31 votes
Accepted

If both the Orthodox and Catholic Church affirm salvation by grace through faith, why did the Protestant Reformation happen?

Because the Catholic Church doesn't teach that we attain salvation only through the reception of God's grace by faith. That's why the Protestant teaching is called sola fide! The Catholic Catechism ...
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18 votes

According to Orthodox Christianity, did God die on the cross at Calvary?

From the Orthodox POV, the answer is unequivocally yes. The Orthodox understand John 1:14 literally: And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only ...
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  • 3,538
14 votes

What objective, foolproof method do Eastern Orthodox have for working out which side is correct in the case of a Schism?

In essence you are asking an epistemological question: How can one side "know" that it is correct in a theological debate? The question could just as well apply to any Christian body, let alone the ...
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  • 5,372
13 votes
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What does 'ages of ages' mean, specifically?

The phrase comes from the Bible. It’s a fairly wooden translation of the Greek idiom εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων. Many English translations instead use “forever and ever” or something along those lines,...
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  • 4,242
13 votes
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Who is this Saint?

It is almost certainly John Chrysostom. Compare your image with the middle figure of this icon of the Three Hierarchs The middle figure is labeled Chrysostom. To the left of him is Basil the Great. ...
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  • 3,538
11 votes
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Was there a "cessation of church fathers" in Catholicism?

There isn't really a bright line distinction, but John of Damascus (died ~750) is often cited as the last one. For example, Catholic.com: the death of St. John Damascene [cir. A.D. 750] is generally ...
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10 votes
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Why does the Eastern Orthodox Church dislike the idea that the Spirit proceeds from the Son?

I don't think I could improve upon the summary at the Orthodox Wiki: Objections on doctrinal grounds It is contrary to Scripture, particularly in John 15:26: "But when the Helper comes, whom I ...
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10 votes
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It Still Confuses Me: Who can receive Communion where (Catholic/Orthodox)?

The Catholic Church permits the Orthodox to receive the Eucharist in a Catholic service, but cautions them to observe their own disciplines. For example, OSCCB offers: Members of the Orthodox ...
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  • 3,538
9 votes

Why doesn't the Orthodox church consider Saint Augustine Doctor and Father?

There is a certain amount of freedom within the various Christian Churches to employ or ascribe certain titles to particular saints or blessed in their own way (or traditions). The title of Doctor ...
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9 votes
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What version of the bible do Greek speaking Christians use?

The language has certainly changed. As such, translations into modern Greek are used. Today's Greek Bible is often used, and translations by the Hellenic Bible Society have the Blessing and Approval ...
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  • 6,907
9 votes
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From the perspective of Roman Catholicism, what do Orthodox churches have to do to become "Eastern Catholic Churches"?

The Vatican II document which talks about the Eastern Churches is Orientalium Ecclesiarium. In it, the Conciliar Fathers turn their attention to these Churches and their Orthodox counterparts. In ...
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  • 2,785
9 votes
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On what bases do Eastern-Orthodox reject total depravity?

This answer summarizes portions of the argument against total depravity presented by Alexander J. Renault in his book entitled "Reconsidering TULIP". Eastern Orthodox Christians agree that sin has ...
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  • 6,907
9 votes
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Do the Catholics consider Orthodox Christians heretics?

No. Perhaps the best statement of the current Roman Catholic position on the schism can be found in Unitatis Redintegratio from Vatican II. Essentially, the Roman Catholic Church holds that the ...
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8 votes
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Is Eastern Orthodox Christianity against doing yoga or meditation?

I don't think there is any council-wide declaration about this, but most of the clergy will advise against such practices. To see why, we need to look into the traditional orthodox spirituality (...
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  • 2,017
8 votes

Do heterodox have a guardian angel as well? (Eastern Orthodox perspective)

Of course. God does not have one oekonomia for Orthodox Christians and another for non-Orthodox. The Orthodox doctrine of guardian angels is witnessed in the Old Testament as well as in the ...
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  • 5,372
8 votes
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Does the Russian Orthodox Church recognize Adolf Hitler as a Saint?

Does the Russian Orthodox Church recognize Adolf Hitler as a Saint? The short answer is no. There is no liturgical celebration for the above said person known infamously as Adolf Hitler in the Russian ...
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7 votes

Are there theological differences between the Greek Orthodox church and the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox church?

Christology basically, The Coptic Church (Also known as the Alexandrian Church) is part of a larger "[Old] Oriental Orthodox" group encompassing Orthodox Churches of Syria, Armenia, Malankara-Indian,...
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7 votes
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Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of "the Monarchy of the Father" consistent with the Athanasian creed?

The official Orthodox answer to this question can be seen most clearly in the answers to two questions in the Revised Catechism: 094 What difference is there between the Persons of the Holy Trinity?...
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7 votes

What does 'ages of ages' mean, specifically?

Aion/ Aeon A closer-to-original-form translation of unto ages of ages is "into [the] aeons of [the] aeons," from Greek eis tous aionas ton aionon, occurring regularly as part of an ovation formula in ...
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  • 368
7 votes
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Are Russian Orthodox Christians considered heretics by Roman Catholicism?

The primary difference between the Eastern Orthodox churches and the Catholic Church is the refusal of the former to acknowledge the primacy of the Pope. This is a discussion that dates back well over ...
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7 votes
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How do Eastern Christians explain Jesus "sending" the Holy Spirit in John 15:26?

In reality, John 15:26 supports both the Eastern Orthodox and the (Western) Catholic positions, because (at least as far as the Catholic Church is concerned) both positions are valid and complementary....
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7 votes
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What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Orthodox/Greek/Eastern View)

Salvation (σωτηρία) Like non-Orthodox, Orthodox believe that salvation culminates in the attainment of eternal life in God. The path to this attainment in the Orthodox view, is one of purification ...
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  • 5,372
7 votes

Is it appropriate (as a Catholic) to make the sign of the cross when passing an Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox or Church of the East church?

Is it appropriate for a Catholic to make the sign of the cross when passing an Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox or Church of the East church? Of course it is! It is also a tradition for some ...
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  • 53k
7 votes
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What is the origin of the Orthodox belief that Sts. Joseph and Mary were betrothed but not married?

To understand the difference in position, we need to understand Jewish marriage customs at the time of Mary and Joseph, and the ambiguity it already carries by considering betrothal as legally married ...
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7 votes

Can Patron Saints be "dethroned"?

Patron saints are not, in general, centrally designated by the Vatican. (St Thomas More is a notable exception. He was declared patron saint of statesmen and politicians by the motu proprio E Sancti ...
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  • 18.3k
7 votes
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How is the date of Easter set on the Orthodox calendar?

The Orthodox Churches continue to use the Julian Calendar with the result the equinox is assumed to be 13 days later than it really is. March 21 Julian is April 3 in the Gregorian Calendar commonly ...
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