19

Theologically and historically the veneration of Mary is inseparably linked to an orthodox understanding of the Incarnation. The Council of Ephesus affirmed St. Cyril's defense of the earlier fathers' use of the term Mother of God -- in St. Cyril's account this is an important part of avoiding "the fallacy of speaking of two sons": The Word's becoming ...


13

Mary is the Queen of Universe because Christ is the King of Universe. To understand her Queenship, one must understand how who the Queen of the Davidic Kingdom in the Old Testament Jewish monarchy was. It was the Queen Mother. The Kings had many wives, none of whom could be called Queen. That honor was reserved for the mother of the King. We see this in the ...


9

The Wikipedia page about the church explains: The use of the title "Mary, Queen of the Universe" is drawn from section 59 of Lumen Gentium, the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church issued in 1964 by the Second Vatican Council, which stated: "Finally, the Immaculate Virgin, preserved free from all guilt of original sin, on the completion of her earthly ...


9

The earliest Christian writings outside the bible are from what are called the Church Fathers, from around the middle of the second century onwards for a few hundred years. On the Immaculate Conception explicitly, the earliest would appear to be Hippolytus and Origen: He [Jesus] was the ark formed of incorruptible wood. For by this is signified that His ...


9

The first part of The Gospel of James, an apocryphal Gospel "contains the story of the unique birth of Mary to Anna and her childhood and dedication to the temple". Similarly The Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew confirms "Mary entering service as a temple virgin". David Hughes gives a fascinating historical background on this subject where he ...


8

Firstly, it should be noted that not all Protestants reject the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception. It is not as though there is a uniform Protestant doctrine that strictly states the Immaculate Conception to be false (if there is I am unaware of it). Martin Luther himself defended the Immaculate Conception: But the other conception, namely the ...


7

Speaking as a Protestant, I suggest that one of the main "sticking points"--if not the sticking point--between the Protestant and Catholic perspectives on the personhood of Mary can be traced to our differing perspectives on Holy Scripture. Generally speaking, Protestants (and particularly Evangelical Protestants, of whom I am one) consider the Holy Bible ...


7

Why can the Catholic Church not simply ignore the Virgin Mary? Why can it not simply drop Marian devotion altogether? That is like asking the question, Why did God not decide to become incarnate by another means? Why did He pass through Mary? Surely God is omnipotent, and thus can do anything that He wills. So why did He come to us through Mary? ...


7

The "Hail" would be a normal greeting. I've encountered some people who believe that when Catholics say "Hail Mary.." they're worshiping her. To my understanding the original meaning doesn't necessarily connote addressing royalty, and especially not worship. Those contexts to the word might be a much more modern development. Even in today's English we see ...


6

Is there a difference between “co-redeemer” and “co-redemptrix”? Technically co-redeemer is masculine and co-redeemptrix is female. Definition of co-redemptrix A woman whose participation is believed by some Roman Catholics to be essential for the redemption of humanity Specifically: Virgin Mary The title of co-redeemer is occasionally applied the the ...


5

Did the Herodian Temple have virgins? The answer is almost certainly no. The only real support for Jewish temple virgins is found in Roman Catholic writings in support of the Catholic doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary. This doctrine has no basis in the canonical scriptures, but only in non-canonical early writings, most of which were influenced ...


5

Ken Graham’s fulsome answer deals almost entirely with the ‘perpetual virginity’ of Mary but I am concerned to look at the claimed role of Mary in salvation because, whether or not Mary remained a virgin after giving birth to Jesus Christ, your question deals with a biblical doctrine – salvation – whereas there is no biblical doctrine of the perpetual ...


4

I agree with the above answers, but one thing I might add is that many Catholics view the Virgin Mary as "The Ark of the New Covenant" As the ancient Israelites honored the Ark of the Covenant in the Old Testament, so do Catholics. Let me explain better if I can. The Ark of the Covenant in the Old Testament contained the Ten Commandments and holy relics and ...


4

This is a traditional title of Mary in respect of her Assumption into Heaven. It does not imply that she is in any sense above, or even equal to, God. Here is one thing that the Catechism of the Catholic Church says about Mary in this regard: "Finally the Immaculate Virgin, preserved free from all stain of original sin, when the course of her earthly ...


