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14 votes

Looking for an apologetic to the "Cosmic Child Abuse" objection

According to the doctrine of the Trinity, Jesus being the Son of God means that He is fully God made manifest in human form (John 1:14). Jesus is simultaneously both fully God and fully man. As such, ...
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13 votes
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How do non-universalists account for these passages talking about the salvation of all?

Once one logically considers the relevant extant documents (by the genuine methodology of truly scientific textual criticism) ; once one has accurately translated these same documents ; once one has ...
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11 votes
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How do proponents of Apokatastasis deal with the "Everlasting punishment" texts in scripture?

Those who believe in Apokatastasis believe Revelation 20:10 is grossly misunderstood. The Greek says: καὶ ὁ διάβολος ὁ πλανῶν αὐτοὺς ἐβλήθη εἰς τὴν λίμνην τοῦ πυρὸς καὶ θείου, ὅπου καὶ τὸ θηρίον καὶ ...
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10 votes
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Is Heaven up and Hell down?

We do not know exactly where heaven or hell is. However, in Scripture, the word "up" is commonly used in association with the location of heaven and "down" is typically associated ...
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10 votes
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that people do not go to heaven or hell immediately when they die?

Introduction I intend to show that the concept of a universal realm for all, outside Heaven, where all await the resurrection (Waiting in the Grave, WitG hereafter) is united against other beliefs ...
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10 votes
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How sound is the doctrine in Dante's Inferno?

How sound is the doctrine in Dante's Inferno? Dante’s Inferno is basically just one part of the now famous work known as The Divine Comedy. Dante Alighieri’s epic poem was written in 1321 and was ...
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10 votes
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According to believers in the inexorable damnation of the unreached, how is God not unfair for letting someone be born in unreachable conditions?

There are three common landing points that most believers fall into: (personally I progressed in my own thoughts along all three and don’t think its of absolute importance as to which place a person ...
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10 votes

How do non-universalists account for these passages talking about the salvation of all?

I read through a Universalist's web-page and I think you meant to refer to Colossians 1:19-20 (and not 3. Corinthians 1:19-20). Assuming that to be the case, I will just deal with that one proof-text ...
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9 votes
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Given a Catholic understanding of Hell and individual judgment, do Catholics believe that all Protestants will go to Hell?

I'm trying not to give an answer that's purely a quote from the Catechism of the Catholic Church, but the matter is discussed so well there that there isn't much I feel I can add to it: 816 "The ...
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9 votes
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When did "he descended into hell" become part of the Apostles' Creed?

For the larger context of the authorship and development of the creed, please see my answer to this question: Did the Apostles' Creed originate with the Apostles? Church historian Philip Schaff ...
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9 votes
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What is the origin of the belief that Satan tortures the unsaved in Hell?

There is no biblical support for Satan or any of his demons torturing people in Hell. Rather, the adversary, Satan is said to travel around the world (Job 1:7) and even to have access to God's ...
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9 votes
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Where did Augustine say that the same fire that tortures the damned purifies the elect?

This quote does come from Augustine, but its application to the doctrine of purgatory seems to be the work of Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas (who mistakenly attributes it to Gregory the Great) quotes ...
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8 votes

Without Hell, from what does Jesus save?

"Liberal Christianity" is a loosely defined and wide-ranging group, and there can be many approaches to salvation, but let me describe a commonly believed approach. While we often use the word '...
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8 votes

Do saints and church fathers generally make the claim that most people go to a hell of everlasting torment?

1) the large majority of people go to hell See ch. 32 § "The Mystery of This Number" of Life Everlasting: A Theological Treatise on the Four Last Things: Death, Judgment, Heaven, Hell by Fr. Réginald ...
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7 votes

How have prominent apologists answered those who claim that Jesus does not love his enemies?

You made the classic mistake people make when they question Jesus' love: they make him a one-dimensional person. So when someone says that God is love, then asks, "then why would God ...," they are ...
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7 votes

Which denominations would say that Jesus weeps for the souls in Hell?

The Scripture does tell us that Jesus can be sorrowful enough to cry: When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come along with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in spirit and troubled. ...
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7 votes
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Who said that the mere sight of devils was one of the greatest torments of hell?

The most obvious reference I see comes from St. Catherine of Siena, one of the Doctors of the Catholic Church. St. Catherine wrote a work known as the Dialogue, representing a discussion between a ...
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7 votes
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According to the Catholicism, is a conscious denial of the gospel of Christ a mortal sin?

The short answer is “not necessarily”. “Conscious” denial of the Gospel is not the same thing as denial “with full knowledge.” “Grave matter” vs. “mortal sin” In Catholic moral theology, a distinction ...
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7 votes
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What is an overview of Reformed beliefs about hell?

Like most labels, Reformed theology defies clean boundaries, especially on a divisive topic like this one. But if we consider the term broadly, we will notice that the positions tend to follow those ...
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7 votes
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How many hells did Swedenborg say there were?

G.K. Chesterton is here referring to Swedenborg's common (for him) and somewhat unusual (in general religious writing) expression "the hells." In his voluminous theological writings, Emanuel ...
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7 votes
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Was there a non-Augustinian response to universalism in the early Church?

Two church fathers who (a) reject Origen's universal salvation and (b) are not influenced by Augustine are Basil (d. 379) and Chrysostom (d. 407). Their theological systems, however, are not nearly ...
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7 votes

Isn't it illogical for an atheist to go to hell?

The illogic is in the question itself. You say: “God gives me reason. … God doesn't exist”. Asking a question based on two mutually exclusive facts doesn't make logical sense. One can't believe both ...
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6 votes

Chronologically, when was the concept of Hell first mentioned in the Bible?

The concept of Hell was known by the Israelites as Sheol. It is mentioned by Jacob when he is told of his son Joseph's death. He states in Genesis 37:36 that "I shall go down to my son a mourner unto ...
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6 votes
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Does the Catholic Church teach that some who died before Christ are still in Limbo? Why?

In Dante's story, those who were in Limbo but taken to Heaven were the shade of our First Parent [Adam], Abel his son, and that of Noah; of Moses the Legislator, and obedient Abraham the Patriarch;...
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6 votes

What is the origin of the belief that Satan tortures the unsaved in Hell?

There are two pieces of the puzzle here: First Hell, and Second, Satan. The question is when were these two pieces first merged together. Technically speaking, the Bible never explicitly links these ...
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6 votes

According to Reformed Theology do non-trinitarians go to hell?

Reformed theology has indeed, generally speaking, affirmed that those who reject the doctrine of the Trinity are not saved and therefore go to hell.1 Birdie's answer to this question mentions the ...
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6 votes

According to Catholicism, how should Christians react when an unbeliever dies?

According the Catechism of the Catholic Church Since Christ died for all, and since all men are in fact called to one and the same destiny, which is divine, we must hold that the Holy Spirit ...
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6 votes
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Concept and permanence of hell and the "outer darkness" according to LDS beliefs

Is the hell that is a spirit prison in the lds.org answer, or the place were people learn the truth about God, the same as the hell that is a permanent place for Satan and the sons of perdition? No, ...
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