Questions tagged [pre-nicene-fathers]

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Was Tertullian a Sabellian? [closed]

Recently, I stated in an article that Tertullian was a Sabellian. One person objected and quoted a passage that states that Tertullian was “one of the chief critics of Sabellianism.” Consequently, I ...
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Did the 1st Council of Nicea have a predecessor?

Prior to the First Council of Nicea was there any single meeting or ongoing group that attempted organization of the faith and its followers in any similar way ?
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Do we know how many bishops attending the Council of Nicaea were victims of the Roman perscutions?

Do we know how many bishops attending the Council of Nicaea were actual victims of the Roman perscutions? The Council of Nicaea opened on May 20, 325 AD. The First Council of Nicaea, the first ...
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Did Philo influence the contents of the New Testament?

Internet Encyclopedia (IE) article on Philo claims that Philo “laid the foundations for the development of Christianity … as we know it today.” It says, “Philo’s primary importance is in the ...
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What was the ante-Nicene Fathers' view on image veneration?

What was the ante-Nicene Fathers' view on image veneration and its use inside churches?
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Did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe in the continuation or cessation of the office of Prophet?

What did the Apostolic Fathers, Ante-Nicene Fathers and the Ante-Nicene Church in general believe about the continuation of the office of Prophet? Were they cessationists or continuationists with ...
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Did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe in the continuation or cessation of the office of Apostle?

What did the Apostolic Fathers, Ante-Nicene Fathers and the Ante-Nicene Church in general believe about the continuation of the office of Apostle? Were they cessationists or continuationists with ...
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What did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe about Gehenna and the Second Death?

Gehenna according to Strong's Concordance geenna: Gehenna, a valley W. and South of Jer., also a symbolic name for the final place of punishment of the ungodly Original Word: γέεννα, ης, ἡ Part of ...
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4 answers
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For Christians who are skeptical of the writings of the Apostolic & Ante-Nicene Fathers, what is their epistemological basis for trusting a canon?

The process of formation of the Biblical canon(s) demonstrably required lots and lots of human intervention, judgement and discernment by the Early Church over the course of several centuries. ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Did any Apostolic or Ante-Nicene Fathers believe that Jesus was a created being?

Nothing to add to the title: did any Apostolic or Ante-Nicene Fathers believe that Jesus was a created being? Related questions: Which Ante-Nicene Church Fathers believed that Jesus is the "...
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1 answer
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What did the Apostolic and ante-Nicene Fathers believe about Sheol/Hades?

What did the Apostolic and ante-Nicene Fathers believe about Sheol / Hades? Did they believe that it was a real supernatural place that houses the spirits of the dead? Did they believe that it was a ...
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Is there a name for solving doctrinal disputes that cannot be decided on exegesis alone by surveying the positions of the Ante-Nicene Fathers?

If two mutually contradictory doctrines A and B can both be defended through careful exegesis of different sets of passages, in such a manner that there is no obvious way to "prove" (in a ...
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1 answer
290 views

What is the biblical & patristic basis for the belief that the saints go to Heaven instead of Sheol after the resurrection and ascension of Jesus?

As they say, a picture is worth a thousand words: (source) The above link already makes some good arguments, but considering that the linked site could go down for unexpected reasons and that other ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Do any denominations consider the writings of any Apostolic or ante-Nicene Father to be inspired?

Do any denominations consider the writings of any Apostolic or ante-Nicene Father to be inspired and authoritative to establish doctrines? If so, what criteria are used to make such a determination?
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What is the view of soul sleep adherents on statements from the Apostolic and ante-Nicene Fathers that seem to support post-mortal consciousness?

Inspired by the answers I received to my previous question What did the Apostolic Fathers believe regarding the state of the dead and the afterlife?, I'm very curious about what proponents of Soul ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Who first used the term "spirit of fornication" (𝘴𝘱𝘪𝘳𝘪𝘵𝘶𝘴 𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘯𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘪𝘴)?

Who first used the term "spirit of fornication" (spiritus fornicationis)? It appears in the Litany of the Saints (Litaniæ Sanctorum): A spiritu fornicationis, ℟. libera nos, Domine. From ...
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What was the real issue between Arius and Bishop Alexander at Nicaea in 325?

The conflict between the presbyter called Arius and his bishop Alexander of Alexandria, which began somewhere in 318/19, quickly spread through Egypt and Libya and the other Roman provinces [KAYE, ...
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What evidence is there that the original framers of the 325 Nicene Creed intended it to be read in subordinationist ways?

“’Subordinationism’, it is true was pre-Nicene orthodoxy” [Henry Bettenson, The Early Christian Fathers p. 239.]. RPC Hanson (The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God, p. xix.) even wrote: “With ...
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Should homoousion in the Nicene Creed be translated as "same substance" or as “one substance?”

Literally, homoousion means "same substance" from homos (same) and ousia (essence) (The Free Dictionary). But it is often translated as “one substance” (e.g., Merriam-Webster). The word “...
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What was the 'orthodox' view of God and Christ when the Arian Controversy began?

In response to my question why Theodosius was successful in bringing the Arian Controversy to a close, @Anne gave me references to some articles. I have read one by Steven Wedgeworth. It is a very ...
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