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According to Catholicism, how can the Holy Spirit proceed from the Father and the Son if it is God?

According to Catholicism, how can the Holy Spirit proceed from the Father and the Son if it is God? To illustrate this point biblically, let us read and ponder the brilliant and inspired teachings of ...
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10 votes

Would a person baptized by a Biblical Unitarian church be considered a Christian by the Catholic Church?

Would a person baptized by a Biblical Unitarian church be considered a Christian by the Catholic Church? The short answer is no. It is not that they may or may not use the correct biblical phrasing in ...
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3 votes

Would a person baptized by a Biblical Unitarian church be considered a Christian by the Catholic Church?

From the partial quotes given below, I suspect that Biblical Unitarian baptism would not be deemed acceptable by the Catholic Church. I assume that Biblical Unitarianism is not based on the theology ...
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According to Catholicism, how can the Holy Spirit proceed from the Father and the Son if it is God?

According to Catholicism, how can the Holy Spirit proceed from then Father and the Son if it is God? Before beginning, let us us Sacred Scriptures to show the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and ...
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1 vote
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Are the fallen angels already in hell?

Are the fallen angels already in hell? The short answer is yes. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but delivered them, drawn down by infernal ropes to the lower hell, unto torments, to be ...
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According to Catholic Tradition, did Tobias and Sarah consummate their marriage on their wedding night or just pray together?

According to Catholic Tradition, did Tobias and Sarah consummate their marriage on their wedding night or just pray together? I do not believe there is a Catholic tradition that holds that Tobias and ...
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1 vote

Are the fallen angels already in hell?

2 Peter 2:4 ESV For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment; This line from the New ...
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How do Apostolic Christians interpret arguably sexist verses in Sirach?

How do Apostolic Christians interpret arguably sexist verses in Sirach? By this, I mean anyone in the ... Eastern Orthodox ... Communion. Eastern Orthodox, born and raised. from a woman comes woman’...
1 vote

According to Catholic scholars, are the terms "God's Plan" and "God's Will" one and the same?

Catholic Douay-Rheims: Ps. 106:11: Because they had exasperated the words of God: and provoked the counsel (consilium) of the most High: Micheas 2:3: Therefore thus saith the Lord: Behold, I devise ...
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1 vote

What are the major arguments Protestants use against both Catholic and Orthodox claims of authority re scriptural interpretation?

OP: Are there any arguments Protestants use against scriptural authority that are common to both Catholic and Orthodox Churches? There are basically three phases of pre-1054, post-1054, and ...
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2 votes

According to Catholicism, is there a distinction between paradise and heaven?

According to Catholicism, is there a distinction between paradise and heaven? That will depend on the individual somewhat. It is true that for the most part paradise is employed as a synonym for ...
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According to Catholicism, is there a distinction between paradise and heaven?

Q: Does the RCC teach a distinction between Paradise and Heaven? No. See the Modern Catholic Dictionary PARADISE. A synonym for heaven. Jesus spoke of it in his promise to the good thief on the Cross ...
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1 vote

For traditional sources, how does the Catholic Church distinguish between holy truth and human speculation from the same author?

Inspiration applies to Scripture, not to anything else. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia: inspiration is nothing else but the biblical text itself. This text was destined by God, Who inspired ...
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2 votes

What's the difference between "knowledge" and "full knowledge" when it comes to sin?

St Thomas says, in the Prima Secundae, QQ. 76 a. 4 Since every sin is voluntary, ignorance can diminish sin, in so far as it diminishes its voluntariness; and if it does not render it less voluntary, ...
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1 vote

What was the ante-Nicene Fathers' view on image veneration?

Artwork There is artwork in one form or another in Christianity as far back as the archeological record can take us (As already noted by Ken Graham, precious little has survived from the very earliest ...
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3 votes

Is it impossible for a finite human to commit a mortal sin by its very definition?

The thesis here is that there is no sin where the sin is known to be grave and fully consented to. Because of this, the question is how can one mortally sin The can be easily disproved using the ...
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1 vote

Is it impossible for a finite human to commit a mortal sin by its very definition?

