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The most notable position of the Adventist is the degree of Biblical Literalism. Generally, if the verses can have a literal meaning then that is the belief that they take. The outsider will notice some or all of these if they spend a short time with an Adventist: Worship on Saturday (after all, it is in their name. I will expand on this later). Not eating ...


32

There are many doctrinal and practical differences between Jehovah's Witnesses and Mormons. I think it will be difficult to arrange a complete and comprehensive list, but below are a collection of differences that immediately come to mind. Mormons claim to be a restoration of ancient Christianity via divine intervention and angelic visitation. Jehovah's ...


27

The branches come from difference in opinion. Here is a diagram showing where Christianity diverged. Image source From the beginning Christianity diverged from Judaism1: where Christianity emphasizes correct belief (or orthodoxy), focusing on the New Covenant as mediated through Jesus Christ, as recorded in the New Testament. Judaism places emphasis on ...


18

Such a simple question, and so difficult to provide a simple answer! Probably the main reasons for Christianity dividing into branches and sects are: (a) issues of dogma: disagreements about points of doctrine some of which seem with hindsight to be incredibly hair-splitting, such as the precise relationship between Jesus' physical nature as a man and his ...


17

Not to be flip, but it sort of goes like this: Find some theological point on which you find your existing denomination to be so heretical as to be in grave danger of going to hell. Assume this point is not aidaphora. Find a bunch of other people who agree, and start meeting together. Possibly, ordain yourself (as in the case of Joseph Smith - the founder ...


16

The differences are almost too great to list in an answer like this! The real problem in answering your question is that it isn't just a list of "things Roman Catholics believe" and "things Greek Orthodox believe". (NB that "Greek" Orthodox probably isn't accurate here: it's more accurate to talk in terms of "Eastern" Orthodox.) The problems are much more ...


15

This is a quick rundown, keeping in mind that not every individual parish fully subscribes to everything their parent organization does (don't judge a book by its cover, but be aware of the connotations each cover generally carries): Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) The Bible is inspired and inerrant, the Confessions are a clear and accurate ...


14

As a non-denominational Protestant myself, I will admit that our independent-mindedness makes it more or less impossible to predict what a particular individual will believe. However, if you would like to know what the hypothetical "average" non-denominational Protestant believes, then that is totally possible. The Hartford Institute for Religion Research ...


14

A Christian denomination is simply a group of churches which have agreed to work together (in over-simplified terms). Some denominations have very rigid structures, others not so much. They tend to share some degree of theological beliefs, but even within a denomination there may be a wide variance. A non-denominational church, by contrast, simply does ...


12

Before I can answer, I must clarify several terms that you are using incorrectly/ambiguously and define how I will approach this question. I also must begin with the disclaimer that I will be answering from an Eastern Orthodox perspective. Eastern Orthodox vs. Oriental 'Orthodox' vs. Nestorianism Nestorianism was condemned at the third and fourth ...


12

I am a Seventh Day Adventist. I was a Catholic for 55 years, and converted 10 years ago. I would like to respond to your question here. Sunday Worship as the mark of the beast. Ellen White specifically said that it is not now the mark of the beast. Some time in the future, laws will come into place requiring Sunday worship. (With the strength of Evangelical ...


12

CARM has said a few things about Joyce Meyer and has called some of her teachings heresy. [CARM was] glad to see an affirmation [in Meyer's teachings] of the Trinity, that man is a sinner, that without Jesus we can have no relationship with God, that salvation is a free gift, and eternal hell of conscious damnation. Some things Meyer has said that CARM ...


11

Generally denominations form over church splits or mergers, rather than just appearing from scratch. The denomination I am a part of the PCA formed in the 70s after the mainline Presbyterian church (PCUSA) took a more liberal leaning than many of the southern Presbyterian churches were willing to go along with. They left and formed their own denomination. ...


11

At the most fundamental level, Roman Catholics subscribe to the Nicene Creed, Jehovah's Witnesses do not. (JWs would call the Creed itself heresy, so this is not a slam.) This means that unlike 98% of the world's Christians, Jehovah's Witnesses deny such things as: The Trinity The Divinity of Jesus The Nature of Salvation The Communion of Saints / The Role ...


11

The other answers here are good, but I'll try to directly address some questions with more detail. And this is the sort of question where a lot of answers are "it's complicated, and no one perspective is correct." As you stated, there are three "main branches" of Christianity, with most branches and sub-branches claiming to be the one, holy, catholic, and ...


