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2

I see many of the other answers here seem a little out of focus. The OP is asking for some Roman Catholic points of view, and while the history lessons are pretty neat, I would rather provide an answer to the OP. Do Catholics believe that everyone should convert to Christianity for their own salvation? Yes. Catholics believe that it is better for people to ...


0

Do the ancient churches built by the Portuguese have a statue of mermaid on the façade? Possibly, but I am unable at the present moment to locate an image of a mermaid on any Portuguese church façade. However, I have been able to locate a an image of a mermaid carved in a capital at Travanca Monastery in Portugal. Mermaids carved in a capital at ...


2

Geremia answer is correct about the sacramental seal. Can. 983 §1. The sacramental seal is inviolable; therefore it is absolutely forbidden for a confessor to betray in any way a penitent in words or in any manner [e.g., by signs] and for any reason. Can. 984 §1. A confessor is prohibited completely from using knowledge acquired from confession to ...


1

Effects of Christ's passion Because of Christ's passion, we are, according to St. Thomas Aquinas (Summa Theologica III q. 49), freed from sin, delivered from the power of the devil, freed from our debt of punishment, reconciled with God, able to go to heaven. Since we have freewill, we can continue sinning, but we can also choose to apply the effects of ...


1

Although some Catholics believe "there is no salvation outside the Catholic Church", there is a newish Catholic teaching that goes like this: Finally, those who have not yet received the Gospel are related in various ways to the people of God.(18*) In the first place we must recall the people to whom the testament and the promises were given and from ...


2

Can a priest make disclosure of sin a part of penance? Response: Yes and no, but generally no as part of the penance itself. Let me explain. Several things must be looked at here. A confessor can impose such a penance but there is always a caveat. Should Abusers Be Encouraged To Report Themselves? A priest who confesses sexual abuse in the ...


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"From my understanding it is the Catholic view that all people should be baptized and converted to the Christian faith for their own salvation." History would support that position. In the mid 15th century, Tomás de Torquemada, as head of the Spanish Inquisition, converted tens of thousands of Jews and others to Catholicism. Most of them converted under ...


2

St. Peter also teaches that by the sacrifice of Christ we are healed from our sins. 1 Peter 2:18-25 (DRB) Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. 19 For this is thankworthy, if for conscience towards God, a man endure sorrows, suffering wrongfully. 20 For what glory is it, if committing ...


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Yes, because outside the Catholic Church there is no salvation (extra Ecclesiam nulla salus). The Fourth Lateran Council (1215) defined the dogma (Denzinger 430): One indeed is the universal Church of the faithful, outside which no one at all is saved, […] And Pope Boniface VIII's bull Unam sanctam (Denzinger 468): With Faith urging us we ...


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I will give a very simple answer for your good question. In simple terms if the death and resurrection did not happened then we have no way to enter God's Kingdom.But since it happened we must be thankful for the Mercy of God thru Jesus Christ offering of his own life for our redemption and opening again the door for us towards salvation. In Catholic Faith,...


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Yes, a confessor can impose such a penance. Can. 981 The confessor is to impose salutary and suitable penances in accord with the quality and number of sins, taking into account the condition of the penitent. The penitent is obliged to fulfill these personally. Turning oneself in certainly would be a salutary penance for someone who breaks a civil law. ...


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No. Can. 984 §2 answers your question: Can. 983 §1. The sacramental seal is inviolable; therefore it is absolutely forbidden for a confessor to betray in any way a penitent in words or in any manner [e.g., by signs] and for any reason. Can. 984 §1. A confessor is prohibited completely from using knowledge acquired from confession to the detriment ...


1

One sponsor/godparent is required. The other may be an "honorary" godparent of either gender. The parents do not need to tell the honorary godparent that they are honorary and not the recorded sponsor. A non-catholic christian can only be recorded as a christian witness. That is why one godparent must be a practicing catholic. (Canon 872-874, CCC 1255)


1

Is wearing makeup sinful according to Catholic teaching? Answer: That will depend on the situation! Remember that Christ rebuked those who fasted publicly in order that all may know it: “And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have ...


1

What are the Church laws governing ingredients and shape of altar bread in the Catholic Church? First of all let us start with Canon Law for the Roman Rite: Can. 924 §2. The bread must be only wheat and recently made so that there is no danger of spoiling. Can. 926]1 According to the ancient tradition of the Latin Church, the priest is to use ...


5

John 1:48 does not imply bilocation any more than any other prophet's visions indicate bilocation. For example: Daniel had dreams/visions about events at the Ulai canal (Dan 8) Ezekiel had visions about heaven and the exiles in Jerusalem John saw things about heaven as well Paul records a vision about the third heaven (2 Cor 12:1-6) Samuel records many ...


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Can. 924 §2. The bread must be only wheat and recently made so that there is no danger of spoiling. […] Can. 926 According to the ancient tradition of the Latin Church, the priest is to use unleavened bread in the eucharistic celebration whenever he offers it. Regarding the shape, canonist Dom Augustine, O.S.B., commentates on the 1917 Code Can. ...


