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Questions tagged [philosophy]

Philosophical approaches in theology and relationship between philosophy and faith.

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99 views

What is the “fideism” rejected by the Catholic Church?

In philosophy, fideism seems to be used as a label to refer to epistemological approaches that tend to prioritize faith over reason. And this makes sense; after all, "fideism" is just Latin for "...
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8answers
376 views

How it is possible to be one God in three persons (Jesus, Holy Ghost, and God the Father)?

1)”Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. Deuteronomy 6:4 2)And the Word( Jesus) became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son[a] from the ...
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2answers
111 views

Why does the axiom of choice imply the existence of a unique God?

The following is paraphrased from A Passion for Mathematics by Clifford A. Pickover (read in Kiefer Sutherland's voice): (mathjax here) Theorem: The axiom of choice is equivalent to the existence of ...
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1answer
147 views

How is free-will formally defined as distinct from determinism, randomness and determinism-randomness hybrid to support moral responsibility? [closed]

Usually free-will is assumed by most faith traditions as a prerequisite for moral responsibility in order to justify eternal punishment. The argument goes as "you are truly responsible for your ...
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1answer
126 views

Must Catholics believe in Christ's historicity?

Is there some philosophical doctrine in Catholicism which does not require to believe in the historicity of Christ, like in Buddhism (you can "believe"/practice Buddhism, but don't believe in Buddha ...
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0answers
63 views

If we can't fully comprehend God, how can we ever know that what we believe is true? [closed]

For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, declares the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than ...
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59 views

Who are the prominent Christian thinkers that define “permissive” will?

I would like to get a better understanding of the term "permissive will". I have read a couple threads on this forum related to this topic, but neither has given me a satisfactory understanding. I ...
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2answers
236 views

According to Reformed Theology, how is Compatibilism different than Hard Determinism?

This question is related to What is the difference between hard determinism and compatibilism, under the assumption of physicalism?, but I'm looking for the Reformed/Calvinism understanding of this ...
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1answer
283 views

What influence did Greco-Roman philosophy have on the doctrine of “creatio ex nihilo”?

Background Frequently, Creationists and Theistic Evolutionists will appeal to and debate/discuss the idea of "Creatio Ex Nihilo" (Latin for "creation from nothing") with some critiquing the concept ...
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2answers
290 views

Under what basis does the Catholic Church consider animals, in particular great apes, not to be persons?

The Catholic Church teaches that out of earthly beings, only humans, and not animals, are persons and therefore many rights, like the absolute right to live, are enjoyed only by humans. As the CCC ...
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1answer
124 views

Has the Categorical Imperative ever been denounced by the Catholic Church

Lots of enlightenment thinking (particularly those leading towards too much collectivism or capitalism, freethought and rationalism) have been denounced by the Popes and the Saints and the Bishops and ...
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1answer
114 views

If someone doesn't know about Christianity, and they sin, do they go to hell? [closed]

I was debating with a friend recently and he is from India, he never knew about Christianity until he came to the US, and he made a sin, will he go to hell?
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4answers
218 views

The first premise of the Kalam Cosmological Argument for the existence of God

The first premise of the KCA is stated as: Premise 1: Anything that begins to exist must have a cause. The contrapositive statement for this should read. If something is not caused to exist then ...
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2answers
781 views

What is the relation between the Logos of Greek Philosophy and the Logos in Christianity?

The first known mention of the "logos" was by Greek philosopher Heraclitus who lived around 535 - 475 BC. The idea was subsequently developed further by other philosophers such as Aristotle. The ...
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0answers
220 views

What's the main contribution of William of Ockham?

I heard a Catholic Bishop talking about William of Ockham (Robert Barron) but I'm still not quite sure of some things: What is the contribution of William of Ockham to the Church? What would sum up ...
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0answers
261 views

Was William of Ockham the first sedevacantist?

