20

The word "generation" there in Greek is γενεα (genea), which can also refer to a family, stock, nation. (Strongs, definition 2b) The NASB also has a footnote here next to "generation" saying "Or race". I've always interpreted it, therefore, as meaning that the Jewish people will continue to exist until the second coming. Another form of the same word, ...


15

What does the reference mean? The Witnesses use a rather odd and somewhat cryptic set of abbreviations for their publications. g94 11/8 10 is Awake! magazine, 8th of November, 1994, p. 10. jv 134 is Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom (pub. 1993), p. 134. Many books also have another, less cryptic abbreviation. For example, jv is often simply ...


11

There are a number of points amillennialists disagree on: the nature of the millennium, who takes part in the 'first resurrection', what the 'first resurrection is, etc. But the main point of disagreement is when the thousand years of Revelation 20 begin: 1. Millennium begins at the cross (c. 30 AD) Perhaps the more well-known variation of amillennialism ...


11

Those who believe in Apokatastasis believe Revelation 20:10 is grossly misunderstood. The Greek says: καὶ ὁ διάβολος ὁ πλανῶν αὐτοὺς ἐβλήθη εἰς τὴν λίμνην τοῦ πυρὸς καὶ θείου, ὅπου καὶ τὸ θηρίον καὶ ὁ ψευδοπροφήτης, καὶ βασανισθήσονται ἡμέρας καὶ νυκτὸς εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων. And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone,...


11

I apologize that this answer is missing sufficient links to scripture or church leaders. It's late and I'm out of time. However, nearly all of these subjects have been treated in detail here on Christianity.SE. If anyone happens to know of an appropriate answer that can be linked to the statements below, please do. Thanks! The inspiration of scripture (...


10

Jesus' most clear statements on the end times are in Matthew 24. You can see for yourself what He said. I don't see anything about "blood moons" here, but this passage is far from the only passage in Scripture that addresses the end times. A full answer addressing eschatology would be far* too large to this site. Many books have been written on the ...


10

Thanks to books like Left Behind, the English word rapture often conjures up images of bodies mysteriously disappearing into thin air, followed by several years of severe tribulation, leading up to the final judgment and resurrection. Such a view is a product of dispensationalism, a relatively new theological framework, and not one that the church fathers ...


9

John Darby (1800-1882), often considered the father of dispensationalism and one of the founders of the Plymouth Brethren, tends to be given credit for inventing the doctrine, or at least for having "provided the intellectual mantle that helped make it respectable." (1 2 3 4). Anti-pre-trib sources often allege that he got it from a certain Margaret ...


9

This is a difficult question to answer, because the early church did not approach the question in the same way that many people do today. The earliest fathers expressed their belief in various eschatological views, like the immortality of souls, the return of Christ, the resurrection of God's people, and a general judgment, but they did not develop ...


9

Several commentators before Jerome make this connection. We'll mention three,1 starting with Cyril of Jerusalem (313–386), who indicates that he is not the originator of this interpretation: The fourth beast shall be a fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall surpass all kingdoms. And that this kingdom is that of the Romans, has been the tradition of the ...


9

Here are a few references to Jesus return: Heb 9:28, “Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.” It will be glorious, visible and unmissable because of great events in the heavens and earth (Matt 24:27, 29-31, 16:27). The Second coming ...


9

The Catholic Church has a nuanced approach to Biblical inerrancy. A dogmatic constitution of the Second Vatican Council states inerrancy applies only to that truth which God wanted put into sacred writings for the sake of salvation [and that] the interpreter of Sacred Scripture, in order to see clearly what God wanted to communicate to us, should carefully ...


8

This idea primarily comes from the teachings of Ellen G. White, whom the Seventh-day Adventists consider a modern-day prophet. Early Writings, p 65: The pope has changed the day of rest from the seventh to the first day. He has thought to change the very commandment that was given to cause man to remember his Creator. He has thought to change the greatest ...


8

In their publication Reasoning from the Scriptures they address this question. They don't claim to be inspired prophets but faithful students of the scriptures who in their constant efforts to keep on the watch have made errors in regard to their expectations on end times bible prophecy. Below is the pertinent quote from that book: Have not Jehovah’s ...


