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Questions tagged [epistemology]

The study of how one goes about "knowing" what they know

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How do creationists address the similarity between Irreducible Complexity and God Of The Gaps?

"God Of The Gaps" refers to using holes in our understanding of the universe as an argument for God. It is rejected by modern creationists, as it is by Christians generally. However, the only ...
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372 views

How can Protestants authoritatively declare something wrong or heretical under Sola Scriptura?

Within Protestantism there is no universal definition of theology or how to understand the Bible: Anglicans have one definition, Lutherans another, Calvinists another, (insert name here), etc. So ...
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What is the “fideism” rejected by the Catholic Church?

In philosophy, fideism seems to be used as a label to refer to epistemological approaches that tend to prioritize faith over reason. And this makes sense; after all, "fideism" is just Latin for "...
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2answers
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What positions with regard to epistemology exist in Catholicism?

Mostly sparked by debates regarding evolution, I have become curious what epistemological positions exist in Catholicism. I understand the doctrinal priority of biblical texts, so from a Christian ...
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6answers
2k views

Is creationism falsifiable? [closed]

Falsifiability of a theory is an inherent possibility to prove it to be false. Which is a requirement in the field of scientific methodology for a theory to be regarded valuable. As by Karl Popper's "...
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2answers
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Where does the idea that you cannot conceive of light until you see it come from? [closed]

A friend of mine is an atheist. I told him that his disbelief is an effect of his ignorance and gave him an example. So I told him to imagine a person, who was born and lived all his life in a dark ...
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2answers
126 views

What evidence is there to suggest that denominations have different epistemological preferences?

I've read the following: You will find different "schools" of Christianity have different epistemological preferences. To put very very broad brushstrokes (and I don't mean to offend), Rationalsm ->...
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4answers
605 views

Was Jesus an adherent to 'Sola Scriptura'? [closed]

Adherents to Sola Scriptura basically believe that Scripture should be the foundation of all doctrine. (NOTE: That is not to say that outside sources cannot be used to aide us in understanding the ...
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3answers
165 views

What makes a Council's conclusions authoritative?

I was just reflecting on an answer to a question I recently asked, and began to wonder... How do we know the conclusions of a given Council were true? Are all findings by Christian Councils ...
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4answers
938 views

Christian Position on the meaning of Faith [closed]

We are told, 'The just (upright) shall live by faith.' So I have a question for the Christians here. How do you understand faith? This does not have to be strictly biblical (since the scripture does ...
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10answers
993 views

Are there truths that can only be known through spiritual means? [closed]

The motivation for this question basically comes from reading the discussion around the question Is it necessary to Biblically support arguments within discussions about Christianity? and a question ...
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11answers
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Does the Bible espouse moral absolutism or moral relativism? [closed]

I believe that throughout both the Old Testament and the New Testament, the Bible espouses moral absolutism. Yet, I recently read on this site a response to a question about slavery: As stated, ...
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5answers
452 views

Is a “skeptical viewpoint” more objective than “Christian viewpoint” in matters of theology? [closed]

Based on a recent discussion, the assertion was made that a skeptical viewpoint allows one to be more objective, even in matters of theology. Is this demonstrably true? When evaluating Christian ...
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7answers
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Why is the Bible a foundation of theological evidence?

Please excuse my ignorance I'm new to this. I've been looking through the Q&A on the site and I've noticed scripture and especially passages from the Bible are cited as evidence for one argument ...
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3answers
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How to verify if a “message from God” came from God? [closed]

If I doubted on the authenticity of a "message", must I automatically associate it with the enemy's attacks? Message here refers to any information that might be related to God's Will in our lives.