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Questions tagged [ecumenical-council]

The Seven Ecumenical Councils refer to the seven meetings that occurred in the years 325 AD - 787AD, which helped to define Christianity as it is most widely practiced today.

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Are there any Protestant denominations that reject any of the first six Church Ecumenical Councils?

Here is a simple summary of the purpose of the first six councils: FIRST COUNCIL OF NICAEA (325) – Affirmed the deity of Christ. The false doctrine of Arianism was rejected and affirmed the apostles’ ...
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The Fourth Lateran Council on Conscience

According to St. John Henry Newman (in his essay on Conscience): However, Papal Encyclicals Online, says nothing of the sort. Unlike previous Councils, the proceedings were not formally recorded. ...
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Do the canons of the Second Council of Constantinople anathematise those who believe that Mary and Joseph consummated their marriage?

Motivation I have difficulty, personally, believing in the perpetual virginity of Mary. I do not begrudge anyone else believing that doctrine; I cannot imagine that it affects a person's salvation ...
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Did the 1st Council of Nicea have a predecessor?

Prior to the First Council of Nicea was there any single meeting or ongoing group that attempted organization of the faith and its followers in any similar way ?
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Why is the Council of Jerusalem not considered as the First Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church?

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, a question about the First Ecumenical Council: Nicaea I (325) I have read that the Council of Jerusalem is labeled as a "General Council." Furthermore,...
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On the Contributions of St. Athanasius at the First Council of Nicea?

In 325, the bishops gathered at Nicea (with Athansius present not as a bishop but as a deacon-secretary to the Bishop of Alexandria) for an ecumenical council---in which the Council declared that the ...
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Church Fathers on the Authority of Ecumenical Councils

This post is somewhat related to On the End of the Patristic Era as Considered by the Catholic Church The First Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church was the Council of Nicea in 325. Did any of ...
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Following the Great Schism, what replaced the ecumenical councils' canons on art?

There are much simpler ways to frame this question, but for dramatic effect, consider the Adoration of the Mystic Lamb which was finished in 1432 and the Qunisext Council. In the roughly 700 years ...
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On Biblical Verses Invoked in Papal Encyclicals or Ecumenical Councils

Is there an expedient way to find out if a given some particular biblical verse, it has been invoked in either a papal encyclical or a document of an ecumenical council without having to retrieve that ...
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When a Council Deprives an Archbishop of "Sacerdotal Communion"?

On pg. 13 of the c. 1930 booklet, "Ephesus and Its Great Council," by T. A. Johnston, is found the following (excerpt from a quote by the said Ecumenical Council on the condemnation of ...
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On Luke 10:16 Invoked by a Pope or an Ecumenical Council

He that heareth you, heareth me; and he that despiseth you, despiseth me; and he that despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me. — Luke 10:16 (D-R) I am aware of these three instances: Vatican II, ...
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On the Equivalence of "Let Him be Anathema" and Matters of Faith and Morals

When in a biblical passage, such as Gal. 1:8--- But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach a gospel to you besides that which we have preached to you, let him be anathema. or when an Ecumenical ...
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Do Catholic anathemas apply to people who lived before it was codified?

For example: Do the anathema issued by the Council of Trent regarding the canon of the scripture applies to the Church Fathers who believed in different canons in the early church before the Council ...
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Do we know how many bishops attending the Council of Nicaea were victims of the Roman perscutions?

Do we know how many bishops attending the Council of Nicaea were actual victims of the Roman perscutions? The Council of Nicaea opened on May 20, 325 AD. The First Council of Nicaea, the first ...
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Why was homoousios used in the Nicene Creed?

The word homoousios is not in the Bible. It also was not a standard part of the Christian confession immediately before Nicaea. Rowan Williams described it as “the radical words of Nicaea” (RW, 236) ...
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How do Nontrinitarians justify accepting the canon of Scripture but rejecting the Trinity?

