11

I would guess that the reference to the synagogue of Satan is not to some local synagogue of Satanists that were pretending to be Jews, but instead to all those everywhere who claimed to be Jews but were not really, spiritually, Jews. Consider Jesus' words in John 8: They answered him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham's ...


11

This connection was made by fathers as early as Irenaeus (d. 202). Here's a table showing the views of several fathers whose writings we have on this subject: Lion Ox Man Eagle Irenaeus (d. 202) John Luke Matthew Mark Victorinus (d. 303) Mark Luke Matthew John Jerome (d. ...


9

Revelation 22:19 (NIV) And if anyone takes words away from this scroll of prophecy, God will take away from that person any share in the tree of life and in the Holy City, which are described in this scroll. "THIS SCROLL" Literally, "this scroll" refers to the scroll which Apostle John was writing. John was a prisoner in Patmos Island and on the ...


9

I have, a small handful of times, perceived in my mind what presented as vocalized words from God. Whether this came in through my ears I cannot say. Prior to God saving me through Jesus Christ there were other things that I similarly "heard" but I would not assign all of these the same source. Rather than a point of pride I consider it a ...


8

Isaiah 66:7 foretells the painless virgin birth: "she brought forth; Before her pain came, she gave birth to a boy"; So painless birth is scriptural and that is how the Catholic Church interprets it. And All the Church Fathers before AD 600 believed that Mary’s delivery was painlesssrc. But what about the pain of the women in Revelation? It can be ...


8

This is a powerful assertion of Deity by Jesus. You are correct that it is, in fact, Jesus Himself who is speaking here and not the Father. That is made clear in this passage, as Jesus was the One who "was dead" and is now "alive forevermore". 17 When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be ...


8

Revelation 2:6 and 2:15 refer to an unidentified group of people called the Nicolaitanes, commending the church at Ephesus for hating the "deeds" of the Nicolaitanes, and blaming the church of Pergamos for having them who hold their "doctrines". John of Patmos opposed them for their doctrines, not just their deeds, however the church at Pergamos had been ...


7

Actually the answer is very simple. The confusion lays in the meaning of the word "revelation". It can be taken as "disclosure of earlier not known truths" which was to John for sure BUT it can by understood as "portion of facts and doctrines" which God the Father decided to reveal to humanity and passed it on through Jesus to John. In that sense it was NOT ...


7

The Greek spells out each word: ἑξακόσιοι (six hundred) ἑξήκοντα (sixty) ἕξ (six). At the time the NT was written, place holders were unknown. It was simply not possible to write ἕξ ἕξ ἕξ (or to use the single letters for six which would be three stigmas) and it be understood as six hundred sixty-six. To write out 666 using the letter equivalents would ...


7

Although you specifically ask about the designation ‘First and Last’, there is a clear biblical link to that and the oft-concurrent designation ‘Alpha and Omega’, which is abundantly clear in the book of Revelation, and in JW literature. See https://www.jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/alpha-omega/ Who or What Is “the Alpha and the Omega”? “The Alpha ...


7

There is no throne 'room' in scripture. There is the concept of a throne given to us for our understanding. Since God created all things, heavens (plural) and earth, he cannot be 'part' of that universal creation. God is Spirit. Being Spirit, he is not 'located' anywhere (in three dimensions). God is Spirit and they that worship him, must worship him in ...


6

As with any part of Revelation there are primarily four main theories. Coincidentally most of them take the 1/3 literally regardless of the view as represented a significant judgment but minority (only 1/3) implicated result on the things in this world that otherwise sustain life. Here are the main views very briefly and overly simplified as pertaining one ...


6

From the King James: Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six. Six hundred is obvious.. Threescore - A "Score" is twenty, so that's sixty And sis So, the correct answer, according to that version, is your first: 600+60+6 (six ...


6

The saying "I am the Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End" can be, and has been, interpreted in the following four ways at least: (1) As an idiom meaning eternal. Thus Albert Barnes interprets it in Barnes' Notes. Adam Clarke follows the same interpretation in his commentary on Revelation 1:8 where he says: I am Alpha and Omega - I am from eternity ...


