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Why is the Gospel of Thomas considered heretical by Nicene Christians?

Wikipedia does a good job of summarizing the heresy, but I want to pull out some source material. Some of the sayings do attest to the synpotic Gospels, but there is a lot of heresy in there too: ...
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16 votes
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Catholicism - Consequences of not believing in all dogmas

This is an interesting question. Many people are not particularly clear on what dogmas really are and why they are important. The Catechism of the Catholic Church says: The dogmas of the faith 88 The ...
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12 votes

What is the gist of CARM's criticism of Joyce Meyer?

CARM has said a few things about Joyce Meyer and has called some of her teachings heresy. [CARM was] glad to see an affirmation [in Meyer's teachings] of the Trinity, that man is a sinner, that ...
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11 votes
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What are the biblical arguments against Arianism?

Some background regarding Arianism To answer the question, it is important to understand that Arianism is a Trinitarian heresy that denies the divinity of the Second Person of the Trinity. ...
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11 votes

Papal Infallibility and teaching heresy?

This is not completely hypothetical. In the mid-300s, Pope Liberius may have signed a statement supporting what later became known as Arian heresy. That he did so in exile and possibly under ...
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10 votes

Are there any followers of Catharism today?

Full followers of Catharism were known as 'Perfects'. They would commit to a specific ascetic lifestyle, and would on their death ascend to heaven. Other lesser followers of Catharism would be ...
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9 votes
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What did the fathers of the early church think of Tertullian?

Like today, those in the early church had differing opinions regarding Tertullian. Some were largely critical, some largely complimentary, and some more balanced. The first writings we have ...
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Do the Catholics consider Orthodox Christians heretics?

No. Perhaps the best statement of the current Roman Catholic position on the schism can be found in Unitatis Redintegratio from Vatican II. Essentially, the Roman Catholic Church holds that the ...
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8 votes
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When did a "formal act of correction" of a pope's statement happen in the past?

The Doctor of the Church St. Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621) collected 40 cases—from Pope St. Peter to Pope Innocent VIII (reigned 1484-1492)—of where a pope or anti-pope was said to have erred in faith ...
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8 votes

In the Catholic Church, is there a punishment for "heresy"?

The 1983 Code of Canon Law says §1 An apostate from the faith, a heretic or a schismatic incurs a latae sententiae excommunication, without prejudice to the provisions of can. 194 §1 n....
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7 votes
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Are Russian Orthodox Christians considered heretics by Roman Catholicism?

The primary difference between the Eastern Orthodox churches and the Catholic Church is the refusal of the former to acknowledge the primacy of the Pope. This is a discussion that dates back well over ...
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7 votes
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Which pre-Nicene Christians who helped shape the trinity doctrine are now considered heretics?

The definition of "heretical" is not universally agreed upon, even by Catholics and Protestants, particularly when applied to views that preceded the final establishment of "orthodoxy.&...
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How did the early church fathers refute Adoptionism?

Adoptionism had been declared a heresy by the Synod of Antioch in A.D. 268, which meant that neither Lucian, Arius, nor Eusebius could openly embrace it. After that Synod, anyone who dared claim that ...
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6 votes

What would happen if the Pope were to abuse his power?

First of all, it is important to understand the very strict conditions under which a Pope declares things ex cathedra. To begin with, he can only make such a declaration about doctrine. Here is how ...
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6 votes

Was there doctrinal difference between Lollards and Waldenses?

According to each of their own "statements of Faith" they actually do contradict each other in big issues. before I lay it out, however, here are my citations: Waldensian beliefs Lollard beliefs ...
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6 votes
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Is Meister Eckhart's teaching condemned by the Roman Catholic Church?

John Hardon, S.J.'s Catholic Dictionary says this in the entry for "Eckhart": General name for the spiritual teaching of Meister Eckhart (1260-1327), the German Dominican mystic and of his ...
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6 votes

Are any fundamental Protestant beliefs historically heretical?

Your point that “Protestants reject almost all the heresies identified by pre-Reformation creeds and councils” is highly significant. There is no difficulty with them using the same words but ...
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6 votes
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Which heresy did Spurgeon accuse Pusey of?

The following quotes show that Spurgeon accused Pusey (and his followers) of 1. Attempting to Re-unite Anglicanism with Catholicism Nowadays Dr. Pusey dreams that the Anglican and the Russian ...
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5 votes
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What would happen if the Pope were to abuse his power?

The doctrine of infallibility is that the pope cannot abuse his power when declaring and defining a dogma. In other words, infallible means that he will not teach heresy when speaking ex-cathedra. ...
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5 votes

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

The Augustinian tradition, going back to the early anti-Pelagian writing On Nature and Grace, distinguishes between the human nature and the defect of original sin. We have a defective nature, ...
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5 votes

Was this teaching (of soul existing before a birth) condemned by the Church?

Sounds like you are referring to the idea of the pre-existence of souls. This idea is lumped with "Origenism". Check this thread out here: What is " Origenism" This is an excerpt ...
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5 votes

What is Thomas Aquinas' perspective on salvation for baptized heretics who believe in the Trinity?

As far as what's necessary for salvation, we'd have to start with Baptism: Men are bound to that without which they cannot obtain salvation. Now it is manifest that no one can obtain salvation but ...
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5 votes

Are there any followers of Catharism today?

Does the group Cathars exist today? There is a group that call themselves "The Assembly of good Christians". They make the claim that they are a remnant of the ancient heterodox Cathars. They self-...
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5 votes

Why is denial of the primacy of the bishop of Rome considered a Schism, not a Heresy?

According to Canon law, it is technically both: Can. 751 Heresy is the obstinate denial or obstinate doubt after the reception of baptism of some truth which is to be believed by divine and Catholic ...
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5 votes

According to Reformed theology, is teaching a false Trinitarian concept considered blasphemy?

These are only limited or weak examples of analogy for Trinity. They are not called as heresy by scholars. Trinity is accepted as mystery by vast majority when it comes to rational explanation. We too ...
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In the Catholic Church, is there a punishment for "heresy"?

From the Code of Canon Law: Can. 751 Heresy is the obstinate denial or obstinate doubt after the reception of baptism of some truth which is to be believed by divine and Catholic faith; apostasy is ...
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5 votes

How is it that Georgian Orthodox Church are in full communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church when they have a different biblical canon?

The 85th Apostolic Canon, ratified at the Quinisext Council in Trullo in 692, enumerated the list of Old Testament books: Let the following books be counted venerable and sacred by all of you, ...
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5 votes

How is it that Georgian Orthodox Church are in full communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church when they have a different biblical canon?

What's missing in the above answers I think is perhaps a couple of concepts that we Orthodox take for granted, but may not be readily apparent to Westerners. First is the attitude towards Canon Law. ...
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5 votes

On what grounds was Arius refuted at the First Council of Nicaea?

The records of the 1st Ecumenical Council do not, I believe, include the discourse that preceded the condemnation against Arius and his followers. We do know, however, that Athanasius of Alexandria ...
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