I've only read half the introduction to Peter Kreeft's Socratic Logic so bear with me, I'm finally beginning to understand the distinction between the human logic of Aristotle and the symbolic logic ...
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-3 votes

According to the RCC, is supporting abortion the same sin as having an abortion?

No. “When a Catholic does not share a candidate’s stand in favor of abortion and/or euthanasia, but votes for that candidate for other reasons, it is considered remote material cooperation, which can ...
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What was the ante-Nicene Fathers' view on image veneration?

What was the ante-Nicene Fathers' view on the veneration of images and its use inside churches? The real problem with this particular question is that the Early Church was under persecution during the ...
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1 vote

How did the Catholic Masses' kyriales get their names?

"The names derive from the tropes that the chants were associated with for some hundreds of years." (M. Jackson Osborn). Tropes are "musical additions to the preexisting liturgical ...
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2 votes
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Who are called Catholics in the Early Church?

Who are called Catholics in the Early Church? In a nutshell: The Early Church or simply put, Christianity. Apart from some early known heresies, the Early Christian Community was united, in union with ...
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4 votes
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What does St Paul mean by saying "wages credited as a matter of obligation "?

The Rheims translation is clearer (Rom. 4:3-5): For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him unto justice. Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned ...
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1 vote

Who are called Catholics in the Early Church?

The English word Catholic ultimately derives from the Greek adjective καθολικός, meaning "universal". (source) The earliest known application of the term Catholic to the church is by ...
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2 votes

Why is Rome the holy city?

Why is Rome the holy city? Several historical factors brought this designation into being. Roman Empire During the time of Our Lord and the Apostolic Era, Rome was the capital of the Roman Empire and ...
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2 votes

According to Roman Catholicism, what is their doctrinal view of the inerrancy of Scripture?

For Catholic Church, the Holy Bible is inspired by God and infallible in matters of faith and morals, but not necessarily free from errors in its historical and scientific parts; the Vatican Council ...
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2 votes
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Where did the nomenclature “godfather” originate from?

Where did the nomenclature ”godfather” originate from? A godfather is any man who serves as a sponsor for a child at baptism. Godfather (n.) [is a] man who sponsors one at baptism and guarantees the ...
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1 vote

According to Catholicism, why are all sins against the 6th and 9th Commandments grave matter ex toto genere suo?

According to Catholicism, why are all sins against the 6th and 9th Commandments grave matter ex toto genere suo? What is the sixth commandment? Thou shalt not commit adultery. What is the ninth ...
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1 vote

Was there a time before the East-West schism where heretics outnumbered Catholics?

I was probably wrong to say that Catholics were entirely outnumbered. The Army was, of course, in mere numbers, only a fraction of society. We are not certain what those numbers were; at the most ...
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1 vote

What are the main arguments the Catholic Church uses in support of the sole interpretive authority of the Magisterium?

According to the First Vatican Council, Pastor æternus ch. 4 "Concerning the Infallible Teaching of the Roman Pontiff", the supreme power of teaching (supremam quoque magisterii* potestatem)...
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2 votes

According to the Catholic Church, are sex positions that can’t bear children sinful?

According to the Catholic Church, are sex positions that can’t bear children sinful? The short answer is yes and no. That will depend on the circumstances involved. Please bare with me here and I ...
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2 votes
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According to the Catholic Church, are sex positions that can’t bear children sinful?

#1 and #2 are sins against nature or the unnatural vice (Summa Theologica II-II q. 154 a. 11 arg. 3: sexual "acts from which generation cannot follow"), which is the greatest degree of lust (...
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2 votes

Theoretically, could a lay person, by virtue of their baptism, validly consecrate Holy Eucharist?

No, the ability to validly transubstantiate bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ comes from the sacramental character on an ordained priest's soul in the sacrament of Holy ...
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1 vote

Theoretically, could a lay person, by virtue of their baptism, validly consecrate Holy Eucharist?

Q: Theoretically, could a lay person, by virtue of their baptism, preside over a valid Eucharist? No. The 4th Lateran Council declared against the Waldensians: "Indeed, no one can perform this ...
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5 votes

Is it impossible for a finite human to commit a mortal sin by its very definition?

