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Questions tagged [apostles]

Those "sent out", including Jesus' Twelve Apostles and later equivalents.

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Did the apostles teach ideas about God the Father that were contrary to the teachings of first century Judaism?

Early Christianity surely inherited theology from Judaism. In particular, at least some of God's characteristics as taught by Judaism. After all, Jesus and the apostles were Jews. Did they ever ...
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What evidence exists to support church traditions regarding the deaths of the following apostles?

The Bible tells us that King Herod had James killed by the sword (Acts 12:2) but says nothing about the death of Peter, although Jesus made reference to his martyrdom (John 21:18). Is there any ...
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How is it possible that Saint Andrew was an apostle of Jesus Christ?

Saint Andrew is listed as one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ, however on Wikipedia, it is written that Saint Andrew was born in 5 BC. How is it possible that a 5 year old child is an apostle? ...
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Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?

Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?
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In what order were the 12 Apostles called?

A few other people and I at my church have decided to do a detailed study on the 12 Apostles. This got me thinking about the order the apostles were called to follow Christ. We know Simon Peter and ...
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From a Protestant perspective why didn't the Apostles address the problem of deutrocanonical books?

The Apostles interacted with Hellenistic Jews (Acts 17:11) who we know historicaly held deutrocanonical books as scripture, why wouldn't St. Paul or any of the other Apostles make it clear that the ...
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Do any denominations rank the apostles?

Many Christian denominations hold the primacy of Peter as doctrine. That is, they believe that Peter was the most prominent, authoritative, influential, and/or prestigious of the twelve apostles. ...
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What is the difference between an apostle and a disciple? [duplicate]

Some people use "apostles" and "disciples" interchangeably when talking about the 12 that originally followed Jesus. Yet, I don't commonly hear the opposite, people using those two words ...
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In John 1:45–51, did Jesus prophesy that Nathanael was one of the 144,000 Jews in Revelation 7 and 14?

When Jesus tells Nathanael he will see the heavens opened and angels descending on the Son of man is He referring to simply a declaration of His deity, His baptism and other events where God confirmed ...
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Why were the apostles still going to the temple for prayer and rituals?

In the book of Acts you read how the Apostles attend the temple, offer rituals, prayers etc. So it is clear they are still obeying the Law. How is it that they didn't understand modern day ...
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Do Christians believe the gospels were written by some of 12 apostles? [closed]

From studying historical new testament the authors claim the gospels were written 50-100 years after Jesus by people that had no eyewitness connection to Jesus or the 12 apostles (instead collected ...
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The Mark 16:15 Command as Practiced by the Apostles

Mar 16:15 And he said to them, "Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation. The Apostles were told to "Go into all the world", yet the Bible records Peter and John going to ...
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Why did Peter, James and John (all three) appear to Joseph Smith? [duplicate]

Why did Peter, James and John, (all three) appear to Joseph Smith?
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Besides Satan, was Jesus alone in the desert?

If Jesus went to desert alone for forty days and forty nights, how could the apostles write about it?
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What writing materials did the writers of the Gospels use?

I am wondering what kind of writing materials the writers of the Gospels used to make the original scrolls. I know that papyrus and parchment were used widely at the time.
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Why did Jesus predict martyrdom of some of his disciples?

At Luke 21:16-19 (RSVCE) we read : You will be delivered up even by parents and brothers and kinsmen and friends, and some of you they will put to death; you will be hated by all for my name’s ...
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In Romans 16:7, are Andronicus and Junia apostles? AND… is Junia a woman? How did the Church Fathers interpret this? [closed]

In Romans 16:7, are Andronicus and Junia apostles? AND... is Junia a woman? Greet Andronicus and Junia, my relatives who were in prison with me; they are prominent among the apostles, and they ...
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Why doesn't the Catholic church have prophets and apostles? [closed]

The New Testament often mentions the title/calling apostle and prophet. Why don't Catholics (the largest Christian denomination) use those titles/callings? Is it because they see some biblical basis ...
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Considering the Lord's Supper was instituted on the Passover, would the apostles have concluded it was to be an annual celebration like the Passover? [closed]

When instituting the Lord's Supper, Jesus commands the apostles: "Do this in remembrance of me." Luke 22:19 reads: Then he took bread, and after giving thanks he broke it and gave it to them, ...
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What is the difference between an Apostle and an Evangelist according to Charismatic Christianity?

Consider the following passage from the letter to the Ephesians that lists a number of offices of ministry. Ephesians 4:11-14 And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as ...
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How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles?

How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles? With scriptures listed below it appears that though John, Andrew, and Peter were the first to ...
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Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them?

In the section Origin of the creed in the article Apostles' Creed | New Advent, it states that throughout the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the Apostles, on the day of Pentecost, while ...
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Were the 12 apostles all Jewish?

I'm talking about the 12 listed in Matthew 10: 1-4. 1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of ...
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According to reformed theologians, was Barnabas an Apostle?

We usually read the position that there were only 12 Apostles + Paul, and that after the Apostolic era, we have no more Apostles at all. Specially I see this among Reformed theologians. But how do ...
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What Biblical evidence is there that the Apostles feared for their lives after Jesus was crucified?

What Biblical evidence is there that the Apostles feared for their lives after Jesus was crucified? A good answer will cite published commentary and/or provide in depth analysis of specific passages.
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Did the early Church fathers see a distinction between Matthias' and Paul's apostleship appointment, considering Paul's peculiar verbiage choice?