Most Nontrinitarian Christians accept the 66-book canon used by Protestants. However, the canon of Scripture was defined by the Church at around the same time that the Trinity was defined by the ...
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What makes a council ecumenical? [Catholic proof from authority]

I know that a council is ecumenical if a Pope ratifies or confirms it. However, I have not seen any explicit affirmation of this by a pope, saint, theologian, etc. I would like to see a quote from ...
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Did the apostolic or early church fathers acknowledge Papal infallibility?

The Roman Catholic dogma of Papal Infallibility (P.I.) wasn't officially defined until 1870. This doctrine, defined dogmatically at the First Vatican Council of 1869–1870 in the document Pastor ...
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How are the definitions of Ecumenical Council divinely inspired?

Catholics, Orthodox, and other denominations hold that the definitions produced by accepted ecumenical councils are protected from error by the Holy Spirit. What is the manner of this inspiration? ...
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Canons on Constantinople as New Rome

Because it is new Rome, the bishop of Constantinople is to enjoy the privileges of honour after the bishop of Rome. First Council of Constantinople, Canon 3 (382 AD) The bishop of New Rome (...
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How do I locate Vatican I's citation of Lateran IV?

Dei Filius, a Dogmatic Constitution of the First Vatican Council, includes the following paragraph: This sole true God by His goodness and "omnipotent power," not to increase His own ...
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How did the Council of Nicea get such a bad rap? [closed]

I’ve heard countless arguments from Atheists and Muslims that the 1st Council of Nicea banned books from the Bible, hid inconvenient truths, expunged Mohammed from the Bible and so on, we know that ...
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Was the matter of whether the Christians who had renounced their faith under torture should be accepted back considered in the First Council?

Was the question of whether to accept back into the Church those who, under torture, renounced their Christian faith, was considered at the First Ecumenical Council of 325? The wiki page on the First ...
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What do we know about the Council of Nicaea's ban of celebrating the Lord's Supper on the day before Passover?

I was reading the wiki on Constantine the Great and was struck by this passage: More significantly, in 325 he summoned the First Council of Nicaea, most known for its dealing with Arianism and for ...
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What was influence of Thomism on the Council of Trent?

What was influence of Thomism on the Council of Trent? Did anyone study this question and write some article, essay or book on this topic?
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What function does a Council actually serve in Calvinism?

Calvin begins his Antidote1 with the following word (Preface): The name of Sacred Council2 is held in such reverence in the Christian Church, that the very mention of it produces an immediate effect ...
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Robber Councils in Eastern Orthodoxy

In Catholicism, one can discern between a robber Council and a true Ecumenical Council: the Pope gives his ratification of one and not the other. Therefore we know that the correct Council was adopted....
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Trying to understand the footnotes in the documents of the Vatican II council

PREFACE: I am trying to familiarize myself more with more proper catholic doctrines declared by the Vatican II council for when I interact with Catholics, more than just reading the Catechism. A ...
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When was the festival of the see of Peter in the 6th Century?

I've been researching the Decrees of the second Council of Tours (AD 567), specifically Canon XXI: Some still hold fast the old error, that they should honour the 1st of January. Others, on the ...
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What did the Trent lack with regard to Immaculate Conception that Ineffabilis Deus did not?

I've often heard it alleged that 'the Immaculate Conception wasn't a dogma until Pius IX defined it in 1854.' However, I can't reconcile this with what the dogmatic Council of Trent already declared ...
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Do any of the seven ecumenical councils condemn slavery?

Did any of the seven ecumenical councils respected both by Catholic and Orthodox Christians pronounce against slavery or allow slavery?
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What were the main arguments put forth at the Fifth ecumenical council against the preexistence of human souls?

As far as I know, the idea of the preexistence of human souls was condemned on the Fifth ecumenical council (the Second Council of Constantinople). The Wikipedia page on the decrees of that council ...
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What do Protestants think about canon laws given by the Church Fathers?

In the seven ecumenical councils, and throughout early Christian history, various Church Fathers gave certain canon laws, or rules that the clergy and laity had to follow. What do Protestants think ...
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Can orthodox Trinitarians say, "God died on the cross"?

