18

Calvin did not like appealing to any tradition or authority other than Scripture. He asserts that the Bible teaches that all have sinned and that all continue to sin, and on that basis each facet of Mariology falls down like dominoes (except perpetual virginity, which he neither defends nor denies based on what he perceives as Scriptural silence). In ...


8

Pope Pius XII's 1 Nov. 1950 Apostolic Constitution defining the dogma of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mother, Munificentissimus Deus, says "that, since ancient times, there have been both in the East and in the West solemn liturgical offices commemorating this privilege." He then mentions the Roman liturgy, Gallican sacramentary, and the Byzantine ...


7

In order to understand this, it is necessary to understand the possible bases for Catholic a theological belief. My answer here discusses the role of Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture in the Church; and my answer here begins a discussion of the Magisterium of the Church. These three are the grounds on which the Catholic Church can declare something to be ...


5

The Catholic Church teaches as dogma that the Virgin Mary was assumed body and soul into heaven. The Church's tradition on this matter is that Mary did physically die. But Pope Pius XII left this point an open question. On November 1, 1950, Pope Pius XII spoke these words, which kindled Catholic hearts around the world: We pronounce, declare, ...


3

There is no obvious basis for the Assumption of Mary in the Bible. Mary is mentioned a few times outside the birth narratives of Luke and Matthew: Is he not the carpenter, the son of Mary... (Mark 6:3) Is he not the carpenter's son? Is not his mother named Mary ... (Matthew 13:55) Standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother ... (John 19:25) On the third ...


3

Both the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church have their own particular aspects or traditions on the Assumption of Mary. They both, more or less, share the tradition that at the time the Virgin Mary died (or fell asleep), she was placed in a tomb. However, St Thomas was not present when the time came for Mary to pass on from this life to the next. So he ...


3

Public Denial of the Assumption Incurs Excommunication Pope Pius XII defined the dogma of the Assumption of Mary, body and soul, into heaven in Munificentissimus Deus (1950): For which reason, after we have poured forth prayers of supplication again and again to God, and have invoked the light of the Spirit of Truth, for the glory of Almighty God who has ...


3

Both the Catholic and Orthodox Churches have many traditions and customs surrounding the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, body and soul into heaven. The domestic church, that is to say the family, like the Holy Family of Jesus, Mary and Joseph practices its Christian faith in such ways as to continuously deepen their belief in their holy ...


3

There are some confusion among Christians regarding Paradise, Heaven, Hell, lake of fire and Sheol. Already many questions are asked on these topics like; this, this,this and this. I would like to explain what I understand about Heaven. I believe that Paradise was a place where the Old Testament saints were waiting for Jesus to defeat Satan and bring them ...


2

This discussion overlooks a few key texts. Here is a prayer written by St. Athanasius of Alexander (296-373 AD), considered the most strident defender of orthodox Christianity against the threat of Arianism: It becomes you to be mindful of us, as you stand near Him who granted you all graces, for you are the Mother of God and our Queen. Help us for the ...


2

The main verse that people quote with regards to being in heaven immediately is the words of Jesus on the cross to the thief: "I assure you: Today you will be with Me in paradise" Luke 23:43 Indicating that rather than just waiting until the 2nd coming, there is a paradise which people inhabit immediately upon death, similar to that spoken of in John 14:...


2

Canadian Thomist philosopher Charles de Koninck was a big defender of the Assumption. He saw Munificentissimus Deus (1 November 1950), which Pius XII promulgated only a few months after his anti-Modernist and pro-Thomist encyclical Humani Generis (12 August 1950), as contra Cartesian dualism (mind-body dualism),* since the Pope stresses the unity of the body ...


2

Simple answer: none of this is as simple as your friend pretends it is. For openers, belief is not static, it is part of the continuum called life. What I believe and accept today is different from what I believed and accepted a quarter of a century ago. (I was not a confirmed Catholic then). What someone believes or doubts today may, through a variety ...


2

All of them. Jesus was 33 when he died. If she were 12 - 20 years old at his birth, then she would have been 45 - 53 years old at his death. Which is quite old for people at that time. The earliest known books of the New Testament were written around 45-55 CE. This would have her age between 57 - 75 year old - which would not be consistent with the ...


2

Catholics believe that Mary was chosen, not so that she could be the Mother of God, but so that she could choose whether or not to be the Mother of God—and that in order to make this choice in complete and perfect freedom, she was redeemed from original sin from the moment of her conception: In order for Mary to be able to give the free assent of her faith ...


2

According to Shoemaker's Ancient Traditions of the Virgin Mary's Dormition and Assumption pp. 68-69, it's from the Euthymiac History: Perhaps the most famous of these traditions is a brief work known as the Euthymiac History. This legend was interpolated into the second of John of Damascus’ homilies on the Dormition* at an early point in their ...


1

In the hypothesis of Incarnation without sin, it is obvious that the Incarnated Word would not have been rejected, mistreated and killed by people. Not only the passion and death of the Incarnated Word would not have been necessary for the atonement of sins, but also it would not have been even possible, because people in the original state of holiness and ...


1

How does the revelation of Blessed Emmerich harmonize the teaching of Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy in Mary's Assumption? Before I begin, I will start with a caveat! The revelations of Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich are a treasure chest of information that can not be always verified or completely sanctioned by the Church. Because Blessed Catherine ...


1

John of Damascus records the source of the quote as from St. Juvenal bishop of Jerusalem CE 450. "St. John Damascene (d. 749) also recorded an interesting story concerning the Assumption: "St. Juvenal, Bishop of Jerusalem, at the Council of Chalcedon (451), made known to the Emperor Marcian and Pulcheria, who wished to possess the body of the Mother of ...


1

It is important for a believer to have a proper understanding of Mary in order to have a proper understanding of Christ. What do I mean by that? Protestants always (I wanted to type "often") look on Mary with the idea that her role in the salvation of man is inconsequential or minimal. When doing this, they use the same scripture Catholics use to ...


1

There seems to be a misunderstanding about the nature of canonization inherent in the question. Canonization (of saints) is the process by which any soul is declared officially to be in heaven, but it does not mean that those not yet declared to be in heaven either a) are not, or b) are not worthy of heaven—even if not there yet (e.g. are still living). ...


1

Are the Marian Doctrines explicitly mentioned in the Bible? The answer is "no". It is worth remembering, however, that every Christian believes something not explicitly mentioned in the Bible. We are thus brought to the interrelated questions of authority and interpretation. In other words, we must ask: Who has the ultimate authority to interpret ...


1

There's a difference between being in heaven completely (with body) and with soul only. We have biblical evidence for the first in case of Enoch (Genesis 5:24) and Elijah (2Kings 2:1-18), there is an apocryphal account of this happening to Moses (Assumption of Moses) and the tradition dogmatized in Catholic Church and believed by many in Orthodox Churches ...


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