22 votes
Accepted

Did anyone understand the Holy Spirit to be a person prior to the Council of Constantinople in AD 381?

Tertullian One early, clear indication of the doctrine of the personhood of the Holy Spirit appears in Tertullian's work, Against Praxeas, dated around AD 215,1 saying: [W]hile the mystery of the ...
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22 votes
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What is the biblical basis for the personhood of the Holy Spirit?

Here are four common defenses of this doctrine: The masculine pronoun in Greek is applied to the Holy Spirit even when not required by Greek grammar The Holy Spirit is shown to be in a coordinating ...
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21 votes
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To what extent does mainstream Christian doctrine teach that knowing a spirit's name gives you power over it?

Actually, this is more Kabbalah than Christianity and has further roots in the occult and other non-Christian mysticism and folklore (Rumpelstiltskin comes to mind, which is a decidedly non-Christian ...
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17 votes
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How do Protestants understand the "unforgivable" sin?

Protestants basically fall into three main camps, claiming that the unpardonable sin is: attributing the works of the Holy Spirit to the devil; or, refusal to repent even to the end of one's life; ...
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13 votes
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Did any early Church Fathers record the event of the ceasing of spiritual gifts?

As bradimus has indicated, this is a tricky issue, because projecting the modern debate of cessationism vs. continuationism onto church fathers is anachronistic. That said, some figures in the early ...
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11 votes
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In the Angelus, which is theologically correct, "conceived of" or "conceived by"?

The Angelus is composed of three versicle-response prayers, alternating with Hail Marys. The phrase in question is from the beginning. In Latin: V: Angelus Domini nuntiavit Mariae. R: Et concepit ...
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10 votes

What are the theological implications of "filioque"?

I would like to add some theological background to this answer from the Catholic perspective (and naturally, I would invite Orthodox readers to contribute their own perspective). First, some ...
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10 votes
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Why does the Eastern Orthodox Church dislike the idea that the Spirit proceeds from the Son?

I don't think I could improve upon the summary at the Orthodox Wiki: Objections on doctrinal grounds It is contrary to Scripture, particularly in John 15:26: "But when the Helper comes, whom I ...
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10 votes
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Are there any Christian groups or denominations that believe that non-Christians have access to the power of the Holy Spirit?

Addressing some misunderstanding Speaking from mainstream (Trinitarian) groups, your question contains several implicit misunderstandings leading to the framing of your question: Holy Spirit is a ...
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9 votes

Do any of the Church Fathers draw a connection between Eve and the Holy Spirit?

Perhaps not surprisingly, in light of Ephesians 5, church fathers widely connect Eve with Christ's Church. This seems to displace other interpretations, like a connection between Eve and the Holy ...
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8 votes

To what extent does mainstream Christian doctrine teach that knowing a spirit's name gives you power over it?

I’ll try to answer the question from a Catholic perspective and, additionally, provide some supplementary information about what has been mentioned in the comments. The general answer to the question ...
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8 votes
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Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the Trinity?

Brief Historical Introduction The Nicene Creed originally did not include the words "and the Son" (called the Filioque clause) because it was based on the words of Scripture in John 15:26 (τὸ ἐκ τοῦ ...
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8 votes

What does it mean for the Spirit to only speak of what he hears? (trinitarian perspective)

From John Gill's exposition of this passage: For he shall not speak of himself: as Christ, the Son, spoke not of himself in opposition to the Father, so the Spirit speaks not of himself in ...
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7 votes
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Is Galatians 4:6 speaking of the Holy Spirit?

Yes, Paul is referring to the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Jesus. In John 14, when Jesus said to his disciples during passion week "'I will not leave you as orphans; I will come ...
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  • 9,008
7 votes
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What is the Biblical basis for continuationism?

This is from Why I Am a Continuationist by Sam Storms: New Testament evidence of miraculous gifts among Christians who are not apostles. In other words, numerous non-apostolic men and women, ...
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  • 164
7 votes
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How do Eastern Christians explain Jesus "sending" the Holy Spirit in John 15:26?

