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Questions tagged [ecumenical-council]

The Seven Ecumenical Councils refer to the seven meetings that occurred in the years 325 AD - 787AD, which helped to define Christianity as it is most widely practiced today.

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What function does a Council actually serve in Calvinism?

Calvin begins his Antidote1 with the following word (Preface): The name of Sacred Council2 is held in such reverence in the Christian Church, that the very mention of it produces an immediate ...
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Robber Councils in Eastern Orthodoxy

In Catholicism, one can discern between a robber Council and a true Ecumenical Council: the Pope gives his ratification of one and not the other. Therefore we know that the correct Council was adopted....
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Trying to understand the footnotes in the documents of the Vatican II council

PREFACE: I am trying to familiarize myself more with more proper catholic doctrines declared by the Vatican II council for when I interact with Catholics, more than just reading the Catechism. A ...
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When was the festival of the see of Peter in the 6th Century?

I've been researching the Decrees of the second Council of Tours (AD 567), specifically Canon XXI: Some still hold fast the old error, that they should honour the 1st of January. Others, on the ...
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What did the Trent lack with regard to Immaculate Conception that Ineffabilis Deus did not?

I've often heard it alleged that 'the Immaculate Conception wasn't a dogma until Pius IX defined it in 1854.' However, I can't reconcile this with what the dogmatic Council of Trent already declared ...
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Do any of the seven ecumenical councils condemn slavery?

Did any of the seven ecumenical councils respected both by Catholic and Orthodox Christians pronounce against slavery or allow slavery?
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What were the main arguments put forth at the Fifth ecumenical council against the preexistence of human souls?

As far as I know, the idea of the preexistence of human souls was condemned on the Fifth ecumenical council (the Second Council of Constantinople). The Wikipedia page on the decrees of that council ...
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What do Protestants think about canon laws given by the Church Fathers?

In the seven ecumenical councils, and throughout early Christian history, various Church Fathers gave certain canon laws, or rules that the clergy and laity had to follow. What do Protestants think ...
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Can orthodox Trinitarians say, “God died on the cross”?

In the council of Ephesus (431 A.D.) the question of whether or not Jesus' mother Mary should be referred to as the "Mother of God" or the "Mother of Christ" was debated. On the orthodox (Mother of ...
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According to Martin Luther, which Councils contradicted each other?

At the imperial Diet of Worms, Luther famously said: I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other [...] What did he mean? Is there a particular ...
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Does the Roman-Catholic Church recognize the Quinisext Council?

Does the Roman-Catholic Church recognize the Quinisext Council and admit its proceedings and canons nowadays? I know that it was rejected by Pope Sergius I. But at the same time this Council was ...
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Is there a Catholic council that established the dogma that the eschaton is in “Heaven” rather than in the Promised Land?

I imagine that the details of the afterlife were disputed as have all points of doctrine. Was the matter settled into dogma at a particular Council? I'd like to find out the details of who championed ...
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What scriptural arguments for the Trinity were used in the First Council of Nicea?

What scriptural arguments for the Trinity were used in the First Council of Nicea?
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What record is there of a canon of Scripture having been set at the First Ecumenical Council?

According to this synopsis As to Judith, he notes that the Council of Nicæa had, contrary to the Hebrew tradition, included it in the Canon of Scripture, and this, with his friends’ requests, had ...
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Identifying General and Universal Magisterium

So, this is a question I have been struggling with for a while now. I understand easily enough the concept of Extraordinary Magisterium, that exercised by the Church through the Council of Bishops ...
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Was any of Flavius Josephus' work relevant to the Council of Nicea?

I noticed that Eusebius transcribes the entirety of Josephus' Testimonium Flavianum in 324 AD, and that the First Council of Nicea occurs in 325 AD. Does any of Josephus' work feature throughout the ...
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What is the origin of 'omnipotence' as an attribute of God in the ecumenical councils and other Christian authorities?

It is customary in Christian theological discourse and affiliated philosophy of religion literature to affirm that God is omnipotent. Often this attribute is joined to omniscience and moral perfection ...
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When did marriage become a sacrament?

The Nestorian Christians who accept just the first ecumenical council do not have marriage as a sacrament. It seems that matrimony was first insitutionalized as a sacrament in the Roman church at the ...
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What was the difference between Jerusalem's honorary primacy and the primacy of Rome, Alexandria, and Antioch?

In Church History in Plain Language, 144, Bruce Shelley writes about the "primacy" that certain bishops enjoyed in the early church: The Council of Nicaea recognized the bishops of Alexandria, ...
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Which, if any, of the seven Church Councils viewed as “Ecumenical” by Eastern Orthodox Christians are rejected by the Roman Catholic Church?

I have heard various answers to this question in the blogo- and wiki-spheres, but I would be interested in knowing what has been officially stated by the Roman Catholic Church in Bulls, Encyclicals, ...
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Which specific canons of the Second Council of Constantinople do Lutherans and Calvinists reject?

The Wikipedia article on the Second Council of Constantinople (the fifth Ecumenical Council) claims that Lutherans and Calvinists accept only the first four Ecumenical Councils as being canonical. My ...
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When did the immutability of God become entrenched in Christian literature?

The immutability of God means God does not change, and it is considered heresy to disagree. However, this concept seems so close to the Greek's idea of perfection, and to conflict with the well-known ...
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Did anyone understand the Holy Spirit to be a person prior to the Council of Constantinople in AD 381?

Do we know of any case of the concept of the Holy Spirit being a person existing among Christians before the Constantinople council of 381 A.D.? The reason I am asking this question is because one ...
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Why were none of the Apostolic fathers' writings included in the last canon accepted in the Ecumenical Councils?

Why is it so that none of the Apostolic fathers' writings was included in the last canon accepted during the time of the Seven Ecumenical Councils? By the "last canon" I mean the one that we have ...
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Was the Nicene Creed accepted under duress?

In the book Are you Really that Stupid? Observations of a Skeptical Believer, author Joshua Christian makes the claim that the Nicene Creed was accepted under less than ideal (from a theological ...
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What churches eat undercooked meat?

I read about the Council at Jerusalem (the first council despite Council of Nicaea): "It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you with anything beyond the following requirements:...
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What do the Nicene, Apostles, Chalcedonian, Creeds add to the concept of God, Jesus, and the Holy Ghost that is not found directly in the Bible?

There were opposing views especially on the nature of God and His relationship to Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost. That was in part the reason for the councils. To try to unify the church and come to ...
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How could a seventh-century heretic have possessed papal infallibility?

More specifically: How does the Roman Catholic Church reconcile the doctrine of Papal Infallibility with the Sixth Ecumenical Council's pronouncement regarding Pope Honorius? The Sixth Ecumenical ...
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Is this true that before the Quinisext Council it was not allowed to draw Jesus on icons in the form of a man?

Is this true that only at the Quinisext Council it was allowed to draw Jesus on icons as a man, and that before that time Jesus was only depicted on icons as a fish or a lamb? I've looked up the ...
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What makes a Council's conclusions authoritative?

I was just reflecting on an answer to a question I recently asked, and began to wonder... How do we know the conclusions of a given Council were true? Are all findings by Christian Councils ...
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How can common believers be sure that the Church's decisions are correct and not erroneous? [closed]

There have been some councils, the decisions of which were later reversed by some latter councils. Thus, if your position on a particular matter that was being considered at those councils was too ...
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What evidence do we have today about Christian groups not represented at the first four ecumenical councils?

Were there any Christian groups that existed during the time of the first four ecumenical councils and that were not represented at them either because they chose not to attend or they were not ...