Questions tagged [eschatology]

the part of theology concerned with the final events in history

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An Original Source Containing the Sermon of St. Leonard of Port Maurice: The Little Number of Those Who are Saved

This rather famous homily of the eighteenth century Franciscan is rather easy to come by on the internet; for example, see https://www.saintsbooks.net/books/St.%20Leonard%20of%20Port%20Maurice%20-%...
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Can we conclude that there is food and drink in heaven because Jesus ate and drank after the resurrection?

The glorified body of Jesus who appeared to the disciples after resurrection is one of the most foundational truths of Christianity, the basis of our hope for our future resurrection of the body as ...
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8 answers
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How do believers in eternal conscious separation/torment reconcile their belief with Jesus' words at Matthew 10:39?

Matthew 10:39 Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for My sake will find it. Jesus has just warned His disciples of the hardships they will face if they choose to follow ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the notion that the wicked are resurrected in immortal bodies just like the righteous?

Those who purport the traditional doctrine of eternal conscious torment/separation, which asserts that the wicked do not physically die at the final judgment, but are instead consciously separated ...
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How do proponents of eternal conscious torment/separation reconcile their beliefs with Luke 13:3, 5?

Luke 13:1-5 There were some present at that very time who told him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. 2 And he answered them, “Do you think that these Galileans ...
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2 Thessalonians 2:4 - What is the biblical basis for thinking the Antichrist/Man of Lawlessness will set himself up in a rebuilt temple in Jerusalem?

Yesterday I was asked if 2 Thessalonians 2:4 suggests that the Antichrist will sit on God’s throne in a rebuilt temple in Jerusalem. Speaking prophetically about “the man of sin, the son of perdition”...
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Could the intentional killing of civilians in primarily Christian Ukraine be included in symbolism within the book of Revelation?

On the English Wikipedia page for Ukraine, the following demographics are presented: Since the country is 87.3% Christian, the intentional targeting of civilians constitutes the intentional targeting ...
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Is Dr Bass correct in her assessment of current religious conservative desires for Unity?

Religious historian Diana Butler Bass, PhD in Religious Studies, Duke University (and see, also, below) is quoted by Prabhash K Dutta in an article in India Today - titled 'Is there a religious angle ...
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Are we on the brink of 'Armageddon'?

My question is addressed to those who accept that Jesus Christ will return at a time of extreme crisis : and that his return will (immediately) signal the end of time ; the end of this present ...
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What did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe about Gehenna and the Second Death?

Gehenna according to Strong's Concordance geenna: Gehenna, a valley W. and South of Jer., also a symbolic name for the final place of punishment of the ungodly Original Word: γέεννα, ης, ἡ Part of ...
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How can the wicked live for eternity in hell when they are completely separated from the only source of eternal life?

There are some who believe that the "Second Death" in Revelation is not literal, but figurative of eternal separation from God in hell. Revelation 20:14 Then death and Hades were thrown ...
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When Christ refers to the end times, does the Catholic Church say that he was was referring to the destruction of the Temple, or the apocalypse?

I've read that whenever Jesus or the Apostles refer to the end times (prior to 70 AD) they are referring to the destruction of the Temple by Titus in 70 AD. But I've also read that Jesus and the ...
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How do proponents of an intermediate state interpret Matthew 7:21-23?

Matthew 7:21-23 (ESV): 21 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. 22 On that day many will say to me,...
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What is the biblical and historical basis for Full Preterism?

Not much to add to the title. What are biblical and historical arguments for Full Preterism? For those interested in the opposite view: What is the biblical and historical basis for the belief that ...
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Did anyone before Jesus go to Heaven and Will They Be Raised Up On the Last Day? (John 6)

I am deeply troubled in this matter of Soteriology and Eschatology. John 6:52-59 52 The Jews then disputed among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” 53 So Jesus said to ...
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Are there any Early Church Fathers, Doctors of the Church or Catholic Saints who believed the world would possibly end by a comet hitting the earth?

Are there any Early Church Fathers or Doctors of the Church or Catholic Saints who believed the world would possibly end by a comet hitting the earth or coming in close contact with it? The other day, ...
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What is the origin of the belief that God will not destroy the world but use the current one?

