19 votes
Accepted

What is the earliest known instance of a petition directed to Mary?

Sub Tuum Praesidium The earliest known, extant petition prayer to Mary the Θεοτόκος (Theotokos), or Dei Genetrix (the Greek and Latin, respectively, for 'God-bearer' or 'Birthgiver-of-God') is found ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
  • 8,290
18 votes

How could Jesus be descended from the royal line of David if he was born of the Virgin Birth?

The Old Testament has two distinct methods of claiming kingship. One is by descent from David, and the other is by prophetic or divine appointment. Where did David himself get his kingship? It was by ...
David Conner's user avatar
16 votes

How many different people in the New Testament are called or claim to be "Brothers" or "Sisters" of Jesus?

Matthew 13:35-36 answers: Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And are not all his sisters with us? The ...
Lesley's user avatar
  • 30.7k
15 votes
Accepted

What is the biblical basis for the belief that Mary is the mother of God?

Short answer There is no usage of the title "Mother of God" in the Bible. The title was used for Mary as early as AD 250-280 and was made official church teaching at the Council of Ephesus in 431. ...
Thunderforge's user avatar
  • 6,347
13 votes

What Protestant arguments exist for the perpetual virginity of Mary?

Protestant arguments for the doctrine can be divided up into 3 categories. The Bible allows for it The bible does not indicate Mary had other children after Jesus. When Matthew 13:55 (as well as ...
emeth's user avatar
  • 1,259
10 votes

Which church father first taught the perpetual virginity of Mary?

As with many doctrines in the first few hundred years of the church, they tended not to be explicitly defined until heretics arose forcing the church to define doctrine. This is why history is ...
emeth's user avatar
  • 1,259
10 votes
Accepted

What is the basis for saying that Aquinas accepted the Immaculate Conception?

St. Thomas's views on the Immaculate Conception went through three phases.cf. also ch. 2, art. 2, § "St. Thomas and the Immaculate Conception" of Mother of the Saviour and Our Interior Life by Fr. ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 39.1k
10 votes

Perpetual virginity of Mary: why did Mary see "not knowing man" as an obstacle to the conception of Jesus?

ειπεν δε μαριαμ προς τον αγγελον πως εσται τουτο -επει- ανδρα ου γινωσκω Luke 1:34 - TR (Stephens 1550, Beza 1598, Elzevir 1624 and Scrivener 1894 are all identical.) Then said Mary unto the angel, ...
Nigel J's user avatar
  • 24.8k
10 votes

Is Mary's human soul pre-existent in eternity?

In 1661, Pope Alexander VII released the Bull "Sollicitudo omnium eccl.," which reads in part: The devotion to the most blessed Virgin Mary is indeed of long standing among the faithful of Christ ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

Why is Mary's perpetual virginity a Catholic dogma?

I believe the O.P.'s question can be interpreted as, “Why is belief in Mary’s perpetual virginity considered so important that the Church makes it an excommunicable offense (heresy) to deny it?” The ...
AthanasiusOfAlex's user avatar
9 votes

How many different people in the New Testament are called or claim to be "Brothers" or "Sisters" of Jesus?

TLDR: No one seems to specifically claim to be a blood sibling of Jesus in the New Testament. However, 4 siblings are named by other people in the Gospels, and two are possibly corroborated by the ...
MountainEucalyptus's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

Why is Mary's mantle blue?

The blue mantle of Mary seems to have originated around the year 500 AD and is of Byzantine origin. Most sources seem to point to this date as the Byzantine origin of the color blue of Mary's mantle. ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 70.6k
8 votes
Accepted

What is the "Magnificat"?

The Magnificat (also known as the Canticle of Mary) is the section of scripture found in Luke 1:46-55, in which Mary the mother of Jesus praises the Lord. The term "Magnificat" comes from the Latin ...
Josh Withee's user avatar
8 votes

Perpetual virginity of Mary: why did Mary see "not knowing man" as an obstacle to the conception of Jesus?

When one way of interpreting a passage is absurd, that shows we aren't to interpret it that way. Obviously she didn't think the angel was just telling her she'd conceive a baby with Joseph or else she ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
  • 20.1k
7 votes

Where does the Catholic tradition that Mary did not have pain giving birth to Jesus come from?

Extensive biblical and traditional material advocating for Mary's painless childbirth can be found from "The Virginity of Our Lady in Partu". Many Protestants reject this teaching, but most are ...
sondra.kinsey's user avatar
7 votes

From where did Mary get the attribution of "Full of Grace"?

"Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you," is an appropriate translation of the Greek at Luke 1:28, which reads και εισελθων ο αγγελος προς αυτην ειπεν χαιρε κεχαριτωμενη ο κυριος μετα σου ...
Hreodbeorht's user avatar
7 votes

According to Catholicism, what does 'come upon thee' and 'overshadow thee' mean?

The phrases you point out indicate to the Catholic Church that the Holy Spirit was responsible for Jesus' conception: The Annunciation to Mary inaugurates "the fullness of time," the time of the ...
Matt Gutting's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Are Catholics permitted to honour Mary as a priest?

St. Alphonsus di Liguori used to pray: "Nos cum prole pia benedicat Virgo Maria." (May the Virgin Mary bless us with her pious offspring [Jesus].) Thus it seems she has the ability to bless, yet this ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 39.1k
7 votes
Accepted

In accordance to LDS doctrine, would Mary & Joseph need to be sealed (by proxy) in the temple?

Mary and Joseph must be sealed by proper authority (a Melchizedek priesthood holder with the authorization to perform the sealing) in order to receive the blessings of the sealing ordinance, including ...
intcreator's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

What is the origin of the Orthodox belief that Sts. Joseph and Mary were betrothed but not married?

To understand the difference in position, we need to understand Jewish marriage customs at the time of Mary and Joseph, and the ambiguity it already carries by considering betrothal as legally married ...
Wim Vanraes's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Virgin Mary in Old Testament?

Yes, there are references to Mary in the Old Testament—vastly less than those to the Christ, Jesus, who is the entire focus of the Bible, but nonetheless, there are references. I will be answering ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
  • 8,290
7 votes

How do Protestants explain Zechariah 12:10-14, used by Roman Catholics to prove Mary's perpetual virginity?

This is a very weak argument for the perpetual virginity of Mary. This verse uses a simile to say that Israel's mourning for their God-Messiah will be like that of parents who have lost their only ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
  • 20.1k
7 votes
Accepted

How do Protestants explain Zechariah 12:10-14, used by Roman Catholics to prove Mary's perpetual virginity?

The sense of Zech 12:10 "only" is an expression of one of a kind. Here is another use as regards Abraham and Isaac. And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get ...
SLM's user avatar
  • 13.4k
6 votes

Why do Protestants not refer to Mary by the title "Mother of God"?

There are two things going on here, one theological and one sociological. Theologically, there are certainly Protestants who would call Mary the Mother of God. As noted in the comment, the key term ...
adam.baker's user avatar
6 votes

What is the origin of the tradition that Mary lived in Turkey after John took her there?

There seems to be only two historical possibilities as to where Mary ended the pilgrim journey on earth: Jerusalem or Ephesus? Historically, there are proponents to both sides of this question as can ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 70.6k
6 votes

Where does the Catholic tradition that Mary did not have pain giving birth to Jesus come from?

Her painless childbirth follows from these truths of divine revelation: Painful childbirth is one of the punishments of Original Sin (Gen. 3:16: "in travail shalt thou bring forth children")...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 39.1k
6 votes

How do those who support the perpetual virginity of Mary doctrine harmonize the Protevangelium of James with the Gospel of Matthew?

The harmonization would be that the Gospel of Matthew is divinely inspired Sacred Scripture, while the Protoevangelium of James is merely pious tradition. In case of nonconformity between the two, ...
brasshat's user avatar
  • 5,623
6 votes
Accepted

Do Mormons believe in the Virgin birth taught in the Bible? (LDS)

Yes. Latter-Day Saints believe in the Virgin birth. Perhaps one random sample from an official LDS Church manual called The Life and Teaching of Jesus and His Apostles Instructors Manual (Which can ...
wonko's user avatar
  • 194
6 votes

In the Catholic or Orthodox tradition, did Jesus appear to his mother after death?

The only reference that I am aware of is from St. Ignatius of Loyola’s Spiritual Exercises, written in 1524. (See also the Spanish original.) In his meditation on the apparitions of the Lord after ...
AthanasiusOfAlex's user avatar
6 votes

How could Jesus be descended from the royal line of David if he was born of the Virgin Birth?

I'm not certain whether this will help with your question or not, but this is a small section from Oscar Cullmann's, Christology of the New Testament (page 129): Hegesippus was the Jewish Christian ...
John May's user avatar

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