What are the biblical basis for hell in Christianity? Are there any and if there are what are they based on in bible or in Christianity in general. I have seen many articles about the bible not actually mentioning hell at all and the concept of hell to be a misunderstanding in translation or something the church adopted as a tactic to scare people into faith and obedience.


Article in Times

Article in Medium

Transcript of a podcast with Terry Gross

Raised as maybe in a bit liberal Lutheran family I have been made to believe in the life after death in heaven for those who believe in Jesus and his teachings. But for those who don't are simply gone for ever. No eternal punishment in some horrible place but simply gone - dead.

I have seen many answers and questions on this site referring to hell and eternal punishment for sinners. What are the arguments for existence of hell and how can they be justified?

I'm sorry if this seems like a loaded question but I'm genuinely interested. Also English is not my first language and this is my first post here so please be kind :)

  • The Hebrew word sheol needs to be considered, as does hades in Greek plus gehenna in Greek (and Tartarus and the abyss). This might better be asked on Stack Exchange - Biblical Hermeneutics. Jesus' words concerning gehenna and hades are particularly relevant, as also John's visions in the Apocalypse.
    – Nigel J
    May 27, 2021 at 7:44
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    Thank you for the comment
    – EatrhTribe
    May 27, 2021 at 8:45
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    I have looked at the articles linked with the Question. Bart Ehrman, although a bright scholar, is an agnostic, and certainly does not belong to any denomination, at least not now. In general terms, you may want to look up these entries at Wikipedia, Christian views on Hell and the "minority view" Annihilationism. Welcome to Stack Exchange :) May 27, 2021 at 10:09
  • Thank you, both were interesting reads. Annihilationism is completely new word for me. That said the annihilationism taught to me compared to others is of course one school of taught against another and different interpretation of the bible against another. After reading it is still hard for me to grasp when did the concept of hell (hades, gehenna, Tartaru) from the bible become literal places of torment after dead? And why it is quite commonly accepted along the believers as the truth?
    – EatrhTribe
    May 27, 2021 at 11:51
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    And yes, I get why Biblical Hermeneutics might be a better place for this question. But the last part of comment before is maybe the part I am interested in. It is one interpretation against another of course. But still. The literal place of torment seems more and more to me like something man has made by himself. I'm interested on hearing counter arguments and what would they be based on. The big majority of believers believe in literal hell so there must be a good argument for that
    – EatrhTribe
    May 27, 2021 at 11:59

1 Answer 1


I was going to make a long comment, but I thought I might as well just give a "short" answer.

I must say firstly, that anyone that claims to have read the Bible and denies Hell's existence, is, at best, deceived, and at worst, insane.

The foundational belief of Christianity is that Jesus died for our punishment, so that we wouldn't have to.

Perhaps the person most clear about this is the man Himself:

Joh 3:16  For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 

Jesus goes into some good detail on hell in several places in the Bible, and actually talks about it more than any other person in Scripture.

Mat 25:41  Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:

Mat 25:46  And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal. 

Rev 14:9  And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,  Rev 14:10  The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:  Rev 14:11  And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. 

Luk 16:22  And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;  Luk 16:23  And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.  Luk 16:24  And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.  Luk 16:25  But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. 

Mat 23:28  Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.  Mat 23:29  Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous,  Mat 23:30  And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.  Mat 23:31  Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets.  Mat 23:32  Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.  Mat 23:33  Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? 

These are just some of many Scriptures on hell directly out of the mouth of the Lord Jesus Christ.

I would find it hard to construe these passages any other way than presented, especially considering who is speaking, and who is being spoken to: Jesus, a Jewish Rabbi, is speaking to other Jews, most of which at least had a basic understanding of the Old Testament, which is also very clear about hell.

Many times when Jesus taught He spoke in parables (Matthew 13:10-17), in order to make the truth available only to those who were willing to dig for it.

But most of the time when He spoke about hell, (and maybe all, but I haven't counted) were not parables. They were very plaintext.

This means that He meant what He said very literally: no figure of speech, no analogy. He wasn't speaking in mysteries: he expected his hearers (and readers) to understand what He was talking about. Otherwise, He was lying.

But of course, the Bible says Jesus never sinned (Hebrews 4:15), which means He never lied. So that means, according to the text, everything Jesus said that was not a parable, is intended to be believed as is, or not to be believed at all.

Given this, it is an indisputable fact that the Bible clearly states, at least from the Scriptures I've given, that Hell:

  1. Exists
  2. Is eternal
  3. Is punishment
  4. Is the punishment that Jesus died for us to avoid (if we believe in Him)

Hopefully, this should make undeniably clear the Bible's reality of Hell.

As an aside, Bill Wiese also has good teachings on Hell. He allegedly went there for 23 minutes, and describes in detail the things he saw and felt, and backs it up with Scripture and answers a lot of common questions about Hell to clear up confusion.

Whether you believe him or not is up to you, but if anything, it's a very interesting listen.

  • Thank you for your answer and time! I would still argue that first of all we cannot say: "But most of the time when He spoke about hell, (and maybe all, but I haven't counted) were not parables. They were very plaintext.". How so? And taken that the word hell is again a translation from multiple different words makes it in my opinion even more up to interpretation. But yes, those are passages not mentioned in the articles and they are harder do dismiss. Thank you for bringing them forth :)
    – EatrhTribe
    May 28, 2021 at 4:31
  • "Many times when Jesus taught He spoke in parables (Matthew 13:10-17), in order to make the truth available only to those who were willing to dig for it." contradicts the following "He wasn't speaking in mysteries: he expected his hearers (and readers) to understand what He was talking about. Otherwise, He was lying." I don't know how speaking in figure of speech or analogy is considered lying. As the first quote says, that was many times the case and in many places Jesus speaking in figure of speech is quite obvious.
    – EatrhTribe
    May 28, 2021 at 4:44
  • That said, I'm obviously biased. And I guess that with the different ways of interpretation we get to the bottom of the whole debate: there are multiple schools of thought here. Maybe in some way that is how it should and is meant to be. Thank you for the answer. It more or less brought forth what I was looking for with the opposing opinion with good arguments :)
    – EatrhTribe
    May 28, 2021 at 4:48

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