4

Regardless of later usage, exegesis should look at the original language and the likely original meaning of a text. In the original Hebrew, Isaiah 7:14 uses the word 'almah, which means 'young woman' and is used only in this sense in nine other references in the Old Testament. The Hebrew word for 'virgin' is betulah and is used exclusively in that sense ...


4

This isn't a full-blown answer to your question, but instead a partial one. I suppose one would have to write some sort of magnum opus to answer all three of your questions in a way that does justice to them. But as a sort of beginning, I do know that translators over time have moved away from away from the Vulgate because of its emphasis of Mary in places ...


4

Whether Mary has no share in the Omniscience of God Objection 1 it would seem that Our Lady partakes in God's divine nature by the singular fact that prayers addressed to her are proven efficacious time and again; ... pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our death. ... Despise not my petitions, but in thy mercy hear and answer me. ... Pray for us, oh ...


4

Do Catholics believe that Mary mother of Jesus is as holy as God? The short answer is no. It is obvious, that as a result of her Immaculate Conception, her fullness of grace and her holiness, the Blessed Virgin Mary never committed any personal mortal sins. But what about venial sins? We all commit venial sins, even the saints. A venial sin is committed ...


4

There is no difference; Redemptor (Redeemer) and Redemtrix (Redemptress) are simply the Latin for Redeemer in the masculine and feminine forms. The Council of Trent (a Council as yet unrivaled in terms of authority) authoritatively taught that Christ is quote, "alone our Redemmer and Saviour" (Session XXV, emphasis mine; note that this doesn't ...


3

This applies to anything in Catholic doctrine. If you are not fully aware and have not given your full consent consciously, knowingly and soberly, that thing is not binding. In other words, you have the ability to say, 'Hey, I didn't know what I was doing and I take it back'. Now, God does not like people making solemn promises to Him and later taking it ...


3

There is no biblical basis to come up with the notion of Mary's conception being "immaculate" in the first place. There is also no theological need for it, just as there was no need for anyone else in Jesus' lineage to be either. The notion, as cited by you above, seems to arise as a result of a logical demand that Jesus, as the Son of God, should enter ...


3

It is important to note that before the "Edict of Milan" the church was a persecuted Church and the Gospel as well as the traditions passed on by the apostles were spread orally and in many distant geographical areas. After the Edict, Christians under the protection and support of the Emperor Constantine where able to freely practice and articulate those ...


3

It has something to do with the understanding from the Church Fathers that the Son, the Second Person of the Holy Trinity, existed before all ages, before the Mother of God. So, there was an old debate about Mother Mary in the Middle Ages, between Franciscans and Dominicans: Was Our Lady Sinless (The Franciscan point of view), or was she Maculate? (The ...


3

The Perpetual Virginity of Mary is one of the four Marian dogmas, the others being the Divine Maternity, the Immaculate Conception and the Glorious Assumption, which have so far been defined. Pope Clement VIII in 1603 in Dominici Gregis condemned as heresy the error that the Blessed Virgin Mary did not remain forever in her virginal integrity, before ...


3

Fergusson doesn't appear to understand Catholic mariology. Mary is not a "feminine expression of deity"; she is not a feminine aspect of God; she is not God, as Protestants often blasphemously allege Catholics believe. Although St. Gertrude the Great was not canonized, that doesn't mean this holy Benedictine is not a saint. Her feast was celebrated ...


3

What is the process of the Church approving a Marian apparition? The Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith published it guidelines for Marian apparitions in the document entitled : Norms regarding the manner of proceeding in the discernment of presumed apparitions or revelations The Vatican's "Norms regarding the manner of proceedings in the ...


3

What does the perpetual virginity of Mary add to our salvation? It makes Mary the Mother of the Church and the spiritual Mother of all mankind. The perpetual virginity of Mary is a complement to the redemptive work of her Son, Jesus who is called the Christ. The Catechism of the Catholic Church speaks thus about Mary’s virginity and motherhood: Mary's ...


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