I see many of the other answers here seem a little out of focus. The OP is asking for some Roman Catholic points of view, and while the history lessons are pretty neat, I would rather provide an answer to the OP.
Do Catholics believe that everyone should convert to Christianity for their own salvation?
Yes. Catholics believe that it is better for people to ...
Effects of Christ's passion
Because of Christ's passion, we are, according to St. Thomas Aquinas (Summa Theologica III q. 49),
freed from sin,
delivered from the power of the devil,
freed from our debt of punishment,
reconciled with God,
able to go to heaven.
Since we have freewill, we can continue sinning, but we can also choose to apply the effects of ...
Although some Catholics believe "there is no salvation outside the Catholic Church", there is a newish Catholic teaching that goes like this:
Finally, those who have not yet received the Gospel are related in various ways to the people of God.(18*) In the first place we must recall the people to whom the testament and the promises were given and from ...
"From my understanding it is the Catholic view that all people should be baptized and converted to the Christian faith for their own salvation."
History would support that position.
In the mid 15th century, Tomás de Torquemada, as head of the Spanish Inquisition, converted tens of thousands of Jews and others to Catholicism. Most of them converted under ...
St. Peter also teaches that by the sacrifice of Christ we are healed from our sins.
1 Peter 2:18-25 (DRB) Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. 19 For this is thankworthy, if for conscience towards God, a man endure sorrows, suffering wrongfully. 20 For what glory is it, if committing ...
Yes, because outside the Catholic Church there is no salvation (extra Ecclesiam nulla salus).
The Fourth Lateran Council (1215) defined the dogma (Denzinger 430):
One indeed is the universal Church of the faithful, outside which no one at all is saved, […]
And Pope Boniface VIII's bull Unam sanctam (Denzinger 468):
With Faith urging us we ...
I will give a very simple answer for your good question.
In simple terms if the death and resurrection did not happened then we have no way to enter God's Kingdom.But since it happened we must be thankful for the Mercy of God thru Jesus Christ offering of his own life for our redemption and opening again the door for us towards salvation.
In Catholic Faith,...
My answer is based on the fact that I am a Baptist and I hold to a literal, Grammatical, Historical interpretation of the Bible. Although in this case I would think there would be broad agreement among most sects of Christianity.
The first thing is Jesus came in fulfillment of the Old Testament office of the Messiah. There were dozens of Old Testament ...
I am mostly familiar with the evangelical perspective, which I think is shared with mainstream Protestant denominations, since they all rely on Bible evidence alone (instead of relying on the writings of the Church Fathers or St. Thomas Aquinas). The Catholic viewpoint may have been answered already (link provided by Peter Turner).
From sermons I heard and ...