Questions tagged [eschatology]

the part of theology concerned with the final events in history

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Is the out-resurrection only for martyrs and people living in the great tribulation? [closed]

Relevant Scripture Revelation 20:4 I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had ...
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For Pretrib believers, doesn't Luke 21:36 imply that Christians will go through the tribulation? If not please explain the meaning of this verse!

Luke 21:36 Be always on the watch, and pray that you may be able to escape all that is about to happen, and that you may be able to stand before the Son of Man.” Doesn't the verse mean that we should ...
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What is the biblical and historical basis for the belief that the Second Coming of Christ hasn't happened yet (as of 2021)?

Simple question: many Christians believe that the Parousia (aka the Second Coming of Christ) hasn't happened yet (as of 2021). Why? What is the biblical and historical basis? What are the strongest ...
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The gates of hell won't prevail against the church (Matt 16:18), but the beast is given authority to conquer the saints (Rev 13:7)

How would someone who doesn't believe in a pretribulation rapture harmonize the following two verses? "...and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against ...
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According to Full Preterists, what historical facts fulfilled the signs and wonders prophesied by Paul in 2 Thessalonians 2:9?

2 Thessalonians 2:1-12 (ESV): Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him, we ask you, brothers, 2 not to be quickly shaken in mind or alarmed, either by ...
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Did the early Church become full preterist after AD 70?

Full preterists believe that the last trumpet call took place in AD 70. A very elaborate presentation of this view can be found in Gina's answer in one of my previous questions. A quote from the ...
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What is the present position of the Catholic Church on resurrection vs “immortality of the soul”?

The Catholic Church has traditionally affirmed the unconditional "immortality of the soul", with its final destination either to the blessedness of Heaven or to the eternal torments of Hell. ...
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According to full preterists, what is the historical basis for viewing the last trumpet call as a historical fact that has already been fulfilled?

Different passages in the Bible shed light on the events that would unfold at the signal of the last trumpet call: 1 Corinthians 15:50-58 (ESV): 50 I tell you this, brothers: flesh and blood cannot ...
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According to Catholicism, did St. Paul believe that end of the world was imminent?

We read at 1 Cor 7: 29-31 (NRSVCE) : I mean, brothers and sisters, the appointed time has grown short; from now on, let even those who have wives be as though they had none, and those who mourn as ...
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Did Jesus say that he was coming back within a generation? [closed]

It seems that Jesus was admitting that he would return after the destruction of the temple in 70 A.D. That the abomination of desolation was the Roman leader Titus. 14 “But when you see the ...
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What is the Scriptural evidence for the Protestant view that the AntiChrist will be Jewish?

In Eschatology, there is a lot of speculation about the identity of the AC, and if he's active on the world stage now, [in other words, a well known leader but just not having revealed his true ...
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What is the biblical basis for Christian denominations to believe in a visible appearance of Christ Jesus when he returns?

This question is inspired by a question asked in 2013: 'Do all Christian traditions expect a second coming of Christ?' Do all Christian traditions expect a second coming of Christ? Although it is my ...
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What is the current Reformed and Protestant view of the 'image of the beast' (Revelation 13: 14 &15)?

The traditional view of previous centuries after the Reformation focused on the religious authority of the time and its political affiliations (corresponding to the first, sea, beast and the second, ...
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If Israel is the vine that prefigures Jesus, the “true” vine, isn't Israel's purpose fulfilled?

The question of which vine is being contrasted when Jesus claims to be the "true vine" (John 15) received this answer that the vine contrasted with the "true" vine is Israel; taken ...
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Why do Premillennialists teach the 1,000 year reign of Christ will take place on Earth?

Revelation 20 [1] mentions a special 1,000 year period commonly referred to as the Millennial Reign. That chapter also mentions of an angel coming down from heaven. However, the Holy City does not ...
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Why would Jesus Christ ascend, then descend again?

