Questions tagged [apostles]

Those "sent out", including Jesus' Twelve Apostles and later equivalents.

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When was it claimed for the first time in Church history that the offices of apostle and prophet have ceased?

First, some context ... Ephesians 2:19-22 (ESV): 19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, 20 built on the ...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that Paul was the last one to be called by God to be an apostle in church history?

Many Christians believe that the office of apostleship ended in the first century with the apostle Paul, and that after Paul there have not been any more people called by God/Jesus Himself (through ...
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What is the view of Reformed Protestantism on those who were 'numbered with' the apostles but did not, as did Paul, receive Peter's approbation?

Paul, alone, receives the strong approbation of Peter and obtains Peter's clear emphasis that Paul's writings are 'scripture : ... even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given ...
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Are there any denominations that believe in contemporary apostles, and if so, how is a person called to be an apostle according to them?

Not much to add to the title. Are there any denominations that believe that God is still calling people to be apostles today? If so, how does a person know for sure that they have been or are being ...
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How does Catholic Church reconcile the time of and the manner in which Jesus' resurrection was disclosed to Apostles?

We read in Mk 16:1-8, the the Angel's instruction to the women who visited the tomb of Jesus on the day of his Resurrection, and its outcome: When the sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary ...
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According to John 20:31, was John Writing His Gospel to Teach that Jesus was the Messiah, not God? [closed]

I am editing the question to make it more specific, since the original question was closed for being "off-topic" which I believe meant I was asking too broad a question. I am here looking ...
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Why aren't the Apostles called the Church Fathers?

If the traditional “Church Fathers' are from about 160-380 AD, why are they called the Church Fathers? The Church was started by Jesus and ministered by the apostles from the very beginning - teaching,...
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How did the early Christians and Apostles Get into the temple? Shouldn't they have been stoned by the Jews for preaching Jesus as God?

How did the early Christians and Apostles get into the temple? Shouldn't they have been stoned by the Jews for preaching Jesus as God? Acts 2:46-47 reads: "Every day they continued to meet ...
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What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified?

What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified? What I’ve heard is Peter was about the same age as Jesus (30-33), while John was an older teenage, approximately 18. This ...
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What's the difference between the Apostle's claims and the claims of others who started religious movements?

So I recently watched a documentary about a new age movement and felt a bit rattled by what I perceived to be some examples of peoples behaving in a way that undermines the common arguments for ...
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How did the Apostle Matthew die?

I see different sources of Apostle Matthew's death staked or impaled to the earth by spears and then beheaded killed by a sword wound natural death he angered a local king who ordered him nailed to a ...
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Is Paul an apostle? [duplicate]

Paul had not met Jesus in person. Jesus never preaches changes to Law. He comes to fulfill it. Jesus has completed the Father's will on earth. Why Paul then?
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Did the Apostles “worship Jesus” in Luke 24:52?

What is the correct reading of Luke 24:52 - did they worship Jesus? Latin Vulgate does not mention this and RSV puts this in footnotes. Luke 24:50-53 (NIV) 50 When he had led them out to the ...
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What are the Christian doctrines denied by the Igreja Maná (Mana Church), if any?

In the city where I live there's a church called Mana Church. I know they venerate (not to the level of God) the founder, Jorge Tadeu. This gives me chills because of Luke 4:8 [KJV] And Jesus ...
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What verses in the Bible indicate that Apostles expected Christ to come back very soon? [closed]

I heard somewhere that it is possible that the 12 Apostles, right after Christ's ascension, believed that His return would happen very soon, that is, even during their lifetime. What evidence do we ...
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Does Mary possess the episcopal dignity like that of a bishop to "lay hands" to confer the gifts of the Holy Spirit not possessed by ordinary priest? [duplicate]

In the Book of Acts the Sacraments of Confirmation of baptized Catholic were confer thru the episcopal powers of the Apostles who had received or bestowed upon the power of a Bishop. The ...
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According to Catholicism at the Upper Room, did the Apostles follow the tradition of laying of hands and pouring of oil like the prophet Samuel?

Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brother, and the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward." 1 Samuel 16:13 And Samuel words saying ...
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Did Mary lay her hands on all the Apostles in the Upper Room to pour out the Holy Spirit anointing?

Pentecost is the outpouring of graces or anointing coming from the Holy Spirit and the Catholic Church teaches that all graces comes only from the hands of Mary as Mediatrix of all graces. In the Old ...
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Did the apostles believe that God is unique, eternal, infinite, omnipotent, immutable, "simple", spirit, and personal?

I am pretty sure the Jewish Bible (OT) gives these characteristics to God. Examples. 1) God is unique: Is 45:18 2) God is infinite and omnipotent: Ps 135:5-6 3) God is eternal: Is 40:28 4) God ...
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How do proponents of Sola Scriptura address the ministry of those Apostles who authored no parts of Scripture?

My purpose is to find a defense of sola scriptura against one part of the argument put forth in this article: https://www.catholic.com/magazine/print-edition/going-beyond The author of the article ...
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Did the apostles teach ideas about God the Father that were contrary to the teachings of first century Judaism?

Early Christianity surely inherited theology from Judaism. In particular, at least some of God's characteristics as taught by Judaism. After all, Jesus and the apostles were Jews. Did they ever ...
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What evidence exists to support church traditions regarding the deaths of the following apostles?

The Bible tells us that King Herod had James killed by the sword (Acts 12:2) but says nothing about the death of Peter, although Jesus made reference to his martyrdom (John 21:18). Is there any ...
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How is it possible that Saint Andrew was an apostle of Jesus Christ?

Saint Andrew is listed as one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ, however on Wikipedia, it is written that Saint Andrew was born in 5 BC. How is it possible that a 5 year old child is an apostle? ...
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Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?

Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?
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In what order were the 12 Apostles called?

A few other people and I at my church have decided to do a detailed study on the 12 Apostles. This got me thinking about the order the apostles were called to follow Christ. We know Simon Peter and ...
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From a Protestant perspective why didn't the Apostles address the problem of deutrocanonical books?

The Apostles interacted with Hellenistic Jews (Acts 17:11) who we know historicaly held deutrocanonical books as scripture, why wouldn't St. Paul or any of the other Apostles make it clear that the ...
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Do any denominations rank the apostles?

Many Christian denominations hold the primacy of Peter as doctrine. That is, they believe that Peter was the most prominent, authoritative, influential, and/or prestigious of the twelve apostles. ...
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What is the difference between an apostle and a disciple? [duplicate]

Some people use "apostles" and "disciples" interchangeably when talking about the 12 that originally followed Jesus. Yet, I don't commonly hear the opposite, people using those two words ...
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In John 1:45–51, did Jesus prophesy that Nathanael was one of the 144,000 Jews in Revelation 7 and 14?

When Jesus tells Nathanael he will see the heavens opened and angels descending on the Son of man is He referring to simply a declaration of His deity, His baptism and other events where God confirmed ...
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Why were the apostles still going to the temple for prayer and rituals?

In the book of Acts you read how the Apostles attend the temple, offer rituals, prayers etc. So it is clear they are still obeying the Law. How is it that they didn't understand modern day ...
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Do Christians believe the gospels were written by some of 12 apostles? [closed]

From studying historical new testament the authors claim the gospels were written 50-100 years after Jesus by people that had no eyewitness connection to Jesus or the 12 apostles (instead collected ...
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The Mark 16:15 Command as Practiced by the Apostles

Mar 16:15 And he said to them, "Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation. The Apostles were told to "Go into all the world", yet the Bible records Peter and John going to ...
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Why did Peter, James and John (all three) appear to Joseph Smith? [duplicate]

Why did Peter, James and John, (all three) appear to Joseph Smith?
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Besides Satan, was Jesus alone in the desert?

If Jesus went to desert alone for forty days and forty nights, how could the apostles write about it?
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What writing materials did the writers of the Gospels use?

I am wondering what kind of writing materials the writers of the Gospels used to make the original scrolls. I know that papyrus and parchment were used widely at the time.
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Why did Jesus predict martyrdom of some of his disciples?

At Luke 21:16-19 (RSVCE) we read : You will be delivered up even by parents and brothers and kinsmen and friends, and some of you they will put to death; you will be hated by all for my name’s ...
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In Romans 16:7, are Andronicus and Junia apostles? AND... is Junia a woman? How did the Church Fathers interpret this? [closed]

In Romans 16:7, are Andronicus and Junia apostles? AND... is Junia a woman? Greet Andronicus and Junia, my relatives who were in prison with me; they are prominent among the apostles, and they ...
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Why doesn't the Catholic church have prophets and apostles? [closed]

The New Testament often mentions the title/calling apostle and prophet. Why don't Catholics (the largest Christian denomination) use those titles/callings? Is it because they see some biblical basis ...
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Considering the Lord's Supper was instituted on the Passover, would the apostles have concluded it was to be an annual celebration like the Passover? [closed]

When instituting the Lord's Supper, Jesus commands the apostles: "Do this in remembrance of me." Luke 22:19 reads: Then he took bread, and after giving thanks he broke it and gave it to them, ...
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What is the difference between an Apostle and an Evangelist according to Charismatic Christianity?

Consider the following passage from the letter to the Ephesians that lists a number of offices of ministry. Ephesians 4:11-14 And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as ...
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How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles?

How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles? With scriptures listed below it appears that though John, Andrew, and Peter were the first to ...
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Do any local churches in the lands evangelized by the apostles celebrate a particular feast of that apostle?

In Catholic and/or Orthodox traditions are there any liturgical feast(s) that are celebrated by local dioceses in the regions evangelized by the apostles in the honor of any of the apostles? The ...
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Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them?

In the section Origin of the creed in the article Apostles' Creed | New Advent, it states that throughout the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the Apostles, on the day of Pentecost, while ...
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Were the 12 apostles all Jewish?

I'm talking about the 12 listed in Matthew 10: 1-4. 1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of ...
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According to reformed theologians, was Barnabas an Apostle?

We usually read the position that there were only 12 Apostles + Paul, and that after the Apostolic era, we have no more Apostles at all. Specially I see this among Reformed theologians. But how do ...
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What Biblical evidence is there that the Apostles feared for their lives after Jesus was crucified?

What Biblical evidence is there that the Apostles feared for their lives after Jesus was crucified? A good answer will cite published commentary and/or provide in depth analysis of specific passages.
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Did the early Church fathers see a distinction between Matthias' and Paul's apostleship appointment, considering Paul's peculiar verbiage choice?

When reading the appointment of Matthias, you come across very specific actions and precise language. Consider, of course: Acts 1:21-26 ESV 21 So one of the men who have accompanied us during all ...
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What is the basis for arguing that Paul should have been selected as the 12th apostle instead of Matthias?

Commentators on the story of Acts 1:15–26, where the Apostles select Matthias to replace Judas as the 12th apostle, often say vague things like: Some have held that the choice of Matthias was ...
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According to biblical inerrantists, are the apostles' recorded speeches in the book of Acts inerrant?

Evangelicals/fundamentalists who believe in biblical inerrancy hold that the Bible is the inspired word of God, and contains no errors.1 This is typically understood to refer to the original ...
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What is the evidence that the New Testament authors believed, or did not believe, that they were writing an inspired record?

The term "canon" is used to describe the collection of books that are considered by Christians to be divinely inspired, and therefore to belong in the Bible. (See: How and when was the canon of the ...