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25

Technically, a couple of different terms are being confused in the question. Conditionalism is the teaching that immortality / eternal life is conditional upon a right standing with God. Annihilationism is the teaching that anyone who is ultimately unrepentant will cease to exist, usually after a period of torment that accommodates to the amount of evil ...


21

The statements ascribed to Pope Francis by that article are not true. It is a hoax. See: Don’t fall for this Pope Francis hoax: 5 things to know and share Pope Francis Declares All Religions are True : Facts (Hoax or Fact)


14

According to the doctrine of the Trinity, Jesus being the Son of God means that He is fully God made manifest in human form (John 1:14). Jesus is simultaneously both fully God and fully man. As such, Jesus' crucifixion wasn't God sending someone else to be punished, but instead God taking the punishment Himself. This, therefore, does not compromise God's ...


13

According to Peter Binsfeld, you've got the list right. He made the list in 1589; there was no support for that theory before then, and there has been very little support for that theory since. As far as I know, there is no Christian tradition which adheres to there being seven princes of Hell. More than that, at least the names "Lucifer" and "Satan" ...


13

Once one logically considers the relevant extant documents (by the genuine methodology of truly scientific textual criticism) ; once one has accurately translated these same documents ; once one has examined them hermeneutically ; once one has given attention to the context of the wording ; and once one has balanced all the information throughout all of the ...


11

Those who believe in Apokatastasis believe Revelation 20:10 is grossly misunderstood. The Greek says: καὶ ὁ διάβολος ὁ πλανῶν αὐτοὺς ἐβλήθη εἰς τὴν λίμνην τοῦ πυρὸς καὶ θείου, ὅπου καὶ τὸ θηρίον καὶ ὁ ψευδοπροφήτης, καὶ βασανισθήσονται ἡμέρας καὶ νυκτὸς εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων. And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone,...


11

There are three common landing points that most believers fall into: (personally I progressed in my own thoughts along all three and don’t think its of absolute importance as to which place a person is at). In all three positions the love of God for all humanity is usually not doubted. Its not really a big issue. Some may think that the gospel is somehow ...


10

We do not know exactly where heaven or hell is. However, in Scripture, the word "up" is commonly used in association with the location of heaven and "down" is typically associated with the location of hell, either figuratively or literally. Also, from the vantage point of heaven, earth is down. The "up" and "down" ...


10

There is no biblical support for Satan or any of his demons torturing people in Hell. Rather, the adversary, Satan is said to travel around the world (Job 1:7) and even to have access to God's presence (Job 1:6). In the gospel and Acts accounts, we find demonic figures not in Hell but on earth, dwelling in men (Matthew 12:22). Interestingly, in Matthew 12:43-...


10

Introduction I intend to show that the concept of a universal realm for all, outside Heaven, where all await the resurrection (Waiting in the Grave, WitG hereafter) is united against other beliefs such as the belief we go Straight to Heaven (StH), that we cease to exist entirely with no afterlife or others such as purgatory/limbo. While there are variations ...


10

How sound is the doctrine in Dante's Inferno? Dante’s Inferno is basically just one part of the now famous work known as The Divine Comedy. Dante Alighieri’s epic poem was written in 1321 and was written as a literary work and not a theological work. We have to keep that in mind. Dante was quite orthodox for his time place in history. As a literary work, it ...


9

In the Catechism of the Catholic Church statement on hell, we find the following: The teaching of the Church affirms the existence of hell and its eternity. Immediately after death the souls of those who die in a state of mortal sin descend into hell, where they suffer the punishments of hell, "eternal fire." The chief punishment of hell is eternal ...


9

For the larger context of the authorship and development of the creed, please see my answer to this question: Did the Apostles' Creed originate with the Apostles? Church historian Philip Schaff provides a summary of the development of the Apostles' Creed in his book, The Creeds of Christendom. A helpful table, showing the creed's gradual formation in the ...


9

This quote does come from Augustine, but its application to the doctrine of purgatory seems to be the work of Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas (who mistakenly attributes it to Gregory the Great) quotes similar language in his second article on purgatory from the appendices of the Summa, saying: On the contrary, Gregory says, "Even as in the same fire gold ...


9

I read through a Universalist's web-page and I think you meant to refer to Colossians 1:19-20 (and not 3. Corinthians 1:19-20). Assuming that to be the case, I will just deal with that one proof-text as Nigel J has dealt with all the others. Colossians 1:19-20 reads: "For God was pleased to have all his fulness dwell in [Christ], and through him to ...


