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A biblical canon is a list of books considered to be authoritative as scripture by a particular religious community.

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Contemporary English Version vs other Bible versions

Was reading about Contemporary English Version (CEVDC) Rev 12 and came across this passage that is not found in NIV or KJV: The dragon stood on the beach beside the sea. Revelation 12:18 CEVDC https:/...
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Is there an English Bible translation that includes all of these books?

Apostolic Constitutions Bk. 8. XLVII Let the following books be esteemed venerable and holy by you, both of the clergy and laity. Of the Old Covenant: the five books of Moses— Genesis, Exodus, ...
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Does the Catholic church consider Mark 16:9-20 to be biblical canon?

Many (but not all) scholars assert that Mark 16:9-20 was not present in the earliest manuscripts, and that instead it was added by later copyists. Does the Catholic Church consider these verses to be ...
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Why don't Christians believe in the Gospel Of Barnabas? [duplicate]

The Gospel Of Barnabas is one of the 2 additional Gospel discovered than present in Bible which has an clearly distinct prespective about Jesus (PBUH) and his death so why Christians do not believe in ...
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Why did Swedenborg accept any New Testament books?

Based on this question we see that Swedenborg denied most of the New Testament as being divinely inspired. Swedenborg did not reject the rest of the books of the Protestant Bible. He considered ...
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How do Calvinists explain Calvin's use of Baruch?

In his commentary of 1 Corinthians, Calvin seems to use Baruch to explain verse 20 of chapter 10, It is certain from the Prophet Baruch, (4:7,) that those things that are sacrificed to idols are ...
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From a Protestant perspective why didn't the Apostles address the problem of deutrocanonical books?

The Apostles interacted with Hellenistic Jews (Acts 17:11) who we know historicaly held deutrocanonical books as scripture, why wouldn't St. Paul or any of the other Apostles make it clear that the ...
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Do Anglicans believe the decision on the 66 book canon was infallible?

Do Anglicans believe that the decision taken on the 66 book canon was an infallible decision? (like the attitude the Catholic Church has to the definition of the Canon in the Council of Trent). If so,...
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Is there something in Sirach that caused it to be considered Apocrypha?

My limited research on the topic suggests the only reason Sirach (or Ecclesiasticus or Ben Sira, etc.) was put in the Apocrypha was because the Jewish canon excluded it. As for why the Jewish canon ...
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How does the Westminster Confession address the paradox of the Bible canon?

Chapter I, Article IV of the Westminster Confession (1647) reads: The authority of the Holy Scripture, for which it ought to be believed, and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or ...
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When the early church was formalising the canon, what did they understand by the word 'Inspired'?

When the early church was formalising the Biblical canon, what specific definition of the word 'inspired' did they have in regard to the biblical literature? I'm curious about how this relates to the ...
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Was the 66 book Bible being used by early Christians?

Referring to the most widely used Protestant canon of exactly (and only) the content of these 66 books.
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Did the mention of Simon Magnus contribute to Acts of Peter not being part of the New Testament?

The Acts of Peter is a Apocryphal book about the Apostle Peter after he moves to Rome. It seems to talk about Simon Magnus a good deal. I am interested as to whether that is one of the reasons it was ...
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Do Unitarians believe in the same number of books? Do they reject certain verses?

I'm trying to understand how Unitarians view the Bible and specifically the NT. Do Unitarians generally believe in the same # of books as Catholics/Protestants? Do they simply re-interpret verses in ...
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Do the “Anathemas” Pronounced in the Council of Trent still stand today?

My understanding, is that in response to the protestant reformation, Luther in particular, the Catholic Church convened the council of Trent, and put their official doctrines on the issues into ...
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What record is there of a canon of Scripture having been set at the First Ecumenical Council?

According to this synopsis As to Judith, he notes that the Council of Nicæa had, contrary to the Hebrew tradition, included it in the Canon of Scripture, and this, with his friends’ requests, had ...
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Why was the epistle of Clement to Corinth not considered canonical?

I'm wondering on this one. I'm reading Eusebius and he states that at least one letter from the Bishop Clement (c. 35 AD - 99 AD) to Corinth was considered worthy to be read and was circulated among ...
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Is the Book of Enoch authentic? [closed]

I grew up reading the Holy Bible which portrays God as a loving Father, full of compassion and goodwill for mankind. However, after reading the Book of Enoch, I am perplexed at the way heaven and God ...
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Why did no New Testament books mention AD70? [duplicate]

My full question is; which of the New Testament books were written after AD70? Assuming there are several, why did none of them mention the 'earth-shattering' events of AD70? The destruction of the ...
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What books are in a modern Peshitta?

I'm looking to buy a copy of the Peshitta so that I can learn Syriac, but I understand that it has gradually changed throughout history. The antilogemmon were excluded for the first 500 years or so ...
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Why are the civilly married not allowed confession in the Catholic Church?

Why are the civilly married not allowed confession in the Catholic Church? Is there any guide or law about this?
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How is it that Georgian Orthodox Church are in full communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church when they have a different biblical canon?

There is a table on this wikipedia page which indicates that the Georgian Orthodox Church accepts 2 Esdras 3–14 (4 Ezra) and 4 Maccabees as part of their biblical canon, whereas the rest of the ...
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Do Pentecostals include the Old Testament in their Bible? Or do they only follow the New Testament? [closed]

I have a church near my home, and it's called the New Testament church. So, just wondering if their Bible doesn't have the Old Testament.
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What is the basis for saying that the Gospel of Thomas was accepted as scripture by early Christians?

In an answer here, Dick Harfield writes: we know that [the Gospel of Thomas] and (probably) Q were treated as scripture by early Christians. Reading the Wikipedia article on the Gospel of Thomas, ...
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Why did the reformers include the book of Hebrews in the canon?