After a discussion about climate change with other believers, I noted that the Lord will destroy the Earth and create a new one - particularly in light of Isaiah 65:17-25 & 2 Peter 3:7 where it ...
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How do Catholics deal with prophecies of future perpetual animal sacrifice?

I was having a friendly discussion with a Jewish person about the Scriptures. He took issue with some of the verses in the book of Hebrews, chiefly this verse (bracketed inclusions and italics my own):...
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How do Jehovah’s Witnesses support their belief that only 144,000 persons can be in the New Covenant and go to heaven, there to rule with Christ Jesus

This is the second in a series of three questions about the beliefs of Jehovah’s Witnesses. This is the first question: How do Jehovah’s Witness support their belief that Jesus started ruling (...
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How do Jehovah’s Witness support their belief that Jesus started ruling (invisibly) from heaven in 1914? What has been happening in those 107 years?

I have been asked to write an article on what Jehovah’s Witnesses believe with regard to Jesus’ return or presence in 1914. Here are some quotes from official J.W. sources that I know about: The 2,...
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What does Trinitarian Protestantism understand by the 'filling up of the wrath of God'?

And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God. [Revelation 15:1 KJV] Some (see 'Revelation' by John ...
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According to post-2000 Young Earth Creationists / premillennialists, when do (did) we reach year 6000?

Wikipedia states that Young Earth Creationists are among premillennialists, as well as several early church fathers, who believe that human history will continue for 6,000 years and then will enjoy ...
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Quotations from the early church fathers who support the Jewish year 6000 as significant to eschatology

In Judaism, Year 6000 (2239 AD) marks the latest time for the initiation of the Messianic Age so the Year 6000 will mark the beginning of Sabbath day for God. 2 Peter 3:8 says: But do not overlook ...
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Did identifying various things as the Mark of the Beast only start in late 1900s?

The earliest example that I could easily find of something being identified as the Mark of the Beast is the barcode in the 1970s, and since then numerous other candidates have appeared. Is this ...
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Can someone clarify the eastern orthodox teaching "Temps Immobile" of Fr. Alexander Schmemann?

I've been reading about Eastern Orthodox theology and one thing that caught my attention is the unusual view of time that some Eastern Orthodox theologians have, in particular Fr. Alexander Schmemann. ...
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How do the Seventh Day Adventist interpret the father's seal in Revelation 7:3?

According to Ellen G White 's commentary on Revelation 7(Manuscript 27.1899)(7BC 970.2) she says that those who would receive the father's seal are Sabbath keepers. Revelation 7:3 NIV 3 “Do not harm ...
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For Pretrib believers, doesn't Luke 21:36 imply that Christians will go through the tribulation? If not please explain the meaning of this verse!

Luke 21:36 Be always on the watch, and pray that you may be able to escape all that is about to happen, and that you may be able to stand before the Son of Man.” Doesn't the verse mean that we should ...
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What is the biblical and historical basis for the belief that the Second Coming of Christ hasn't happened yet (as of 2021)?

Simple question: many Christians believe that the Parousia (aka the Second Coming of Christ) hasn't happened yet (as of 2021). Why? What is the biblical and historical basis? What are the strongest ...
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6 votes
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The gates of hell won't prevail against the church (Matt 16:18), but the beast is given authority to conquer the saints (Rev 13:7)

How would someone who doesn't believe in a pretribulation rapture harmonize the following two verses? "...and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against ...
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According to Full Preterists, what historical facts fulfilled the signs and wonders prophesied by Paul in 2 Thessalonians 2:9?

2 Thessalonians 2:1-12 (ESV): Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him, we ask you, brothers, 2 not to be quickly shaken in mind or alarmed, either by ...
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Did the early Church become full preterist after AD 70?

Full preterists believe that the last trumpet call took place in AD 70. A very elaborate presentation of this view can be found in Gina's answer in one of my previous questions. A quote from the ...
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What is the present position of the Catholic Church on resurrection vs "immortality of the soul"?

The Catholic Church has traditionally affirmed the unconditional "immortality of the soul", with its final destination either to the blessedness of Heaven or to the eternal torments of Hell. ...
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According to full preterists, what is the historical basis for viewing the last trumpet call as a historical fact that has already been fulfilled?