In the council of Ephesus (431 A.D.) the question of whether or not Jesus' mother Mary should be referred to as the "Mother of God" or the "Mother of Christ" was debated. On the orthodox (Mother of ...
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According to Martin Luther, which Councils contradicted each other?

At the imperial Diet of Worms, Luther famously said: I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other [...] What did he mean? Is there a particular ...
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Does the Roman-Catholic Church recognize the Quinisext Council?

Does the Roman-Catholic Church recognize the Quinisext Council and admit its proceedings and canons nowadays? I know that it was rejected by Pope Sergius I. But at the same time this Council was ...
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Is there a Catholic council that established the dogma that the eschaton is in "Heaven" rather than in the Promised Land?

I imagine that the details of the afterlife were disputed as have all points of doctrine. Was the matter settled into dogma at a particular Council? I'd like to find out the details of who championed ...
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What scriptural arguments for the Trinity were used in the First Council of Nicea?

What scriptural arguments for the Trinity were used in the First Council of Nicea?
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What record is there of a canon of Scripture having been set at the First Ecumenical Council?

According to this synopsis As to Judith, he notes that the Council of Nicæa had, contrary to the Hebrew tradition, included it in the Canon of Scripture, and this, with his friends’ requests, had ...
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Identifying General and Universal Magisterium

So, this is a question I have been struggling with for a while now. I understand easily enough the concept of Extraordinary Magisterium, that exercised by the Church through the Council of Bishops ...
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Was any of Flavius Josephus' work relevant to the Council of Nicea?

I noticed that Eusebius transcribes the entirety of Josephus' Testimonium Flavianum in 324 AD, and that the First Council of Nicea occurs in 325 AD. Does any of Josephus' work feature throughout the ...
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What is the origin of 'omnipotence' as an attribute of God in the ecumenical councils and other Christian authorities?

It is customary in Christian theological discourse and affiliated philosophy of religion literature to affirm that God is omnipotent. Often this attribute is joined to omniscience and moral perfection ...
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When did marriage become a sacrament?

The Nestorian Christians who accept just the first ecumenical council do not have marriage as a sacrament. It seems that matrimony was first insitutionalized as a sacrament in the Roman church at the ...
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What was the difference between Jerusalem's honorary primacy and the primacy of Rome, Alexandria, and Antioch?

In Church History in Plain Language, 144, Bruce Shelley writes about the "primacy" that certain bishops enjoyed in the early church: The Council of Nicaea recognized the bishops of Alexandria, ...
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Which, if any, of the seven Church Councils viewed as "Ecumenical" by Eastern Orthodox Christians are rejected by the Roman Catholic Church?

I have heard various answers to this question in the blogo- and wiki-spheres, but I would be interested in knowing what has been officially stated by the Roman Catholic Church in Bulls, Encyclicals, ...
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Which specific canons of the Second Council of Constantinople do Lutherans and Calvinists reject?

The Wikipedia article on the Second Council of Constantinople (the fifth Ecumenical Council) claims that Lutherans and Calvinists accept only the first four Ecumenical Councils as being canonical. My ...
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When did the immutability of God become entrenched in Christian literature?

The immutability of God means God does not change, and it is considered heresy to disagree. However, this concept seems so close to the Greek's idea of perfection, and to conflict with the well-known ...
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Did anyone understand the Holy Spirit to be a person prior to the Council of Constantinople in AD 381?

Do we know of any case of the concept of the Holy Spirit being a person existing among Christians before the Constantinople council of 381 A.D.? The reason I am asking this question is because one ...
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Why were none of the Apostolic fathers' writings included in the last canon accepted in the Ecumenical Councils?

Why is it so that none of the Apostolic fathers' writings was included in the last canon accepted during the time of the Seven Ecumenical Councils? By the "last canon" I mean the one that we have ...
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What exactly was the purpose of the Council of Nicea?

I heard recently in a bible study class on "How we got the Bible", that the Council of Nicea is not actually responsible for the compilation of the complete, canon biblical texts. I had always thought ...
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