CuriousDannii's answer is quite good, and well researched. I'm adding an answer that is perhaps more conceptual and experiential.
Firstly, there's a number of reasons for the Reformation on grounds other than salvation by grace through faith: e.g. originally the abuse of indulgences (not strictly doctrinal), then Papal supremacy, the role of tradition in ...
I'd like to focus on the following part of your question because it is not answered, yet:
If ..., why did the Protestant Reformation happen?
This question implies that the main reasons for the separation of the Catholic and the Protestant Church were of religious nature.
When learning about Luther's time in history lessons in school here in Germany, we ...
1. Reading the Gospels as Protestants
This verse from the Aramaic scriptures tells us the virgins (we, Christians) will meet both the bridegroom and bride.
A few things here: firstly only a very small number of Protestants would accept Aramaic-primacy. It also doesn't have any relevance to this question. Just because the Greek text doesn't include "Again ...
Because the Catholic Church doesn't teach that we attain salvation only through the reception of God's grace by faith. That's why the Protestant teaching is called sola fide!
The Catholic Catechism says:
CCC 2010 Since the initiative belongs to God in the order of grace, no one can merit the initial grace of forgiveness and justification, at the ...
I do not want to repeat @Lesley's excellent answer, but add to it.
Angels in scripture are always described as male.
Angels cannot reproduce (Matt.22:30). (Those who dispute this are in the minority.)
Two angels guard the tree of life, preventing humans from entering the Garden of Eden in our sinful state, according to Genesis 3.
The "angel of death", ...
I grew up in a church that believed in the Sinner's Prayer. The verse most often associated with it was Romans 10:9 (emphasis mine):
9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
This Scripture implies that there is a speaking component to being ...
According to Paul, there are two covenants. One he allegorically compares to Hagar and bondage, while the other to Sarah and freedom. This is the difference between the "covenant of works" and "the covenant of grace". All covenants between God and men in the Bible fall within these two basic camps.
Which things are an allegory: for these are the two ...
1 Cor. 15:1-4 Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I
preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, 2
by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I
preached to you, unless you believed in vain. 3 For I delivered to
you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for
our sins ...
The problem with presenting a good answer to your question is that word "protestant".
A member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are
separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of
the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran
-- Oxford Dictionary (from Google)
That's a ...
I agree with you brother that they need to have fruit of Holy Spirit as sign to be Christians.
So for a whole year Barnabas and Saul met with the church and taught
great numbers of people. The disciples were called Christians first at
Antioch [Acts 11:26].
Barnabas and Saul teach and work them with Antiochians for the whole year. And then they yield ...
What has become known as “The Sinner’s Prayer” in Protestant circles is a comparatively new phenomenon. In some groups non-members who listen to preaching are urged to "say the sinner's prayer" and accept Jesus as Lord and Saviour - then that person is told they are now saved from their sins. Many have thought that because they repeated 'the sinner's prayer'...
Are any of them everlasting ?
There are thirteen references to the 'everlasting covenant' (KJV Old Testament) and one reference to 'the everlasting testament' (KJV New Testament) that I can find:
Either these are fourteen different covenants referring to a variety of everlasting matters ... or they are fourteen different aspects of the one New Testament, ...
There is an example in scripture, spoken by Jesus, of the prayer of a sinner :
And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner.
I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself ...
A book written by Protestant B. N. Howard has on the contents page, “The Seven Divine Covenants.” (The Book of the Covenant, published by the good book company in 2013.) But other Protestants would disagree.
From personal e-mail correspondence I had with a Protestant friend on parts of that book came the statement, “There are two covenants. The first ...