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The internal evidence of the authorship is found in four passages in the Book of Revelation. It is in these four passages that the author refers to himself as "John". Rev 1:1 This is the revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants the things that must happen soon. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, Rev 1:...


12

Witness doctrine: God's original plan was for humans to live forever in paradise conditions on Earth. But Then Adam and Eve rebelled and threw a spanner in the works. God's purpose (ultimate goal) didn't change, but his plan (the way to get there) did. Now there had to be all that complicated business with sending his son down to Earth to die as a redeemer ...


11

This connection was made by fathers as early as Irenaeus (d. 202). Here's a table showing the views of several fathers whose writings we have on this subject: Lion Ox Man Eagle Irenaeus (d. 202) John Luke Matthew Mark Victorinus (d. 303) Mark Luke Matthew John Jerome (d. ...


10

Here's Revelation 7:4 from the New World Translation of the Bible And I heard the number of those who were sealed, a hundred and forty‐four thousand, sealed out of every tribe of the sons of Israel: In the article "Great Crowd" in the Watchtower Biblical/theological encyclopaedia Insight on the Scriptures, we find: The apostle [Paul] wrote: “He ...


10

In a word, No: there is no Catholic teaching which differentiates the Body of Christ and the Bride of Christ. The Catechism of the Catholic Church holds that the Church is the Body of Christ and the Bride of Christ. Adam prefigures Jesus, the "second Adam". Just as Adam was perfect and became sinful, so Christ took on sin and conquered the death ...


10

I would guess that the reference to the synagogue of Satan is not to some local synagogue of Satanists that were pretending to be Jews, but instead to all those everywhere who claimed to be Jews but were not really, spiritually, Jews. Consider Jesus' words in John 8: They answered him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham's ...


9

I think the misunderstanding here is that the wicked are resurrected and then killed. I'm not sure there's a Biblical backing for the idea that those who rejected Christ will again be separated from their bodies. Their souls will be in bodies when they are cast into the lake of fire. Therefore, the punishment is eternal, physical, punishment in the ...


9

On one hand, they refer to the same entity, the church. On the other hand, when the Bible uses these terms, it refers to different aspects of the church. In brief, the Body and the Bride both refer to the church. However, the Body emphasizes how the church fully expresses Christ as the church, and the Bride emphasizes how the church is Christ's intimate, ...


9

Revelation 22:19 (NIV) And if anyone takes words away from this scroll of prophecy, God will take away from that person any share in the tree of life and in the Holy City, which are described in this scroll. "THIS SCROLL" Literally, "this scroll" refers to the scroll which Apostle John was writing. John was a prisoner in Patmos Island and on the ...


8

The basis of this identification comes from Revelation 17:9-10. This calls for a mind with wisdom: the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman is seated; they are also seven kings, five of whom have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and when he does come he must remain only a little while. The "seven mountains on which the woman is ...


8

Doubting Thomas said it well in his comment: "Jesus was just elaborating on God's Commandments from the OT; revealing their true meaning.". In that spirit, here's my elaboration. In Matthew 5:21-48, there are six it has been said statements: Do not murder Do not commit adultery Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce Do not ...


8

Isaiah 66:7 foretells the painless virgin birth: "she brought forth; Before her pain came, she gave birth to a boy"; So painless birth is scriptural and that is how the Catholic Church interprets it. And All the Church Fathers before AD 600 believed that Mary’s delivery was painlesssrc. But what about the pain of the women in Revelation? It can be ...


8

This is a powerful assertion of Deity by Jesus. You are correct that it is, in fact, Jesus Himself who is speaking here and not the Father. That is made clear in this passage, as Jesus was the One who "was dead" and is now "alive forevermore". 17 When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be ...


8

Revelation 2:6 and 2:15 refer to an unidentified group of people called the Nicolaitanes, commending the church at Ephesus for hating the "deeds" of the Nicolaitanes, and blaming the church of Pergamos for having them who hold their "doctrines". John of Patmos opposed them for their doctrines, not just their deeds, however the church at Pergamos had been ...


7

No, you've confused the issue because you aren't familiar with the vocabulary involved. The "new heaven and new earth" referenced here IS the "heaven" of generic terminology. Pop-culture Christianity likes to think of this as some separate place where everybody is floating on clouds, but this imagery is not the picture painted by Scripture. The language of ...