In reality, John 15:26 supports both the Eastern Orthodox and the (Western) Catholic positions, because (at least as far as the Catholic Church is concerned) both positions are valid and complementary....
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7 votes
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What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

I work for the Swedenborg Foundation and can provide this answer from Rev. James. F Lawrence, D.Min., Ph.D. Dean of the Center for Swedenborgian Studies and also Assistant Professor of Spirituality ...
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7 votes
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In light of the list found in Isaiah 11:1-3, why are there seven gifts of Holy Spirit and not six?

According to Roman Catholicism, believers receive these gifts at baptism, which are then made more perfect by the rite of Confirmation. Consider the Catechism of the Catholic Church paragraph 1285, &...
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7 votes
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From a LDS perspective, when does the Holy Ghost get a Physical Body?

There is nothing in LDS canon about this, as far as I can tell. There are a couple statements from Joseph Smith that indicate that he felt the Holy Ghost would eventually receive a body, which I've ...
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7 votes

Do the reformed theology adherents believe that a believer should not "converse with" or "pray to" or worship the Holy Spirit?

Reformed theology maintains the full deity and personality of the Holy Spirit, so that there is no inferiority attached to the Holy Spirit that would result in the kind of subordination that the ‘...
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  • 16.3k
7 votes
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Do the reformed theology adherents believe that a believer should not "converse with" or "pray to" or worship the Holy Spirit?

Anne's answer covered the reason WHY the Holy Spirit is full Deity in accordance with the Trinitarian doctrine, thus showing that the Holy Spirit is worthy of worship, which the true Reformed ...
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7 votes

What are the drawbacks of studying/teaching the Bible in an overly erudite (overly academic) manner?

The primary danger in studying the Bible in an overly erudite, scholarly, and academic way is the temptation to skip the all-important process of the application of Scripture to a lived life. All ...
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  • 9,008
6 votes
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According to Catholic Teaching, what is sinning against the Holy Spirit?

"Augustine says . . . (Enchiridion lxxxiii) that 'he who dies in a state of obstinacy is guilty of the sin against the Holy Ghost,' and (De Verb. Dom., Serm. lxxi) that 'impenitence is a sin ...
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  • 5,220
6 votes
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According to Catholicism, why is the Holy Spirit never spoken of as the Father of Jesus?

Jesus had two fathers. One was Joseph, his earthly adoptive father. The other is the Father, his heavenly father (and ours as well). He had no earthly biological father. That is the distinction. The ...
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6 votes
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According to Jehovah's witnesses, why does an active force have a name?

I made some research on their site : wol.jw.org. Based on this verse, here is an article from their 03/15/2010 Watchtower, titled "Baptized in the Name of Whom and What?". The part under "In the Name ...
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  • 614
6 votes
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In LDS doctrine, what is the difference between the Holy Ghost and the Light of Christ?

Short Answer The Holy Ghost and the Light of Christ are closely related and are often used interchangeably, even in scripture. But there are a few important differences. The Holy Ghost, in contrast ...
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  • 442
6 votes

What is the biblical basis for the idea that the Bible cannot be understood without aid from God?

Jesus said in Matthew 11:25, "I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children." By these words we ...
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  • 7,470
6 votes
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Do Cessationists believe that the Holy Spirit still speaks specific messages or instructions to Christians today?

This is from an article in Tabletalk magazine, which is produced by Ligonier Ministries. It is written by Robert Rothwell and supposses to be the voice of Reformed Christianity on the topic of ...
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  • 9,433
6 votes
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According to LDS, do all non-LDS Christians lack the Gift of the Holy Ghost, and if so, how does this lack manifest itself in the lives of non-LDS?

Terminology The Gift of the Holy Ghost can be a confusing topic in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, not because the doctrine is especially complex, but rather because we don't have ...
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  • 442
6 votes
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who had the truth of the Trinity revealed to them through the Holy Spirit?

Yes, my testimony of coming from an actively anti-trinitarian stance to believing in the trinity doctrine has been published. However, I'm not here to promote either that book or myself so will give ...
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