Ockham (cf. this article on him by the Catholic logician Paul V. Spade) invented his dead-end nominalist philosophy in order to justify his being against the papacy (cf. Thomist John Deely's Four Ages ...
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1answer
236 views

Philosophical proofs that God must be triune? [closed]

I have heard that many philosophers wrote that God must be triune. What were their arguments? What are some references regarding this topic?
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1answer
442 views

Is it necessary to read Aristotle's books in order to understand St. Thomas Aquinas's «Summa Theologica»? [closed]

Is it necessary to read Aristotle's books in order to understand St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica?
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3answers
1k views

Is there a scriptural support for “man are ‘half animal, half angel’”? [closed]

The Philosopher and Critic of Christianity Ludwig Feuerbach wrote: “My only wish…is to transform friends of God into friends of man, believers into thinkers, devotees of prayer into devotees of ...
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1answer
115 views

Texts in Eastern services expressing ideas about the role of woman in child development

I have quite a specific question about the view of ancient Christians on the development of a child. I always assumed, that since the Ephesus Fathers considered being born of human woman as a ...
4
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2answers
413 views

How has the ontological argument been used to explain the Trinity?

The basis of an ontological argument is the existence of an idea of a great God, of whom none greater can be imagined. However, we've heard many times that the human mind cannot comprehend the ...
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1answer
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What is (or where can I find) a summary of David J Bartholomew's views on God and Chance?

I note that David J. Bartholomew has written extensively on a theological view of chance. What is a brief summary of the views he expresses on this topic in the following works or elsewhere: God of ...
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1answer
865 views

Aquinas' understanding of love - is it desire?

St. Thomas Aquinas' definition of love is "to will the good of another" - is it same as defining love as "to desire the good of another"? According to Aquinas, does "loving" always require "desire ...
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1answer
143 views

What defence can be made for Christian anthropocentrism?

In the light of the ecological crisis, the Western appeal to Buddhist interrelatedness and Confucianism seems to be gaining favour. My question is, has Christian anthropocentrism become outdated? I ...
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0answers
82 views

What does the Catholic Church think about God being defined as “that than which nothing greater can be conceived”?

I think most modern Catholic theologians disagree with the claim that existing is greater than not existing, but what about the definition given by Anselm? Is that accepted? Why or why not?
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2answers
189 views

What prominent Christian thinkers (if any) held to polygenism and if so how did these thinkers view original sin? [duplicate]

Have any influential or well known (be it in scholastics or in media) Christian thinkers express views that the first 'couple' was 'couples' (polygenism) and if so, how did they reconcile this ...
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2answers
257 views

According to Roman Catholicism, what is the soul and its purpose?

In the Catholic Tradition does there exist a teaching on the purpose or role of the human soul in the makeup of a human being? I could also settle for a theologian's thoughts and writings on the ...
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2answers
196 views

Have any Christian thinkers expressed the idea that the trinity can be proven independently from Scripture?

It is widely understood among trinitarians that the doctrine of the trinity is best seen through special revelation, particularly the scriptural accounts of the incarnation of Christ. But have there ...
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5answers
532 views

What is the name of this theological problem?

I have formulated a theological problem, and I would like to research different answers people have for it. This process would be a lot easier if I had a solid starting point. I am wondering if there ...
10
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1answer
3k views

What is Alvin Plantinga's view on divine sovereignty and free will?

The main Wikipedia page on Molinism lists Plantinga as one of its (Molinism's) best known advocates. However, Plantinga, in a speech given at Azusa Pacific University, describes himself as "a ...
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1answer
8k views

What is the background of the words “notitia,” “fiducia,” and “assensus” and how do they relate to the biblical notion of “faith”?

The book Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (page 18) describes notitia, fiducia, and assensus as the three essential elements that make up the biblical notion of "faith." notitia ...
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2answers
154 views

Transcendence and Revelation

Since God transcends all humans and all their artefacts; and almost all revelation occurs within human languages, which are in a definite sense human artefacts; isn't it the case that Divine ...
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5answers
3k views

Was Jesus a Cynic (Greek philosophy)?

Cynicism is a school of Greek philosophy. It taught that the purpose of life was to live in virtue, in agreement with nature. As reasoning creatures, people could gain happiness by rigorous ...
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4answers
984 views

Why did Christianity not follow Philo of Alexandria's definition of logos?

Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 50 AD), a Hellenized Jew, used the term Logos to mean an intermediary divine being, or demiurge. Philo followed the Platonic distinction between imperfect matter and ...
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5answers
3k views

Is it okay for Christians to study philosophy? [closed]

With this question I regard the general makeup of philosophy. Many claim that both philosophy and Christianity contradict and therefore cannot coexist. I do not mention this to ask, 'can a Christian ...
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5answers
10k views

Why does a clever Satan fight with God even though he knows he will lose? [duplicate]

There was war in heaven (oh yes there was) and Satan lost his place in heaven when he was defeated. What biblical reason is there to show Satan's reasoning behind fighting with God (despite the fact ...
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1answer
228 views

Is SIN a sin just because God says it is sin? [duplicate]

What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet if it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin. For I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, “...
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1answer
387 views

What did C. S. Lewis base his idea of sehnsucht/joy on?

C. S. Lewis' idea of sehnsucht is that we sense that there is some ineffable object to our desires and that this proves that there is something beyond this world and life (for it makes the enjoyment ...
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1answer
70 views

Will executioners of capital punishments be saved?

'(...)Look, today you drive me from the surface of the earth. I must hide from you, and be a restless wanderer on earth. Why, whoever comes across me will kill me!' 'Very well, then,' Yahweh ...
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1answer
130 views

How widely accepted is platonism in Christianity? [closed]

How widely is it thought everything in 'this World' reflects a greater reality where those things are perfect (in God)? That we might reach this perfection via beatification? And how widely might we ...
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2answers
297 views

What questions raised by ancient Greek philosophy were answered by Christianity? [closed]

I have heard several Christian philosophers (Robert Koons, Dallas Willard, for example) say that Christianity emphatically answered a lot of questions posed by ancient Greek philosophy. For example, ...
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2answers
25k views

Does everything happen for a reason, and what is the biblical support for the different views? [duplicate]

Sometimes, people say that everything happens for a reason (as in "God has a purpose with everything that happens, good or bad"). It seems to me that the Bible is not clear on the subject. On one hand,...
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2answers
558 views

St. Thomas Aquinas' contingency proof and LDS cosmology

The argument from contingency summarized by St. Thomas illustrates that in order for existence to be a reality there must be an "Uncaused Cause" that possesses existence in and of Himself. Everything ...
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2answers
546 views

Is the philosophy of René Girard compatible with mainline Christianity?

Rene Girard is a French historian and philosopher. The premise of his works is summarized by Wikipedia: mimetic desire: all of our desires are borrowed from other people; mimetic rivalry: ...
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6answers
6k views

Does the Bible make a distinction between Christian and secular love? [closed]

John makes this startling claim in his first epistle. 1 John 4:7-8 (NIV) 7  Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows ...
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4answers
593 views

Did any other philosophical systems have as much influence on the early Church as Platonism and Stoicism?

Many historians agree that the philosophical systems of Platonism and Stoicism had an important role in the efforts of the early Church to communicate the message of the Gospel to unbelievers, and ...
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3answers
502 views

What place do ontological arguments for God have in Christianity?

As I understand it, the ontological argument that is sometimes applied to the existence of God goes something like this: God by definition is perfect. Non-existence would be an imperfection, ...
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5answers
902 views

Any philosphers arguing that the Christian worldview is the most rational?

I have seen life at either extreme, first as a Hindu, with a sort of blind faith in general religiosity, and later as an atheist, with a blind faith in knowledge obtained through the senses alone. I ...
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1answer
182 views

What is the status of “The Will to Believe” among contemporary philosophers?

My own conversion experience agrees with William James' "Will to Believe" philosophy. To put it briefly, here's a snippet from Wikipedia: ""The Will to Believe" is a lecture by William James, ...
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5answers
2k views

Why do religious people find it hard to accept that you don't need religion to have a good moral code? [closed]

Just curious why some religious people think that without god there is only evil. Why can't a person without a religion be a good person, sometimes even better than some religious people?