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Background Obviously, this topic suffers from dogmatists on both sides. Universalists are desperate to overstate their case, and traditionalists are desperate to prove the early church didn't have any (except a negligible few) universalists. Spoiler alert--they are both misguided. The truth is that this subject is extremely confusing, which makes ...


10

Those who believe in Apokatastasis believe Revelation 20:10 is grossly misunderstood. The Greek says: καὶ ὁ διάβολος ὁ πλανῶν αὐτοὺς ἐβλήθη εἰς τὴν λίμνην τοῦ πυρὸς καὶ θείου, ὅπου καὶ τὸ θηρίον καὶ ὁ ψευδοπροφήτης, καὶ βασανισθήσονται ἡμέρας καὶ νυκτὸς εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων. And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone,...


7

Two church fathers who (a) reject Origen's universal salvation and (b) are not influenced by Augustine are Basil (d. 379) and Chrysostom (d. 407). Their theological systems, however, are not nearly as well-developed as that of Augustine with respect to the interaction of divine and human will. More speculatively, Pelagius (d. 420?) may also have assumed ...


7

At least three early adherents of apocatastasis refer to this passage. But not all their references to it are necessarily defenses of that particular doctrine. For example, Origen uses it to argue for the general love of God for his creation: We both read and know that God loves all existing things, and loathes nothing which He has made, for He would ...


6

I identify as an evangelical universalist. I don't know if you'll find this worthwhile, but here's my take. It sounds an awful lot like a figure of speech to me. If it is, it's best not to draw too many conclusions based on it. (Bart Ehrman left the faith because the mustard seed isn't really the smallest of all seeds.) In support of the figure of speech ...


5

Jude 1:8-10 says: Yet in like manner these people also, relying on their dreams, defile the flesh, reject authority, and blaspheme the glorious ones. But when the archangel Michael, contending with the devil, was disputing about the body of Moses, he did not presume to pronounce a blasphemous judgment, but said, “The Lord rebuke you.” But these people ...


5

To address your questions in order. Does the Catholic church officially recognize baptizing ones children as a good work that qualifies you for salvation? Not by itself. Heck, as a parent, the Church more or less expects if of you. If you don't have your children baptized, you're doing it wrong. That's a very terse summary of the Church's position. ...


5

When we put several passages together to get a fuller picture, we can see in what sense "overlook" is being used. Consider the following two verses, which are similar in scope (from the NET translation): Rom. 3:25 God publicly displayed him at his death as the mercy seat accessible through faith. This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God ...


4

Universal reconciliation is the phrase that describes what is clearly stated in Colossians 1:20. "and through Him to reconcile all to Him (making peace through the blood of His cross), through Him, whether those on the earth or those in the heavens" (Colossians 1:20) It has nothing to do with an "immortal soul," as you say, because souls die (Ezekiel 18:4,...


3

In the past, various saints, apparitions and other authoritative sources have stated that many people are in hell or go to hell. For example, the Marian apparitions in Fatima stated that "many souls perish in hell" and included a graphic vision of hell. In many cases, these sources have listed specific categories of people that will go to hell. The current ...


3

Ave Maria! A distinction needs to be made regarding Our Lord Jesus Christ's 'universal salvation' (if this is the correct wording) and Universalism. Saint John Paul II made a number of comments about salvation (shown below) - and it is true Our Lord has given His life so that he may save each and every soul. But each and every soul is required to ...


3

I will first concisely explain the traditional Arminian and Calvinist views, directly addressing (in bold type) the OP's question in the section on Calvinism. I will then introduce one helpful and popular way of comparing the distinctions between traditional Arminian, Calvinist, and Universalist views. At last, I will provide two example alternate views, ...


3

I also identify as an evangelical universalist and would echo Tim's answer here regarding the context of stillbirth. I thought I'd also add an excerpt from George Macdonald (19th-century Scottish author, poet, Christian minister; spiritual mentor of C.S. Lewis) related to this question, as he is a figure many/most evangelical universalists resonate with. ...


3

I will answer the question from the viewpoint of Roman Catholic doctrine. Before Christ's death, the state or "place" of the souls of all dead people (Hebrew sheol, Greek hades and Latin inferus [1]) was divided into several "compartments". Gehenna or hell (latin infernus [1]), inhabited by the souls of the damned, where they are tormented by fire (Mt 5:22,...