7

In the Seventh Day Adventist Church*, there is no shortage of making connections to real historical events and the seals and other events in Revelation. Particular to your question, the SDA church has made connections to real earthquakes (and other "cosmic events") and a few of the seals. With that, we can infer "how big" the earthquake should be, or rather, ...


7

Actually the answer is very simple. The confusion lays in the meaning of the word "revelation". It can be taken as "disclosure of earlier not known truths" which was to John for sure BUT it can by understood as "portion of facts and doctrines" which God the Father decided to reveal to humanity and passed it on through Jesus to John. In that sense it was NOT ...


7

The Greek spells out each word: ἑξακόσιοι (six hundred) ἑξήκοντα (sixty) ἕξ (six). At the time the NT was written, place holders were unknown. It was simply not possible to write ἕξ ἕξ ἕξ (or to use the single letters for six which would be three stigmas) and it be understood as six hundred sixty-six. To write out 666 using the letter equivalents would ...


6

In layman's terms, fornication is often used as an allegory for idolatry. In the same way people are unfaithful to spouses by fornicating in the usual sense of the word, idolatry is "cheating on" God. More at http://www.thewholetruthnow.com/2PORNEIA.htm and http://www.sabbathcovenant.com/doctrine/fornication_defined.htm From the second link above: In ...


6

The ‘lake of fire’ is a final progression of the theological development of God’s judgment. The ‘lake of fire’ is a final ‘hell’ which is a New Testament description of the more generic realm of the dead previously called ‘Hades or Sheol’, in the Old Testament. The Greek Old Testament uses Hades ( ᾅδης ) for the Hebrew name Sheol ( שְׁאוֹל). To fully ...


6

In general, hot and cold are understood as being either strongly for God (on fire, passionate), strongly against God (cold to the things of God) and lukewarm as apathetic ( listless, having passion for neither side). Example: Clarke's Commentary on the Bible Thou art neither cold nor hot - Ye are neither heathens nor Christians - neither good nor ...


6

Laodicean meaning: lukewarm or indifferent in religion or politics Laodicea was a wealthy city having a lukewarm water supply. There can two possible meanings for the word "Lukewarm" in this verse. Apathetic: The people in the Church of Laodicea were losing their enthusiasm for Jesus Christ and his ministries. They were satisfied with the spiritual ...


6

I really like this question because it is reasonable to ask and it phrased in a way that indicates it is a real question. First of all, the categories you listed are not applicable for Rev Chapters 1-3 and Rev 20-22. They are the categories that apply to Rev 4-20. Secondly, Chapter 20 is split along these categories, which also do not really apply but may ...


6

As with any part of Revelation there are primarily four main theories. Coincidentally most of them take the 1/3 literally regardless of the view as represented a significant judgment but minority (only 1/3) implicated result on the things in this world that otherwise sustain life. Here are the main views very briefly and overly simplified as pertaining one ...


6

From the King James: Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six. Six hundred is obvious.. Threescore - A "Score" is twenty, so that's sixty And sis So, the correct answer, according to that version, is your first: 600+60+6 (six ...


6

The saying "I am the Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End" can be, and has been, interpreted in the following four ways at least: (1) As an idiom meaning eternal. Thus Albert Barnes interprets it in Barnes' Notes. Adam Clarke follows the same interpretation in his commentary on Revelation 1:8 where he says: I am Alpha and Omega - I am from eternity ...


6

This is more of an English question than a Christianity question, but the basic principles are: Capitalize Satan, Lucifer, Devil, Evil One, Father of Lies, etc., when used as a name or title of a specific being. Do not capitalize when used in a general sense, or when using it as an expletive. It may be helpful to consider the example of the word "mother" ...


6

BibleGateway.com has about fifty English translations of this verse, and they all include hand. This includes older translations like the KJV, RSV, and The Living Bible (1971). Of course, Bible Gateway is not exhaustive, so it's possible that you had a children's Bible using a different translation or paraphrase. That said, it's clear that the inclusion ...


6

Even before the United Nations existed, Jehovah's Witnesses have held the position that the United Nations is going to destroy false religion. The belief originates from back when its predecessor, the League of Nations, was formed in 1920. Christian clergymen at that time were heralding the League of Nations as the organization that would bring about the ...


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