31 votes
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If both the Orthodox and Catholic Church affirm salvation by grace through faith, why did the Protestant Reformation happen?

Because the Catholic Church doesn't teach that we attain salvation only through the reception of God's grace by faith. That's why the Protestant teaching is called sola fide! The Catholic Catechism ...
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20 votes

To a YEC, how does a metaphorical interpretation of Genesis 1-3 distort the gospel?

An extremely simple argument for this sense is to consider the following two questions: Q1. Does the epistle of Romans assume and rely on an essentially literal* interpretation of the fall of man (cf....
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17 votes
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What is the basis that some Protestants teach the non-necessity of baptism for salvation?

Why do Protestants teach the non-necessity of baptism for salvation? Those who see baptism as something additional to salvation might use the following verses; Luke 23:43 And Jesus said unto him, ...
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  • 4,577
16 votes

What is the basis that some Protestants teach the non-necessity of baptism for salvation?

Let me state the views of those who believe baptism is not necessary for salvation. (It's not just Protestants by the way - Catholics teach that actual physical baptism is not absolutely necessary for ...
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16 votes

Which theory of the atonement did C. S. Lewis hold?

C. S. Lewis is well-known for not calling himself a theologian. Rather than seeking a systematic theological perspective, he understood the story of Christ as a "true myth." As he explains:...
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16 votes
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Did the disagreement between the Catholic Church and Protestant Church on the issue of salvation by grace alone end in 1999?

The Joint Declaration on Justification The document that bishop Palmer is likely referring to is the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, created in 1999 by the Lutheran World ...
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15 votes

How do believers in eternal conscious separation/torment reconcile their belief with Jesus' words at Matthew 10:39?

Your argument that writhing in the lake of fire constitutes life is your flawed premise. That's the second death. That may not comport with your preconception of 'life'; that is, any conscious state, ...
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14 votes

Can a married woman enter heaven if she bears no children?

Yes she can You're probably getting tripped up by this passage: 1 Timothy 2:13-15 ESV For Adam was formed first, then Eve; and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a ...
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14 votes

Looking for an apologetic to the "Cosmic Child Abuse" objection

According to the doctrine of the Trinity, Jesus being the Son of God means that He is fully God made manifest in human form (John 1:14). Jesus is simultaneously both fully God and fully man. As such, ...
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14 votes
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Was universalism the majority belief of the early church?

Background Obviously, this topic suffers from dogmatists on both sides. Universalists are desperate to overstate their case, and traditionalists are desperate to prove the early church didn't have ...
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13 votes

Do the Catholic Church ex cathedra pronouncements about necessity of Catholicism to be saved still apply?

When a Pope is Infallible The First Vatican Council's Pastor Æternus said, under Pope Pius IX's authority, regarding papal infallibility: …we teach and define that it is a dogma divinely revealed: ...
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13 votes

Do Catholics subscribe to the "once saved, always saved" doctrine that many evangelical Christians believe in?

A baptized Catholic would understand "accepting Jesus" as meaning professing the (Catholic) Faith; he would interpret "repenting of one's sins" as receiving absolution from a priest in the sacrament ...
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13 votes

Would salvation have been possible if Jesus had died without shedding His blood?

This is an impossible question to answer and not profitable to consider, IMHO. If Jesus could have died without bleeding and still saved us there are so many other aspects of the entire Scripture ...
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13 votes
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How do non-universalists account for these passages talking about the salvation of all?

Once one logically considers the relevant extant documents (by the genuine methodology of truly scientific textual criticism) ; once one has accurately translated these same documents ; once one has ...
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12 votes
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What is Christ's role in salvation according to Arian theology?

From Arius' own hand: We believe in one God the Father Almighty, and in the Lord Jesus Christ his son, who was begotten of him before all ages, God the Word through whom all things were made, both ...
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12 votes
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In Catholicism is salvation by grace alone or by following the ten commandments and confession?

This is more complicated than you might expect, since Catholicism and Protestantism (which often takes a "salvation by grace alone" approach) can have slightly different approaches to ...
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12 votes
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Is Luther really the originator of "We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone"?

Calvin The first extant writing to contain the phrase is John Calvin's Antidote to the Council of Trent (1547). First, for context, Calvin was responding to Canon 11 of the sixth session of the ...
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12 votes
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Is Pope Francis holding and professing different views (even personally) from any of the traditional Catholic Church doctrine?

In September 2016, four cardinals, with the support of many other clerics, questioned the orthodoxy of Francis's document on marriage and the family, Amoris Lætitia, in the form of five dubia ("...
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12 votes
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Can someone be saved if they willingly live in sin?

If a person should be aware that God forgives sins and should yet purpose to live a sinful life, then (whatever they theorise about an unknowable future) they are already in danger of perdition, of ...
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11 votes

What is the biblical basis for the claim that Jesus took on the sins of mankind?

I believe that this Bible verse confirms that Jesus took on the sins of mankind. John 1:29 ESV The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the ...
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11 votes
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How does Jesus show love by suffering?

Short answer: The reason is, that Jesus' suffered and died in our place. This is how the bible puts it in Romans 5:6-8 ESV: 6 For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ...
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11 votes

Do Catholics subscribe to the "once saved, always saved" doctrine that many evangelical Christians believe in?

Actually Catholics would have to assent to the statement that "once saved, [one is] always saved" (I'll refer to this belief as "OSAS" for short). The difference is in when Catholics believe one is ...
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  • 18.3k
11 votes

According to the Catholic Church, are Jews saved without faith in Jesus?

Paragraphs 35 and 36 of the document discussed by the news article you've linked to state (emphasis mine): Since God has never revoked his covenant with his people Israel, there cannot be different ...
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11 votes
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How do proponents of Apokatastasis deal with the "Everlasting punishment" texts in scripture?

Those who believe in Apokatastasis believe Revelation 20:10 is grossly misunderstood. The Greek says: καὶ ὁ διάβολος ὁ πλανῶν αὐτοὺς ἐβλήθη εἰς τὴν λίμνην τοῦ πυρὸς καὶ θείου, ὅπου καὶ τὸ θηρίον καὶ ...
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  • 2,382
11 votes

What are the predominant Christian views on whether Jesus had to specifically die by crucifixion? Could he have chosen another kind of death?

I am mostly familiar with the evangelical perspective, which I think is shared with mainstream Protestant denominations, since they all rely on Bible evidence alone (instead of relying on the writings ...
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10 votes

What is the biblical basis for the claim that Jesus took on the sins of mankind?

Isaiah 53:6 ESV All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned, every one, to his own way; and the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all" John 3:16 ESV For God so loved the world ...
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  • 7,470
10 votes

What is the basis that some Protestants teach the non-necessity of baptism for salvation?

Credo-baptists (note: not all Protestants) that hold the views you refer to, rely more on very clear soteriological proof texts that are not as open to alternative interpretations* as the verses you ...
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  • 12.4k
10 votes
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How do Calvinists explain God's wanting no one to perish and electing some to judgement?

The typical Calvinist response to this question is captured well by Wayne Grudem in his Systematic Theology: [1 Timothy 2:4 and 2 Peter 3:9] speak of God's revealed will (telling us what we should do)...
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