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What is the earliest mention of how often the Eucharist was celebrated?

The earliest indication may be in the Didache, typically dated at the end of the first century. It describes the celebration of the Lord's Supper in terms of the cup and breaking bread, and then says:...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
15 votes

Did the Early Church believe that Jesus was crucified on a cross or on a stake?

[1] What Jehovah’s Witnesses believe regarding the cross and what they call a torture stake: Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that the Christian cross is a pagan symbol. In their Kingdom Interlinear ...
Lesley's user avatar
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14 votes
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Was universalism the majority belief of the early church?

Background Obviously, this topic suffers from dogmatists on both sides. Universalists are desperate to overstate their case, and traditionalists are desperate to prove the early church didn't have ...
Joseph Hinkle's user avatar
12 votes
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Did any early Church Fathers record the event of the ceasing of spiritual gifts?

As bradimus has indicated, this is a tricky issue, because projecting the modern debate of cessationism vs. continuationism onto church fathers is anachronistic. That said, some figures in the early ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
12 votes

Bible with commentaries of the Church Fathers

The Catena Bible is freely available both at the linked website and as an app for Android and iOS, and provides related patristic commentaries for each verse.
zaen's user avatar
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11 votes
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Did any of the Apostolic Fathers know Paul?

A case could be made for Clement of Rome, considered by Irenaeus (Against Heresies III.3.3) and Eusebius (Church History V.6) to be the fourth Bishop of Rome (after Peter, Linus, and [Ana]cletus). (...
AthanasiusOfAlex's user avatar
11 votes
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Was there a "cessation of church fathers" in Catholicism?

There isn't really a bright line distinction, but John of Damascus (died ~750) is often cited as the last one. For example, Catholic.com: the death of St. John Damascene [cir. A.D. 750] is generally ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
10 votes

Which church father first taught the perpetual virginity of Mary?

As with many doctrines in the first few hundred years of the church, they tended not to be explicitly defined until heretics arose forcing the church to define doctrine. This is why history is ...
emeth's user avatar
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10 votes

Is there any extra-biblical evidence of tongues from the first, or even second, century?

Ronald A. N. Kydd in his book Charismatic Gifts in the Early Church mentions several second-century quotes that he argues refer to glossolalia, what we call speaking in tongues. His work clearly ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
10 votes
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Has the term "born again" always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church?

Some Clarification You question specifically asks if there were any in the Early Church (~2nd to 4th century) who separated "born again" with baptism. Meanwhile, the site you quote claims that this ...
Joseph Hinkle's user avatar
10 votes
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What is the source of this quote from St. Augustine?

The problem with references to church fathers is that they get paraphrased from time to time. Sometimes you will just have to look in Augustine for similar terminology and see if you can find the ...
SeligkeitIstInGott's user avatar
10 votes
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Bible with commentaries of the Church Fathers

The Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture is the leading commentary series collecting the church fathers. At 29 volumes would be a big investment to buy, but most theological colleges/seminaries ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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10 votes

Did the Early Church believe that Jesus was crucified on a cross or on a stake?

Further to the last point in an answer here, there is more information that can be used to show how the early Christian Church viewed the implement of Christ's death. Although not written in the era ...
Anne's user avatar
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9 votes

Do any of the Church Fathers draw a connection between Eve and the Holy Spirit?

Perhaps not surprisingly, in light of Ephesians 5, church fathers widely connect Eve with Christ's Church. This seems to displace other interpretations, like a connection between Eve and the Holy ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
9 votes
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What did the fathers of the early church think of Tertullian?

Like today, those in the early church had differing opinions regarding Tertullian. Some were largely critical, some largely complimentary, and some more balanced. The first writings we have ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
8 votes
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What do Protestants think about canon laws given by the Church Fathers?

In general, Protestants don't think about the early church canon laws much at all! Protestants endorse the ecumenical creeds, and they accept the councils' judgements of heretics, but that's about the ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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8 votes

St. Augustine and woman sexuality?

This quote is often attributed to one of the early church fathers, usually to Bernard of Clairvaux or Saint Augustine, although the earliest reference in print was in 1896. There is no historical ...
Codosaur's user avatar
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8 votes
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What was the dominant theory of atonement shown in the Apostolic Fathers's writings?

I think the clearest statement to explicitly deal with atonement would be this one from the Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians: Through charity did the Lord join us unto himself; whilst, for the ...
nathan.j.mcdougall's user avatar
8 votes

Did the idea of humans being hard-wired for God exist in late antique Christianity?

Paul clearly expresses, Romans 1:18-26, the concept of humanity, by origin and by birth, having an innate instinct that God is and that there is but one God. For the wrath of God is revealed from ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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7 votes
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In light of the list found in Isaiah 11:1-3, why are there seven gifts of Holy Spirit and not six?

According to Roman Catholicism, believers receive these gifts at baptism, which are then made more perfect by the rite of Confirmation. Consider the Catechism of the Catholic Church paragraph 1285, &...
Andrew's user avatar
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7 votes
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Where can I find a complete set of Ante-Nicene Writings?

It's not free, and it's not complete, but The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation is the closest thing to a complete set of the writings of the church fathers that I've seen in English. It ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
7 votes
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Who was Theophylact?

Theophylact was an Eastern Orthodox archbishop of Ohrid. He is considered a saint. He lived from about 1055-1107. He was involved in two of the causal primary disputes after the Great Schism of ...
SLM's user avatar
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7 votes
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Was there a non-Augustinian response to universalism in the early Church?

Two church fathers who (a) reject Origen's universal salvation and (b) are not influenced by Augustine are Basil (d. 379) and Chrysostom (d. 407). Their theological systems, however, are not nearly ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
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How did the early church fathers refute Adoptionism?

Adoptionism had been declared a heresy by the Synod of Antioch in A.D. 268, which meant that neither Lucian, Arius, nor Eusebius could openly embrace it. After that Synod, anyone who dared claim that ...
Anne's user avatar
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7 votes

Did Philo influence the contents of the New Testament?

The following information about Philo of Alexandria has saved me a lot of spade-work. These quotes show the comparative significance of this man with regard to early Christian doctrines. "Jewish ...
Anne's user avatar
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6 votes

Is Luke's label for Christianity - "the Way" - used in later Christian writings?

I looked into Lampe (ed.)"A Patristic Greek Lexicon", Oxford University Press, 1961. It makes four mentions for the use of hodos in this sense: Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, Book 5, ...
Maurice's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is the source of the quote attributed to Origen, that "the soul has neither beginning nor end"?

I believe the second part of this quote is original to Hatch, Edwin, and A M. Fairbairn. The Influence of Greek Ideas and Usages Upon the Christian Church. London: Williams and Norgate, 1891, as ...
sondra.kinsey's user avatar
6 votes
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When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature?

The earliest use of οὐσία to mean the substance or essence of a thing is by Aristotle in his Κατηγορίαι, though Aristotle attributes its earlier use to Plato. Justin Martyr comments on Aristotle's ...
Andrew's user avatar
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