8

There are three principal interpretations of this passage among Protestants and Catholics. "All Israel" might refer to: A future large-scale conversion of Jewish people to Christianity All the Jewish people elected by God All the people of God, both Gentiles and Jews The first of these views is easily the most popular, and is widely held by ...


8

Dispensationalism tends to be most prevalent in baptist, charismatic, and non-denominational churches. However, the largest baptist and charismatic denominations (like the Southern Baptist Convention and the Assemblies of God) do not take a firm stance on a pre-tribulation, pre-millennial rapture. Still, there are sizable denominations and associations of ...


8

Yes according to the Catholic Church the bodies of the saints and martyrs in heaven rise again on judgment day. St Thomas Aquinas states in his Summa Theologica: The saints in heaven, since they are blessed, have no lack of bliss, save that of the body's glory, and for this they pray. But they pray for us who lack the ultimate perfection of bliss: and ...


8

Essentially, the passage is simply seen as an euphemism for death — and quite a common one, given that a dead person often looks like they are sleeping: the Greek personification of sleep, Hypnos, was said to the twin brother of Death (Thanatos) by both Homer in the Illiad and Hesiod in the Theogony. The other common metaphor for death is "departing" or "...


8

I'm not sure where the idea that sacrifices go on forever comes from when reading Isaiah 60:7. Jeremiah 22:18 could be answered in this way: Jesus abolished the levitical priesthood by offering himself as the ultimate priestly atonement for sins. Since his atonement can be accepted at any time and any place, it is a continual sacrifice. In conclusion, Jesus ...


7

Like most labels, Reformed theology defies clean boundaries, especially on a divisive topic like this one. But if we consider the term broadly, we will notice that the positions tend to follow those of Protestantism more generally. I'll divide the views into three main categories, each with an admittedly imperfect name: Traditionalism Universalism ...


7

The Second Coming of Christ won't be hidden. The whole world will see it. 24 For the Son of Man in his day will be like the lightning, which flashes and lights up the sky from one end to the other. (Luke 17:24) The coming of Christ is associated symbolically with a trumpet call: 30 “Then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. And then all the ...


6

Two important things will happen to us at the last judgment that were not already done at our particular judgment. First, although our souls will already have gone to heaven (possibly via purgatory) or to hell, at the last judgment our bodies will be reunited with our souls, to join in their joy or suffering. Second, the last judgment will be public, seen ...


6

The rapture, properly understood, is fully compatible with Roman Catholicism. The English word rapture comes from the Latin word raptus ("a carrying off"). This Latin word (or a similar one, rapio) is employed in the writings of Augustine and Thomas Aquinas, and it appears in the Bible, which indicates that the word rapture is perfectly ...


6

There are two seemingly conflicting descriptions of the end times for Israel, that many resolve by figuring there will be a peace treaty. Since the tribulation is 7 years, they assume that to be the duration. To wit, the references in question are: Per Matthew 24:6, it will be a time of war You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that ...


6

See the verse in sequence with the previous verses to place it in its plainest context: In verses 29-31, Jesus is talking about the tribulation of those days, the stars falling, His return, and the angels. This is to answer the portion of disciple's question in Matt. 24:3, "What will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?" In verses 29-31, ...


6

The strong implication of Matthew 22:30* - For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels of God in heaven. - NKJV Is that no they won't. *Given the overall context of what scripture says elsewhere about sex and marriage.


6

The primary distinction which you will find among protestants regarding this matter will arise from the division between those adhering to Covenant Theology and those adhering to Dispensationalism. Under Covenant Theology, the members of the modern-day church are viewed as the true children of Israel. The promises made to Abraham regarding his descendants, ...


6

The original question asked: What did the early church actually believe about what we call the "rapture"? There are two prominent meanings of the word "rapture". The most common meaning today is the one used by Dispensational theology, in which the rapture refers to the belief that either before, or simultaneously with, the Second Coming of Jesus ...


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