4

If a woman wears makeup for vane or scandalous purposes (e.g., impressing others, making others envious, inciting men to lust, etc.), it's sinful. If she wears makeup to please her husband (e.g., so he doesn't commit adultery or despise her), it's not sinful. St. Thomas Aquinas writes, in Summa Theologica II-II q. 169 a. 2 ("Whether the adornment of women ...


1

What are the origins of the Our Lady of Grace statues? Our Lady of Cambray (Statue) also known as Our Lady of Grace is commemorated on July 5. This is the origin of the style of statue the question is asking for: In the year 1472, the statue in the shrine of Our Lady of Cambrai was dedicated by Peter de Ranchicourt, the Bishop of Arras. The statue at the ...


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The origin of the Our Lady of Grace statue is written in the Book of Genesis, "I willl put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed. He will crush your head, and you will strike his heel. " (Genesis3:15) The Our Lady of Grace depicted Mary's foot trampling the snake at the bottom and graces flows from Her hands because She ...


0

The origin of the statue is actually the medal of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal, in which the Blessed Virgin appeared to St. Catherine Labouré in 1830 and told her to make a medal according to her specifications: From St. Catherine Labouré's biography, the Blessed Virgin Mother said: "Have a Medal struck after this model. All who wear it will receive ...


1

St. Thomas Aquinas writes (Summa Theologica II-II q. 83 a. 13 co.) that the effect of prayer is threefold. The first is an effect which is common to all acts quickened by charity, and this is merit. […] The second effect of prayer is proper thereto, and consists in impetration: […] The third effect of prayer is that which it produces at once; ...


3

Charismatic Renewal not a Catholic movement See The Catechism of the Crisis in the Church ch. 9 "The Sacraments" §87: What is the rite known as “the baptism in the Spirit”? The rite of “baptism in the Spirit”301 was originally the distinctive mark of a Protestant sect called the Pentecostalists. It is a laying on of hands for the purpose of giving a ...


5

What was the hour of the Annunciation? There is nothing in Holy Scriptures that will be of any help here. But perhaps we could start with Dom Guéranger and tradition: A tradition, which has come down from the apostolic ages, tells us that the great mystery of the Incarnation was achieved on the twenty-fifth day of March. [St. Augustine, De Trinitate. ...


4

St. Thomas had great influence on Trent, and several of his teachings became, almost verbatim, defined dogma at that council. From the encyclical Æterni Patris (1879) on the restoration of Christian philosophy by Pope Leo XIII: The ecumenical councils, also, where blossoms the flower of all earthly wisdom, have always been careful to hold Thomas ...


0

Being Orthodox, it is my understanding that to practice Orthodoxy it is best to speak to a priest in such a case; he may have to consult those above him with regards to your case. Your baptisms may need to be looked further into. If your Orthodox baptism is considered invalid you may be required to undergo chrismation; a Catholic baptism is not considered ...


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This may belong as a comment, but as I don't have sufficient reputation for that, I would like to point out that the Orthodox (see "other non-Catholic Christians") claim several incorrupt, post-Schism saints; see Wikipedia.


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Spiritual pleasures ⋙ carnal pleasures. Yes, intellectual and especially spiritual pleasures are greater than carnal/sexual/bodily pleasures, St. Thomas shows in Ia IIae, q.31, a.5. This explains what attracts the religious to leave the world by taking vows of poverty and chastity/celibacy. Spiritual pleasures more enduring Fr. Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.'s ...


2

Does the Catholic Church teach that modern churches have guardian angels? We even have a Feast of the Guardian Angels. But as such, it has never been defined by the Church, and is, consequently, not an article of faith. That every individual soul has a guardian angel has never been defined by the Church, and is, consequently, not an article of faith; but ...


1

At High Mass in pre-Vatican II missals, after the priest has sprinkled the congregation with holy water, the priest prays: Exaudi nos, Domine sancte, Pater omnipotens, aeterne Deus, et mittere digneris sanctum Angelum tuum de coelis, qui custodiat, foveat, protegat, visitet atque defendat omnes habitantes in hoc habitaculo. Per Christum Dominum nostrum. ...


1

Why does the Eastern Orthodox Church call the 49 days following Easter, Pentecost and the Western Church does not? To put it in a nutshell: It is their tradition to do so. The Eastern Orthodox Church calls this the Season of Pentecost because there are 50 (Pente) days between Easter and Pentecost. It is that simple. The Christian holy day of Pentecost, ...


1

The time between Easter and Pentecost is called Eastertide (or Season of Easter) in most Western churches. Western churches also refer to the Season of Pentecost to mean the time after Pentecost.


2

St. Robert's opinion St. Robert's views are found in his De gratia et libero arbitrio libri sex. According to Pohle-Preuss's Grace, Actual and Habitual: A Dogmatic Treatise (Chapter III. Grace In Its Relation To Free-Will, Section 2. Theological Systems Devised To Harmonize The Dogmas Of Grace And Free-Will, Article 2. Molinism And Congruism), Cardinal ...