Fallible humans can definitely fulfil the conditions to commit a mortal sin. Let's take a really clear cut case. Let's say I embezzled some money from my employer. A co-worker discovers this and tells ...
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2 votes

Did Jesus descend into hell in his living body?

It is significant that Jesus referred to himself as "the Son of man" in the Jonah statement (Matthew 12:40). He was speaking of a matter to do with his humanity, whereas his activity after ...
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1 vote

Did the Early Church Fathers condemn polygamy?

Did the Early Church Fathers condemn polygamy? The short answer is yes. Tertullian (155-220), wrote that marriage is lawful, but polygamy is not: We do not indeed forbid the union of man and woman, ...
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Did the Early Church Fathers condemn polygamy?

"Appendix A: Authorities Referenced at [the Council of] Trent" of Brugger's The Indissolubility of Marriage and the Council of Trent, pp. 149-99, cites many who directly or indirectly ...
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Did the Early Church Fathers condemn polygamy?

Paul only prohibits it for church leaders. In his letter to Timothy, Paul writes: Therefore an overseer must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, ...
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Does the "fullness of time" in Galatians 4:4 depends on Mary's state of grace?

Does the "fullness of time" in Galatians 4:4 depends on Mary's state of grace? The answer is No. Mary was not yet full of grace, before God sent Archangel Gabriel to anoint Her, as their ...
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2 votes

According to the Catholic church, was there a New Testament writer who was not a bishop?

According to the Catholic church, was there a New Testament writer who was not a bishop? The only one that I am not sure of is St. Luke. Even here, I believe that he was a bishop, even if I can not ...
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1 vote
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What is the role of a witness during wedding?

Witnesses are supposed to attest to the fact that a wedding ceremony between two individuals took place. They would be approached in the case of an investigation of a marriage's validity, certainly to ...
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4 votes
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Did Jesus descend into hell in his living body?

Did Jesus descend into hell in his living body? The short answer is no. Some Creeds say ”Christ descended to the dead” (Descensus Christi ad Inferos) without interpreting the words meaning. Christ, in ...
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5 votes
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Can or do Catholic religious education curricula teach children about other religions?

Should A Child Learn About Other Religions Before Confirmation? (Original question.) I do not believe the Church has an official stance on this issue, one way or the other, but logically it would seem ...
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3 votes

Did the Early Church believe in purgatory?

Pohle-Preuss, Eschatology or the Catholic Doctrine of the Last Things: A Dogmatic Treatise, pt. 1, ch. 5 on purgatory: Tertullian mentions anniversary masses for the dead.18 That he had Purgatory in ...
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2 votes

Did the Early Church believe in purgatory?

ChurchFathers.org has a section on Purgatory, containing quotes from Sts. Augustine, Cyprian of Carthage, Cyril of Jerusalem, Gregory of Nyssa, and John Chrysostom. Here are some brief tidbits: "...
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Does Our Lady purify our intentions?

St. Louis de Montfort seems to think so. In True Devotion to Mary no. 145 he says § 1. She purifies them [our good works] of all the stain of self-love, and of that imperceptible attachment to ...
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According to the Catholic Church, when can a priest refuse to grant absolution in confession?

1983 Code of Canon Law Canon 980 If the confessor has no doubt about the disposition of the penitent, and the penitent seeks absolution, absolution is to be neither refused nor deferred. cf. 1917 ...
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According to the Catholic Church, when can a priest refuse to grant absolution in confession?

A priest can refuse absolution when he knows that the absolution would be invalid. The most likely situation of this sort would be the one that Ken Graham already mentioned, refusal to amend one's ...
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Canons on Constantinople as New Rome

What was the West's response to these canons and did these canons considered valid ones? The term Second Rome most commonly refers to Constantinople, which was the capital of the Roman Empire from 330 ...
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1 vote

If you do something that the Roman Catholic teaches is a grave matter, but you don't agree it is a grave matter, do you have to confess it?

Dialogue with Confessor This is an extremely difficult question, and therefore you should probably explain the situation to your confessor. The doctor-patient analogy is often used for confession. ...
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