NKJV says 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. 16 For by Him all things were created that are ...
Kris's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
502 views

Is the Greek word Protoktistos used anywhere in the Bible?

Arguing against the teaching that Jesus is a created being, some point out that calling him the firstborn of all creation (Colossians 1:15) does not mean the first created. The trinitarian will often ...
Kris's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
10k views

Is there any ancient or modern connection between the word "sin" and the sport of archery?

I recently learned that in the Bible, the word "sin" comes from Hebrew and Greek words that mean "missing the mark". In the Faith section of my local newspaper, a minister recently said: The word “...
Alamb's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
258 views

What did the original Christian writings look like during the 1st century CE?

It is said (from what I've read), from a few Google searches related to "when was the new testament first written", that the New Testament was written down somewhere between 30CE and 150CE, rough ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 335
4 votes
0 answers
162 views

What is the Greek word for a non-essential Christian doctrine?

What is the Greek word that starts with a that means nonessential points of faith? It is contrasted with essential dogma, and refers to areas of disagreement which are not critical for Christian faith....
sondra.kinsey's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
57 views

Did Erasmus use Codex Basilensis for his Novum Instrumentum omne?

I am looking for a definitive answer to whether or not Erasmus used Codex Basilensis 'A. N. III. 12 (07 on the list Gregory-Aland) — the four Gospels in Greek in uncial letters; 8th century' in his ...
InfinitelyManic's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
101 views

Recommendations for Ancient Greek NT "versions"

What are some methods I can use to look for and find an Ancient Greek Bible that I can buy and use? My goal is to find one that would be as accurate as possible to the manuscripts. If my use of "...
Lott99's user avatar
  • 318
5 votes
1 answer
342 views

Was the Athanasian Creed ever translated into Koine Greek? If so, where can I find the text?

I am aware that it was most likely originally composed in Latin (this is why it is highly unlikely that St. Athanasius himself wrote it) but has anyone ever tried translating it into Koine Greek? If ...
7MessRobHackOpen's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
3k views

Did the original Greek scriptures use upper and lower case letters, in particular for "Holy Ghost"?

Most English translations captialize "Holy Ghost". Which is true: The original Greek capitalized it too. The original Greek capitalized proper nouns, but not these. The original Greek didn't ...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
987 views

Was there no word for son in law in Biblical Koine Greek?

I find it hard to believe that there was no word for that kind of thing but this source explains that Jesus' genealogy is harmonized by that claim. I really want that claim to be true and solidly ...
Calicoder's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
146 views

Why is hell more prominent in the NT and not the OT?

This question came to me after reading the following excerpt from Wikipedia's entry on Hell: "Early Judaism had no concept of Hell, although the concept of an afterlife was introduced during the ...
Judicaël's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
558 views

Where can I find the 5800 Greek NT Manuscript copies? [closed]

How do we know 5800 is a correct figure if we can't even locate these manuscripts? How reliable is this figure? Which libraries in which countries in the world hold these manuscripts? Who first found ...
Katherine's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
262 views

Greek- what's the difference between Ιησοῖ, Ιησούς, and Ιησού?

I've been looking through the Septuagint and NT Greek manuscripts online and seen these different forms of the name for both Joshua and Jesus. Can someone please explain to me the differences?
diego b's user avatar
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1 answer
186 views

What is the original appearance and sound of the Nicene Creed? [closed]

There are numerous places on line where one can see the modern Greek text of the creed and hear it read. I would like to know how differently the original 4th century text would appear in a ...
Jerry's user avatar
  • 21
5 votes
1 answer
295 views

Greek orthodox prophecy of the messiah in Meteora

I have attached an image. This week I traveled to Meteora, Greece to visit the Great Monastery. I found a text there quoting famous Greek persons from ancient times (BC/BCE) writing about a messiah ...
Holzkopf's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
418 views

What's the Greek manuscripts of John with the oldest discovery date?

I'm trying to figure out what are the oldest complete manuscripts of the Gospel of John in Greek. New Testament (Wikipedia) For example, papyrus 66 They say 66 is the oldest and nearly complete; ...
john's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
1k views

How are Orthodox monastic names chosen?

Orthodox monks seem to always acquire monastic names when they join a monastery. Thus Mikhail became Macarius. (They also acquire a "seminary surname" if they did not have one already, though this ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
346 views

Earliest use of the term triune

According to dictionary.com, the origin of the term triune was between: 1595–1605; tri- + -une < Latin ūnus one What are some of the earliest uses of the English triune, as well as it's Latin ...
Cannabijoy's user avatar
  • 2,492
-1 votes
1 answer
63 views

What New Testament passages clearly show "healing | ἰάομαι" indicates a spiritual (not physical) healing"? [closed]

The dictionaries I have seen claim "ἰάομαι" can mean physical or spiritual healing.
user7718224's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
365 views

Is a word [letter] and [scripture] in 2 Peter 3:16 the same meaning?

2 Peter 3:16 He writes the same way in all his letters, speaking in them of these matters. His letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people ...
karma's user avatar
  • 2,386
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

How is the Vulgate rendering of Romans 5:12 explained (Roman Catholic perspective)?

The Greek text (Textus Receptus) of Romans 5:12 reads: δια τουτο ωσπερ δι ενος ανθρωπου η αμαρτια εις τον κοσμον εισηλθεν και δια της αμαρτιας ο θανατος και ουτως εις παντας ανθρωπους ο θανατος ...
guest37's user avatar
  • 5,677
10 votes
2 answers
6k views

What is the history behind/Origin of the doxology that often gets added to the end of the Lord's prayer? [duplicate]

Quite often when I hear Protestants recite the Lord's prayer, they include a doxology on the end "For the kingdom the power and he glory are yours, now and forever". I can't find this doxology in the ...
TheIronKnuckle's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
5k views

What is the relation between the Logos of Greek Philosophy and the Logos in Christianity?

The first known mention of the "logos" was by Greek philosopher Heraclitus who lived around 535 - 475 BC. The idea was subsequently developed further by other philosophers such as Aristotle. The ...
TheIronKnuckle's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

What version of the bible do Greek speaking Christians use?

Do Greek speaking Christians still use the Septuagint and original New Testament text? Or do they have a "modern Greek translation"? I ask because the New Testament is 2000 years old, presumably the ...
TheIronKnuckle's user avatar