Related: Why was Hebrews included in the canon? It's widely known that Hebrews has been in the canon of most of Christendom for a long time, originally on the basis of Pauline authorship (see the ...
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Do any non-Swedenborgian Christian denominations have a smaller biblical canon than Protestantism?

As covered in the Wikipedia article on Biblical canon, among the major branches of Christianity Protestantism has the smallest biblical canon, due almost entirely to a smaller Old Testament canon. ...
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Why do Christians have different books in their Bible?

Some Bibles have all 4 Maccabees books, for example, while others don't. Some Bibles have Esdras and Wisdom, and yet others don't. Why is this? If there was an agreement on what books would be in the ...
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Why isn't the Book of 1 (Ethiopic) Enoch considered cannon for the LDS Church?

Recently, I have been reading apocryphal and pseudepigraphical texts, and like many before me, I am struck by the extremely specific similarities between 1 Enoch and the LDS's Book of Moses. I flipped ...
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Did any ancient source believe in more than four gospels?

I'm listening to a lecture series by Dale Martin (Professor of Religious Studies, Yale), and he makes the passing claim that during development of the New Testament canon there were some who thought ...
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Kokabiel's History Forgotten? [closed]

For those of you who don't know who Kokabiel was,kokabiel was a former advocate of God and his proponents. He was also known as "The Star of God" back when he was still an advocate of God and his ...
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Was defining the New Testament originally condemned as heresy?

This BBC documentary describes how during the first two centuries, scriptures about Jesus circulated without any author mentioned in them. It then goes on to suggest that actually writing down a New ...
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What denominations consider Apocrypha to be heretical?

Over several years I have asked several pastors and preachers of differing denominations to comment on some books considered to be Apocrypha. Most generally my question was ignored, but on a couple of ...
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What is the Orthodox canon?

What books does the Orthodox Bible contain? Additionally, when was this settled (if it is settled) and how was it decided?
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Is the Catholic canonized Bible closed?

Traditionally most Christians hold that the Biblical Canon has been closed because of the end of the Apostolic era. But if the Pope speaks from "Ex Cathedra", isn't that stating his teaching is ...
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What writings are held as “biblical canon” by Swedenborgians?

Reading an article on Emanuel Swedenborg, I came across the following fact: It should be noted, however, that Corinthians is not included in the list of books that, according to Swedenborg, ...
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What books did Calvin consider canonical?

Sometimes it seems that much is made of Calvin's collections of commentaries and sermons not including certain books that are in the Protestant canon (Ruth, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, ...
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Why is Ephesians after Galatians?

It's pretty well-known that the Pauline epistles in modern copies of the New Testament are generally ordered according to length.1 Of the epistles written to churches, Romans is longest and first, ...
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What is the evidence that the New Testament authors believed, or did not believe, that they were writing an inspired record?

The term "canon" is used to describe the collection of books that are considered by Christians to be divinely inspired, and therefore to belong in the Bible. (See: How and when was the canon of the ...
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What explanations have scholars proposed for the rejection of the Didache from the Canon?

The Didache (full text) is an early Christian document giving advice on various "practical matters" such as how to baptize, when to fast, how to celebrate the Lord's Supper, etc. It's hard to date, ...
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Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the canon, while rejecting other decisions of the Roman Church?

Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the current canon of scripture but reject many of the other decisions made by the Roman Church at the time the Bible was being canonized? Take the Council ...
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Why did the mid-early church consider the Gospel of Matthew to be reliable?

The Gospel of Matthew is now considered to be important, however the 1st century and 2nd century references to it are surprisingly confusing and sparse. Which authors in the 1st and 2nd century ...
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Why were none of the Apostolic fathers' writings included in the last canon accepted in the Ecumenical Councils?

Why is it so that none of the Apostolic fathers' writings was included in the last canon accepted during the time of the Seven Ecumenical Councils? By the "last canon" I mean the one that we have ...
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How does the LDS Church decide what is included in their scriptural canon?

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has four "Standard Works" that are considered canonical: The Bible (Old and New Testaments) The Book of Mormon The Doctrine and Covenants The Pearl of ...
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Is there a scriptural basis for treating the non-Gospel books of the New Testament as scripture?

Without citing any books of the New Testament besides the Gospels as evidence (since that would be self-referential), is there a scriptural basis (either in the Gospels or in the Old Testament) for ...
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Do any Protestant denominations organize a canon starting from a collection of books other than the Roman Catholic Church's canon?

It is my understanding that most Protestant groups recognise a 66 book canon which is entirely a subset of the Roman Catholic canon and which was developed by removing the so-called apocrypha from the ...
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Why do Pentecostals believe in a closed canon?

Pentecostals believe the gift of prophecy continues to the present day. From what I understand, most Christians believe the gift of prophecy is what enabled the writers of Scripture to write "inspired"...
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When did the idea of a scriptural “canon” originate?

This question What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is NOT closed? made me wonder: 1) When did the idea of a canon originate? I would suppose this should be quite early, and Jews ...
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What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is NOT closed?

Related: What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is closed? Most people are familiar with the warning in the Book of Revelation: "And if any man shall take away from the words of the ...
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Why do Protestants trust what Paul and Luke wrote 100%?

This has always been a big question for me. I can understand that many Christians believe there is good evidence for the resurrection of Jesus, and that gives a basis for their faith in the teaching ...
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Why are the letters and psalms and such considered God's Word if they are written by fallible men? [closed]

The Psalms was written by David and others, Proverbs, song of Solomon and several other books in the Old Testament; were written various people as well as letters in the New Testament were written by ...