6

This is more of an English question than a Christianity question, but the basic principles are: Capitalize Satan, Lucifer, Devil, Evil One, Father of Lies, etc., when used as a name or title of a specific being. Do not capitalize when used in a general sense, or when using it as an expletive. It may be helpful to consider the example of the word "mother" ...


6

BibleGateway.com has about fifty English translations of this verse, and they all include hand. This includes older translations like the KJV, RSV, and The Living Bible (1971). Of course, Bible Gateway is not exhaustive, so it's possible that you had a children's Bible using a different translation or paraphrase. That said, it's clear that the inclusion ...


6

Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that from the time of his rebellion until 1914 Satan was able to move about in the spiritual realm where Jehovah,Jesus and the faithful angelic host dwell, and in the realms of the earth. After being cast out of the heavens Satan and his demon hordes can never again come into Jehovah’s presence. In an article that discusses what ...


6

Yup, Luther is Spot On Technically, Luther's A und O (= English "A and O") is quite correct or as directly literal of a translation as one could get rendering the text into German (or English) without spelling out the two letters in view. There are different Ancient Greek manuscripts and editions of the Apokalypsis Ioannou, "Apocalypse of John" (or the ...


6

The early testimony of Irenaeus Irenaeus of Lyons explicitly tells us that John was still living at the time of Emperor Trajan's accession (AD 98): [T]he Church in Ephesus, founded by Paul, and having John remaining among them permanently until the times of Trajan, is a true witness of the tradition of the apostles. (Against Heresies 3.3.4) And he [John] ...


6

The entire New Testament is a precedent for the further revelation of fundamental truths about Deity. Some few Jews believed what Jesus said about Himself, and such explanations and expositions of Moses and all the prophets as He gave to disciples on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24:27), but more of them adhered to the traditions of the elders, particularly the ...


5

Hebrews 8:4-5 (NIV) If he were on earth, he would not be a priest, for there are already priests who offer the gifts prescribed by the law. They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tabernacle: “See to it that you make everything according to the pattern ...


5

It's actually a pretty simple explanation within ontological Trinitarianism, understanding two basic facts about Trinitarianism: "God" undifferentiated in scripture typically refers to the Father, as the head of the Trinity. The person of the Father is the hypostasis associated with the origination of the divine will. Jesus, as the divine Logos and Son ...


5

Trinitarians deal with this text in two ways: The source of the revelation is God the Father, and Jesus is the mediator of that revelation to man. Some particularly emphasize the human nature of Jesus in this respect. That the "him" actually refers to John, the author of the book, not Jesus Jesus as Mediator The vast majority of trinitarians who ...


5

Yes, if you consider dissident groups of JW tradition. In my research I have found at least 3 groups that share this belief to a greater or lesser degree. These are: As Testemunhas dos Deuses Santos - Holy Gods Witnesses The Herald of Christ's Kingdom (Bible Students) The Dawn Bible Students Association There are many other JW dissident groups but I ...


5

This is the LCMS answer to questions concerning the Rapture: The short answer is: On the Last Day. When is the Last Day? We don't know. The last day will come "like a thief in the night," bringing destruction to unbelievers but salvation to believers (1 Thess. 5:1 - 10). Q: Does The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod believe in the rapture? A: The ...


5

Just to add an answer to Cecil's, which is solid, but to elaborate more closely on the ideal of a personal antichrist. Anti in the context of Christ refers to not only being opposite or opposed to, but also "in place of." Since, from Revelation, we see that this antichrist is given power and authority by the dragon (universally recognized as Satan), the ...


5

The Alpha is the first letter of the Alpha-bet. The Omega is the last letter thereof. Jesus is simply saying, as he is three verses latter - "I am at the beginning, I am at the end." From a human perspective, the best we can do is understand that Jesus is eternal. (By the way, John 1:2 is a better support for that.) For highly concrete original hearers, ...


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