Different passages in the Bible shed light on the events that would unfold at the signal of the last trumpet call: 1 Corinthians 15:50-58 (ESV): 50 I tell you this, brothers: flesh and blood cannot ...
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According to Catholicism, did St. Paul believe that end of the world was imminent?

We read at 1 Cor 7: 29-31 (NRSVCE) : I mean, brothers and sisters, the appointed time has grown short; from now on, let even those who have wives be as though they had none, and those who mourn as ...
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Did Jesus say that he was coming back within a generation? [closed]

It seems that Jesus was admitting that he would return after the destruction of the temple in 70 A.D. That the abomination of desolation was the Roman leader Titus. 14 “But when you see the ...
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What is the Scriptural evidence for the Protestant view that the AntiChrist will be Jewish?

In Eschatology, there is a lot of speculation about the identity of the AC, and if he's active on the world stage now, [in other words, a well known leader but just not having revealed his true ...
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What is the biblical basis for Christian denominations to believe in a visible appearance of Christ Jesus when he returns?

This question is inspired by a question asked in 2013: 'Do all Christian traditions expect a second coming of Christ?' Do all Christian traditions expect a second coming of Christ? Although it is my ...
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What is the current Reformed and Protestant view of the 'image of the beast' (Revelation 13: 14 &15)?

The traditional view of previous centuries after the Reformation focused on the religious authority of the time and its political affiliations (corresponding to the first, sea, beast and the second, ...
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3 votes
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If Israel is the vine that prefigures Jesus, the "true" vine, isn't Israel's purpose fulfilled?

The question of which vine is being contrasted when Jesus claims to be the "true vine" (John 15) received this answer that the vine contrasted with the "true" vine is Israel; taken ...
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4 votes
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Why do Premillennialists teach the 1,000 year reign of Christ will take place on Earth?

Revelation 20 [1] mentions a special 1,000 year period commonly referred to as the Millennial Reign. That chapter also mentions of an angel coming down from heaven. However, the Holy City does not ...
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5 votes
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Why would Jesus Christ ascend, then descend again?

Millenialism, as such, postulates the return of Jesus Christ to this present earth to reign for a thousand, literal, years. The evidence for this is taken from the visionary mention in Revelation. ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, are the "overlapping generations" only the Witnesses or are they all the people of the current/last days? [duplicate]

As I understand Jehovah's Witnesses' eschatology, the "generation" Jesus referred to in Matthew 24:34 and parallels in Mark 13:30 and Luke 21:32 refers to all of the generations that saw the ...
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Does the Catholic Church believe that we become just souls after we die?

I am a Roman Catholic and I ask this question as one, but I'm also interested in understanding the answers that other christian denominations may have to my question. So, feel free to share here your ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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Do Protestants think of Mary as the "Mother of All Peoples"?

I recently ran across a photo of a statue of Mary with her arms outstretched horizontally and the caption "Mother of All Peoples." A Google search reveals that this title is derived from a ...
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Do pre-tribulational, pre-millenial theologies reconcile with Jehovah's Witnesses

In this thesis there are many assertions made. One of them is that the teachings of Charles Taze Russell, as regarding the return of Christ being 'multi-staged', shares a common origin with the pre-...
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Destruction of 50% of the planet is not end of the world? [closed]

It is clear from the Bible that the destruction and end of the world will not be man-made. No question about that. But why do influential Christian leaders, even like John F. MacArthur, think it is ...
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Eschatology: Reformed and Roman Catholic?

I've heard that both Reformed and Roman Catholic eschatologies have Augustine as a major foundation. True?
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How do Roman Catholics explain their change in Eschatology?

Gregory I, Pope from 590-605, predicted that the end of the world was imminent in a letter he wrote to Ethelbert, a European monarch. He advised "Further, we also wish your Majesty to know, as we have ...
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10 votes
3 answers
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain the dramatic changes in their eschatology?

Apologies for the length of this introduction but I felt it was important to begin with a weight of evidence. There have been a great many changes in the Jehovah's Witness understanding and prophetic ...
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Could "COVID-19" be the name of the beast? (Rev 13:18) [closed]

Greetings to the Community. I come seeking advice from those who currently have much more knowledge about theology than probably I will ever have. Yesterday morning I did this with pencil and paper: C ...
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