10

Two significant groups at least loosely associated with Protestantism that don't observe communion are The Salvation Army and the Quakers. The rationale for the Salvation Army's position is more fully explained here: Why does the Salvation Army not administer the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper? But the short version is that they don't observe ...


9

The short version is that they are not related at all. In fact, in many major ways they are quite opposite to each other. The Jehovah Witnesses are a "reconstructionist" sect that began in the late 1800's. They do claim to be Christian, but the reason I use the label reconstructionist sect is that they believe they are the only true Christian church, and ...


9

The 39 Articles are the foundational document of Anglicanism (though not all Anglicans accept them now). The major points of difference with Catholicism which are explained in the Articles are: Anglicanism does not accept the books of the Apocrypha as inspired. (Article 6) Anglicanism says that our righteousness before God is based only on the merit of ...


9

Here are a few references to Jesus return: Heb 9:28, “Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.” It will be glorious, visible and unmissable because of great events in the heavens and earth (Matt 24:27, 29-31, 16:27). The Second coming ...


8

Basically, a lot. Jehovah's Witnesses are not really related to Pentecostalism For one thing, Jehovah's Witnesses teach that the Watchtower literature is the most accurate interpretation of scripture, while Pentecostals believe in scripture being relevant to modern life without having to rely on the leadership of a church to lead them; the Jehovah's ...


8

Oh man this is a good question! As always, coming from a Catholic perspective: The Catechism of the Catholic Church has this to say about resurrection generally: What is "rising"? In death, the separation of the soul from the body, the human body decays and the soul goes to meet God, while awaiting its reunion with its glorified body. God, in his ...


8

Early on, the Church fought against a heresy known as Docetism. Docetism taught that Jesus only appeared to look like a man, but in reality was not. Any teaching that denied the existence of Jesus' resurrected body not functioning as a normal, human body, is thus technically heretical in Nicene formulation. For this reason, the Chalcedonian Creed states ...


8

Using the LDS Articles of Faith (in bold-to clarify only) to examine only principle beliefs one can see the similarities and differences. 1 We believe in God, the Eternal Father, and in His Son, Jesus Christ, and in the Holy Ghost. Mostly aligned except Jehovah Witnesses belief of the Holy Ghost is: The holy spirit is God’s power in action, his active ...


7

Massive differences. On the outside, the Jehovah's Witness organization appears to be a regular Christian church. But JWs hold to a very different set of beliefs. Dig deeper and you'll find that: Jehovah's Witnesses deny that Jesus is God don't believe in a literal hell believe that Jesus makes up for your lack, i.e., you do your best and Jesus makes up ...


7

If you want to understand Catholic teaching you really ought to consult the Catechism. After all, authentic teachings are always going to be more accurate than what you have 'heard'. The Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) teaches that Adam and Eve were constituted in an original "state of holiness and justice" (CCC 375, 376 398), free from ...


7

C.S. Lewis answered this question: During a British conference on comparative religions, experts from around the world debated what, if any, belief was unique to the Christian faith. They began eliminating possibilities. Incarnation? Other religions had different versions of gods' appearing in human form. Resurrection? Again, other religions had accounts of ...


7

Introductory Notes: CSE = Christianity Stack Exchange BU = Biblical Unitarianism JW = Jehovah’s Witnesses CSE Tag Unitarianism = a liberal Christian theological movement (from 1565) known for its rejection of the doctrines of the TRINITY, Original Sin, Predestination and Biblical Inerrancy. CSE Tag Universalism = In Christianity, Universal Salvation is ...


6

Historically, the Religious Society of Friends—commonly known as Quakers—objected to the common names of week days and of months, for exactly the reason you bring up. The website of the Iowa Yearly Meeting has a discussion of this, but in practice the names are quite simple. The week-day names are "First Day" through "Seventh Day" for Sunday ...


6

No. From Wikipedia: Dalai Lama (UK: /ˈdælaɪ ˈlɑːmə/, US: /ˈdɑːlaɪ ˈlɑːmə/;[1][2] Standard Tibetan: ཏཱ་ལའི་བླ་མ་, Tā la'i bla ma, [táːlɛː láma]) is a title given by the Tibetan people for the foremost spiritual leader of the Gelug or "Yellow Hat" school of Tibetan Buddhism, the newest of the classical schools of Tibetan Buddhism. Reading further shows ...


6

Interesting question, but where to start? It’s a big ask! The Wikipedia diagram provided by depperm is a very useful illustration showing the timeline and emergence of the different major branches within Christianity. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Christian_denominations_by_number_of_members However, if “all” you want is a brief, easily ...


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