2

If anyone in the biblical canon should be called a Universalist, it is most certainly Paul. This is understandable, since nobody at this time had ever heard of such a thing as an "eternal hell". Paul was very mystical, mixing the Hebrew Scriptures with Greek philosophy to explain his own idea of how this was to come about. The oldest reference to 1 ...


2

Origen does seem to have included demons in his concept of apocatastasis, but this specific teaching as well as the doctrine of apocatastasis in general - the teaching that everyone will be saved in the end - was roundly condemned by the local Council of Constantinople in 453. The acts of this Council were later accepted by the whole Church at the 5th ...


2

pteranodon, Your question is vast. It covers at least two doctrines in the bible—Conversion and Justification, each of which deserves much time in explaining. But, if you are willing, I'd like to tackle your query. Defining Decision Theology Divine Monergists (Lutherans & Calvinists) use the term "decision theology" to describe a particularly ...


2

I found an article on the Internet that discusses this subject in some detail. I believe it is a Catholic web-site. Here are a few partial quotes: The doctrine of universal salvation (also known as Apokatastasis or Apocatastasis ) has usually been considered through the centuries to be heterodox but has become orthodox. It was maintained by the Second ...


2

The views expressed below are not my own, but your question merits an answer that I hope represents annihilationism as an annihilationist might. I will seek to demonstrate you are correct in believing some annihilationists resort to alternate translations about hell which present difficulties for the traditional understanding of verses about heaven. ...


2

How does Calvinism explain how an omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent creator could NOT have a plan for universal salvation? ... it seems illogical that a loving creator with perfect and complete knowledge could be considered incapable or unmotivated to ensure the eventual salvation of all His created earthly beings. Understanding God's ...


2

According to Augustine: It is quite in vain, then, that some--indeed very many--yield to merely human feelings and deplore the notion of the eternal punishment of the damned and their interminable and perpetual misery. They do not believe that such things will be. Not that they would go counter to divine Scripture--but, yielding to their own human ...


2

The only document assigned to Pelagius that I could find is his letter to Demetrias, a fourteen year old girl of wealthy family who shunned riches and made enquiries regarding her own religious desires. The letter is presented online but the two presentations I have found (herein linked) are very different and there is some question about the accuracy of ...


1

When something is unclear in one verse refer to others and frequently the collective view this gives you makes the correct understanding clear. Revelation talks about the 2nd death. If one is permanently tortured through eternity there would be no second death. Only annihilation in fire can support this reading. Death itself is cast into the fire last. This ...


1

Doctrinal Universalism Barron professes the heresy of doctrinal universalism, The theory that hell is essentially a kind of purgatory in which sins are expiated, so that eventually everyone will be saved. Also called apokatastasis [ἀποκατάστασις], it was condemned by the church in A.D. 543, against the Origenists, who claimed that the punishment of devils ...


1

Universalism rejects the natural theology of liberalism, wishing to be distanced from much of the modernist religious spirit of the age (a century ago), to recover what it would call Christianity’s true essence. However, this ‘Neo-Orthodoxy’ was at odds with much traditional Protestant orthodoxy and the emerging liberal Protestantism. It would, for example, ...


1

There are two things that most universalists generally agree with- they deny that “hell” lasts forever, and they deny that we have a free will. The sovereignty of God- mixed with his desire that all of mankind will know him- means mankind has no other choice but to eventually know him. So by all means, anybody could live in disobedience if their will should ...


1

IF I understand your question correctly, this form of Universalism is known as Apocatastasis. Apocatastasis refers to the restoration of all things to their original state, which includes the notion of universal reconciliation (even going so far as to insist that Satan himself will eventually be reconciled to God). With regard to the doctrine of ...


1

While not a universalist, I can posit that a universalist inerrantist would principally invoke the classification of hyperbole, and say that for someone to abandon such apostolic potential to enter the messianic community was for the individual ever so tragic. Logically to never have been born, at least if it meant to never have been conceived, could never ...


1

Here are 12 texts that absolutely prove Universal Reconciliation: Philippians 2:9-11 Every Knee will Bow and Every Tongue Confess that Jesus is Lord Colossians 1:20 Proves God will Reconcile All of His Creation Romans 6:23 The Wages of Sin is Death – Not Eternal Torment and Not Annihilation (This coupled with the other verses show death is not final) I ...


1

Origen c.250 was the first systematic theologian. In addition to his exegetical commentaries, he offered some opinions about salvation in his book De Principiis (Book I) Here is an extract. Ch. and verse divisions in the text are a modern innovation, and Origen's quotes are without them. This from Chapter 6. (2) "From all which I am of opinion, so far ...


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