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Richard Ostella, pastor of Westminster Reformed Church and adjunct professor at Michigan Theological Seminary, wrote a series of articles The Excellence of Christian Love on 1 Cor 12:31-13:13. The last article, 14. Heaven: A World of Love with Faith and Hope (1 Cor. 13:13), has quotes from well-published and respected Reformed scholar D.A. Carson who wrote ...


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Just to let you know, I haven’t had as much fun as this since lockdown started. After hours of research, I’ve discovered lots of really useful information on General Baptists, Particular Baptists and Reformed Baptists. I’ve delved into the London Baptist Confession of Faith (1689), the Westminster Confession of Faith and Calvin’s ‘Institutes.’ It has been ...


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The interpretation of the Old Testament in the New is an extremely complex subject and I recommend the book referenced in this summary article about the perspectives involved. However, there is significant support from Jewish sources for reading at least a some, but not all, of the Psalms as Messianic apart from the New Testament and according to Jewish (non-...


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The original verse is Deuteronomy 25:4: Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.(NIV) The verse is referenced twice in the New Testament where it is explicitly said to apply to workers and wages: For it is written in the Law of Moses: “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.” Is it about oxen that God is concerned? (1 ...


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The vision was understood by Peter in a specified way as listed in Acts 10:27-29 As Peter talked with him, he went inside and found many people gathered together. He said to them, “You know how unlawful it is for a Jew to associate with a foreigner or visit him. But God has shown me that I should not call any man impure or unclean. So when I was ...


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For Jesus to ‘know’ us means we have submitted to his Lordship and we are no longer slaves but are intimate acquaintances. Jesus said this of his disciples: Whoever does God’s will is my brother and sister and mother (Mark 3:35). When we know Jesus and believe in him, we are adopted into God’s family: Yet to all who received him, to those who ...


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The revelation of Gal 2:2, 8 is the same one as in Eph 3:3, 6. It was a mystery. And what was it? How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; (as I wrote afore in few words, … That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel: And I went up by revelation, and ...


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Preamble - Please bear with me while I share the relevant information I found in the Bible while trying to get my head round your question. The spiritual gifts identified in Romans 12 are prophesying, serving, teaching, encouraging, giving, leadership, and mercy. The list in 1 Corinthians 12:4–11 includes the word of wisdom, the word of knowledge, faith, ...


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The message is clarified in the last part of the scripture: "all things have been created through him and for him" "On earth" is in contrast to "in heaven", and represents the same idea as "visible and invisible". He created all things in heaven and also all things not in heaven (so, on earth). It's a literary figure trying to say nothing is excluded. It ...


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Well, yes, you have answered it yourself. "Know" here means known and loved. "The 'knower' has actual involvement with or in the object of the knowing" - ("Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary" under the Hebrew entry "To Know"). And so "Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived..." (Gen 4:1) where intimacy is intended. It is the same sense of ...


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To start out with: I agree with Nigel J that in my life-long experience as a protestant, water-baptism has not generally been made out to be a necessary act to receive the Holy Spirit. On the contrary, most messages I have heard specifically on baptism tend to emphasize that baptism is not necessary for salvation, although it is both beneficial and commanded ...


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Introduction While I would argue that most protestants aren't actually Sola Scriptura, I think that discussion is probably beyond the scope of the question here. The problem with your question is that it supposes that Sola Scriptura and official church doctrine, a catechism, and so forth are mutually-exclusive and that any given protestant operates under ...


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1 Peter 1:2 KJV  Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. This not a reference to an individual salvation but the plan of salvation. Obviously, God had foreknowledge of his own plan which was through the "...


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