8

Q. "Do Jehovah's Witnesses believe in annihilation?" A. Yes. We whole heartedly believe in what is stated under divine inspiration of God's holy spirit found at 2 Thessalonians 1:6-10 and 2 Peter 3:7... and I quote: "This takes into account that it is righteous on God’s part to repay tribulation to those who make tribulation for YOU, 7 but, to YOU who ...


8

I'm trying not to give an answer that's purely a quote from the Catechism of the Catholic Church, but the matter is discussed so well there that there isn't much I feel I can add to it: 816 "The sole Church of Christ [is that] which our Savior, after his Resurrection, entrusted to Peter’s pastoral care, commissioning him and the other apostles to extend ...


8

"Liberal Christianity" is a loosely defined and wide-ranging group, and there can be many approaches to salvation, but let me describe a commonly believed approach. While we often use the word 'salvation' as if it was synonymous with 'rescue', in the original languages it doesn't really mean that in a simple way. The word has connections with both 'healing' ...


8

1) the large majority of people go to hell See ch. 32 § "The Mystery of This Number" of Life Everlasting: A Theological Treatise on the Four Last Things: Death, Judgment, Heaven, Hell by Fr. Réginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P. For example, he writes: The number of the elect is known only by God. "The Lord knoweth who are His." [II Tim. 2:19.] … … ...


7

I'll certainly unpack this for you. Although I would not trust that internet reading alone would give anybody a comprehensive understanding of the Jewish religion (or any other religion, for that matter), you can read about Jewish conceptions of the afterlife here, for example: Olam Ha-Ba: The Afterlife . There is no single doctrine to which Jews adhere ...


7

The Catechism answers the questions (as ever!): 1035 The teaching of the Church affirms the existence of hell and its eternity. Immediately after death the souls of those who die in a state of mortal sin descend into hell, where they suffer the punishments of hell, “eternal fire.”615 The chief punishment of hell is eternal separation from God, in whom ...


7

The story of The Rich Man and Lazarus, found in Luke 16:19-31 tell us it is impossible to visit others in Hell: 'And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been set in place, so that those who want to go from here to you cannot, nor can anyone cross over from there to us.’


7

The answer is quite simple: Scripture does not specify where Hell is. There is a lot of speculation, however, about "where" Hell is, and I suspect the most common beliefs are that: Hell is not a physical place, but rather a spiritual "place" outside of the known universe. Hell may be a physical place, but is likely outside of the known universe (i.e. you ...


7

You made the classic mistake people make when they question Jesus' love: they make him a one-dimensional person. So when someone says that God is love, then asks, "then why would God ...," they are assuming that God should respond only in love -- to everything. In the case of sentencing people to hell, Jesus would be acting in the role of judge. Human ...


7

The Scripture does tell us that Jesus can be sorrowful enough to cry: When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come along with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in spirit and troubled. 34 “Where have you laid him?” he asked. “Come and see, Lord,” they replied. Jesus wept. John 11:33-35 Jesus was on his way to see Lazarus. He had ...


7

The most obvious reference I see comes from St. Catherine of Siena, one of the Doctors of the Catholic Church. St. Catherine wrote a work known as the Dialogue, representing a discussion between a soul and God. In Section 22 of the Dialogue, God says this to the soul: "[The] vision of the Devil is the third pain [of four pains suffered by those in Hell]...


7

The short answer is “not necessarily”. “Conscious” denial of the Gospel is not the same thing as denial “with full knowledge.” “Grave matter” vs. “mortal sin” In Catholic moral theology, a distinction is made between the objective gravity of an action, and a person’s subjective culpability. For example (to name an action that everyone agrees is gravely ...


7

Like most labels, Reformed theology defies clean boundaries, especially on a divisive topic like this one. But if we consider the term broadly, we will notice that the positions tend to follow those of Protestantism more generally. I'll divide the views into three main categories, each with an admittedly imperfect name: Traditionalism Universalism ...


7

G.K. Chesterton is here referring to Swedenborg's common (for him) and somewhat unusual (in general religious writing) expression "the hells." In his voluminous theological writings, Emanuel Swedenborg (1688–1772) spoke both of "hell" in the singular and of "the hells" in the plural, depending upon the context and the point he ...


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