Millenialism, as such, postulates the return of Jesus Christ to this present earth to reign for a thousand, literal, years. The evidence for this is taken from the visionary mention in Revelation. ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, are the “overlapping generations” only the Witnesses or are they all the people of the current/last days? [duplicate]

As I understand Jehovah's Witnesses' eschatology, the "generation" Jesus referred to in Matthew 24:34 and parallels in Mark 13:30 and Luke 21:32 refers to all of the generations that saw the ...
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Does the Catholic Church believe that we become just souls after we die?

I am a Roman Catholic and I ask this question as one, but I'm also interested in understanding the answers that other christian denominations may have to my question. So, feel free to share here your ...
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Do Protestants think of Mary as the “Mother of All Peoples”?

I recently ran across a photo of a statue of Mary with her arms outstretched horizontally and the caption "Mother of All Peoples." A Google search reveals that this title is derived from a ...
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Do pre-tribulational, pre-millenial theologies reconcile with Jehovah's Witnesses

In this thesis there are many assertions made. One of them is that the teachings of Charles Taze Russell, as regarding the return of Christ being 'multi-staged', shares a common origin with the pre-...
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Destruction of 50% of the planet is not end of the world? [closed]

It is clear from the Bible that the destruction and end of the world will not be man-made. No question about that. But why do influential Christian leaders, even like John F. MacArthur, think it is ...
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Eschatology: Reformed and Roman Catholic?

I've heard that both Reformed and Roman Catholic eschatologies have Augustine as a major foundation. True?
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How do Roman Catholics explain their change in Eschatology?

Gregory I, Pope from 590-605, predicted that the end of the world was imminent in a letter he wrote to Ethelbert, a European monarch. He advised "Further, we also wish your Majesty to know, as we have ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain the dramatic changes in their eschatology?

Apologies for the length of this introduction but I felt it was important to begin with a weight of evidence. There have been a great many changes in the Jehovah's Witness understanding and prophetic ...
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Could “COVID-19” be the name of the beast? (Rev 13:18) [closed]

Greetings to the Community. I come seeking advice from those who currently have much more knowledge about theology than probably I will ever have. Yesterday morning I did this with pencil and paper: C ...
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What did Thomas Aquinas teach about the renewal of the world after judgement and what kinds of bodies will be renewed?

In Summa Theologica suppl. q. 91, where St.Thomas Aquinas speaks of the quality of this world after the Last Judgement, a. 5 arg. 2 objects that plants, animals, and mineral bodies will be renewed. In ...
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According to evangelicals, who are the Great Multitude at Rev 7:9, who come out of the great tribulation (on earth) where they are given life?

Revelation 7:4-8 describes the 144,000. Then another group is mentioned that is the subject for this question. According to evangelicals, who are the Great Multitude at Re 7:9, Rev 7:9 ...
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The great Deception

I would like to know what different denominations teach about what the great deception is exactly. One so great that even the very elect, if possible, would be deceived. For there shall arise false ...
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How can it be said that Paul taught a pre-tribulational rapture of the Church given 2 Thessalonians chapter 2?

2 Thess 2:1-3: Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him, we ask you, brothers, not to be quickly shaken in mind or alarmed, either by a spirit or a ...
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When the child shall play at the hole of the asp, will it be newly created or re-created? [closed]

The Bible tells us that the elements will melt to form the renewed earth. Since neither the physical world, nor this world's animals + plants can apprehend the Good News, but the eath is to be renewed,...
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Does Catholicism teach a physical 'New Earth' or is it only a state of mind? [duplicate]

In my Catholic catechism classes, I have always heard that a Christian's ultimate aim is to reach heaven with the Lord and that heaven is not a physical place but a state of mind. But in Revelation ...
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How do we recognize Elijah when he will come before the day of Lord?

As predicted by Jesus Matthew 17:11: He answered, "Elijah does come, and he will restore all things." and Malachi 4:5: See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and ...
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Are all the elect raptured before the Tribulation, according to Calvinists?