When reading the appointment of Matthias, you come across very specific actions and precise language. Consider, of course: Acts 1:21-26 ESV 21 So one of the men who have accompanied us during all ...
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What is the basis for arguing that Paul should have been selected as the 12th apostle instead of Matthias?

Commentators on the story of Acts 1:15–26, where the Apostles select Matthias to replace Judas as the 12th apostle, often say vague things like: Some have held that the choice of Matthias was ...
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According to biblical inerrantists, are the apostles' recorded speeches in the book of Acts inerrant?

Evangelicals/fundamentalists who believe in biblical inerrancy hold that the Bible is the inspired word of God, and contains no errors.1 This is typically understood to refer to the original ...
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What is the evidence that the New Testament authors believed, or did not believe, that they were writing an inspired record?

The term "canon" is used to describe the collection of books that are considered by Christians to be divinely inspired, and therefore to belong in the Bible. (See: How and when was the canon of the ...
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What is the evidence that Ignatius of Antioch was ordained by the Apostles?

What evidence do we possess today indicating that Ignatius of Antioch was ordained by the Apostles?
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How does one become an Apostle in the LDS Church?

With the recent passing of one of the Apostles in the LDS Church, how will the new Apostle be chosen to fill the vacancy?
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Does Eastern Orthodoxy teach that there are other Apostles?

Does Eastern Orthodoxy teach that there are other Apostles besides the first twelve Apostles, Apostle Paul and the Seventy Apostles?
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Is there any explanation from the early church Fathers as to why there is no record of the Apostles being baptized?

I never really noticed this before but it does seem odd that everyone is to be baptized in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, yet it does not appear that the Apostles were. At least there is ...
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What compelled the fishermen to “immediately” follow Jesus? [closed]

The Gospel of Matthew describes Jesus' call of Peter, Andrew, James, and John: As he was walking by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon who is called Peter, and his brother Andrew, ...
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Why did the Apostles not go with the rest of the believers outside of Jerusalem?

I noticed that the Apostles stayed in Jerusalem for a long time while others sort of acted like missionaries as a result of being scattered... except the Apostles. And there arose on that day a ...
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Did Jesus Christ certify that the Apostles were infallible? [closed]

As the question asks, which verses in the Bible show that Jesus Christ consecrated the disciples as apostles during his lifetime. Also are there any verses(with words of Jesus in his lifetime) which ...
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Are the apostles the final authority on interpreting the scriptures in the LDS church and how can I get their interpretations of specific passages?

I heard a lesson on Isaiah in Sunday school and the manual gave what was to me a surprising interpretation of a scripture. I'm trying to understand the scriptures in Isaiah, (praying included). Having ...
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Where are the tombs of Jesus' original 12 Apostles

I would like a list of the twelve Apostles, correlated with their most probable burial location. I understand that many reliquaries containing parts of their bodies were distributed throughout ...
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Who found whom? After Jesus FINDS Philip, why does Philip tell Nathanael “We have FOUND the One…”?

In John chapter 1, the Scriptures record that Jesus found Philip and said to him, "Follow me." Two verses later, Phil tells Nathanael, "We have found the One Moses wrote about..." The next day ...
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How many apostles are there? [closed]

Are there 12 apostles? Are there 70 apostles? When I was growing up and learning about Jesus, I found that he had 12 apostles. I was looking at a page about Mark the Evangelist recently and it says ...
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Why were the General Epistles written? [closed]

The six New Testament epistles known as James; 1 and 2 Peter; 1 and 2 John; and Jude are not directed to any one person or specific branch of the Church. The first verse in each epistle indicates who ...
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Was Paul the ideal Christian we were meant to emulate? [closed]

Did God intend for Paul to show us the kind of Christian life we were all meant to live? I don't mean every nitty-gritty detail. Obviously things would be different if you were born a woman or mute ...
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Were some of Jesus' disciples more privileged than others?

Mark 3:14 Then hit selected twelve of them to be his regular companions, calling them apostles.*He sent them out to preach, and gave them authority to cast out demons. NLT Mark 5:37 Then Jesus ...
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Is there any historical evedence of more apostles being called that were not mentioned in the Bible?

In the Bible it mentions the apostles meeting together in prayer to determine who the lord would have them choose to fill the apostolic vacancy left by Judas. Acts 1:23 And they appointed two,...
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How did the Apostles die?

For some reference as to why this question interests me, one of the evidences that is often given for proof that Jesus really did die and was resurrected is the change wrought in his original ...
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Are Bartholomew and Nathanael the same?

Comparing the lists of disciples in Matthew 10:1-4, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 6:12-16, Acts 1:12-14 We find the name Bartholomew, but in John 1 We read about Nathanael. In John 1:46-50, Nathanael is ...
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Why (and when) did the Apostles stop requiring exactly twelve apostles? Why was James not replaced?

In Acts 1:12-26 we read the story of how Matthias was chosen to replace Judas. This kept the number of apostles at Twelve. Sometime later, James, the brother of John was murdered (Acts 12:2). James ...
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Who Were Mark and Luke?

From Luke 6:13–16 (NIV): When morning came, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated apostles: Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, ...
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What was the role of Apollos in the early church?

In 1 Corinthians 3:6, Paul wrote: I planted the seed, Apollos watered it, but God has been making it grow. Why did Paul specifically mention Apollos as that is the name of a god in Greek mythology?...
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Were there really only twelve apostles? [closed]

I've been researching about the apostles and found historical documents that show there were more than 12 but 12 + 7, including women. This information was included in non biblical historical ...