3

Article 5 of the Catechism of the Council of Trent says: We are not to imagine that His power and virtue only, and not also His soul, descended into hell; but we are firmly to believe that His soul itself, really and substantially, descended thither, according to this conclusive testimony of David: Thou wilt not leave my soul [animam] in hell. (Ps. 15:10)....


2

Inedia, according to the Catholic theologian Antonio Royo Marín, O.P. (Teología de la Perfección Cristiana p. 845), is the "ayuno absoluto durante un tiempo muy superior al que resisten las fuerzas naturales" ["absolute fast lasting much longer than natural forces can endure"], in which only Holy Communion is received. He continues (ibid. p. 846): ...


1

Actually, there are quite a few Catholic and Orthodox translations around. You may find them in Lebanese bookstores, e.g.: Librairie Antoine Ayat You can easily find them in Catholic bookstores in Lebanon, too.


0

I am not a catholic but I believe the key is in the phrase: "yet the disciples did not know that it was Jesus". Jesus knew that they did not know and addressed them accordingly. He then asked them to cast the net on the "right side" and only when that resulted in a huge catch of fish they realize it is the Lord (21:7). Note that this was not the ...


2

Since when has white wine been used in Catholic Mass? There this a reasonable possibility that white wine at Mass was used in the Early Church since day one. Our Lord never said anything about the colour of wine at the last supper. And Rome has never published a decretal concerning the colour of wine. It seems plausible that white wine did become more ...


3

Where in the Catholic Church is red wine used for mass? In those areas in which the local community and/or parish priest's choice is to use red wine over white wine for Mass. Where I live (British Columbia, Canada) red wine is quite popular. Some priests use white wine for Mass here, but most here use the red. A lot will depend on the availability of the ...


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Can Patron Saints be “dethroned”? The saints who are canonized cannot be dethroned as recognizing and proclaiming a saint is an infallible act of the Church united to the Supreme Pontiff. Let's look at the Church history in proclaiming a saint; History In the first five centuries of the Church, the process for recognizing a saint was based on public ...


-1

What should a priest who commits a mortal sin just before Holy Mass do, if confession is not available? Canon Law "A person who is conscious of grave sin (mortal sin) is not to celebrate Mass or receive the body of the Lord without previous sacramental confession unless there is a grave reason and there is no opportunity to confess; in this case the ...


0

In what sense was Mary born without original sin in Roman Catholic dogma? The simple & direct answer can be found in the Dogma of Immaculate Conception. But there was a problem in understanding the dogmatic definition as it did not specifically defined when does the merit of Christ was applied. We are not alone in this difficulty as even the Angelic ...


5

What should a priest who commits a mortal sin just before Holy Mass do, if confession is not available? The priest in question must make a perfect act of contrition as best he can and must go to confession as soon as possible. He may under some circumstances still say Mass. The Church has very clear guidelines on this subject: When receiving or ...


0

Interesting question, according to Catholic teaching there is nothing which an ordained priest can do to make his service 'profane' in the eyes of a Catholic. Mortal sin or otherwise, once the indelible mark is set, even for priests just moments prior to Mass did the worst act "what flows through him keeps its purity, and what passes through him remains dear....


1

Is a prenuptial agreement permitted for a Catholic marriage? Generally speaking prenuptial agreements are frowned on. They may be permitted under certain circumstances and only with the permission of the local ordinary (bishop). Can. 1102 §1. A marriage subject to a condition about the future cannot be contracted validly. §2. A marriage entered ...


3

Yes, a priest can give a mass in American Sign Language (ASL) Fr. Edward McNamara wrote an extensive article for the organization ZENIT about the validity of sign language at mass, specifically using sign language during the consecration and not vocally pronouncing the words. Sign language is certainly permitted for the liturgy First, Fr. McNamara first ...


0

In what sense was Mary born without original sin in Catholic dogma? First of all, let us look at the wording of Pope Pius XII's definition of the Immaculate Conception of Mary: We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege ...


3

No. From the perspective of God and the Church, a validly contracted marriage is indissoluble, "till death do us part." There can be conditions attached to the marriage contract (conditional marriages); however, Can. 1102 §1. A marriage subject to a condition about the future cannot be contracted validly. §2. A marriage entered into subject to a ...


2

“state of perfection” in Vatican II's preparatory documents Vatican II's preparatory commission drafted two documents related to religious perfection: De statibus perfectionis adquirendæ (On the states for acquiring [evangelical] perfection), 15 June 1962 De Ecclesia [On the Church] ch. 5 "De statibus evangeliciæ acquirendæ perfectionis", 1 December 1962(...


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Referring to St. Thomas Aquinas's De perfectione vitæ spiritualis c. 15, Fr. Royo Marín, O.P., in La vida religiosa p. 116, defines "state of perfection" in general: States of Christian perfection are those whose members are obliged in a permanent and stable manner, through certain means,* to acquire Christian perfection or to exercise it for the good of ...


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