From this link: It seems inconsistent for God to promise believers that they will not suffer wrath and then leave them on the earth to suffer through the wrath of the tribulation. If the Bible is ...
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Who do Seventh Day Adventist think the Harlot is in Revelation chaps 17 & 19?

According to Seventh Day Adventist’s Who/what is the harlot noted in Revelation? Why do you or your source think that answer is correct?
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Are there any saints and/or mystics who had vision of hell and based on that made a judgment about have many people are in hell?

Are there any saints and/or mystics who had vision of hell and based on that made a judgment about have many people are in hell (the majority, minority, or some kind of judgment like that)?
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According to Catholicism, what particular truth will the great apostasy deny?

CCC 675 Before Christ's second coming the Church must pass through a final trial that will shake the faith of many believers. The persecution that accompanies her pilgrimage on earth will unveil the "...
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How can one identify the Anti-Christ; can he be a Bishop opposing the Papacy in relation to 1 John 2:19-20?

Will the Anti-Christ come from the Catholic Church? Perhaps since the Anti-Christ was a real person, is it possible that he is like a Cardinal or Bishop infected by the spirit of Anti-Christ? ...
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What is the Catholic understanding of Antichrist?

Is there a good explanation describing how to identify the anti-Christ? They say a lot of false prophets will rise up in the end times to preach the anti-Christ. Is there a biblical explanation or ...
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Eschatology, views and best commentaries. Best scriptures for each view [closed]

I am a Historical premillenial who sometimes believes amillenial as well. I have studied the main four views and I am settled here. But I do waiver constantly between a literal millennium where ...
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Catholic interpretation of Revelation by John?

Does the Catholic Church have the book of Revelation all fleshed out or do they teach it's sealed? I'm aware of some elements, like the woman, for example, being Mary. If everything is fleshed out, ...
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In premillennial theology, is the last judgement before the millennium?

According to the Millenium theory, such period is followed by the end of times. My question is: Before this end, is there supposed to be Last Judgement? I have read that there only exists a time of ...
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665 views

Percentage of Christians to hold pre- or post-tribulation view of rapture

What percentage of all Christians, who believe in pre-millenial Rapture of the Church hold pre-tribulation, respectively post-tribulation view? As far as I know, majority of Christians hold pre-...
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Why is Rome referred to as Babylon in Rev 17 and 18?

At the time of Daniel, Rome was not yet powerful and known, but at the time of St. John at Patmos. So why it is referred to as Babylon by many Christians.
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Augustine's importance to eschatology

I have heard recently that both Reformed and Roman Catholic eschatologies are at least somewhat derived from Augustine's views. Is this accurate?
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According to Preterism why wasn't Capernaum destroyed?

Matthew predicted the untimely demise of Capernaum because they ignored Jesus' many miracles in their midst: [Mat 11:20-24 ESV] (20) Then he began to denounce the cities where most of his mighty ...
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Did early Christians believe the world was about to end?

Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom. (Matthew 16:28, NIV) Edit: adding another verse in ...
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What is the Biblical Basis for differences in the Dispensational and Non-dispensational understanding of the 70th week in the Book of Daniel?

I've heard at least two different interpretations from Baptists of: And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the ...
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What do Jehovah's Witnesses say about Matthew 16:28?

If Jesus didn't come until 1914 why didn't those surrounding Jesus not experience death until then? [Mat 16:28 KJV] 28 Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of ...
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How can we understand the SDA interpretation of Daniel 9:26?

According to the SDA interpretation of Daniel 9 the seventy weeks terminate in AD34. Daniel 9:26 New King James Version (NKJV) 26 “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall [a]be cut off, ...
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Into what eschatological category do the teachings of the Catholic Church fit?

I don’t think I’ve heard much from Catholics on the topic. It seems that they would be removed from the dispensational-premillennialism hysteria, but haven’t heard many speak on it one way or another.

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